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At Room Temperature

Chlorine is a pale green gas

Bromine is a dark red liquid which gives of a brown vapour Iodine is a black solid which gives of a purple vapour

When dissolved in water

Chlorine turns clear and colourless Bromine turns a dark orange colour Iodine turns clear and colourless

When dissolved in cyclohexane

Bromine- bottom layer yellow and top layer golden.

When dissolved in cyclohexane

Chlorine- both layers are clear

When dissolved in cyclohexane

Iodine- top layer is pink and bottom layer is golden

Halogens + Halides

Iodide ion is added to chlorine water. 2KI (aq) + Cl2 (aq) 2KCl (aq) + I2 (aq)

2I-(aq ) + Cl2 (aq )

2Cl- (aq ) + I2 (aq )

This is a displacement reaction as chlorine is more reactive than iodine as it is higher in the group.

Halides + Silver ions

The precipitates formed are the insoluble silver halides silver chloride, silver bromide or silver iodide.

Chlorine- white

Bromine- pale cream

Iodine- pale yellow