Training Manual

Blu-ray Technology
Technology Introduction Course: BD-01

......................3 Blu-ray Specfications ..................................................................................................... 4 Blu-ray Compatibility .....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................10 Blu-ray Disc verses HD-DVD Specification Comparison Table B . 10 Sony Blu-ray Disc Player (BDP-S1) ...................................Table of Contents Blu-ray Disc .................................................3 What is Blu-ray Disc? ..................................................................................................................... 11 ....................................................................................................................................................10 Blu-ray Disc (BD) Types ...........4 Blu-ray Disc verses DVD Specification Comparison Table A..........

3 . high quality video content storage and transfer and interactive functions. In the following sections and chapters we will go into more detail concerning all the Blu-ray Technology enhancements. As we go through the following sections you will see that the BD is really an enhanced version of the standard DVD that has been so successful over the past few years. The Blu-ray Disc technology was developed by a group of companies (Blu-ray Disc Association BDA) including Sony. Apple. BD and DVD both technologies where designed with two main objectives in mind. Sharp. The BD technology was specifically design to accommodate High-Definition (HD) content due to its ability to effectively and efficiently store and transfer large amounts of digital data. The physical disc construction and laser system have been significantly redesigned to attain all the enhancements that this new technology offers. Panasonic.Blu-ray Disc What is Blu-ray Disc? Blu-ray Disc (BD) is both a new physical disc construction and laser technology. and LG just to mention a few. The name “Blu-ray” comes from the fact that the visible laser is the color blue (actual Blue/Violet). Samsung. The “e” in the word blue is intentionally omitted because a daily-used term cannot be registered as a trademark. Pioneer. and is the next generation optical playback and recording format following standard DVD and CD optical formats.

85 120mm 1.7GB (Single Layer) 8.5GB (Dual Layer) 650nm (Red Laser) 0.08Mbps (1X) 10. This new technology boasts 5 times the data storage amount (25GB) for a single layer disc and 6 times the data storage amount (50GB) for a dual layer disc to that of the standard single and dual layer DVD disc.32um 36Mbps (1X) 54Mbps (1.8Mbps MPEG-2 Linear PCM Dolby Digital DTS Digital Surround Interactivity Reference Figures 1 & 2 DVD-Video The two over-riding specifications driving the BD technology is data storage and data & video transfer.60 120mm 1.74um 11.1mm 0. 4 .08Mbps (<1X) 720 x 480 (480i) 9.1.2mm 0.2mm 0.6mm 0.5X) 1920 x 1080 (1080p) 40Mbps MPEG-2 MPEG-4 AVC SMPTE VC-1 Linear PCM Dolby Digital Dolby Digital Plus Dolby True HD DTS Digital Surround DTS-HD BD-J Standard DVD 4. Blu-ray Disc Blu-ray Specfications Blu-ray Disc verses DVD Specification Comparison Table A Parameters Blu-ray Disc Storage Capacity Laser Wavelength Numerical Aperture (NA) Disc Diameter Disc Thickness Protective Layer Track Pitch Data Transfer Rate (Data) Data Transfer Rate (A/V) Video Resolution (Max) Video Bit Rate (Max) Video Codecs Audio Codecs 25GB (Single Layer) 50GB (Dual Layer) 405nm (Blue Laser) 0.

1 mm NA 0.6 mm 0.5 G B 15 G B (3 x DV D) 30 G B (3.85 CD 780nm 780nm DV D 650nm 650nm HD-DV D 405nm 405nm B lu-ray Dis c 405nm 405nm 700 MB S L 4.65 NA 0.2 mm .1.7 G B DL 8.6 NA 0. Blu-ray Disc Blue Laser Enables Increased Density Label S ide Label S ide Label S ide Label S ide 0.6 mm 0.5 x DV D) 25 G B (5 x DV D) 50 G B (6 x DV D) Figure 1 Optical Disc Data Layer and Density Comparison Diagram 5 1.45 NA 0.1 mm 0.

• • • Laser Wavelength Objective Lens Numerical Aperture (NA) Protection Layer 6 .08Mbps Video Max rate: 9.4Mbps DVD HD DVD BD-ROM Video Max rate: 40Mbps 10. Transfer data rate comparison CD 1.1.55Mbps 54Mbps (*) BD-RE/R x2 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 72Mbps Higher Transfer Rate realize Better Picture Quality Figure 2 Optical Disc Data Transfer Rate Comparison Chart The data transfer rate of BD technology boast 4 times for the BD-ROM and 7 times for the BD-RE/R (Reference Figure 2 for details). Blu-ray Disc Max.8Mbps Video Max rate: 28Mbps 36. The remarkable gains achieved in the previous two specifications are primarily due to design changes to three components in the optical system.

1. Blu-ray Disc Capacity and (λ . The smaller pits.6 high density 650nm 405nm Figure 3 Blu-ray verse DVD Protective Layer and NA Comparison Diagram Reference Figure 3 The Laser Wavelength and Numerical Aperture are the primary system components causing the increase in data storage capacity on the BD. smaller beam and shorter track pitch together enable a single-layer BD to hold more than 25 GB of information.6 0.85 Shorter wavelength: x2. Laser Wavelength A blue laser has a shorter wavelength (405 nanometers) than a red laser (650 nanometers) used in the standard DVD.6mm 0. Plus. DVD Light spot (area size) 100% 20% Blu-ray Disc 1. The smaller beam focuses more precisely. NA ) Adoption of λ (wavelength)= 405nm Blue Violet laser and NA(Numerical Aperture)= 0. BD has reduced the Track Pitch from 0. enabling it to read information recorded in pits that are only 0.74 microns to 0. 7 . once again.85 realized 1/5 beam spot size of DVD.32 microns.1mm 1.2mm Protection layer thickness 0.2mm Higher NA: x2 high density 0. about five times the amount of information that can be stored on a DVD.this is more than twice as small as the pits on a DVD.15 microns (µm) (1 micron = 10-6 meters) long -.

Furthermore. such as a pit. Notice in figure 3 that the objective lens has been moved closer to the disc surface. and therefore. detect fine detail at a fixed object distance. the smaller the distance the higher the numerical aperture. and also focus light (the laser) on a specific point at a specific distance.15um Track Pitch 0. as the light reflects off the data layer and passes through the Protective Layer it scatters at various angles rather than reflecting directly back into the lens.72um Pit Length 0. The higher the Numerical Aperture figure the better the optical system can read the much smaller pits on the BD. and the protective layer is much thinner as compared to standard DVD. and therefore. and reducing the Protective Layer thickness. Disc tilt has little affect on performance due to the significant decrease in distance the laser beam must travel to access the disc’s data layer. The lens and protective layer design also virtually eliminates the negative affects caused by disc tilt and disc surface dirt and scratch anomalies. Consequently. Blu-ray Disc Pit Length 0. much less of the overall beam is affect by the dirt or scratch.1. it diffracts and splits into several beams bending at increasing angles from the original beam. When light (or Laser) hits an object. This is exactly what the BD system designers did. on a DVD data layer.40um Track Pitch 0. The Numerical Aperture increases by placing the objective lens as closer to the disc surface. Disc surface dirt and scratches have little affect on performance because the objective lens is much closer to the disc surface.32um Data Tracks Data Tracks Blu-ray Disc (BD) Standard DVD Figure 4 Track Blu-ray & DVD Figure 4 Pitch & Pit Length Diagram Blu-ray verse DVD Track Pitch and Pit Length Objective Lens Numerical Aperture (NA) & Protective Layer Numerical aperture is a measure of the lens system’s ability to gather light. 8 . the laser beam at the surface (entering the disc) of the disc is much wider.

2mm CD Data Layer Data Layer 780 MB Capacity Evolution of Concumer Optical Discs Figure 5 Evolution of Consumer Optical Discs 9 .7 GB Capacity (Single Layer) 25 GB Capacity (Single Layer) 1. Blu-ray Disc Blue Laser 0.6mm BD Data Layer DVD 4.1mm Red Laser Infrared Laser 0.1.

Sony Blu-ray Disc Player (BDP-S1) The BDP-S1 is one of the first video players of any type to provide true 1080p output — 1920 x 1080 pixels progressive scan.6mm 0. this is where much of the similarities stop. DVD. Even if your HD-capable TV is a few years old and lacks a digital HDMI connection. you can still experience Blu-ray. TV makers are shifting to 1080p resolution for their top-performing flat-panel and projection TVs. Because of these differences between the BD and the HD-DVD technologies. Blu-ray Disc verses HD-DVD Specification Comparison Table B Parameters Blu-ray Disc HD-DVD Storage Capacity Laser Wavelength Numerical Aperture (NA) Disc Diameter Disc Thickness Protective Layer Track Pitch Data Transfer Rate (Data) Data Transfer Rate (A/V) Video Resolution (Max) Video Bit Rate (Max) Video Codecs 25GB (Single Layer) 50GB (Dual Layer) 405nm (Blue Laser) 0. This due to the previously discussed design changes to the Objective Lens and Disc data layer placement.65 120mm 1.2mm 0. and the HD-DVD.32um 36Mbps (1X) 54Mbps (1.55Mbps (1X) 36. and this Blu-ray player is a pixel-perfect match. The following table (Table B) provides a specification comparison between the BD technology and the competing HD-DVD technology. a BD will not play in a HD-DVD player and visa-versa.2mm 0.5X) 1920 x 1080 (1080p) 40Mbps MPEG-2 MPEG-4 AVC SMPTE VC-1 Linear PCM Dolby Digital Dolby Digital Plus Dolby True HD DTS Digital Surround DTS-HD BD-J 15GB (Single Layer) 30GB (Dual Layer) 405nm (Blue Laser) 0.1mm 0. which is the highest HD signal output currently available. Blu-ray Disc Blu-ray Compatibility The BD has the same disc diameter and thickness as the CD. Reference Table A for the specification comparison between BD and Standard DVD. High-definition signals up to 1080i are available through the player’s component video 10 .1.55Mbps (1X) 1920 x 1080 (1080p) 40Mbps MPEG-2 MPEG-4 AVC SMPTE VC-1 Linear PCM Dolby Digital Dolby Digital Plus Dolby True HD DTS Digital Surround DTS-HD iHD Audio Codecs Interactivity As you can see from this specification comparison table even though HD-DVD uses the same 405nm Blue Laser the data storage and video transfer rate are much lower for the HD-DVD. don’t worry.85 120mm 1.40um 36. However.

The new Java-based interactive menu system further enhances the Blu-ray entertainment experience. Blu-ray Disc output. without the need to flip the disc. BD media comes in pre-recorded. All three BD types come in two versions: single layer and double layer. you’ll be able to check out extras like commentaries and interviews without stopping the movie first. BD-ROM (Read Only Format) BD-R (Write Once Format) BD-RE (Rewritable Format) As with CD and DVD. 11 . This new high-capacity format can hold up to five times more information as a standard DVD. and uses two independent layers placed on one side of the disc to store its information. Blu-ray movies will also include a full CD-quality multi-channel mix. recordable and rewritable disc formats. and offers the same large capacity in a disc format that allows for repetitive usage. Sound quality is improved. and usually contains movies or re-issued TV shows in High Definition format.1-channel audio outputs Coaxial and optical digital audio outputs Remote control (multibrand for TVs) Multichannel 192kHz/24-bit audio D/A converters upconversion for DVD Built-in audio decoding for Dolby Digital and DTS. A Blu-ray player can send this digital info to your TV at a much faster rate than a standard DVD player. and will breathe new life into your entire standard DVD collection by up scaling the video to 1080p (or 720p or 1080i — you can choose the resolution that best suits your TV. A single-layer disc holds up to 25 gigabytes. plus multichannnel uncompressed PCM Blu-ray Disc (BD) Types • • • The follow bullet lists shows the three BD disc types. For example. and component video) Stereo and 5. too. The BDP-S1 also plays standard DVDs. The prerecorded disc is called BD-ROM. S-video. The result is picture quality with flawless clarity and true-to-life texture and depth.1-channel Dolby® Digital and DTS® surround mixes like those found on DVDs. refer to the particular player’s specification list to determine if it plays audio CDs. • • • • • • • • • • • • Plays Blu-ray high-definition discs (selectable output resolution: 1080p signals available through HDMI output only. The key to the BDP-S1’s top-notch video performance is the Blu-ray Disc. Blu-ray is a new chapter in home theater.1. while a double-layer disc holds up to 50 gigabytes of data. A double layer disc may hold up to twice the amount of data or video compared to a single layer disc. The rewritable disc is called BD-RE. In addition to 5. and can be used for archival of huge amounts of data or video. The recordable disc is called BD-R. Therefore. 720p/1080i signals available through HDMI or component video) Plays DVD-Video and DVD-R & DVD-RW Does not play any type of audio CD Selectable 720p/1080i/1080p video (upconverted video available through HDMI output only) BD-Java interactive capability HDMI digital output (combines video and multichannel audio with HDCP copy protection) 1 set of A/V outputs (composite video. The following bullet list is a summary of the major specifications and feature for the BDP-S1. this function is player depend. In so many ways. NOTE: Although this particular palyer does not play audio CDs.

Link are trademarks of Sony Electronics 2004 Sony Electornics Inc.A Service Company BD010606 6/13/06 1 Sony Drive Park Ridge.and i. EMCSA . All rights reserved . New Jersey 07656 Reproduction in whole or part without written permission is prohibited.

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