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What is an Aquatic ecosystem?
Any ecosystem where water exists for a majority of the year and/or growing season (i.e. the soils are inundated). Usually defined by the watershed it inhabits. A basin or drainage pathway.
WETlands: Lakes, ponds marshes, swamps, rivers, estuaries, bays
What is an Aquaculture system?
A Human designed aquatic ecosystem managed for food production
Why Aquaculture? Increased productivity of aquatic systems Highly mutlifunctional use of water in landscape High quality protein foods Current fisheries are being ʻminedʼ to extinction Waste as a resource .
Why Aquaculture? Physical and ecological basis of Increased productivity of aquatic system 4-20 x more productive / acre than soil farming High conversion ratio of feed : flesh (1.5-3 : 1) Diminished effects of gravity 3-D medium more complex edges Durable landscape features Bioavailable nutrients Constant water supply Non-food yields .
Functions of Water in Landscape Reflective Surface Transport Thermal Mass Cooling Energy Production Waste Treatment Run-off Surface Energy Storage Food Production Fire Break Recreation Irrigation .
Design parameters of Aquaculture systems Volume. evaporation Soils and substrate Depth (deeps and shallows) Temperature. and Edge Catchment Area. Surface Area. precipitation. Flow Nutrient supply Guilds: plants and animals Stocking Rates and Harvest Strucutres Connections . pH Aeration.
Volume. Surface Area. and Edge Depth (deeps and shallows) Nutrient supply Stocking Rate and Harvest Design parameters of Aquaculture systems Guilds: plants and animals Strucutres Connections .
precipitation.Design parameters of Aquaculture systems : Climate Context Volume. Flow . Surface Area. evaporation Temperature. pH Aeration. and Edge Catchment Area.
island. Worms. fences and nets. emergent. siphons and pumps.Design parameters of Aquaculture systems Nutrient supply Feed and Diet of Fish. Frogs. Birds. floating. Animal housing. Animals: Fish. algae… Guilds: Stocking Rates Strucutres: Particularly for harvest. Shadehouse. Insects… Plants: Shoreline. Crustaceans. Logs. Piers. Amphibians. submerged. Mollusks. and habitat Rafts. Trellis. Ducks… Bioavailable nutrients for vegetation: manures. litter. Mammals. Greenhouse. Reptiles. feeding.. Connections . Crustaceans.
windbreak Chickens. fowl. pigs. insects. next . peninsulas. overhanging. reptiles Vegetation Animals Irrigation Structures Floating. shoreline Overhanging. shading.Aquatic-terrestrial connections The many edges Islands.
Relative Location Stacking Functions Diverse Connections Next Best Use Location in Landscape Profile Zones/Sector planning Edge Effects Scale and Orders Nesting and Tesselation Permaculture Thinking Applied .
and Output locations . Use. Run-off vs. Runon Surfaces Position in Landscape Profile Inputs.
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Methods of Design Random Assembly Deduction from Nature Zone and Sector planning Functional Analysis Flow Diagrams Observation Incremental .
Design exercise/game: Where do you want your pond and who do you want in and Production Consumption around it? How does the location of a pond determine itʼs uses? How many beneficial connections can we Waste make to an aquatic ecosystem? .
Traditional Aquaculture Systems Chinampas: 50% water : 50% land Ohana system: Hawaiʼi Rice Padis European Carp ponds .
Chinampa s Series of channels Trellis or greenhouse addons Shelves: allow wet-dry cycling Overstory tree crops Bog crops Water transport .
Urban aquaculture and aquaculture innovations: Aquaponics in permaculture systems Stacking Functions Biogas Vermiculture Greenhouses Rooftop Compost Thermal Mass .
Natural Swimming Pools .
Sell Live ʻFishʼ Legal .Invisible structures associated with Aquaculture Socio-cultural Trend away from ʻFarmedʼ Fish vs. overfishing of natural waters Fish is a ʻhealthʼ food Economic Assess local markets Permits.
Questions and Comments .