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Amine Gas Sweetening Systems Field Proven Gas Sweetening System

Hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, mercaptans and other contaminants are often found in natural gas streams. H2S is a highly toxic gas that is corrosive to carbon steels. CO2 is also corrosive to equipment and reduces the Btu value of gas. Gas sweetening processes remove these contaminants so the gas is suitable for transportation and use. NATCO designs and manufactures a variety of gas sweetening systems, including amine systems. NATCO offers a number of amine solvents, that remove the contaminants by chemical reaction. Custom and standard designs are available to meet any gas sweetening challenge, and lease/purchase options are available.

Amine Sweetening Process
NATCO amine sweetening systems are based on proven gas sweetening technology. The systems are efficient and effective. The following step-by-step explanation refers to Figure 1. 1 Sour gas enters the contactor tower and rises through the descending amine solution. 2 Purified gas flows from the top of the tower. 3 The amine solution, carrying absorbed acid gases, leaves the tower for the heat exchanger or optional flash tank. 4 Rich amine is heated by hot regenerated lean amine in the heat exchanger. 5 Rich amine is further heated in the regeneration still column, by heat supplied from the reboiler. The steam rising through the still liberates H22 and CO2 regenerating the amine. 6 Steam and acid gases separated from the rich amine are condensed and cooled, respectively, in the reflux condenser. 7 Condensed steam is separated in the reflux accumulator and returned to the still. Acid gases may be vented, or directed to a sulfur recovery system. 8 Hot regenerated lean amine is cooled in a solvent aerial cooler and circulated to the contactor tower, completing the cycle. 9 A variety of heat sources may be used for the still reboiler: direct-fired, waste heat, hot oil and steam systems.
Issue 7 July 2002

Figure 1 Typical Amine Systems Flow Diagram

Page 531-A1

0 20 NATCO Canada Calgary. we are able to provide fast delivery and a savings in engineering cost.75 14 48 20 16 5 10 10 . USA Tel: +(1) 713 683 9292 Email: sales@natco-us.Amine Gas Sweetening Systems Custom-Designed Gas Sweetening Plants Systems engineered to suit your needs NATCO custom designs and manufactures amine sweetening plants for any particular application. Select options to suit special needs These plants are designed so that they can be customized to meet your special needs while maintaining fast delivery.5 80 75 6 1. England Tel: +(44) 1452 833800 Email: asbl@axsia.D. The plants are designed to use a variety of solvents. Our specially engineered systems adapt the basic amine process to your gas flow rates.D.20 Heat Exchanger Duty (MMbtu/hr) . (in) Length (ft) Trays O. offshore or onshore. These options include: • Outlet scrubber and accessories • Flash tank and accessories • NACE accessories • Instrument options • Control panel options • Reclaimer and accessories For more information on NATCO Amine Gas Sweetening Systems or other NATCO Group products contact: Custom performance from a standard design NATCO has put years of gas sweetening expertise into the design and engineering of six standardized gas plants. This unit does not require reflux pumps or booster pumps. stream composition. Equipment included in each plant: • Amine contactor tower • Reboiler/surge tank • Reflux condenser/solution cooler in a common aerial cooler package • Reflux accumulator • Reflux pump(s) • Main solvent pump(s) • Solvent booster pump(s) • Full flow filter for rich solvent • Charcoal filter • Control panel/motor starters The 1-3gpm unit has the reflux system integral with the still column.5 52.5 Axsia Group Gloucester.10 4. The reboiler.60 Charcoal Filter Rate (gpm) 3 7.525 1. The standard plants are shop-fabricated modular packages. Size 0 Size 1 Size 2 Size 3 Size 4 Size 5 1 to 3 gpm 3 to 10 gpm 10 to 20 gpm 20 to 40 gpm 40 to 80 gpm 80 to 120 gpm Standard Amine Plants 1-3 gpm 3-10 10-20 20-40 40-80 80-120 gpm gpm gpm gpm gpm Contractor Tower O.75 23 Pack 14 6 3 3 .25 2.90 25 42 52.63 1.5 7. (in) Length (ft) Still Column O. Standardized Amine Plants Standardized plants save you time and money By standardising the gas sweetening design. (in) Length (ft) Rate (gpm) max Horsepower Reflux Pump (2) Duty (MMbtu/hr) . The reboiler and aerial cooler are mounted off-skid on the 20-40 gpm plant.15 0.0 40 5 Reflux Accumulator Circulation Pump (2) NATCO Group Head Office Houston. Japan Tel: +(81) 33288 1901 Email: natco1@natcojapan.0 10 2. DGA and Sulfinol.D.6 42 50 20 42 52.78 Rate (gpm) max N/A Horsepower Booster Pump Rate (gpm) max N/A Horsepower N/A Reflux Condenser N/A Duty (MMbtu/hr) .5 52. 3-10 gpm and 10-20 gpm plants are complete on one skid.75 1.52 www.05 2. You get the kind of performance with these standard plants that you expect from a customdesigned sweetening Axsia Howmar Camberley. and solvent aerial cooler are off-skid on the larger plants.5 36 50 20 36 7.75 1.5 16 . Below 125 gpm circulation rates. O.95 0.5 Except for the gas contact tower the 1-3 gpm.D.315 Cooler Duty (MMbtu/hr) . They are skid-mounted and include all piping and controls.5 52.0 18 50 20 18 7. Six complete gas sweetening packages NATCO’s standardized plant is designed in six sizes for the most frequently required solvent circulation rates. (in) Length (ft) Trays Reboiler 12.natcogroup. desired outlet quality and more. England Tel: +(44) 1276 681101 Email: ahl@axsia.5 120 100 9 1.ab.325 0.75 20 24 10 18 20 36 25 18 20 60 30 24 20 72 30 30 20 96 40 5.5 20 20 1.5 20 120 40 8.26 2. NATCO offers six standardized designs. Sizes range from 125 gpm to 2000 gpm and higher.0 80 10 36 52.65 NATCO Japan Tokyo.5 40 40 3 Issue 7 July 2002 Page 531-A2 . still.10 0. DEA.30 3. The amine plant may stand alone or work as part of an integrated processing installation.0 120 10 6. with contaminants in any concentration. Canada Tel: +(1) 403 236 1850 Email: sales@natco.23 10.5 1. as well as MEA. MDEA.30 2.0 24 50 20 24 7.