Lung Cancer (Bronchogenic Carcinoma

)

Risk factors:
 Tobacco smoke  Second-hand smoke  Environmental & Occupational

Exposure  Genetics  Dietary factors

Clinical Manifestations
depend on the location and size of the tumor, the degree of obstruction, and the existence of metastasis to regional or distant sites.

 Cough or change in a chronic cough  Wheezing  Dyspnea  Hemoptysis or blood-tinged sputum  Repeated unresolved upper respiratory tract

infections  Chest or shoulder pain may indicate chest wall or pleural involvement by a tumor  Chest pain and tightness, hoarseness  Dysphagia

Assessment and Diagnostic Findings
 Fiber optic bronchoscopy  Transthoracic fine needle aspiration  Endoscopy with esophageal ultrasound (EUS)  Abdominal scans positron emission

tomography (PET) scans

LUNG CANCER
This chest x-ray shows a white area (yellow circle) that represents a solid area in the lung. This is a lung cancer.

Medical Management
 Radiation Therapy  Chemotherapy  Palliative Therapy  Gene Therapy  Therapy with defined tumor antigens

Treatment- Related Complication
   Pulmonary fibrosis  Pericarditis  Myelitis

 Cor pulmonale  Pneumonitis  Respiratory failure

Nursing Management
 Managing symptoms  Relieving breathing problems  Reducing fatigue  Providing psychological support

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.