Forest Service Southern Forest Experiment Station New Orleans, Louisiana General Technical Report so-1 09 September 1994

English-Portuguese Equivalents of Forestry and Conservation Terms Termos Equivalentes em silvicultura e conserva@o Portugub-InglQs
John K. Francis

ENGLISH-PORTUGUESE EQUIVALENTS OF FORESTRY AND CONSERVATTON TERMS John K. Francis

FOREWORD Signs of deterioration of the global environment and threatened destruction of the vast Amazon forest have stirred a call for action. Conservationists have always been concerned about the tropical forests; now funds are being made available for increased work on problems in the region. Brazilian scientists struggle to communicate with colleagues in the rest of the world while scientists from other areas are discovering that to work effectively in Brazil, one must speak Portuguese. One must also be able to read Portuguese to benefit from the local technical literature. English-speaking scientists have not prepared themselves particularly well in other languages. It was presumed by many that anything important would be published in English, or at least it would be translated into English. Also, Portuguese is generally given a priority somewhat below Spanish, French, and German in forestry and conservation literature, thus few scientists make an effort to study it. Portuguesespeaking scientists and conservationists, on the other hand, are handicapped by limited literature in their own language and a technical vocabulary that is not yet fully developed. The International Institute of Tropical Forestry of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service has been mandated to carry on

cooperative research and technology transfer in the Amazon Basin. This dictionary of forestry and conservation terms has been prepared to aid in communications with our Portuguese-speaking colleagues and for the benefit of others facing similar language barriers. Forestry and conservation are very broad fields, which include many subfields that have large and detailed vocabularies. I have attempted to collect the most common and useful of these terms and determine the equivalencies in English and Portuguese. In many cases, several terms denote the same concept. They will be listed separately, alphabetically in the primary language (left hand column), and in series in the secondary language (right hand column) with the most common term placed first. In a few cases, where specific terms do not exist for a concept in the secondary language, a definition is given. Definitions are not included in the primary language list. Foreign words (borrowed from another language), which are used to denote certain concepts in technical literature in Portuguese, will be given in quotations. Foreign words that have become a part of the language, especially where Portuguese spelling has been applied, are listed without distinction. Several sources were used to collect the terms used in this publication. The glossaries and dictionaries used are referenced below. The majority of the terms included were collected from

John K. Francis is a research forester at the International Institute of Tropical Forestry, U.S. Dcpauuncnt of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rio Piedras, PR 00928-2500; in cooperation with the University of Puerto Rico, Rio I’ ictlras, PR 009364984.

technical literature published in Portuguese; that is, the context of their use suggested their equivalence in the English language. Additional terms were defined through personal communications with Portuguese-speaking professionals. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author wishes to acknowledge the valuable suggestions and corrections given by the following persons: Veronica Alfonso, Christina Andrews, Eduardo Brondizio, Luiz Cardozo da Cruz, Alfred0 Homma, Emilio Moran, Oliver H. Knowles, John Parrotta, Janis Petriceks, Rionaldo Rollo de Almeida, Marcos Santana, Sebastiao Santos da Silva, Gracielza dos Santos, Raimundo Solano Dourado, Mario Souza, Sonia M. Souza, and Sal Trabanino. REFERENCES Chamberlain, Bobby J., Ed. 1991. The Random House Portuguese dictionary. New York: Random House. 399 p. Domingues, Alpheu. 1938. Glossario de fitogeografia. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Diretoria de Estatistica da Produ@o. 16 p. Ediqoes Melhoramentos. 1962. The new Michaelis illustrated dictionary, EnglishPortuguese. SZo Paulo, Brazil: Ediqoes Melhoramentos. 1,123 p. Vol. 1. Ediqoes Melhoramentos. 1962. The new Michaelis illustrated dictionary. PortugueseE n g l i s h . S5o Paula, Brazil: EdiCoes Melhoramentos. 1,320 p. Vol. 2.

Ferreira, Mario. 1980. Terminologia de melhoramento genetic0 florestal. Brasilia, Brazil: Programa National de Pesquisa Florestal, EMBRAPAfiBDF. 88 p. Lantieri, D.; Dallemand, J.F.; Biscdia, R. and others. 1990. Erosion mapping using highresolution satellite data and geographic information system. FAO RSC Series 56-2. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 150 p. Meyer, Arthur B.; Eyre, F.H., eds. 1958. Forestry terminology: a glossary of technical terms used in forestry. Washington, DC: Society of American Foresters. 97 p. Rizzini, Carlos Toledo. 1978. Arvores e madeiras liteis do Brasil. SZo Paulo, SP, Brazil: Editora Souza, Paula Ferreira de. 1973. Terminologia florestal. Guanabara, Guanabara, Brazil:Paulo Ferreira de Sauza. 304 p. Veiga, Alceu de Arruda. 1974. Glossario em dasonomia. Pub. i.f. 4. SZo Paulo, Brazil: Secretaria da Agricultura, Instituto Florestal. 78 p.

TERMOS EQUIVALENTES EM SILVICULTURA E CONSERVACAO PORTUGUfiSINGL& John K. Francis

APRESENTACiiO OS sinais de deteriora@o do ambiente global e ameacas da destrui@o de vasta floresta amazonica tern provocado urn movimento em dire@0 a acao. OS conservacionistas sempre se preocuparam corn a floresta tropical; agora a disponibilidade de fundos estao possibilitando urn trabalho mais abrangente na regiao. OS pesquisadores brasileiros est5o lutando para melhorar a comunicac2o corn seus colegas em outras partes do mundo. Estes, por sua vez, estao descobrindo que para trabalhar eficazmente no Brasil, C precise saber falar portugues e que para ter acesso a literatura tecnica local, devem saber l&la. Pesquisadores da lingua inglesa usualmente nao tern tido urn born preparo em linguas extrangeiras. 0 pensamento, ainda que Co verbalmente manifesto, era que qualquer literatura importante seria publicada em ingles ou que pelo menos seria traduzida para o ingles. Outro fator complicante e que 0 portugues estri em prioridade inferior em rela@o ao espanhol, ao franks, e ao alemrio-poucos pesquisadores extrangeiros encontran tempo para estuda-lo. Pesquisadores e conservacionistas de lingua portuguesa, por outro lado, se encontram em desvantagem por estarem limitados a uma literatura publicada em portugues e a urn vocabulario tecnico q u e a i n d a n5o estri completamente desenvolvido. 0 Instituto International de Dasonomia Tropical do Servicio Florestal dos Estados 3

Unidos tern entre suas metas o desenvolvimento de pesquisas em coopera@ e a transferencia de tecnologia na bacia amazonica. Preparei este dicionkio de termos tecnicos em silvicultura e conservacao para facilitar a comunica@o corn nossos colegas que falam portugues e para beneficiar outras pessoas que estao enfrentando barreiras de idioma similares. A silvicultura e a conserva@o sao areas de estudo muito amplas estan.do ligadas a urn vocabul&rio amplo e precise ern suas muitas subareas. Para atingir O S propositos d e s t a publica@o, eu procurei coletar OS termos mais comums e titeis e determinar OS equivalentes nos dois idiomas. Em muitos cases, verificei que existem varies termos para descrever o mesmo conceito. OS termos a serem traduzidos estso listados individualmente, em ordem alfabetica, na coluna do lado esquerdo e em sequsncia no idioma traduzido na coluna do lado direito, sendo que o termo mais comum e apresentado em primeiro lugar. Em algums cases, onde nZo existem termos especificos para urn dado conceito, uma definicao do termo C apresentada. OS termos da coluna do lado esquerdo nao incluem definicoes. Quando Lermos extrangeiros Go usadas para denominar certos conceitos em portugues, OS mesmos estao colocados entre aspas. Por outro lado, termos extrangeiros que se incorporaram ao idioma portugues, especialmente quando uma grafia propria se aplica, s20 apresentados sem distinsao. V&as foram as fontes usadas na coleta dos termos incluidos nesta publi$ao. Alguns

glossaries e dicionarios foram valiosos (referencias sao apresentadas adiante). A maiorfa dos termos incluidos foram coletados da literatura tecnica publicada em portugues. 0 context0 do uso destes termos sugeriu o seu equivalente na lingua inglesa. Termos adicionais foram definidos em contatos pessoais corn professionais que falam portuguis. AGRADECIMENTOS 0 autor deseja agradecer as valiosas sugestdes e corre@os oferecidas pelas seguintes pessoas: Veronica Alfonso, Christina Andrews, Eduardo Brondizio, Luiz Cardozo da Cruz, Alfred0 Homma, Oliver H. Knowles, Emilio Moran, John Parrotta, Janis Petriceks, Rionaldo Rollo de Almeida, Marcos Santana, Sebastiao Santos da Silva, Gracielza dos Santoa, Raimundo Solano Dourado Mario Souza, Sonia M. Souza, e Sal Trabanino. BIBLIOGRAFIA Chamberlain, Bobby J., Ed. 1991. The Random House Potuguese dictionary. New York: Random House. 399 p. Domingues, Alpheu. 1938. Glossario de fitogeografia. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Diretoria de Estatistica da Produ@o. 16 p. Ediqdes Melhoramentos. 1962. The new Michaelis illustrated dictionary. EnglishPortuguese. Sao Paulo, Brazil: Edicdes Melhoramentos. 1.123 p. Vol. 1. EdiGdes Melhoramentos. 1962. The new Michaelis illustrated dictionary. PortugueseEnglish. Sao Paulo, Brazil: Edisdes Melhoramentos. 1.320 p. Vol. 2.

Ferreira, Mario. 1980. Terminologia de melhoramento genetic0 florestal. Brasilia, Brazil: Programa National de Pesquisa Florestal, EMBRAPA/IBDF. 88 p. Lantieri, D.; Dallemand, J.F.; Biscai’ R. e a, outros. 1990. Erosion mapping using highresolution satellite data and geographic information system. FAO RSC Series No. 562. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 150 p. Meyer, Arthur B.; Eyre, F.H., eds. 1958. Forestry terminology: a glossary of technical terms used in forestry. Washington, DC: Society of American Foresters. 97 p. Rizzini, Carlos Toledo. 1978. Arvores e madeiras titeis do Brasil. Sao Paula, Brazil: Editora Edgard Bliicher Ltda. 314 p. Souza, Paulo Ferreira de. 1973. Terminologia florestal. Guanabara, Guanabara, Brazil: Paul0 Ferreira de Souza. 304 p. Veiga, Alceu de Arruda. 1974. Glosslirio em dasonomia. Pub. i.f. 4. Sao Paulo, Brazil: Secretaria da Agricultura, Instituto Florestal. 78 p.

Table l.--English terms in forestry and conservation and their equivalent words in Portuguese.

English term

Portuguese term

English term

Portuguese term

Abiotic Abundance Access road Acid Acid rain Acid soil Acidophyte Aclimatization Acquisition costs Actinomycetc Adaptability Adhesive Administration Advance regeneration Adventitious bud Adz Aeration Aerial photograph Aerial root Aerial seeding Afforestation After-ripening Age class Age class distribution Agrarian pressure Aggressive growth Agroforestry Agroforestry system Agrosylvopasturalism Air dried weight Air drying Air pollution Albedo Algae All-aged forest Allelopathy All-weather road Alley cropping Allotment

Allowable cut Alluvial plain Alpine Alternate host

Abiotico AbundZmcia Via de acesso Acido Chuva acida Solo acid0 Acidofito Aclimata@o Custos de aquisi@o Actinomiccto Adaptabilidade, Compatibilidadc Adesivo Administra@o Regcnera@o adiantada Bot20 adventicio Trincha Aera@o Fotografia aerea Raiz aerea LanCamento a&co de scmentes Florcstamento, ArborizaQo Matura@o apes a colheita Classe dc idade Distribu@o por classc de idade Press20 agr5ria Exuber2ncia Agrosilvicultura Sistema agrosilvicultural Agrosilvopastoria Peso sec.0 a0 ar Secagem a0 ar livre Polui@o do ar Reflectincia Algas Povoamento multicttiio Alelopatia Estrada permancntc “Alley cropping” LicenGa para 0 cortc ou pastoreio partial, Alotamiento, Pamela Receita anual, Corm permissive1 Planicie aluvial, Planicic sedimcntar Alpino Hospedciro altcrnativo

Alternative source of energy Altimeter Ambrosia beetle Amenity plantation Analysis of variance Anchor point Animal dung Animal feed Animal traction Annual cropping Annual cut Annual ring Annual yield Annulus Ant Anther Anthesis Anthracnose Anthropic soil Aphid Apical dominance Applicator (for chemicals) Applied research Arbor day Arboreal Arboretum Area Aril Arithmetic mean Asexual reproduction Ashes Aspect Attractant Auger Autoccology Auxin Available water Average Ax Azimuth Backbuming Backfire Backpack sprayer Badland Bag (hunting, v.) Bait

Fonte altcmativa de energia Al timetro Besouro da ambrosia Planta@o para amenidadc An&lise de variancia Ponto de ancora Esterco Ra@o animal Tra@o animal Culturas anuais Corte anual Anel de crescimento anual Rendimcnto anual Anel, Ancl de crcscimento Formiga Antera Antes.2 Antracnose Solo antrcipico Pulg20 DomirGncia apical Aplicador (para produtos quimicos) Pesquisa aplicada Dia da tivore Arboreo Arboreto Area Arilo Media aritmetica Reproducao assexual, Multiplica@o assexuada Cinzas Aspect, Orienta@o Atraente Verruma, Trado Autoecologia Auxina Agua disponivel Media Machado Azimute Fogo contra o vcnto, Acero Fogo de encontro, Fogo contra 0 vent0 Pulverizador costal Terrcno sulcado c danificado por erosao Abater, CaCar, Matar Isca

s

Balanced (cnvironmc Bale Balled seedling Band mill Band saw Banding (wildlife) Bar (chainsaw) Bare soil Bare-root (seedling) Bark Bark gauge Bark pocket Bark thickness Barren land Barrier Basal area Basalt Base line data Base saturation Basic research Bat (animal) Beam (wood) Bed (planting) Bedrock Bee Bcctlc Bench Berm Berry Bias Biennial (plant) Binary Binding Binomial regression Biodiversity Biogasification Biological control Biological diversity Biomass Biomass energy Biometry Biosphere Biotechnology Biotype Bird Bird peck Bird’ eye s Black pepper Black water river Blade Blank (planting spot) Blank-filling Blaze

Em equilibria, cquibrado Fardo Torrao Scrraria corn serra dc fita Scrra de fita Anilhar Sabre (motoscrra) Chao limpo Raiz nua Casca Mcdidor de espcssura dc casca Casca inclusa Espessura de casca Tcrreno sem vegcta@o B arreira Area basal Basalto Dados no ponto de origcm OI inicio do estudo Satura@o em bases Pcsquisa basica Morcego Viga, Vigotc Trilha, Vivciro, Cantciro Lcito de rocha firmc Abclha Bcsouro Banco Acostamcnto Baga “Bias”, Tendencia au crros nao a0 acaso Planta bienal B inririo Amarra@o Regressao binomial Biodiversidade Biogasifica@o Controle biologico Divers&de biologica Biomassa, Mat&a organica bruta Energia de biomassa Biometria Biosfera Biotecnologia Biotipo Passaro Bicada de p&ssaros &ho-de-perdiz, &ho de passaro Pimenta-do-reino Rio de agua preta L?imina Falha Replantar falhas Marca em 2rvore 6

Blaze a trail Bleached pulp Bleeding (trees) Blight Block Bloom (v.) Blue-stain Board Board foot Bog Bole Bolt (log) Bolter saw Boom (floating) Boom loader Border Border clfcct Border planting Border row Borchole (insect) Borrow pit Botanic garden Bottomland Boundary marker Boundary planting Bounty Bow (lumber) Bow saw Bract Branch Branching habit Branchwood Branchy Brand Brash Brazil nut Breakdown (machinery) Break-down (sawing) Break-even point Breast height Breeder Breeding Breeding line Broadcast burning Broadcast seeding Broadleaf tree

Broken leader Brown-rot Browse Browse (v.) Browse line Brush Brush cutter

Abrir urn caminho Pasta branqueada Pcrdcr sciva, Exsudacao hlal-das-folhas Bloco Florar, Floresccr Mancha azul, Coloracao azul Tabua Pe tabular, “board foot” Brejo, Charco Fuste Tolete, Torctc, Tom curta Scrra de tolctcs Linha de toras flutuantcs ligadas, Rosario Grua empilhadcira Bordadura, Orla Efcito de bordadura Plantio dc bordadura Bordadura, Filcira limitrol’c Orificio fcito par inscto Arca dc cmprcstimo Jardim botrinico Terra de baixio, Varzca Marco de limitcs Plantio dc dclimitacao Premio Arqucamento Serra dc arco Brictca Ramo, Galho Ramificac;ao Lcnha dc ramos Engalhada hlarca QucbradiGo Castanhs-do-Par& Castanhudo-Brasil Pane, PiPar Dcsdobro primario Ponto ondc custos igualam lucros Altura do peito Criador, Mclhorista Cria@o, Cruzamcnto Linhagem Queimadura espalhada Semeadura a lance f&ore frondosa, Arvorc dc folhas largas, Hardwood Ponta qucbrada Podridrio parda Brotos tenros Pastar, Comer brotos Horizonte de poda animal Mato Corm-mat0

Brush fire Brush hook Brushland Brushwood Brushwood dam

Bucking Bud Bud (v.) Budbreak Bud pruning Buffer strip Buffer zone Building pole Bulldozer Bunch grass Bunching Bundle Bunkhouse Burl Burn (area) Bum (v.) Bush Bush fallow Bush hog Butt (log) Butt cut Butt log Buttress Cabinet making Cable Cable logging Cache Calciphore Calciophyte Calcium Calibrated Caliper (tree) Caloric value Callus Cambium Camp (v.) Campground Canker Canopy Canopy closure cant Cant hook

IncCndio do mato Rocadeira, Foice Campo cerrado, Capocira Lenha do mato Barreira de contencao h erosao feito corn lenha de mato Picagem, Tracamento Bot20, Broto Brotar Quebra de broto, Qucbra de dormencia Poda de botdes Bordadura, Faixa de protccao Zona tampao, Zona dc prote@o Esteio Buldozer, Trator de cstcira Graminea de moita Agrupamento Fardo Alojamento Barriguda de &ore Queimada Queimar Arbusto Pousio do mato Corm-matos Extremidade mais baixa Extremidade mais grossa Segment0 basilar, Tora mais baixa Tora proxima da base Sapopema, Sapopcmba, Contraforte Marcenaria Cabo Baldea@o corn cabos Esconderijo de ferramcntas ou provisoes Calcfcila Calciofita C&i0 Calibrado Compasso de calibre para arvores Valor caloric0 Cal0 C%nbio, Cambium Acampar Acampamento Cancro Dossel, Horizonte dc copas da floresta Fechamento do dossel Bloco de madeim, Tora falquejada Gancho para virar toras, Gato 7

Capillary water Capsule Cardboard Cardinal direction Carpentry Carriage (saw mill) Carrying capacity Carve (v.) Casehardening Cash crop Cash flow Catch crop Catchment Catcna Catface Cattle-raising Cell Cellulose Certified seed Chain (chainsaw) Chain flail Chain saw Chain saw operator Chaining Chaparral Char (v.) Charcoal Charcoal maker Charcoal making Check (wood) Check dam Check scale Checking station Chemical analysis Chip Chip (v.) Chipboard Chipper Chlorophyl Chlorosis Choker Choker setter Chop (v.) Chute Circular mill Circular saw Clay Clay pan Clay soil Cleaning (silvicultural) Clear (lumber)

Agua capilar Capsula cart20 Dire@0 cardeal Carpintaria carro Capacidade maxima dc sustentacao (de animais) Talhar Endurecimento Colheita comercial Fluxo de caixa Producao agricola temporaria, Colheita extra Bacia Catena Fcrida basal Pecuaria CClula Celulose Scmcntes certificadas Corrcnte Rocadcira corn corrcntc Motoserra, Motoscrra corn correntes Motoserrista Sistema de corrent2o Cerrado, Chaparral Carvoejar, Produzir carvao Carvao, Carvao vegetal Carvoeiro Producao de carvao, Carbonizacao Rachadura, Fissura Contencao de erosao Cubagem de verilicacao Posto de inspecao An&lise quimica Lasca, Cavaco Lascar Chapa de madeira aglomerada Picadora, Desintegrador Clorofila Clorose Estropo Estropeiro cortar Rampa de lancamento Serraria de serra circular Serra circular Argila Camada de argila impcrmeavel Solo argiloso Limpeza, Capina Madeira Clara, Madeira scm defeitos

Clearcut Clearcutting method Clearing Clear (v.) Cleave (v.) Cleft grafting Climate Climatic change Climax Climax forest Climb (v.) Climber Clip (v.) Clone Closed forest Close-spaced plantation

Cloud forest Clump of trees Coarse-graincd (wood) Coastal dune Codominant Coefficient of dctcrmination Coefficient of variation Cogeneration Cold hardy Cold storage Collection Color composite Commercial height Commercial thinning Commercial volume Common name Common property Communal Community (plants) Compaction Companion planting Compartment Compass Competition Composition (stand) Compost Compound (yard) Compound leaf Compression wood Concave slope Concession Conditioned Cone Confidence interval Conifer conk

Corte raso, Dcsmatamento, Corte total MCtodo de torte raso Clarcira, Desbravamcnto Dcsmatar, Abrir clarcira Partir, Rachar Enxerto forquilhado Clima MudanCa climatica Climax Floresta climax Subir, Trepar Trepadeira Aparar Clone Bosque fechado, Mac&o florcstal Planta~rio corn espaGamcnt0 estreito EspaGamento apcrtado Floresta de ncblina Grupo de 5rvores Textura grossa Duna litoranea, Duna de praia Codominante Coeficiente de detcrmina@o Coeficiente de varia@o Cogera@o Resistente ao frio Armazenagem a0 frio Cole@0 Composite de cores Altura comercial Desbaste comercial Volume comcrcial Nome comun, Nome vernacular Propriedade comum Comunal Comunidade Compacta@o Plantio consorciado Area module, Talhllo Btissola Competi@o, Concorr&cia Composi@o Compost0 organic0 Recinto Folha composta Madeira dc compressao Declividade concava Venda concessionaria, Concessao, Contrato Condicionado Cone Interval0 de confian$a Conifera Orelha de pau 8

Conservation Construction Container Containcrizcd seedling Continental Continuous variable Continuum Contour lint Contour planting Contour plowing Contrast enhancement Control (experimental) Control point Controlled burn Controlled burning Conversion Conversion factor Convex slope Cooperage Coppice forest Coppice method Coppice-with-standards method Coppicing Copse Cord Corduroy (road) Cores (of logs) Cork Corn Comer tree Corral Correlation coefficient Corridor cultivation Cover Cover crop Crack Crawler tractor Cream off, Cream (v.) Creeper Creeping fire Crevasse Critical level Crook Crooked Crop Crop rotation Crop tree

Conscrva@o Constru@o Recipicntc Mudas em embalagcns Continental Variavel continua S&e continua Curva dc nivcl Plantio cm contorno Arar em contorno Realce de contraste Testemunha, Controlc Ponto de refcrCncia Fogo controlado Qucimar corn fogo controlado Convcrsao Fator dc convcrsao Dcclividadc convcxa Madeira para tanoaria Talhadao Metodo de talhadia Talhadia composta Brota@o Cap30 Corda de madcira, “Cord” Caminho de toras Roletes, Miolo, Mcdula CortiCa Milho .&rvore de esquina Curral Cocficicnte dc corrcla@o Cultivo dc entrclinhas Cobertura, Abrigo de animais silvestres Cultura de cobertura Fenda Trator de esteira, Trator dc rasto Desnatar Trcpadeira, Cip6 Inc&iio lent0 Vsoroca, Fissura profunda Teor crftico, Nivel critic0 Torto Tortuoso Lavoura, Cultura, Colhcita Cultivo rotativo, Cultura dc rota@0 Arvore sclecionadapara proxima rotacao, Arvore dc cultivo Cruzamcnto Poliniza@o cruzada SC@0 transversal Corm transversal Sert-20

Cross Cross pollination Cross section Crosscut Crosscut saw

Crosstie Crotch Crown Crown area Crown class Crown closure Crown fire Crown interception of precipitation Crown thinning

Cruise Crusher Crust Cull (v.) Cull tree Culm Cultivar Cultivate (v.) Cultural treatments Cup (lumber) cut Cut and fill Cut-over forest Cutter Cutting cycle Cutting fee Cutting unit Cutting fee Dam Damage Damping-off Data Deadhead Dead pruning Dead wood Debark (v.) Dcbarkcr Decay Deciduous Deciduous tree Deck of logs Declination Decline Decomposition Deer Defect Deficiency Defoliation Deforestation Degrade (lumber) Degraded arca

Dormente Bifurca@o Copa Area de copa Classe de copa, Camada de copas Fechamento de copas Inctndio de copa Intercepta@o de precipita@o por copas Desbaste de copa, Desbaste por camada dominantc Matagem, Inventtiio florestal para explora@o MAquina esmagadora Crosta Rejeitar sclctivamcnte &ore defeituosa Colmo Cultivar Cultivar Tratos culturais Encanoamento, Abaulamento torte Corte e atcrro Floresta explorada Serrador, cortador Ciclo de torte Taxa de extra@0 Parcela de cxplora@o Taxa de extra@0 Reprcsa Danos “Damping-off’ (Doenqa dc mudas) Dados Viagems scm carga Poda de galhos mortos Madeira morta Descascar Dcscascador Podrid%o, Decadencia Decidua .&-vore caducifblia Pilha de toras Declina@o Declinio Decompos@o Cervo, Vcado Defei to Carcncia, Dcficiencia Desfolha@o, Dcsfolinmcnto Defloresta@o, Desmatamento Degrada@o Area degradada

Degrees of freedom Dchisccnt Delimbing Deliquescent Demonstration Dendritic Dendrograph Dendrology Dendrometer Dense stand Density Den tree Depleted Derelict stand Derived Savannah Description Desert cncroachmcnt Desert shrub Dcsertification Deterioration Development Dew point Diamctcr Diameter at breast height (DBH) Diameter distribution Diameter limit cut Diameter tape Dibble Dibbling Dieback Difficult site Diffuse-porous Diffusion Dig (v.) Digital processing Dimension stock Dioecious Dip (preservative) Diploid Direct seeding Direct sowing Directional felling Discrctc variable Disease Disjunct Disk ploughing Dispatcher Dispersal Distrophic

Graus de liberdade Deiscente Desgalhamento Dcliqiicscente Dcmonstra@o, PadrHo Dendriforme Dendr6grafo Dendrologia Dendrsmetro Parcela densa, Maciqo florestal Densidade Arvore toca Depauperada, Empobrecida Povoamento degradado Savana dcrivada Descri@o Avan~o do desert0 Arbusto de desert0 DesertificaQo Dctcriora@o Dcsenvolvimento Ponto de rocio, Tempemtura de orvalho D&netro D&netro 5 altura do pcito (DAP) DistribuQo diametrica Corte por limite diamktrico Fita de dismetro, Fita diametrica Instrument0 para abrir covas por press30 Sistema de abrir covas por press20 Morto do topo Sitio em condi@cs desfavoraveis Lenho de poros difusos, Porosidadc difusa Difus2o Cavar Processamcnto digital Tlibuas Di6ica Imerao curta Dipldide Plantio direto Plantio direto Derrubada orientada, Tombamento dire$ional Variavel discreta DocnGa Disjuntivo Ara@o corn disco Despachante Dispers2o Distrcifico

Disturbed vegetation Ditch Ditching Diurnal Diversion drain (ditch) Diversity Divide (watershed) Dog (saw mill) Dog-board Doghair stand Dominance Dominant crown class Dormancy Dormant Dorsal fin Downed trees Downslope Drainage Drainage basin Drainage ditch Drift Drip torch Drought Drought-hardy Drought-prone Drought-stress Drum (of winch) Drupe Dry forest Dry kiln Dry pruning Dry season Drying Drying regime Duff

Dune fixation, reclamation Dunnage Durability (wood) Dwarf forest Dynamic equilibrium Early wood Earth ball planting Earth observation satellite Ecological amp1 i tudc Ecological niche Ecologist Ecology

Vegeta@o perturbada Fosso Trinchacao, Abrir canal Diurnal Vala de drenagem Diversidade Divisor de Bguas Garra Tabua marcada corn garras, Ultima tabua no carro Povoamento denso de 5rvores delgadas Domin2ncia Classe de copa dominante Dorm&ncia Dormente Barbatana dorsal, Nadadeira dorsal Arvorcs abatidas Dcclive, Morro abaixo Drenagem Bacia hidrografica Vala de drenagem Movimento flutuante Lanca-chamas Secas, Estiagem Resistente a seca Area de secas freqiientcs, Area sujeita h seca Estresse de murcha Tambor (do guincho) Drupa Florcsta seca, Ccrradao, Caatinga Estufa seca Poda de galhos secos Estacao seca Secagem Programa de secagem , Regime de secagcm Camada organica superficial Manta organica do chao florestal Fixacao de dunas, Recuperacao calco Durabilidade Bosque an20 Equilrbrio din5mico Lenho initial Plantio corn tomio Satelitc de observacao da terra Amplitude ecologica Niche ecologico Ecologo Ecologia

Economic rotation Ecotourism Ecosystem Ecotone Ecotype Ectomycorrhiza Edaphic characteristics Edge effect Edger Edgings Effluent Embankment Ember Embryo Emergent (tree) Emulsifier Encapsulation Enclosure Endangered spccics End checks Endemic Endomycorrhiza Endosperm Energy Energy conservation Energy plantation Enrichment planting Environment Environmental chamber Environmental impact Ephemeral plant Epicormic branch Epigeous germination Epiphyte Equation Erosion Erosion control Escape (plant) Escape-cover Escarpment Essential oil Establishment (plantation) Establishment (seedling) Esthetic considerations Eucalypt Eutrophic Evaluate Evapotranspiration Even-aged stand Evcrgrccn Evolution Exchangeable bases Exfoliate

Rota@0 economica Ecoturismo Ecosistema Ecotono Ecotipo Ectomicorriza Caracteristicas edaficas Efeito de margem, Efcito dc borda Serra canteadeira Aparas, Cantios Efluente Talude Brasa EmbriHo Emcrgente Emulsionante Encapsulaclio Ccrcado Esp@cies ameacadas Rachaduras finais Endcmico, Autoctono Endomicorriza Endosperms Energia Conservacao de encrgia Plantio para producao de energia Plantio dc cnriquccimcnto Meio ambientc Camara de ambicntc controlado Impact0 ambicntal Planta cfemcra, Efcmcrdfita Ramo cpicormico, Ramos ladrdes Germinacao epigea Epifita Equacao Erosao Controlc de erosHo Escapamcnto Abrigo de animais silvcstrcs Escarpa 61eo esscncial Estabelecimento, Implantacao Pegamento Consideracacs estcticas Eucalipto Eutrofico Avaliar Evapotranspiracao Povoamcnto coetinco, Povoamento uniformc Pcrcnifolia, Sempre- vcrdc Evolu@o Bases trocaveis Exfoliar

Exotic species Experiment station Experimental area Experimental error Exploitation Extension service Exterior plywood

Extraction Extractive Extrapolation Face Failer Fallow False annual rings False color Family Farm Farm forestry

Farmer Farming Farmland Fast-growing specie

Fault (geologic) Fauna Feeder road Fell (v.) Felling cycle Felling notch Fence Fencepost Fern Fertile Fertilization Fiber Fiber board Field capacity Field check Field of view Field staff Field test Field trial Figure (wood) Filer Filling-in Final cut Final harvest

Esp&ies exdticas Estacao experimental Area experimental Erro experimental Exploracao, Explotacao Scrvico de extensao Compcnsado para uso exterior, Compensado para us0 exterior Extra@0 Extrativo Extrapolacao Face Derrubador, Motoscrrista, Lenhador Pousio, Descanso, Alqueive An&s anuais, falsos an&s anuais Cor falsa Familia Fazenda Silvicultura en fazendas, Cultivo de florcstas em fazcndas Fazendeiro, Granjciro Lavoura Campos agricolas Esp&cs exubcrantcs, Especies dc rapido crescimento Falha Fauna Estrada secundjria Derrubar, Tombar Ciclo de abate, Ciclo dc derrubas Boca, Talho Cerca Mourao, Pilar Samambaia Fertil Adubacao, Fertilizacao Fibra Chapa de fibra Capacidade de campo Verificacao de camp0 Camp0 visual Pessoal de campo, Equipe de campo Teste de campo, Vcrifica#o de camp0 Ensaio de campo Figura Afiador Plantio de espacos vagos Cone final Explora@o final, Corte final, Colhcita final

Financial maturity Finished lumber Fire Fire control Fire hazard Fire line Fire perimeter Fire plow Fire rake Fire retardant Fire scar Fire-tolerance Firebrcak Firefighting Firefighting crew Firewood Firewood harvest Fish ladder Fixation Flagging Flagging (v.) Flakcr Flash flood Flat-sawn Flood control Flooding Floodplain Floodplain forest Flower Flower (v.) Flume Flush (foliage) Flush (water) Fluted Flyway Fodder tree Fog Foliage Folk medicine Food forest Foodchain Foothill Forage Forb Forest Forest cover Forest-dweller Forest estate Forest farming 11

Maturidade financeira Madeira beneficiada Fogo Controle de incendio Risco de inc&ndio Linha de aceiro Perimetro do fogo Arado de fogo Rast&lo dc fogo Retardante de fogo Cicatriz causada por fogo Resistencia ao fogo Qucbra-fogo, Cortina de seguranca Combatc de inccndios Turma de combate ao fogo, Corpo de bombeiros Lenha Colheita de lenha Escada para peixes Fixacao Fita de marcar Marcacao, Embandciramento Disco de facas Diltivio, Enchente rapida Serrado em sentido tangential Contrble de inundacao Enchente Planicie aluvial, Varzca Floresta inundavel Flor Florar, Florescer Calhe de agua, “Flume” Brotamento rapid0 Flux0 de agua, Jbrro de agua Canelado Rota habitual de aves migratorias Arvore forrageira Nevoeiro Folhagem Medicina popular Floresta produtora de alimcntos Cadeia alimentar Contraforte, Pt da montanha Forragem Arbusto herbaceo Florcsta, Mata, Bosque Cobertura florcstal Silvicola, Habitante da floresta Propriedade florestal Cultivo de florestas

Forest Forest Forest Forest Forest Forest

IncCndio florestal Solo da florcsta Invent&i0 florestal Codigo florestal Manejo florcstal Unidade de manejo florestal Produtos florcstais Forest products Guarda-florestal Forest ranger Reserva florcstal Forest reserve Estradas florestais Forest roads Forest tree improvcmcnt Melhoramento florestal Tipo de floresta Forest type Engenheiro florestal, Forester Dasonomo, Silvicultor Engenharia florestal, Forestry Silvicultura Bifurca@o Fork (stem defect) Forquilhado, Bifurcado Forked Empilhadeira Forklift truck Forma, Porte Form Coeficientc de forma, Fator Form factor de forma Formation (vegetation, rock) Forma@0 Formula Formula Transportador Forwarder autocarregavcl “ Forwarder” Veiculo corn tra@o nas Four-wheel drive vchiclc quatro rodas “Fox-tail”, Rabo dc rap&a Fox-tail Punilha Frass Free-growing tree f&ore corn crescimcnto livre Free-roaming animal Animal domestico criado solto Us0 livre Free use Freqiiencia Frequency Frill girdle Anclagcm corn entalhcs Carregadcira frontal Front-end loader Geada Frost Fruit Fruto Fruiting Frutifica@o Fruit tree Arvore frutffera Combustive1 Fuel Fuelwood Lenha, Madeira para energia Fully stocked Povoamento complete, Completamentc estocado Fumigants Fumegantes Fungi Fungos Mdveis Furniture Furrow Sulco Gall Galha Gallery forest Mata de galerias, Mata ciliar Game farming Cria@o de animais silvestrcs fire floor inventory law management managcmcnt unit 12

Game management Gang mill Gang saw Gent bank Genetic engineering Genetic selection Genetics Genotype Genus Geographic Information System (GIS) Geographic variation Geologic time Geology Geometric mean Germinability Germinating capacity Germplasm Girdle (v.) Girth Grading Gradient Graft Graft (v.) Grain Granulation Grapple Grass Grassland Gravel Gravclcd road Grazing Grazing land Grazing rights Green lumber Green manure Greenbelt Greenchain Greenhouse Grind (v.) Gross national product Gross scale Gross volume Ground cover Ground fire Ground patrol Ground water Group selection method Grove Growing stock Growth Growth rate

Manejo de ca$a, Manejo de animais silvestres Serraria de serra mtiltipla Serra multipla Banco de genes Engcnharia genetica Sclc@o gcnctica Genetica Genotipo Genera Sistema de Informacacs Geograficas Varia@o geogr5fica Tempo geologico Geologia Media geomttrica Germinabilidade, indict dc gcrmina@o Capacidadc gcrminativa Germoplasma Anclar Circunfcrencia Classifica@o Gradicnte EnxCrto Enxertar Grao Granula@o, Aglutinacao PinGas Grama, Graminea Camp0 de gramincas, Camp0 Cascalho Estrada cascalhada Pecu5ria Camp0 de pastagcm, Pastagcm Dircito de pastagcm Mad&a vcrde Adubo vcrde Cintumo Verde Esteira de tabuas verdcs Estufa, Casa-de-vegctacllo Moer Produto national bruto Cubagem bruta Volume sem dedu@o, Volume bruto Cobertura vegetal Fogo rente ao chao Patrulhamento tcrrcstre Agua subtcrr?mea MCtodo de selecao por grupos Bosqucte Estoquc cm crcscimcnto Crescimcnto Taxa de crcscimento

Growth regulators Growth rings Grub (out, v.) Guidelines Gullied Gully Gully erosion Gum tapping Gummosis Gymnosperm GYPSY (logger) H layer Habit (plant form) Habitat Hack (birds, v.) Hack (cut, v.) Halophyte Hand clipper, Hand pruner Hand weeding Handsaw Hardwood

Hardening off Hardpan Harvest Hatchet Haul Heading Headrig Heart rot Heartwood Heavy metals Heavy soil Heavy thinning Hedge Hedge (v.) Hedgerow Heeling-in Height Herbaceous plants Herbarium Herbicide Herd Herd (v.) Heritability Herring-bone (pattern) Heterogeneity Hewing Hierarchical classification

Reguladores de crcscimento An&s de crescimcnto Retirar rafzes do solo PadrOes, Normas basicas Sulcado Vocoroca, Sulco Eros20 em vocoroca Resinagem Gomose Gimnosperma Empreiteiro pequcno, Madeireiro Capa H Habito, Porte, Aspect0 “Habitat”, Ambientc natural Manter aves em estado dc liberdade partial Talhar Halofita Tesoura de poda Monda Serm de mao, Serrote Arvore folhosa, Madeira dura, Madeira-de-lei, Angiosperma Endurecimento “Hardpan”, Camada de solo endurecido Exploracao, Extracao, Safra Colheita Machadinho Transporte, Carreto Rumo Serra de fita grande, Serra cabeceira Arvore corn 2mago podrc Ceme, Coracao Metais pesados Solo pesado Desbaste pesado, Desbastc intenso Cerca viva, Sebe viva Aparar Cerca viva Armazemento tcmporlirio dc mudas em terra Altura Plantas herb&as Herb&50 Herbicida Manada, Rebanho Arrebanhar, Pastorear Herdabilidade Espinho de peixe Heterogeneidade Lavrar corn machado Classificacao hiemrquica 13

High forest High lead logging High stump High thinning High-grading

High-yield variety Hill Hillside Histogram Hoe Hoe (v.) Hog (wood industry) Holistic Hollow tree Homeostasis Homestead (v.) Homogeneous Homologous Honeycomb (defect) Hook (v) Hooker (choker setter) Horizon Horizon thickness Host Hotspot Hull (seed) Human activity Humid Humidity Humification Hummock Humus Hybrid Hybrid vigor Hybridization Hydraulic tree shear Hygrometer Hypogeous gcrminalion Hypsomcter Igneous rocks Impregnation Improvement cut Inbreeding Incipient rot Incompletely carbonized residue Increment borer Indicator plant Indepcndcnt variable

Mata alta, Bosque de fuste alto Baldeacao corn cabos acrcos Taco alto Desbaste por alto ExploracBo dos malhores arvores resultando em degradac;%o da floresta Variedade de alto rendimcnto Colina, Morro Flanco, Encosta Histograma Sacho, Enxada Lavrar, Capinar Repicador Holistico Arvore &a, Arvore corn cavidade Homeostase Colonizar Homogeneos Homologo “Honeycomb”, Perfurado cm forma de favo Enganchar Estropciro Horizonte Espessura de horizonte do solo Hospedeiro Foco de fogo Casca de semente Atividade humana Umido Umidade Humificacao Comoro em terreno pantanoso Humus Hibrido Vigor hifbrido HibridaQto Tesourao hidraulico Higrometro GerminacBo hipogea Hipsometro Rochas igneas Impregnacgo Corte de melhoramcnto Endogamia Podridao incipiente, Madeira ardida Tico Trado Planta indicadora, Padrao dc terra Variavel independcntc

Indigenous species Industrial Infestation Infiltration Infiltration rate Infiltromcter Infra-red Infrastructure Ingrowth Initial attack (fire) Inner bark Inoculate (v.) Inoculum Input Insect Insect repellent Inset ticide Insectivorous Insolation Interception of precipitation Intercropping Interlocking grain Intermediate crown class Intermediate stand Intermediate stand management Intermediate thinning Intermittent planter Internode Interplanting Intersceding Intolerant (to shade) Introduction of spccics Invader Inventory Inversion Irrigation Isotherm Jaguar Jammer Joiner (machine) Joinery Joint Joist Juvenile growth Kaolinite Kerf (saw) Key (taxonomic) Kick-back (chain saw)

Esp&ie indigena, EspCcic nativa Industrial Infesta@o Infiltra@o Taxa de infiltra@o InfiltrGmetro Infra-vermelho Infra-estrutura Ingressos, Arvores alcan$ando certo tamanho Combate initial do fogo Entrecasca, Casca intema Inocular Indculo Entrada, inversao, informa@o “input” Inset0 Repelente de insetos Inseticida Insetfvoro Insola@o Intercepta@o de precipitacao Plantio consorciado Grao revessa Classe de copa intermedikia Povoamento intcrmedilirio, Floresta de constru@o Manejo de povoamentos intermcdiarios Desbaste intermcdiario Maquina corn plantadora intermitente Entre-no, Intcrnodio Interplantio Intersemeadura Intolerante, N%o tolerantc (a sombra) Introdu@o de espccics Invasor Invent&i0 Inversao Irriga@o Curva isotermica Onqa Guindaste, Grua a cabos Junteira Marcenaria, Carpintaria Junta Barrote Crescimento juvcnil Caolinita Rasgo da serra Chave de classifica@o, Chave Golpe dc retrocesso da motosserra, “ Kick-back” 14

Kiln (lumber) Knockdown (weeds) Knot (lumber) Laboratory Lanceolate Land Land management Land rent Land tenure Land use capability Land-use planning Landing Landscape Landslide Large-scale Lateral root Latcrite Latewood Latex Lath Latisols Law of the minimum Layer Layering (rooting) Layout Leaching Leader Leaf Leaf area Leaf blight Leaf-cutter ant Leaf-fall Leaf mold Leaflet Lean tree Legume Leguminous plant Lenticel Level of significance Level (v.) Leveling rod Liana Liberation cut Lichen Life expectancy Life-form Lift truck Lifting (tree nursery) Light Light soil Light thinning Light-demanding spccics Lightning damage Lightwood

Estufa (secar madeira) Secar rapid0 corn herbicida Nodo Laboratorio Lanceolada Terra Manejo da terra Arrendamento de terra Posse da terra, Situa@o fundiaria Capacidade de uso de terra Plancjamento de uso da terra Patio, Plataforma Paisagcm Dcsbarrancamento Grande escala Raiz lateral Laterita Lenho tardio Latex Ripa Latossolos Lei do minim0 Camada Mergulhia, Alporquia Dclincamcnto, Plano Lixivia@o, Empobrccimcnto Flccha, Lider, Ramopontciro Folha Arca foliar Malldas-folhas Sauva Queda de folhas, Mudanca dc folhas Folhas semidecompostas Folio10 Arvorc inclinada Legume Planta eguminosa Lenticela Nivel de signifi&cia Nivelar RCgua dc baliza Liana, Trcpadeira Corm dc libcra@o Liqucn Expcctativa de vida Forma dc vida Empilhadeira Colhcita de mudas dc raiz nua Luz Solo leve, Solo arenoso Desbastc lcve, Desbaste fraco Heliofilas Danos causados por raios Madeira impregada corn resina

Ligniculture Lignified Lignin Limb Limbing Limestone Liming Limiting factor Line (mill) Line planting (enrichment) Line planting method

Linkage Litter (organic) Litter fall Litter layer Littoral Live crown ratio Live deck Live roller Livestock Living fence, Live fcncc Loader Loading Loading boom Loading ramp Loam Loess

Log
Log deck Log drive Log dump Log hauling Log rule

Log scale Log yard Logged-over forest Logger Logging Logging damage

Logging road Logging slash Logging truck

Lignicultura Lignificado Lignina Galho Desgalhamento Pedra cal&ria Calagem Factor limitante Alinhadeira (serraria) Enriquecimento em linhas MCtodo “recrfi”, MCtodo de enriquecimcnto em linhas Vinculagem Liteira, Detrito, “Litter” Serapilheira Queda de detritos, Queda de liteira Manta organica de chao florestal Litoral Proporcao de copa viva Ativada de toras Rolete vivo Gado Cerca viva Maquina carregadora Carregamento Grua hidraulica Rampa de embarque Barro, Marga “Loess”, Deposit0 dc solo feito pelo vent0 Tora Plataforma para cstoque dc toras Transporte fluvial de toras soltas Patio intermediario dearmazenamento Carregamento de toras Formula empirica para estimar PCS tabuais em toras Tabcla de p& tabuais em toras Patio da serraria Floresta explorada para fins madeireiros Madeireiro Toragem, Extra@0 de toras Danos Zrs arvores residuais causados por opera@cs madeireiras Estrada de exploracao Residuos de toragem Caminhao de transporte de toras 15

Long butt Long-term Lookout Lookout tower

Lopping Lopping shears Loss of nutrients Low Forest Low thinning Low-boy trailer Low-cost Low-grade stand Lower story Lowland Lumber Lumber drying Lumber grading Lumbering Lumberjack Lysimetcr Macerate (v.) Machete Maintenance Man-made forest Management plan Mangrove Manioch Manure Map Map projection Mapping Mapping unit Marginal land Marine borer Mark (v.) Marker Marsh Mass propagation Mast (wildlife food) Match wood Maturity Meadow Mean annual incrcmcnt Mean annual precipitation Mean annual temperature Mean annual yield Mcasuremcnt Mechanical thinning Mechanization

Secao defeituosa da tora baixa Long0 prazo Vigia, Observa@o Terre de vigilancia de incendios, Tone de observa@io Desgalhamento (par machado) Tesouras de poda Perda de nutrientes Floresta baixa Desbaste por baixo Reboque baixo para maquinas pesadas Baixo custo Talhao de baixo valor Sub-bosque Terra baixa Madeira de constru@o Sccagem de madeira serrada Classificador de madeira scrrada Extra@0 de madcira Lcnhador, Madeireiro Lisimetro Macerar Tercado, Fade, Machadinha Manutencao Floresta artificial, Floresta de plantio, Arborizacao Plano de manejo Mangue, Manguezal Mandioca, Maniva Es&co de curral Mapa Proje@o cartografica Mapeamento Unidade de mapeamento Tcrreno marginal Broca marinha, Perfuradora marinha, Xilofago marinho Marcar Marcador Igapo, Brejo Propagacao em massa, Estaquia Bolota, Frutos e sementes Madeira para palitos de fosforos Maturidade Camp0 de altitude, Prado Increment0 m&%0 anual Precipita@o media anual Tcmperatura media anual Rcndimento media anual

Medi@o
Desbaste sistematico Mecanizacao

Median Medicinal plant Mensuration Merchantable Merchantable height Merchantable volume Meristem Mesophyte Microclimate Microorganism Microrelief Migration of species Millrun Millwork Mine prop Mine spoil Mineral stain Minor forest product Mistletoe Mixed forest Mixed planting Mixed stand Model Modulus of rupture Moist forest Moisture content Monitor (v.) Monkey Monoculture Monoecious Mopping-up (v.) Mor Morphological fcaturc Mortality Mosaic Mother tree Motorgrader Mounding Moulding Mountain Mowing Muck Mud Mulch Mull Multiple-use Multiple-use managcmcnt Multipurpose managcmcnt Mutation Mutualism Mycelium

Mediana Planta medicinal Mensuracao, Dendrometria Comercial Altura comercial Volume comercial Meristema Mesofita Micro-clima Microorganismo Microrelevo Migra@o de especies Produto sem classifica@Io Produto de uso comum Process0 de moagem PontalCto, Esteiro usado em minas Area degradada por minera@ Mancha mineral Produto menor da florcsta Visco, Erva de passarinho Floresta mista Plantac20 mista Povoamento mist0 Padrgo, Modelo Mddulo de ruptura Floresta timida Teor dc umidade Vigiar Macaco Monocultura, Monocultivo Monoico Apagar as liltimas brasas “Mor”, Tipo de camada organica Caracteristica morfologica Mortalidade Mosaic0 f&ore mae Motoniveladora Amontoamento Moldagem Montanha, Morro Rocada Lama, Lodo Barro Palhagem, Cobertura morta, “Mulch” “Mull”, Tipo de camada organica Us0 mliltiplo Manejo para uso mtiltiplo Manejo para propositos mliltiplos Mutacao Mutualismo MicClio 16

Mycorrhizac Native Natural arca Natural regeneration Natural resource Natural rubber Natural selection Natural thinning Natural variation Naturalized Nature Naval stores Necrosis Necrotic spot Needle (leaf) Nematode Nest (v.) Net scale Net volume Niche (ecology) Nitrification Nitrogen Nitrogen fixation Node Nodulation Nomadic cropping Nomenclature Nonrenewable resourCC Normal distribution Normal forest Normal kill Noxious spccics Null hypothesis Nurse crop Nurse tree Nursery Nursery bag Nursery bed Nursery management Nursery stock Nut Nutrient Nutrient cycling Nutrient depletion Occlusion Offset (surveying) Old growth Olcoresin Open country Open forest Open pollination Open range Open-grown tree

Micorriza Nativo Area natural Regeneracao natural Recur-so natural, Riqucza natural Borracha natural Selecao natural Desbaste natural Variacao natural Naturalizado Natureza Produtos de resinas conifcras Nccrose Area necrosada Acicula Nemadide Aninhar, Nidificar Volume corn defeitos deduzido Volume liquid0 Niche Nitrificacao NitrogEni FixacBo de nitrogenio N6 Nodulacao Agricultura migradria Nomcnclatura Recurso nao-renovavel Distribuicao normal Bosquc normal Caca normal EspCcie daninha agrcssiva Hipotcse nula “Nurse crop”, Plantas protetoras Arvore-ama Viveiro, Alfobre Saco para mudas Alfobre Manejo de viveiro Estoque de viveiro Noz, Castanha, AmEndoa Nutricnte Ciclagem de nutrientes Empobrccimcnto, Pcrda dc nutricntcs 0c1us20 Dcsvio Floresta vclho, Florcsta primaria Olcoresina Camp0 aberto, Campina Bosque aberto, Floresta abcrta Polinizacao livre Camp0 sem cercas Arvore isolada

Opening Openingup Operator Organic matter Organic matter content Organic soil Ornamental Ortet Osmosis Outcrop Outdoor recreation Outer bark Out-planting output Oven-dry Overbark Overcut Overgrazing Overhang Overlap Overlay Overmature stands

Overrun (sawmill) Overstocked Overstory Palatability (grazing) Palm Palmately compound Pan (soil) Panoramic view Paper Papermill Parallax Paramctcr Parasite Parcnchyma Parent material

Park Park-like stand Participatory management Particle Particle board Pass (mountain) Pasture Patch Patch cutting

Clareira Picagem, Abertura Operador Mat&a organica Conteudo de materia organica Solo organico, Solo vcgetal Ornamental Ortete Osmose Afloramento Recrea@o ao ar livre Casca extema Planta@=io Produ@o, Produto final, Resultado Seco a0 fomo, Seco em estufa Corn casca Corm excessive Uso excessive do pasta Saliencia, Proje@o Sobreposi@o, Partc sobreposta Transpor Talhocs passado maduro Talhdes sobremaduros Talhdes estagnados RecuperaGHo passando o estimado Sobrc-estocado, Super estocado Soto-bosquc, Dossel Palatabilidade para o gado Palmeira Folhas palmadas Camada impermclivcl Vista panoramica Papel Fabrica de papcl Paralaxe Par5metro Parasita Parenquima Material de origem, Materiamater Rocha mae, Rocha matriz Parque Arvoredo parco, Vcgeta@o de parque Manejo participative Partfcula Madeira aglomerada Desfiladeiro Pastagem Retalho, Talhao pequcno de arvoies Corte em retalhos 17

Pathological rotation Patrol Pattern Peak Peat Peavey Pedology Peel (veneer, v.) Peeled veneer Peeler log Pellet Pelletizer Percolation Perennial plant Periodic allowable cut Periodic annual increment Permanent wilting point Persistent species Pest Pest control Pesticide Petal Pctiole Phenology Phenotype Phlocm Phosphorous Photointerpretation Photoperiod Photosynthesis Physiographic unit Physiological proccsscs Phytosanitary Phytotoxic Picnic Piling Pin hole Pioneer (species) Pistil Pit (v.) Pit (mining) Pit saw Pit sawing Pitch Pitch pockets Pith Plan of attack (fire) Planer Plankton Planimeter Planing Plank Planning Plant Plant association Plant community Plant indicators

Rota@30 patologica Patrulha Padrao Cume Turfa Gancho para virar tacos Pedologia Desenrolar Laminados descnrolados Tora para laminar Bolinha Peletizador Percola@o Planta perene Corte periodic0 sustentavel Acrescimo periodico anual Ponto de murcha permanentc Esp&ie persistente Praga Contrdle de pragas Pesticida P&la Peciolo Fcnologia Fcnotipo Floema, Lrber Fosforo Fotointerpreta@o Fotoperiodo Fotossfntese Unidade tisiografica Process0 fisiologico Fitossanitario Fitodxico Piquenique Estaca Furo diminuto Esp6cie pioneira Pistil0 Fazer covas Mina, Cova Scrra manual, Setrat Serraria manual Resina Bolsas de resina Medula Plan0 de combate initial ao fog0 Plaina desengrossadeira Plancton Planimetro Aplainamento Prancha, Pontal&te Planifica@o, Planejamento PIarm Associa@o de vagetais Comunidade de plantas Plantas indicadoras

Plantation Planting Planting bar Planting density Planting hole Planting machine Planting spot Planting stock Plantlet Plateau Plot Plow Plow (v.) Plus tree Plywood Poach (v.) Poacher Pod Poison (v.) Pole (tree) Pole (wood) Pole pruner Pole saw Pole stand Pollarding Pollarding system Pollen Pollination Pollution Polymorphism Polyploid Poorly stocked Population Population density Population growth Population pressure Porosity Portable sawmill Pot Potassium Potential yield Potted (seedling) Powderpost beetle (Lictus SPP.) Power saw Prairie Precious wood

Planta~~o, Reflorestamcnto, Talhao Plantio, Implanta@io Ferro de cova Densidade de plantio Cova de plantar Plantadeira mecanica Cova Mudas em estoque Pl2ntula Planalto, Plato Parcela (amostra) Arado, Charrua Alar Arvore “plus”, 5rvore superior Compensado Cacar (ou pescar) furtivamente CaGador (ou pescador) furtivo Vagem Envenenar Arvore jovem, “Pole” Poste, Moirao roliqo Podadeira montada em cabo Serrote montado em cabo TalhSo jovem Decota@o, Talhadia de cabqa Sistema de decota@o Polen Poliniza@o Polui@io Polimorfismo Poliploide Povoamento incomplete Popula@o, Povoamento Densidade de popula@o Expansao demografica, Crescimento dcmogrrifico Press20 demografica Porosidade Serraria move1 Recipiente, Vaso Pot&i0 Produ@o potential, Possibilidade de rendimento Envasado Caruncho (broca) Motosserra Camp0 estacional, Camp0 limpo, Campo natural, Pradeira Madeira nobre, Madeira de lei Precipita@o Desbaste pre-comercial 18

Predator Preparatory cut Prescribed burning Preservation Preservative Pressure treatment Pricking out Primary branch Primary forest Primary succession Prism Probability Processing (wood) Production forest Production stand Productivity Progeny Proproot Protection forest Provenance Pruning Pruning saw Public lands Pulp Pulpwood Punky Pure stand Quadrant Quality hardwood Quantitative mcasurcmcnt Quarter-sawn

Quick-growing spccics Race Raceme Radial section Radiation Raft Railroad Railroad tie Rain Rain forest Rain gauge Rain intensity Rainfall Rainfall distribution Rainy season Rake Rake (v.) Ranch

Precipitation Pre-commercial thinning

Predador Corm prcparatorio Queimada recomcndada Prcscrvacao Preservativo Tratamento por pressao Repicagem Ramos primaries, Pcmada Mata primaria, Floresta primkia Sucessao primaria Prisma Probabilidade Processamento Floresta de produ@o Povoamento de producao Produtividade Prog&Ge Raiz escora, Sapopcma, Raiz tabular Florcsta dc protc@o Proccdencia Poda, Dcrrama Serrote de poda Terms publicas Pasta de celulose Madeira para polpa, Madeira para pasta Madeira padre e esponjosa Povoamento pure, Macico puro Quadrante Madeira nobrc, Madeira-dc-lci Mcdida quantitativa Scrrado em sentido radial “Quarter-sawn”, Cortado em scntido radial Esp6cie de crescimento rapid0 RaGa Racerno Se@o radial Radia@o Jangada, Balsa Estrada de ferro Dormentc Chuva Floresta pluvial, Florcsta tropical limida Pluvibmetro Intensidade de chuva Pluviosidade Distribui@o dcs prccipita@cs, Distribui@o pluviometrica Esta@o chuvosa Ancinho Limpar corn ancinho Rancho, Fazenda pastoril

Randomized blocks Range (ecology) Range (grazing) Range fire Range management Ranger Raw materials Ray (wood) Reaction (soil) Reaction wood Reclamation Recommended Recovery (milling) Recovery (regrowth) Recreation area Recreation managcmcnt Recruit Reflectance Reforestation Refuge Regeneration Regeneration cut Regression analysis Regulation of cut Rehabilitation Reject Rejuvenation Relative humidity Release Release cutting Relict (stand) Relief (topographic) Remnant Remote sensing Removal cut Renewable resources Repellent Replacement planting Replanting Replication Reproduction Reproduction by rooted cuttings Resaw (v.) Research Researcher Reserve Residual effect Residual stand Residue Resin Resin tapping Resinous

Aleadrio, Ao acaso, Randomico Blocos ao acaso Area Camp0 dc pastagem IncCndio de camp0 Manejo de pastagcns Guarda-florestal Materia-prima Raio (madeira) pH do solo Lenho de reacao Reclama@o Aconselhado, Recomcndado Recupera@o Auto-recuperacao Area de rccrea@o Administracao para recrea@o RKXuta Reflectincia Reflorestamento Refiigio Regenera@o Corte de regeneracao, Cortc dc reproducao Amilise de regress30 Regula@o de torte Reabilita@o Rejeitado Rejuvenescimento Umidade relativa Libera@o Corte de liberacao Povoamento relict0 Relevo Remanescentc Sensoriamento remoto Cone de remo$o Recursos renovaveis Repelente Replantio Replantio Rcpeti@o Reproducao Reprodu@io por estacas, PropagaC20 por cstacas Resscrrar Pesquisa Pesquisador Reserva Efeito residual Povoavento residual, Remanescente Residue Resina Resinagem Resinosa 19

Respiration Restocking Restricted area Retardant (fire) Revegetation Rhizobium bacteria Rhizome Rick Ridge Rig (v.) Rigging Rill erosion Ringbarking Ring-porous Rip saw Rip sawing Riparian Riparian forest

Ripper Ripping (site preparation) Riverbank Riverbed Rock Roguing Roller (roads) Rolling chopper Root Root collar Root graft Root hair Root nodules Root penetration Root pruning Root rot Root suckers Root system Rooted cutting Rooting ability Rootstock Rosin Rot Rotation Rotation length Rotten Rotten rock Rough lumber Roundwood Row Rubber Rubber tree Rugged terrain, Rough terrain

Respiracao Reestoquear Zona rest&a Retardante Revegetacao Bacteria Rhizobium Rizoma Pilha de lenha em fila Crista, Cume Montar Montagem Eros%o em sulcos Anelacao simples Anel poroso Serra de serrafier Serrar madeira na dire@0 do fibra Serra de serrafier Ripkia, Planta ribeirinha Floresta ripkia, Bosque ribeirinho, Mata ciliar Riper Ripagcm Margcm do rio Leito do rio Rocha “Roguing”, Remocao de plantas dcfeituosas Role Rolo corn facas Raiz Co10 da raiz Enx&rto radicular Pelo radicular N&lulos da raiz Penetra@o da raiz Poda radicular Podridao das rafzas Raiz gemifera Sistema radicular Estaca enraizada Capacidade de enraizar Porta-enxerto Breu Podridao Rotacao Dura@o de ritac%o Apodrecido, Podre Pi~arra, Rocha destcmporada Madeira bruta Madeira rolica Linha, Fileira Borracha Seringueira (Hevea brasiliensis) Tcrreno acidentado

Running fire Runoff Rust (disease) Salinization Salt tolerant Salting Salvage Salvage cut Sample Sample tree Sampling Sampling error Sampling unit Sand Sanding (woodworking) Sandstone Sandy Sandy clay Sandy loam Sanitation cut Sanctuary Sap Sapling Saprophyte Sapstain Sapwood Savannah Saw teeth Saw timber Sawdust Sawing Sawlog Sawmill Sawyer Scale Scaling Scaler Scalping Scarification (ground) Scarification (seed) Scarifier Scat Scatter diagram Scenic School of forestry Scion Score (cut, v.) Screening Scrub (vegetation) Season (lumber) Season (of the year) Seasonal road Second growth

Fogo que alastra rapid0 Enxurrada, Escoamento superficial Ferrugem Salinizacao Tolerante ao sal Coloca@o de sal para gado Salvamento, Salvagem Corte de salvacao Amostra Arvore de amostragem Amostragem Erro de amostragem Unidade de amostragem Areia Raspagem , Lixamento Arenito Arenoso Argilo-arenoso Barre-arenoso Corte sanitaria Santu2rio Sciva Arvoreta, Vara, “Sapling” Saprofito Mane ha Album0 Savana, Cerrado Dcntes de scrra Madeira para scrragem Po-de-serra Serragem, Dcsdobra Tora para serraria Serraria Serrador Escala Cubagen, Mensuracao de toras Cubador Escalpagem Escarificacao do solo Escarifica@o de sementes Escarificador Excrement0 animal Diagrama de dispcrsao Paisagfstico Escola de ciencia florestal Epibioto, Enxcrto cortar, sulcar Separar corn peneira, Selecionar Mato Secagem (madcira) Estacao (do ano) Estrada de verao Floresta secundaria, Capoeira, Crescimcnto secundario 20

Secondary branches Secondary forest Secondary spccics Secondary succession Sediment Sedimentation Seed Seed (v.) Seed cutting Seed dispersal Seed germination Seed orchard Seed spot Seed storage Seed tree Seed tree method Seedbank Seedbed Scedcr Seedling Seed-year Selection forest Selection method Selection thinning Selective cut Self-pruning Semidcciduous forest Senescence Scral Set (saw) Settlement Sewage sludge Shade Shade house Shade tolerance Shade tolerant plant Shade tree Shake Shallow soil Shaping Shaving (wood) Sheet erosion Shelterbclts Sheltcrwood cut Shelterwood method

Shifting cultivation

Shifting dunes Shingles

Ramos secundarios Florcsta sectindaria, Capoeirao EspCcie secundaria Sucessao sccundaria Sedimento Sedimenta@o Semente Semear, Lancar sementes Corte partial para estimular producao de sementes Dispersao de sementes Germinacao de semcntcs Pomar de sementes Cova de semeadura Armazenagem de scmcntcs Matriz porta-sementcs MCtodo de matriz portascmcntcs Banco de scmentes Sementeiras Semeador Muda, Nasccdica Ano de frutificacao, Ano de safra Bosque manejado por sclc$io MCtodo de exploracao sclctiva Dcsbaste scletivo Cone seletivo Auto-poda Floresta semi-dccidua Senescencia Serie, SCrie temporario Trava Povoamento Lodo de csgotos Sombra Casa de Ripados Toledncia ao sombrcamcnto Umbrofilo Arvorc de sombra Rachadura interior Solo corn pequena profundidade Moldagem Raspa Eros30 lamimar Faixas qucbra-ventos Explora@o corn sub-cobcrtura MCtodo “shelterwood”, Metodo de abrigo dc arvorcs adultas Cultivo nomadc, Agricultura migratoria, Corte e queima Dunas moveis Telhas de mad&a

I

Shipworm (Tercdo spp.) Shoot Shoot borer Short (lumber)

Short rotation intensive culture Shovel Show (logging) Shredding Shrinkage Shrub Sieve Silt Siltation Silvicide Silvics Silvicultural rotation Silvicultural system Silvicultural trcatmcnt Silviculture Silviculturist Single-tree management Singling Sinker (log) Sinker (root) Site Site index Site preparation Site quality Site requirements Site selection Skid roads, Skid trails Skidder Skidding Skids Skyline (logging system) Slab Slash Slash (v.) Slash and burn Slat Sliced veneer Slope Slope length Slope percentage Slow-growing species Small tree Smoke

Broca marinha Broto, Rebento Broca de broto Curto, Per;as corn comprimento inferior a0 comercial Cultura intensiva de rota@0
ClXti3

Smokejumper Snag Snaking Soaking Sod Soft wood Soil Soil acidification Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil Soil acidity aeration alkalinity association color compaction conservation creep depth fertility horizon

Pa Projeto de explora@o dc madeiras Desfibramento Contra@o, Encolhimcnto Arbusto Peneira Limo Sedimentacao Arborecida Naturcza silvicultural, Bases de Silvicultura Rota@o silvicultural Sistema silvicultural Tratamcnto silvicultural Silvicultura, Dasonomia Silvicultor Manejo de &rvores individuais Raleadura de brotos ou mudas Tora que afunde Aprumado (raiz) “Site”, Sitio, Glcba dc terra Indice de sitio, “Site index” Preparo do tcrreno Qualidade do sitio Requerimentos do solo, Temperament0 Sele@o de sitio Picadas de arrastre, Picadas auxiliares, Ramais Trator de arraste, “skidder” Arraste Travessas Teleferico Costaneira Desperdicio, Residues dc toragem Rogar, Brocar Dcrruba e queima, Cortc e queima Ripa LBminas de torte plan0 Declividade Comprimcnto do declivc Perccntagem de declividadc E@cie de rrescimento lcnto Arvore’ ‘ ;l .rvorizinha F_,-., J, Fumaca
31

Soil mcsofauna Soil moisture Soil profile Soil survey Soil taxonomy Soil texture Soil-site classification Solar dryer Solar energy Solar radiation Solar-powered Solid wood Sorter (mill) sow (v.) Space between rows Spacing Spar tree Sparks Species Specific gravity Specime.n Spine Spiny Spiral grain Splinter Sn!it (defect) 5$litting wedge Spore spot fire Spray

Pka-quedista para combate dc inc&rdios Pau motto, Arvore morta Arraste de toras atraves do tall-120 fechado Embebi@o, Umede@o Gramado Madeira mole, Conifera, “Softwood” Solo AcidiGca@o progressiva do solo Acidez do solo Aera@o do solo Alcalinidade do solo Associacao de solos Cor do solo Compacta@o do solo Conservacao do solo Deslizamento Profundidade do solo Fertilidade do solo Horizontc do solo, Camada do solo Mcsofauna do solo Umidade do solo Pcrlil do solo Lcvantamento de solos Taxonomia dos solos Textura do solo Classificacao por solo e por sitio Secador solar, Estufa solar Energia solar Radia@o solar Movido por energia solar Madeira solida, Madeira macica Maquina separadora Semear, Semeadura a lance Entrelinhas Espac;amento Mastro Fagulhas Esp6cic Peso especifico, Massa especifica Esp&ime Espinho Espinhoso Grao helicoidal Cavaco longo, Estilhac;o de cavaco Rachadura Cunha para partir madeira Esporo IncCndio de mancha Spray

Springboard Springwood Sprout Sprout (v.) Sprout method

Sprout thinning Sprouting ability Squaring (log) Squat (v.) Stack (v.) Stag headed Stagnant stand Stagnation Stain (fungal) Stake Staking-out Stalk Stamen Stand Stand density Stand structure Standard (tree) Standard deviation Standard error Standing crop Standing timber Standing volume Stationary mill stave Stem Stem analysis Stem flow s tcppe S tere S tcrcoscope Stick Sticker Stock (domestic animals) Stock (grafting) Stocked Stocking Stocking density Stolen Stool (stump) Stool shoots Storage Strap Stratification (seeds) Stratification (stands)

Mm& Pranchamovel, Trampolim Lenho primaveril Broto, Rebento Brotar Mttodo de brotos, Metodo de brotacao de cepas Desbaste de brotas Capacidade de brotar Esquadria Tomar posse de terras indevidamente Empilhar Conifera velha corn ramos longe do topo Talhao estagnado Estagnacao Mancha fiingica Estaca Tutoramento Caule Estame Povoamcnto, TalhHo florestal “Stand” Densidade do povoamento Estrutura de povoamcnto “Standard”, f&ore alto em bosque secundario Dcsvio-padrao Erro padrao Capital lenhoso, Cultivo dc PC Madeira em pC Volume em pC Serraria fixa Aducla Caule Anjlise do fuste Escoamento pclo tronco Estcpe Estere Estereoscopio Pau Separador Gado Enxerto Estoqucado Estoqueamento, “Stocking” Densidade de macico Estolho, Estolao Touceira Broto de touceira Armazenamento Fita Estratificacao de semcntcs Estratificacao vertical dc talhoes

Strength (wood) Stress (biological) Strip cut Strip method Stripling Strobilus Structure Stub Stump Stump Stump Stump Stump

extraction, pulling height plant (seedling) scale

Stump sprout Stumpage (value) Stunted Subclimax Subsistence farming Subsoil Subsoiler Subsoiling Subspccics Substrate Subtropical climate Succession Succulent Sucker Sulphur Sum of squares Summer-wood Sunscald Super-dominant trees S upcrior tree Supervised Suppressed crown class Suppressed tree Suppression Surface water
.%lNCy

Surveying chain Surveyor (land) Surveyor’ rod s Survival Survival rate Sustainable managcmcnt Sustainable production Sustained yield Swamp Swamp forest

Resistencia “Stress”, Estresse Corte em faixas estrcitas MCtodo de faixas estrcitas Muda desfolhada Estrobilo Estrutura Galho qucbrado, Taco qucbrado Taco Destocamento Altura do taco Taco Cubagen basado em tocdcs depois de exploracao Rebrota do taco Valor pago por 5rvorcs cxtrafdas Corn desenvolvimento impcdido, Subdcscnvolvido Sub-climax Agricultura de subsistencia S ubsolo S ubsolador S ubsolagcm SubcspCcie Substrato Clima subtropical Sucessao Suculento Broto da raiz Enxofre Soma dos quadrados Camada estival, Lcnho dc vcrao Escaldadura, Qucimadura do sol Arvore prcdominante Arvore superior Supcrvisionado, Inspecionado Classe dc copa suprjmida Arvore suprimida, Arvorc dominada S uprcssao Agua superficial Lcvantamcnto Cadcia do agrimcnsor Trcna dc agrimcnsor Agrimensor RCgua dc balisa Sobrcvivencia Porcentagcm de sobrevivcncia Manejo sustent&el Produ@o sustentavel Rendimento sustcntavel Pantano, Brejo Florcsta de piintano, Floresta de v5rzca

Sward Swarm (insects) Swath Swedged tooth Sweep (log) Symbiont Symbiotic Synecology Systematic thinning Table Tagged Tagging Tally Talus Tanbark Tangential section Tanker Tannin Taper Tapping Taproot Taungya method Taxonomy Tearing resistance Technical support Technician Technology transfer Temperate forest Temperature Tending of stands Tensiometer Tension wood Tent Tariff table Terminal bud Terminology Termite Terrace Test area

Texture Thatching Thermograph Thicket Thinning Thorn Thorn forest Threatened species Throughfall Tier (lumber) Tillagc Timber Timber borer

Gramado Enxame Fileira cortada Dente achatado Curva Simbiota Simbiotico Sinecologia Desbaste sistematico Tabela Etiquetado Marcacao corn etiqueta Contagem Talus, Pedras soltas na base de urn pcnhasco Casca tanifera Se@0 tangential Caminhao-tanquc Tanino Adelgacamento, “Taper” Extra@0 dc resina (ou latex) Raiz axial, Raiz pivotantc Metodo “taungya” Taxonomia ResistCncia ao rasgo Apoio tecnico Tecnico Transferencia tccnologica, Difusao de tecnologia Floresta temperada Temperatura Manutenqao de povoamcntos Tensiometro Madeira de tensao, Madeira de tracao Tenda Tabela de tarifas Broto terminal Terminologia Cupim, Termita Terraco Area-teste, Area sob observacao, Area experimental Textura Cobrir o telhado corn sap& Tcrmografo Moita Desbaste, Raleado Espinho Caatinga Esp&ics ameacadas Precipitacao interna Camada Aracao Madeira Broca de toras 33

Timber marking Timber stand improvement (TSI) Timber-boring insect Timber-line Tipborer Tolerance Tolerant species Tonality Tongs Tongue and groove (lumber) Top Top diameter Top-kill Topographic map Topographic position Topography Toposequence Topping Topsoil Total height Toxicity Trace elements Trail Trampling Transect Transient Transit Transition area Transpiration Transplant (v.) Trap Treatment Tree Tree injection Tree removal Tree rings Tree shear Tree shear (KG blade) Tree-injection Trench Trial Triangulation Tributary Trim (lumber, v.) Trim (plants, v.) Trimmer Tropical forests Trunk Truss Tubes (for seedlings)

Marcacao de madeira Melhoramento de talhoes Inset0 brocador de toras, Broca Limite superior da floresta Broca dos brotos terminais Tolerancia Espt?cie tolerante, EspCcie umbrofila Tonalidade Garras (para toras) Lingtieta e ranhura, Machofemea Topo, Ponteiro Di2metro do topo Morte do topo Mapa topografico, Mapa plani-altimctrcco Posicao topografica Topografia Toposeqdncia Destopo, Corte da copa Camada superficial, Solo superficial, Terrico Altura total Toxicidade Elementos traces Trilha, Vereda Pisoteio Transect0 Transitorio Teodolito Area de transicao Transpiracao Transplantar, Rcpicar Armadilha Tratamento Arvore Injeta@o de kvores Extra@0 de &rvores Antis de crescimento de kvores Tesourao hidraulico Lamina frontal cortadora Injetacao de arvores Trincheira Ensaio Triangulacao Tributirio Cortar o excess0 (tabuas) Podar @lantas) Serra cortadora Florestas tropicais Tronco Armacrio Tubctes

Turn (logging) Tumery Turpentine Twig Twist Two-storied forest Underbark Underbrush Undercut Underplanting Underrun Understocked Understory Undisturbed (vegetation) Uneven-aged stand

Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) Unloading Unsupervised Upland Uproot (v.) Urban forestry Use right Utilization Valley Variability Variance Variant Variety Vegetation Vegetational mosaic Vegetative cover Vegetative propagation Veneer Veneer lathe Veneer log Veneer sheet Vernalization Vessel (wood) Veteran (tree) Viability Vigor class Vine Virgin forest Visual interpretation Volume Volume equation Volume increment Volume table

Viagem de volta arrastrando toras Tomearia Terebentina Galhinho, Raminho Torcao Bosque de dois niveis, Bosque de duplo estrata Sem casca (madeira) Sub-bosque, Moita do subbosque Corte feito por baixo Interplantar, Sub-plantio Desdobrado sub-cstimado Povoamento incomplete Sub-bosque Nao perturbado, Mata virgc :m Povoamento incoetaneo, Povoamento de edade heterogenea Equacao universal de perda de solos Descarregamento Sem supervisao, NHo upcrvisionado Terms alms, Terra-firmc, Planteau Desarraigar, Arrancar Arborizacao Urbana, Dasonomia urbana Direito de uso Utilizacao Vale Variabilidade Variancia Variante Variedade Vegetacao Mosaic0 da vegetacao Cobertura vegetal Propagacao vegetativa Laminados Tomo laminador Tora de laminar Folha laminada Vemalizacao Vaso Veterana (kvore) Viabilidade Classe de vigor Cip6, Trepadeira Floresta virgem Interpretacao visual Volume, Cubagem, Massa Equacao de volume Increment0 volumCtric0, AcrCscimos em volume Tabela de volume 24

Volunteer Wane (lumber) Warp Waste Waste land Waste tips Water erosion Water harvesting Water holding capacity Water table Waterfall Waterfowl Waterhole Waterlogged Watershed Watershed management Wattle Weather Weathering Wedge Weed Weeding Weed tree Weighted average Weir Well-drained (soil) Wet bulb temperature Wetland Whip (tree) White rot Whole-tree Whorle Wild Wild fire Wildcmcss Wilderness arca Wildland Wildlife Wildlife managcmcnt Wildlife sanctuary Wildling Wilt (v.) Wilting point Winch Wind Wind damage Wind erosion Windbreak

Voluntario Refile, (tabuas) Empeno, Curvatura, Torcedura Desperdicio, Residues Terreno abandonado Areas de bota-fora, Areas de despejo Erosao hidrica Colheita de Bgua Capacidade de rcten@o de Bgua Lencol fre&ico Queda de agua, Cascata, Cachoeira Aves aquaticas Bebedouro Saturado corn agua, Encharcado Bacia hidrografica, Bacia Mancjo de baiias hidrogmficas Canicada Tempo, Clima Desgastc por acao imtemperic Cunha Erva daninha Capinagcm Capinar, Arvorc scm valor comercial Media ponderada “Weir”, Rcpresa para mcdir fluxo de Bgua Bern drenado (solo) Temperatura de bulbo limido Igapo, Pantanal, Vatzca, Brcjo Arvore residue dclgado Podridao branca Fuste in&o, Arvore intcira Verticilo Silvestre IncCndio florestal Sclva Arca sclvagcm, Mata virgcm Tcrreno corn vcgctacao natural Fauna silvestre Manejo da fauna silvestre SantuLio de fauna silvestre Muda da mata, Muda colctada no bosque Murchar Ponto de murchamento Guincho Vent0 Danos causados pelo vento EroBo edlica Quebra-vento

Windfall Wind-firm Windrow Windstorm Windthrow Witches-broom

Wither (v.) Wolf tree Wood Wood products wood pulp Wood yard Woodcutter Wooded Woodland Woodlot Woods Woodsman Woody biomass Workability (WOO d) Working circle Wormhole Wormy Wound healing Wrenching Xeric Xerophyte Xylem Yard Yarder Yarding Yield Yield loss Yield tables Zonation

,&vore derrubada pelo vcnto Resistente ao vento Leira Resfduos ajuntados em linhas Ventania Derrubada causada pelo vent0 Vassoura de bruxa, Crescimento anormal de galhos pequenos Murchar bore dominante corn baixo valor Madeira Produtos madeireiros Pasta de celulose Parque de madeiras, Patio dc fabrica Lenhador Arborizado Floresta aberta, Terreno arborizado Pamela produtora de lenha Mata, Floresta Mateiro Biomassa lenhosa Facilidade de lavrar corn maquina, Trabalhabilidadc, Utilidade Area de influencia Buraco de broca Madeira perfurada por brocas Cicatriza@o “Wrenching”, Poda da raiz em profundidade xcrico Xerofita Xilema patio Guincho de baldea@o Baldea@o Rendimento Perda de colheita Tabelas de rendimento Zoneamento

.

25

Table 2.--Portuguese

terms in forestry and conservation and their equivalent words in English.

Portuguese term

English term

Portuflese term

English term

Abater Abaulamento Abelha Abiotico Abrigo de animais silvcstrcs Abrigo do ch5o Abrir clareira Abrir covas de plantar por prcssao Abrir urn caminho Abundsncia Acarnpamento Acampar Acfculas Acidez do solo Acidifica@o progrcssiva do solo Acidifita Acido Aclimatacao Aconsclhado Acostamento Acrescimos em volume, Acr&cimo periodic0 anual Actinomicete Adaptabilidade Adelgacamento Adcnsamento Adesivo Administrac%o Aduba@o Adubo Verde Aduela Aera@o Aera@o do solo Afiador Afloramcnto Afloresta@o Aglutinacgo Agricultura de subsistcncia Agricultura migratoria Agrimcnsor Agrosilvicultura Agrosilvopastoria Agrupamento Agua capilar Agua disponivcl Agua subterranca Agua superficial

Bag (hunting, v.) Cup (lumber) Bee Abiotic Cover, Escape-cover Ground cover Clearing (v.) Dibbling Blaze a trail Abundance Campground Camp (v.) Needles (leaves) Soil acidity Soil acidification Acidophyte Acid Aclimatization Recommended Berm Volume incrcmcnt Periodic annual incrcmcnt Actinomycctc Adaptability Taper Thicket Adhesive Administration Fertilization Green manure Stave Aeration Soil aeration Filer Outcrop Afforestation Granulation Subsistence farming Shifting cultivation, Nomadic cropping Surveyor (land) Agroforestry Agrosylvopasturalism Bunching Capillary water Available water Ground water Surface water 26

Album0 Alcalinidade do solo Aleadrio Alelopatia Alfobre Algas Alinhadeira “Alley cropping”

Alojamcnto Alpina Alporquia Alqucive Al tfmetro Al tura Altura comercial Altura do pcito Altura do LOCO Al tura total Amarra@o Ambiente natural AmCndoa (vcm5culo p,ara noz) Amontoado Amostra Amostragem Amplitude ccologica Anlilise de rcgrcss5o Anlilisc dc variincia An&lisc do fuste Amilisc quimica Ancinho Ancl Ancl poroso AnelaQo simplcs An&gem corn entalhcs Anelar An@is dc crcscimcnto An&s de crescimcnto dc &ores Anilhar Animal dombtico solto Aninhar Ano de frutificaCao Ano de safra Antera Antese Antracnose

Sapwood Soil alkalinity Radom Allelopathy Nursery bed Algae Line (mill) Alley cropping, Farming bctwccn hcdgcd rows of trees Bunkhouse Alpine Layering (rooting) Fallow Altimeter Height Commercial height, Merchantable height Breast height Stump height Total height Binding Habitat Nut Mounding Sample Sampling Ecological amplitude Rcgrcssion analysis Analysis of variance Stem analysis Chemical analysis Rake Annulus (ring) Ring-porous Ringbarking Frill girdle Girdle (v.) Growth rings Tree rings Banding (wildlife) Free-roaming animal Nest (v.) Seed-year Seed-year Anther Anthcsis Anthracnose

Ao acaso Apagar as tiltimas brasas Aparar Aparas Aplainamento Aplicador Apodrecido Apoio tecnico Aprumado Ara@o Ara@o corn disco Arado Arado de fogo Alar Arar em contomo Arboreo Arboreta Arboricida Arborizaqrio Arboriza@o urbana Arborizado Arbustinho delicado Arbusto Arbusto do desert0 Arbusto herb&o Area Area basal Amadecopa Area de emprestimo Area de influ&ncia Area de recrea@o Area de secas freqiicntcs Area de transicao Area degradada Area degradada por mincmpao Area experimental Area module Area natural Area selvagem Area de bota-fora Area de despejo Area de teste Area necrosada Ama sob observag5o Areia Arcnito Arenoso Argila Argilo-arenoso Arilo Arma@o Armadilha Armazemento tcmporario de mudas em terra Armazenagcm cm frigorifico Armazenamento Arqueamento

Random Mopping-up (v.) Clip (v.), Hedge (v.) Edgings Planing Applicator (for chemicals) Rotten Technical support Sinker Tillage Disk ploughing Plow Fire plow Plow (v.) Contour plowing Arboreal Arboretum Silvicide Afforestation, Artificial forest Urban forestry Wooded Forb Shrub, Bush Desert shrub Forb Area, Range Basal area Crown arca Borrow pit Working circle Recreation area Drought-prone Transition area Degraded area Mine spoil Experimental area Compartment Natural arca Wilderness area Waste tip Waste tip Test area Necrotic spot Test area Sand Sandstone Sandy Clay Sandy clay Aril Truss Trap Heeling-in Cold storage Storage Bow (lumber) 27

AIIXICX

Arraste Arraste de toras atraves do talhao fechado Arrebanhar Arvore Arvore abatida Arvore-ama .&vore caducifolia Arvore corn &nag0 padre &vore corn cavidade Arvore corn crescimento livrc i\rvore de amostragem Arvore de esquina Arvore de sombra &vore defeituosa Arvore derrubada pelo vento Arvorc dominada Arvorc dominante corn baixo valor Arvore forrageira .&ore frondosa Arvore frutifcra Arvore inclinada Arvore inteira Arvore isolada Arvore jovem Arvore mae Arvore morta Arvore 8ca f&ore “plus” Arvore predominante Arvore residuo delgado Arvore selecionada para prdxima rotacao Arvore sem valor Arvorc superior ,&rvore suprimida, Arvorc tcstigo Arvore toca Arvoredo scmclhante a urn parque Arvoreta Aspect0 (Habito) Associa@o de solos Associa@o vegetal Astragulo Atividade humana Atraente Audctono Autoccologia Auto-poda Auxina Avaliar Avan$o do deserto Aves aquaticas Azimute Bacia hidrografica, Bacia

Uproot (v.) Skidding Snaking Herd (v.) Tree Downed tree Nurse tree Deciduous tree Heart rot Hollow tree Free-growing tree Sample tree Comer tree Shade tree Cull tree Windfall Suppressed tree Wolf tree Fodder tree Broadleaf tree Fruit tree Lean tree Whole tree Open-grown tree Pole (tree) Mother tree Dead tree, snag Hollow tree Plus tree Super-dominant trees Whip (tree) Crop tree Weed tree Superior tree Suppressed trees Witness tree Den tree Park-like stand Small tree, Sapling Habit (plant form) Soil association Plant association Talus Human activity Attractant Endemic Autoccology Self-pruning Auxin Evaluate Desert encroachment Waterfowl Azimuth Watershed, Catchment, Drainage basin

Bacteria Rhizobium Baga Baixo custo Baldeacao Baldea@o corn cabos aereos Baldeacao corn cabos Balsa Banco Banco de genes Banco de sementes Barbatana dorsal Barreira Barr&da (5rvore) Barro Barro-arenoso Barrote Basalto Bases trocaveis Bebedouro Bcm drcnada Bcsouro Besouro de ambrosia “Bias”, Vies Bicada de passaros Bifurcacao Bifurcado Bin5rio Biodiversidade Biogasificacao Biomassa Biomassa lenhosa Biometria Biosfera Biotecnologia Biotipo Bloco Bloco de madcira Blocos ao acaso Boca Bolinha Bolota, Frutos e semcntcs Balsas de casca Bolsas de resina Bordadura Bordaduras Borracha Bosque Bosque abcrto Bosque an30 Bosque climax Bosque de dois niveis Bosque de fuste alto Bosque fechado Bosque manejado por sclcpao Bosque normal Bosque ribeirinho Bosqucte Botao

Rhizobium bacteria Berry Low-cost Yarding High lead logging Cable logging Raft Bench Gene bank Seedbank Dorsal fin Barrier Burl Mud, Loam Sandy loam Joist Basalt Exchangeable bases Waterhole Well-drained (soil) Bc4Xle Ambrosia bcctlc Bias Bird peck Fork (stem defect), crotch Forked Binary Biodiversity Biogassification Biomass Woody biomass Biometry Biosphere Biotechnology Biotype Block cant Randomized blocks Felling notch Pellet Mast (wildlife food) Bark pockets Pitch pockets Border, Buffer strip Border rows Natural rubber Forest Open forest Dwarf forest Climax forest Two-storied forest High forest Closed forest Selection forest Normal forest Riparian forest Grove Bud 28

Bot50 adventfcio B&tea Brasa Brejo Breu Brigada de camp0 Broca de broto Broca de toras Broca dos brotos terminais Broca marinha Brocar Brocas marinhas Brotactlo Brotamcnto Brotar Broto Broto da raiz Broto dc touceira Brotos tcnros Broto terminal Buldozer Bunco de broca Bussola Caatinga Cabo Caca normal Cacador (ou pescador) furtive Cacar Cacar (ou pcscar) furlivamcntc Cachocira Cadcia alimentar Cadcia do agrimcnsor Calagcm Calcicila C&i0 Calciofita calco Calibrado Cal0 Camada Camada de argila impcrmcavcl Camada de solo cndurccido Camada dc copas Camada do solo Camada humosa do solo Camada impcrmcavcl Camada organica superficial Cam ada cs tivaf Camada primavcril Camada superficial Cambium, C3mbio Caminhao dc transportc dc toras Caminhao-tanquc Caminho de toras Campina Camp0 Camp0 aberto

Adventitious bud Bract Ember Marsh, Bog, Swamp Rosin, Pitch Field crew Shoot borer Timber borer Tipborer Shipworm (Teredo spp.) Slash (v.) Marine borers Coppicing Flush (foliage) Bud (v.). Sprout (v.) Shoot, Sprout Sucker Stool shoots Browse Terminal bud Bulldozer Wormhole Compass Thorn forest Cable Normal kill Poacher Bag (hunting) Poach (v.) Waterfall Foodchain Surveying chain Liming Calciophyte, Calciophorc Calcium Calciophyte, Calciophorc Dunnage Calibrated Callus Layer, Tier (lumber) Clay pan Hardpan Crown class Soil horizon Humic soil horizon Pan (soil) Duff Summcrwood Springwood Topsoil Cambium Logging truck Tanker Corduroy (road) Open country Grassland Open country

Camp0 cerrado Camp0 de altitude Camp0 de gramineas Camp0 de pastagem Camp0 estacional Camp0 limp0 Camp0 natural Camp0 pastoril Camp0 sem cercas Camp0 visual Campos agricolas Cancro Canelado Canicada Cantios Capa H Capacidade de brotar Capacidade de agua capilar Capacidade de enraizar Capacidade de retencao de agua Capacidade germinativa Capacidade maxima de animais Cap20 Capina Capinar Capital lenhoso Capoeira Capoeirao Capsula Caracteres edlificos Caracteristica morfologica Carbonizacao Car&ncia Carpintaria Carregadeira frontal Carregamento Carregamento da toras Carreto Carro (serraria) cart50 Corte do Caruncho carvao Carvao vegetal Carvoeiro Carvoejar Carbonizacao Casa de ripados Casa de vegcta@o Casca Casca extema Casca intema Casca inclusa Casca tanffera Cascalho

Brushland Meadow Grassland Range Prairie Prairie Prairie Grazing land Open range Field of view Farmland Canker Fluted Wattle Edgings H layer Sprounting ability Field capacity Rooting ability Water holding capacity Germinating capacity Carrying capacity Copse Cleaning (silvicultural) Hoe (v.), Weed (v.) Standing crop Secondary forest Dense secondary forest, Advanced secondary forest Capsule Edaphic characteristics Morphological feature Charcoal making Deficiency Carpentry, carpenter’ s workshop Front-end loader Loading Log loading Haul Carriage (saw mill) Cardboard Clear (lumber) Powderpost beetle (Licfus SPP.) Charcoal Charcoal Charcoal maker Char (v.) Charcoal making Shade house Greenhouse Bark, Hull (seed) Outer bark Inner bark Bark pockets Tanbark Gravel 29

Cascata Castanha Castanha-do-par5 Catena Caule Caolinita Cavacos Cavar C&la Celulose CQca Cerca de conten@o a erosHo Cerca viva Hedgerow, Hedge Cercado Ceme Cerrad50 Cerrado Cervo Chao limpo Chapa de fibra Chapa de madeira aglomerada Charco Charrua Chave de classificacao, Chave (taxonomica) Chuva Chuva Bcida Cicatriz do fogo Cicatriza@io Ciclagem de nutrientes Ciclo de abate Ciclo de torte Cintudo Verde cinzas Cip6 CircunferZncia Clareira Classe de copa Classe de copa dominantc Classe de copa intermediaria Classe dc copa suprimida Classe de idade Classe de vigor Classificacao Classificacao heirarquica Classifica@o por solo e sitio Classificador de madeira serrada Clima Clima subtropical Climax Clone Clorofila Clorose Cobertura florestal Cobcrtura morta Cobertura vegetal

Waterfall Nut Brazil nut Catena Stalk, Stem Kaolinite Chips Dig (v.) Cell Cellulose Fence Brushwood dam Living fence, Live fence, Enclosure Heartwood, Pith Dry forest Chaparral, Savannah Deer Bare soil Fiber board Chipboard, Partideboard Bog Plow Key (taxonomic) Rain Acid rain Fire scar Wound healing Nutrient cycling Felling cycle Cutting cycle Greenbelt Ashes Vine Girth Clearing, Opening Crown class Dominant crown class Intermediate crown class Suppressed crown class Age class Vigor class Grading Hierarchical classification Soil-site classification Lumber grading Climate Subtropical climate Climax Clone Chlorophyll Chlorosis Forest cover Mulch Vegetative cover

Cobrir o telhado corn sap6 Codigo florcstal Co-dominante Coeficiente de corrclacao Coeficiente de dctcrminacao Coeficiente de forma Coeficiente de variacao Cogeracao Cole@0 Colheita Colheita comcrcial Colheita de agua Colheita de lenha Colheita de mudas de raiz r-ma Colina Colmo co10 Colocacao de sal para gado Colon&r Colora@io azul Corn casca Corn desenvolvimcnto impcdido Combatc aos incCndios Combate initial (fogo) Combustive1 Comer brotos Comercial Comoro em terreno pantanoso Compacta@o Compacta@o do solo Compasso de calibre para 5rvores Compatibilidade Compensados Compensado para uso cxtcrior Compet@o Completamente estocado ComposiQo (talhao) Composite de car Composto organic0 Comprimento do declivc Comunal Comunidade (plantas) Comunidade de plantas Concorr&-icia Condicionado Cone Conifera Conifera velha corn ramos longc do topo Conserva@o Conservac;ao de energia Conserva@o de sementes Conserva@o do solo Considera@es esteticas Constru@o Contagem

Thatching Forest law Codominant Correlation cocfficicnt Coefficient of determination Form factor Coefficient of variation Cogeneration Collection Crop, Harvest, Yield Cash crop Water harvesting Firewood harvest Lifting (tree nursery) Hill Culm Root collar Salting Homestead (v.) Blue-stain Overbark Stunted Firefighting Initial attack (fire) Fuel Browse (v.) Merchantable Hummock Compaction Soil compaction Caliper (tree) Adaptability Plywood Exterior plywood Competition Fully stocked Composition (stand) Color composite Compost Slope length Communal Community (plants) Plant community Competition Conditioned Cone Conifer, Softwood Stag headed Conservation Energy conservation Seed storage Soil conservation Esthetic considerations Construction Tally 30

Conter@o de erosHo Contelido de matcria organica Continental Contra@0 Contraforte Controle (experimental) Controle biologico ContrBle de diluvios ContrGle de erosao Controle de incCndios Controle de pragas Conversao Copa Cor do solo Cor falsa Cora@o (madeira) “Cord” Corda de madcira (mcdida) Corrente Corta-mat0 Corta-matos cortar Cortar 0 excess0 Corte Corte anual Corte da copa Corte de libcra@o Corm dc mclhoramcnto Corte de rcmc@o Corte de rcproducao Corte de salvamcnto Corte e at&r0 Cortc e qucima Corte em faixas cstreitas Carte em retalhos Corte feito por baixo Corte final Corte oblique Corte partial para estimular producao dc scmcntcs Corte periodic0 sustcntlivcl Corte por limite diamctrico Corte preparatorio Corte raso Corte sanitiirio Cone selctivo Carte total CortiCa Cortina de seguranca Costancira Cova (cxcavacao de mina) Cova (plantio) Cova de plantar Cova de semeadura Crescimento Crcscimento juvenil Crescimento maduro Criacao

Check dam Organic matter content Continental Shrinkage Buttress, Foothill Control (experimental) Biological control Flood control Erosion control Fire control Pest control Conversion Crown Soil color False color Heartwood Cord Cord Chain (chain saw) Brush cutter Bush hog Chop, Score (cut, v.) Trim (v.) cut Annual cut Topping Liberation cut, Relcasc cut Improvement cut Removal cut Rcgcncration cut Salvage cut Cut and fill Slash and burn Strip cut Patch cutting Undercut Final cut, Final harvest Crosscut Seed cutting Periodic allowable cut Diameter limit cut Preparatory cut Clcarcut Sanitation cut Sclcclivc cut Clcarcut Cork Firebreak Slab Mine pit Planting spot Planting hole seed spot Growth Juvenile growth Old growth forest Breeding

Cria@o de animais silvestrcs Criador Crista Crosta (solo) Cruzamento Cubagem Cubador Cubagem Cubagem bruta Cubagem basado em tocdes Cubagem de verificacao Cultivar (lavrar) Cultivar (variadade) Cultivo de entrelinhas Cultivo de florestas em fazendas Cultivo &made Cultivo rotativo Cultura Cultura de cobertura Cultura intensiva de rotacao curta Culturas anuais Cume Cunha Cunha para partir madeira Cupim Curral Curt0 Curva Curva de nivel Curva isotermica Curvatura Custos de aquisicao Dados “Damping-off’ Danos Danos causados por raios Danos cansado pclo vento Dasonomia Dasonomia em fazendas Dasonomia urbana Dadnomo Decadencia Decidua Declina@o Declinio Declive Declividade Declividade concava Declividade convexa Decompos@o Decota@o, Talhadia de cabcca Defeito Defici&ncia Deflorestamento Degradacao

Game farming Breeder Ridge Crust (soil) Cross Volume Scaler Scaling Gross scale Stump scale Check scale Cultivate (till, v.) Cultivar (plant) Corridor cultivation Farm forestry Shifting cultivation Crop rotation Crop Cover crop Short rotation intensive culture Annual cropping Peak Wedge Splitting wedge Termite Corral Short (lumber) Sweep 00s) Contour line Isotherm Warp Acquisition costs Data Damping-off Damage Lightning damage Wind damage Silviculture, Silvics Farm forestry, Forest farming Urban forestry Silviculturist Decay, Decline Deciduous Declination Decline Downslope Slope Concave slope Convex slope Decomposition Pollarding Defect Deficiency Deforestation Degrade (lumber) 31

Deiscente Delineamento Deliqtiescente Dendriforme Dendrografo Dendrologia Dendrometria Dendrometro Densidade Densidade de macico Densidade de plantio Densidade de populacao Dens&de do povoamento Dente achatado Dentes de serra Depauperado Derrama Derrubada orientada Derruba e queima Derrubada pelo vcnto Derrubador Derrubar Desarraigar Desbarrancamcnto Desbaste Desbaste comcrcial Desbaste forte Desbaste fraco Desbaste intermediario Desbaste leve Desbaste natural Desbaste por alto Desbaste por baixo Desbaste por camada dominantc Desbaste pre-comercial Desbaste seletivo Desbaste sistematico Desbravamento Desbrota Descanso Descarregamcnto Descascador Descascar Descri@o Desdobra Desdobrado sub-estimado Desdobro prim&i0 Desenrolar Desenvolvimento Desertifica@o Desfibramento Desfiladeiro Desfolha@o Desgalhamento Desgalhamcnto (por machado) Desgaste devido ao clima Desintegrador

Dehiscent Layout Deliquescent Dendri tic Dcndrograph Dcndrology Mensuration Dendrometer Density Stocking density Planting density Population density Stand density Swedged tooth Saw teeth Depleted Pruning Directional felling Slash and bum Windthrow Faller Fell (v.) Uproot (v.) Landslide Thinning Commercial thinning Heavy thinning Light thinning Intermediate thinning Light thinning Natural thinning High thinning Low thinning Crown thinning Pre-commercial thinning Selection thinning Mechanical thinning, Systematic thinning Clearing, Opening Sprout thinning Fallow Unloading Debarker Debark (v.) Description Sawing Underrun Break-down (sawing) Peel (v.) Development Desertification Shredding Pass (mountain) Defoliation Delimbing, Limbing Lopping Weathering Chipper

Soil creep Deforestation, Clearing (v.), Clearcut Cream off, Cream (v.) Desnata@o Dispatcher Despachante Waste, Slash Desperdicio Stump extraction, Stump Destocamento pulling Offset (surveying) Desvio Standard deviation Desvio-padrao Deterioration Detcriora@o Litter D&to Arbor day Dia da kvore Scatter diagram Diagrama de dispcrsao Diameter Di?tmetro Di%netro a altura do pcito Diameter at breast height (DBH) (DAP) Dirimetro do topo Top diameter Diclinous Diclfnea Technological transfer Difusao de tecnologia Dihivio Flash flood Dioico Dioecious Diploid Diploide Wooden dams Diques de madeira Dire@o cardeal Cardinal direction Grazing rights Direito de pastagem Use right Direito de uso Flaker Disco de facas Disjuntivo Disjunct Dispersao Dispersal Dispersao de sementcs Seed dispersal Topping Destopo Rainfall distribution Distribui@o das prccipitacdcs Diameter distribution Distribui@o diametrica Distribuicao normal Normal distribution Distribu@o por classc dc idade Age class distribution Distrdfico Distrophic Diurnal Diurnal Diversity Diversidade Divers&de biologica Biological diversity Divide (watershed) Divisor de Bguas DocnCa Disease Dominancia Dominance DominZtncia apical Apical dominance DormCncia Dormancy Crosstie, Railroad tic, Dormente Sleeper Dossel Canopy Drenagem Drainage Drupa Drupe Dunas de praia Coastal dunes Dunas litoraneas Coastal dunes Dunas mdveis Shifting dunes Durabilidade Durability (wood) Ecologia Ecology Ecologo Ecologist Ecossistema Ecosystem Ecotipos Ecotype Deslizamento Desmatamento 32

Ecotono Ecoturismo Ectomicorriza Efeito de borda Efeito de margem Efeito residual Efluente Elementos traces Em equilfbrio Embebiqao Embriao Emergente Empenamento Empilhadeira Empilhamcnto Empobrccida Empobrecimento Empreiteiro pcqucno Emulsionante Encanoamento Encapsula@o Enchente Endemic0 Endogamia Endomicorriza Endospenna Endurecimcnto Encrgia Energia de biomassa Energia solar Engalhado Enganchar Engcnharia florestal Engcnharia gcnctica Engenheiro florcstal Enriquecimento em linhas Ensaio Ensaio de campo Entrecasca Entrelinhas Entre-no Envasado Envenenar Enxada Enxame Enxertar Enxerto Enxerto forquilhado Enxerto radicular Enxofre Enxurrada Efemcrdfita Epibioto Epifita Equa@o Equa@o de volume

Ecotone Ecotourism Ectomycorrhiza Border effect Edge effect Residual effect Effluent Trace elements Balanced (cnvironmcnt) Soaking Embryo Emcrgcnt (u-cc) Warp Forklift truck, Lift truck Stack (v.) Depleted Nutrient depletion, Leaching GYPP~ (logger) Emulsifier Cup (lumber) Encapsulation Flooding Endemic Inbreeding Endomycorrhiza Endosperm Casehardening, Hardening off Energy Biomass cncrgy Solar cncrgy Branchy Hook (v.) Forestry Genetic engineering Forester Line planting Trial Field trial Inner bark Space between rows Intcmode Potted (seedling) Poison (v.) Hoe Swarm (insects) Graft (v.) Graft, Stock (grafting) Cleft grafting Root graft Sulphur Runoff Ephemeral plant Scion Epiphyte Equation Volume equation

Equa@o universal de pcrda de solos Equilrbrio dinrimico Erosao Eros20 em sulcos Eros20 em voCoroca Eros20 eolica Eros20 hidrica Eros20 lamimar Erro de amostragem Erro experimental Erro padrao Erva daninha ENa de passarinho Escada para peixes Escala Escaldadura Escalpagem Escapamento Escarificacao Escarificao do solo Escarificador Escarpa Escoamento pelo tronco Escoamento superficial Escola de ciCcia florestal Esconderijo de fcrramemas ou provisoes Espacamento Espacamento apcrtado Esp6cies pcrsistentcs Espessura de casca Espessura de horizontc (solo) EspCc ie Es@ie ameacada Esp&ie daninha agrcssiva Esp&ie de crescimcnto lcnto Esp&ie de crescimcnto rapid0 Esp&ie exotica Esp6cie exuberantc EspZcie secundaria Esp6cie tolerante EspCcie umbrofila (tolcrantc a0 sol) Esp6cime Espinho Espinho de peixe Espinhoso Esporo Esquadria Estabclecimcnto Estaca Estaca enraizada Esta@o Estacao chuvosa Estacao experimental

Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) Dynamic equilibrium Erosion Rill erosion Gully erosion Wind erosion Water erosion Sheet erosion Sampling error Experimental error Standard error Weed Mistletoe Fish ladder Scale Sunscald Scalping Escape (plant) Scarification (seed) Soil scarification Scarifier Escarpment Stem flow Runoff Forestry school Cache Spacing Close spacing Persistent species Bark thickness Horizon thickness Species Endangered species, Threatened species Noxious species Slow-growing species Quick-growing spccics, Fast-growing spccics Exotic species Fast-growing spccics Secondary species Tolerant species Tolerant species Specimen Spine, Thorn Herring-bone (pattern) Spiny Spore Squaring (v.) Establishment (plantation Stake, Piling Rooted cutting Season (of the year) Rainy season Experiment station 33

Esta@o scca Estagnacao Estamc Estaquia Esteio Esteira de uibuas verdes Estepe Esterco Est&co de curral Estere Estereoscopio Estiagem EstilhaGo de cavaco Estiva de toras Estoqueado Estoqueamento Estolho, Estolao Estropo Estoque de crescimento Estoque de toras Estoque do vivciro Estrada cascalhada Estrada de exploracao Estrada de ferro Estrada dc verao Estrada florestal Estrada permanente Esnada secundjria Estratificacao (de semcntcs) Estratificacao vertical Estresse Estresse de murcha Estria mineral Estrobilo Estropeiro Estrutura Estrutura de povoamcnlo Estufa Estufa de ambiente controlado Estufa solar Etiquetado Eucalipto Eutr6fico Evapotranspiracao Evolu@o Excess0 de pastoreio Excrement0 animal Exfoliar Expansao demografica Expectativa dc vida Explora@o Explora@o corn sub-cobcrturn Exploracao degradora Explora@o final Extra@0 Extra@0 dc arvores Extra@0 de madeira Extracao de resina (ou latex)

Dry season Stagnation Stamen Mass propagation Building pole Greenchain S tcppe Animal dung Manure Stere Stereocope Drought Splinter Live deck Stocked Stocking Stolon Choker Growing stock Log deck Nursery stock Graveled road Logging road Railroad Seasonal road Forest road All-weather road Feeder road Stratification Stratification (stands) Stress Drought stress Mineral stain Strobilus Choker setter, Hooker Structure Stand structure Dry kiln, Grecnhousc Environmental chamber Solar dryer Tagged Eucalypt Eutrophic Evapotranspiration Evolution Overgrazing Scat Exfoliate Population growth Life expectancy Harvest, Exploitation Shelterwood cut High-grade logging Final harvest Harvest, Extraction Tree removal Lumbering Tapping

Extra@0 de toras Extrapolacao Extrativo Extremidade mais baixa Extremidade mais grossa Exsudacao Exuberancia Fabrica de papel Face Fagulha Faixas quebra-vcntos Falha Falsos an&is anuais Familia Fardo Fator de convcrsao Fator de forma Fator limitante Fauna Fauna silvestrc Fazenda Fazendeiro Fazer covas Fcchamento de copas Fcchamento do dosscl Fenda Fenologia Fendtipo Ferida basal Ferro de cova Ferrugem Fertilidadc do solo F&.il Fertiliza@o Fibra Figura Fileira Filcira cortada Fissura Fita Fita de diametro Fita de marcar Fitossaniuirio Fitoteca Fito toxic0 Fixa@o Fixa@o de dunas Fixa@o dc nitrogenio Flanco Flecha Floema Flor Florar, Floresccr Florescimcnto Floresta Florcsta aberta Floresta artificial

I-wing
Extrapolation Extractive Butt (log) Butt (log) Bleeding (trees) Aggressive growth Papermill Face Spark Shelterbelts Blank (planting spot), Fault (geologic) False annual rings Family Bale, Bundle Conversion factor Form factor Limiting factor Fauna Wildlife Farm, Ranch Farmer, Rancher Pit (v.), Dig planting holes Crown closure Canopy closure Crack Phenology Phenotype Catface Planting bar Rust (disease) Soil fertility Fertile Fertilization Fiber Figure (wood) Row Swath Check (wood) Strap Diameter tape Flagging Phytosanitary Herbarium Phytotoxic Fixation Dune fixation, Reclamation Nitrogen fixation Hillside Leader Phlocm Flower Bloom (v.) Florescencc Forest Woodland Man-made forest 34

Floresta de construcao Floresta de neblinaFloresta de pantano Floresta de protecao Floresta de rendimcnto Floresta de varzea Floresta explorada mista pluvial primitiva produtora dc alimcnlos Floresta riparia, Florcsta ribeirinha Floresta seca Floresta secundaria Florcsta semi-dccidua Floresta tempcrada Floresta tropical Floresta timida Floresta velho Floresta virgcm “Flume” Fluxo de agua Fluxo de caixa Foco de fogo Fogo Fogo contra o vento Fogo controlado Fogo de encontro Fogo que alastra rapid0 Fogo rente ao chao Foice Folha Folha composta Folha laminada Folhagem Folhas semidccompostas Folhas palmadas Folio10 Fonte altcmativa dc cncrgia Forca (madeira) Forma Forma de vida Forma@o Formiga Formula Forquilhado Forragem “Forwarder” Fosforo Foss0 Fotografia aCrea Fotointerpretacao Fotoperiodo Fotossintese Floresta Floresta Floresta Floresta

Intermediate stand Cloud forest Swamp forest Protection forest Production forest Floodplain forest, Swamp forest Cut-over forest, Loggedover forest Mixed forest Rain forest Old growth forest Food forest Riparian forest Dry forest Secondary forest, Second growth Semidcciduous forest Temperate forest Tropical forest Moist forest Old growth forest Virgin forest Flume Flush (water) Cash flow Hotspot Fire Backburning Controlled burn Backlirc Running fire Ground fire Brush hook Leaf Compound leaf Veneer she& Foliage Leaf mold Palmately compound Leaflet Alternative source of cncrgy Strength Form Lift-form Formation (vegetation, rock) Ant Formula Forked Forage For-wader Phosphorous Ditch Aerial photograph Photointcrpretation Photoperiod Photosynthesis

“Fox-tail” FreqiiCncia Frutificacao Fruto Fumegante Fumo Fungo Furo diminuto Fuste Fuste inteiro Gado Galha Galhinho Galho Galho quebrado Gancho para virar tacos Gancho para virar toras Galhos primarios Garra Garras (para toras) Gato Geada Genttica Gcnotipo Geologia Germinabilidade Germinacao de scmcntcs Germinacao epigea Germinacao hipogca GCnero Germoplasma Gimnosperma Gleba de terra Golpe de retrocesso da motosserra Gomose Gradiente Grama Gramado Graminea Graminea de moita Grande escala Granjeiro Grao Grao helicoidal Grao revessa Graus de liberdadc Grua a cabos Grua empilhadeira Grua hidraulica Grupo de &ores Guarda-florestal Guincho Guincho de baldcacao Guindaste “Habitat” Habit0

Fox-tail Frequency Fruiting Fruit Fumigant Smoke Fungus Pin hole Bole Whole-tree Livestock, Stock (domestic animals) Gall Twig Limb, Branch Stub Peavey Cant hook Primary branches Dog (saw mill) Tongs Cant hcok Frost Genetics Genotype Geology Germinability Seed germination Epigeous germination Hypogeous germination Genus Germplasm Gymnosperm Site Kick-back (chain saw) Gummosis Gradient Grass Sward, sod Grass Bunch grass Large-scale Farmer Grain Spiral grain Interlocking grain Degrees of freedom Jammer Boom loader Loading boom Clump of trees Forest ranger, Ranger Winch Yarder Jammer Habitat Habit (plant form) 35

Halofita “Hardpan” Heliofilas Herb5rio Herbicida Herdabilidade Heterogeneidade Hibridacao Hibrido Higrometro Hip&ese de nulidade Hipsbmetro Histograma Holistico Homeostase Homogeneo Homologia “Honeycomb” Horizonte Horizonte de copas da florcsta Horizonte de poda animal Hospedeiro Hospedeiro altemo Humificacao Humus Idadc de rotacao Igap Imersao curta (preservativa) Impact0 ambiental Implantacao Impregnacao In&ndio de camp0 In&ndio de copa Inc&ndio de mancha IncCndio do mato IncCndio florcstal Indndio lent0 Increment0 media anual Increment0 volumctrico Indice de germinacao Indice de sitio Indigena Industrial Infestacao Infiltracao InfiltrGmetro Informacao basica Infra-estrutura Infra-vermelho Ingressos Injecao de &ores Injtirias de toragem Inocular Inoculo Inseticida Insetivoro Inset0

Halophyte Hardpan Light-demanding species Herbarium Herbicide Hercdability Heterogeneity Hybridization Hybrid Hygrometer Null hypothesis Hypsometer Histogram Holistic Homeostasis Homogeneous Homologous Honeycomb (defect) Horizon Canopy Browse line Host Alternate host Humification Humus Rotation length Marsh, Wetland Dip Environmental impact Establishment, Planting Impregnation Range fire Crown fiie Spot fiie Brush fire, Forest fire Wild fire Creeping fire Mean annual increment Volume increment Germinability Site index Indigenous Industrial Infestation Infiltration Infiltrometer Basic information, Base line data Infrastructure Infra-red Ingrowth Tree injection Logging damage Inoculate (v.) Inoculum Insecticide Inseciverous Insect

Inset0 brocador de toras Insola@o Inspecionado Intensidade de chuva Intensificacao Interceptacao de precipitacao Interceptacao de prccipitacao por copas Intemddio Interplantar Interplantio Interpretacao visual Intersemeadura Interval0 de confianca Intolerante Introdu@o de especies Invasor Invent&i0 Invent&i0 florestal Inventjrio florestal para exploracao Inversao Irrigacao Iscar Jangada Jardim bodnico Junta Junteira “Kick-back” Laboratorio Lama Lamina Lamina frontal cortadora Laminado Laminado de torte plano Laminado descnrolado Lanceolada LanGa-chamas Lancamento a&co de sementcs LanGar sementcs Larga escala Lasca Lascar Laterita L&x Latifolio Latossolos Lavouras Lavrar Lavrar corn machado Legume Leguminosa Lei do minim0 Leito de rocha firme Leito do rio LenGo frczltico Lenha Lenha de ramos

Timber-boring insect Insolation Supervised Rain intensity Enhancement Interception of precipitation Crown interception of precipitation Internode Under-planting Interplanting Visual interpretation Intersccding Confidence interval Intolerant (to shade) Introduction of species Invader Inventory Forest inventory Cruise Inversion Irrigation Bait (v.) Raft Botanic garden Joint Joiner (machine) Kick-back Laboratory Muck (soil) Blade Tree shear (KG blade) Veneer Sliced veneer Peeled veneer Lanceolate Drip torch Aerial seeding Seed (v.) Large-scale Chip Chip (v.) Laterite Latex Broadleaf, Hardwood Latisols Farming Cultivate (v.) Hewing Legume Leguminous plant Law of the minimum Bedrock River bed Water table Firewood, Fuclwood Branchwood 36

Lenha do mato Lenhador Lcnho de pros difusos Lenho de reacao Lenho de verao Lenho initial Lenho primavcril Lenho tardio Lenticela Levantamento Levantamento de solos Liana Liber Libcracao Licenca para cortar ou pastorar Lider Lignicultura Lignificado Lignina Limite superior da florcsta Limo Limpar corn ancinho Limpeza Lingticta e ranhura Linha Linha de aceiro Linha de toras flutuantcs ligadas Linhagem Liquen Lisimctro Liteira Litoral Lixamento Lixiviacao Lodo Lodo de esgotos Loess (Solo) Long0 prazo Luz Macaco Macerar Machadinho Machado Macico florcstal Macicos puros Madeira Madeira aglomcrada Madeira ardida Madeira beneficiada Madeira bruta Mad&a Clara Madeira de comprcssao Madeira-de-k3 Madeira de ten&o Madeira dura Madeira em pC Madeira impregnada corn rcsina

Brushwood Lumberjack, Woodcutter Diffuse-porous Reaction wood Summer-wood Early wood Springwood Latewood Lenticel
SllNCj' Soil SUNCJ'

Liana, Vine Phloem Rcleasc Allotment Lcadcr Ligniculture Lignified Lignin Timber-line Silt Rake (v.) Cleaning (silvicultural) Tongue and groove (lumber) Row Fire line Boom (floating) Breeding line Lichen Lysimctcr Litter Littoral Sanding (wood working) Leaching Muck (soil) Sewage sludge LAXSS, Wind-blown silty soil Long-term Light Monkey Lacerate (v.) Hatchet Ax Closed forest, Dcnsc stand Pure stands Wood, Lumber, Timber Particle board Incipient rot Finished lumber Rough lumber Clear (lumber) Compression wood Hardwood Tension wood Hardwood lumber or timber Standing timber Lightwood

Madeira mole Madeira nobre Madeira para encrgia Madeira para palitos de fosforos Madeira para pasta Madeira para polpa Madeira para serragem Madeira para tanoaria Madeira perfurada por brocas Madeira podre e csponjosa Madeira solida Madeira redonda Madeira roliCa Madeira Verde Madeireiro Mal-das-folhas Manada Mancha de seiva Mancha azul Mancha fiingica Mandioca Manejo da fauna silvcstrc Mancjo da paisagcm Manejo de &ores individuais Mancjo de bacias hidrograficas Manejo de caCa Manejo de pastagcns Manejo dc povoamcntos intermedikios Manejo de propositos mtilliplos Manejo de recrea@o Manejo de uso mtiltiplo Manejo de viveiro Manejo florestal Manejo participative Manejo sustent5vel Mangue Manta organica do chao florestal Manuten@o Manuten@o de povoamcntos Mapa Mapa plani-altim&trico Mapa topografico Mapeamento Maquina carregadora Maquina esmagadora Maquina plantadora intermitente Maquina separadora Marca Marca em arvore Marca@o dc mad&a Marcador Marcar Marcar corn etiqueta

Soft Wood Precious wood, Quality hardwood Fuclwood Matchwood Pulpwood Pulpwood Saw timber Cooperage wormy Punky Solid wood Roundwood Roundwood Green lumber Logger, Lumberjack Leaf blight Herd Sapstain Blue-stain Stain (fungal) Manioch Wildlife management Land management Single-tree management Wathershed management Game management Range management Intermediate stand management Multipurpose managcmcnt Recreation management Multiple-use managcmcnt Nursery management Forest managcmcnt Participatory management Sustainable management Mangrove Litter layer Maintenance Tending of stands Map Topographic map Topographic map Mapping Loader Crusher Intermittent planter Sorter (mill) Brand Blaze Timber marking Marker Mark (v.) Tag (v.) 37

Marccnaria Marco de limitcs Marga Margem do rio Massa Massa especifica Mastro Mata Mata alta Mata ciliar Mata de galcrias Mata morta Mata primaria Mata virgem Matagcm Matar Mateiro Material de origem Materia-mater Ma&a organica Materia organica bruta MatCria-prima Mato Matriz porta-scmentes Matura@o ap6s a colhcita Maturidade Maturidade financicra Mecaniza@o Media Media aritmetica Media geometrica Media ponderada Mediana Medicina popular Medi@o Medidas quantitativas Medidor dc espessura dc casca Medula Meio ambiente Melhoramento de talhocs Melhoramento florestal Mensura@o Mensura@o de toras Mergulhia Meristema Mesofauna do solo MedIita Metais pesados M&do de abrigo dc arvores adultos Mttodo de brota@o de cepas MCtodo de brotos M&do de torte raso M&do de enriquecimento em linhas MCtodo de explora@o sclctiva

Cabinet making, Joinery Boundary marker Loam River bank Volume, Mass Specific gravity Spar tree Woods, Forest High forest Riparian forest Gallery forest Dead wood Primary forest Virgin forest Cruise Bag (hunting) Woodsman Parent material Parent material Organic matter Biomass Raw materials Brush, Scrub (vegetation) Seed tree After-ripening Maturity Financial maturity Mechanization Average Arithmetic mean Geometric mean Weighted avcragc Median Folk medicine Measurcmcnt Quantitative measurements Bark gauge Pith, Cores (of logs) Environment Timber stand improvement (TSI) Forest tree improvement Mensuration Scaling Layering (rooting) Meristem Soil mesofauna Mesophyte Heavy metals Shelterwood method Reproduction by sprouts Sprout method Clearcutting method Enrichment planting (in lines), Line planting method Selection method

Metodo de faixas estrcitas Mttodo de selc@o por grupos Metodo dc talhadia Metodo matriz porta-scmcntcs MCtodo “rccru” Metodo “shcltcrwood” Metodo “taungya” MicClio Micorriza Micro-clima Microrelevo Microorganismo Migra@o das cspccics Milho Mina Miolo Mddulo dc ruptura Mocr Moirao roliGo Moldagem Monda Monitor Monocultura, Monocultivo Monoico Montagem Montanha Montar “MO? (humus) Morador da florcsta Morcego Morro Morro abaixo Mortalidade Morte do topo Mosaic0 Mosaic0 da vegcta@o Motoniveladora Motoserra Motoserra corn corrcntc Motoserrista Mourao Moveis Movido por energia solar Movimento flutuantc Muda Muda coletada no bosquc Muda da mata Muda desfolhada Mudqa climatica Mudanga de folhas Mudas em embalagens Mudas em estoque “Mulch” “Mull” (humus) Multiano MultietZmeo Multiplica@o assexuada Murchar

Strip method Group selection method Coppice method Seed tree method Line planting method Sheltcrwood method Taungya method Mycclium Mycorrhizae Microclimate Microrelief Microorganism Migration of spccics Corn Mine Cores (of logs) Modulus of rupture Grind (v.) Pole (wood) Moulding, Shaping Hand weeding Monitor (v.) Monoculture Monoecious Rigging Mountain Rig (v.), Mount (v.) Mor (humus) Forest dwcllcr Bat (animal) Hill, Mountain Downslope Mortality Dicback,Top-kill Mosaic Vegetational mosaic Motorgrader Chain saw, Power saw Chain saw Faller, Chain saw operator Fencepost Furniture Solar-powered Drift Seedling Wildling Wildling Stripling Climatic change Leaf-fall Containerized seedling Planting stock Mulch Mull (humus) All-aged forest All-aged forest Asexual propagation Wilt (v.), Wither (v.) 38

Muta Muta@o Mutualismo Nadadeira dorsal Nao pcrturbado Nao supcrvisionado Nativo Naturalizado Naturcza Natureza silvicultural Necrose Nematoide Nevoeiro Niche ccoldgico, Niche Nidifica@o Nitrificaqao NitrogEnio Nivcl de si@ic3ncia Nivelar N6 Nodo Nodula@o Nddulos radicais Nomc vernacular Nomc comum Nomcnclatura Normas basicas Noz “Nurse crop” Nutricnte 0c1us~0 61eo essential Olcoresina &ho-de-pcrdiz Orqa Operador Orelha de pau Orienta@o de dire@o Orificio dc inscto Ornamental Ortcte Osmose Pa Padrao PadrHo de terra Padrdcs Paisagem Paisagfstico Palatabilidadc para o gado Palhagem Palmeira Pane Pantanal P%nano Papel Pamlaxe ParaInetro

Springboard Mutation hlutualism Dorsal fin Undisturbed (vcgctation) Unsupcrviscd Indigenous, Native Naturalized Nature Silvics Necrosis Nematode
Fog

Ecological niche Nesting Nitrification Nitrogen Level of significance Level (v.) Node Knot (lumber) Nodulation Root nodules Common name Common name Nomcnclaturc Guidelines Nut Nurse crop Nutrient Occlusion Essential oil Oleorcsin Bird’ eye s Jaguar Operator Conk Aspect Borchole (insect) Ornamental Ortet Osmosis Shovel, Spade Demonstration, Model, Pattcm Indicator plant Guidclincs Landscape Scenic Palatability (grazing) Mulch Palm Breakdown (machinery) Wetland Swamp Paper Parallax Paramctcr

Para-quedista para combatc de in&ndios Parasita Pamela Pamela densa Pamela produtora dc lenha Parcelas de explora@o Parenquima Parque Parque de madeiras Parte sobreposta Particula Patio de despojo Patio de madeiras Partir P&u0 Pasta branqueada Pasta de celulose Pastagem Pastar Pastorear Patio da serraria Patio intermediario Patrulha Patrulhamento tcrrcstre Pau Pau morto Peciolo Pecu5ria Pedologia Pedra calckia Pegamento Peletizador Pclo radicular Peneira Penetra@o das raizcs Percentagem de declividadc Percola@o Perda de colheita Perda de nutrientes Perenifolia PerIil do solo Perfuradores marinhos Perfmetro do fogo Pemadas PC tabular Peso especifico Peso seco a0 ar Pesquisa Pesquisa aplicada Pesquisa basica Pesquisador Pessoal de camp0 Pesticida P&ala pH do solo Picada Picadas auxiliarcs

Smokejumpcr Parasite Plot Dense stand Woodlot Cutting unit Parenchyma Park Wood yard Overlap Particle Log dump Wood yard, Landing Cleave (v.), Split (v.) Bird Bleached pulp Pulp, Wood pulp Pasture Browse (v.) Herd (v.) Log yard Log dump Patrol Ground patrol Wood, Stick, Tree Snag, Dead tree Petiole Cattle-raising, Grazing Pedology Limestone Establishment (seedling) Pelletizer Root hair Sieve Root penetration Slope percentage Percolation Yield loss Loss of nutrients Evergreen Soil profile Marine borers Fire perimeter Primary branches Board foot Specific gravity Air dried weight Research Applied research Basic research Researcher Field staff Pesticide Petal Reaction (soil) Trail Skid trails, Skid roads 39

Picadas de arrastrc Picadora Picagem Picarra Pifer Pilar Pilha de lcnha em fila Pilha de toras Pimenta-do-rein0 PinGas Pioneiro Piquenique Pisoteio Pistil0 Pivotante Plaina desengrossadcira Planalto Plancton Planejamento de uso da terra Planejamento Planicie aluvial Planicie gramada Planicie sedimentar Planimetro Planifica@o Plan0 Plan0 de combate ao fogo Plan0 de manejo Planta Planta bienal Planta efgmcra Planta indicadora Planta perene Planta@o Planta~ao corn espacamcnto estreito Planta@o de amcnidadc Planta@o mista Planta@o para encrgia Plantadcira mednica Plantar corn torrao Plantas herbaceas Plantas indicadoras Plantas medicinais Plantio Plantio consorciado Plantio de bordadura Plantio de delimita@o Plantio dc enriquccimcnto Plantio dircto Plantio em contorno Plantio em espacos Pl2ntula Plataforma Plataforma para toras Plato

Skid roads, Skid trails Chipper, Opening-up Bucking Loose rock Breakdown (machinery) Fencepost Rick Deck of logs Black pepper Grapple Pioneer (species) Picknic, Picnic Trampling Pistil Taproot Planer Plateau Plankton Land-use planning Planning Floodplain, Alluvial plain Prairie Floodplain, Alluvial plain Planimeter Planning Layout, Level Plan of attack (fire) Management plan Plant Biennial (plant) Ephemeral plant Indicator plant Perennial plant Out-planting Close-spaced plantation Amenity plantation Mixed planting Energy plantation Planting machine Earth ball planting Herbaceous palms Plant indicators Medicinal plants Planting Companion planting, Intercropping Border planting Boundary planting Enrichment planting Direct seeding, Direct sowing Contour planting Filling-in Plantlent Landing Log deck Plateau

Pluviosidade Pluvibmetro Poda de botBcs Poda de galhos mortos Poda de galhos sccos Poda dc raiz cm profundidadc Poda radicular Poda, Derrama Podadcira montada cm cabo P6-dc-serra Podrid%o Podrid branca Podrid das raizcs Podridgo parda “Pole” Pdlen Polimorfismo Poiiniza@o Poliniza@o cruzadn Poliniza@o livrc Polipl6ide Polui@o Polui@o do ar Pomar de semcntcs Ponta qucbrada Pontalete Pontaleto Ponto de 2ncora Ponto de murchamcnto Ponto de referCncia Ponto de rocio Ponto pcrmancntc dc murchamento Popula@o Porcentagem de sobrcvivEncia Porosidade Poroso Porta-enx&+to Porte Posic;Bo topogrlifica Posse da terra Possibilidade de produ$io Poste Posto de inspc@o Potissio Pote Pousio do mato Pousio Povoado Povoamcnto Povoamento coctinco Povoamento complcto Povoamento de produ$io Povoamcnto dcgradado Povoamcnto denso dc &-vorcs dclgadas Povoamento incoctanco Povoamento incompicto

Rainfall Rain gauge Bud pruning Dead pruning Dry pruning Wrenching Root pruning Pruning Pole pruner Sawdust Rot, Decay White-rot Root-rot Brown-rot Pole (tree) Pollen Polymorphism Pollination Cross pollination Open pollination Polyploid Pollution Air pollution Seed orchard Broken lcadcr Plank Mine prop Anchor point Wilting point Control point Dew point Permanent wilting point Population Survival rate Porosity Porous Rootstock Form, Habit (plant form) Topographic posiGon Land tenure Potential yield Pole (wood) Checking station Potassium Pot Bush fallow Fallow Settlement, village Stand, Population Even-aged stand Fully stocked Production stand Derelict stand Doghair stand Uneven-aged stand Undcrstockcd, Poor11

Povoamcnto intcrmcdiirio Povoamento mista Povoarnento multiano Povoamcnto puro Povoamcnto relict0 Povoamento residual Praga Prancha Precipitac%o intcrna Precipita@o mCdia anual Predator Pr&mio Prepare do sitio Prescrva#o Preservative Press20 agricola Pressgo demogrlifica Precipita@o Prisma Probabilidadc Procedcncia Proccssamento Proccsso de moagcm Process0 fisiol6gico Produ@o Produ@o Produ@o agricola tcmporliria Produ@o sustentada Produtividadc Produtividadc mlixima Produto interno bruto Produto mcnor (ou sccundlirio) da florcsta Produto padrHo Produtos florcstais Produtos madcirciros Produtos de resinas conifcras Profundidade do solo ProgEnie Programa dc sccagcm Projecao (prcsipicio) Projc@o cartogr2Xica Projeto dc cxplora@o dc madeiras PropagacHo vcgclnliva Propriedade comum Propricdadc florcstlll Propo@o dc copa viva ProveniEncia Pulgdcs Pulvcrizador costal Punilha Quadrante Qualidadc do sitio “Quarter-sawn” Qucbra de broto

stocked Intermediate stand Mixed stands All-aged stand Pure stand Relict (stand) Residual stand Pest Plank Throughfall Mean annual precipitation Predator Bounty Site preparation Prcscrvation Prcscrvativc Agr‘ uiun prcssurc Populalion prcssurc Precipitation Prism Probability Provenance Processing (wood) Millwork Physiological proccsscs output Production Catch crop Sustainable production Productivity Land use capability, Capacity Gross national product Minor forest product Millrun Forest products Wood products Naval stores Soil depth Progeny Drying regime Overhang Map projection Show (logging) Vcgetalivc propagalion Common property Forest estate Live crown raLi0 Provenance Aphids Backpack sprayer Frass Quadrant Site quality Quarter-sawn Budbreak

Quebradico Quebra-fogo Qucbra-vento Queda de agua Queda de dctritos Queda de folhas Queda de litcira Queimada Queimada prescrita Queimadura do sol Queimadura espalhada Queimar Queimar corn fogo controlado Rachadura Rachadura interior Rachaduras nas cxtrcmidadcs Racemo Raca Racao animal Rachar Radiacao Radiacao solar Raio Raiz Raiz aCrea Raiz axial Raiz escora Raiz nua Raiz tabular Rafzes gemiferas Rafzes laterais Raleo Raleadura de brotos ou mudas Ramal Ramificacao Raminho Ramo Ramo epicdrmico Ramo-ponteiro Ramos 1adrBes Ramos secundarios, Brac;os Rampa de lancamcnto Rampas de embarquc Ranch0 Rasgo da serra Raspa Raspagem RastClo de fogo Reabilita@o Realce de contraste Rebanho Rebento Reboque baixo para maquinas pesadas Rcbrota do taco Receita anual Recinto Recipiente

Brash (wood) Fire-break Windbreak Waterfall Litter fall Leaf-fall Litter fall Bum (area) Prescribed burning Sunscald Broadcast burning Bum (v.) Controlled burning Split, check (wood defect) Shake End checks Raceme Race Animal feed Cleave (v.) Radiation Solar radiation Ray (wood) Root Aerial root Taproot Proproot Bare-root (seedling) Proproot Root suckers Lateral roots Thinning Singling Skid trail, skid road Branching habit Twig Branch Epicormic branch Leader Epicomic branch Secondary branches Chute Loading ramp Ranch Kerf (saw) Shaving (wood), Rosin Sanding (woodworking) Fire rake Rehabilitation Contrast enhanccmcnt Herd Shoot, Sprout Low-boy trailer Stump sprout Allowable cut Compound (yard) Container 41

Reclamacao Recomendada Recreacrio ao ar livrc Recruta Recuperacao (serraria) Recuperacao (vcgetacao) Rccuperacao passando estimado Recuperacao abaixo do es timado Recursos renovavcis Recursos naturais Recursos nao-rcnovavcis Reestocar Refile (tabuas) Reflectincia Rcflorcstamento Refiigio Regeneracao Regcnera@o adiantada Regeneracao natural Regress20 binomial RCgua de baliza Regula$o de corm Reguladores de crescimento Rejeitado Rejeitar seletivamcntc Rejuvenescimento Relevo Remanescente Renda da terra Rendimento Rendimento anual Rendimento midio anual Rendimento sustentado Repelente Repelente de insetos Repeti@o Repicador Repicagem Replantar falhas Replantio Represa Represa para mcdir fluxo de agua Reprodu@o Reproducao assexuada Reprodu@o por estacas Reserva Reserva florestal Residue Residues Residuos de toragem Resina Resinagem

Reclamation Recommended Outdoor recreation Recruit Recovery (milling) Recovery, Regrowth (vegetation) Overrun (milling) Underrun (milling) Renewable resources Natural resources Nonrenewable rcsourccs Restocking Wane (lumber) Albedo, Reflectance Reforestation Refuge Regeneration Advance regeneration Natural regeneration Binomial regression Surveyor’ rod, Leveling rod s Regulation of cut Growth regulators Reject Cull (v.) Rcjuvcnation Rclicf (topographic) Remnant., Residual stand Land rent Yield Annual yield Mean annual yield Sustained yield Repellent Insect repellent Replication Hog (wood industry) Pricking out, Transplant Blank-filling Replacement planting, Replanting Dam Weir Reproduction Asexual reproduction Reproduction by rooted cuttings Reserve Forest reserve Residue Waste Logging slash Pitch, Resin Gum tapping, Resin tapping

Resinosa Resistencia ao rasgo ResistCncia relativa ao fogo Resistentc a seca Resistente ao vento Resistentes ao frio Respira$io Resserrar Retalho Rctardante Retardante de combustao Retirar raizes do solo Revegeta@o Rio de Bgua preta Ripa Ripagem Riparia Riper Risco de incendios Rizoma RoCadeira corn corrcntc Rocha Rocha mae Rocha matriz Rochas igneas Roqadas RoCadcira Ro~ar “Roguing” Rolete Rolete vivo Rolo Rolo corn facas Rosario Rota habitual de aves migradrias Rota@0 Rota@0 economica Rota@o patoldgica Rota@0 silvicultural Rumo Sabre Sacho Saco plbtico para mudas Safra Saida SaliCncia Saliniza@o Salvagem Samambaia Santtuirio Santukio da fauna silvcstrc “Sapling” Sapopema Saprofito Satelite de observa$ao da terra Satura@o em bases Saturado corn agua

Resinous Tearing resistance Fire-tolerant Drought-hardy Wind-firm Cold hardy Respiration Resaw (v.) Patch Retardant (fire) Fire retardant Grub (v.) Revegetation Black water river Lath, Slat Ripping (site preparation) Riparian Ripper Fire hazard Rhizome Chain flail Rock Parent material Parent material Igneous rocks Mowing Brush hook Slash (v.) Roguing Core (of log) Live roller Roller (roads) Rolling chopper Boom (floating) Flyway Rotation Economic rotation Pathological rotation Silvicultural rotation Heading Bar (chain saw) Hoe Nursery bag Harvest, crop output Overhang Salinization Salvage Fern Sanctuary Wildlife sanctuary Sapling Buttress, Proproot Saprophytc Earth observation satcllitc Base saturation Waterlogged 42

Saliva Savana Savana derivada Scbc viva (cerca viva) Secador solar Secagem Secagem a0 ar livrc Sccagem dc madcira scrrada Secar rapid0 Secas Seqao radial Se@0 transversal SCco a0 fomo, Scco cm cstufa Se@0 tangcncial Sqao dcfcituosa da tora baixa Scdimcnta@o Sediment0 Seiva Sele@o de sitio Self@0 genCtica SclqBo natural Selva Sem casca Scmeador Semeadura a larqo Scmear Scmcntc Semcntciras Sementcs certificadas Semprc-Verde Scncs&cia Sensoriamcnto remoto Separador Separar corn pen&a Serapilheira Seringueira Scrra cabeceira Serra canteadeira Serra circular Serm cortadora Serra de arco Serra de fita Scrra de fita grandc Serra de ma-lo Bowsaw Serra de serraficr Scrra de tolctcs Serra manual Serra mliltipla Serrado em scntido radial Serrado em sentido tangcncinl Serrador Serragem Scrrar madeira na dirc@io do fio Serraria Serraria corn scrra dc fi ta Serraria de scrra circular

Leaf-cutter ant Savannah Dcrivcd Savannah Hcdgc Solar dryer Drying, Seasoning (lumber) Air drying Lumber drying Knockdown (weeds) Drought Radial section Cross section Ovcndry Tangential section Long butt Sedimentation, Siltation Sediment
Sap

Site sclcction Genetic selection Natural sclcction Wildcrncss Undcrbark, Inside bark Sccdcr Broadcast seeding Seed (v.) Seed Sccdbcd Ccrtificd seed Evcrgrccn Senesccncc Remote sensing Sticker Screening Undergrowth Rubber tree Heading Edger Circular saw Trimmer Bow saw Band saw Hcadrig Handsaw, Bucksaw, Rip sawing Bolter saw Pit saw Gang saw Quarter-sawn Flat-sawn Sawyer, Cutter Sawing Rip sawing Sawmill Band mill Circular mill

Serraria de scrra multipla Serraria fixa Serraria manual Serraria move1 ScrrHo Scrratio Serrotc de poda Serrote montado cm cabo ServiGo de extensao SCrie continua SQie SCrie temporaria Silvestre Silvicola Silvicultor Silvicultura Simbiota Simbiotico Sinecologia Sistema dc corrcntao Sistema de decota@o Sistcma Gcogrlifico de Informa@cs Sistcma radicular Sistcma silvicultural Sistemas agroflorcstais Sitio Sitio cm condicdcs desfavoravcis Sobre-torte Sobre-estocado Sobreposi@o Sobrevivencia Solo Solo acid0 Solo argiloso Solo corn pcqucna profundidadc Solo da floresta Solo lcve Solo organic0 Solo pesado Solo superficial Solos antropicos Soma dos quadrados Sombra Soto-bosque Spray “Standard” Sub-bosque Sub-climax Sub-plantio

Gang mill Stationary mill Pit sawing Portable sawmill Crosscut saw Pit saw Pruning saw Pole saw Extension service Continuum Seral Time series Wild Forest-dwcllcr Silviculturist Silviculture, Silvics, Forestry Symbiont Symbiotic Synecology Chaining Pollarding system Geographic Information System (GIS) Root system Silvicultural system Agroforcstry systems Site Difficult site Overcut Overstocked Overlap Survival Soil Acid soil Clay soil Shallow soil Forest floor Light soil Organic soil Heavy soil Top soil Anthropic soils Sum of squares Shade Overstory Spray Standard (tree) Understory, Underbrush Subclimax Underplanting Subspecies Climb (v.) Subsoiler Subsoiling Subsoil 43

Substrato Sucessao Sucessao primaria Succsslio sccundluia Suculento Sulcado Sulcar Sulco Supcrffcie foliar Supervisionado Supressao Surribar Tabela Tabela de pCs tabuais cm toras Tabcla de rendimcnto Tabcla de tarifas Tabcla de volume Tabua Tabua marcada corn garras Tabuas Talhadlio Talhadia composta Talhao TalhSo de baixo valor Talhrio dcmasiado maduro TalhSo florcstal Talhao jovcm Talhao sobrcmaduro Talhar Talho Talhocs estagnados Taludc “Talus” Tambor (do guincho) Tanino “Taper” Taxa de crcscimcnto Taxa de extra@0 Taxa de infiltra@o Taxionomia Taxionomia dos solos Tecnico Tcleferico Telhas de madeira Temperament0 Temperatura Temperatura de bulbo timid0 Temperatura media anual Tempo Tempo geoldgico Tenda TendCncia ou vies Tensihmetro Teodoli to Teor crftico Teor de umidade

Subespkie Subir Subsolador Subsolagem Subsolo

Substrate Succession Primary succession Sccond,ary succession Succulent Gullicd Score (cut, v.) Furrow Leaf area Supervised Suppression Cultivate, Scarify (v.) Table Log scale Yield tables Tariff table Volume table Board Dog-board Dimension stock Coppice forest Coppice-with-standards method Plantation, Compartmcnl Low-grade stand Overmaturc stands Stand Pole stand Overmature stands Carve (v.) Felling notch, Hack Stagnant stand Embankment Talus Drum (of winch) Tannin Taper Growth rate Cutting fee Infiltration rate Taxonomy Soil taxonomy Technician Skyline (logging system) Shingles Site requirements Temperature Wet bulb temperature Mean annual tcmpcraturc Weather Geologic time Tent Bias Tensiometer Transit, Theodolite Critical level, Critical content Moisture content

Tcrcado Terebentina Terminologia Tcrmografo Terra Terra baixa Terra vegetal Terra-firme TerraGo Tcrras publicas Terreno abandonado Terreno acidentado Tcrreno arborizado Tcrrcno corn vcgctac;ao natural Terrcno marginal Tcrrcno scm vcgcta$io Tcrrcno sulcado c scm solo TerriCo Tesoura de poda Tcsouras de poda Tesourao hidraulico Teste dc campo Testemunha Textura Textura do solo Textura grossa (madcira) TiGo Tipo florestal Tirar o melhor Taco Taco alto Taco qucbrado Tolcrancia Tolcdncia ao sombrcamento Tolcte, Torctc Tolerante ao sal Tomar posse de terms indevidamente Tombamcnto cm disposi$ao uniforme Tombar Tonalidade Topo Topografia Toposequ6ncia Tora Tora curta Tora falquejada Tora mais baixa Tora para laminar Tora para serraria Tora prdxima da base Toragcm Tor@o Torccdura

Machete Turpentine Terminology Thermograph Land Lowland Organic soil Upland Terrace Public lands Waste land Rugged terrain, Rough terrain Woodland Wildland Marginal land Barren land Badland Topsoil Hand clipper, Hand pruner Lopping shears Hydraulic tree shear Field test Control (cxpcrimcntal) Texture Soil texture Coarse-grained (wood) Incomplctcly carbonized residue Forest type Cream off, Cream (v.) Stump, Stump plant (seedling) High stump Stub Tolerance Shade tolcrancc Bolt (log) Salt tolerant Squatting Directional felling Fell (v.) Tonality Top Topography Toposcqucncc Log Bolt (log) cant Butt cut Peeler log, Vcnccr log Sawlog Butt log Logging Twist Warp
43

Torctc Torncaria Torno laminador Torrao Torta Tortuosa Touccira Terre de vigillincia dc incendios Trabalhabilidadc Toxicidadc Tra(;amcnto Tra@o animal Trado Trampolim Transccto Transfcrencia dc tccnologica Transitorio Transpor (mapa) Transpira@o Transplantar Transportador autocarrcga\cl Transportc Transportc fluvial dc toras Tratamcnto Tratamcnto digital Tratamcnto por prcssao Tratamcntos culturais Tratamcnto silvicultural Trator dc arrastc Trator de cstcira Trator dc rasto Travas Travcssas Trena de agrimcnsor Trcpadeira Triangula@o TribuGrio Trilha Trincha Trincha@o Trinchcira TroCo basetar Tronco Tubetcs Turfa Turma dc combatc ao fogo Tutclagcm Umbrofilo Umidade Umidade do solo Umidade relativa Umido Unidade de amostragcm Unidadc de mancjo florcstal Unidade dc mapcamcnto Unidade lisiografica Us0 livrc

Bolt (log) Turncry Vcnccr lathe Balled seedling Crook Crooked s1001 Lookout tower Workability Toxicity Bucking Animal traction Incrcmcnt borer Springboard Transect Technology transfer Transient Overlay (map) Transpiration Transplant (v.) Forwarder Haul Log drive Treatment Digital processing Prcssurc trcatmcnt Cultural trcalmcnts Silvicultural trcatmcnt Skidder Crawler tractor, Bulldozer Crawler tractor, Bulldo~r Set, Swagc (saw) Skids Surveying chain Crccpcr, Climhcr Triangulation Tributary Bed (planting) Adz Ditching Trench Butt cut Trunk Tubes (for seedlings) Peat Fircfighting crew Staking-out Shade lolcrant plant Humidity Soil moisture Relative humidity Humid Sampling unit Forest managcmcnt unit Mapping unit Physiographic unit Freeuse

Us0 mliltiplo ULilizac;Bo
Vagern

Vala dc drcnagem Vale Valor cal6rico Valor pago por tivores extraidos Vara Variabilidade Varia@o geogrxica Variac;Ho natural Vari2ncia Variantc Vari5vcl continua Varilivcl discrcta VariAvcl independcnte Varicdade Varicdadc de alto rendimcnto VLirzca

Multiple-use Utilization Pod Drainage ditch, Diversion drain (ditch) Valley Caloric value Stumpage (value)

Sapling Variability Geographic variation Natural variation Variance Variant Continuous variable Discrete variable Independent variable Variety High-yield variety Floodplain, Bottomland, Lowland Pot, Vessel (wood) Vaso Witches’ -broom Vassoura dc bruxa Deer Vcado Vcgcta@o Vegetation Distrurbcd vegetation Vcgct@o pcrturbada Four-by-four vehicle Vciculo tip0 4 x 4 Vciculo corn trac;%o nas 4 rodas Four-wheel drive vehicle Vcnda conccssiontiia. Contrato Concession Windstorm Vcntania Wind Vcnto Trail Vcrcda Vcrifica@o de campo Field check Vernalization Vcmaliza@o Vcrruma Auger Vcrticilo Whorl Vctcrano Veteran (tree) Via dc accsso Access road Viabilidade Viability Viagcm de volta arrastrando Turn (logging) toras Viagcm sem carga Deadhead Viga, Vigote Beam (wood) Vigia Lookout Vigor hibrido Hybrid vigor Vinculagem Linkage Visco Mistletoe Panoramic view Vista panor%mica Vivciro Nursery Gully, Crevasse VoCoroca Volume Volume Volume brute Gross volume Volume comercial Merchantable volume, Commercial volume Volume em pC Standing volume Volume liquid0 Net volume Volume scm dedu@o Gross volume 45

Volume sem defeito Voluntiio “Weir” “Wilting point” “Wrenching” xcrico Xcr6fita Xilema Zonarcstrita Zona tampa Zoneamento

Net scale Volunteer Weir Wilting point Wrenching Xeric Xcrophyte Xylem Restricted area Buffer zone Zonation

*U.S.GpO: 1994-565-016/00015

Francis, John K. 1994. English-Portuguese equivalents of forestry and conscrvation terms. Gen. Tech. Rep. SO-109. New Orleans, LA: U.S. Department or Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Forest Expcrimcnt Station. 45 p.

This report presents a dictionary of English and Portugucsc cquivalcnts ol scicntik, technical, and colloquial words used in Porestry and conservation lilcralurc and conversation.

Keywords: English, Portuguese, dictionary, terms, [orestry, conscrvntion.

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in its programs on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, and marital or familial status. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact the USDA Office of Communications at (202) 720-5881 (voice) or (202) 720-7808 (TDD). To file a complaint, write the Secretary of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20250, or call (202) 720-7327 (voice) or (202) 7201127 (TDD). USDA is an equal employment opportunity employer.

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