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THATS ENGLISH! Mdulo 9 Unit 7. ENGLISH BEYOND THATS ENGLISH!

Unit 7: ENGLISH BEYOND THATS ENGLISH! GRAMMAR COMPLEX CLAUSES Result


Clause Linkers
- Then luego - Therefore por (lo) tanto - As a result, como consecuencia - Consequently, por consiguiente - so, as que - so that de modo que So + adjective / adverb + that tanque Such + noun phrase + that tanque Sue is very nice. Then, everybody wants to meet her. Sue is very nice. Therefore, everybody wants to meet her. Sue is very nice. As a result, everybody wants to meet her. Sue is very nice. Consequently, everybody wants to meet her. Sue is very nice, so everybody wants to meet her. Sue is very nice, so that everybody wants to meet her. Sue is so nice that everyone wants to meet her. Sue is such a nice girl that everyone wants to meet her.

Reason
1.- Clause Linkers
- Because porque [usually in a final position, or as an answer to a Why-question] I cant go on holiday because I dont have any money - As como, puesto que [usually in an initial position] As I dont have any money, I cant go on holiday - Since ya que [usually in an initial position] Since I dont have any money, I cant go on holiday - Thats the reason why ste es el motivo por el que [usually in a final position, after a full stop] I dont have any money. Thats the reason why I cant go on holiday.

2.- Preposition
- Because of I didnt go running because of the rain

I.E.S. Virgen de Valme

Prof. D. Ral Escalera Maestre

THATS ENGLISH! Mdulo 9 Unit 7. ENGLISH BEYOND THATS ENGLISH!

Contrast
Co-ordinating Conjuncts
However sin embargo But pero We had the best team. However, we lost. We had the best team, but we lost. We lost although we had the best team We lost (even) though we had the best team We lost in spite of the fact that we had the best team We lost despite the fact that we had the best team

Subordinating Conjuncts
Although although (Even) though aunque In spite of the fact that a pesar de que Despite the fact that a pesar de que

FUNCTIONAL LANGUAGE PROPOSING A TOAST


Cheers Salud! Heres to ! - Por!

CONGRATULATING
Congratulations! Enhorabuena! Happy ! Feliz! Well done! Bien hecho! Thats wonderful! Estupendo! Good for you! Fantstico!

I.E.S. Virgen de Valme

Prof. D. Ral Escalera Maestre