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# Welcome to the Bollard Pull Calculator for Barges!

What does this Excel Sheet do? This Excel sheet helps you calculate the Required Bollard pull of a Tug used for towing a Barge

How is the Excel Sheet Organised? The Excel Sheet provides three different methods for calculations.

The First method is using a simple Empirical formula. This is contained in the sheet named "Empirical Fo

The Second Method is using industry standard OPL Guidelines for Barge Transportation Vol 5. This is co

The Third Method is based on Bureau Veritas rules and formulas for Bollard Pull Calculations. This is con

How to use this Excel Sheet In all the three methods, the user is asked for some inputs to be provided. For example, the Wetted Surf The user has to provide all the inputs highlighted in blue. For some inputs, Tables and charts are required to be referred. These Tables and charts are provided alo Once all inputs are provided, the components of required bollard pull are calculated and added up to gi

for Barges!

towing a Barge

heet named "Empirical Formula". It provides Bollard Pull for different weather conditions: Calm, Rough and Extreme

portation Vol 5. This is contained in the sheet named "Bollard Pull - OPL Guideline"

## ll Calculations. This is contained in the sheet named "Bollard Pull - BV"

example, the Wetted Surface area of Barge, Wind Speed etc. The Input cells are highlighted in blue.

nd charts are provided alongwith for the user to enter these inputs. lated and added up to give the final Bollard Pull required.

## CALCULATION OF REQUIRED STATIC BOLLARD PULL FOR BARGE: Empirical Formula

FORMULA USED INPUTS: Please input the following Description BARGE NAME Length, L Breadth, B Displacement, Depth, D Draft, d Cargo Height, H Tug Efficiency in percentage(default 75%) Is it Tow by Stern? Actual TUG Bollard Pull
Using Empirical Formula for towing guide by Port Authorities

## Unit m m tonnes m m m Yes/No tonnes

Value BARGE 1 86.00 27.43 9246.19 5.50 4.24 4.09 75.00 No 40.00
BP = { [ ( (v / (120 60)) ] + (0.06B D1) } K (tonnes) Where:
3

v B D1

= = = =

## full displacement of towed vessel, in tonnes

tow speed, in knots breadth of the vessel, in meters depth of exposed transverse section of the vessel including deck cargo above the water line, in meters

Note: For tow by the stern, then the Bollard Pull requirement is to be increased by 20%

BP K

= =

Required bollard pull, in tonnes the factor depending on the likely condition to be met. This factor is intended to reflect desired weather margins.

OUTPUTS: CALCULATED BOLLARD PULL WITH VARIOUS WEATHER CONDITIONS & TOWING SPEEDS Description Length, L Towing Speed, V Breadth, B Displacement, Depth, D Draft, d Cargo Height, H Exposed Height, D1 Weather Factor, K Required Bollard Pull as per formula, Rt Tug Efficiency in percentage(Default 75%), Bollard Pull considering Tug Efficiency = (RT/)*100 Tow by Stern? Final Bollard Pull, BP (in tonnes) Actual TUG Bollard Pull Good 86.00 5.00 27.43 9246.19 5.50 4.24 4.09 5.35 1.00 16.68 75.00 22.24 No 22.24 40.00 SATISFIED Rough 86.00 4.00 27.43 9246.19 5.50 4.24 4.09 5.35 2.00 25.67 75.00 34.23 No 34.23 40.00 SATISFIED Extreme 86.00 1.00 27.43 9246.19 5.50 4.24 4.09 5.35 3.00 26.59 75.00 35.45 No 35.45 40.00 SATISFIED

In General:

for exposed tows, K = 1.0 - 3.0 for sheltered tows, K = 0.75 - 2.0 for protected tows, K = 0.50 - 1.5

<---- Please input the different speeds considered for the three weather conditions

## CALCULATION OF REQUIRED STATIC BOLLARD PULL FOR BARGE: OPL Guidelines

BARGE NAME TOWING SPEED -----> Actual Bollard Pull of Tug -----> Towing Efficiency in % (Default value 75%) Calculation of Frictional Resistance: RF = f1 (S)(v/6)2 , lbs. Description Fouling coefficient(0.4 clean hull, 0.85 fouled hull, usually 0.625) Wetted Surface of the Hull Still water tow speed in knots Frictional Resistance
2

## BARGE 1 knots tonnes 4.0 40.0 75.0

Directions: 1. Fill the input cells which are in blue. 2. The outputs will show in the bottom as the final Bollard Pull required.

3. Use Table 1 for calculating the Height coefficient for Wind Unit Value 0.63 32609 4.0 4.11 4. Use Table 2 for finding the Shape Coefficient for wind 5. Use Table 3 to calculate the Wave Effect Resistance which depends on the wave height. In case the value of Wave Height falls in between two values given in the table, interpolation is to be used

f1 S v RF

## ft2 knots tonnes

Factor Ch (Height coefficient for wind calculations) Height Unit feet feet feet feet feet feet feet Factor 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6

Calculation of Wave Forming Resistance: RWF = 3.42 (f2)(AT)(v) , lbs. Description Hull Shape Coefficient (0.20 for rake ended barges and bluff bowed vessels and 0.50 for square bowed vessels) Transverse Area(Underwater) Still water tow speed in knots Wave Forming Resistance Unit f2 AT v RWF Calculation for Wind Resistance: RW = 0.0034 (AT)(vW+v) , lbs. Description Height Coefficient for Cargo Exposed to Wind (See Table 1) Ch Shape Coefficient for Cargo Exposed to Wind (See Table 2) Cs AC Cargo Transverse Area (Exposed to wind) Topside Transverse Area (Exposed to wind) Total Transverse Area Wind Velocity Still water tow speed in knots Force at 20 knots wind velocity Calculation of Current Effect: RC = 0.016 (S)(vC)2 , lbs. Description Wetted Surface of the Hull Current Speed Current Effect Resistance Calculation of Wave Effect: At 7 feet = 6000 lbs resistance Description Wave Height Force at 16 feet wave Wave Effect Resistance FWR RWH Calculation of Hawser Resistance: RH = 0.10 (RF + RWF) Description Frictional Resistance Wave Forming Resistance Hawser Resistance RF RWF RH S vC RC AH AT vW v RW
2

## ft2 knots tonnes

Table 1: Cargo Height Coefficient for Wind Calculations Unit ft2 ft2 ft
2

## Value 1 1 962.8 453.0 1415.8 40.0 4.0 4.23

Factor Cs (Shape coefficient for wind calculations) Shape Cylinder Flat Perpendicular Surface Isolated Structure Beam-channel angle braces Exposed Beams Derrick (latticed structures) Sphere Table 2: Carge Shape Coefficient for Wind Calculations Cs 0.5 1 1.5 1.3 1.25 0.4

2

## Value 32609 1.0 0.24

Wave Height Effect For wave Force on Hull: Significant Wave Height 5 10 15 20 25 30 feet feet feet feet feet feet Added Resistance 2000 12000 22000 29000 30000 33000 lbs lbs lbs lbs lbs lbs

## Value 4.1 5.8 0.99

OUTPUTS Calculation of Total Resistance: RT = RF + RWF + RW + RC + RWH + RH Frictional Resistance Wave Forming Resistance Wind Resistance Current Effect Resistance Wave Effect Resistance Hawser Resistance Total Resistance Tug Efficiency in percentage(Default value 75%) Required Bollard Pull = (RT/)*100 RF RWF RWH RC RWH RH RT BP tonnes tonnes tonnes tonnes tonnes tonnes tonnes TONNES 4.11 5.81 4.23 0.24 10.62 0.99 26.0 75.0 34.67

CALCULATION OF REQUIRED STATIC BOLLARD PULL FOR BARGE: BV Rules and Formulas
BARGE NAME: INPUTS Symbol
L= B= T= V= Vc = D= S= d= l= Z= P= N= Vfr = rsw = rair = n= Vw = BPt =

BARGE 1

Value
86.00 27.50 4.50 4 1 9246.19 131.53 65 700 1 900 150 11 1.025 1.22 1.2E-06 40 40

Unit
m m m Kn Kn t m^2 mm m m m days Kn t/m^3 kg/m^3 m^2/s Kn Tonnes

Description
Waterline Length Breadth Draft Vessel Speed (Towing Speed) Assumed Current Speed Displacement Windage Area Tow Line Diameter Tow Line Immersed Length Sag of Tow Line Tug to Towed Vessel Distance Number of Days Elapsed Since last Dry Docking Maximum Towing Vessel Speed in Free Run Sea Water Specific Gravity (default value 1.025) Air Specific Gravity (default value 1.22) Viscosity (default value 1.2 10^-6) Wind Speed (default value 40) Actual Bollard Pull of Tug

RESULTS
Symbol Value Unit Description Rf = Cf (rsw)(Sw)(v)2 Reynolds Number, R = vL / Friction Coefficient, Cf = 0.075 / [log10 R)-2]2 Addition to Friction Coefficient due to Hull Fouling, DCf = 0.008 (N)(Cf) Total Friction Coefficient, Cft = Cf + DCf +0.0004 Wetted Surface Area Frictional Resistance

Frictional Resistance Rf R = 184341000 Cf = 0.001910 DCf = 0.002293 Cft = 0.004603 Sw = 2820.23 Rf = 44018 Wave Resistance Rv L/B = 3.13 B/T = 6.11 V/(L)^0.5 = 0.28 Rv / D = 12.00 Rv = 110954 Total Hydrodynamic Resistance Rh Rh = 154972 Aerodynamic Resistance Ra Cx = 1 Ch = 1 Ra = 33974 Tow Line Resistance Rr Rr = 1385 Total Resistance of Towed Vessel Rtot = 190330 Bollard Pull Coefficients (V+Vc)/Vfr = 0.45 Cef = 0.55

m^2 N

N N

(To be taken from the Graph 1 on the right) Wave Resistance Total Hydrodynamic Resistance Ra = Cx * Ch * (rair)(S)(Vw)2 Drag Coefficient(To be taken from the Appendix1 on the right) Height Coefficient(To be taken from the Appendix1 on the right) Aerodynamic Resistance Rr = 4.6 x10-3 (d)(v)2( l + (71.6 Z/P)) , in Newton Tow Line Resistance

N N N