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Prepared by: MS. AILEEN S. ADRALES, RN
Understanding contemporary nursing practice
Definition of Nsg
Recipients of nursing
Settings of nsg practice
Scope of nursing
Seat Work: ½ yellow paper
Discuss: 1) What is nursing 2) Why you chose to become a nurse 3) What contributions you hope to make to the health of individuals, families, communities and health care.
Nature of Nursing
• Unique health profession, Art and Science. • Professional practice of caring grounded in science, technology, and knowledge. • Focus: Individuals, families groups, communities • Promote health, self care, prevention of disease and disability, coping with illness, achievement of a peaceful death. • Research, participation in shaping health policy and education.
• NURSING (as a science)
– Is the scientific knowledge and skills in assisting individual to achieve optimal health. It is the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual or potential problem
CANADIAN NURSES ASSOCIATION (CNA)
–Nursing is a dynamic, caring, helping relationship in which the nurse assist the client to achieve and obtain optimal health. – 1987
THEMES THAT ARE COMMON TO THESE DEFINITION: • Nursing is caring • Nursing is an art • Nursing is a science • Nursing is client-centered
THEMES THAT ARE COMMON TO THESE DEFINITION:
• Nursing is holistic • Nursing is adaptive • Nursing is concerned with health promotion, health maintenance, and health restoration • Nursing is a helping profession
• The diagnosis and treatment of human response to actual or potential health problems
DEFINITION OF NURSING FROM THEORISTS
• Act of using the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery.
– A significant, therapeutic, interpersonal process that functions cooperatively with others to make health possible – Involves problem-solving
“The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will, or knowledge.
D o r o t h y
A steady state is maintained through adjusting and adapting to internal and external forces.
•“A process of action, reaction and interaction by which nurse and client share information about their perception in nursing situation.”
Sister Calista Roy
• The person is an open adaptive system with input (stimuli), who adapts by processes or control mechanisms (throughput) • The output can be either adaptive responses or ineffective responses
The purpose of nursing
• To promote & maintain health • To care for people when their health is compromised • To assist recovery • To facilitate independence • To meet needs • To improve, maintain well being/quality of life
• Came from the Latin word
– “Noutrix” • Meaning of the word – “To Nourish”
–Comes from a Latin word “to nourish” or “to cherish –One who cares for the sick, the injured, and the physically, mentally, and emotionally disabled
–Comes from a Latin word, “to Suffer” or “to Bear” –An individual who is in the state of physical, mental, and emotional imbalance
QUALIFICATIONS AND ABILITIES OF A PROFESSIONAL NURSE
A. PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION A nurse must: 1.Have a license to practice nursing in the country; 2.Have a Bachelor of Science degree in Nursing; and 3.Be physically and mentally fit.
PERSONAL QUALITIES AND PROFESSIONAL PROFICIENCIES
The Personal Qualities and Professional Proficiencies of a nurse include: 1. Interest and willing to work and learn 2. A warm personality and concern for people. 3. Resourcefulness and creativity as well as a well-balanced emotional condition; 4. Capacity and ability to work with others;
The Personal Qualities and Professional Proficiencies of a nurse include:
5. Initiative to improve self and
service; 6. Competence in performing work 7. Skill in decision-making, communicating, and relating with others and being research oriented; and 8. Active participation in issues confronting nurses and nursing.