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1 Geography
Quezon City is situated on the northeast portion of Metro Manila. It is bounded on the north by Caloocan City and San Jose del Monte City in Bulacan Province, on the east by San Mateo and Marikina, on the south by Pasig and Mandaluyong, San Juan and Manila, and on the west by Valenzuela, Caloocan and Manila. Its northeastern and eastern boundaries are defined by the Novaliches Watershed and the Marikina River. It is close to the regions major activity centers like Binondo, Ayala, Monumento, Ortigas, the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA), the North and South Harbor as well as the newly developed Fort Bonifacio Global City. With an area of 16,112.58 hectares (based on 1995 GIS graphical plot), it is the largest among the sixteen (16) cities and one (1) municipality in the region and is almost one-fourth the size of Metro Manila.

2.2 Topography
Situated on the Guadalupe Plateau, the Citys topography is largely rolling with alternating ridges and lowlands. The southern part of the City has a low grade terrain while the northern half is undulating that culminates at the Novaliches Reservoir or La Mesa Dam where the water supply for most of the region is impounded.

2.2.1 Slope
The citys slope is generally undulating to rolling. Most of these parts are of Novaliches Clay which is further categorize as follows; The Urban Land Complex (NvucC/D) with 5-15 percent slope covering an area of 7,598.62 hectares 47.16%. The Novaliches Urban Land Complex (NvucB) with 2-5 percent slope and an area of 1,169.20 hectares or 7.26%. The Novaliches Clay (NvC1) with 5-8 percent slope, slightly eroded has an area of 1,758.52 hectares or 10.91% and the Novaliches Clay (NvD1) with 5-8 percent slope and an area of 242.41 hectares or 1.50%. The San Luis Clay described as the undulating basaltic plateau with 2-5 percent slope, slightly eroded covers an area of 1,486.98 hectares or 9.23%. The San Manuel Clay the minor alluvial plain is also classified into two (2) namely; the San Manuel Clay Loam (SmA) with 2-5 percent slope covers an area of 136.22 hectares or .85% and San Manuel clay loam (SmAf1) with 0-2 percent slope, slightly flooded areas covers an area of 108.34 hectares or .67%. The Burgos Clay, the alluvial fan terraces with 2-5 percent slope covers an area of 557.95 hectares or 3.46%. Other areas are identified as Escarpment and Built up Areas covers an area of 619.88 hectares or 3.85% and 102.36 hectares or.63% respectively. Figure GP-2 Slope Map

2.2.2 Soil
A survey by the Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM) showed that Quezon City has five (5) soil types, namely; the Novaliches Loam Series, San Luis Clay, San Manuel Clay, Burgos Clay and Escapment. The Novaliches Loam series is the predominant soil type commonly called adobe it is mainly characterized as hard and compact. It covers an area of 13,100.86 hectares or 81.31%. The San Luis Clay is a type of soil which is deep, well drained occurring on undulating plateau derived mainly from weathered product of basalt and andesite. It covers an area of 1,486.98 hectares or 9.23%. The San Manuel Clay Loam is type of soil which is also deep, well drained occurring on nearly to gently sloping (0-5% slope) river terraces or leeves minor alluvial plain. This type of soil covers an area 244.55 hectares or 1.52%. The Burgos Clay on the other hand which covers an area of 557.95 hectares or 3.46% are soils which are moderately deep to deep, moderately well drained occurring nearly level to gently sloping or undulating (2-5% slopes) on fan terraces developed from collu-alluvial deposits. The Built up Area (BU) are generally mixed alluvial sediments for sand , silt, peaty and mucky materials overlain by filled up materials of mixed volcanic and marine sediments suitable for urban development. This covers 102.36 hectares or .63%. The Escarpment zone comprises mainly of rolling to steep side slopes and scarps along periphery of Novaliches towards Muntinlupa or along Marikina fault, the soils are shallow to moderately deep with scattered stones and boulders. This covers an area of 102.36 hectares or .63% (Refer to Figure GP-3)

Figure GP-3 Soil Map