BS 6375-1:2009

BSI British Standards
Performance of windows and doors –
Part 1: Classification for weathertightness and guidance on selection and specification

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BS 6375-1:2009
Publishing and copyright information

BRITISH STANDARD

The BSI copyright notice displayed in this document indicates when the document was last issued © BSI 2008 ISBN 978 0 580 56202 0 ICS 91.060.50 The following BSI references relate to the work on this standard: Committee reference B/538/1+2 Draft for comment 08/30143162 DC

Publication history
First published April 1989 Second edition, April 2004 Third (present) edition, December 2008

Amendments issued since publication
Date Text affected

1 – Site terrain categories 9 Table A. i .1 – Terrain and building factor Sb 14 www.bzfxw.com Summary of pages This document comprises a front cover.2 – Topographic zones 12 B. pages i to iv. an inside back cover and a back cover.4 – Topographical factor 11 Table C. an inside front cover.1 – Flow chart of sequence of test 13 8 List of tables Table 1 – Exposure categories and classifications 3 Table A. BSI 2008 .BRITISH STANDARD BS 6375-1:2009 Contents Foreword 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 iii Scope 1 Normative references 1 Terms and definitions 1 Exposure category and classification Sequence of test 2 Test for air permeability 3 Test for watertightness 4 Test for resistance to wind 6 2 Annexes Annex A (normative) Calculating wind load and selecting exposure category 7 Annex B (informative) Flow chart of sequence of test 13 Annex C (informative) Derivation of the wind load in Table A.2 – Wind load at sea level 10 Table A.2 14 Bibliography List of Figure Figure Figure Figure 16 figures 1 – Air permeability classifications 5 A.1 – Basic wind speed map Vb (from BS 6399-2) A.3 – Table for factor FA for specific altitudes 11 Table A. pages 1 to 16.

BS 6375-1:2009 BRITISH STANDARD www.bzfxw.com ii . BSI 2008 This page deliberately left blank. .

BRITISH STANDARD BS 6375-1:2009 Foreword Publishing information This part of BS 6375 is published by BSI and came into effect on 1 January 2009. The majority of characteristics identified in BS EN 14351 have a number of performance levels. tests previously required by PAS 23-1 for entrance doorsets have been included. clarification of the air permeability tests and requirements. It was prepared by Subcommittee B/538/1. BS 6375 provides guidance to the specifier and the manufacturer on an appropriate level for the UK market. * * BS 6375 has been prepared to provide advice on the selection of performance characteristics for windows and doorsets intended for the UK market. Windows. Part 2: Specification for operation and strength characteristics. Relationship with other publications BS 6375 is published in three parts: * Part 1: Classification for weathertightness and guidance on selection and specification. Doors. windows. Part 3: Additional performance characteristics. The full range of characteristics is also provided in the various parts of BS EN 14351. and introduces the following principal changes: * www.bzfxw.com revision of the foreword to align with Parts 2 and 3. hardware and curtain walling. Supersession This part of BS 6375 supersedes BS 6375-1:2004. For example. 1) Only the first part of BS EN 14351 has been published to date. and of those that are required.e. Doors. It is expected that PAS 23-1 will be withdrawn. Part 2 (Internal doors) and Part 3 (Resistance to fire and smoke) are still in preparation. iii . and Subcommittee B/538/2. shutters. This can be by a single value for a product characteristic or by a value for a particular service condition. BS EN 143511) (see also Information about this document). a doorset in a public building might need to meet a more severe level of performance for some characteristics than a doorset in a dwelling. BSI 2008 . which is withdrawn. Not all the characteristics listed in BS EN 14351 are required for CE marking. only those mandated (i. BS EN 14351 is the harmonized European Standard for windows and doors and is the standard that has to be referenced if the product is to be CE marked. Information about this document This is a full revision of the standard. A list of organizations represented on these committees can be obtained on request to their secretary. under the authority of Technical Committee B/538. * * It is related to the European product standard for windows and pedestrian doors. covered by national building regulations) in the UK need be declared.

g. and does not constitute a normative element. Presentational conventions The provisions of this standard are presented in roman (i. Commentary. Contractual and legal considerations This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. www.bzfxw.com Compliance with a British Standard cannot confer immunity from legal obligations. BS EN 14351 is divided into product groups and BS 6375 is divided into performance characteristics. If a manufacturer wishes to declare a CE marked performance this has to be declared against the appropriate part of BS EN 14351. iv . upright) type. Users are responsible for its correct application. U values for windows). BS 6375 does not identify a recommended performance level for any characteristic that is recommended in national regulations (e. Not all characteristics will be applicable to all product groups or to all end uses. explanation and general informative material is presented in smaller italic type. BS EN 14351 and BS 6375 cover a range of products and characteristics and are therefore divided into parts.BS 6375-1:2009 BRITISH STANDARD Specifiers are not obliged to use a particular performance level but need to be aware that unnecessarily selecting a more severe performance level can incur a cost penalty out of proportion to the performance advantage.e. BSI 2008 . Its requirements are expressed in sentences in which the principal auxiliary verb is ‘‘shall’’. Manufacturers wishing to CE mark products are advised to seek advice from the relevant national regulatory authority. these levels are subject to statute. BS 6375 may be used for product groups not covered by BS EN 14351. In addition.

BSI 2008 . adjustable glass louvres. Windows and doors – Air permeability – Classification BS EN 12208. NOTE Recommendations for the design and installation of patent glazing are given in BS 5516. watertightness and wind resistance for external windows and doorsets. locks and accessories 2) Only the first part of BS EN 14351 has been published to date. and includes windows in which the opening lights are not fully framed. design height (H) maximum height of a wall in which a window or doorset occurs 3. Windows and doors – Air permeability – Test method BS EN 1027:2000. door frame. Loading for buildings – Part 2: Code of practice for wind loads BS EN 1026. e. this is the building ridge height. Windows and doors – Watertightness – Classification BS EN 12210. but includes the opening lights within a vertical patent glazing or curtain walling system.1 NOTE In the case of a dormer window. Part 2 (Internal doors) and Part 3 (Resistance to fire and smoke) are still in preparation. the following terms and definitions apply. as installed.g. Windows and doors – Product standard. any associated side panels and/or top lights. doorset complete unit. and any operating hardware. BS 6399-2:1997. 3.2 NOTE This is also known as a door assembly. 1 . 2 Normative references The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. It is applicable to both factory-glazed and site-glazed products. This part of BS 6375 specifies the exposure categories related to test pressure levels for air permeability. Windows and doors – Resistance to wind load – Classification BS EN 12211. The standard excludes patent glazing (see Note) and curtain walls that span across horizontal structural members of floors. For undated references. It is applicable to all types of vertical windows and doorsets. performance characteristics2) www.bzfxw.com 3 Terms and definitions For the purposes of this part of BS 6375. the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. Windows and doors – Resistance to wind load – Test method BS EN 14351 (all parts). For dated references.BRITISH STANDARD BS 6375-1:2009 1 Scope BS 6375 is the national application document for BS EN 14351. Windows and doors – Watertightness – Test method BS EN 12207:2000. only the edition cited applies. comprising door leaf.

BS 6375-1:2009 BRITISH STANDARD 3.6 wind load peak gust wind pressure that can be expected on a surface of a building window or doorset 4 Exposure category and classification NOTE The classifications given in Table 1 are those suitable for the UK selected from BS EN 12207.4 NOTE Retention of water within the window or doorset system is not defined as leakage. BS EN 12208 and BS EN 12210. For a window or doorset to be included in an exposure category. 2 . The exposure category of a window or doorset shall be classified in accordance with Table 1. BSI 2008 . the test pressure for each relevant characteristic shall be attained or exceeded. The tests shall be performed on a single sample in the following sequence: a) b) c) d) e) air permeability (see Clause 6). The ‘‘controlled’’ type is adjusted to provide a range of ventilation. Doorsets that are tested and classified with a wind load greater than 1 200 shall be classified in accordance with BS EN 12207. watertightness and wind resistance 3. www.bzfxw.com 5 Sequence of test NOTE A flow chart indicating the sequence of test is given in Annex B. ventilation device ventilator other than an opening light incorporated in a window or doorset 3. watertightness (see Clause 7). resistance to wind – safety test to pressure P3 (see Clause 8). water penetration continuous or repeated wetting of the internal surface of the test specimen or parts which are not designed to be wetted when water drains back to external face [BS EN 1027] 3. BS EN 12208 and BS EN 12210. resistance to wind – pulsating test to P2 pressure (see Clause 8).5 weathertightness performance in respect of air permeability. resistance to wind – deflection measurement at pressure P1 (see Clause 8).3 NOTE The ‘‘permanent’’ type provides continuous ventilation.

Combination of test pressure and frame deflection (see BS EN 12210). 6. 3 .3 The air flow passing through the specimen. b) Select the exposure category (see Table 1) equal to or exceeding the determined wind load. as in air-conditioned buildings. Products designed to meet the accessibility requirements of UK building regulations are unlikely to exceed category 800 X.g. when P1 = 2 350 Pa this is classified as Class E 2 350.). the air permeability test can be repeated with the vent closed but not taped. Air permeability test pressures above Class 2 (up to 600 Pa) are available when stringent levels of performance are required. etc. shall be expressed and classified in accordance with BS EN 12207. for example when exceptionally airtight windows or doorsets are necessary. shall be expressed as an average leakage rate per metre length of opening joint visible on the inner face of the specimen and average leakage per metre square of window area. BSI 2008 . A) B) C) D) E) UK exposure category is specified by the design wind load. This information should be included in the test report. This pressure having been repeated 50 times. Classification levels applicable in the UK shall be in accordance with Table 1. shall be taped over except when it is required to determine the amount of air flow through such devices.1 For classification purposes. The test result.5 For the purpose of selecting the appropriate exposure category the following procedure shall be used.BRITISH STANDARD BS 6375-1:2009 Table 1 UK exposure categories A). defined as the numerical average of the positive and negative air permeability values (m3/h) at each pressure step. www.bzfxw.com 6 Test for air permeability NOTE To establish air leakage through the window or doorset and controllable vent (in the closed position). permanent and controlled ventilation devices (including letterplates).5 1. calculated in accordance with Annex A.2 The specimen shall be tested in accordance with BS EN 1026 and the test shall be conducted with both positive and negative pressures. at each pressure difference applied in accordance with BS EN 1026. 6. B) Exposure categories and classifications Watertightness (see Clause 7) Class Maximum test pressure Resistance to wind load (see Clause 8) Class D) Air permeability (see Clause 6) Class C) Maximum test pressure P1 P2 E) P3 Doorsets 800 U 800 X 800 1 200 Windows 800 1 200 1 600 2 000 2 000 + Class 2 Class 2 Class 2 Class 2 Class 2 300 Pa 300 Pa 300 Pa 300 Pa 300 Pa Class 3A 100 Pa Class 3A 100 Pa Class 5A 200 Pa Class 5A 200 Pa Class 7A 300 Pa Class A2 Class A3 Class A4 Class A5 Class AE 800 Pa 400 Pa 1 200 Pa 1 800 Pa 2 400 Pa 1 200 Pa 600 Pa 1 600 Pa 800 Pa (xxxx) Class 0 Class 1 Class 2 Class 2 No test 150 Pa 300 Pa 300 Pa Class 0 No test Class A2 Class A2 Class A2 Class A3 800 Pa 800 Pa 800 Pa 400 Pa 400 Pa 400 Pa 1 200 Pa 1 200 Pa 1 200 Pa 1 800 Pa Class 2A 50 Pa Class 3A 100 Pa Class 3A 100 Pa 1 200 Pa 600 Pa 2 000 Pa 1 000 Pa 3 000 Pa (xxxx) Â (xxxx) Â 0. if any. 6. NOTE Specimens tested with wind load above Class 5 are classified Class E xxxx – where xxxx is the actual test pressure P1 (e. a) Calculate the wind load for the given location (see Annex A).

2 The specimen shall be tested in accordance with BS EN 1027:2000. negative and average results.5 If the second test for air permeability (following the test for resistance to wind in Clause 8) results in air permeability that would place the window or doorset in a lower classification. test procedure A and classified in accordance with BS EN 12208. and the average values shall not exceed those in the appropriate graph in Figure 1. A second graph shall then be constructed in accordance with 6. 7. the test can be repeated with the vent closed but not taped. permanent and controlled ventilation devices (including letterplates) shall be taped over. Fixed lights alone shall be classified by air permeability based on overall area.4 A graph of air permeability rate against test pressure difference shall be constructed. the required test pressure class given in Table 1. The average values shall not exceed those in the appropriate graph in Figure 1.BS 6375-1:2009 BRITISH STANDARD 6.4. This information should be included in the test report. up to and at. 6. Classification levels applicable in the UK shall be in accordance with Table 1. 7. that lower classification shall be used to define the final classification of the window or doorset.3 There shall be no water penetration during the test. www.bzfxw.com 4 . BSI 2008 . including positive. 7. 7 Test for watertightness NOTE To establish whether the ventilation device is watertight.1 For classification purposes.

25 150 300 600 1 2 3 4 Maximum test levels are: Class 1 = 150 Pa.BRITISH STANDARD BS 6375-1:2009 Figure 1 100 80 70 60 50 40 30 27 20 Air permeability classifications 25 20 B 15 12. Clause 4. Class 2 = 300 Pa. 5 .0 2 m 3 /h/m of opening light BSI 2008 m 3 /h/m2 of overall area 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 3 2. NOTE 2 Broken lines on graph denoted A.5 A 1 10 6. . Classes 3 and 4 = 600 Pa.75 4 0. NOTE 1 The classification graph has been generated from the equation and details in BS EN 12207:2000.25 2. B and C illustrate approximate requirements of BS 6375-1:2009.75 C 5.5 1 10 50 100 Pressure in Pa Key 1 Class 2 Class 3 Class 4 Class 0.5 2.0 www.bzfxw.com 0.

P2 pulsating pressure applied for 50 cycles to assess performance under repeated wind loads.5 P1. NOTE 2 BS EN 1026.2 The deflection of any deforming framing member shall be limited to 1/150 of its length (Class A for relative frontal deflection) when subjected to the wind load of P1. 8. three sets of test pressure are defined: * P1 applied to measure the deflection of parts of the test specimen. P3 applied to assess the safety of the specimen under extreme conditions. The assessment of the increase in air permeability is based on the numerical average of the positive and negative air permeability values (m3/h) at each pressure step. NOTE 1 For the purpose of the tests. This repeat air test is conducted with both positive and negative pressures. specifies a repeat air permeability test. NOTE 3 The resistance to wind load test.5 P1. which is cited within BS EN 12211.BS 6375-1:2009 BRITISH STANDARD 8 Test for resistance to wind 8. BSI 2008 . Classification levels applicable in the UK shall be in accordance with Table 1. * * The values of P1. 8. Wind loading shall be calculated in accordance with Annex A. P2 and P3 are related as follows: P2 = 0. which requires both positive and negative pressure testing to be undertaken and the results averaged.3 If glass breakage occurs without damage to the frame members. BS EN 12211. the unit shall if necessary be reglazed once and re-tested. BS 6375 follows the convention of BS EN 14351-1. gives the negative pressure test as an option. and P3 = 1.1 The specimen shall be tested in accordance with BS EN 12211 and classified in accordance with BS EN 12210. However. www.bzfxw.com 6 .

the one specified in BS 6399-2 is more detailed and less conservative. Determine the dormer factor (FD) (see A. Determine the design height (H) [see Note a) and b)] for the wall or walls in which the windows or doorsets are to be installed or the ridge height for dormer windows. A.2.BRITISH STANDARD BS 6375-1:2009 Annex A (normative) Calculating wind load and selecting exposure category General Either the method specified in A. NOTE 1 For the purpose of classification to this British Standard.2.3 value  FA  FT  FD  FF where: FA is the altitude factor.1 The exposure category shall be selected in accordance with A. Using the basic wind speed Vb.3. 7 .2.1: Table A.2 or the method specified in BS 6399-2 shall be used for determining the design wind loading for non low-rise buildings. B. The wind load is given by equation A.1 Select the site terrain category (A. A. NOTE 2 The designer or specifier should take into account any other forms of loading to which the window or doorset might be subjected. D. Determine the appropriate topographical factor (FT) in accordance with A. FF is the funnelling factor.2. there are two acceptable methods of determining the design wind loading for low-rise buildings. The method specified in A. FT is the topographical factor.1.5. E or F) in accordance with A.7).2 is abbreviated.2.6). select the wind load at sea level in accordance with A.2. (A. A. C.3.1) www.bzfxw.com d) e) f) g) h) i) BSI 2008 . Determine the funnelling factor (FF) (see A. FD is the dormer factor. and select the design height band to be used. a) b) c) Using the site location.2 Abbreviated method of determination of wind load for low-rise buildings Procedure To find the wind load the procedure below shall be followed. select the basic wind speed Vb from Figure A.2.2.4. Determine the altitude factor (FA) in accordance with A. the site terrain category and the design height (H).

BS 6375-1:2009 BRITISH STANDARD Figure A. BSI 2008 .1 Basic wind speed map Vb (from BS 6399-2) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 31 12 30 11 29 10 28 27 26 25 10 9 24 Inverness Aberdeen 9 8 23 Dundee Oban Perth 8 7 Glasgow Edinburgh 25 7 26 4 25 Londonderry www.bzfxw.com 6 Newcastle Carlisle Belfast 3 24 York 5 Kingston upon-Hull 24 23 Preston Liverpool 23 Leeds Manchester Sheffield Stoke Nottingham Leicester Birmingham Northampton Norwich 3 Ipswich Bedford Oxford 4 2 22 21 1 25 Aberystwyth 24 23 20 Swansea 0 Irish grid 0 25 1 2 Cardiff 3 LONDON Bristol 2 0 0 40 20 Kilometres 80 120 40 60 80 160 1 Brighton Bournemouth 1 Plymouth 4 100 Statute miles 24 0 0 National grid 1 2 23 3 Channel islands 24 m/s 5 6 7 0 8 .

which takes into account the worst case that normally occurs. further advice should be sought. design height. the method assumes a combined pressure coefficient (CP) of 1.2. an appropriate figure can be determined by the method described in BS 6399-2. If a design wind loading figure is not available from the designer. Table A. If the complexities are beyond the scope of that standard. An alternative is to use an appropriate figure provided by the building designer. Wind load at sea level (0 m altitude) Wind load at sea level shall be determined using Table A. 9 . BSI 2008 .15.1 Site terrain categories Description Open country up to 10 km from open sea Open country more than 10 km and up to 50 km from open sea Open country more than 50 km from open sea Town areas up to 10 km from open sea Category A B www.bzfxw.com C E F D Town areas more than 10 km and up to 50 km from open sea Town areas more than 50 km from open sea A.1 for derivation of Sb factors for each Site terrain categories Site terrain categories shall be selected from Table A.2 were derived.2.2.2 NOTE See Table C.1.1 might not be identical to a loading derived from BS 6399-2.3 NOTE Annex C explains how the wind loads in Table A. Higher coefficients might be experienced at points adjacent to the corners of the building.BRITISH STANDARD BS 6375-1:2009 NOTE Although the wind load determined according to A. it is sufficiently accurate to be used for most low-rise buildings. A. The limitations in this abbreviated method are: a) b) the overall design height (H) is limited to a maximum of 15 m.2.

BSI 2008 .BS 6375-1:2009 BRITISH STANDARD Table A.2 Site wind speed (Vs) at sea level m/s 20 Wind load at sea level Wind load at sea level for site terrain category (see Table A.1) A Pa 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 669 796 893 965 737 877 985 064 809 963 081 168 884 053 182 276 963 146 287 390 045 244 396 508 130 345 510 631 219 450 628 759 311 560 751 892 406 673 878 029 505 791 010 171 607 912 146 319 B Pa 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 569 722 844 934 627 796 930 030 688 873 021 130 752 955 116 235 819 039 215 345 888 128 319 459 C Pa 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 537 677 786 873 592 747 867 963 650 820 952 057 710 896 040 155 773 976 132 258 839 059 229 365 D Pa 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 469 677 844 965 517 747 930 064 568 820 021 168 621 896 116 276 676 976 215 390 733 059 319 508 E Pa 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 441 634 805 934 486 699 888 030 533 768 974 130 583 839 065 235 634 914 160 345 688 991 258 459 F Pa 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 413 601 758 883 455 663 836 974 500 727 918 069 546 795 003 168 594 866 092 272 645 939 185 380 Design height (H) m 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 The values are rounded. 21 22 23 24 25 26 www.bzfxw.com 1 1 1 1 961 220 426 579 1 1 1 1 908 145 329 476 1 1 1 1 793 145 426 631 1 1 1 1 745 072 361 579 1 1 1 1 698 016 282 493 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 036 316 538 702 114 415 654 831 195 518 774 964 279 624 899 102 366 734 028 244 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 979 235 433 592 053 328 541 712 129 424 653 836 208 524 769 965 290 628 889 098 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 855 235 538 759 920 328 654 892 987 424 774 029 056 524 899 171 127 628 028 319 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 803 156 468 702 864 244 579 831 926 334 693 964 991 428 812 102 059 524 935 244 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 752 095 382 610 809 178 486 731 868 264 595 857 929 352 706 988 992 444 822 122 27 28 29 30 31 NOTE 1 NOTE 2 10 . Pa = N/m2.

0 1.56 1.3 Table for factor FA for specific altitudes Altitude m 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175 200 Factor FA 1. ridges.89 1.27 1.44 Altitude m 225 250 275 300 325 350 375 400 425 Factor FA 1. The appropriate topographical factor shall be obtained using Table A.38 1.44 Zone 3 1. Table A.0 1. A.2.3 or determined from equation A.0 1. 11 .2.96 2.0 1.85 Topographical category and description Category 1: Nominally flat terrain ground slope <1/20 Category 2: Moderately steep terrain ground slope 41/5 Category 3: Steep terrain ground slope >1/5 BSI 2008 .76 1.4 Altitude factor Altitude factor (FA) shall be selected from Table A.0 1. cliffs and escarpments might have an adverse effect on the wind load of a building.56 1. in metres (m).21 1.03 (A.69 1.4 Topographical factor www.bzfxw.com Factor FT according to zone from Figure A.0 1.BRITISH STANDARD BS 6375-1:2009 A.63 1.00 1.54 1.5 Topographical factors Topographical factors shall be used where hills.2 Zone 1 Zone 2 1.10 1.28 1.2.16 1.32 Elsewhere 1.05 1.4.2) where: HA is the altitude of the site. Table A.82 1.21 1.32 1.

2L u 0.2. the design wind load for doorsets and windows in the facing walls shall be multiplied by a funnelling factor of 1. Where more than one exposure category is available at a given P1 value. and the gap between them is less than their cross-wind width. 12 .6 Dormer factor www.bzfxw.com To allow for the fact that any form of vertical roof glazing.4L u Zone 1 0.1. A.4L d Lu Zone 2 Zone 1 0.BS 6375-1:2009 BRITISH STANDARD Figure A.0 shall be used. C and D where walls of two building face each other.7 Funnelling factor In site terrain categories A.0 shall be used.4L u Ld Zone 2 0.3.2. B. might be subject to higher loads than those on a vertical face.4L d Zone 2 0. the water tightness and air permeability shall be taken as the worst case scenario. such as dormer windows. select the next highest P1 value in Table 1. a funnelling factor of 1.6 for windows in these locations. the wind load shall be multiplied by a dormer factor of 1.4L u 0.25Lu 0.25Lu Lu Key Length of downwind slope of topographic feature Ld Length of upwind slope of topographic feature Lu A. For all other situations a dormer factor of 1.4L u Zone 3 1. A. For other site terrain categories and buildings not subject to the funnelling effect. BSI 2008 .3 Selection of the exposure category Using the wind load determined in equation A.2 Topographic zones Zone 2 0.

1 BS 6375-1:2009 Air permeability Watertightness Resistance to wind BS EN 1026 BS EN 1027 BS EN 12211 Air permeability Positive air pressure Watertightness test Positive wind pressure test to P1 Negative wind pressure test to P1 Repeated pressure test +P2 to -P2 Air permeability Negative air pressure BS EN 12208 Correct for temp and atmos pressure Classify using Table 1 Average +ve and -ve results at each pressure step www.bzfxw.com Air permeability Positive air pressure Air permeability Negative air pressure Correct for temp and atmos pressure Average +ve and -ve results at each pressure step Compare with original test (Clause 6) BS EN 12207 Classify using Fig 1 Wind loading safety pressure test BS EN 12210 Classify using Table 1 BSI 2008 . 13 .BRITISH STANDARD BS 6375-1:2009 Annex B (informative) Flow chart of sequence of test The sequence of tests specified in Clause 5 is illustrated in Figure B.1. Flow chart of sequence of test Figure B.

Ve. Sa is the altitude factor.6 1. in metres per second (m/s). for components of dimension 5 m or less. Vb. Vs.55 1. has been calculated using equation C. (C. From BS 6399-2:1997.85 E 1.0. the terrain and building factors. H.15. Table 4. Sb is the terrain and building factor.64 1.2: V e = V s 6 Sb where: (C.55 1. has been calculated using equation C. qs. Therefore in the abbreviated method. has been calculated using equation C.25 1. given in Table C.67 1. Ss is the seasonal factor.73 1. Sp is the probability factor. He.1 have been calculated.38 1. up to 10 m and up to 15 m high have been considered in Table A.1: V s = V b 6 Sa 6 S d 6 Ss 6 S p where: Vb is the basic wind speed.46 1. Sd is the direction factor.1) The effective wind speed. Sd. Vs = Vb. CP.BS 6375-1:2009 BRITISH STANDARD Annex C (informative) Derivation of the wind load in Table A.78 1. Sb. In this abbreviated method.69 1.2 The values of wind load have been derived from BS 6399-2 using the following parameters. NOTE 2 For simplicity the effective height. The site wind speed.77 The reference pressure.21 1. is 1. has been taken as the design height (H).3: (C.3) where: Ve is the effective wind speed.68 1. Table C. factors Sa.29 1.3. up to 3 m. in metres per second (m/s). Ss and Sp all have a value of 1.5 1.85 B 1. has been derived from site location using Figure A.42 1.1.2) www.bzfxw.com Vs is the site wind speed. in metres per second (m/s).76 D 1.54 1. up to 6 m. 14 .82 C 1. BSI 2008 .82 F 1. NOTE 1 Design heights.1 Design height (H) m 43 >3 and 46 >6 and 410 >10 and 415 Terrain and building factor Sb Factor Sb according to site terrain category (see Table A. The combined pressure coefficient. The basic wind speed.1) A 1.73 1.

P.4: (C. 15 . P. in pascals (Pa). can be calculated and used in step A. CP is the combined pressure coefficient.1d). an actual wind load. has been calculated using equation C.4) where: qs is the reference pressure. If building heights or combined pressure coefficients are different from those assumed.2. www.bzfxw.com BSI 2008 .BRITISH STANDARD BS 6375-1:2009 Thus the wind load.

the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. BS 5516 (both parts). Performance of windows and doors – Part 2: Classification for operation and strength characteristics and guidance on selection and specification BS 6375-3. only the edition cited applies. external door assemblies to dwellings www.bzfxw.com 16 . Patent glazing and sloping glazing for buildings BS 6375-2. BSI 2008 . For undated references. Performance of windows and doors – Part 3: Classification for additional performance characteristics and guidance on selection and specification PAS 23-1.BS 6375-1:2009 BRITISH STANDARD Bibliography For dated references. General performance requirements for door assemblies – Part 1: Single leaf.

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