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GD&T Symbols

GD&T Symbols

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Published by polumathes
GD&T Symbols
GD&T Symbols

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Published by: polumathes on Jun 03, 2013
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11/17/2013

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Geometric tolerancing reference chart
Per ASME Y14.5 M-1982

Can be Type of Geometric Symb applie d to a tolerance characteristics ol feature ?

Can Can be Can be be Can Datum Can use Can use affected affected applie affect referen by a by a d to a virtual ce bonus shift featur conditio modifier modifier used? toleranc toleranc e of size? ? ? n? e? e? Yes No No No No No Yes Yes Yes ?
(note 6)

Form Form Form Form Profile Profile

Straightness Flatness Circularity Cylindricity Profile of a line Profile of a surface

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes ?
(note 6)

Yes
(note 1)

No No No No Yes
(note 2)

Yes
(note 1)

No
(note 5)

Yes
(note 4)

No No No No Yes
(note 3)

No No No No No Yes
(note 1)

No No No No No Yes
(note 1)

No
(note 5)

No No No No No Yes
(note 4)

No
(note 5)

No
(note 5)

No
(note 5)

Yes
(note 2)

No
(note 5)

Yes
(note 3)

Orientati Perpendiculari on ty Orientati on Orientati on Location Location Location Runout Runout Notes: Angularity Parallelism Symmetry Positional tolerance Concentricity Circular runout Total runout

Yes Yes Yes ?
(note 6)

No
(note 5)

Yes
(note 3)

Yes
(note 1)

Yes
(note 1)

No
(note 5)

Yes
(note 4)

Yes
(note 3)

Yes
(note 1)

Yes
(note 1)

No
(note 5)

Yes
(note 4)

Yes
(note 3)

?
(note 6)

?
(note 6)

?
(note 6)

?
(note 6)

?
(note 6)

No No Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes Yes Yes
(note 1)

Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes No No No

Yes No
(note 5)

Yes
(note 4)

Yes
(note 3)

No No No

No No No

No
(note 5)

Yes
(note 1)

No
(note 5)

Notes: 1. When applied to a feature-of-size.

5M standard around 1988 and re-added around 1994. The symmetry symbol's characteristics were not included in the version of the chart that this chart is derived from. 3. bullet 3. Figure 3-8. Also. When a datum feature-of-size is referenced with the MMC modifier. The symbol appears in the 2009 version of the standard. The symbol is not part of the 1994 version.) Symbol Free state Least material condition (LMC) Maximum material condition (MMC) Projected tolerance zone Regardless of feature size (RFS) (note 1) Tangent plane Unilateral (note 2) Modifier Notes: 1. . modifier and datum references. When an MMC modifier is used. All the symbols above are used in a feature control frame to specify a feature's description. 5. See para. 4. Also para. and refers to unequal profile distribution.2. (It's been speculated that it will be re-dropped the next time the standard is revised. Can also be used as a form control without a datum reference. A5. 2. tolerance. Automatic per rule #3. The symmetry symbol was dropped from the Y14. D3. 6. 3.

GD&T representation: Unlike GD&T presentation.g. but only a human could interpret them. These are then referred to by one or more datum feature reference which indicate measurements should be made with respect to the corresponding datum feature and may be found in a datum reference frame. the GD&T representation does not deal with how the information is presented to the user but only deal with which element of a shape of a product has which GD&T characteristic. or point. e. line. A system supporting GD&T representation may display the GD&T information in some tree and other dialogs and allow the user to directly select and highlight the corresponding feature on the shape of the product.[edit]Datums and Datum References A datum is a theoretical ideal plane. A receiving system could display them on the screen or print them out. projection or dimension curves and which are used to form the shape of a product. . A datum feature is a physical feature of the part identified by a datum feature symboland corresponding datum feature triangle. e. And there is also the information which of the curves in the exchange file are leader.g. a datum feature callout and a datum reference frame. GD&T presentation: On a next higher level the presentation information is enhanced by grouping them together into callouts for a particular purpose. texts and symbols were written into the exchange file.. 2D and 3D. [edit]GD&T data exchange Exchange of geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T) information between CAD systems is available on different levels of fidelity for different purposes:    In the early days of CAD exchange only lines.

it is possible to validate the completeness and consistency of the GD&T information.    Ideally both GD&T presentation and representation are available in the exchange file and are associated with each other. The software tool FBTol from the Kansas City Plant is probably the first one in this area. Then a receiving system can allow a user to select a GD&T callout and get the corresponding feature highlighted on the shape of the product. GD&T validation: Based on GD&T representation data (but not on GD&T presentation) and the shape of a product in some useful format (e. a Boundary representation). GD&T representation information can also be used for the software assisted manufacturing planning and cost calculation of parts. This is still a research area (see below reference to McCaleb and ISO 10303-1666).g. An enhancement of GD&T representation is defining a formal language for GD&T (similar like a programming language) which also has built-in rules and restrictions for the proper GD&T usage. [edit] . See ISO 10303-224 and 238 below.

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