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Document No. Document Title
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1 of 80 2 12.03.99 DOP 202
Routine Drilling Operations
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 2.0 3.0
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5
PURPOSE.................................................................................................... 2 SCOPE......................................................................................................... 2 RESPONSIBILITIES...................................................................................... 2
Senior Toolpusher.................................................................................................. Drilling Supervisor.................................................................................................. Directional Driller.................................................................................................... Directional Surveyor/MWD Operator...................................................................... Well Loggers.......................................................................................................... 2 2 2 2 3
5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.10 5.11
DEFINITIONS............................................................................................... 3 PROCEDURE............................................................................................... 3
Handling, Making Up And Laying Out Bottom Hole Assemblies............................ 3 Tripping Procedures............................................................................................. 14 Drilling Procedures.............................................................................................. 16 Logging Operations.............................................................................................. 22 Casing Operations.............................................................................................. 31 Coring Operations............................................................................................... 36 Fishing Operations............................................................................................... 42 Well Testing Operations....................................................................................... 47 Well Completion/Workover Operations............................................................... 51 Well Suspension Or Abandonment...................................................................... 53 Directional Drilling Operations.............................................................................. 58
REFERENCES............................................................................................ 63 ENCLOSURES........................................................................................... 64
Rev No 1 2
Date 15.03.96 12.03.99
Prepared by: CBA IMI / LVA
Verified by: WVE ICO
Approved by: Safety and QA Managers AMO BNO / AJE
Reason for Revision Issued for Implementation As per Procedural Review Scheme
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Routine Drilling Operations 1.0 PURPOSE
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2 of 80 2 12.03.99 DOP 202
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Routine Drilling Operations
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The purpose of this procedure is to describe and give guidance on routine drilling operations.
This procedure is applicable on all Stena Drilling Units.
The Senior Toolpusher is responsible for the implementation of this procedure.
The Drilling Supervisor (appointed by Operator/Company, dependent on well contract type, normal or integrated service) has overall responsibility for correct implementation of directional drilling procedures that have been developed as part of the Well Programme. He is to liaise with all responsible personnel during the drilling operation to ensure compliance with directional drilling safety procedures.
The Directional Driller is responsible for drilling the well according to the Well Programme. He is to liaise with all personnel during the drilling operation. He is to ensure that the Drilling Supervisor is kept informed of all directional drilling matters. The Directional Driller is also responsible for performing directional survey calculations, proximity checks and ensuring that correct survey correction factors are applied to each survey in accordance with Well Programme requirements.
Directional Surveyor/MWD Operator
These personnel are to take directional surveys as required by the Well Programme or as directed by the Directional Driller and Drilling Supervisor. They are to ensure that correct survey correction factors are applied to each survey in accordance with Well Programme requirements.
The mud loggers are to carry out independent directional survey calculations using correct survey correction factors as detailed in the Well Programme. This will enable directional survey calculations to be checked for accuracy. These calculations are only to be used to check the accuracy of calculations as carried out by the Directional Driller and Surveyors.
DEFINITIONS & ABBREVIATIONS
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Routine Drilling Operations
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Handling, Making Up and Laying Out Bottom Hole Assemblies
Planning Prior to making up, breaking out, or changing a BHA, consideration should be given to the safest and most efficient method for constructing, changing, or dismantling the assembly. There is a vast selection of tools and equipment which require to be handled, and numerous methods for doing so, in general these can be broken down into five main categories: NOTE: 1. The Driller shall alert the Duty Toolpusher before making up or breaking out bottom hole assemblies.
Tools with a lift recess can be put directly into the elevators by one of the following means: 2. 3. Full length tools over 8" diameter must be tailed in directly to the elevators or if fitted, use a catwalk machine.. Tools 8” diameter or less can either be lifted into the mousehole using an air winch, the elevators can then be swung over using the DDM pipehandler to latch onto the tool, or they can be tailed in if desired. However, if fitted, use a catwalk machine.
The above procedures will generally relate to drill collars. 4. For long tools without a zip recess, a lift sub must be fitted. This will generally relate to non-magnetic drill collars, jars, mud motors, MWD, core barrels, well testing tools etc. Tubulars or tools suspended on the elevators can be directly connected to another from: 6. 7. 8. The mousehole (adjuster may be required depending on tool length). The Rotary table (Near bit tools). Placed on a Support pin fitted to the rotary table. NOTE: This method is only suitable for tools with pin down connections which will not exceed a comfortable working height for the floormen. Under no circumstances should the pin be used to support a box connection.
Consideration could be given to fitting pin/pin x-over to box connections prior to picking up if the rotary table or mousehole is not available to handle them.
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Some types of rock such as limestone. they may require a significantly harder bit than the sands and shales drilled either above or below. after visually checking that both of the chain link pins are securely located in the tong lugs.03. 5. subs. Although this will not usually cause a change in bit selection.1. diameter. lift recesses.1 Preparation Bit Selection And Gauging Factors that influence bit selection can be subdivided into three main groups which are. Formation Drillability Relates to the formation hardness characteristic. location in derrick etc. Laying out or breaking down tools and tubulars may be performed as a reverse of above. placement of stabilisers or other tools.99 DOP 202 The above methods will generally be suitable for shorter tools such as stabilisers. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . chert and quartzite are harder than other at whatever depth they are encountered. This will apply mainly to stab on kelly cocks. 4) Lifted directly onto the string in the rotary table using an air winch and lifting cap. 5) Picked up from the derrick using a combination of racking arms depending upon configuration of the stand i. operating practices and cost. lifting subs. formation characteristics. Formation Characteristics: 1. Undercompaction generally increases drillability. 2. crossovers etc. short subs which will remain within a reasonable working height when lifted into position.1. All lifting subs and crossovers will be screwed and unscrewed using chain tongs. it often postpones to a deeper depth utilising the next harder bit type. Rock Hardness Relates to both compaction and the inherent compressive strength of the rock. Apparent drillability usually decreases with depth due to increases in rock hardness (compaction) and to extraneous factors such as mud flow properties and poor hydraulics.e.2 5.2.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 5 of 80 2 12. and various small diameter testing tools and crossovers. or manually for small subs and tools. Drill collar lifting subs will be handled using a set of single joint elevators fitted with a set of wire rope lifing slings. Thus.
Fractured rock is occasionally found in hard. Bit performance from offset wells and similar lithology will be evaluated and recommended bit selection shown in the drilling program. Too much emphasis cannot be placed on the proper selection of force on bit and rotary/DDM speeds. 5. measure the distance between the ring gauge and the gauge point of the third.2.4 Gauging Dulled Three-Cone Rock Bits Method One: 1. 5. stronger teeth and special gauge protection. A drill off test should be carried out to find the optimum parameters. Abrasiveness Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 6 of 80 2 12. However. weight/speed optimisation finds the combination that gives minimum cost for a particular bit type. Gauge ID and tolerance should be stamped on ring gauge.1. There are many different types of bits available from several different manufacturers with new types coming out frequently. Using a scale.2. If however. the out-of gauge condition is recorded showing the fraction of an inch under gauge. This usually results in severely broken teeth. Unfortunately. Experience in a given area is the best guide. This should be followed unless hole conditions dictate that change is required. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .99 DOP 202 The presence of abrasive intervals may call for shorter.2. Pull ring gauge tight against the gauge points of two of the cones. 4. 3. there is no formula for determining the proper balance between weight and speeds since formation and bit types enter into this selection. 5.Routine Drilling Operations 3. brittle formations. in unconsolidated surface sands. Fractured intervals often require the use of bits with short teeth along with light force on bit. If the gauge teeth of each cone contact the ring gauge the bit is said to be "in gauge".03.3 How To Ring Gauge Bits It should be standard procedure to ring gauge all bits-new or rerun bits before going into the hole and when the bit is in the dulled condition. contact by the gauge teeth is not made with the ring gauge.1. It is troublesome because the rock tends to break into non-uniform large pieces that must then be ground up before the drilling fluid can carry them out of the hole. however.1. rotate cones so that the gauge points are at maximum bit diameter. 2. The Operator’s Drilling Supervisor will personally grade all used bits.2 Grading Used Bits The IADC has adopted a uniform code for grading mill tooth and insert bits. Select proper ring gauge size. the tooth hardfacing on soft-formation bits usually lengthens tooth life sufficiently to make these bits the best choice despite the abrasive character of the formation. With rock bit standing on pin.
Hard formation bits with minimal offset are likely to drill a hole equivalent to the actual gauge diameters. 6. Thus.99 DOP 202 Multiply this measured distance by two-thirds to determine the amount undergauge. Select proper ring gauge size.2. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 7 of 80 2 12. With bit standing on pin. scraping and ploughing action. diamond bits are manufactured with no overgauge to prevent damage to the bit or possible sticking in the hole. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .1. 4.Routine Drilling Operations 5. Due to their design. 3.2. the bit may measure undergauge while the borehole will be in gauge or slightly overgauge. 5.5 Gauging Diamond Bits: The gauge diameter for diamond bits is more critical since they are "fixed head" bits and do not have the "leg flexure" as with three . Centre ring gauge over bit cones so that ring gauge ID is an equal distance from the gauge points of each cone. 5. Therefore. they are in effect a very expensive drag bit and to be effective they must be able to drill through long sections of hole at a drilling rate that makes them economically competitive with rock bits.cone rock bits. Measure distance from gauge points to ring gage. When going into the hole with a diamond bit. Method Two: 1. Record amount undergauge in the dull grading section of the bit record. 2.1. Due to close clearance. multiply this value by two to determine the diametrical amount bit is undergauge. rather than by a crushing or chipping action. Since this is the radial distance.6 Diamond Bits Drilling Principle Diamond bits remove formation by cutting. soft formation bits with high offset tend to drill over gauge holes in the softer rocks. rotate cones so that gauge points are at maximum bit diameter. 5.03. it is important that the borehole diameter is known.
It consists of a thin layer of synthetic diamonds on a tungsten carbide disc. Considerably less energy is required to fail rock in shear than in compression. gouging and grinding action of roller.9 Polycrystalline Diamond Compact Bits Drilling Principle The polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) is a one piece cutting tool. Bit failure is indicated by a pump pressure increase while drilling. Test data indicates that with proper hole cleaning.1. 3.7 Weight And Speed Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 8 of 80 2 12. The rotary speed should be set and then a drill-off test run through a uniform formation to find the maximum force on bit compatible with available hydraulics. Lower the bit to bottom without rotating and pump any junk or pieces of formation from below the bit. With diamond bits always run maximum RPM and force on bit allowed by hydraulics and string torque.03. The tungsten carbide backing provides mechanical strength and further reinforces the diamond compact wear resistant properties.2. 5. This shearing action is the most efficient drilling mechanism in comparison with the compressive fracturing.Routine Drilling Operations 5. Minimum weight should be used until the bit is seated into the formation (first metre). This can be verified by checking on and off bottom pressures while pumping at a constant volume. This helps maintain sharp cutters for high penetration rate drilling throughout the bit’s life. High RPM will not burn a diamond bit if proper hydraulics are available to cool the diamonds and keep the cuttings removed. Never drill on junk.8 Operational Precautions Diamond bits are expensive drilling tools and can be easily damaged if improperly utilised.2. 5. Do not attempt to ream an excessive amount of undergauge hole as this may cause burning of the gauge diamonds. 4. 5. 2. the penetration rate is almost in direct proportion to rotary/DDM speed. cone and natural diamond bits. This results from a ring of diamonds being destroyed which restricts the fluid passageway with the bit on bottom.2. sufficient force on bit must be applied.1. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Run a junk sub one or two bit runs before a diamond bit run. Thus it is possible to drill at high rates of penetration with (PDC) bits using lower weight on the bit. To achieve penetration of the diamond into the formation. During drilling the (PDC) cutters wear down slowly with a self sharpening effect. The following precautions should be observed before and when running a diamond bit: 1.1.99 DOP 202 Rotary/DDM speed is a major contributing factor to the rate of penetration for diamond bits. thereby reducing direct cost per foot while reducing wear and tear of the rig and drill string components.
Once the bottom hole pattern is established. speed up the rotary/DDM to maximum 150 RPM and increase the bit weight until an acceptable rate of penetration is achieved. It is very effective in deep drilling where the bottom hole temperature is high. Adding weight too quickly may overload and damage the cutters. After making a connection. Do not roll the PDC bit on steel floor plates. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . PDC drills better with lower weight on bit. 2. 2. the bit should be washed back down to bottom slowly at the full flow rate to clean any fill from the bottom.2.1. 3.03. After the bottom of the hole is located. Hold the bit for 10 . 5. Raise the bit off the bottom.15 minutes giving the fluid flow across the face of the bit an opportunity to clean the bit face while no new cuttings are being generated.10 Drilling Procedures Before running a PDC bit the following precautions should be followed: 1. Place a piece of plywood or rubber under it when it is stood on the cutters. NOTE: • • Use light weight when cutting a new bottom hole pattern. Go back to just above bottom while running full pumps and normal rotary speed. Place a hole cover on the rotary table to prevent anything from falling down the hole. NOTE: PDC bit drills best in soft to medium hard formations. the bit must be lifted from 0. One method of cleaning the bit is described below: 1.99 DOP 202 Due to less weight requirements. 4. A junk basket run may be considered if there is any suspicion of junk in the hole. Care should be taken when running the bit into the hole.5m (20") off bottom while circulating and rotating slowly for five minutes to make certain the bottom of the hole is clean. amount of drill collars are reduced and this results in less pressure loss through bottom hole assembly. Use a proper bit breaker by taking the recommended make-up torque and divide this by the length of the rig tongs to get the needed tong line pull.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 9 of 80 2 12.
visual inspection. A bottom hole assembly sheet should be filled in noting the following information (Ref. Cumulative length. 5. serial number. Ensure all safety guards in place. Safety clamp . However. 17.(dog collar) visual inspection. 13. 16. Lay 9. 8.11 General Preparations 1. Iron roughneck . G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . near bit and string stabilisers or roller reamers. Elevators . Manufacturers Manuals). 10. inspect snub and pull lines. If fishing tools available on rig. Serial numbers. if necessary make up size required (Ref. Thread type. Outside and inside diameters of tubulars. 6. Check all handling equipment required (Ref. x-overs. 5.visual inspection. can be more effectively drilled with a water base mud by using a higher bit hydraulic horsepower. function test and check safety catch. nozzle quantity and size. 14. Float type (ported or non-ported). non-magnetic drill collars. downhole motors. Visual inspection of lift subs and lifting caps. jars. Slips . out and measure tools. bumper subs. Check torque calibration. back pressure valve. 11. Check spacer jaws available for different connection sizes. Enclosure No 1). check jaws or spacers available for different connection sizes.visual inspection. Bit type and diameter.1. 15. accelerators.99 DOP 202 By using oil base mud PDC bit tends to drill faster and last longer and are therefore recommended. etc. Fishing neck length. MWD. and may include drill collars.visual inspection. 3. 12. Checklist below): 2. Test same for fit on drill collars. replace worn dies.2.03. 4. inspect tong pull sensor and check for leaks. The BHA configuration will be supplied/confirmed by the Operator’s Drilling Supervisor. Individual tool length. Rig tongs . certain shales which normally will require an oil base (inhibited) mud. if necessary make up size required (Ref.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 10 of 80 2 12. Manufacturers Manuals). 7. check certification.
e. Section 5. 6. The catwalk tugger can be used if required to perform the tailing in function. mud motors. e. A bumper sub which is not fully open. Drill collars up to 8” diameter can be lifted with a lifting cap and positioned in the mousehole using the manipulator arm. clear. turbines/mud motors. Ensure crossovers required for use of the stab-in valve are ready on the rig floor before commencing the BHA handling operation. Drawings of stabilisers. Prepare drifts that are required. There are several items to consider prior to handling drill collars. laying down. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . MWD casing etc. causing an obvious danger to feet or anything else below it. Check gauge on drill bit. from the catwalk to the rig floor. mud motors. these are: 2.1. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 11 of 80 2 12. Discuss and agree on communications to be used between rig floor and Crane Operator. pointing out any particular hazards created by the equipment or particular operation. 7. 3. The drill bit should be prepared. Drift size will depend on the internal diameters. Service Engineers will supply any necessary information regarding make up torques or special procedures that may be required. 5. Drill collars greater than 8” diameter must be tailed in (Ref. or changing bottom hole assemblies. MWDs etc. and fitted with the required nozzles. Totco location. making reference to the relevant sections of the BHA handling procedures. surface testing turbines. This information may be required for any subsequent fishing operations. may “drop” open whilst handling.1.Routine Drilling Operations 18. 5.1). It is good practice to drift tubulars as they are picked up to ensure no debris is lodged inside.99 DOP 202 Also a visual inspection of threads and sealing faces must be carried out along with a check on any certification that is required. 4. and the correct size.g. jars. If the bit is already dressed check the nozzles are secure. it is advisable to hold a tool box talk with Drill Crew and Deck Crew. 3. jars. (nozzles should not be hammered as they may shatter). 8.g. Check if any intermediate connections are to tighten. stabilisers and integral stabilisers on mud motors/MWDs etc. MWDs and other specialised downhole tools should be made recording all relevant dimensions. If drifting tubulars as they are picked up.03.3 Picking Up/Laying Out 1. Prior to picking up. Always try to use the largest OD drift that will go through the tubular easily. ensure that pin end protectors are intact and properly fitted to prevent the drift dropping onto the rig floor or catwalk as the tubular is picked up to vertical.
leave space for the elevators). to use these elevators with the latch down. The lifting cap can then be removed and the lift sub installed.03. or “tailed in” from the catwalk. Under no circumstances should personnel be allowed to stand underneath whilst raising the tools to a vertical position.Routine Drilling Operations 4. This will keep the load off the latch. latch same visually.if the drill collar or tool has no lift recess it will be necessary to install a lift sub. Unhook crane and remove sling. guiding it into the elevators. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Lift recess .99 DOP 202 The weight of the equipment (to allow proper selection of adequate lifting gear).if weather conditions may cause problems with installation in the V-Door. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 12 of 80 2 12. To avoid damage to automatic elevators. For “tailing in” Manual elevators of the required type should be fitted to the elevator links. in order to avoid the handles making contact with the elevator links. the lift sub can be installed by one of the methods below: • • • On deck . the tool must be lowered in to the elevators and the elevators closed with the door uppermost. If the tubular is 8” diameter or less. 5. Attach deck crane to a sling double wrapped and choked near the pin end. Picking up tubulars from the mousehole can be achieved using the DDM link swing in combination with automatic elevators. NOTE: If the above procedures require the use of centre latch elevators it may be necessary. check that latch is fully engaged before removing airwinch wire and sling. Lower or raise the drill collar/tubular into elevators as described above. If side door elevators are being used. it can be placed in the mousehole using a lifting cap and air winch. In the V-Door. Drill collars or tubulars. If this is the case. If for any reason this is not possible. • General Guidelines for Tailing In are as follows: • Attach rig floor airwinch to box end (use wire rope sling double wrapped and choked below the lift recess or lift sub. Raise the collar horizontally into the V-Door. the air winch should be left attached and kept under tension until the tool is vertical. can be picked up and placed in the mousehole. these should NOT be used for tailing in. Pick drill collar/tubular up with draworks and signal crane to “tail” drill collar/tubular in to rig floor under control. After inserting the rabbit. special care should be taken to check the operation of the safety latch. NOTE: 2.
4. Alternatively the string can be top filled.) The protector can now be removed and the rabbit recovered. stab the pin into the box carefully. 5. if this is not available then it may be necessary to rig up airwinches. A float valve should be fitted in the near bit stabiliser or bit sub prior to making up the bit (assuming that they have the required recess bore). Ported floats allow the string to fill as it is run in the hole. therefore the hole fill pump must be running in order to keep the annulus full. It is good practice to “Walk in/Out” BHA tubulars using chain tongs. but generally the flow rate through this small hole is insufficient to allow the string to fill quickly enough to keep up with pipe running speeds. 6. A totco ring of the crows foot design may be run on top of the float valve. rotation of the rotary may cause the lock to be kicked out if it is not fully engaged. Avoid bouncing/dragging the pin on the box shoulder. this should be used to help minimise surge pressures and also remove the need for top filling the string. or the manual lock depending upon the required torque value. under no circumstances should the bit shank be used to push the float home during make up. 7. This bit breaker in conjunction with a breaker plate fitted to the rotary table is the means to hold the bit whilst torque is applied. this area is a pinch point and must be treated with caution.99 DOP 202 On floating drilling units it is essential that tubulars are prevented from swinging due to rig motion. If the float valve has a mechanism to keep it open whilst running in the hole.03. Making up or breaking off the bit will require the use of a bit breaker.) The bit nozzles should be checked after the connection has been torqued to ensure that no damage occurred during the make-up process.Routine Drilling Operations 3. Operator Manual). The float valve must not be hammered home as this ring may dislodge and turn over. Drillers should be aware of recommended make-up torque required on drill collars. The float valve should be a snug fit and the seals on the body and flapper should be in good condition. (Once heavy tubulars are allowed to swing then it may be too late to prevent serious injury or damage occurring. crossovers and other downhole tools refer to relevant service Company Representative if necessary. Use drill floor racking arm to steady tubulars. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 13 of 80 2 12. The valve should be inserted fully before attempting to screw on the bit. If a trip is stopped under these circumstances the drillpipe will continue to fill from the annulus. DDM/Top drive pipehandler rotation can be used (Ref. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . (Care must be taken using the manual lock. The rotary table may be locked either against the brake. Ensure the pin and box are clean and doped with the correct lubricant. it is essential to check for any damage if this should occur. bits.
Well is to be monitored on the trip tank and a trip sheet kept at all times. NOTE: 9. it may damage the cavities. can be laid out using the reverse of the above. The diverter insert packer will have to be removed for running or pulling large diameter bottom hole assemblies. The weight of the bottom hole assembly below the jars should be recorded on the bottom hole assembly sheet along with the mud weight in use at the time. 15. 14. Driller to ensure that correct make-up torque is set and applied. and any other checks which are required prior to make up and running in the hole should be identified. (Caution should be exercised when pulling jars through the rotary table as the mandrel may catch on the bushings causing them to lift unexpectedly.3. in/out must be kept up to date. Use safety clamp (dog collar) with all BHA equipment and ensure that it is in good condition and fitted correctly. A ball could be used if available. Driller/Assistant Driller/Crane Operator must ensure that any tubulars moved from deck to rig floor. Threads should be cleaned. Tubulars laid out should be cleaned externally and internally. When using rig tongs observe safe working practices. the bit should not be allowed to sit in and reciprocate through the BOP with rig heave. Clamps which are fitted should be checked to ensure they are secure prior to raising the tool to the vertical position. it may be necessary to removed this item to allow insertion of the rabbit.) Jars are normally supplied with a lifting sub. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . and have protectors fitted before being racked or loaded for return to shore. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 14 of 80 2 12. 10.0m above the rotary. or even cause the assembly to be lift unexpectedly through the rotary table. it must be removed prior to pulling the bottom hole assembly. Whilst handling the bottom hole assembly. the location of the bit in relation to the BOP should be monitored. Drill collars/tubulars etc.e. 13.5 . maximum jarring loads. and in view of the Driller. doped. the type should be identified and relevant information on strengths. Internal cleaning can be achieved by pouring a small amount of base oil or fresh water as appropriate into the string before pulling out. and refitted when it is pulled out of the hole. 11. A board showing the current status of the packer i.99 DOP 202 Prior to picking up jars. Whilst making up the assembly. methods of operation. The clamp should be removed prior to running the jar in the hole. Remove it and then refit same when required again. the rabbit may temporarily lodge inside. Due to internal profiles within the jar. Use iron roughneck (if available) to minimise hazards associated with rig tongs unless unable to fit same due to stabiliser blades etc. 12. 16. DO NOT leave this on the tubular if it has to be lifted more than 2.03. and replaced as soon as possible after running a bottom hole below the rotary table.Routine Drilling Operations 8. The compensator should be used whilst the bit is being run through the BOP. rig floor to deck and around the deck have appropriate thread protectors installed.
2 5. It may be necessary to stop and fill the drill string when using a float valve. Section 5. NOTE: 4. 4.A. This will ensure an accurate record of displacement is kept. Stab-in valve to be kept readily available at all times for easy stabbing/make-up to drill string. Compensator to be used for passing the bit through the BOP and wellhead. Take due care and attention when using automatic elevators with light loads (Ref. Ensure that it is large enough not to be taken downhole by tool joints. Damage may result in pieces falling to the rig floor. 5.03. catching on the racking arm head. In/Out From Derrick 1. 6. 5. 3. Driller to have regular drills to ensure crew response is swift and effective. Gauge all stabilisers on trips in and out of the hole. Install diverter insert packer as soon as possible . Check that lock-down dogs are engaged. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .1). Carry out any planned maintenance with bit inside the casing shoe before running into open hole .H. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 15 of 80 2 12. lubrication of DDM etc. 8.slipping and cutting drilling line. The jars should always be packed on the top of a stand. Driller must ensure that correct make-up torque is applied to drill pipe. 3. Monitor well on trip tank and trip sheet to be kept (see Enclosure 2). This should be done every 3000 ft and volumes should be tallied up to ensure correct displacement. Before racking jars in the derrick. Well is to be monitored on trip tank and trip sheet kept (see Enclosure 2). 2. 7.1 Tripping Procedures Running In The Hole 1. As these clamps are normally light alloy care must be taken to prevent them from striking other tubulars. lift subs and pipe handling equipment as much as possible to enhance safety and efficiency.at first joint/stand of heavy-weight drill pipe. It is very important to minimise the amount of air trapped in the drill string when circulation is started. Manufacturers Manuals). Note any changes and report same to Senior Toolpusher and Operator’s Drilling Supervisor. the safety clamp should be fitted. It is good practice when running diamond/PDC bits to run a pipe wiper below the rotary table.99 DOP 202 Use automatic elevators.4 Tripping B. 2.2.Routine Drilling Operations 5. Do not trip pipe whilst pumping out trip tank.1. or intermediate board. BHA Handling (Ref.
Assuming conditions are good. 8. 7. 2. 4.10 minutes before breaking circulation if possible. Trip sSheet to be completed (see Enclosure 2). Circulate bottoms up/hole clean as directed by Operator’s Drilling Supervisor/Toolpusher/Mud Engineer. Flow check well . It will be necessary to include a correction for tide on floating drilling units. 10. It is good practice to break different connections at each trip. and should hole problems/incorrect displacement occur then Senior Toolpusher and Operator’s Drilling Supervisor should be notified.2 Pulling Out Of Hole 1. 10. 6. Be aware of surge effects etc. Prepare and take deviation surveys if required (Ref. Trips can be made on “stand/double/single” to achieve this. 9. Install pipe wiper(s) below rotary table when hole conditions and hole fill are good.10 minutes minimum. slug pipe.3 Drilling Procedures G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Establish TD with zero weight on bit.2. 3. Regular drills to be carried out inside casing to ensure proper and quick responses by drill crews. Shakers/mud cleaners should be started approximately 5 .Routine Drilling Operations 9. 5. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 16 of 80 2 12. It is advisable to pull pipe “wet” using a mud bucket where there is the possibility of having to pump out/backream. 12. 5. Hole conditions will determine when to “slug” pipe. 5. It is advisable to have this done before the bit goes into open hole in case of hole problems. Reciprocate pipe to prevent string getting stuck. Well Programme). 11. Line up well on trip tank and start re-circulating pump. and any other time there is doubt. These operations to be logged on IADC report. Stab-in valve and key to be readily available at all times for fast stabbing/make-up to drill string. It is recommended that AD carries out a visual inspection of the system to identify/isolate any leaks.03. Pipe speed is dependent on hole conditions. Flow check well at casing shoe and before pulling BHA into BOP. Assistant Driller/Derrickman should check that mud pumps are lined up ready to circulate through the string before reaching the bottom of the well. Pull out of hole. swabbing effects. Drainage from the mud bucket must be returned to the trip tank. If hole problems/improper fill occurs then notify Senior Toolpusher and Operator’s Drilling Supervisor without delay.99 DOP 202 Running speeds should be chosen for the prevailing hole conditions. Remove pipe wiper(s) and if necessary the diverter insert packer before pulling BHA through the diverter.
mud weight) to Driller. Break circulation slowly to ensure that any pressures needed to break gels do not break down formation. Washing or backreaming will only be carried out if hole conditions require.g. Remove any pipe wiper used during RIH and install bushing protector used with DDM. Note any fill. Toolpusher or Bit Manufacturers Guidelines. one for drilling and one for tripping. 5. Run mud degasser during first circulation (at least bottoms up) in case of trip gas. Break in bit as directed by Operator’s Drilling Supervisor. He must report any variation in volumes or critical mud properties (e. Rotating the string will assist to break gels before commencing pumping. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 17 of 80 2 12. Alternatively have 2 sets of bushings. Ensure that there are good returns before going on bottom. Derrickman will monitor mud pumps. 5. Set up alarms/counters to alert Driller in advance of anticipated bottoms up. Driller must notify Toolpusher and Operator’s Drilling Supervisor when experiencing hole problems. report same on IADC Report.3.1 Starting Drilling 1. Toolpusher and Mud Engineer immediately. Connections should be made in a safe. 4. (Ref. 2. 4. Drilling parameters will be determined by hole size/conditions.3.2 Drilling Ahead 1. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Shaker hand must report any observed mud flow variations to the Driller immediately. 5. Well Control Manual WCO 200). Shaker House to be manned at all times during circulation.03. 6. Connections will be carried out as per DDM Manufacturer’s Operating Manual. (wear on the drilling bushings must be monitored). bit type etc. Well Programme. Measure in on pipe from convenient reference point and tag bottom carefully. Record slow circulating pressure (Ref. 2. Assistant Driller will check on 2 and 3 on a regular basis to ensure that vigilance is maintained. 3. organised and efficient manner to minimise time spent with string static. mud volumes and mud properties as required. Toolpushers and Operator’s Drilling Supervisor).Routine Drilling Operations 5.99 DOP 202 It is recommended to break circulation and wash/precautionary ream to bottom (at least last stand with top drive). 3.
Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 18 of 80 2 12. WCO 200). Cause heat cracking in tool joints. 7. 5. Hinder running of casing or formation evaluation tools. 5. Senior Toolpusher and Operator’s Drilling Supervisor. Safe. 3. 8. Cause cyclic fatigue in the drill pipe and drill collars. (minimum . Run on wireline with surface read-out for example: 5. torque. 5. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . 4. Procedures will depend on specific installation layout and be the result of discussion between Rig Manager. Totco single shot drift indicator. Cause excessive wear in the subsequent casing strings while drilling. Steering tools. 7. 4. Ssurvey tools can be divided into 2 categories: 1. 7. 3.g.3. 6.03. To avoid excessive drag . control the direction of the hole to achieve a specific bottom hole location. To avoid abrupt changes in hole angle that may: 2.Routine Drilling Operations 6. and key-seating problems: Survey Types Survey type and frequency will be specified in Operator’s Well Programme. Run as part of BHA and data transmitted to surface (e. Magnetic multi-shot. Dropped into string and retrieved using overshot for example: 2. Gyro surveying tools.anticipated bit run).3 Deviation Surveying Purpose Of Deviation Control 1. To enable side-track of a fish (Ref.7 on Fishing). 6. In special cases. MWD teledrift). efficient drilling operations will result from good communication between Driller/Rig Floor/Shale Shaker House/Mud Room(s) and Mudlogging Unit. Well Control must be maintained as per Well Control Manual (Ref. This will avoid potentially hazardous operations when making up stands in the mousehole during drilling operations.99 DOP 202 It is recommended that sufficient drill pipe is made up and racked in the derrick to drill the next hole section. 8.
2. Damage to drill string by wireline . Potential sticking of drill string. one string stabiliser. NOTE: 5.5 Drilling Straight Holes 1. 3. 4. Outside diameters of tools and overshots in relation to drill string inside diameters. 5. Improper mechanical arrangements of Utilising wrong drilling parameters. Drilling of cement plugs in open hole. DOP 20Section 3). one string stabiliser and then drill collars. Potential well control requirements. one drill collar. one drill collar. The packed BHA includes one near bit stabiliser. 4. A suitable wire line cutter must be available on the rig floor at all times when wirelining. To counteract angle increase due to dipping formation: 3. Formation properties/dip. Driller must check that fishing equipment is available and checked for operation before dropping single or multishot type instruments into the drill string. In areas where angle change is a severe problem one can use the maximum packed BHA including one nearbit stabiliser. two string stabilisers and then drill collars. Side-stepping is a problem prevalent in large holes with alternating hard/soft formations or fractured/broken formations. The problem is more severe in anthracite and limestone’s. It is important to consider several factors when running wireline inside the drill string: 1. where likely survey operations have been assigned to particular well sections.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 19 of 80 2 12. Restrict the rate of angle change with a "packed BHA".99 DOP 202 Particular tools are used during different drilling operations.3. More details (Ref. 3.3. 2. the bottom hole assembly.03. Drill with stabilisers above the bit and in the string to minimise the side-stepping problem. Safe working with sandlines/slicklines/electric lines. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Hold or drop angle by converting the BHA to a pendulum type.4 Causes Of Hole Deviation 1. 5. 2.threads on top connection etc. one drill collar (short or normal length) one string stabiliser. 5.
Backreaming to reduce angle is acceptable.3. a zone of unusually high torque might indicate a fault). history of offset wells. Be cautious about running junk subs or shock subs in crooked hole formations. In general. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . 5. two drill collars. one string stabiliser and then drill collars. 4. Operational Guidelines For Directional Control 1. attempt to avoid hole angles in excess of seven degrees. 8. Packed BHA should be run with high RPM and high WOB. 7. survey prior to releasing from the casing.g. but precautions must be taken to avoid unscrewing the drill pipe if there are doglegs in the hole. A pendulum BHA should be run with low WOB and high RPM. 2. Dull bits contribute to an increase in hole angle in crooked hole formations. Slow down gradually before stopping. Straight holes will be surveyed at least every 100m (330 ft) but this interval should be adjusted depending on the dip anticipated. 8. 5. Avoid abrupt changes in hole angle or direction 100m (330 ft) above and below the casing setting depth. Do not stop DDM abruptly. 9.6 Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 20 of 80 2 12. Alternative survey instruments to check instrument accuracy.99 DOP 202 A typical pendulum BHA consists of bitsub. and on-site circumstances (e. 6. 3.03.Routine Drilling Operations 6. The Operator’s Drilling Supervisor will personally read all directional surveys and insure that the results are recorded and reported. When jetting in the casing. 7. Deviation in the 36” hole should not exceed 1º.
the stabiliser produces a pendulum effect. a stabiliser (360º) run at the top of the collars is often helpful. When a stabiliser is run below the point of tangency. 6. Stabiliser connections shall have stress relief grooves. All stabilisers will be full gauge if special control is not needed. Integral type is preferred. Integral. Integral blade stabilisers only will be used in 12¼" holes and smaller. thus causing the hole to have a greater tendency to be deflected. 10. Stabilisers worn 3. the fulcrum effect is multiplied. 9. it acts as fulcrum and causes the hole to increase in angle. sleeve. 12.99 DOP 202 Stabilisers placement and bit weight are used for building. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Important Points For Usage Of Stabilisers 1. with a stabiliser at or above the point of tangency. Drilling with low WOB. Stabiliser terminology: 7. holding and dropping angle.03. 4. and the amount of weight applied to the bit. This distance is a function of collar OD.3 blades have a wall contact of 140º. When conditions exist conducive to developing keyseats. and welded blade stabilisers are available. This effect holds the collars off the low side of the hole so that gravity acts upon the mass of the columns. Coarse cluster-rite on the blade face is not permissible. 11. 5. Dependent on operation and requirements of Directional Driller. Weight on the bit causes and forces the collars to contact the low side of the hole. The entire bottom hole assembly shall be magnafluxed between wells if high angle holes are being drilled. otherwise every 6 months approximately. Closed design . By increasing the bit weight. The shoulder on the top of the stabiliser blade should be tapered 45º or greater. Stabilisers should be gauged each trip when directional control is imperative. Open design . tThe bottom three joints of collars may should be stabilised for directional control.2 mm (1-1/8") or more will be laid down and repaired. 8. diameter of the hole. tending to pull it back to vertical and thus tends to straighten the hole.3 blades have a wall contact of 360º.(vertical holes) . 3. 2.(deviated holes) . Welded blade stabilisers shall be properly stress relieved.Routine Drilling Operations Stabilisers And Their Use Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 21 of 80 2 12. The distance from the bit to the point the collars contact the side of the hole is called the point of tangency. The inside diameter of the stabiliser shall be the same as the inside diameter of the drill collar string.
Restrict the drilling torque to the make-up torque applied to the weakest connection in the drill string. but have a short life span in some formations. Latch the drill pipe tongs around the tool joint on the drilling stand. 6.99 DOP 202 13.3. The near bit stabiliser shall have an API Reg.03. 14. 5. less an amount for inertia effects (weight and speed of rotation). Make sure the tong line is at a 90° to the tongs. 7. These stabilisers are generally acceptable for straight holes. 11. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Note the amperage reading and tong torque as the tong torque increases.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 22 of 80 2 12. 16. 3. 12. Replace most of the drill collars (and stabilisers) with heavy-weight drill pipe. 8. Generally torque developed by stabilisers will fluctuate widely. Correct initial deflection and direction are essential at the start of directional drilling. The commonly accepted methods of controlling stabiliser torque are: 2. Use roller reamers. Calibrate the torque gauge on the Driller’s console if required. The most common way to do this is by the use of a mud motor and a bent sub. Gradually increase the current to the rotary/DDM motor. 10. The torque meter should be calibrated at least once per well as follows: 9. 4. Reduce rotary/DDM speed. 13. Check tong torque versus rotary/DDM torque on the Driller’s console. Use a mud motor/turbine.7 Side Tracking There are several techniques and tools which can be used to intentionally deviate the wellbore. Tabulate amp versus torque. Therefore a determining factor in the success of the operation is to select the "best kick off point" or depth at which the directionally drilled section is to be started. Treat the drilling fluid. Make sure the tong torque gauge has been recently calibrated. 5. Stabilisers are often the source of high torque. 15. box down with the bottom of the blade no more than 30 cm (12") from the box shoulder and it shall be bored for float. High Torque 1.
They permit the use of full gauge bits which can be followed with a normal drilling assembly. Drilling is continued until the desired deflection has been obtained.4. Hole and mud conditions will dictate amount and composition of cement etc. Undersized Collar Method This method of sidetracking uses 6" drill collars below 8" or 9½" drill collars. There should be three drill collars between the near bit stabiliser and the string stabiliser. Course correction.4 5.99 DOP 202 The following is a description of the most frequently used deflection tools and methods: 1. Each mud motor will have a specific response to the volume of mud pumped through it (RPM volume). the new hole should be far enough from the old hole to prevent contact with the fish. Down Hole Motor Method With Bent Sub This method uses a down hole mud motor and a bent sub to obtain the desired deflection and direction. the steering tool needs a single conductor wireline. Drilling proceeds with surveys normally made after each joint of pipe has been drilled. Other Special Considerations If kicking off on a cement plug. Low RPM and high WOB are to be used. 3. Corrections will have to be applied at surface to compensate for twist in the drillstring due to reactive torque. if required can be made downhole without making a trip. A pumping rate is established to give the desired RPM and the bit is lowered to the bottom of the hole or to the top of the kick off cement plug.1 Logging Operations Responsibilities The Clients Representative is responsible for issuing the instructions to commence logging operations. After the tool has been oriented the rotary or DDM is locked. While the MWD tool sends information to surface through pressure pulses through the mud. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Orientation and surveying will normally be done using either a MWD tool or a steering tool. The mud motor is pulled and a stabilised drill string is run back in the hole to drill ahead. 2. 5. The tools are run in the hole and orientated.03. To avoid pulling the probe each time a connection is made a wireline entry sub can be used. The angle changes induced when using a downhole motor are in the form of smooth curves rather than abrupt doglegs. it is important to have hard cement. When side-tracking because of fish.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 23 of 80 2 12.
To ensure hole conditions are good for running logs. Assistant Driller must ensure that equipment required to rig up and run logs is ready before BHA is out of the hole. and ensure that radio silence/top drive isolation is requested if required. Logging Engineer and Crane Operator. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 24 of 80 2 12. 8. Pressure control equipment such as a stuffing box should be available on the rig. 9.radioactive sources/explosives etc. strap the pipe whilst POOH to run logs. Discuss with Logging Company Engineer/Operators regarding: 6. 5. Actual rig up will vary from unit to unit. Restrict crane operations during wirelining to avoid collision between load and wireline. 11.4. 4. it is normal practice to make a wiper trip and then circulate the hole clean. 5. 12.03. Time required to get tools ready on catwalk during POOH with drilling/wiper assembly. Precautions to be taken . He will raise a permit for use of explosive or radio active sources. Number of runs to be done and types of tools to be used. 7. All fishing tools required are available on the rig.4.99 DOP 202 The Logging Engineer is responsible for carrying out the logging operation in accordance with the agreed company procedures. Urgent lifts should only be done when tools are out of the hole and following discussion between Toolpusher. 5. Ensure that all shackles used are tightened completely and secured with wire if necessary. The mud properties can also be adjusted as required for logging tools to be used. 10.2 Preparations 1. 2.3 Rigging Up On floating installations it is necessary to rig up a heave line from the riser slip joint over a sheave on the DSC/DDM and down to a shear link attached to the rig floor. Fit a short safety sling across the shear link to prevent the compensating wire flying free in the derrick if the link should shear. 3. He is to keep the “on-tour” Toolpusher informed of the progress and to ensure all necessary safety practices are adhered to. Tool lengths and diameters must be known. Operator’s Drilling Supervisor. Space required on deck for preparing/testing tools. If required.
However. Good communication between Logging Engineer/Operator and Drill Crew is essential for safe and efficient working. steadying tools when stabbing but final make-up is the responsibility of the Logging Engineer/Operator. Maintain close watch on DSC pressures to ensure that proper compensation is given to logging string.4 Logging Tools The following is a brief description of wireline logging tools and their intended use. Disconnect the air line and secure the latch on the elevators.4. A dip induction log responds to formations beyond the radius of 1m (3 ft). A line wiper must be fitted prior to pulling wireline from the well. change auto elevators out for manual 5" elevators to avoid damaging latch piston with heave line. operating airwinches. Pick up the blocks and logging equipment until near required height. Drill Crew will assist Logging Crew to make up tools as required. If compensator heave line sheave is positioned above elevators.4. Do not bring the compensator to mid stroke until the logging tools are safely below the rotary. 5.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 25 of 80 2 12. 5. Electrically isolate DDM if handling explosive tools while tools are on rig floor. Do not exceed 15. the measurement is relatively insensitive to mud cake and washed out sections. this is especially important when there are hole problems and good communication between logging unit and drill floor is essential. 5.1 Formation Resistivity Induction Log • • This electromagnetic device is used to determine formation resistivity. The sonic log only investigates rock approximately 2. This property of rock correlates satisfactorily with porosity in clean well compacted sands.2 Porosity Sonic Log This tool measures transit time of sound compression waves. This tool performs best in a salty drilling fluid in medium to high resistivity rocks.03.4. lower the elevators and rig up the logging equipment. The area is normally uninfluenced by drilling fluid invasion. Laterolog • This log is a focused current device and is used to measure formation resistivity.4.5 cm (1") from the wall of the hole. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .99 DOP 202 Fully stroke out the compensator with low air pressure.000 lbs pull on compensator.4.
Routine Drilling Operations Density Log Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 26 of 80 2 12. This slowing or capturing ability is a measure of the water or oil content. The device continuously bombards the formation rock with neutrons and measures the rocks ability to slow or capture the neutrons.99 DOP 202 This radioactive tool bombards the formation with gamma rays and measures the formations ability to absorb these gamma rays. 5. Proximity log. The density log rides the wall of the borehole and compensates for the filter cake.4.Neutron Both the density and CNL are combined to make a single tool. 5. but is not reliable in washed out hole.10" into the formation rock). Microlaterolog. The ability to absorb these rays is related to formation density.4. Density .4.4.25 cm (6 . This tool rides the wall of the hole and the compensated neutron log. With knowledge of type of formation rock.4 Combination Logs Induction . porosity can be calculated from density.Sonic Both induction and sonic devices are combined in one tool and log simultaneously to save rig time. 5.4.03.5 Other Logs Micro-Resistivity Logs These devices are wall riding tools designed to read the resistivity of the invaded zone. Microspherical focused log. There are four tools used for this purpose: • • • • Microlog. The resistivity measurement is read 15 . The curve is sometimes helpful in determining variable lithology.4. Spontaneous Potential G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . compensates effectively for filter cake and washed out boreholes.3 Neutron Log This is also a radioactive logging tool. Lithodensity Log The lithodensity log has in addition to the conventional density curve a Pe curve which is an index of the effective photoelectric absorption cross-section of the formation.
Thorium. location of faults. Dipmeter Logs Modern dipmeter tools consist of four pad-type micro-resistivity logs and a highly accurate system of measuring tool deviation from vertical.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 27 of 80 2 12. folds and bedding features that permit interference of environment within which the beds were deposited. On the sonic log. and correlation between logs. This two-arm calliper is often different from the three-arm caliper when measuring eggshaped holes. uranium and potassium (Th. U. Caliper A caliper log is a measure of hole size. K) are primarily responsible for the energy spectrum observed by the tool. The SP Shows maximum deflection in one direction for clean sands and in the opposite direction in clean shales. Velocity Survey A velocity survey is performed by locating a geophone at several stations in the well and recording the response when an energy source is triggered at a surface location near the well. the hole size is derived from a three-arm centraliser.99 DOP 202 The spontaneous potential (SP) is a measure of contrast of mud salinity and formation water. non-conformities. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . On density and micro-resistivity log. Uses of the dipmeter logs include structural mapping. Natural Gamma Ray Spectroscopy Log The natural gamma ray spectroscopy log detects naturally occurring gamma rays of various energies emitted from a formation. thus two separate calipers are shown. The SP is usually run as an additional curve on resistivity logs. sonic logs and as depth correlation in tools such as sidewall core guns and wireline formation test tools. and compass bearing of the pads. hole drift azimuth. hole volume calculation. Gamma Ray The gamma ray (GR) log measures natural gamma ray radiation of the formation. The GR-reading is highest in shales and lowest in clean sands or carbonates. A dipmeter log can provide four pads. the caliper is derived from a deflection between a single backup arm and the tool.03. Uses of the caliper log include distinguishing porous rocks from shale.
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A VSP is performed by locating a geophone at several stations in the well and recording the response when an energy source is triggered at a surface location near the well. The data recorded by the geophone is processed by a computer to obtain information similar to a seismic section. Reflections from horizon below the present well TD could be detected. Proximity Survey This survey is similar to a velocity survey system except that several carefully selected surface locations are used with the energy source. The energy sources are rigged separately. Ultra Long Spaced Electric Log The ULSEL is a very long spaced conventional electric log with electrodes on a logging cable spaced from 200 - 800m (650 - 2625 ft) apart. Formation Tester The Repeat Formation Tester (RFT) is the wireline formation tester most widely used. The RFT may be set any number of times during a single logging run. At each setting depth, a "pre-test" is made in which small samples of fluid are withdrawn from the formation. During the pre-test the fluid pressure in the formation adjacent to the wellbore is monitored until equilibrium formation pressure is reached. These RFT pressure data are recorded at the surface. The "pre-test" fluid samples are not saved. However, after the pre-tests in a zone of interest, another larger fluid sample can optionally be taken and retained, with the possibility of retrieving two such fluid samples per trip in the hole. One of the original purposes of the pre-test was to assure a good retrieved sample by making a preliminary test for the hydraulic seal and to ensure sufficient permeability. This is accomplished by monitoring the pressure at the surface as small "test" samples of fluid are withdrawn from the formation. However, the pre-test is very useful in its own right as a pressure measuring test. Upon setting the tool, the pre-tests are automatically and sequentially activated. The low flow rate pre-test (Chamber No 1) withdraws 10 cc of fluid from the formation by movement of a piston in the pre-test chamber. This is followed immediately by the second pre-test which withdraws another 10 cc at a high flow rate. The ratio of the flowrates in the two pre-test periods is approximately 1.0 to 2.5. Since the pre-test withdraws only 20 cc total fluid, the fluid is essentially all mud filtrate. The pressure gauge is located in the flow line downstream of the filter probe. During a pre-test the pressure drop in the flow line is essentially negligible and the pressure indicated by the gauge is that the formation face.
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The pressure is initially at hydrostatic mud pressure. When the packer first engages the filter cake, the pressure may rise due to packer or mud compression, followed by a drop due to the retraction of the filter-probe piston. When the piston stops, the pressure builds up due to continued compression of the packer but suddenly drops again at the start of the pre-test. At time, T1, the piston in Chamber No 1 is fully withdrawn, and the first pre-test is complete. It is immediately followed by the higher flow rate and hence a larger pressure drop of the second pre-test. At time, T2, the piston in the second chamber is fully withdrawn, and the pressure builds up to formation pressure 0. The fluid samples can be taken at any setting and they can be recovered immediately (transferred at atmospheric pressure) or, alternatively the sample can be sealed and have a PVT transfer at later date. Note that transfer of sampling fluid using mercury as the displacing fluid, is restricted by NPD. If RFT is run in 8-3/8" hole or less spare cable should be mobilised. 126.96.36.199 Cased Hole Logs Neutron Log This is similar to a neutron log run in open hole. Generally the effects of pipe and cement make determination of porosity less reliable than in open hole. Pulsed Neutron The pulsed neutron tool emits high energy neutrons on an intermittent basis, then detects radiation response die away between pulses. This permits calculation of water saturation and distinction of oil from gas under many conditions. Cement Bond/Variable Density Log The cement bond/variable density log is used to determine the quality of the cement to casing bond around a cemented casing. The cement bond log records the amplitude, in millivolts, of the first half cycle of an acoustic signal at a receiver located 3 ft (1m) from the transmitter. This amplitude is maximum in unsupported and minimum in well cemented casing. The variable density log records the waves train from the acoustic pulse at a receiver which is 5 ft (1½m) from the transmitter. The shape of the wave train is used to determine the quality of the cement bond. When the cement is bonded to pipe, there will be transfer of sound energy from pipe to cement, and the casing arrivals will be weak. The sound travelling along the cement will be attenuated. If the cement is well bonded to the formation, energy will be transferred to the formation, and strong formation signals can be expected. In free pipe most of the sound energy will travel via the pipe, little of it being transferred to the cement or formations.
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The temperature log is used to locate the top of the cement after a cement job. The heat generated by the setting cement increases the temperature inside the casing by several degrees over normal. The temperature change at the cement top is identifiable on a temperature log provided the log is run at the proper time (8 - 10 hrs) after the cement job. Cement Evaluation Tool The CET is a high frequency ultrasonic device with eight focused transducers examining different azimuths of the casing with very fine vertical resolution, thus enabling a channel to be identified. The transducers act as transmitters and receivers, each transducer emitting a short pulse of acoustic energy and then receiving the echo from the casing. The short, light, rigid sound is centralised easily. The type of wave propagation used (compressional wave normal to the casing surfaces) is not affected by a microannulus that is small with respect to the wavelength. Reflections from the formation arrive later than from the cement and thus can be distinguished. The response of the tool is dependant on the acoustic impedance (product of density and acoustic velocity) of the cement, and an empirical relationship has been established experimentally between this elastic parameter and the compressive strength for oilwell cement. Thus the log can be calibrated directly in cement compressive strength. Also the azimuthal separation of the transducers enables a pictorial representation of cement distribution around the casing. The basic idea is to make the casing resonate in its thickness mode. The presence of cement behind the casing is detected as a rapid dampening of this resonance, while a lack of cement gives a long resonance decay. The interpretation of CET is simpler than CBL. Channelling and gas migration can fairly easily be identified. 5.4.5 Logging 1. The trip tank will be used to monitor the fluid level in the hole during logging operations. NOTE: Depending on hole clearances swabbing can occur with wireline tools.
The amount of mud displaced by various sizes of logging cable is as follows: Cable Diam: 7/32” 15/32” m³/1000m 0.0242 0.1119 BBL/3300 ft (approx) 0.153 0.704
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Mud checks are to be carried out on active and reserve mud tanks at regular intervals and the Mud Engineer should run regular checks on mud being circulated across well from trip tank. Log mud weights and viscosity’s on IADC Report. 2. The mud level in the trip tank should be lower after each logging run than it was at the start of the run. This is due to fluid loss to the formation and surface loss through the wireline wiper. Anytime the fluid level is higher than when the logging run began, the well is either flowing, has been swabbed, or fluid has been added at the surface. A line wiper should be utilised on the logging line rather than washing the line with a water hose. The Logging Engineer must be instructed to be alert and report any unusual hole conditions such as drag, bridges or sticky hole. If there are problems, consider to make a wiper trip. The Logging Engineer must also be instructed not to pull out of the rope socket if logging tools become stuck. When logging tools are stuck in the hole the recommended fishing procedure is to "cut and thread" with an overshot. Logs should always be recorded on the way down in case tools get stuck or other problems are encountered on the way out. When running side wall cores it is important to start at the bottom and proceed upwards.
5. 6. 5.4.6
Logging Problems These can be divided into 2 categories: 1. Unable To Go Down In this case it may be necessary to try different configurations of tool string, remove stabilisers if fitted and add a hole finder. If the problem still continues then it may be necessary to make a wiper trip. Ensure that the Logging Engineer reports any unusual hole conditions with relevant depths so that the area of hole can be worked. 2. Tools Stuck These can usually be recovered using a cable head overshot in conjunction with a spear head overshot. The cable head overshot is made up on the bottom of the fishing string and then stripped over the logging cable. Prior to this the logging cable is cut at surface (with due regard to tide and tension requirements), and a spearhead overshot assembly is rigged up to each end of the cut point to provide a quick surface connect/disconnect while making up and lowering each stand during the “cut and thread” operations. A successful “cut and thread” is achievable with: 3. Good communication between Logging Unit Winch Operator and rig floor.
G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202
g.99 DOP 202 Proper briefing of crews before starting. Ensure that personnel are aware of procedure to use if well control is required.1 Casing Operations General Preparation 1. 3. Methods used to get stab-in valve installed. Check proper fit of side door and single joint pick-up elevators around some joints of casing. Check Condition of slings/swivels/bridles for use with single joint pick-up elevators. 5. safety pins etc. tools required and ensure everything is ready on the rig floor in plenty of time. Check condition of latches. Remove all thread protectors and drift casing (record drift diameter in report). Discuss with Logging Engineer any space out. This will assist the Driller to maintain a tally as the casing is run.Routine Drilling Operations 4. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .5.5 ft from the pin end. Extreme-Line: shoulder on pin end. The effective length of casing is required and not the total length (i. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 32 of 80 2 12. Buttress-Thread: base of triangle stamp on the pipe. Salvesen). paint length and number on pipe body. it is important to identify grade and weight of each joint and rack them to ensure that First items to be run will be at the top.5 5. do not include pin threads which are made up). In the case of tapered/combination strings.e.) It is recommended that joint number is painted approximately 3 . (This must be done in conjunction with the Operator’s Drilling Supervisor. This is on common oilfield connections as follows: • • • 5. 2. Check certification up to date. 6. The measurement should be from the top of the box to the position on the pin where the box stops when the joint is fully madeup. 4. Clean and inspect threads. Round-Thread: the plane of the vanish point on the pipe.03. Measure and number each joint as it is laid out. Prepare a plan of action based on estimated depth where tool is stuck. There should be ample time available during logging/wiper trip operations. 5. Weatherford. Rack casing with wood stripping between layers giving at least two points of support. Lay out casing on the rack as soon as it is loaded on board. Do not do this too early or corrosion will set in. Additional information is available in data books produced by specialist casing companies (e.
cement head.Routine Drilling Operations 7. Complete the appropriate casing checklist (Ref. Check these joints for any debris/rags. Have rest ready for moving to rig floor at start of casing job. Enclosure No 3). 11.5. and to prevent any surface landing string equipment (i.99 DOP 202 It is standard practice for float collars and float shoes to be made up and threadlocked onshore. Check 350/500 ton spider (or flush mounted slips) and elevators. Rig up hydraulic hoses when safe to do so. Check back-up power unit if available. Make-up casing hanger/seal assembly according to Well Programme and Wellhead Equipment Manufacturers Procedures. 9.General Information 1.e. Manufacturers Manuals) function test same and place on deck where they can be picked up quickly when needed. See individual well section checklists for more detailed information. Handle these joints with due care and attention. Fit them to accessible joints on deck. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 33 of 80 2 12. tuggers) being caught up or struck by elevators links or elevators. Make up stop collars and centralizers as required by Operator’s Well Programme. Drift landing string as required. Length of shoe track and number of connections to be thread-locked will be specified in Well Programme. Check CCTV for Driller observing casing stabber (where fitted). Make up final casing tally after the casing has been drifted. cement hose. 13. This can be done whilst logging/circulating. Ensure that joints which did not drift are identified clearly. side entry sub.2 Running Casing . 14. Make-up crossovers/launching heads as required by Well Programme and Cementing Engineer. 18. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Check that this has been done. Calculate landing string tally to give required stick-up above rotary table. 5. 15. Retrieve wear bushing. it is a good practice (if wear bushing retrieval tool has no jetting facility) to wash the wellhead during POOH prior to running casing to ensure proper engagement of retrieving tool. Ensure that Casing Service Hands do this along with AD/Derrickman and complete relevant reports. Dress same with slip inserts and guides required (Ref. Hold tool box talk and fill in Casing Safety Checklist. 17. 16. 12. Inspect/test casing stabbing board.03. 2. Check temporary workstands for use with 350/500 ton equipment. Check plugs/darts required for cementing casing. 10. 8. These joints will be thread locked so clean the threads thoroughly and “bag” same. at a time when Driller considers it safe to do so. Position casing tong power pack and test same.
Periodically check casing for signs of damage and replace dies if required. Fill casing as it is run either through the DDM/top drive or dedicated fill up hose. Check float equipment for proper operation. 11. crossover (water bushing) and stab-in valve are on rig floor before running casing. elevators and rig up temporary work stands before running casing into open hole.99 DOP 202 Rig up to run casing with side door elevators and manual slips. This will minimise the chances of slips “freezing” on the pipe. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 34 of 80 2 12. 12. Wire brush same if required. 10. Change over to 350 ton/500 ton spider. collars. check it is topped up every 5 joints if necessary. This will prevent shock loading of the string and damage such as crushing or gouging. 9. 13. Confirm make-up torque to be used with Casing Crew. Rig up single joint pick-up elevators and run casing by picking same up at V-Door. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . picking up on the string and checking that it drains (Shoe track joints should be tailed in with the crane). 8. The slips can be engaged and the load eased onto them. Periodically check elevator and spider dies for accumulation of solids. 6. the string should be brought to a complete stop. Ensure power tong ready for use before applying thread locking compound. Ensure that crew have chinstraps or safety lines fitted to hard hats where there is the possibility of a hat being lost in the casing at the rotary table. Be aware of the danger involved with using dog collar/safety clamp in conjunction with the flush mounted slips. Hold safety meeting with Drill Crew. Pick up shoe joint using airwinch and deck crane (as per BHA Handling Procedures (Ref.Routine Drilling Operations 3. Section 5. This can be done by filling up to the joint above the float collar. splash backs with oil if not). centralizers and markers as per 4.1). 14. Ensure that circulating swedges. 7. Dope the box threads with required lubricant at the V-Door (DO NOT dope pipe when set in rotary table).03. Check backs of slips are well lubricated (grease if nipples fitted. It is easier to handle all joints to be threadlocked with airwinch and deckcrane into the side door elevators and then rig up single joint pick-up elevators once ready to run without locking connections. Use safety clamp/dog collar until shoe below wellhead and there is sufficient weight to ensure slips will hold casing securely. Control running speed to minimise surge pressures and possible losses to formation. Monitor returns in trip tank and keep trip sheet. Before setting casing slips. ensure that excess equipment is tidied away. Attach and run stop Well Programme. contract Casing Crew and Deck Crew. It may be necessary to change over before this if hookload is close to SWL of side door elevators. 5.
Ensure that low torque valve is rigged up on cement head for pressure testing surface lines before cementing. Ensure manifolds. 18.5. This should also be done before making up special equipment e.g.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 35 of 80 2 12. Any changes to mud returns are to be reported to Driller immediately. Pressure test surface equipment against low torque valve with maximum anticipated pressure (Ref. 16. DV collar. It is recommended when running hanger/seal assemblies with small annular clearances to open choke and kill lines on BOP to surface to minimise additional surge pressures. If fitted. Well Programme). 17. Maintain tally as casing is run. pressure test same to maximum anticipated pressure (Ref. Well Programme). More specific information (Ref. the active Heave Compensator may be used toProcedures adopted will depend on weather conditions at time of running casing and type of DSC in use assist in the landing of casing. If possible. is available for individual well sections • • • • G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . If it is necessary to lay out any joints (bad connections.during logging/circulating operations. as this is when accidents can happen. pipe damage etc. NOTE: Stop and hold a quick tool box talk prior to changing the routine from running casing to pulling casing. Ensure that there are always personnel posted in shaker house and pump room whilst circulating and cementing.99 DOP 202 15. Carry out a count of joints remaining on deck before making up the hanger assembly. Break circulation gently to avoid excessive pressures on formations and when full returns have been established then gradually increase the pump speed. Section 3). circulating lines are rigged up in advance of running casing . Flush surface lines as required. 19. It is recommended that at least the capacity of the casing and landing string is circulated.03. Do not exceed 90% of DSC capacity when landing casing.3 Cementing Casing • • Mix any pre-wash required by Well Programme whilst running casing. notify Toolpusher and Operator’s representative) and try to replace the joints with joints of approximately the same length. 5.
Pulling Casing • • Rig to be kept as level as practical. When displacing cement and bumping plug. this indicates that the float valves are failing to hold. The same volume should be pumped back and the pressure held until the cement has thickened. Flush mounted slips must have pulling guides installed before casing operations proceed.99 DOP 202 It is essential when displacing cement to keep an accurate measurement of volumes. then increase the pressure to the casing test pressure required in the Well Programme. line up to trip tank or cement unit tanks to monitor the volume bled back.) Ensure that Mud Engineer checks the mud returns for cement contamination and measure or estimate volume of contaminated mud dumped. There will be the possibility of confusion arising due to differences between cement slurry weights and mud weights and the tendency for cement to “free-fall” in the casing. do not rely on stroke counters entirely. When releasing the pressure. the Varco 500 Ton Slips Are To Be Installed. tally up volumes.03.4 A Tool Box Talk will be held by drill crews with casing crews.5 to 2°. crane operators and roustabouts. The pick up elevators are to be closed and the safety pin installed free of casing. It is good practice to circulate and wash the wellhead area after releasing the running tool. Later on during the operation mud return rate will seem to decrease but this does not mean that lost circulation is occurring. the flush mounted slips will be removed and if casing string is heavy. (Care must be taken not to damage the hanger if the vessel is heaving. Once plug has been bumped.Routine Drilling Operations • Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 36 of 80 2 12. The 500 Ton Varco Slips should be removed and the side door elevators and manual slips installed. since this may hinder proper setting of the seal assembly. When pulling casing and laying out casing from the wellbore. with supervisors in attendance. Do not over displace cement by more than one half the volume between float collar and float shoe.) If pitch or roll increases above 1.5. (Small safety sling to be attached to flush mounted slips and pulling guides. • • • G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . If there is significant back flow. prior to pulling casing joints with centralisers installed. the following procedure will apply: • • • • 5.
Measure bit depth as accurately as possible when coming off bottom to run the core barrel.99 DOP 202 Casing joints with centralisers installed must be highlighted on the casing tally and extra care must be used when they are being pulled through the rotary table.6 Coring Operations • • The objective of coring is to obtain a representative formation sample for geological and/or reservoir analysis and evaluation. Ensure that fishing tools are on the rig for retrieving core barrel.6. but while drilling. Lowering these properties will also reduce the circulating pressures. Prior to starting coring operations.Routine Drilling Operations • Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 37 of 80 2 12. Cores provide valuable information and the objective is to provide the maximum core recovery at the minimum operational cost. Measurement to be taken with zero weight on bit and tide correction to be applied where appropriate. and Senior Toolpusher should ensure that all required coring equipment is on board.) The hole must be free of any metal on bottom prior to running the core barrel. Position and hook up any cutting equipment used with glass fibre inner barrels.1 Preparations • • The Clients Representative. 5. Ensure that equipment is on the rig for handling and shipping any core retrieved. Ensure that hole is clean and in good condition before running the core barrel. Cores will be taken upon request from the Clients Representative. the mud viscosity should be reduced to the minimum that will allow safe operations. measure and caliper core barrel assembly before it is run in the hole. Wipe and if necessary ream any tight hole experienced when pulling out to run the core barrel. It is highly advisable to run a junk basket at least one bit run prior to going in with the coring assembly. Drillers to stop and verbally notify crews that remaining joints of casing to be pulled may have centralisers installed and extra caution to be taken. • • • • • G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Water loss should also be lowered to reduce filter cake build-up and thereby minimise possibilities of sticking. His decision is subject to approval from onshore operations geologist who will discuss the coring program continuously with the actual Drilling Superintendent.03. 5. Lay out. (These are generally shipped as part of coring equipment.
2. Circulation volumes and pressure drops should be kept at a minimum during coring to minimise core deterioration and maximise recovery. thus allowing for greater recovery.4m (90 ft) lengths. This is accomplished by suspending the inner barrel on a swivel assembly which utilises a mud-lubricated anti-friction bearing. Core barrels are manufactured so that assemblies can be made up in single or multiple lengths.3 (60 ft) or 27.1m (30 ft) section should be used. Adequate circulation across the face of the bit. 18. For hard formation core smaller diamonds are used.2 Coring Equipment • Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 38 of 80 2 12. The conventional core barrel consists of an outer barrel which houses a free rotating. These core heads cut with a grinding action and thus reduce fracturing of the core. therefore. Core barrels can be assembled in 9. • • • • • G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . The inner barrel will be either steel or glass fibre dependant of the formation to be cored. A clean hole.03. This will give the best penetration rate. Since it is possible to core faster in softer formations. In order to obtain a representative sample. Damage to the diamonds or PDC's in a core head is usually the result of having junk in the hole. When a long sand section is to be cored and a 18. On top of the swivel assembly there will be a safety joint.6. shock loading or burning caused by inadequate cooling. • The choice of core bit will depend on which type of formation is to be cored. Excellent mud properties. a conventional diamond core bit 3 . Harder formation core bits are constructed using a round crown profile.99 DOP 202 The most widely used coring tool is the conventional double tube core barrel with diamond or PDC core head. For very unconsolidated formations a face discharge core bit might be used. whereas softer formation core bits utilise a more pointed crown profile to achieve maximum unit loading per diamond and. Therefore. the inner barrel must not rotate with the outer barrel. extreme care should be used to insure that the following conditions exist: 1. If the formation to be cored is a pure sand a PDC bit will be used.4m (90 ft) core barrel. If the recovery is poor or there are problems with core jamming a 9. If in doubt which core bit to start out with.5 spc should be used. inner barrel. 3.3m (60 ft) core barrel is filled without problems it should be considered to go in with 27. larger diamonds are used in soft formation bits in order to gain a more significant penetration of the diamond into the formation. maximum penetration rate. Non-fractured core is less likely to jam the core barrel.1 (30 ft).Routine Drilling Operations 5.
The rate of penetration increases with rotary speed. If it is necessary to wash and ream any tight sections ensure that Coring Engineer is on the rig floor to supervise the operation. Ensure that all inner and outer barrel connections are made up to torque required (ensure tongs are correctly placed to avoid damage to threads). G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . determine space out required to ensure maximum core is cut before it is necessary to make a connection (pick up a pup joint if required). after tagging bottom. The range of rotary speeds used in a diamond/PDC coring is relatively narrow. off-bottom pressure at circulating rate to be used whilst cutting core.6. Use the DSC to pass the BOP. Bit manufacturers provide recommended circulating rates based on the number and size of water courses in the bit and also on the weight of the drilling fluid. Whilst circulating. then take SCRs (Ref. If there have been high trip gas readings on previous trips then consider circulating bottoms-up before dropping the ball. Pull pipe wiper from beneath rotary table and add any pup joints required for space out. Measure in and confirm depth with appropriate tide correction. However. Once the ball has seated . Well Control Manual WCO 200). 2. • • • • • • • • 5. Most successful coring is performed with rotary speeds of 50 -100 RPM. practice has shown that the increase is less pronounced above 100 RPM and the danger to the bit is increased. Stand same on wooden or fibrous mats and not the steel deck.indicated by increased standpipe pressure. Break circulation and tag bottom gently.Routine Drilling Operations 5. Run in the hole carefully to avoid striking ledges/bridges etc. The ball can be dropped into the string at this point. Note. These recommended circulation rates should be followed.99 DOP 202 Pick up core barrel as guided by Coring Engineer and using BHA Handling Procedures where applicable (Ref. Take care with PDC/diamond coreheads to avoid striking sides of rotary bushings etc.4 Cutting Core Before the coring operation is started.6. It is good practice to run a pipe wiper beneath the rotary table when running in the hole with PDC/diamond coreheads. which may damage the corehead.03. careful consideration should be given to the following three variables: 1.3 Picking Up and Running Core Barrel • Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 39 of 80 2 12. Circulation rate.1). Section 5. There is more chance that the barrel will become jammed at a connection.
A pressure decrease may be due to a wedged core which will tend to hold the bit off bottom. Continued high pressure may also be an indication of swivel failure resulting in the lowering of the inner barrel and closing of the fluid passage between the bit and the bottom of the inner barrel. as follows: 1. Sufficient drill collars should be run to give the anticipated weight on bit and also keep the drill pipe in tension. obtained after the bit has started drilling. This condition may correct itself with continued circulation. most probably the bit or the circulating system is partially plugged. If the pressure drops but then returns immediately to the abnormally high pressure when the bit is placed on bottom. Changes in pump pressure can indicate several general core barrel problems. the pump pressure will increase. thus restricting the water course and causing the pressure to increase. raise the bit off bottom and record the pressure. When coring operations are started.18. 2. If the pressure remains constant when the bit is pulled off bottom. pull the bit out of the hole. Any change in pump pressure indicates that something abnormal is occurring and the cause must be determined. This final pressure reading.5m (1. The pump strokes should be checked to ensure that the circulation rate has not varied. When this situation occurs. A destroyed ring of diamonds will allow the formation to cut into the bit matrix. continue coring. Bit weights of 40 -80 kN (9. it is possible that alternate wedging and crushing of the core is occurring.99 DOP 202 Bit Weight. The coring assembly should be pulled to avoid loss of core recovery. then most probably the bit has failed. it is a good practice to cut the first 0. pull the bit. If this condition continues after raising and lowering the bit. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .800 .03. Bit weight should be varied while drilling. maintaining a close watch on the pump pressure to determine the optimum bit weight for a specific formation. In this case. must be kept in mind throughout the coring operation.5 ft) with only 8 to 10 kN (1. If the pressure increases and the circulation rate is correct. When the pump pressure fluctuates continuously and the penetration rate is erratic. Allowing the weight to drift off will produce jarring on bottom and can result in severe damage to the core head and coring assembly. 4. As long as the pressure is reasonable and the circulation rate acceptable.000 lbs) will usually ensure penetration in hard sands. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 40 of 80 2 12. This increase is dependent upon water-course area and circulation rate and is a result of the pressure drop across the bit face.250 lbs) and also with reduced rotary speed.000 lbs . 3. When the bit has established a pattern and the core is entering the inner barrel. the decrease in pump pressure will be accompanied by a reduced penetration rate and lower torque.2.Routine Drilling Operations 3.
• • • • G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . create problems.5 Pulling Core Barrel And Slipping Core • Circulate bottoms up before starting POOH. avoid rotating the string whilst breaking connections. Light bit weight and very slow rotation of the rotary is used in this operation. pull 60 -100 kN (13.03. Set slips gently while POOH to avoid losing core from barrels. Break the core and check for lost core using same procedures as at connections. go back to bottom slowly and rotate 50 RPM until the bit is again cutting and the new section of core is entering the inner barrel. A noticeable jump on the weight indicator will occur when the core breaks. Ensure that string is set into/pulled out of the slips with extra care to avoid shaking and losing the core. Never rotate core barrels on trips. If problems occur in breaking the core.5 ft) and then slowly lowered to within 0. heave etc. Diamond/PDC coring is an exact operation and success is aided by careful attention to all surface indications.500 lbs 22. Detailed examination of the core bit. • • • • • 5. Check depth measurements and correct for tide as required. observe the weight indicator closely. Further coring might have to be stopped if tight hole. Swabbing because of rig heave might be a problem when coring operations are carried out.6. A full core barrel will result in a pressure decrease and loss of ROP. Take extra care when pulling out of the hole as there will be increased chances of swabbing. The core will usually break off easily.500 lbs). it can sometimes be worked back into the barrel. If a piece of core has been left in the hole. If the penetration rate and gas readings have been extremely low consider POOH without circulating bottoms up. Therefore great care should be taken when tripping out of the hole with a core bit. however. the rotary table should be stopped and the core assembly picked up off bottom very slowly.Routine Drilling Operations • Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 41 of 80 2 12. core and core barrel after the assembly is on the surface can provide valuable information for future core runs. When the core is broken. the string should be raised approximately 5m (16. set the brake and slowly rock the rotary until the core breaks.99 DOP 202 When making a connection.3m (1 ft) off bottom while feeling for any core that may have been left on bottom. After making the connection.
99 DOP 202 Ensure that required number of boxes for handling the core are prepared for lifting to floor in plenty of time. the drill floor crew should don BA sets at the start of pulling drill collars through the rotary table. If using glass fibre inner barrel. 3. one section at a time will be broken down and laid out on the catwalk. For the first core to surface in each hole section. The barrel is not raised too far. make sure that: 1. or a pipe wrench etc. Raise the barrel slowly until a natural break in the core appears. 12. especially just above the core barrel and during core retrieval. 6. that the air line from the automatic elevators is disconnected. remove the pieces of core. break off the core catcher assembly and release the core. The barrel is kept hanging as near vertical as possible. Each connection broken in the drill collars. Clear and distinct signals are used by Coring Engineer and that no other person signals the Driller. Fit core catcher. this might let too much core fall out. a decision will be made at the rig site whether BA sets continue to be donned for subsequent core retrieval. Drill floor is clear and only essential personnel are allowed access. Check for H 2S. 4.Routine Drilling Operations • Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 42 of 80 2 12. 2. No hands are placed beneath the core. Lower the bottom of the barrel to the floor. Use Geologists hammer. The barrel is raised slowly to try and use natural breaks to separate the core. Driller can see Coring Engineer and core barrel clearly. 7. 13. Slip core as directed by Coring Engineer. 11.03. Depending on the results of the first core. must be checked for H2S with a suitable gas detector. 9. The glass fibre barrel with the core will then be cut on deck. Due to the light loads involved whilst handling the inner barrel. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . 5. lower the barrel back down to the floor and repeat until the barrel is empty (sometimes signified by the appearance of a lightweight rabbit). 10. Ensure that the barrel is not raised to an unsafe height which might let too much core fall out. 8. BA should continue to be used until the core has been lowered from the rig floor. or use manual elevators for this operation. Activate the core catcher. to remove small pieces of core.
Fishing tools and operations are used to remove these objects from the well. 4. High torque and variation in RPM.99 DOP 202 Lay out core barrel as directed by Coring Engineer using BHA handling procedures where applicable (Ref.7 5. Small amounts of cuttings over the shaker. Excess fill after tripping. or improper operating practices. Sticking the drill string .Routine Drilling Operations 5. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . It is of great importance to consider the possible causes of fishing jobs and take every possible precaution to prevent them. Section 5. 6. Tight hole on connections. Inadequate Hole Cleaning 1.this can lead to the string failing under the additional stresses imposed to attempt to free it. 2.1).03. Differential Pressure Sticking Differential pressure sticking results from the drill string being imbedded in the mud filter cake and the hydrostatic pressure from the mud column being greater than the formation pressure (Ref.6 Laying Out Core Barrel Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 43 of 80 2 12.2 Causes Of Fishing Jobs General Most fishing operations result due to hole conditions. equipment failure.7. Alternatively if the string cannot be freed then it is released above the stuck point (back-off Ref.3 Drilling Problems) for more detailed information.7. 5. It is then necessary to fish the portion left in the hole. High pressures required to break circulation. Section 5. sidetracking or even abandonment with the associated costs and losses involved. leaving cones. Junk Left In Hole This can be due to bit failures. bearings. 3. teeth etc.1 Fishing Operations General The word “fish” is used to describe any object in the hole that cannot be pulled at will. Section 5. Decrease in pulling loads when circulating.6.4). 5. 5. at the bottom of the hole and a fishing operation is required to recover these before normal drilling operations are resumed. Failure to recover the fish can lead to the well requiring redrilling.
Do not pull more than can be slacked off again going down. the drill string or bit is plugged.7. This type of fishing operation is usually caused by one of the following reasons: 1. the pipe should be worked up and down with a small amount of applied torque. The string should be worked within a safe pressure range in an attempt to establish circulation. If drilling jars are included in the string. 2. the applied pressure should not exceed the fracture gradient of the open hole. After the string is stuck. attempt to free by bumping downwards. never pull too hard into the tight spot. when a drill string sticks. an attempt will be made to determine where the flow is blocked. Generally.3 Preventing Fishing Jobs In order to monitor trends the Driller should fill in an hourly parameter sheet whilst drilling. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 44 of 80 2 12. When the string sticks and the hole cannot be circulated. The primary consideration is to never exceed the yield strength of the drill pipe being used. The initial procedures. mud density. Annular velocity. Drillers should never pull more than the sum total of the string/BHA + normal hole drag or set down more weight than the string down weight less BHA weight (without first notifying the Toolpusher and until the Client's Representative is on the floor). Stop and go down again and work the pipe through the section. Fishing jobs that result from drill string failure should be analysed and operational practices changed in an attempt to avoid reoccurrence. there is a possibility that pressure is being applied to the formation. 5. This will normally determine if the string is free down to the jar and may free the stuck string.03. are to slowly work the string and circulate in an attempt to free the string. If there is a slight bleed off in drill pipe pressure.Routine Drilling Operations 7. viscosity and gel strength are the main factors considered when cuttings are not being carried out of the hole. Drill String Failure Mechanical failures of the drill string are a primary cause of fishing jobs. if the pump pressure locks without bleed off. Improper make-up torque. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Improper drilling practices. they should be immediately tripped. Improper care and/or maintenance of the drill string. In either case. this will allow early detection of impending problems (Ref. A steady increase in pressure while drilling. Improper design of the drill string drilling studies indicate that more than 75% of all fishing operations result from poor hole conditions. Enclosure No 4). 3.99 DOP 202 If tight hole is experienced. This overpull should not be more than 75% of the designed maximum overpull. If the string becomes stuck while being hoisted.
Section 5.1). Points to consider: 8. 9. stuck from object wedging against the string. stuck with hole cuttings. Section 5. Ensure that sufficient mud and mud materials are available.7.99 DOP 202 If annulus is partly of fully blocked. Any equipment that has become undergauge should be removed from service for repair. 5.5 (Drill String) in DOP 206 Maintenance). Proper use of good drilling practices will minimise drill string failures (Ref. Check that all required fishing tools are on the rig. pipe body condition etc. stuck from a cave-in. How is the string stuck? . 7. Make sure that there is fishing equipment suitable on board the rig for the most common tool and hole sizes. 6. Take appropriate precautions to prevent items being dropped in the hole through the use of hole covers. during trips might prevent the piece of equipment being rerun. (Ref. Cross check this with measurements taken in (2). Check that sufficient volumes of pipe freeing chemicals are on board for spotting fluid to free differential stuck pipe. Measure calliper and sketch all fishing tools prior to running into the hole. What was the operation when the problem occurred? 2.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 45 of 80 2 12. It is better to lay any equipment out that may look doubtful than to take a chance and run it in the hole where it might fail. It is important to check these measurements occasionally to monitor any wear that may be occurring downhole. Spot check measurements on hevi-wate and drill pipe to monitor for wear. Vigilance in checking connections. key seating? 10. Be alert to changing hole conditions (Ref. In high angle deviated wells. Prior to pulling on the stuck string the weight indicator system must be checked to ensure its operational capability.4 Fishing Job Preparations 1. Section 5. Where is the free point? G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Check the weight indicator system to ensure its operational capability.03. Analyse circumstances leading to the fishing job and select the most suitable tool for the job. pipe wipers etc. 5.1 Drilling Problems) in DOP 204 Drilling Problems) monitor parameters whilst drilling to determine optimum time to pull and change the bit before failure occurs. hard banding etc. 4. max. 3. pump pressure without breaking down the formation should be used while pulling on the pipe to get out of the hole.Is the string differentially stuck. Make sure that all measurements are taken before drilling tools are run in the hole for the first time. there can be high wear of tool joints.
This helps to clean up around and loosen the fish. What do the drilling charts indicate? 12.These are run if there is some doubt as to the condition of the top of the fish.The first and simplest fishing tools developed. clearances. They cut threads onto the fish to enable the fish to be gripped and pulled. Taps And Dies . more detailed procedures for their operation and capacities may be obtained from their Manufacturers Manuals. enabling drilling fluid to be pumped through the fish. Overshots . If there has been a back-off. to retrieve casing. Impression Blocks .5 Common Fishing Tools These shall be considered in a general way. Their main disadvantage is that they cannot be released except by breaking the tool or stripping the threads. e. Physical appearance of the fish based on failed portion retrieved? 17. 4) G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . They contain a packer which seals around the fish.These grip the fish internally when there are insufficient hole clearances to run an overshot. 3) Spears .99 DOP 202 13. Have similar failures occurred or almost occurred prior to the existing situation? 14. need to check make-up torque on connections whilst running fishing string? 16. They are inexpensive and require virtually no maintenance. Procedures required for particular tools.These are run if the top of the fish has been badly damaged. 1.Routine Drilling Operations 11. They can be released easily.g.These are fishing tools which grip the fish externally. What are the hole characteristics? Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 46 of 80 2 12. They have several useful features: 1) 2) Right hand rotation is used to both engage and disengage the fish. is there a need to circulate etc. 5. Is there a potential well control problem? 18.03. burred or split.? 15. It is then necessary to mill down to a better section of the fish. 2. 19. 3. Hole condition. deviation.7. Methods to release fishing tool if fish cannot be freed. Milling Tools .
5.03. Run with mills and bits to collect milled pieces and small pieces of junk.Routine Drilling Operations 5) Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 47 of 80 2 12. 3. Junk subs.These come in various forms and are used to retrieve small objects such as bit cones.99 DOP 202 Junk Baskets . 5. Run on washpipe in place of the rotary shoe.run to deliver blows to knock the fish free. Flow is then diverted to create a reverse circulating action to carry junk into the tool. 2. Fishing magnets. 4. Most common types are: 6) 7) Poor boy . Primarily used for downhole compensation in place of surface compensator.7. 6. Reverse circulating and core-type. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Safety joints. Internal cutters are used to cut and pull casing. permanent magnets with passageways for drilling fluid to be circulated through them. Reverse circulating action is created by dropping a ball down the string and seating in position on the valve seat. These cut a core from the formation using shoe with hardfaced teeth and then retain it with folding fingers. 8. leaving a minimum of pipe in the hole. Run with rotary shoes to cut a clearance between the fish and the sides of the hole to loosen it. The hole is cleaned and the junk picked up and held by the magnet. Powerful. The use of internal explosive cutters has almost completely replaced inside cutting of drill pipe and tubing. These allow quick release from fishing and washover strings should they become stuck. Cutters. These are used to fish broken wireline from the hole. External cutters are a last resort when a stuck drill pipe string can only be removed by cutting it into manageable lengths. incapable of removing objects embedded in hard formations. Wireline grapples. 7.tube with fingers cut in the lower end. Jars and accelerators .6 Miscellaneous Tools 1. dropped objects etc. Washpipe. Bumper subs can be run to enable blows to be delivered to knock the fish free or to release the overshot.
Spare arrestor. 7. A copy of this telex is to be sent to Operator’s office. 10. The OIM should schedule BOP. All personnel should be made aware of test expectations and restrictions imposed during testing. fire. All required H2S equipment is to be onboard and tested. An adequate volume of properly weighted mud should be available. 8. ill conceived approach may make an already bad situation worse. Fire hoses should be laid out in the vicinity of the burners and surface testing equipment.Routine Drilling Operations 5. over-revving system and diesel leak automatic shut down system should be installed on the mobile air compressor.8 Well Testing Operations 5.9 Preparations General Preparations The following preparations should be carried out on the rig in advance of the test: 1. 5. 5. and H2S drill prior to the testing. Fire extinguishers should be placed close to the surface equipment. remote shut down system. The OIM should schedule a safety meeting with the whole crew prior to the test. Hazardous areas should be clearly marked off. A hasty. 11. responsibilities and contingency measures are fully understood.99 DOP 202 It is important to approach a fishing problem in a thoughtful and controlled manner. The standby boat and helicopter base should be advised that the test is about to commence. 4. helicopters. The OIM and Clients Representative should notify the RCC by telex that the test is commencing. 2. welding radio use. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .7 Summary Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 48 of 80 2 12. 12. Clients Representative and Testing Engineer should hold a pre-test meeting attended by all parties concerned with the test to ensure that the expected course of events.7.e. The OIM.03. Time spent thinking about possible problems that could be encountered will be time well spent. 9. Dispersion chemicals should be stored on standby boat. use of cranes over well test area etc. i. if used. The BOP stack should be tested. 6. 3.
7. Check all handling equipment required: elevators. The separator flowmeter should be calibrated by pumping water through them into the flowtank. The cooling sprays on the burners and rig should be checked and any plugged jets cleared. 5. 2.Routine Drilling Operations Preparations In Advance Of The Test 1. The burner ignition system should be checked. Test Programme and Well Test Supervisor on board for items/procedures required). 11. Surface lines. 9. Tally same and prepare running order. 13. The packer should be checked to ensure that it is correctly made up for the size and weight of casing in which it is to be set. 10. 6.99 DOP 202 All surface lines. subsea test tree valves and lubricator valve should be checked. The wireline lubricator and its assembly on the surface test tree should be checked and pressure tested. ID and threads of all downhole test tools should be checked and a tally of the test string made. outlets. gas heater. 8. lubricator valve. • G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . switches shall be checked in the general area of the well test units. • • Check that well test equipment layout conforms to plan submitted and approved by certifying authority. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 49 of 80 2 12. hangers and gauge dimensions should be checked to ensure that they will locate correctly in the carriers. The separator controls to be checked. 3. subsea test tree and surface test tree should be pressure tested. Gauges. All electrical lights. Lay out. separator with its relief valve. the separator and flow-tank should be flushed with water.03. The dimensions of the subsea test tree and slick joint should be checked to ensure that the tree will locate correctly in the wellhead and BOP. The lengths. Ensure that correct crossovers are available on the rig floor to enable stab-in valve to be used for well control. The actuation of downhole valves should be checked. The activation of the surface test tree safety valve. safety clamps. choke manifold. OD. crossovers etc. lift subs. Ensure fishing equipment available for fishing test tools and tubing used. measure and drift testing string (Ref. 12. 4. slips. Relief valve will not have to be lifted if calibrated on shore just prior to job and witnessed by Certifying Authorities.
3. the string should be brought to rest gradually before setting the slips. Well Test Programme). All pressure testing to be carried out as per the Company pressure testing safety procedures. Monitor well on trip tank and keep trip sheet. Section 5. 6. Ensure that hoses are spotted where additional cooling might be required. 7. Rig up and test all rigside cooling systems for use during flaring of hydrocarbons.1). 8. Meeting to be held with OIM. Equipment 1. 5. 4. 2.Routine Drilling Operations • Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 50 of 80 2 12. Handle long test tools. In order to prevent pressure surges inside the string which may affect the tools. Carry out training and drills to ensure proper response by emergency teams and non essential personnel mustering. Check that subsea test tree and slick joint dimensions are correct for wellhead/BOP space-out. • • • • • 5. draft and implement any specific procedures required.2 Running D. Ensure slips are set and hole covered when installing downhole gauges. Ensure well test area deluge systems (where fitted) have been tested. Check all remote control stations (where fitted). This may be confirmed using a “Dummy Run” (Ref.99 DOP 202 Well test equipment to be tested as per Well Test Programme and Well Testing Company Procedures to satisfy requirements of Certifying Authority. Senior Toolpusher. Fill test string with required cushion and pressure test string at intervals specified in the Well Test Programme. Control running in speeds when running packers and be alert for these tools setting inadvertently during RIH. It is also important to ensure that the string does not rotate whilst making up connections. Procedures will be given in Specific Well Test Programme.S. Hold a crew safety brief.8.T. Handle drill collars etc. subsea test tree and surface tree joint as per BHA Procedures (Ref. then ensure that equipment and contingency procedure are ready. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Well Test Supervisor and all parties concerned with the testing to discuss.03. In areas where there may be H 2S at surface during flow periods.1). Operator’s Drilling Supervisor. Make-up of well test tools will be supervised by their Service Engineers. Test all remote shutdown systems ensure that responsible personnel are briefed on operation of these. Observe Pressure Testing Safety Procedures. Section 5. as per BHA procedures (Ref.
Pressure test same as per Well Test Programme. If more than one test to be carried out. During flaring operations. 5.g. During well test. test choke manifold.3 Pulling DST String 1. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 51 of 80 2 12. carry out regular inspections of likely “Hot Spots” and apply additional cooling where it may be required. 3. Use glycol/water mix for flushing surface equipment to minimise problems due to hydrates. 13.8. Ensure that rig stability criteria have been considered. Proceed as per Well Test Programme. These can grip the tubing in the wrong position (particularly when picking up from mousehole) and then allow the tubing to slip down once it has swung to vertical while Floorman is removing pin end protector. 17. Check that all equipment is protected from water damage (where applicable) and close off any intakes or exhausts to prevent water ingress. Kill well as per Well Test Programme. manriding winches when 16. Well test/well kill. Ensure that installation cooling is running before flaring hydrocarbons. Ensure that the well is closed in with 2 barriers when rigging up wireline equipment (BOPs and lubricator).1).03. 12. 2.Routine Drilling Operations 9. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Driller to be aware of position of tools across BOPs. check mud/brine kill fluid in pits to ensure proper weight maintained and that there is adequate volume to kill the well. then DST string will probably be racked in derrick. 15. inside box girders. Section 5. riser tensioners and DDM hydraulic pipework on derrick leg. Ensure that good communications are established between rig floor. rig columns. 18. Ensure that well is flow checked after unseating/pulling out of packer. 14. separator etc. Inform Toolpusher and Operator’s Drilling Supervisor immediately if well taking incorrect volumes. Lay out surface tree as per BHA procedures (Ref. check joints left on deck or in derrick before picking up/running subsea test tree. Monitor well on trip tank and keep trip sSheet. Ensure surface lines and equipment completely flushed to burners if test programme completed.99 DOP 202 Tally string as it is run. 10. 11. Observe safe working practices for installing/removing wireline equipment. 4. Ensure that “YC” (slip type) elevators engage the tubing in the correct location. Hold meeting prior to well kill to verify procedures to be used. e.
Check all handling equipment required: 1.9. for use with corrosive completion fluids (R. Monitor well on trip tank and keep trip sheet. safety clamps etc. mud pits etc. Remove protectors. crossovers. Ensure slips are set and hole covered when removing downhole gauges. number and measure same and make up tally. Use safety clamp with slick tools and until sufficient string weight is present to set slips securely. as required to handle completion fluids e.03.Drift tubing. Flush surface manifolds. Operator’s Drilling and Completion Supervisors). clean and inspect threads (this will usually be done by Inspection Engineer). lift subs. • • • • 2. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . weighted brines etc. These may grip tubing in the wrong position (particularly when picking up from mousehole) and then allow the tubing joint to slip down once it has swung into a vertical position while Floorman is removing pin protector.Routine Drilling Operations 5. filter treated sea water. 5. Ensure that crossovers are available on the rig floor to enable stab-in valve to be used for well control.1 Well Completion/Workover Operations Preparations • Lay out tubing. chemical data sheets supplied). Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 52 of 80 2 12. Ensure fishing equipment available for fishing completion tools and tubing in use.9.99 DOP 202 Take care when breaking DST downhole tools as sections may contain fluids at bottom hole pressures. barrier creams etc.2 Running Completions • • • • • Run completion as per completion programme (Ref. measure and prepare completion tools. Ensure that “YC” (slip type) elevators engage on tubing in proper location. slips. Handle long completion assemblies as per BHA handling procedures.g. Install and hook-up filtration equipment as required by completion programme. ensure that Service Engineers are on the rig floor to supervise these operations. lines. ref. Elevators. Lay out. Position and hook up HPUs and hose reels required for control of xmas trees and wireline BOPS. Check that there are adequate supplies of protective work gear.9 5. 5.
4. If possible get Coil Tubing Supervisor(s) onboard rig before equipment arrives and then equipment can be spotted straight into position as it comes aboard from the supply boat.99 DOP 202 Observe handling procedures for special tubing strings e.g. 2. Coil Tubing Company Supervisor(s) to discuss operations and equipment involved. Items to consider: 1. downhole safety valve(s) as per Well Completion Programme.9. (Ref. Any lifts required close to wireline should only be carried out following discussion between: Senior Toolpusher.3 Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 53 of 80 2 12. 5. Operator’s Supervisors (Drilling and Completion) Wireline Engineer and Crane Operator. Control running speed to prevent inadvertent setting of packers. Restrict Crane Operations during wireline work to avoid collision between load and wireline rigged up in V-Door. Ensure that 2 barriers are closed and pressure bled off before opening wireline lubricator to change out tools. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Positioning of tubing reel and injector head to enable tubing to be installed before moving injector head to floor.4 Coil Tubing/Acidising Operations Hold meeting between Senior Toolpusher. 7.03. Commissioning And Wireline Work 1. OIM. 3. Well Completion Programme/Operators Procedures). Observe the Company pressure testing procedures. Test tubing hanger valves. Ensure surface equipment. 3. Observe the Company Pressure Testing Safety Procedures. wireline riser. 5. Pressure test completion as per Well Completion Programme. moving rig off location etc. wireline lubricator and BOPs are flushed to remove hydrocarbons before breaking and rigging down equipment. Observe the Company Safe Working with Man Riding Winch Procedures when installing/removing wireline BOPs and lubricator on surface flowtree. Rig up and procedures to use when moving injector head complete with tubing fitted to rig floor and then into working position on tubing BOPs and surface flowtree. Clearance for bringing equipment through V-Door. Observe safety procedures required when pulling BOPs and installing xmas tree e.g. 2. This type of lift should only be done when wireline tools are out of the hole and the well is secure. 6.Routine Drilling Operations • • • 5. Operator’s Drilling Supervisor.9. tubing with high chrome content as per Well Completion Programme.
Installations Operations Manual). 5. Check that personnel assigned to any standby/clean up duty have appropriate personal protection. Check that all necessary equipment and tools are sent out. Check that all cutting/abandonment tools are according to service companies specifications. 6. During acidising operations. Hold safety meeting with Senior Toolpusher. Deck Crew and Stimulation Engineers before acidising operations. rubber boots. Operator’s Supervisor(s). Ensure that all surface lines for pumping acid. Ensure that contingency plans prepared for acid spill/leak at high pressure lines and check that communication systems are in place for rapid shutdown of pumping operations. Check crossovers to contractors equipment. 9. rope off substructure area and keep personnel clear in case of acid spillage from rig floor. and maintaining escape routes. • • 5.03. nitrogen etc. on surface flowtree. are fitted with safety wires/chains. 7. Observe pressure testing procedures when testing same. Drill Crew.10 5. acid resistant chemical suits.10.10. 12. Operator’s Drilling and Stimulation Supervisors. tanks etc.1 Well Suspension Or Abandonment Preparations • Ensure that sufficient cement additives to complete the abandonment programme are on-board. Ensure that the wireline companies equipment is compatible with mechanical plugs to be used.2 General Procedures G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . 8. It would be beneficial to have plasticised sheet posted in Dog House for valve status to be updated by Driller.99 DOP 202 Positioning of pumps. gloves and face visors. for allowable deckload (Ref. 11. Check that any medical kits for treatment of acid burns are ready and available close to the operation. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 54 of 80 2 12. Urgent lifts close to the tubing should only be carried out following discussion between: Senior Toolpusher. especially for workovers. 10. Restrict crane operations when coil tubing in use to avoid collision between load and tubing. This type of operation should only be carried out when coil tubing is out of the hole and NOT under pressure. Lay out and test water hoses in all areas where acids are being pumped.Routine Drilling Operations 4. Isolating areas around acid tanks etc. Observe Safe Working with Man Riding Winch Procedures when installing/removing Tubing BOPs etc. Coil Tubing Supervisor and Crane Operator. 5.
000 psi) differential pressure. these will normally be set on wireline. 6. Cement Squeezing 1. identify and dump any cement contamination. 2. 5.Routine Drilling Operations Open Hole/Cased Hole Plugging • • • • • • Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 55 of 80 2 12.03. Run in hole with cement stinger on drill pipe and sting into retainer. identify and dump any cement contamination. If open hole below the deepest casing. Pull OEDP out of cement plug slowly. Displace cement with mud. Installation Of Mechanical Plugs Mechanical plugs will be used when squeezing of perforations and at casing shoe when the condition of the formation makes cementing across the shoe difficult. Run in hole with open ended drill pipe (OEDP) to depth of bottom of the plug to be set. 4. bleed off and pull out of the retainer and dump the remaining cement on top of the retainer. (Hold sufficient back pressure to prevent the cement u-tubing out of the pipe. 3. Do not rotate pipe. 9.) Sting back in. mix cement. Carry out injectivity test. holding annulus pressure and squeeze according to abandonment programme. Pressure test surface lines to maximum expected pressure. 7. and displace cement to stinger. the top of the plug across the casing shoe shall be tagged. Pull out of the cement and reverse circulate. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . Reverse circulate drill pipe clear of cement. Have enough weight (HWDP) to prevent pumping stinger out of packer. Set balanced cement plug to fill length of hole as required in abandonment programme. Close BOP (spherical) and pressure up annulus to 500 psi (34. Circulate and condition mud until in balance. load tested and pressure tested to 70 bar (1. Pressure test plug against shear rams once wireline is out of the hole. 8. After completion of the squeeze. Bleed off annulus pressure and strip out of the retainer.5 bar) to check for packer leaks. Run cement retainer and set above perforations.99 DOP 202 Open hole plugs longer than 300m (990 ft) should not be set in one step. Perforate zone to be squeezed.
99 DOP 202 G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .03.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 56 of 80 2 12.
5. The casings must be cut at least 5m (17 ft) below the seabed. When a well is abandoned.03. Close upper pipe ram above and middle pipe ram below a tool joint. A corrosion cap shall be placed on the wellhead. Install pump in sub and wireline BOP on top of drillpipe. Set cement and mechanical plugs as per programme. circulate gas out through choke manifold. Abandonment Temporary Abandonment In the case requirements. Install a line from standpipe manifold to the pump in sub. Run 5" DP through wellhead. The 20" and 30" casing are cut and retrieved after retrieving the BOP and riser. of temporary abandonment there are certain additional A mechanical bridge plug shall be placed in the smallest string of casing which extends to the ocean floor. 5. 4. at a depth of 200 .99 DOP 202 Perforating to be carried out according to the abandonment programme. The cutting operation will be executed primarily using mechanical cutting tool. 4. Pull BOPs as per Company Procedures.10.300m (660 ft . 6. 3. 5.985 ft) below the ocean floor. Permanent Abandonment Casing Cutting And Retrieving • Cutting and retrieving of casings shall not be done unless a check for pressure behind the casing has been carried out. Pressure test the system to maximum expected pressure.3 Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 57 of 80 2 12. 3. • G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . If gas should be encountered when perforating. 2.Routine Drilling Operations Perforating For Squeezing/Checking For Pressure 1. parts of the casing string and other installations extending above the seabed will be removed. 1. The 9-5/8" and 13-3/8" casing are cut and retrieved before retrieving the BOP and riser. 2. Cut/retrieve guidelines. Run perforating gun to required depth. 7. 8.
000 lbs. Rotate the cutting string. • The explosive cutting container must be completely filled each time to give an instantaneous explosion and. Let the cutter knives expand by applying pump pressure. The 20" and 30" casing can be cut in one run and retrieved along with the PGB by using the 20" casing spear. By using this figure and consulting the vendors data charts.03. therefore.e. it is difficult to vary the charge beyond the specified value i. For example. thus reducing the pulse energy transmitting upwards. Watch for signals indicating that the knives have cut through the casing. Pull out of the hole with the cutting assembly. the safe stand-off is 233 ft.99 DOP 202 Run in hole with the casing cutter to the desired depth. 6. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .e. Explosive Cutting PRECAUTIONS WHEN USING EXPLOSIVES FOR CASING CUTTING AND WELLHEAD RECOVERY. Below are listed various points that must be considered and adhered to in any explosive cutting operation. • • NOTE: • The charge can vary up to a maximum equivalent of 50 lbs of TNT. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 58 of 80 2 12. In all cases the running string has ballast/shock attenuators that are run into the wellhead above the charge. Below this water depth explosive cutting on location is not approved. Stena Drilling Limited limits the free field pressure (i. fully deballasted condition) is added. 7. The graphs show free field overpressure at the hull due to the explosion/against safe stand-off. 5. Vendors provide reasonably comprehensive data file and graphs showing measured pressures taken during field operations. Run in the hole with casing spear and retrieve the casing string. a minimum water depth at which explosive cutters can be used is obtained. the required safe stand-off can be obtained. 2. 4. 3. dynamic loading) on the hull due to explosion to 50 psi. Winch operators should be positioned as required to retrieve guidelines. using the smallest effective charge which is 27 lbs.e. Land out marine swivel in w/head with 10. and when the transit draft (i. 27 lbs and 35 lbs equivalent TNT. It is beneficial to size these ballast chambers as close to the minimum casing dimensions as possible.Routine Drilling Operations Mechanical Cutting 1.
the mud line is considered to be at the wellhead. The OIM and the Senior Toolpusher should themselves check all measurements when running the charge into the wellhead.) surrounding the wellhead. In all but really deep water and when there is any doubt about mud dampening etc. to ensure that the charge is set off 15 . The explosive cuttings charge must be placed at least 15 ft. The type of granular material (mud. The number of strings of casing (the more strings present the lower the pressure). simultaneously increasing the stand-off.99 DOP 202 The safe stand-off is the distance in feet from the mud line to the bottom of the hull pontoon. 5. 4. Presence of inversion layers (temperature differentials). 6. In cases where cratering has occurred or the sea bed is eroded away. 8. 2. 9.Routine Drilling Operations 1.20 ft below the mud line as defined in point 3. When calculating the safe stand-off. The salinity of the water. The heave of the rig must be considered and allowance made to ensure that the locating collar or wellhead cover/shock attenuator is not lifted off. 10. and as much as 20 ft below the mud line. The factors affecting this pressure on the hull are: 3. The mud line is the seabed. The water depth and draft constraints are as follows: Charge (equiv TNT) 27 lbs 35 lbs Min Water Depth Draft (ft) (ft) 255 287 22 22 Safe Stand off (ft) 233 265 G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . but in this case it must be taken as the point at which the mud completely surrounds the wellhead/casing. to reduce as much as possible the pressure on the hull.03. Depth of charge in the wellhead. the rig should be de-ballasted to reduce the hydrostatic pressure on the hull. 11. 7. simultaneously lifting the charge higher in the wellhead. the draft of the rig should be subtracted from the water depth. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 59 of 80 2 12. gravel etc.
If sea floor conditions permit the area around the wellhead location will be overtrawled with a special trawl. the shore base should be consulted. the Rig Manager must be contacted as soon as it is known that explosive cutting is planned. Drawings A detailed drawing should be prepared showing all cement and mechanical plugs placed in the hole.11 5. When considering peak pressure. Should circumstances arise that are not covered by the above guidance notes. In any event. 2.03. This inspection shall be recorded on video tape. 3. Retrieving guide bases using explosives only to be performed when mechanical cutting has failed or where hard formations have caused problems with retrieval after mechanical cutting.99 DOP 202 For water depths up to 500 ft the draft must be as near as possible to 22 ft. If cutting by explosives. For water depths greater than 500 ft the explosive cutting operation may be performed at any draft. the free field overpressure must not exceed 50 psi. Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 60 of 80 2 12. 5.11. a detailed drawing of the wellhead and associated equipment.1 Directional Drilling Operations General G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . The safe stand-off for the various values of charges can then be read from the graph.Routine Drilling Operations NOTE: 1. If trawling is not carried out. Sea Bed Inspection Before retrieving the wellhead and the guide-base the area around the location will be visually inspected using the ROV. consider the effects of underwater explosion on rig structure and equipment such as hydrophones etc. When the wellhead equipment is secured in the moonpool the ROV will make a final inspection of the sea bed around the location. a side scan sonar shall be run to locate the position of possible lost objects. and in addition where a temporary abandonment is being carried out.
Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 61 of 80 2 12. In this case. the responsibility for planning the well path and monitoring the progress of the same during drilling will be with the Operator and the Operator’s Representatives offshore and onshore. The following are guidelines to assist in development of well specific safety procedures during well planning and implementation. It may however be the case that the well is being drilled as an “Integrated Service” package with all directional drilling services being provided by or subcontracted by the Company.99 DOP 202 During directional drilling operations on platforms and templates. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . In the majority of cases. there exists the chance of the well being drilled intersecting with existing wells. greater responsibility will be placed on the Company drilling personnel.03.
99 DOP 202 Prior to the start of any well. The directional drilling plan for the well is to be discussed including the following topics: 1.Routine Drilling Operations 5.3 Responsibilities Drilling Supervisor The Drilling Supervisor (appointed by Operator/Company . 2.03. Directional Driller(s). the Drilling Supervisor is to conduct a pre-spud meeting. Meetings should be held regularly to ensure that all personnel directly involved with carrying out the directional drilling plan remain fully informed.dependent on well contract type: normal or integrated service) has overall responsibility for correct implementation of directional drilling procedures that have been developed as part of the Well Programme. Directional Drilling Procedures and surveying requirements that will be used to maintain adequate well to well separation.11. Directional Driller The Directional Driller is responsible for drilling the well according to the Well Programme. Wells which may be approached and any planned safety plugging programme. 4. Personnel to attend meeting: • The following should attend the meeting: 1. 5.2 Directional Drilling Pre-Spud Meeting Topics To Be Discussed Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 62 of 80 2 12. He is to liaise with all responsible personnel during the drilling operation to ensure compliance with directional drilling safety procedures. Directional Surveyor(s). 3. 4. 3. Potential well control problems. 5. • Drilling Supervisor(s) and Drilling Engineer(s).11. He is to liaise with all personnel during the drilling operation. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . He is to ensure that the Drilling Supervisor is kept informed of all directional drilling matters. Well Logger(s). 2. This is especially critical following a crew or tour change. Toolpusher(s) and Driller(s). Individual personnel responsibilities.
30 ft This method of calculating RE will be valid for all locations. The subject well will be taken to be the planned or drilling well.99 DOP 202 The Directional Driller is also responsible for performing directional survey calculations. the calculated RE at total depth would be given by: RE = ((8500 .0) ÷ 1000 = 48. Radius Of Error The directional drilling safety limits discussed in this section are based on the definition of a radius of error equivalent to 6 ft/1000 ft of measured depth below the seabed. This assumes a radius of error at the seabed equivalent to zero.03.0 ft/1000 ft MD BSB where RE = 0 at the seabed. Directional Surveyor/MWD Operator These personnel are to take directional surveys as required by the Well Programme or as directed by the Directional Driller and Drilling Supervisor. Distance of approach calculations (Normal Plane Scan. proximity checks and ensuring that correct survey correction factors are applied to each survey in accordance with Well Programme requirements. Well Loggers The mud loggers are to carry out independent directional survey calculations using correct survey correction factors as detailed in the Well Programme. Distance Of Approach The distance of approach between two wells will be defined as the three dimensional distance from a point on the planned or drilling well to the closest point on an adjoining well path. Example: Well drilled to 8500 ft MD RT at a location where distance from rotary table to seabed is 450 ft (RT SB = 450 ft). They are to ensure that correct survey correction factors are applied to each survey in accordance with Well Programme requirements. Conflict between these requirements and the Operator’s requirements will be resolved at Well Planning Meetings prior to preparation and approval of Drilling Programme. These calculations are only to be used to check the accuracy of calculations as carried out by the Directional Driller and Surveyors.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 63 of 80 2 12. This will enable directional survey calculations to be checked for accuracy.450) x 6. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . 3-D Scan) require considerable repetitive mathematical calculations and so are performed by the use of a computer. with the object well being an existing offset well. This is regarded as a minimum by the Company to maintain safe separation of wells and protect the installation during the drilling operations. Therefore One RE = 6.
Requires special precautions and approval. No special precautions other than planned directional survey frequency and distance of approach calculations. Follow approved plan and proceed with extreme caution. Plug/depressurise wells as required. Evaluate critical wells (particularly producing wells).99 DOP 202 As a drilling well begins to approach critical wells.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 64 of 80 2 12.4 Directional Drilling Safety Precautions In order to minimise the potential for well collisions the following precautions should be closely adhered to by field personnel. Temporarily plug/depressurise all endangered wells prior to time of anticipated close approach. Depth above 2000 ft MD BSB Distance of Approach > 3 RE Required Precautions No special precautions other than planned directional survey frequency and distance of approach calculations. Continued drilling requires special precautions and approval. Any amendment or deviation from these guidelines must be approved by the installation Rig Manager. Inform OIMs on the installation and platform. Consult with shorebase regarding plan of action.03. Follow approved plan and proceed with extreme caution. Stop drilling. Stop drilling. Inform OIMs on the installation and platform.11. Guidelines for determining acceptable well separation distances are given in the following Sections. 2 RE to 3 RE < 2 RE Below 2000 ft MD BSB > 3 RE 2 RE to 3 RE < 2 RE G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . 5. Consult with shorebase regarding plan of action. distance of approach calculations are to be performed at each survey station with the result compared to the allowable minimum well separation for the current drilled depth.
Type of well being approached (production/injection).11.03. Length of close approach.99 DOP 202 Determination Of Whether To Temporarily Plug Endangered Wells Above 2000 ft MD BSB Every existing well that falls within 3 RE of a planned or well being drilled should be examined to see if it should be temporarily plugged prior to drilling through the interval of close approach. Drilling method (rotary vs. Inform OIMs of plans for subsequent operations. 2.6 Determination Of Whether To Temporarily Plug Endangered Wells Below 2000 ft MD BSB Endangered wells are to be temporarily plugged when the centre to centre distance (in 3-dimensions) between the object well and the planned or actual well is expected to be 3 RE or less. Notify OIM on the installation and/or Platform that drilling well has contravened 2 RE separation rule and that drilling has stopped whilst shorebase management is consulted.11.5 Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 65 of 80 2 12.11. 5. Factors to consider when examining the possible intersection of an existing well by another include: 1.7 Procedure To Halt Drilling . Quality and accuracy of directional surveys. 5. 4. Well depth. 4. 3.Routine Drilling Operations 5. A well that will be approached within 3 RE should be plugged ahead of the time that the close approach will occur. drilling is to halt and the following procedure followed: 1.All Depths In the event that the centre to centre distance (in 3-dimensions) between the drilling well and an existing offset well is 2 RE or less. 3. Any further drilling must be approved by the Rig Manager. 5. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . mud motor/steerable assy). Stop drilling. If installation is drilling over a subsea template then the Platform OIM responsible for production operations on that template should be informed. Consult with shorebase management regarding future programme. 2. Circulate hole clean and work pipe.
the following guidelines must be implemented: 1. 2. very slow Rate of Penetration. No mud motors are to be used for drilling.9 Calculate the radius of error in the drilling well at the depth of closest approach.99 DOP 202 The RE used to calculate this distance is to be determined using the depth of closest approach in the drilling (subject) well. the 2 RE calculation is to be modified slightly to account for the greater degree of borehole uncertainty in the object well.Routine Drilling Operations Measured Depth Exceed 500 ft Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 66 of 80 2 12. erratic rotary speed. This number is identified as RE o. abnormal string vibration are detected then drilling is to be stopped immediately. Endangered well is to be closely monitored at all times. Directional surveys are to be taken at least every 30 ft. If any abnormal drilling conditions such as.11. 4. 2. Drilling Fluid returns from the well are to be closely monitored for steel cuttings and abnormal flow conditions. Calculate the radius of error in the object well at the depth of closest approach. the 2 RE calculation is to be performed as follows: 1. 5. Calculate the 2 RE distance as follows: RE = RES + REo.03. 3.0 REFERENCES None. 3. This number is identified as RE S. G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 . When this difference in measured depth exceeds 500 ft. 6. Under these circumstances. excessive rotary torque. Drilling parameters such as rotary torque and rate of penetration are to be closely monitored. 4. Safe Drilling Practices For Distance Of Approach Less Than 2 RE For drilling to proceed when the centre to centre (3-dimensional) is 2 RE or less. However in certain cases the measured depth of the object well (the well being approached by the drilling well) may be significantly greater than the measured depth in the drilling well.
99 DOP 202 Bottom Hole Assembly Sheet (QA Documented Form 032) Trip Sheet (QA Documented Form 033) Casing Checklists for 30” (QA Documented Form 034 Page 1) Casing Checklists for 20” (QA Documented Form 034 Page 2) Casing Checklists for 13.Routine Drilling Operations 7.03.3/8” (QA Documented Form 034 Page 3) Casing Checklists for 9-5/8” (QA Documented Form 034 Page 4) Drilling Parameters (QA Documented Form 035) G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .0 ENCLOSURES Enclosure 1 Enclosure 2 Enclosure 3 Enclosure 4 Enclosure 5 Enclosure 6 Enclosure 7 Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 67 of 80 2 12.
03.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 68 of 80 2 12.99 DOP 202 Enc 1 Enclosure No 1 BOTTOM HOLE ASSEMBLY SHEET G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .
Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 69 of 80 2 12.Rev 1 Page 1 of 1 .Bottom Hole Assembly . G:\Management Library\Forms\Offshore\QA Documented Forms\032 .03.99 DOP 202 Enc 1 Bottom Hole Assembly FOR: ______________ WELL NO: _____________OPERATOR: ________DATE: _____ QTY DESCRIPTION THREADS LENGTH CUMULATIVE LENGTH OD ID FN FT SER NO REMARKS BHA TOTAL LENGTH: ______ WEIGHT BELOW JARS: ______ BHA TOTAL WEIGHT: ______ MUD WEIGHT: ______ SIGNATURE DRILLER ……………………………….
03.99 DOP 202 Enc 2 Enclosure No 2 TRIP SHEET G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 70 of 80 2 12.
...2 15..... CAP Signature ..99 DOP 202 Enc 2 Trip Sheet DATE:………………………... ACTIVE PIT VOLUME:………………..... END TRIP TIME: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8” DC STD NOS TRIP TANK RDS ACT VOL USED THEO VOL USED DRY 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 5..8 45..9 51....7 40. 5” HWDP:BBLS/FT BBLS/FT 6½” DC:BBLS/FT BBLS/FT 8” DC:BBLS/FT BBLS/FT 9½” DC:BBLS/FT BBLS/FT Driller DISP.... …………… 5” DP STD NOS TRIP TANK RDNG ACT VOL USED BBLS THEO 5” VOL HWPD STD USED NOS DRY TRIP TANK RDNG ACT THEO VOL VOL USED USED DRY 6........ WELL NO:……………………... CAP DISP. G:\Management Library\Forms\Offshore\QA Documented Forms\033 .....1 10..3 20. ………… DEPTH:………………………. CAP DISP.5” DC STD NO TRIP TANK RDNG ACT VOL USED THEO VOL USED DRY START TRIP TIME: START OF TRIP:……………………… END OF TRIP:………………………….Rev 1 Page 1 of 1 .........5 30..Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 71 of 80 2 12.....0 5” DP:BBLS/FT DISP... CAP DISP........03..6 35....Trip Sheet ..4 25.
03.99 DOP 202 Enc 3 Enclosure No 3 CHECKLIST FOR 30” CASING G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 72 of 80 2 12.
Leg Bolts Etc.G.Check Spear Size. (Elect) Check Level Of Slope Indicator On P.G. Posts Anti .G.B.P.CHECK LIST FOR 30” CASING ITEM LOCATION T. Spares Check Float Shoe Paint 2 Ft Marks Black/White On Shoe Joint & W/Hd. Cementing Calculations Checked Casing .B.B.P.Ring Seals. Fill Up Line D. Length Of Wire On Cellar Deck Tuggers T.V.Adaptor Jaw To Suit 5 In D.Check Out & Paint 200 Sacks Of Sacked Barite Angle Iron For Anti Rotation Piles 1/2 In Rope & Shackles (Length 49 In Rope Eye To Eye) Beacons Charged And Ready Length Of Wire On Guide Line Tens..B.B.Rotation Device Fitted To 30 In Conductor Check Support Pads Welded To 30 In Conductor Eyes Welded To Shoe Joint With Soft Line & Shackles Check Wellhead Dimensions Squnch Joint Lock Blocks & O.G. . Go Devil & Clock Bit Guide & Sheave Assembly To Run Same P.Check O.Rev 2 Page 1 of 1 . Tallied & Numbered Rabbit Bumber Subs If Used Circulating Head With Lo-Torque Isolating V/V. To Guide Line Position Check Position Of Beacon Carrier On P. Check 30 Ins Running Slings & Shackles Paint Numbers On P. Blocks & Check Operation “J” Tool Painted To Show Engage/Disengaged Totco Survey . Beacon Arm.G. Camera On Wt. Cleaned. Check Orientation P. C/W Guide Posts.G.Checklist for 30” Casing . Elevators Length Of Running String Wire Brush And Oil Paint 26 Ins Bit Press Up Drill String Compensator Cut & Slip Drill Line If Required Remarks : CHECKED G:\Management Library\Forms\Offshore\QA Documented Forms\034 .B.Rings With Spares Squnch Joint Releasing Tool Or Releasing Bolts Stinger Assembly (Make Up If Possible) Running Tool For W/Hd.Measured.
Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 74 of 80 2 12.99 DOP 202 Enc 4 Enclosure No 4 CHECKLIST FOR 20” CASING G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .03.
Nails Etc.Measured.) Hand Slips 26 Segments Safety Clamps Master Bushings Power Tongs Run & Checked Torque Gauge For Tongs Checked Spares For Tongs. Pins (With Paint) Side Door Elevators (Check On 20 Ins Csg. Cleaned. Soft Lines & Shackles Check Float Collar & Shoe (Note Thread Connection) Csg.. Head With Lo.. G:\Management Library\Forms\Offshore\QA Documented Forms\034 . To Release Running Tool Fill Up Line Stabbing Board Check List To Complete Derrick Belt And Safety Line Endless Spinning Rope Cmt. Tallied.. Stripes) Check Running Tool (Threads & O Rings) Stinger Assembly Make Up To R. Dies..Elev.P.T. Jaws Casing Clampons (Check Latch) Tongs Make Up & Break Out With Snub Lines Pick Up Line Jaw For 5 Ins D. Weld Eyes To Shoe Joint. Rollers. Att. Numbered Centralisers. Remarks : CHECKED Stick Up …………….. For Stinger If Req.Checklist for 20” Casing . Mark Position Of Triangle On Csg.P. Circ.CHECK LIST FOR 20” CASING ITEM LOCATION Check Dimensions Of Wellhead Check Lock Ring Of Wellhead Paint Wellhead & Shoe Joint (2 Ft.Rev 2 Page 1 of 1 .…………… Land String Lgth .…………… Cementing Calculations Checked ……………. Inspected. Torque Isolating V\V Tailing In Rope Well Head Casing Stack Test Tool Casing Spear Casing Circulating Head Wire Brush (2 Off) & Bucket Of Diesel Flash Light With Safety String Bucket Of Barite Casing Thread Dope & Brush Chin Straps On Rig Crew Safety Helmets Dist Rkb To Land Off Point . Stop Rings. & W/Head If Possible Slotted Beam & Spare D.
99 DOP 202 Enc 5 Enclosure No 5 CHECKLIST FOR 13-3/8” CASING G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .03.Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 76 of 80 2 12.
Rental . Running Tool Assy Made Up Seal Assy. Head And/Or Water Bushing (Check Thread Type) Company Power Tong Dressed 13-3/8 Ins & Checked Tor. Rental Serial No. After Csg Job Cut And Slip Drilling Line If Required Pull 18¾In .Rating Operational Check Safety Slings - G:\Management Library\Forms\Offshore\QA Documented Forms\034 .CHECK LIST FOR 13-3/8” CASING Pooh Last Bit .Conn. Gauge For Above Jaws For Tongs & Spare Hinge Pins For Fitting Same Tong Snub Line Single Joint Elevators Tried For Fit Slings. Does It Fit Through Elevators CMT.Checklist for 13 3/8” Casing . Checked Wear Bushing Checked Cup Tester Checked Float Shoe Inspected & Made Up (Set Autofill If Fitted) Float Collar Inspected & Made Up Spare Float & Shoe Joints To Be Bakerlocked . Csg Measured.Cleaned & Taped Up On Deck Centralisers & Stop Rings Made Up And Fitted To Accessible Joints On Deck Spare Casing Collars Casing Clampons Checked Casing Cmt. Pups.Collars To Be Accessible For Setting S/Assy. Certification Check Power Elevators .Lock Ring Required? Csg Hanger Running Tool Checked Hanger. Opt.Rev 2 Page 1 of 2 . & Drifted (Size) Hanger Checked . Tallied.Rating Operational Check Safety Slings Air Connections And Extension Hose Side Door Elevators Rating Tried For Fit Condition Company Rental - Serial No. Chain & Shackles Condition Company Serial No.Type Make Up Torque Min. Serial No.Certification Check Company . Cleaned. PLUGS (how many) Casing Circ. Max.D. Head.Wear Bushing Weight Grade I. Head X/O For Cmt.
Of Joints Onboard No... No Of Pup Joints ..…......Rating Operational Check Operational Check Air Hoses And Connections Dressed For 13-3/8 Ins Bails ...Rating Rental .......Please Enter Signature At Each Check Of Point On List Landing String: No Of Joints .....CHECK ALL CERTIFICATION & COLOUR CODING OF ALL SLINGS Centralisers & Stop Rings Casing Pick Up Sling (Braided) Small Hammer. Rotary Table To Hang Off Point …………………………………………………………… Stick Up .Certification Company ......... Of Joints To Run No... Total ………………………….Rating Length Length Hand Slips (18 Segments) Company Rental Insert Bowls Safety Clamp (14 Segments) Stabbing Board Check List To Complete No.. Dope Flashlight Bakerlock Tail Ropes Endless Rope Casing Tables Casing Capacity .. Hanger Length To Hang Off Point ……………………...Dressed For 13-3/8 Ins Power Slips .Rev 2 Page 2 of 2 .……… Bbls Cementing Calculations Checked ……………………………………………………………………………..……………………… Bbls/ Total Capacity Of Casing ……………. Of Pups Onboard No...Checklist for 13 3/8” Casing . Total Length …………………………. Pipe Clampon Return Line Long Chain Tong Casing Fill Up Line Diesel..Rating Rental ................ Rags... Mud Returns OTHER EQUIPMENT . At Shoe Total Csg String Wt.……………………………………………………………………… Remarks WEIGHT AGAINST DEPTH REPRESENTATION W E I G H T D E P T H G:\Management Library\Forms\Offshore\QA Documented Forms\034 . In Mud In Air Total Exp. Barite.………..... Remarks ....Certification Check Company ... Nails. Before Changing Elev......... Total Length ……………………………………………..........
Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 79 of 80 2 12.03.99 DOP 202 Enc 6 Enclosure No 6 CHECKLIST FOR 9-5/8” CASING G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .
Max.Conn.Wear Bushing Weight Grade I. Head. & Drifted (Size) Hanger Checked . Cleaned. Checked Wear Bushing Checked Cup Tester Checked Float Shoe Inspected & Made Up (Set Autofill If Fitted) Float Collar Inspected & Made Up Spare Float & Shoe Joints To Be Bakerlocked . Rental Serial No. Pups. Running Tool Assy Made Up Seal Assy. Does It Fit Through Elevators CMT.Rating Operational Check Safety Slings Air Connections And Extension Hose Side Door Elevators Rating Tried For Fit Condition Company Rental - Serial No. Certification Check Power Elevators . PLUGS (how many) Casing Circ.Rating Operational Check Safety Slings - G:\Management Library\Forms\Offshore\QA Documented Forms\034 .Lock Ring Required? Csg Hanger Running Tool Checked Hanger.Collars To Be Accessible For Setting S/Assy.D.Cleaned & Taped Up On Deck Centralisers & Stop Rings Made Up And Fitted To Accessible Joints On Deck Spare Casing Collars Casing Clampons Checked Casing Cmt. Chain & Shackles Condition Company Serial No. Tallied. Head X/O For Cmt. Serial No. Csg Measured.Checklist for 9 5/8” Casing. Rental . After Csg Job Cut And Slip Drilling Line If Required Pull 18¾ In . Head And/Or Water Bushing (Check Thread Type) Company Power Tong Dressed 13-3/8 Ins & Checked Tor. Gauge For Above Jaws For Tongs & Spare Hinge Pins For Fitting Same Tong Snub Line Single Joint Elevators Tried For Fit Slings.Certification Check Company .Type Make Up Torque Min.Rev 2 Page 1 of 2 .CHECK LIST FOR 9-5/8” CASING Pooh Last Bit . Opt.
.. Total Length …………………………... Barite.. Rotary Table To Hang Off Point …………………………………………………………… Stick Up . Mud Returns OTHER EQUIPMENT ..Rating Rental .. Of Joints To Run No..... Hanger Length To Hang Off Point …………………….. Remarks .CHECK ALL CERTIFICATION & COLOUR CODING OF ALL SLINGS Centralisers & Stop Rings Casing Pick Up Sling (Braided) Small Hammer. Pipe Clampon Return Line Long Chain Tong Casing Fill Up Line Diesel.Rating Rental .......... Nails.. Before Changing Elev.Certification Check Company .... Total …………………………..Checklist for 9 5/8” Casing. Dope Flashlight Bakerlock Tail Ropes Endless Rope Casing Tables Casing Capacity .Rating Length Length Hand Slips (14 Segments) Company Rental Insert Bowls Safety Clamp (11 Segments) Stabbing Board Check List To Complete No..........Dressed For 9-5/8 Ins Power Slips ..... Total Length ……………………………………………... Of Pups Onboard No.....……………………… Bbls/ Total Capacity Of Casing …………….Rev 2 Page 2 of 2 ... Rags.....Please Enter Signature At Each Check Of Point On List Landing String: No Of Joints ........ In Mud In Air Total Exp.……… Bbls Cementing Calculations Checked ……………………………………………………………………………....………..... Of Joints Onboard No.……………………………………………………………………… Remarks WEIGHT AGAINST DEPTH REPRESENTATION W E I G H T D E P T H G:\Management Library\Forms\Offshore\QA Documented Forms\034 . No Of Pup Joints ....…..... At Shoe Total Csg String Wt.Certification Company ......Rating Operational Check Operational Check Air Hoses And Connections Dressed For 9-5/8 Ins Bails .....
Routine Drilling Operations Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 82 of 80 2 12.03.99 DOP 202 Enc 7 Enclosure No 7 DRILLING PARAMETERS G:\Management Library\Drilling Operations Manual\DOP202 .
Rev 1 Page 1 of 1 .Routine Drilling Operations Drilling Parameters DATE: TIME 00:00 01:00 02:00 03:00 04:00 05:00 06:00 07:00 08:00 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16:00 17:00 18:00 19:00 20:00 21:00 22:00 23:00 DEPTH DRILLER: ROP-AV UP-WT DRILLER ROT-WT DN-WT SPM PSI RPM TORQUE WOB ACT-VOL HVE-AV Page Rev No Date Doc No : : : : 83 of 80 2 12.03.99 DOP 202 Enc 7 REMARKS G:\Management Library\Forms\Offshore\QA Documented Forms\035 .Drilling Parameters .
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