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Boiler Sizing

Boiler Sizing

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Published by: TRINADH on Jun 05, 2013
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12/19/2013

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Boiler Sizing

The boiler output is based on the total heat losses for the building plus hot water boiler power. Other additional items that can be considered are; heater battery outputs and other equipment that require heat. For details of Boiler Power for Hot Water cylinder see Hot and Cold water section – Hot water generation & storage page 2.

Boiler Output (kW) (kW) Boiler Margin.

=

Heat Loss (kW) + Boiler Power for HW cylinder

It is useful to add a margin to the previous figure for; 1. 2. 3. 4. In case of future extension. Quick heat up when the system is cold. In case of mistakes in heat loss calculations. Loss of efficiency later in boiler life.

We could add between 15% and 33% as a boiler margin. A large margin means the boiler is less efficient since it is firing for less time. The more time a boiler sits idle with a full capacity of hot water, the more heat is lost up the flue and to a lesser extent from the casing. A suitable margin for most projects is 20% margin.

Total Boiler Output (kW) = Heat Loss (kW) + Boiler Power for HW cylinder (kW) + 20% margin.
Note: In most cases a margin has already been added to the heat loss to size heat emitters. It should be remembered that if this margin is 10% and a further 20% margin is added for boiler sizing then the net resultant margin is 32%.

2. 4. Oversizing pumps means that they consume more electricity than is necessary. Other considerations for oversizing are. A multiple boiler installation is a more efficient method of providing heating since the more boilers that are installed the more they will operate at full load when switched on. retail. 33 l/person for health care. This overall margin of 33% is on the high side so a lower margin is more acceptable. Recommendations CIBSE guide F (2002) section 10.1. 23 l/person for hotels. 4 l/person for offices. health care and education establishments.2. each one was sized at 2/3rds of the total capacity. 3. Seasonal efficiency will be less is boilers are oversized. education and restaurant establishments. 5. Also for Hot Water calorifier sizing the following yard sticks can be used. a smaller margin is acceptable since the system is not heated from cold each morning. Oversizing boilers is a greater capital cost. 110 W/m2 for retail. Also oversizing pumps means that it is more difficult to control the water flow. . Multiple Boiler Installations In the past if two boilers were to be installed. As a guide to boiler capacity (heating load) the following yard sticks can be used.In continuously operated heating systems such as hospitals.2 and BSRIA Guidance Note 12/97 Oversized Heating Plant gives details of plant sizing. 90 W/m2 for offices and industrial buildings. Oversizing of control valves means that they don’t control the flow of water effectively. 1.

The optimum plant size ratio is a compromise between the following factors. A building with low thermal inertia heats up more quickly than one with high thermal inertia and therefore a lower plant size ratio may be used. PSR = installed heat emission / design heat loss Factors for PSR of between 1. people and machinery will offset the heat loss in a building. 6. thermal response of the building. 8. 2. 4. lights.2 and 2.6. occupancy pattern. 3.. Plant Size Ratio CIBSE guide B1 (2002) section 4. Pipe heat losses are increased. . The heat gains from. pre-heat time. seasonal efficiency. 7. 1. greater capital cost and maintenance cost.0 are common. Pumps that are too large will not be operating at the most efficient part of the characteristic curve. This is not usually considered when calculating boiler outputs but helps to reduce the amount of heat required in winter time.7 gives details of Plant Size Ratio (PSR). This is defined as. 5. stability of controls. 9. Oversizing heat emitters mean that the system is more difficult to control with temperature sensors since the room temperature will drift easily beyond the set point.

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