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Central Venous Pressure


It provides an indication of pressure in the right atrium Provides valuable information about the patients fluid and cardiac status.

Nursing responsibilities

The nurse should place the zero level of the manometer at the level of the right atrium at the 4th intercostal space Instruct the patient to avoid coughing and straining as it increases the readings The normal CVP reading is 2-12 mHg when the tube is at the superior vena cava

Rotating Tourniquet

Rotating Tourniquet

three tourniquets used in a rotating order to pool blood in the arms and legs. The treatment used to relieve fluid buildup in the lungs. Tourniquets are applied to the upper parts of three of the four limbs at one time. Every 15 minutes, in a clockwise pattern, a tourniquet is placed on the arm or leg not being wrapped, and one tourniquet is removed. As a result of this rotation, the blood vessels of each of the four limbs are narrowed for 45 minutes of each hour.