You are on page 1of 30

CONTEMPORARY

NURSING PRACTICE

Prepared by:
MS. AILEEN S. ADRALES, RN
Understanding contemporary
nursing practice

Definition Settings of nsg


of Nsg practice

Recipients Scope of
of nursing nursing
Seat Work: ½ yellow
paper
Discuss:
1) What is nursing
2) Why you chose to become
a nurse
3) What contributions you
hope to make to the
health of individuals,
families, communities and
health care.
Nature of Nursing
• Unique health profession, Art and
Science.
• Professional practice of caring
grounded in science, technology, and
knowledge.
• Focus: Individuals, families groups,
communities
• Promote health, self care, prevention of
disease and disability, coping with
illness, achievement of a peaceful
death.
• Research, participation in shaping
health policy and education.
NURSING: DEFINITIONS

• NURSING (as a science)


– Is the scientific knowledge
and skills in assisting
individual to achieve optimal
health. It is the diagnosis
and treatment of human
responses to actual or
potential problem
CANADIAN NURSES ASSOCIATION (CNA)

–Nursing is a dynamic, caring,


helping relationship in which
the nurse assist the client to
achieve and obtain optimal
health. – 1987
CNA
THEMES THAT ARE COMMON TO
THESE DEFINITION:
• Nursing is caring
• Nursing is an art
• Nursing is a science
• Nursing is client-centered
CNA
THEMES THAT ARE COMMON TO THESE
DEFINITION:

• Nursing is holistic
• Nursing is adaptive
• Nursing is concerned with
health promotion, health
maintenance, and health
restoration
• Nursing is a helping
profession
ANA (1980)

• The diagnosis and


treatment of human
response to actual
or potential health
problems
DEFINITION
OF NURSING
FROM
THEORISTS
• Act of using the
environment of
the patient to
assist him in
his recovery.

Florence Nightingale
Hildegard Peplau
– A significant,
therapeutic,
interpersonal process
that functions
cooperatively with
others to make health
possible
– Involves problem-solving
Virginia Henderson
“The unique function of the nurse
is to assist the individual, sick
or well, in the performance of
those activities contributing to
health or its recovery (or to
peaceful death) that he would
perform unaided if he had the
necessary strength, will, or
knowledge.
D
o A steady state is
r maintained through
o adjusting and
t
h
adapting to internal
y and external forces.
Imogene
King
•“A process of action,
reaction and interaction by
which nurse and client
share information about
their perception in nursing
situation.”
Sister Calista Roy
• The person is an open adaptive
system with input (stimuli), who
adapts by processes or control
mechanisms (throughput)

• The output can be either adaptive


responses or ineffective
responses
Martha Rogers
The purpose of nursing
• To promote & maintain
health
• To care for people when
their health is
compromised
• To assist recovery
• To facilitate independence
• To meet needs
• To improve, maintain well
being/quality of life
NURSE
NURSE
• Came from the Latin
word

– “Noutrix”

• Meaning of the word

– “To Nourish”
NURSE: DEFINITION

• NURSE
–Comes from a Latin word “to
nourish” or “to cherish
–One who cares for the sick,
the injured, and the physically,
mentally, and emotionally
disabled
PATIENT: DEFINITION

• PATIENT
–Comes from a Latin word,
“to Suffer” or “to Bear”
–An individual who is in the
state of physical, mental,
and emotional imbalance
QUALIFICATIONS
AND ABILITIES
OF A
PROFESSIONAL
NURSE
A. PROFESSIONAL
PREPARATION
A nurse must:
1.Have a license to practice
nursing in the country;
2.Have a Bachelor of Science
degree in Nursing; and
3.Be physically and mentally fit.
B.PERSONAL
QUALITIES AND
PROFESSIONAL
PROFICIENCIES
The Personal Qualities and
Professional Proficiencies of
a nurse include:
1. Interest and willing to
work and learn
2. A warm personality and
concern for people.
3. Resourcefulness and
creativity as well as a
well-balanced emotional
condition;
4. Capacity and ability to
work with others;
The Personal Qualities and
Professional Proficiencies of a nurse
include:
5. Initiative to improve self and
service;
6. Competence in performing
work
7. Skill in decision-making,
communicating, and relating
with others and being
research oriented; and
8. Active participation in issues
confronting nurses and
nursing.