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Bosch Diesel Emissions Information

Bosch Diesel Emissions Information

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10th Diesel Emission Reduction Conference

Advanced Diesel Common Rail Injection System for Future Emission Legislation
Roger Busch Common Rail System Engineering for PC Diesel Systems Robert Bosch GmbH

© Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

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Outlook
• Drivers and Challenges for PC and LDT - Diesel

• Overall System Requirements for Advanced Common Rail

• BOSCH 4th Gen Common Rail Injection Systems

• Potential Evaluation of 4th Gen Common Rail Systems

© Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

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We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. 3 .Diesel System Innovations Diesel Progress .PC © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

5 l/100km 33 kW 51 Nm/l 48.0 kW/l spec. Power [kW/l] © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.4 kW/l 6. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Diesel System Innovations 1936 2003 spec. Torque [Nm/l] Consumption [l/100 km] 149 Nm/l 9. 4 .5 l/100km 130 kW eff. Power [kW] 13.

We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. .Approval Data for PC .Diesel at least Euro 3 source: KBA Germany © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

Diesel System Innovations © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. 6 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

Diesel • Overall System Requirements for Advanced Common Rail • BOSCH 4th Gen Common Rail Injection Systems • Potential Evaluation of 4th Gen Common Rail Systems © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.DEER 2004 4th Gen Diesel Common Rail Injection System Outlook • Drivers and Challenges for PC and Truck . 7 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

influence of small nozzle holes Pressure gradient during closing Post injection (near. influence of pressure level) Opening and closing speed of the needle 8 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. quantity. injection pressure. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.PC Common Rail System 4th Generation FIE Requirements Evaluation Pressure at the needle 3 max. late. time gap. . influence of pressure ramp. tolerance) 2 3 4 5 6 Opening pressure. gradient Max. injection pressure 2b 4 Sensitivity analysis of important injection parameters for the engine performance Needle lift 1 2a 5 6a 6b Time Feature: 1 Pilot injection (number.

9 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Summary Potential Analysis for PC an LDCombustion Process and FIE NOX [g/kg] Particles / NOx = 1/10 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 series applications cept cept cept cept cept cept ept cept cept cept cept ept c c n on on on on on on Co on on on on on C C C C C C C C C C C A B C D E F G H I K L M n = 2000/min.5 bar Euro3 Euro4 Euro4/ 3 1400 kg inertia weight z z fast needle opening velocity but: injection rate during ignition delay injection rate after start of combustion „vario“ nozzle Î rate shaping Î © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.FIE Requirement Evaluation . BMEP = 6.

10 .4th Gen Diesel Common Rail Injection System "Euro 5" . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Einspritzsystem “Optimal” Shape for PC Engines © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

Summary Ö full flexible timing of multiple injection events Ö full flexible choise of injection pressure in the engine map still valid and well . gaining goals on noise. Euro4 .known Ö small precise and stable injection quantities from series Common Rail technology.emission and maintaining EGT 11 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.DEER 2004 4th Gen Diesel Common Rail Injection System CRS System Requirements for PC . . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. power.

but Ö max. allowed injection rate to increase local air ratio strong increase of injection rate after start of combustion high maximum of main injection rate strong rate decrease and fast needle @ end of injection © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.Summary good spray formation Ö low Noise and Ö NOx .formation high spray momentum Ö Ö increase EGR acceptance Ö seperate Ö injection and burning phase very fast needle opening @ start of injection limited quantity during ignition delay.DEER 2004 4th Gen Diesel Common Rail Injection System CRS System Requirements for PC . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. 12 .

DEER 2004 4th Gen Diesel Common Rail Injection System Outlook • Drivers and Challenges for PC and Truck .Diesel • Overall System Requirements for Advanced Common Rail • BOSCH 4th Gen Common Rail Injection Systems • Potential Evaluation of 4th Gen Common Rail Systems © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. 13 . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

PC Common Rail System 4th Generation Piezo-Injector with Coaxial-Vario-Nozzle CRI4-PV Injector -Charakteristics z Basis: CRI3 z z z z Systempressure 1600/1800 bar Space requirement as CRI3 One row for part load Both rows for full load © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. 14 .

4th Generation Common Rail System for PC Vario Nozzle Strategies 12 NOx [g/kg]* 10 8 6 4 2 0 101 98 95 92 89 86 83 200 400 600 n=2000rpm. BMEP=6. displacement [cm³/30s@100bar/dm³] Current Configuration Potential Vario Nozzle copying and passing on to third parties. appropriate power output 15 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.5bar with PI w/o PI Avoidance of PI (except for cold engine and idle) Emission reduction Reduction of QHYD Noise reduction Indepentantly switchable 2nd row Combustion Noise [dB(A)] w/o PI with PI of spray holes 800 1000 1200 1400 hydraulic flow / cyl. We reserve all rights of disposal such as .

g. 16 . e.Hydraulically Amplified Diesel Injection System • Functions Ö Rail Pressure up to 1350 bar Ö HAD .DEER 2004 4th Gen Diesel Common Rail Injection System Advanced Common Rail Systems for PC CRS 4 . delivery controlled high pressure pump platform • Advantages Ö small Qhyd and passive rate shaping to pull down raw emissions and noise @ part load Ö max pressure > 2200 bar @ spray hole to reach high power and reduce raw emissions @ full load (US 06.Injector with hydraulic pressure amplification Ö sophisticated closed loop fuel metering control Ö innovative. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. LD in EU) © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.200bar z Pressure/lift controlled needle z Ramp rate shape z Space requirements as CRI2 z Conventional nozzle © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.350bar z Pressure amplification ≈1:2 z Pressure at the nozzle up to 2. 17 .PC Common Rail System 4th Generation Hydraulically Amplified Diesel Injector (HADI) Injector-Characteristics z System pressure up to 1.

We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. 18 .CRS .Roadmap Pkw und Light Duty < 6t © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.

Advanced Control Functions © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. 19 .

Advanced Control Functions © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. 20 .

21 .Diesel • Overall System Requirements for Advanced Common Rail • BOSCH 4th Gen Common Rail Injection Systems • Potential Evaluation of 4th Gen Common Rail Systems © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.DEER 2004 4th Gen Diesel Common Rail Injection System Outlook • Drivers and Challenges for PC and Truck .

We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.Common Rail System 4th Generation Diesel System Optimization Vehicle mass kW/l € EGT € FIE EGT=exhaust gas treatment FIE= fuel injection equipment © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. 22 .

We reserve all rights of disposal such as 23 .2 g/km Scenario 2: • PM • NOx = 0.Requirement 06.Diesel System Innovations Diesel Challenges .cycle * Scenario 1: • PM • NOx = 0.0/0.2003 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.08 g/km** • CO/HC = 1.Emission Legislation PC Europe • next step in legislation: Euro 5 • NEFZ . ** UBA .0025 g/km** = 0.01 g/km = 0.05 g/km * no high load test under discussion copying and passing on to third parties.0/0.05 g/km • CO/HC = 1.

pHCCI . Goal CRS 3.15 25 % Euro 5 Scenario 2: 0.12 47 % 0.10 0.08 0.10 36 % Eng.Euro 5 . TC2.0 1600 bar with DPF NSC © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.engines“ & low ε .14 55 % 0. Scenario 1: 0.Estimation for PC Euro 5 Estimation..engines“ 0. Vehicle Inertia Mass: 1400 kg.2 1800 bar CRS 4 CRS 4 CRS 3. 24 . out of best single cylinder results with series and prototype FIE „Euro 5 ..20 NOx g/km 0. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.05 35 % Eng. Goal „Euro 4 .

15 66 % 58 % Eng. Scenario 1: 0.22 „Euro 4 .19 71 % 0. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.pHCCI .05 35 % Eng.20 NOx g/km 0.2 1800 bar CRS 4 CRS 4 CRS 3.08 0. TC2.15 25 % Euro 5 Scenario 2: 36 % 0.engines“ 0.Estimation for PC Euro 5 Estimation.. Goal CRS 3. out of best single cylinder results with series and prototype FIE „Euro 5 .engines“ & low ε..0 1600 bar with DPF NSC © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. Goal 0. 25 . Vehicle Inertia Mass: 1800 kg.10 0.Euro 5 .

measure seems to be mandatory.systems • First results out of advanced „Euro 5 . TC2 ) and CRS4 .technology combined with engine measures (e.scenario (NOx = 0.g. vehicle weight and desired power output • Facing a weak Euro 5 .FIE shows tremendeous improvement in NOx .DEER 2004 Common Rail Potential Evaluation for PC Summary PC • Additonal EGT .engines“ • Facing a severe Euro 5 .reduction 26 © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.2 g/km) it‘s most likely to fulfill the limits w/o DeNOx .08 g/km) and „Euro 4 engines“ a DeNOx .scenario (NOx = 0. pHCCI.measures.engine“ .effort scales with CRS . The DeNOx effort can significantly be reduced using high tech CR . also with „Euro 4 .performance. . We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

27 . vehicle weight and the engine itself scaling the effort on exhaust gas treatment side • 4th Gen Common Rail Injection Systems combinded with modern Diesel engines provide lowest raw emissions and fuel consumption values. © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights.DEER 2004 4th Gen Diesel Common Rail Injection System Conclusion • The biggest challenge for future Diesel technology are the continiously strengthenend emission targets • Key factors like power output. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties.

BOSCH © Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even in the event of industrial property rights. We reserve all rights of disposal such as copying and passing on to third parties. 28 .10th Diesel Emission Reduction Conference Thank you for your attention.

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