The Cuban Missile Crisis 13-day confrontation between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side, and
the United States on the other, in October 1962. It is one of the major confrontations of the Cold War, and is generally regarded as the moment in which the Cold War came closest to turning into a nuclear conflict. In May 1962 Nikita Khrushchev proposed the idea of placing Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba to deter any future invasion attempt. The United States considered attacking Cuba via air and sea, but decided on a military blockade instead, calling it a "quarantine" for legal and other reasons.
The Cuban Quarantine This initially was to involve a naval blockade against offensive weapons within the framework of the Organization of American States and the Rio Treaty. Such a blockade might be expanded to cover all types of goods and air transport. The action was to be backed up by surveillance of Cuba.
International Response Three days after Kennedy's speech. Two days later. an editorial in Le Monde expressed doubt about the authenticity of the CIA's photographic evidence. Also in France.
. newspapers supported the United States' response. contrasting it with the weak American actions in the region during the preceding months. In France on October 23. the crisis made the front page of all the daily newspapers. the Chinese People's Daily announced that "650.000.000 Chinese men and women were standing by the Cuban people". The next day. after a visit by a high-ranking CIA agent. In West Germany. they accepted the validity of the photographs. They also expressed some fear that the Soviets might retaliate in Berlin. in the October 29 issue of Le Figaro. wrote in support of the American response.