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The War on Marijuana in Black and White(1)

The War on Marijuana in Black and White(1)

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Published by josephlord
ACLU study on racial disparities in marijuana possession and arrests.
ACLU study on racial disparities in marijuana possession and arrests.

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Published by: josephlord on Jun 04, 2013
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Appendix B | 135

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Pike

Dallas

Morgan

Coffee

Chambers

115+x

95+x

55+x

25.7x

13.7x

Counties with the largest population

Shelby

Tuscaloosa

Baldwin

Lee

Morgan

3.0x

6.6x

5.1x

7.8x

55+x

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

ARREST RATES

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

277

WHITE

64

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

13,286,772

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Alabama

Blacks are 4.4 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

181

470

154

466

152

465

189

538

172

598

178

679

173

668

133

604

100

558

64

277

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

57.7%

All other
drug offenses

42.3%

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

55

0

452

58

387

76

730

111

65

22

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

121

9

198

8

55

0

95

0

115

0

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 137

136 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Juneau

Kenai Peninsula

Fairbanks
North Star
Anchorage
Municipality

5.1x

3.0x

2.3x

1.6x

Anchorage
Municipality

Juneau

Ketchikan
Gateway

Valdez-
Cordova (CA)

North Slope

1.6x

5.1x

0x

0x

33.3x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

510

WHITE

318

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010:$

8,466,300

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Alaska

Blacks are

1.6 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

340

113

329

196

385

338

307

240

276270

231244

222225

216

246

269

310318

510

0

100

200

300

400

500

Marijuana
possession

80.6%

All
other drug
offenses

19.4%

286

177

1,262

542

2,029

668

688

136

1,050

31

0

108

0

306

688

136

286

177

0

250 500 750 1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 137

Yuma

Graham

Maricopa

Pima

Pinal

3.7x

3.0x

2.6x

2.4x

2.2x

Maricopa

Pima

Pinal

Yavapai

Mohave

2.6x

2.4x

2.2x

5.6x

1.1x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

677

WHITE

283

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

85,822,232

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Arizona

Blacks are 2.4 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

280

687

254

617

285

691

301

741

300

789

278

686

280

718

284

716

303

759

283

677

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

56.2%

All other
drug offenses

43.8%

266

123

1,065

442

611

238

798

269

1,081

295

0

250

500

750

1,000

1,250

1,500

1,750

2,000

2,250

324

292

2,132

379

266

123

1,065

442

611

238

0

250

500

750

1,000

1,250

1,500

1,750

2,000

2,250

0

250

500

750 1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000 2,250

0

250

500

750 1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000 2,250

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 139

Independence

Craighead

Miller

Sebastian

Pope

8.7x

7.0x

5.4x

4.8x

4.8x

Pulaski

Benton

Washington

Sebastian

Faulkner

2.8x

3.1x

3.3x

4.8x

3.4x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

532

WHITE

171

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

13,194,514

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Arkansas

Blacks are 3.1times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

196

396

170

366

165

332

164

412

177

459

192

520

172

448

175

560

176

513

171

532

0

200

400

600

Marijuana
possession

46.1%

All other
drug offenses

50.2%

663

139

1,125

235

612

114

960

137

675

77

653

191

1,125

235

926

279

766

244

530

187

0

150

300

450

600

750

900 1,050 1,200

0

150

300

450

600

750

900 1,050 1,200

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

138 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 139

San Francisco

Marin

Lake

Sacramento

Kern

4.3x

4.1x

3.8x

3.7x

3.4x

Los Angeles

San Diego

Orange

Riverside

San Bernardino

Santa Clara

Alameda

Sacramento

Contra Costa

Fresno

2.6x
2.6x
1.8x
2.6x
2.1x
2.6x
1.3x
3.7x
2.8x
2.6x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

374

WHITE

171

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

490,966,080

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

California

400

156

148

53

370

99

167

124

579

222

315

153

253

97

479

263

621

240

433

164

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

Blacks are 2.2 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

All other
drug offenses
7,365

77.1%

Marijuana
possession
6,310

22.9%

148

365

144

336

146

343

138

356

140

356

151

405

169

456

181

474

185

448

171

374

0

100

200

300

400

500

Marijuana
possession
22.9%All other

drug offenses

77.1%

414

121

370

99

612

161

507

123

192

44

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 141

Arapahoe

El Paso

Pueblo

Adams

3.2x

2.8x

1.6x

1.2x

El Paso

Denver

Arapahoe

Jefferson

Adams

2.8x

0.5x

3.2x

3.3x

1.2x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

397

WHITE

213

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

37,706,564

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Colorado

Blacks are 1.9 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

232

692

209

653

214

693

225

618

226

656

228

458

243

461

235

451

223

402

213

397

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

60.7%

All other
drug offenses

39.3%

535

435

27

17

407

146

611

191

535

435

912

276

611

191

71

152

407

146

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1,000

0

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000

0

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

140 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 141

Middlesex

New London

Fairfield

New Haven

Hartford

Fairfield

Hartford

New Haven

New London

Litchfield

3.4x

3.0x

3.4x

4.7x

7.8x

6.8x

4.7x

3.4x

3.4x

3.0x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

681

WHITE

205

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

49,826,212

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Connecticut

Blacks are 3.3 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

186

403

157

447

156

502

169

554

162

564

166

612

165

619

189

677

195

725

205

681

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

49.8%

All other
drug offenses

50.2%

943

314

499

148

385

113

1,136

243

1,608

235

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

987

127

1,136

243

499

148

943

314

385

113

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

0

200

400

600

800

1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

0

200

400

600

800

1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 143

Sussex

New Castle

Kent

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

13,234,181

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Delaware

Blacks are 3.0 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

104

307

112

342

166

492

179

430

203

570

200

605

216

656

216

635

222

638

206

619

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

47.0%

All other
drug offenses

53.0%

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

BLACK

619

WHITE

206

3.5x

3.1x

2.6x

681

264

581

189

714

204

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest
Rates In All Counties*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Counties

ARREST RATES

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

142 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 143

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

District-wide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

WHITE

185

BLACK

1,489

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

26,527,716

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

District of ColumbiaBlacks are 8.0times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

Marijuana
possession

46.9%

All other
drug offenses

53.1%

169

770

152

722

146

837

164

975

137

995

131

987

127

1,072

127

1,119

116

1,232

185

1,489

0

500

1000

1500

ARREST RATES

The District’s racial disparity is
above the national average (3.73)

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

Appendix B | 145

Sarasota

Martin

Pinellas

Alachua

Nassau

10.0x

9.8x

7.1x

6.6x

5.9x

Miami-Dade

Broward

Palm Beach

Hillsborough

Orange

Pinellas

Duval

Lee

Polk

Brevard

5.4x
3.7x
4.8x
4.4x
3.4x
7.1x
3.5x
4.0x
2.8x
4.9x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

866

WHITE

208

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

228,635,840

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Florida

Blacks are 4.2 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

201

728

198

747

210

837

228

937

233

1,010

237

1,050

242

1,051

225

970

209

889

208

866

0

200

400

600

800

1000

Marijuana
possession

40.9%

All other
drug offenses

59.1%

1,197

202

1,254

189

1,811

254

1,497

152

1,199

120

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

841

173

1,122

397

698

176

555

158

1,811

254

919

269

943

213

587

123

754

206

1,089

203

0

200 400

600 800 1,00 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

0

200 400

600 800 1,00 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

144 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 145

Gordon

Fulton

Oconee

DeKalb

Jackson

14.1x

7.5x

7.3x

5.8x

4.4x

Fulton

Gwinnett

DeKalb

Chatham

Cherokee

7.5x

2.4x

5.8x

3.5x

2.8x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

699

WHITE

189

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

121,898,152

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Georgia

Blacks are 3.7 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

217

468

178

408

212

483

212

604

199

629

228

656

237

694

172

615

172

663

189

699

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

65.1%

All other
drug offenses

34.9%

668

152

373

65

296

41

1,610

215

1,921

136

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

2,000

690

247

637

183

373

65

164

67

1,610

215

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

2,000

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 147

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

179

WHITE

181

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010: $

8,148,947

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Hawaii

Blacks are no more likely than whites to
be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

118117

104107

117

96

119

94

123

95

125

109

144

139142

119

161

87

181179

0

50

100

150

200

Marijuana
possession

51.7%

All other
drug offenses

48.3%

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

Counties

All counties

ARREST RATES

Data unavailable for Kalawao County

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest
Rates In All Counties*

146 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Hawaii

Maui

Honolulu

Kauai

261

115

103

668

326

1,007

274

3.7x

2.0x

1.1x

0x

Appendix B | 147

Bannock

Ada

Latah

Canyon

Elmore

5.4x

2.7x

2.1x

1.6x

1.2x

Ada

Canyon

Kootenai

Bonneville

Bannock

2.7x

1.6x

2.6x

1.0x

5.4x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

639

WHITE

227

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 : $

11,884,452

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Idaho

Blacks are 2.8 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

214

470

215

403

201

273

202

466

183

336

197

423

217

340

205

363

205

398

227

639

0

200

400

600

Marijuana
possession

52.0%

All other
drug offenses

48.0%

129

108

384

233

320

155

864

316

764

142

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1,000

764

142

152

158

932

357

384

233

864

316

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1,000

0

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000

0

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1,000

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 149

Stephenson

Jackson

Champaign

Peoria

Adams

9.4x

9.2x

9.0x

8.4x

7.6x

Cook

DuPage

Lake

Will

Kane

7.2x

5.3x

5.8x

5.0x

5.7x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

WHITE

202

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

221,431,776

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Illinois

Blacks are 7.6 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

BLACK

1,526

178

1,012

176

1,086

186

1,261

181

1,341

192

1,431

197

1,511

205

1,658

199

1,516

206

1,532

202

1,526

0

500

1000

1500

2000

Marijuana
possession

45.3%

All other
drug offenses

54.7%

677

89

1,342

160

733

82

700

76

1,122

120

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

1,564

274

439

87

870

149

691

129

1,831

256

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

148 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 149

Elkhart

Floyd

Allen

Knox

Hamilton

7.0x

6.4x

6.4x

5.6x

5.5x

Marion

Lake

Allen

Hamilton

St. Joseph

4.7x

2.0x

6.4x

5.5x

4.2x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

591

WHITE

174

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

38,480,904

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Indiana

Blacks are 3.4 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

Marijuana
possession

44.0%

All other
drug offenses

56.0%

1,132

205

529

94

877

138

1,641

256

1,235

177

538

129

1,132

205

877

138

334

164

460

98

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

0

200

400

600

800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

0

200

400

600

800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

557

485

493

582

660

676

700

655

676

591

0

200

400

600

800

204

225

197

210

221

231

202

186

194

174

Appendix B | 151

Dubuque

Woodbury

Johnson

Linn

Clinton

10.0x

8.1x

7.8x

7.3x

7.3x

Polk

Linn

Scott

Johnson

Black Hawk

5.0x

7.3x

6.6x

7.8x

5.9x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

WHITE

174

BLACK

1,454

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

22,845,638

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Iowa

Blacks are 8.3 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

168

1,064

186

1,252

179

1,456

177

1,233

179

1,411

179

1,608

176

1,650

160

1,453

166

1,509

174

1,454

0

500

1000

1500

2000

Marijuana
possession

62.8%

All other
drug offenses

37.2%

1,148

157

2,090

284

1,918

247

2,036

251

1,816

181

0

250

500

750

1,000

1,250

1,500

1,750

2,000

2,250

1,850

315

1,918

247

2,202

336

2,090

284

887

179

0

250

500

750

1,000

1,250

1,500

1,750

2,000

2,250

0

250

500

750 1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000 2,250

0

250

500

750 1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000 2,250

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

150 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 151

Montgomery

Saline

Crawford

Lyon

Sedgwick

6.4x

5.9x

5.8x

5.6x

5.5x

Sedgwick

Douglas

Leavenworth

Riley

Butler

5.5x

3.7x

2.0x

3.0x

3.6x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

688

WHITE

156

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

20,182,786

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Kansas

Blacks are 4.4 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

194

570

153

331

198

548

229

763

217

670

177

655

204

796

180

678

138

576

156

688

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

43.8%

All other
drug offenses

56.2%

961

176

655

117

743

128

1,268

215

906

142

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

365

102

343

116

82

40

583

159

961

176

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

0

150

300

450

600

750

900 1,050 1,200 1,350

0

150

300

450

600

750

900 1,050 1,200 1,350

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 153

Nelson

Campbell

Kenton

Hardin

Barren

32.1x

12.2x

10.0x

5.2x

4.5x

Jefferson

Kenton

Boone

Warren

Hardin

3.5x

10.0x

3.8x

2.7x

5.2x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

697

WHITE

117

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

19,499,768

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Kentucky

Blacks are 6.0 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

361

874

285

789

290

798

330

1,218

117

890

416

1,916

444

1,929

284

1,385

168

1,092

117

697

0

500

1000

1500

2000

Marijuana
possession

31.8%

All other
drug offenses

68.2%

1,086

243

676

130

2,348

235

5,686

465

324

10

0

600

1,200

1,800

2,400

3,000

3,600

4,200

4,800

5,400

676

130

173

64

65

17

2,348

235

982

278

0

600

1,200

1,800

2,400

3,000

3,600

4,200

4,800

5,400

0

600 1,200 1,800 2,400 3,00 3,600 4,200 4,800 5,400

0

600 1,200 1,800 2,400 3,00 3,600 4,200 4,800 5,400

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

152 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 153

Tangipahoa

St. Landry

Lafourche

Vermilion

Terrebonne

11.8x

10.7x

6.6x

5.1x

4.6x

East Baton Rouge

Jefferson

Caddo

St. Tammany

Lafayette

4.6x

3.1x

3.3x

3.2x

3.3x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

569

WHITE

182

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

46,450,368

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Louisiana

Blacks are 3.1 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

192

452

196

395

239

448

261

554

237

642

258

743

249

620

259

629

211

632

182

569

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

37.0%

All other
drug offenses

63.0%

286

62

215

42

841

128

758

71

586

50

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

632

190

1,025

323

855

255

472

152

866

190

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size
Data unavailable for Orleans County (New Orleans)

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 155

York

Kennebec

Penobscot

Sagadahoc

Androscoggin

5.0x

2.5x

2.3x

2.0x

1.9x

Cumberland

York

Penobscot

Kennebec

Androscoggin

1.4x

5.0x

2.3x

2.5x

1.9x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

461

WHITE

216

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010: $

8,868,964

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Maine

Blacks are 2.1 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

283

483

219

486

212

367

225

352

203

446

211

442

216

392

221

468

218

469

216

461

0

100

200

300

400

500

Marijuana
possession

47.9%

All other
drug offenses

52.1%

599

314

796

395

583

251

416

164

1,399

282

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

599

314

416

164

583

251

1,399

282

225

156

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

0

150 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350

0

150 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

154 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 155

Baltimore City

Cecil

Queen Anne’s

Talbot

Caroline

5.6x

3.9x

3.7x

3.4x

3.2x

Montgomery

Prince George’s

Baltimore

Baltimore City

Anne Arundel

3.2x

2.4x

2.0x

5.6x

2.4x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

790

WHITE

276

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

106,702,784

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Maryland

Blacks are 2.9 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

267

529

243

502

254

544

252

563

259

649

261

678

276

742

288

821

275

796

276

790

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

49.9%

All other
drug offenses

50.1%

1,162

360

1,090

325

1,257

344

1,197

309

1,622

288

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

599

253

1,622

288

666

331

358

148

463

145

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

0

200

400

600

800

1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

0

200

400

600

800

1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 157

Barnstable

Plymouth

Suffolk

Norfolk

Bristol

11.0x

10.5x

4.8x

4.2x

3.8x

Middlesex

Worcester

Essex

Suffolk

Norfolk

3.5x

2.0x

1.0x

4.8x

4.2x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

61

WHITE

16

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010: $

9,327,650

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

MassachusettsBlacks are 3.9 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

Marijuana
possession 9.5%

All other
drug offenses

90.5%

75

20

65

16

81

17

63

6

194

18

65

16

81

17

17

16

38

19

34

10

0

50

100

150

200

0

50

100

150

200

129

285

105

302

105

219

102

181

110

234

112

427

120

446

118

403

15

81

16

61

0

100

200

300

400

500

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

156 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 157

Monroe

St. Clair

Jackson

Kalamazoo

Kent

15.4x

10.1x

8.6x

8.5x

7.5x

Wayne

Oakland

Macomb

Kent

Genesee

1.9x

4.2x

5.0x

7.5x

3.4x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

464

WHITE

141

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 : $

94,838,792

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Michigan

Blacks are 3.3 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

Marijuana
possession

49.6%

All other
drug offenses

50.4%

162

214

150

219

143

241

142

257

137

336

136

378

127

401

127

398

128

436

141

464

0

100

200

300

400

500

1,134

151

1,269

149

769

90

1,041

103

710

46

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

402

118

1,134

151

598

120

498

119

330

174

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

0

150

300 450

600 750

900 1,050 1,200 1,350

0

150

300 450

600 750

900 1,050 1,200 1,350

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 159

Hennepin

Ramsey

Dakota

Stearns

Blue Earth

9.1x

7.4x

5.6x

5.5x

5.2x

Hennepin

Ramsey

Dakota

Anoka

Washington

9.1x

7.4x

5.6x

3.7x

1.4x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

835

WHITE

107

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 : $

94,838,792

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Minnesota

Blacks are 7.8 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

Marijuana
possession

42.8%

All other
drug offenses

57.2%

139

329

133

365

124

377

119

690

111

929

103

950

111

1,060

109

1,067

106

933

107

835

0

200

400

600

800

1000

1,001

193

880

161

530

94

753

101

1,069

118

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

195

139

453

124

530

94

753

101

1,069

118

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

158 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 159

Jones

Lauderdale

Pearl River

Forrest

Hinds

8.0x

7.1x

6.6x

6.3x

5.7x

Hinds

Harrison

DeSoto

Rankin

Jackson

5.7x

4.8x

2.2x

3.7x

3.1x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

605

WHITE

157

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 : $

16,740,772

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Mississippi

Blacks are 3.9 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

Marijuana
possession

42.8%

All other
drug offenses

57.2%

139

329

133

365

124

377

119

690

111

929

103

950

111

1,060

109

1,067

106

933

107

835

0

200

400

600

800

1000

708

124

1,355

215

694

105

368

52

604

76

499

163

549

150

65

29

1,544

319

708

124

0

200

400

600

800

1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

0

200

400

600

800

1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 161

St. Louis City

Pettis

Lafayette

Jasper

Butler

18.4x

8.6x

7.8x

7.3x

5.8x

St. Louis

Jackson

St. Charles

St. Louis City

Greene

3.3x

2.2x

4.3x

18.4x

5.0x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

701

WHITE

267

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 : $

49,119,612

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Missouri

Blacks are 2.6 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

188

453

276

443

295

544

293

528

308

603

357

688

301

665

261

692

272

747

267

701

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

50.4%

All other
drug offenses

49.6%

1,523

264

1,646

225

2,408

308

1,443

167

51

3

0

250

500

750

1,000

1,250

1,500

1,750

2,000

2,250

2,500

567

113

51

3

1,376

323

489

220

1,089

331

0

250

500

750

1,000

1,250

1,500

1,750

2,000

2,250

2,500

0

250 500 750 1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000 2,250 2,250

0

250 500 750 1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000 2,250 2,250

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

160 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 161

Yellowstone

Missoula

Flathead

Gallatin

Cascade

Flathead

Yellowstone

Gallatin

Missoula

4.1x

1.4x

10.5x

2.3x

0x

10.5x

4.1x

2.3x

1.4x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

0

150 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350

BLACK

432

WHITE

123

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010: $

6,161,866

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Montana

Blacks are 3.5 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

Marijuana
possession

70.2%

All other
drug offenses

29.8%

0

127

319

138

1,375

131

213

152

504

122

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

138

319

122

504

1,375

131

0

150 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350

51

271

76

128

59

445

20

207

135

335

143

305

137

287

126

355

116

335

123

432

0

100

200

300

400

500

Population size >20,000

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

213

152

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 163

Douglas

Lancaster

Sarpy

Dakota

5.4x

4.7x

3.2x

2.6x

Douglas

Lancaster

Sarpy

Hall

Buffalo

5.4x

4.7x

3.2x

1.0x

0.7x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

WHITE

365

BLACK

1,699

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 : $

22,809,270

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Nebraska

Blacks are 4.7 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

Marijuana
possession

72.8%

All other
drug offenses

27.2%

345

3,278

377

2,812

290

2,257

320

2,136

344

2,217

341

2,218

347

2,002

384

2,067

341

1,915

365

1,699

0

1000

2000

3000

4000

733

284

1,476

457

1,873

398

1,810

338

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

472

647

495

508

1,476

457

1,873

398

1,810

338

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

162 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 163

Churchill

Washoe

Clark

Nye

5.9x

4.3x

4.1x

1.4x

Clark

Washoe

Carson City

Lyon

Elko

4.1x

4.3x

1.0x

0x

1.9x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

WHITE

284

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 : $

41,601,604

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Nevada

Blacks are 4.5 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

BLACK

1,272

Marijuana
possession

50.7%

All other
drug offenses

49.3%

155

559

175

678

151

646

172

741

174

813

192

981

229

1,137

227

1,059

274

1,298

284

1,272

0

500

1000

1500

325

225

1,300

315

970

228

1,175

200

218

116

0

58

177

186

970

228

1,300

315

0

150

300

450

600

750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350

0

150

300

450

600

750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

Appendix B | 165

Cheshire

Merrimack

Strafford

Rockingham

Hillsborough

9.8x

3.3x

2.9x

2.7x

2.1x

Hillsborough

Rockingham

Merrimack

Strafford

Grafton

2.1x

2.7x

3.3x

2.9x

2.0x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

561

WHITE

213

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010: $

6,526,364

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

New Hampshire Blacks are 2.6 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

2,269

296

787

270

677

148

486

226

503

179

321

180

487

172

395

185

565

211

534

213

561

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

53.5%

All other
drug offenses

46.5%

424

200

488

177

529

182

759

229

2,269

232

0

250

500

750

1,000

1,250

1,500

1,750

2,000

2,250

748

377

529

182

759

229

488

177

424

200

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

0

250

500 750 1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000 2,250

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

164 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 165

Hunterdon

Ocean

Monmouth

Warren

Salem

5.1x

4.8x

4.6x

4.5x

4.4x

Bergen

Middlesex

Essex

Hudson

Monmouth

2.9x

3.3x

3.1x

2.3x

4.6x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

593

WHITE

209

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

127,343,512

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

New Jersey

Blacks are 2.8 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

206

439

195

436

199

442

194

440

196

478

198

504

215

524

225

548

213

616

209

593

0

200

400

600

Marijuana
possession

43.4%

All other
drug offenses

56.6%

905

204

958

211

1,295

283

842

174

1,619

315

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,295

283

309

132

478

154

513

154

622

215

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

0

200

400

600

800

1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

0

200

400

600

800

1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 167

Bernalillo

Chaves

Lea

Otero

Dona Ana

3.9x

3.0x

2.9x

2.6x

1.7x

Bernalillo

Dona Ana

Santa Fe

Sandoval

San Juan

3.9x

1.7x

2.4x

1.4x

2.4x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

300

WHITE

161

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 : $

11,079,450

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

New Mexico

Blacks are 1.9 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

199

245

173

306

178

332

191

331

146

194

124

181

198

297

161

258

135

116

161

300

0

100

200

300

400

Marijuana
possession

31.4%

All other
drug offenses

68.6%

733

434

667

255

661

227

1,572

531

80

20

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

452

189

348

240

643

274

733

434

80

20

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

0

200

400

600

800

1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

0

200

400

600

800

1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

166 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 167

Kings

New York

Onondaga

Niagara

Montgomery

9.7x

9.4x

7.8x

7.6x

6.8x

Kings

Queens

New York

Suffolk

Bronx

Nassau

Westchester

Erie

Monroe

Richmond

9.7x
4.6x
9.4x
4.2x
5.1x
3.6x
3.7x
5.7x
6.5x
4.5x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

WHITE

263

BLACK

1,192

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

678,450,560

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

New York

Blacks are 4.5 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

235

946

209

922

202

848

187

734

182

806

201

883

209

984

219

980

232

1,129

263

1,192

0

500

1000

1500

Marijuana
possession

59.4%

All other
drug offenses

40.6%

2,291

336

2,114

280

3,029

391

1,952

208

1,554

161

0

350

700

1,050

1,400

1,750

2,100

2,450

2,800

3,150

0

350

700 1,050 1,400 1,750 2,100 2,450 2,800 3,150

0

350

700 1,050 1,400 1,750 2,100 2,450 2,800 3,150

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

1,381

309

1,383

213

1,910

337

711

193

314

88

1,640

324

1,055

251

1,952

208

839

182

1,554

161

Appendix B | 169

Hoke

Stanly

Surry

Nash

Wayne

9.6x

6.7x

6.7x

6.7x

6.5x

Mecklenburg

Wake

Guilford

Forsyth

Cumberland

4.6x

1.9x

3.2x

4.6x

3.4x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

503

WHITE

149

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 : $

54,934,668

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

North Carolina Blacks are 3.4 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

171

424

195

447

195

497

228

546

189

500

184

519

202

632

198

629

172

574

149

503

0

200

400

600

Marijuana
possession

53.6%

All other
drug offenses

46.4%

227

35

1,718

257

1,001

149

714

106

81

8

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

141

42

926

203

984

306

393

208

520

112

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

0

200

400

600

800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

0

200

400

600

800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

168 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 169

Burleigh

Stutsman

Ward

Grand Forks

Stark

6.4x

6.1x

4.1x

3.8x

3.3x

Cass

Burleigh

Grand Forks

Ward

Morton

2.9x

6.4x

3.8x

4.1x

19.0x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

732

WHITE

166

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010: $

3,722,051

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

North Dakota

Blacks are 4.4 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

161

570

133

488

157

631

153

746

178

618

168

730

197

874

171

937

171

601

166

732

0

200

400

600

800

1000

Marijuana
possession

56.6%

All other
drug offenses

43.4%

481

147

573

150

1,140

281

1,317

217

1,411

220

809

43

1,140

281

573

150

1,411

220

529

183

0

150 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350 1,500

0

150 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350 1,500

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 171

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

512

WHITE

125

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

120,148,064

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Blacks are 4.1 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

Ohio

Columbiana

Allen

Stark

Scioto

Portage

13.8x

13.2x

7.4x

7.0x

7.0x

Cuyahoga

Franklin

Hamilton

Summit

Montgomery

6.2x

1.6x

2.5x

6.8x

1.7x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

155

293

121

262

156

362

150

433

157

464

146

465

152

514

138

560

134

540

125

512

0

200

400

600

824

118

837

113

1,370

104

161

12

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

138

82

1,039

152

689

272

369

234

560

91

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

0

150 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350

0

150 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350

Marijuana
possession

48.2%

All other
drug offenses

51.8%

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

185

27

170 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 171

Kay

Creek

Pontotoc

Garfield

Stephens

8.0x

5.7x

5.3x

5.2x

4.9x

Oklahoma

Tulsa

Cleveland

Comanche

Canadian

2.7x

2.4x

3.3x

4.2x

4.4x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

763

WHITE

268

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

30,829,904

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Oklahoma

Blacks are 2.8 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

299

654

288

622

321

650

310

701

291

736

294

836

304

886

286

881

291

825

268

763

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

52.4%

All other
drug offenses

47.6%

663

134

1,278

245

2,078

394

1,286

225

2,205

275

0

250

500

750

1,000

1,250

1,500

1,750

2,000

2,250

1,128

258

983

235

1,518

457

480

199

724

270

0

250

500

750

1,000

1,250

1,500

1,750

2,000

2,250

0

250

500

750 1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000 2,250

0

250

500

750 1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000 2,250

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

Appendix B | 173

Lane

Multnomah

Washington

Marion

Benton

3.5x

3.3x

2.8x

2.8x

1.9x

Multnomah

Washington

Clackamas

Lane

Marion

3.3x

2.8x

2.0x

3.5x

2.8x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

563

WHITE

271

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

50,194,024

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Oregon

Blacks are 2.1 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

183

418

171

296

188

247

199

539

208

483

222

502

245

497

245

548

247

533

271

563

0

200

400

600

Marijuana
possession

54.6%

All other
drug offenses

45.4%

614

329

736

266

434

155

396

119

1,932

557

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

2,000

736

266

1,932

557

146

73

434

155

396

119

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

2,000

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

172 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 173

Lawrence

Lycoming

Somerset

Westmoreland

Washington

11.2x

10.0x

9.4x

8.9x

8.6x

Philadelphia

Allegheny

Montgomery

Bucks

Delaware

4.9x

5.7x

4.2x

4.1x

3.3x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

606

WHITE

117

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

100,748,528

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Pennsylvania

Blacks are 5.2 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

108

404

107

408

105

392

110

471

107

483

111

541

116

606

119

673

115

603

117

606

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

37.3%

All other
drug offenses

62.7%

903

105

535

60

345

37

1,098

110

858

77

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

434

131

549

135

448

106

730

128

672

137

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 175

Racial disparities in all counties

Bristol

Washington

Kent

Newport

Providence

7.4x

6.9x

3.8x

2.8x

2.7x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

524

WHITE

201

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

11,851,363

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Rhode Island

Blacks are 2.6 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

195

530

182

489

192

528

197

537

161

444

171

525

160

578

172

581

207

699

201

524

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

59.1%

All other
drug offenses

40.9%

1,595

215

935

329

2,046

298

639

167

457

169

0

250

500

750

1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

ARREST RATES

174 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

Appendix B | 175

Spartanburg

Anderson

Oconee

Newberry

Richland

4.8x

4.3x

3.9x

3.9x

3.8x

Greenville

Richland

Charleston

Spartanburg

Horry

3.5x

3.8x

3.2x

4.8x

3.3x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

679

WHITE

242

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

49,540,640

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

South CarolinaBlacks are 2.8 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

229

408

182

367

289

544

268

572

279

635

278

672

273

678

152

411

212

638

242

679

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

53.6%

All other
drug offenses

46.4%

684

181

892

231

562

145

628

147

409

85

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

975

293

409

85

1,394

435

684

181

833

236

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

0

150 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350

0

150 300 450 600 750 900 1,050 1,200 1,350

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 177

Pennington

Brookings

Minnehaha

Yankton

Brown

6.1x

5.5x

3.7x

3.5x

3.5x

Minnehaha

Pennington

Brown

Brookings

Codington

3.7x

6.1x

3.5x

5.5x

6.8x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

943

WHITE

197

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010: $

5,551,929

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

South Dakota

Blacks are 4.8 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

284

1,502

267

1,280

268

1,323

248

1,472

111

514

151

888

150

677

205

1,071

225

1,256

197

943

0

500

1000

1500

Marijuana
possession

50.0%

All other
drug offenses

50.0%

538

155

282

81

893

244

1,079

196

1,308

214

0

250

500

750

1,000

1,250

1,500

1,750

2,000

2,040

299

1,079

196

538

155

1,308

214

893

244

0

250

500

750

1,000

1,250

1,500

1,750

2,000

0

250

500

750

1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000

0

250

500

750

1,000 1,250 1,500 1,750 2,000

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

176 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 177

Monroe

Obion

Knox

Anderson

Blount

10.1x

6.9x

6.2x

6.0x

5.4x

Shelby

Davidson

Knox

Hamilton

Rutherford

4.2x

3.8x

6.2x

2.7x

3.6x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

771

WHITE

191

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

42,948,820

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Tennessee

Blacks are 4.0 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

188

342

174

334

216

446

221

475

225

551

209

562

237

698

210

659

204

705

191

771

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

42.2%

All other
drug offenses

57.8%

1,002

186

986

163

1,085

176

991

143

501

50

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

921

254

561

207

1,085

176

1,284

334

679

162

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

0

150 300

450

600

750

900 1,050 1,200 1,350

0

150 300

450

600

750

900 1,050 1,200 1,350

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 179

Van Zandt

Cooke

Chambers

Hopkins

Waller

34.1x

24.7x

9.3x

8.4x

6.5x

Harris

Dallas

Tarrant

Bexar

Travis

El Paso

Collin

Hidalgo

Denton

Fort Bend

3.0x
2.8x
3.1x
2.2x
3.3x
2.2x
1.9x
1.6x
2.7x
1.4x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

622

WHITE

267

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

251,648,800

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Texas

Blacks are 2.3 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

237

453

212

420

214

380

255

526

236

550

242

584

257

604

250

634

270

651

267

622

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

53.5%

All other
drug offenses

46.5%

811

125

2,596

308

3,822

411

3,029

123

2,403

71

0

400 800 1,200 1,600 2,000 2,400 2,800 3,200 3,600 4,000

0

250

500

750

1,000

335

238

463

169

544

349

282

145

715

326

1,011

311

1,092

488

536

176

372

131

665

218

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

178 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 179

Iron

Utah

Tooele

Weber

Washington

8.4x

7.9x

7.8x

6.1x

5.2x

Salt Lake

Utah

Davis

Weber

Washington

2.6x

7.9x

2.6x

6.1x

5.2x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

557

WHITE

146

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

14,070,766

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Utah

Blacks are 3.8 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

5,507

198

506

183

517

167

378

170

410

142

380

153

414

150

411

153

379

156

489

146

557

0

200

400

600

Marijuana
possession

35.8%

All other
drug offenses

64.2%

413

79

661

108

904

116

1,331

168

5,507

656

413

79

661

108

346

136

1,331

168

360

140

0

600 1,200 1,800 2,400 3,000 3,600 4,200 4,800 5,400

0

600 1,200 1,800 2,400 3,000 3,600 4,200 4,800 5,400

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 181

Rutland

Windham

Windsor

Caledonia

Chittenden

16.8x

9.6x

6.8x

4.7x

3.8x

Chittenden

Rutland

Washington

Windsor

Franklin

3.8x

16.8x

0x

6.8x

0x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

514

WHITE

118

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010: $

4,887,939

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Vermont

Blacks are 4.4 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

111

316

115

302

119

574

134

724

132

437

158

718

134

568

130

491

134

529

118

514

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

53.3%

All other
drug offenses

46.7%

296

78

584

124

928

136

1,815

190

1,962

117

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

2,000

0

90

928

136

0

99

1,962

117

296

78

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

2,000

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 2,000

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

180 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 181

Arlington

Botetourt

Smyth

Montgomery

Warren

7.8x

7.6x

6.7x

6.3x

6.2x

Fairfax

Virginia
Beach City

Prince William

Chesterfield

Loudoun

3.1x

2.4x

2.1x

3.0x

3.0x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

514

WHITE

182

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

67,244,864

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Virginia

Blacks are 2.8 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

153

315

146

324

143

343

144

379

144

413

148

439

171

516

174

513

171

492

182

514

0

100

200

300

400

500

Marijuana
possession

53.8%

All other
drug offenses

46.2%

967

156

1,046

167

898

134

1,282

168

669

86

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

431

146

705

238

646

308

447

187

604

195

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,350

0

150

300

450

600

750

900 1,050 1,200 1,350

0

150

300

450

600

750

900 1,050 1,200 1,350

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 183

Pierce

Kitsap

Franklin

Island

Snohomish

4.2x

4.1x

2.8x

2.6x

2.3x

King

Pierce

Snohomish

Clark

Kitsap

2.3x

4.2x

2.3x

2.0x

4.1x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

353

WHITE

128

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

34,626,312

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Washington

Blacks are 2.8 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

180

348

158

339

165

307

125

237

122

305

144

337

180

512

178

465

141

391

128

353

0

100

200

300

400

500

Marijuana
possession

33.7%

All other
drug offenses

66.3%

251

110

223

84

561

199

376

93

650

154

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

376

93

56

27

251

110

650

154

217

96

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

0

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

182 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Appendix B | 183

Cabell

Hancock

Ohio

Mercer

Monongalia

7.3x

6.8x

5.6x

5.0x

4.4x

Kanawha

Berkeley

Monongalia

Cabell

Wood

3.2x

4.2x

4.4x

7.3x

8.8x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

BLACK

745

WHITE

228

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

17,375,348

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

West Virginia

Blacks are 3.3 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

183

644

97

303

122

347

147

613

148

662

170

869

116

721

274

685

266

760

228

745

0

200

400

600

800

Marijuana
possession

55.1%

All other
drug offenses

44.9%

714

164

725

144

648

115

689

101

1,005

138

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

1,027

117

1,005

138

714

164

1,014

239

1,123

351

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050

1,200

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050 1,200

0

150

300

450

600

750

900

1,050 1,200

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Appendix B | 185

Brown

Rock

Dane

Racine

Milwaukee

7.6x

6.6x

6.5x

4.8x

4.7x

Milwaukee

Dane

Waukesha

Brown

Racine

4.7x

6.5x

12.7x

7.6x

4.8x

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

WHITE

215

BLACK

1,285

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010 :$

44,366,056

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Wisconsin

Blacks are 6.0 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

142

727

252

597

245

472

255

537

228

679

233

970

220

1,116

214

1,104

214

1,209

215

1,285

0

500

1000

1500

Marijuana
possession

60.9%

All other
drug offenses

39.1%

1,201

254

1,085

226

1,848

285

1,604

244

1,310

172

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

1,085

226

1,310

172

1,663

131

1,848

285

1,201

254

0

200

400

600

800

1,000

1,200

1,400

1,600

1,800

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

0

200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

184 | The War on Marijuana in Black and White

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Appendix B | 185

Natrona

Albany

Sweetwater

Laramie

3.9x

3.3x

3.0x

2.4x

Laramie

Natrona

Campbell

Sweetwater

Fremont

2.4x

3.9x

1.3x

3.0x

0x

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2010

Statewide marijuana possession arrest rates 2001-2010

Times more likely
Blacks arrested

White arrest rate

Black arrest rate

WHITE

376

Cost

Money spent enforcing marijuana
possession
laws in 2010:$

9,148,026

Drug Arrests by Offense in 2010

Wyoming

Blacks are 3.2 times more likely than
whites to be arrested for marijuana possession

Arrest Rates

BLACK

1,223

407

1,152

366

1,494

346

1,002

403

1,005

364

1,253

404

889

376

1,223

0

500

1000

1500

Marijuana
possession

67.1%

All other
drug offenses

32.9%

1,048

441

1,427

470

2,467

752

1,913

492

0

500

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

0

132

1,427

470

570

454

1,913

492

1,048

441

0

500

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

0

500

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

0

500

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

Population size >30,000, Black population >2%

Includes all counties, listed in order of size

Counties with the largest disparities

Counties with the largest population

Source: FBI / Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data and U.S. Census Data
*All arrest rates are per 100,000 and based on 2010 data

ARREST RATES

Racial Disparities In Marijuana Possession Arrest Rates*

All counties with racial disparities
above the national average (3.73)

Over the last twenty years, police have turned much of
their zeal for fighting the failed War on Drugs towards
the enforcement of marijuana laws in communities
across the country – with disastrous consequences.

The aggressive enforcement of marijuana possession
laws needlessly ensnares hundreds of thousands of
people into the criminal justice system, crowds our
jails, wastes billions of taxpayers’ dollars, fails to
reduce marijuana use and availability, diverts precious
police resources away from focusing on serious crimes,
and is carried out in a racially biased manner.

It’s time to call off the failed War on Marijuana.

THE WAR ON
MARIJUANA
IN BLACK
AND WHITE

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