TECHNICAL INFORMATION GUIDE

Alcatel Optical Multi-Service Nodes ISA Ethernet 10/100/1000 Access modules
Enabling advanced Metro Ethernet Services over Next Generation SDH

OMSN’s integrated TDM and Packet capabilities enable Service Providers to achieve the optimal balance between new competitive service offerings and traditional revenuegenerating services. with provisionable WAN bandwidth > ISA-GbE o Gigabit Ethernet rate-adaptive transport. realize the OMSN Metro Ethernet Solution.. .Introduction This Technical Information Guide describes architecture and applications of ISA (Integrated Service Adapter) Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet Access plug in boards.the powerful solution to build IP-enabled optical networks. mapping and transport features that enable Ethernet and Gigabit Ethernet services delivery over the public transport network. ISA Ethernet Access modules are: > ISA-Eth o Ethernet 10/100 rate-adaptive transport. By only incremental investments OMSN enhance transport networks with new data service support functions to augment overall network utility. together with ISA Packet Ring layer 2 switching modules. with provisionable WAN bandwidth ISA Ethernet 10/100/1000 Access modules together with ISA Packet Ring empower OMSN portfolio to offer telecom carriers and service providers – be established on new entrants . World-class Metro Ethernet service delivery can be therefore realized by leveraging on the existing dominant SDH transport infrastructure at minimal cost. ISA Ethernet Access modules. ISA Ethernet Access modules provide comprehensive interfacing. Alcatel ISA Ethernet 10/100/1000 Access modules were conceived as add-on modules for the Alcatel Optical Multi-Service Nodes (OMSN) product family – the Alcatel’s nextgeneration SDH systems.

......................................................................................4 General Description...............................4 Management.......................7 ISA-GbE module usage in 1650 SMC ..........3 ISA-Eth module usage in 1650 SMC......................................8 ..............................................................................................................................................................................................5 General Description..........7 ISA-GbE module usage in 1640 FOX .................4 ISA-Eth module usage in 1640 FOX ..............................................................................................................................6 Figure 13 – ISA-GbE Architecture..................................................................................................................3 ISA-Eth module usage in 1660 SM ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................6 Traffic provisioning...................................................Table Of Contents ISA-Eth module .......................................................3 Equipment Engineering:..................................6 Equipment Engineering:...........................................................5 Architecture......................................................................................................................................................................3 Protections: Dual homing ........................................4 Architecture............................................................................................................................7 ISA-GbE module usage in 1660 SM and 1670 SM ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4 ISA-GbE Module ......

7041). This leads to an infrastructures optimization of the operator and cost reduction for the end-user. The interface cost reduction is achieved thanks to the native interfaces provided on the board that allow to replace the expensive up-link ports. fairly effective to cover Ethernet MAN applications from the service point of view such as transparent LAN services and Internet access. The principle of the leased line guarantees a dedicated and independent path for every service. those services are intrinsically segregated by the usage of the transport network resources (Figure 1). independently from the interface type. . The cards act as a gateway towards the SDH network. which use the POS (Packet Over SDH/SONET). Furthermore the operators are enabled to offer more services with enhanced flexibility and granularity. optimizing the bandwidth through the SDH network. The bandwidth can be allocated to the end users in accordance with the real need. Bandwidth shaping according to clients needs. Architecture Internet Access ISP Router Internet Access LAN to LAN connection Ethernet frames mapped in SDH VC Figure 2: ISA-Eth main board Ethernet frames are mapped over SDH VC using Generic Figure 1: Metro Ethernet Access in OMSN with ISA-Eth Framing Procedure (GFP) encapsulation (ITU-T G. which can be protected or unprotected. today. but anyway monitored within the usual management capability of a transmission network. All the Ethernet access connectors are on the front panel of the unit (Fig 2). traditionally. The major benefits that can be experienced utilizing ISA Ethernet card in the SDH networks are: > > Interfaces cost reduction.Service Level Agreement proposed through this approach is equivalent to the well known SDH leased line concept.ISA-Eth module General Description ISA Ethernet module provides 10/100baseT interfaces allowing the interconnection of two LANs in a point to point configuration. This point-to-point connectivity is .

Data transfer rate from Customer equipment is limited in accordance with SDH capacity by the 802. TECHNICAL INFORMATION GUIDE ALCATEL 2 > . The result is that no packets are lost even in case of congestion. Each VC runs independently inside the SDH network. SDH bandwidth allocation can be managed following two approach: > Each Ethernet interface is independently mapped into 1xVC12/VC3/VC4. for each of these VC a dedicated cross-connection is required inside the matrix. VC4). The flow control mechanism is used to prevent the congestion of the transmission network that may cause packet discarding. The container is then cross-connected in the matrix as any other VC tributary.N Transparency to all upper layer protocols ISA Eth Access Module 14 x I/F ISA Eth Access Module 14 x I/F Backplane bus connection SDH IPv4 IPv6 IPX Ethernet MPLS … GFP Ethernet Frame Ethernet Frame ISA Eth Port Module 11 x I/F ISA Eth Port Module 11 x I/F GFP PHY SDH SDH Payload Ethernet I/F STM-n I/F Figure 3: ISA-Eth architecture The architecture of the board is represented in Figure 3. Thanks to the information contained into the GFP Header the frames are re-aligned at the sink side. > Figure 4: GFP mapping The Ethernet frames received through the native interfaces are mapped using the GFP protocol into the SDH VC-x and then transmitted through the SDH. At the sink Ethernet frames are recovered and then directed toward the relevant interfaces. It is based on two cards: > access card that provides 14 Ethernet interfaces 10BaseT or 100BaseT. STM. is then sent toward the SDH matrix from the back–plane with 4 STM–1 equivalent throughput. VC3. Each Ethernet interface can be mapped as N x VC12/VC3 through the usage of packet concatenation. When the buffer memory dedicated to a certain service is overloaded by an Ethernet frames peak exceeding the nominal bit rate specified by the SLA. The Ethernet traffic.Alcatel Optical Multi-Service Nodes ISA Ethernet 10/100/1000 Access modules The OSI stack relationship and Ethernet frame SDH PORT RX TX SDH VC SDH Xconnection SDH PORT TX RX encapsulation are shown in figure 4.3x flow control mechanism. hence it is able to cross–connect a 10/100Mbit/s Ethernet stream into an SDH virtual container of any dimension (VC12.N STM. The unit is able to execute a rate-adapting action. Full transparency with respect of the upper layer protocols is maintained. the flow control mechanism ( IEEE 802.3x) stops the client source until the bandwidth allocated to the service is able to absorb the extra traffic. > main board that provides 11 Ethernet interfaces 10BaseT or 100BaseT. opportunely mapped in the SDH transport structures.

In case of failure the L2 and L3 equipment switch the Ethernet traffic to the second ISA Ethernet port. GbE and Packet Ring in OMSN ISA-Eth module usage in 1660 SM SDH Figure 6 Dual homing protection TECHNICAL INFORMATION GUIDE ALCATEL 3 > .Alcatel Optical Multi-Service Nodes ISA Ethernet 10/100/1000 Access modules Management The Ethernet port. The L2/L3 customer equipments are connected to OMSNs using two separate ISA Ethernet ports and the Ethernet traffic is transported through the SDH network utilizing 2 different paths. ISA-Eth can be housed in any Port slot. > > > > ISA-Eth main board: 1 slot in lower shelf area (11 x Ethernet ports) ISA-Eth access board: 1 slot in upper shelf area (14 x Eth ports) to improve port density. being part of OSMN portfolio is fully managed by Alcatel Network Management System. Figure 5: Ethernet port management in OMSN Protections: Dual homing In case of failure of either LAN-to-LAN Board or Access Board the Service Protection can be guaranteed by a dual homing connection between the LAN Switch and the OMSN.. Up to 400 Ethernet interfaces per shelf Figure 7: ISA-Eth. Of course the SDH pipe transporting Ethernet frames can be protected through usual mechanisms provided by SDH network Equipment Engineering: This following chapter describes the ISA-Ethernet card traffic and OMSN implementation engineering rules.

ISA-Eth module usage in 1650 SMC > ISA-Eth main board: 1 slot in lower shelf area (11 x Ethernet ports) > ISA-Eth access board: 1 slot in upper shelf area (14 x GE ports) to improve port density. Up to 75 Ethernet interfaces per shelf.Alcatel Optical Multi-Service Nodes ISA Ethernet 10/100/1000 Access modules ISA-Eth module usage in 1640 FOX > ISA-Eth main board: 1 slot in lower shelf area (11 x Ethernet ports) ISA-Eth access board > ISA-Eth Access Board cannot be housed in 1640 FOX. > Up to 22 Ethernet 10/100 interfaces ISA-Eth main board Figure 10: Alcatel 1640 FOX and ISA-Eth Figure 8: Alcatel 1660 SM with ISA-Eth . Figure 9: Alcatel 1650 SMC with ISA-Eth TECHNICAL INFORMATION GUIDE ALCATEL 4 > . > > ISA-Eth can be housed in any Port slot.

The rate adaptation relies on the introduction of a buffer that acts as a bucket which smoothes the bursty Ethernet traffic. > GE signal between A and B and between C and D is transported over standard link (i.7041). more precisely the GigaEthernet traffic passing trough 1 x GigabitEthernet physical interface is mapped into a specific VC-4-xv (x=12. In practice no discarding can be achieved because the ISA Gigabit-Ethernet card features the mechanism of traffic Flow control specified in IEE 802. ISA-GbE GFP standard mapping introduces the rate adaptation feature in the traffic flow.7) structure using the standard virtual concatenation. The card acts as a gateway towards the SDH network. Full rate Gigabit-Ethernet is transported in VC-4-7v and minimum rate Gigabit. 1000BaseLX or 1000BaseSX fibres) > the edge nodes map.Alcatel Optical Multi-Service Nodes ISA Ethernet 10/100/1000 Access modules ISA-GbE Module General Description ISA Gigabit Ethernet provides 1000BaseSX/1000BaseLX interfaces in OMSN family allowing the interconnection of two LANs in a point to point configuration as Figure 11.6.Ethernet in single VC-4.3x. The peak rate that the card is able to adsorb without discarding any Ethernet packet/frame is directly proportional to the bucket "depth". the GE signal to a VC4-xv (with virtual concatenation) > the GE signal is transparently transported by the SDH/SONET network between OMSNs B and C.4.5. In fact the Gigabit Ethernet traffic is transported transparently by the SDH Network and the ISA GigabitEthernet card inside an OMSN extracts and receives the Gigabit-Ethernet traffic coming from LAN switches or routers without "terminating" the Gigabit-Ethernet frames.Gigabit-Ethernet Link over SDH The card allows to realize the following connections in the SDH Network: > Transport of a Gigabit Ethernet signal between two data equipment A and D > Guaranteed QoS between end points over the network. using the VC4-xv trail TECHNICAL INFORMATION GUIDE ALCATEL 5 > .e. Customer Network Domain Backbone Network Domain A 1000BaseSX or 1000BaseLX B SDH NE SDH/SONET Network C D SDH NE Optical Link 1000BaseSX or 1000BaseLX Figure 11 . These features comply with the following standards: > > IEEE 802.3. while taking into account the bursty profile of the Gigabit-Ethernet traffic.3z (gigabit interfaces) ITU G.783 (including virtual concatenation) The traffic received by the 1000baseSX or 1000baseLX Ethernet interfaces on the ISA-GbE card is mapped into a number of VC-4 SDH containers. using a dedicated method. Such GFP frame is afterwards mapped inside the specific VC-4-xv according to SDH standard protocol stack.707 and G. Customer Site Site POP SDH/SONET WDM Network Customer Site Each Gigabit Ethernet frame is mapped without modifications into a generic framing procedure frame (GFP-ITU-T G.

ISA Gigabit-Ethernet is made of two cards : > Main board: card providing hw intelligence and 4 Ethernet 1000BaseSX/LX interfaces > Access-card: expands the number of 1000 BaseSX/LX ports of the main card with 4 additional 1000 BaseSX/LX interfaces The Gigabit-Ethernet traffic.3x Flow control activation Always considering that the back panel is able support a maximum throughput of 8 x VC-4. cannot transport more than 8 x VC-4 payload equivalent bandwidth. > > Mapping in SDH resources (see above) IEEE 802. considered all together.Alcatel Optical Multi-Service Nodes ISA Ethernet 10/100/1000 Access modules Thanks to this control. LAN switch or router) to stop its transmission for a certain time period (specified in this frame).Rate adaptation and buffering Figure 13 – ISA-GbE Architecture Architecture The architecture of the ISA Gigabit-Ethernet card is represented in . The bandwidth associated to each 1000BaseSX/LX interfaces is such that the 8 interfaces within a single slot ISA Ethernet plug in module. the possibility to mix 1000baseSX and LX interfaces on the same card (acces card or port card ) is allowed. In this way frame discarding is avoided. is transmitted from the ISA Gigabit-Ethernet plug in module toward the SDH matrix through the back plane (which has 8 x VC-4 equivalent throughput). Traffic provisioning The operator provisioning main options are: > 1000 BaseSX/LX interface traffic mapped into: o o o o o o o 1 x GbE GFP VC-4-7v 1 x GbE GFP VC-4-6v 1 x GbE GFP VC-4-5v 1 x GbE GFP VC-4-4v 1 x GbE GFP VC-4-3v 1 x GbE GFP VC-4-2v 1 x GbE GFP VC-4. when the buffer reaches a fixed threshold a particular frame is generated communicating to the source (i. The operator will always have to provision for each 1000 BaseSX/LX interface: > Type of interface : 1000Base SX or 1000Base LX by using of SFP (Small Form Factor Pluggable with LC connectors).e. GbE Access Module 4 x I/F ST MN SDH PORT SDH PORT RX TX STM-N TX RX SDH VC SDH Xconnectio Backplan bus connection GbE Access Module 4 x I/F SDH MATRIX GbE Port Module 4 x I/F Ethernet GFP SDH GbE Port Module 4 x I/F Protocol stack GE 1250 Mb/s SDH VC-4-XV Configurabl Figure 12 . TECHNICAL INFORMATION GUIDE ALCATEL 6 > . specially mapped in the SDH transport structures. then the SDH matrixes connects each VC-4 with the appropriates STM-n port card to the WAN transmission side.

Alcatel Optical Multi-Service Nodes ISA Ethernet 10/100/1000 Access modules Equipment Engineering: This following chapter describes the ISA Gigabit-Ethernet card traffic and OMSN implementation engineering rules . > > ISA-GbE can be housed in any Port slot. Up to 96 Gigabit-Ethernet interfaces per shelf ISA-GbE main board ISA-GbE access board Figure 15: Alcatel 1670 SM and ISA-GbE TECHNICAL INFORMATION GUIDE ALCATEL 7 > . Up to 24 Gigabit-Ethernet interfaces Figure 14: ISA-GbE ports in OMSN: SFP modules > Gigabit-Ethernet port card can accepted up to 4 1000Base SX/LX interfaces SFP > Gigabit-Ethernet acces card can accepted up to 4 1000 BaseSX/LX interfaces SFP > Only one Access Card can be connected to a ISA GbEth Port Card > Gigabit-Ethernet port card can be in any Port Slot of the OMSNs. ISA-GbE access board: 1 slot in upper shelf area (4 x GE ports) to improve port density. ISA-GbE access board: 1 slot in left shelf area (4 x GE ports) to improve port density > The ISA GbE card can be housed in any Port slot. 1650 SMC Access Card Available slots Port Card ISA-GbE module usage in 1650 SMC > ISA-GbE main board: 1 slot in righ shelf area (4 x GE ports). ISA-GbE module usage in 1660 SM and 1670 SM > ISA-GbE main board: 1 slot in lower shelf area (4 x GE ports).

Up to 8 Gigabit-Ethernet interfaces 1640 FOX Port Card Available slots TECHNICAL INFORMATION GUIDE ALCATEL 8 > .Alcatel Optical Multi-Service Nodes ISA Ethernet 10/100/1000 Access modules ISA-GbE module usage in 1640 FOX > ISA-GbE main board: 1 slot in lower shelf area (4 x GE ports). > > Access Board cannot be housed in 1640 FOX..

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