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Welding Consumables-stainless Steel

Welding Consumables-stainless Steel

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Consumables

Stainless Steel

Weldability of Stainless Steel
Introduction
Stainless steels are a group of high alloy steels that contain at least 12% chromium. In general, they are alloyed with a number of other elements that make them resistant to a variety of different environments. These elements also modify the microstructure of the alloy, which in turn has a distinct influence on their mechanical properties and weldability. Stainless steels can be broadly classified into five groups as detailed below:

operating temperatures between 500 and 900°C, delta ferrite in weld metal is necessary to overcome the possibility of hot cracking (tearing). In general, austenitic welding consumables deposit a weldment containing 4–12% delta ferrite. For special applications (i.e. when dissimilar steels are welded under conditions of high restraint), austenitic consumables having weld metal delta ferrite contents as high as 40% may be required. The delta ferrite content can be calculated by using the procedure given at the end of this section with the aid of the Schaeffler diagram. The carbon content of austenitic stainless steels is kept at very low levels to overcome any possibility of carbide precipitation, where chromium combines with available carbon in the vicinity of the grain boundaries, to produce an area depleted in chromium, and thus becomes susceptible to intergranular corrosion. The titanium and niobium stabilised AISI 321 and 347 steels, together with ELC (extra low carbon) grades, are available to further overcome this problem.

Austenitic stainless steels, which contain 12–27% chromium and 7–25% nickel. Ferritic stainless steels, which contain 12–30% chromium with a carbon content below 0.1%. Martensitic stainless steels, which have chromium content between 12 and 18% with 0.15–0.30% carbon. Ferritic-austenitic (Duplex) stainless steels, which contain 18– 25% chromium, 3–5% nickel and up to 3% molybdenum. Martensitic-austenitic steels, which have 13–16% chromium, 5–6% nickel and 1–2% molybdenum.

Ferritic stainless steels
These steels, which contain 12–30% chromium with a carbon content below 0.10% do not exhibit the good weldability of the austenitic types. They become fully ferritic at high temperatures and undergo rapid grain growth, which leads to brittle, heat affected zones in the fabricated product. No refinement of this coarse structure is possible without cold working and recrystallization. In addition, austenite formed at elevated temperatures may form martensite upon transformation, which can cause cracking problems. The brittleness and poor ductility of these materials have limited their applications in the welded condition. Ferritic stainless steels are also subject to intergranular corrosion as a result of chromium depletion from carbide precipitation. Titanium and niobium stabilised ferritic steels and steels with extra low interstitials (i.e. C,N) are available to overcome this problem. As this material has a coefficient of expansion lower than that of carbon manganese steels, warpage and distortion during welding is considerably less. They are magnetic, however, and therefore subject to magnetic arc blow. Ferritic stainless steels cannot be hardened by conventional heat treatment processes.

The first three of these groups will be discussed in greater detail below.

Austenitic stainless steels
This is by far the largest and most important group in the stainless steel range. These steels, which exhibit a high level of weldability, are available in a wide range of compositions such as the 19/9 AISI 304 types, 25/20 AlSI 310 types and 19/12/2 AISl 316 types, which are used for general stainless steel fabrications, elevated temperature applications and resistance to pitting corrosion respectively. As the name implies the microstructure of austenitic stainless steel consists entirely of fine grains of austenite in the wrought condition. When subjected to welding, however, a secondary ferrite phase may be formed on the austenite grain boundaries, in the heat affected zone and in the weld metal. The extent of the formation of this secondary phase may depend on the composition of the steel or filler material and the heat input during welding. While delta ferrite formation can have negative effects on the resistance to corrosion and formation of the sigma phase at

WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock, excessive noise, eye and skin burns due to the arc rays, and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. Refer to www.boc.com.au or www.boc.co.nz

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AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables

Stainless Steel
Martensitic stainless steels
Martensitic stainless steels contain between 12 and 18% chromium with 0.15–0.30% carbon. Because of their composition, these steels are capable of air hardening and thus special precautions should be taken during welding to overcome possible cracking. Cold cracking as a result of hydrogen, which is experienced with low alloy steels, can also occur in martensitic stainless steels and thus hydrogencontrolled consumables should be used. Martensitic steels, because of their lower chromium content and responsiveness to heat treatment, have limited applications for corrosion resistance but are successfully used where their high strength and increased hardness can be utilised (e.g. turbine blades, cutlery, shafts etc). As in the case of ferritic stainless steels, the martensitic types have a lower coefficient of expansion than mild steels and are magnetic.

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electrode is recommended. This would tend to alleviate many of the toughness problems of ferritic stainless steel weld metal and could obviate the need for post-weld heat treatment (i.e. in many cases the narrow notch sensitive, heat affected zone could be tolerated). Martensitic steels These steels require a preheat of 200–300°C followed by slow cooling after welding. This should be followed, if possible, by a postweld heat treatment. Austenitic stainless steel electrodes are normally used for welding this material.

Procedure for welding clad steels
The use of a clad-material, consisting of a mild or low alloy steel backing faced with stainless steel, usually from 10 to 20% of the total thickness, combines the mechanical properties of an economic backing material with the corrosion resistance of the more expensive stainless steel facing. This facing usually consists of austenitic stainless steel of the 18% chromium 8% nickel or 18% chromium 10% nickel types, with or without additions of molybdenum, titanium and niobium, or a martensitic stainless steel of the 13% chromium type. The backing should be welded first, while making sure that the root run of the mild steel electrode does not come into contact with the alloyed cladding. This can be achieved in two ways, either by cutting the cladding away from both sides of the root, or welding with a closed butt preparation and a sufficiently large root‑face. After welding the mild steel side, the root run should be back grooved and the stainless clad side welded with a stainless electrode of matching composition. The use of a more highly alloyed electrode (e.g. Smootharc S309) for the initial root run on the clad side is advisable. This applies particularly to preparations in which the backcutting of the cladding makes pick-up from the mild steel difficult to avoid. For the best resistance to corrosion, at least two layers of stainless weld metal on the clad side are recommended. The welding of material that is clad or lined with 13% chromium (martensitic) steels usually requires a preheat of 250°C and the use of austenitic electrodes of appropriate type. Welding should be followed by a post-weld heat treatment, though satisfactory results can be obtained without these precautions if, during welding, heat dissipation is kept to a minimum. This will help to temper the heataffected zone by utilising the heat build-up from adjacent weld runs.

Procedure for welding stainless steels
The procedure for welding stainless steel does not differ greatly from that of welding mild steel. The material being handled, however, is expensive and exacting conditions of service are usually required, necessitating extra precautions and attention to detail. Stainless steel can be welded using either AC or DC, with as short an arc as possible to overcome any possibility of alloy loss across the arc. When using AC, a slightly higher current setting may be required. When welding in the flat position, stringer beads should be used and, if weaving is required, this should be limited to 2 times the electrode diameter. The heat input, which can adversely affect corrosion resistance and lead to excessive distortion, should be limited by using the correct electrode diameter to give the required bead profile and properties at the maximum travel speed. In all cases, the heat input should be limited to 1.5 kJ/mm. Specific points to be noted for the different stainless steel types are given below. Austenitic steels As austenitic stainless steels have a coefficient of expansion 50% greater than carbon manganese steels, distortion and warping can be a problem. Welding currents should therefore be kept as low as possible with high travel speeds, tacking should be carried out at approximately half the pitch used for mild steel and welding should be balanced and properly distributed. Preheating should not be applied and post-weld heat treatment of this material is seldom required after welding. Austenitic stainless steels are normally welded with electrodes of matching composition to the base material. See the table at the end of this section for specific recommendations. Ferritic steels The need for preheating is determined to a large extent by composition, desired mechanical properties, thickness and conditions of restraint. Preheat, when employed, is normally at no more than 200°C. Some ferritic stainless steels can form chromium carbides at the ferrite grain boundaries during welding. For these types, a post-weld heat treatment of 700–800°C will restore the corrosion properties of the material. For mildly corrosive applications, and where the presence of nickel bearing weld metal can be tolerated, an austenitic stainless steel

Procedure for welding stainless steels to mild or low alloy steels
Situations frequently arise in which it becomes necessary to weld an austenitic stainless steel to a mild or low alloy ferritic steel. In selecting a suitable electrode, the effect of dilution of the weld metal by the base material must be considered. The weld metal may be diluted from 20 to 50% depending on the welding technique used, root runs in butt joints being the most greatly affected since all subsequent runs are only in partial contact with the base material and share dilution with neighbouring runs. If a mild or low alloy steel electrode is used to weld stainless to mild steel, the pick up of chromium and nickel from the stainless steel side to the joint could enrich the weld metal by up to 5 percent chromium and 4% nickel. This would result in a hardenable, crack-sensitive weld. Austenitic stainless steel electrodes are therefore used for joining dissimilar metal combinations of stainless materials to mild and low

WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock, excessive noise, eye and skin burns due to the arc rays, and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. Refer to www.boc.com.au or www.boc.co.nz

AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables

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Stainless Steel
Niobium (Nb) 1� A strong carbide former. Used to stabilise austenitic stainless steels against the harmful precipitation of chromium carbides in the range 480–820°C 2� A strong ferrite former 3� Added to some high strength alloys for hardening and strengthening effects 4� Added to some martensitic straight chromium stainless steels to tie up the carbon and hence reduce the hardening tendency of the steels Titanium (Ti) 1� A strong carbide former. Used to stabilise austenitic stainless steels against the harmful precipitation of chromium carbides in the range 480–820°C 2� A strong ferrite former 3� Added to some high-strength heat resisting alloys for its hardening and strengthening effects Cobalt (Co) 1� Added to various alloys to impart strength and creep resistance at high temperatures Tungsten (W) 1� Improves the high-temperature strength and creep resistance of some high-temperature alloys Nitrogen (N) 1� A strong austenite former 2� Used to minimise grain grown in high chromium, straight chromium steels at high temperatures

alloy ferritic steels. However, the correct type, which has sufficient alloying to overcome the effects of dilution from the mild or low alloy steel side of the joint, must be selected because, if the weld metal does not start with an adequate alloy content, the final weld may contain less than 17% chromium and 7% nickel. Weld metal with lower chromium and nickel contents are crack sensitive. Also, if as a result of dilution the weld metal is incorrectly balanced with nickel and chromium, there may not be sufficient ferrite present in the weld metal to prevent fissuring and subsequent cracking. For these reasons, the austenitic stainless steel electrodes such as Smootharc S309L etc should be used, as their composition has been specially balanced to ensure that the total alloy content is adequate to accommodate dilution effects and their ferrite content is sufficient to provide high resistance to hot cracking.

Effects of alloying elements and impurities in stainless steels
Carbon (C) 1� A strong austenite former 2� Added to some high-strength alloys for hardening and strengthening effects Manganese (Mn) 1� Austenite former Silicon (Si) 1� A ferite former 2� Used to increase the corrosion resistance of austenitic steels 3� Used to improve high-temperature scaling resistance 4� Used to improve resistance of high-temperature steels to carburisation 5� Promotes wetting by weld metal at 0.8–1.0% Chromium (Cr) 1� A ferrite former 2� Primary contributor to resistance to scaling and corrosion 3� 12% chromium minimum essential for passivation Nickel (Ni) 1� An austenite former 2� Provides good low temperature toughness 3� Used to improve the general corrosion resistance against nonoxidizing liquids 4� Sometimes added in small amounts to straight chromium grades to improve the mechanical properties Molybdenum (Mo) 1� A ferrite former 2� Used to improve high-temperature strength and creep resistance 3� Used to improve general corrosion resistance of steels in nonoxidizing media, and resistance to pitting corrosion in all media Copper (Cu) 1� Used to improve corrosion resistance of stainless steel in environments that are reducing rather than oxidizing

WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock, excessive noise, eye and skin burns due to the arc rays, and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. Refer to www.boc.com.au or www.boc.co.nz

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AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables

a change to a higher alloy material may provide the solution.boc. causing cracking of the steel. cobalt and tungsten.e. and results in loss of ductility and toughness in steel. This provides certain information as to its behaviour during welding. is lost to the slag and is replaced by niobium as a stabiliser in electrodes. such as chlorides and some organic acids.com. By plotting the total values for the nickel and chromium equivalents on these diagrams. The scaling or oxidation resistance of these steels is derived primarily from chromium. Sigma phase embrittlement A feature that occurs when some stainless steels are exposed to temperatures in the range to 450–900°C is the formation of sigma phase. these depleted areas are eaten out and the grains of metal simply fall apart. excessive noise. An even better method of avoiding carbide precipitation is to reduce the carbon content in the steel to such a low level that negligible carbide formation is possible at any temperature. the grain boundaries are not depleted of chromium and retain their corrosion resistance.co. which is increasingly effective from 8% upwards. Another method involves redesigning to reduce the stress concentration. Such a condition may occur in the heat affected zone when a band is formed parallel to the weld where corrosion resistance is greatly reduced. elements which.e. Pitting corrosion Certain chemicals. The subsequent precipitation of chromium carbides leaves a chromium-depleted alloy in the grain boundaries of much lower corrosion resistance. a point can be found that indicates the main phases present in the stainless steel in terms of percentage ferrite and ferrite number respectively.resistance to oxidation or scaling. molybdenum. like nickel. Schaeffler and Delong diagrams A useful method of assessing the general metallurgical characteristics of any stainless steel weld metal is by means of the Schaelflar and Delong diagrams. 308L. The most satisfactory method of preventing this is to solution-treat the fabrication. Oxidation 8 Steels for heat resistance must possess one or both of two properties . Welding electrodes are available with either extra low carbon content (L grade. It is then necessary to choose another steel that has higher corrosive resistance (i. AISI 310).au or www. Refer to www. molybdenum etc tend to be fully ferritic (‘ferritic’ area). The various alloying elements are expressed in terms of nickel or chromium equivalents (i.Stainless Steel Types of corrosion Uniform surface corrosion This occurs when the general corrosion resistance of a steel is inadequate to withstand the attack of the corrosive medium. Nickel also improves oxidation resistance. the welds contain both austenite and ferrite. When the steel is immersed in a corrosive medium. Titanium used to stabilise wrought material (i. plain chromium steels must be used. since they contain the martensitic phase in the as-welded state. i. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. according to which phase is predominant.e. but only when present in large amounts. the austenite and ferrite phases become more stable and the alloy ceases to be quench hardenable. This method is limited by size considerations and the tendency to distort during the heat treatment. In this way. Such extra low carbon steels are not subject to harmful carbide precipitation during welding and also display superior impact properties at low temperatures. in certain cases. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. Other elements that contribute to creep resistance are titanium. more effective in promoting dimensional stability under stress at elevated temperatures-that is. In this region. Titanium or niobium additions are frequently made to stainless steels to act as ‘stabilisers’. As the alloying elements increase. AISI 321) is not suitable for stabilising weld metal. Unstabilised steel that has been welded may have corrosion resistance restored by quenching from 1100°C. Stress corrosion Some stainless steels that have high residual stresses remaining after fabrication will. The presence of molybdenum in the stainless steel has been found to reduce this tendency. Under such conditions. ferritic and martensitic. This is a brittle constituent that develops from the ferrite in the ‘duplex’ austenitic type of stainless steels. fail very rapidly due to stresscorrosion. tend to form austenite and elements like chromium which tend to form ferrite). It is. Steels with a relatively high level of carbon. 316L) or containing niobium to stabilise the higher carbon weld deposit against weld decay. The Schaeffler diagram indicates that the comparatively low alloyed steels are hardenable.e. while those with more chromium. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. they become more easily prone to corrosion.03% is effective in achieving this. These elements have a greater affinity for carbon than has chromium and combine with it to form harmless titanium or niobium carbides. If neither of these methods is possible or economical. The use of duplex austenitic-ferritic stainless steels can also be effective in preventing stress corrosion cracking. Sulphur attack Sulphidation may occur in nickel-bearing steel exposed to hightemperature atmospheres containing sulphurous gases.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 391 . as much of it is oxidised during transfer across the arc. niobium. This leads to the general classification of stainless steel into austenitic. nickel and manganese become fully austenitic (‘austenitic’ area).e. A carbon level of less than 0. cause localised pitting of the steel surface. usually one of higher alloy content). however. Weld decay If unstabilised Cr-Ni steels are heated to 500–900°C and allowed to cool slowly. The nickel is attacked and forms nickel sulphide. it imparts creep resistance. and the retention of correct shape under stress at elevated temperatures (i. There is also an important intermediate region of ‘duplex’ compositions indicated as A + F on the diagram.boc. This is due to the chromium in the grain boundary areas combining with the carbon.

boc. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.5 (0.2 % .co.5 x %Si) + (0. excessive noise.5 x %Mn) 21 28 20 19 24 18 20 17 16 16 15 12 14 13 8 12 4 11 AUSTENITE AUSTENITE te rri Fe 0% 2% r be um 904L en t i 0 rr Fe 2 310 % Fe 0 4 6 8 10 12 t rri e 5% 10 14 % A+M 309L 4% % 6308L 318 % 7.6 % 9.6 % 9.5 x %Mn) 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Sch a A + effler ML ine te rri Fe 0% 2% 4% 6% % 7.3% 12 . and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.2 % .3% 12 .7 10 .8% 3 A1 + M+F 20% 16 18 40% 80% 100% 316L 317L A+F Sch a A + effler ML ine MARTENSITE F+M 10 0 16 17 18 8 19 12 20 16 21 20 22 24 23 0 4 2824 Chromium equivalent equivalent = = %Cr %Cr + + %Mo %Mo + + (1.nz 392 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables .boc.5 x %Nb) Schaeffler diagram Nickel equivalent = %Ni + (30 + x %C) x %N) + (0.5 x %Mn) Nickel equivalent = %Ni (30 + x (30 %C) + (0.5 x x %Nb) %Nb) Chromium M+F AUSTENITE + FERRITE FERRITE 25 32 26 36 27 40 Delong diagram Nickel equivalent = %Ni + (30 x %C) + (30 x %N) + (0.com.5 (1. Refer to www.8% 13 r be um en t i 0 rr Fe 2 4 6 8 10 12 AUSTENITE 14 16 18 AUSTENITE + FERRITE 23 24 25 26 27 Chromium equivalent = %Cr + %Mo + (1.5 x x %Si) %Si) + + (0.5 x %Si) + (0.Nickel eq A+M+F 4 0 F+M 8 M+F FERRITE 16 20 24 28 32 36 40 0 Stainless Steel 4 8 12 Chromium equivalent = %Cr + %Mo + (1.5 x %Nb) WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.7 10 . eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.au or www.

toughness and work hardening properties. 1.0% manganese.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 393 . Refer to www.E B0. FERRITE 28 32 36 40 Nickel equivalent = %Ni + 30 x %C + 0. the degree of embrittlement that occurs being greater as the temperature and heating period is increased. rail points and crossings and similar applications subject to high impact service. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.This weld = %Cr + %Mo + 1.boc. digger teeth.2% carbon.au or www.5% silicon. excessive noise.5 x %Si + 0. the resultant of applying 30% section.5 x %Mn 28 24 AUSTENITE 20 A+M 0% t rri Fe 5% 10 e Stainless Steel 20% 40% 8 % 16 of corrosion (cont) Types F The 12 Schaeffler diagram also lets us forecast the composition of heterogenous welds (different materials). very careful control over the amount of reheating must be exercised during welding. 12% A+M+ F 4 1.5% silicon and assume that both plates (410 and carbon steel) play equal parts in F+M M+F the weld 0 and the dilution is 30% Point E is the resultant of both 0 4 8 12 16 dilution 20 to the AE 24 plates and point F. A A+F 80% 100% Suppose wantMARTENSITE to weld 410 plate (13% chromium. Points to note when welding manganese steel ■ NEVER use preheating or stress relieving ■ ■ Use minimum currents consistent with a stable arc Weld beads should be of high build-up to avoid dilution of the weld by the base material Prior to welding.08% carbon) point B to a carbon-steel manganese. equivalent the resulting weld will have 4% ferrite. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. the use of the BOC Smootharc S 309 MoL electrode is recommended.5 x %Si + 0. The inherent toughness of 11-14% manganese steel can be seriously reduced if the material is excessively heated during welding.5 x %Mn 28 24 AUSTENITE 20 16 12 8 4 0 F+M A+M 0% t rri Fe 5% 10 e % A F A+F 20% 40% 80% 100% D MARTENSITE A+M+F E M+F B 8 12 16 20 24 28 FERRITE 32 36 40 0 4 Chromium equivalent = %Cr + %Mo + 1. ■ WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. buckets. For this reason.boc.com. 0. 11-14% manganese steel is extensively used for the wearing parts of stone-breaking and ore-crushing machinery. We nickel.Chromium Therefore. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. (0.4% carbon) point A.co.5 x %Nb Welding of 11-14% manganese steel Owing to its great ductility. tumblers. using (23% chromium. 0.8% 8 we D 0.0% manganese) point D. 0.5 x %Nb is also possible without the danger of hot cracking.Nickel equivalent = %Ni + 30 x %C + 0. care should be taken to remove work hardened areas Minimise heat build-up in the component so that the temperature is below 200 degrees Celsius by: ■ ■ a) Sequence of staggered welding b) Direct cooling of the welded area by an air blast c) Indirect cooling with water ■ Any surfaces prepared by thermal cutting should be ground prior to welding For strength welding of 11–14% manganese.

Usability Designation -17 The covering of these electrodes is a modification of the -16 covering.8 Stainless Steel Coating Types AWS A5. electrodes with a -17 covering tend to produce more of a spray arc and a finer rippled weld-bead surface than those with the -16 coverings. Since both the -16 and the -17 electrode coverings permit AC operation. Usability Designation -16 The covering for these electrodes generally contains readily ionizing elements.4.boc. Electrode sizes 5/32 in. the operational differences between the two types have become significant enough to warrant a separate classification.boc. excessive noise. such as potassium. Electrode sizes 5/32 in.0 mm) and smaller may be used in all positions of welding.nz 394 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables . electrode sizes 3/16 in. (4. in that considerable silica replaces some of the titania of the -16 covering. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.au or www. both covering types were classified as -16 in the past. in order to stabilise the arc for welding with AC.com. When making fillet welds in the vertical position with upward progression.4-2000 Usability Designation -15 The electrodes are usable with DCEP (electrode positive) only. WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. Refer to www. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.0 mm) and smaller may be used in all positions of welding. The bead shape on horizontal fillets is typically flat to concave with -17 covered electrodes as compared to flat to slightly convex with -16 covered electrodes. because there was no classification alternative until this revision of ANSI/AWS A5. On horizontal fillet welds. A slower freezing slag of the -17 covering also permits improved handling characteristics when employing a drag technique.8 mm) and larger are not recommended for vertical or overhead welding.co. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. For this reason. (4. While these electrodes are designed for all-position operation. (4. However. While use with alternating current is sometimes accomplished. the slower freezing slag of the -17 covered electrodes requires a slight weave technique to produce the proper bead shape. they are not intended to qualify for use with this type of current. the minimum leg-size fillet that can be properly made with a -17 covered electrode is larger than that for a -16 covered electrode.

e. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.25%. C illustrated by means of the following example: dilution between the base and weld metal does not occur. Electrodes for welding problem steels are chromium nickel austenitic types containing delta ferrite in the range of 10–80% The weld metal is insensitive to hot cracking above 1200°C. rapid cooling rates and the presence of hydrogen. the microstructures after dilution.8%) and the BOC Smootharc S 309 MoL electrode by microstructures. Steels featuring reduced weldability are commonly referred to as ‘problem steels’ as a result of the problem areas that are directly caused by shrinkage stresses. Additional elements such as vanadium.75%. ferritic types which require preheat and austenitic steels such as 11–14% manganese 28 which require minimum heat input.08 C) MARTENSITE 10 8 Suppose we want The welding of dissimilar steels with BOC Smootharc S 309 MoL (23 Cr. Ni equivalent 14. Care should A + FThe Schaeffler diagram is a useful tool. to ensure that excessive be taken. weld metal from this mixture of A and B will be on the line that joins them. excessive noise. Ni both dissimilar base materials without forming crack-sensitive equivalent 2.e. reference 24 should be made to the section on mild and medium tensile AUSTENITE steels for the calculation of the carbon equivalent and preheat 20 temperatures. Calculation of final weld metal structures The final weld metal chemistry.5 Si and A+M+F 0. in that it allows us to 80% determine. BOC Smootharc S 309 and 312 problem steel electrodes have been specially designed to weld a large number of dissimilar materials such as stainless steels to carbon manganese steels and low alloy steels.com. Nickel equivalent = %Ni + 30 x %C + 0. boron. high carbon and tool steels etc.75%. Any resultant desired operating temperatures.co. austenite with 10percent ferrite). The coefficients of expansion should preferably be between those of the base materials in order to reduce possible stress concentrations.boc. Weld metal dilution is normally expressed as a percentage of the te final rri weld metal composition.5 x %Nb WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. 1.5 x %Si + 0. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. 0% Nickel equivalent = %Ni + 30 x %C + 0. 0. it is not possible to satisfy all of the foregoing points and a compromise has to be made.boc. This will obviously be greatest in the root pass and least in fill-in passes where two or more runs per 20% layer are used.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 395 . As we have assumed 30percent dilution.8 Mn.03 C). Problem steels fall into two categories.5% and manganese over 1.5 x %Nb point A (Cr equivalent 23.5%). chromium and molybdenum over 1. and we assume 30% dilution (the base metal contributes When of factors must be taken 4 welding dissimilar steels. The corrosion resistance of the weld metal should be superior to at least one of the base materials to avoid preferential attack of the weld metal. When hardenable ferritic steel types are to be welded. Steels of increased hardenability tend to form brittle microstructures in the heat-affected zone. 12 Ni. These structures must remain stable at the Chromium equivalent = %Cr + %Mo + 1.5 x %Mn Problem steel electrodes are suitable for welding combinations of A+M 16 A 4 dissimilar steels such as chromium. This is 12 when welding such combinations. steels. dilution % in10 the vicinity of ±25% can occur.0 Mn. ■ ■ In many instances. At ambient temperatures. Refer to www. 0. the weld metal is strong and tough and is capable of withstanding heavy impact and shock loading in service.au or www. the effect depending on a number of Fe % factors such as the joint configuration.5 x %Si + 0. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.What is the into account.5% exhibit increased strength and hardenability and decreased weldability. depend on the amount of dilution that occurs during welding. molybdenum. which may result in cracking. This te i r r Fe weld is therefore possible without any 24 0% danger of hot cracking. 0% to weld 410 steel (13 Cr. AUSTENITE 5% 20 16 12 8 4 0 F+M M+F A+M 10 % A A+F 20% 40% C MARTENSITE A+M+F 80% 100% B 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 FERRITE 32 36 40 Chromium equivalent = %Cr + %Mo + 1. niobium and titanium also influence hardenability and weldability. With the manual metal arc process. nickel. the welding technique and 0 5% the welding process.5 x %Mn ■ 8 The mechanical properties of the weld metal should be superior to the weaker of the two base materials. and therefore properties. point C will give 28 the resultant microstructure (i. and low alloy steels to 11–14% manganese steels. a number B 30% of FERRITE the union and the electrode the other 70%). silicon. theoretically.5 Si and 0. i.Stainless Steel Problem Steels Introduction Steels containing carbon in excess of 0. 0. creep-resistant steels and stainless steels to mild and low alloy steels. For example: F+M M+F composition of the resultant weld metal? ■ The 0 weld metal must be capable of accepting dilution from 0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32 36represented 40 The 410 plate is by point B (Cr equivalent 13.

420 309L 309MoL 309MoL 309L 309MoL 309L Matching or 309MoL 309L 309MoL 309L Duplex. (N08904) 347 309MoL 347 308L Base Metal ASTM. Refer to www. S31500. 904L.boc. 316 317L. excessive noise. 420 309MoL 309L 309MoL Duplex S31500 S31803 S32304 Duplex 309MoL Duplex 309MoL 309L Duplex 309MoL 309L Duplex 309MoL 309L Duplex 309MoL 309L Duplex 309MoL 309L Duplex 309MoL 347 Duplex 309MoL 309L Duplex 309MoL 309L Duplex 309MoL 309L Matching Carbon and Low Alloy Steels 309MoL 304. 347 S30815.nz 396 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables . 347 347 409. 430. S32304 Carbon and Low Alloy Steels NOTES (1) Consumables listed against a steel may not achieve matching corrosion resistance or mechanical properties. (N08904) 409. 316Ti 321. 316L. 446. 316L. (2) Welding procedure qualification should be carried out prior to welding in critical applications.au or www. 316Ti 308L 316L 347 347 318 308L 309L 316L 318 316L 318 310 316L 318 316L 321. UNS 202 201. 304L 347 308L 309MoL 309L 309. 5CR12 309MoL 309L 309MoL 309L 410. S31803. 5CR12 410.co. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. 446. 201. (253MA). (253MA). 310S 347 310 347 316L 347 316L 347 309MoL 309L 310 309MoL 309L 309MoL 309L 309MoL 309L 309MoL 309L 309L 309MoL 310 309MoL 309L 309MoL 309L 309MoL 309L 309MoL 309L 317. AISI. (3) Consult you BOC welding process specialist or visit BOC’s Inform website (subscription required) for more detailed information. This table can also be found on page 643 of this manual. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. 309S 347 309MoL 347 309MoL 308L 309L 309MoL 309L 310. 202 347 308L 304. 904L. 430.8 Stainless Steel Stainless Steels (BOC Smootharc S) S30815. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. 316 318 347 347 318 308L 309MoL 318 316 309L 316L 318 310 318 316L 317L. 309S 347 309MoL Match above 309MoL 309MoL 309L 347 Match above 309MoL 309L 309L 310 316L Match above 309MoL 309MoL 309L 316L Match above 309MoL 309MoL 309L 309L Match above 309MoL 309MoL 309L 347 Matching 309MoL 309L 309MoL 309L 309MoL 309L 310. Duplex 309MoL 309L Matching WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.boc. 310S 347 310 309MoL 347 310 308L 309MoL 309L 310 310 317.com. 304L 347 308L 347 308L 309.

nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 397 .2 80–120 29 4. dairy equipment.64 45 1. low spatter arc producing a finely rippled bead surface with excellent slag detachability.5 141 3. Redrying should be restricted to a maximum of 3 cycles. Start porosity is generally indicative of damp electrodes and is more common in fillet welds than in butt welds. if weaving is required.au or www. using as short an arc as possible to minimise alloy loss across the arc and. 304 and 304L grades. steam piping. Storage Smootharc S 308L electrodes are packaged in hermetically sealed containers. once the seal is broken. AC / DC electrode for the high quality welding of austenitic stainless steel of the 19 Cr / 9 Ni type. (mm) Part No. OCV 50V or DC+ Approx. this should be limited to 2 times the electrode diameter.0 100–160 30 2.8 Mn 0. CVN 450 MPa 580 MPa 39% min 60J @ –20°C 35J @ –196°C Application Smootharc S 308L is recommended for single and multi-pass welding of austenitic stainless steel 302.2 188083 350 3. Chemical Composition. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.0 0. However. which can adversely affect corrosion resistance and lead to excessive distortion. When welding in the flat position. to control the ferrite level.0 55 2. electrodes should be stored in heated cabinets at 70–120°C.02 Si 0. where pores only occur at high moisture contents. Refer to www. vacuum pump parts.4 E308L-17 AS / NZS 1553. textile drying equipment. For critical applications in damp environments.5 0. moisture in the electrode coating can lead to porosity in the weld metal. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.0 86 4. of electrodes / kg weld metal Kg weld metal / hour arc time Burn off time /  electrode (sec) 2. The heat input. Packaging Data Dia. low carbon grade. stringer beads should be used and. when left in the opened state for a period of time will absorb moisture.5 188082 300 2. pharmaceutical and food handling equipment.0 59 Technique Stainless steel can be welded using either AC or DC.0 9.5 7.co. to the presence of hydrogen.com.0 33 3. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. Austenitic materials are generally insensitive. Electrodes that have been stored outside of their hermetically sealed cans and have become damaged by moisture pick-up. The electrode is very easy to strike and restrike.0 9.5 40–80 28 3. can be redried at temperatures of 300–350°C for 1–2 hours.3 E308L-17 AC. should be limited by using the correct electrode diameter to give the required bead profile and properties at the maximum travel speed. Welding performance is excellent with a very smooth.boc. Austenitic stainless steel of the 19 Cr / 9 Ni type may be used in the following applications: brewing equipment.2 0. 850°C in air Smootharc™ S 308L Classification Welding current Scaling temperature Description Smootharc S 308L is a rutile coated. wt% – All Weld Metal C Typical 0. (mm) Kg weld metal / kg electrode No.0 Ni 10. Welding Positions WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.0 188084 350 3.2 Ferrite content FN 5 (WRC-92) Mechanical Properties – All Weld Metal Typical (as welded) Yield strength Tensile strength Elongation Impact energy. Re-Drying / Conditioning All electrode coatings are hydroscopic and. Length (mm) Weight can (kg) Weight carton (kg) Electrodes pkt (approx) Welding Parameters Dia.7 Cr 20.64 31 2.5 45 4.boc.Stainless Steel 8 MMA Electrodes Specifications Coating Type Rutile AWS /  ASME-SFA A5. excessive noise. (mm) Current (A) Voltage (V) Deposition Data Dia. chemical handling equipment. When using AC a slightly higher current setting may be required.62 91 1.

1 35 3. which can adversely affect corrosion resistance and lead to excessive distortion. low carbon.64 85 1.8 Mn 0.64 44 1.5 7. will absorb moisture. provided service temperatures are below 400°C.2 0. if weaving is required.0 0. structures in marine environments.0 Mo 2.5 40–80 29 3. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. Fillet welds have a slightly concave profile with excellent toe line blend-in.5 136 3. of electrodes / kg weld metal Kg weld metal / hour arc time Burn off time / electrode (sec) 2. CVN 490 MPa 600 MPa 32% min 55J @ –20°C 45J @ –120°C Application Smootharc S 316L is recommended for single and multi-pass welding of molybdenum alloyed austenitic stainless steels 316 and 316L.2 80–120 29 4. 3 Mo. Packaging Data Dia. The heat input. For critical applications in damp environments.nz 398 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables .boc. acid resisting austenitic stainless steels of the 316 / 316L type.com.5 0.3 E316L-17 American Bureau of Shipping AC.7 Ferrite content FN 6 (WRC-92) Mechanical Properties – All Weld Metal Typical (as welded) Yield strength Tensile strength Elongation Impact energy. once the seal is broken.65 14 2. Re-Drying / Conditioning All electrode coatings are hydroscopic and. 19 Cr. (mm) Current (A) Voltage (V) Deposition Data Dia. Austenitic materials are generally insensitive to the presence of hydrogen. 850°C in air Smootharc™ S 316L Classification Approvals Welding current Scaling temperature Description Smootharc S 316L is a rutile coated.02 Si 0.boc.8 Stainless Steel MMA Electrodes Specifications Coating Type Rutile AWS /  ASME-SFA A5. can be redried at temperatures of 300–350°C for 1–2 hours.0 9. a slightly higher current setting may be required. Welding Positions WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. Redrying should be restricted to a maximum of 3 cycles.co.4 E316L-17 AS / NZS 1553.0 188164 350 3. Start porosity is generally indicative of damp electrodes and is more common in fillet welds. with as short an arc as possible to overcome any possibility of alloy loss across the arc. oil refining equipment and pharmaceutical equipment.0 170–230 30 2. (mm) Part No.65 30 2.2 188163 350 3. Austenitic stainless steels of the 316 / 316L type may be used for applications such as food handling equipment. When using AC.Welding performance is excellent with a very smooth. Storage Smootharc S 316L electrodes are packaged in hermetically sealed containers. Length (mm) Weight can (kg) Weight carton (kg) Electrodes pkt (approx) Welding Parameters Dia. should be limited by using the correct electrode diameter to give the required bead profile and properties at the maximum travel speed.0 45 Technique Stainless steel can be welded using either AC or DC.5 188162 300 2.au or www. stringer beads should be used and.0 58 5. wt% – All Weld Metal C Typical 0. OCV 50V or DC+ Approx. chemical storage and transportation tanks. Refer to www.The electrode is very easy to strike and restrike. this should be limited to 2 times the electrode diameter. Electrodes that have been stored outside of their hermetically sealed cans and have become damaged by moisture pick-up.0 84 4.0 9. than in butt welds where pores only occur at high moisture contents.0 188165 450 5.0 0. AC / DC electrode for the high quality welding of molybdenum alloyed. 12 Ni. excessive noise. electrodes should be stored in heated cabinets at 70–120°C. moisture in the electrode coating can lead to porosity in the weld metal. When welding in the flat position.8 89 2.0 100–160 30 5. (mm) Kg weld metal / kg electrodes No.7 Cr 18.0 15. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. heat exchangers.5 43 4. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. when left in the an opened state for a period of time. It is also suitable for welding the Nb or Ti stabilised steels. Chemical Composition.1 56 5. low spatter arc producing a finely rippled bead surface with excellent slag detachability. However.5 Ni 12.

boc. When welding in the flat position. where pores only occur at high moisture contents. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. will absorb moisture.co.0 34 3.5 0. Stabilised 321 and 347 austenitic stainless steel grades may be used for applications such as aircraft exhaust manifolds.0 184164 350 3.Stainless Steel 8 MMA Electrodes Specifications Coating Type Rutile AWS /  ASME-SFA A5. which can adversely affect corrosion resistance and lead to excessive distortion. (mm) Kg weld metal / kg electrodes No.2 0. Start porosity is generally indicative of damp electrodes and is more common in fillet welds than in butt welds. pressure vessels and elevated temperature chemical handling equipment.9 Mn 0.2 Nb 0. moisture in the electrode coating can lead to porosity in the weld metal. a slightly higher current setting may be required.3 55 4. However. The electrode is very easy to strike and restrike.5 188472 300 2. should be limited by using the correct electrode diameter to give the required bead profile and properties at the maximum travel speed. (mm) Current (A) Voltage (V) Deposition Data Dia.3 E347-17 AC. For critical applications in damp environments. once the seal is broken.5 7. Redrying should be restricted to a maximum of 3 cycles. Re-Drying / Conditioning All electrode coatings are hydroscopic and. of electrodes / kg weld metal Kg weld metal / hour arc time Burn off time / electrode (sec) 2.6 Cr 19. The electrode has good positional welding characteristics. Electrodes that have been stored outside of their hermetically sealed cans and have become damaged by moisture pick-up can be redried at temperatures of 300–350°C for 1–2 hours. OCV 50V or DC+ Approx.0 Ni 10. low spatter arc producing a finely rippled bead surface with excellent slag detachability.au or www. The heat input.com. niobium stabilised AC / DC electrode of the 19 Cr.5 50–80 21 3. Welding performance is excellent. with as short an arc as possible to minimise alloy loss across the arc and to control ferrite level. 850°C in air Smootharc™ S 347 Classification Welding current Scaling temperature Description Smootharc S 347 is a rutile coated. The electrode is also suitable for the unstabilised grades 304 and 304L. Smootharc S 347 is primarily intended for use where resistance to weld metal sensitisation and intergranular corrosion is required. Length (mm) Weight can (kg) Weight carton (kg) Electrodes pkt (approx) Welding Parameters Dia.0 58 460 MPa 580 MPa 35% min 40J @ –60°C Application Smootharc S 347 has been especially designed for the welding of 321 and 347 stabilised steels. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. when left in an opened state for a period of time. Chemical Composition. fire walls.0 9.02 Si 0.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 399 .62 90 1. electrodes should be stored in heated cabinets at 70–120°C.2 188473 350 3. excessive noise. stringer beads should be used and. (mm) Part No.5 139 3.9 62 2. When using AC. 10 Ni type. if weaving is required.0 88 4. Austenitic materials are generally insensitive to the presence of hydrogen. wt% – All Weld Metal C Typical 0.64 46 1. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. Storage Smootharc S 347 electrodes are packaged in hermetically sealed containers. this should be limited to 2 times the electrode diameter. CVN Packaging Data Dia.0 9.0 130–170 22 2. Technique Stainless steel can be welded using either AC or DC. with a very smooth. Refer to www.63 31 1.2 80–110 22 4.5 Ferrite content FN 4 (WRC-92) Mechanical Properties – All Weld Metal Typical (as welded) Yield strength Tensile strength Elongation Impact energy.boc.4 E347-17 AS / NZS 1553.0 0. Welding Positions WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.

(mm) Current (A) Voltage (V) Deposition Data Dia. (mm) Part No.2 188093 350 3. Length (mm) Weight can (kg) Weight carton (kg) Electrodes pkt (approx) Welding Parameters Dia.4 E309L-17 AS / NZS 1553.0 9. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.0 9. Packaging Data Dia.0 Ni 13.67 83 0. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. (mm) Kg weld metal / kg electrodes No. stringer beads should be used and.2 80–120 28 4. 23 Cr. 1000°C in air Smootharc™ S 309L Classification Welding current Scaling temperature Description Smootharc S 309L is a rutile coated.0 188094 350 3. welding stainless steels to mild steels and as a buffer for hardfacing applications.67 42 1. Chemical Composition.com.co. Smootharc S 309L can also be used for welding dissimilar carbon manganese steels and low alloy steels. of electrodes / kg weld metal Kg weld metal / hour arc time Burn off time / electrode (sec) 2. Mechanical Properties – All Weld Metal Typical (as welded) Yield strength Tensile strength Elongation Impact energy. Austenitic materials are generally insensitive to the presence of hydrogen. this should be limited to 2 times the electrode diameter.8 Stainless Steel MMA Electrodes Specifications Coating Type Rutile AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.4 53 4. electrodes should be stored in heated cabinets at 70–120°C. if weaving is required. OCV 50V or DC+ Approx. CVN 470 MPa 560 MPa 34% min 48J @ –20°C 45J @ –60°C Technique Stainless steel can be welded using either AC or DC.67 28 1.3 E309L-17 AC. Redrying should be restricted to a maximum of 3 cycles. wt% – All Weld Metal C Typical 0. a slightly higher current setting may be required. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.5 7. When welding in the flat position. should be limited by using the correct electrode diameter to give the required bead profile and properties at the maximum travel speed. when left in the opened state for a period of time. low spatter arc producing a finely rippled bead surface with excellent slag detachability.5 0.0 126 4.0 100–160 29 2.8 Cr 23.5 40–80 27 3. once the seal is broken. AC / DC electrode that deposits a low carbon. Electrodes that have been stored outside of their hermetically sealed cans and have become damaged by moisture pick-up can be redried at temperatures of 300–350°C for 1–2 hours. Refer to www.9 59 2. with as short an arc as possible to minimise alloy loss across the arc and to control ferrite level.nz 400 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables .0 84 Storage Smootharc S 309L electrodes are packaged in hermetically sealed containers.5 207 3. The electrode is very easy to strike and restrike. which are often used for furnace parts. 13 Ni austenitic stainless steel weld metal.boc.0 Ferrite content FN 9 (WRC-92) Application Smootharc S 309L is recommended for welding corrosion resistant and heat resistant steels of the 309 type. For critical applications in damp environments.au or www. When using AC. The heat input. Re-Drying / Conditioning All electrode coatings are hydroscopic and. Welding performance is excellent with a very smooth.8 Mn 0.0 0. heat exchangers and chemical processing equipment. Start porosity is generally indicative of damp electrodes and is more common in fillet welds than in butt welds. where pores only occur at high moisture contents. Welding Positions WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.02 Si 0.9 42 3. However.5 188092 300 2.boc. excessive noise. moisture in the electrode coating can lead to porosity in the weld metal. which can adversely affect corrosion resistance and lead to excessive distortion.2 0. aircraft and jet engine parts. will absorb moisture.

Austenitic materials are generally insensitive to the presence of hydrogen. Start porosity is generally indicative of damp electrodes and is more common in fillet welds than in butt welds where pores only occur at high moisture contents. excessive noise.boc.5 Mo austenitic stainless steel weld metal with a ferrite content of FN 20.au or www. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.1 59 2. 2. Storage Smootharc S 309MoL electrodes are packaged in hermetically sealed containers. 12 Ni.5 0.8 Ni 12. of electrodes / kg weld metal Kg weld metal / hour arc time Burn off time / electrode (sec) 2. CVN Packaging Data Dia.0 87 555 MPa 680 MPa 33% min 50J @ –20°C Application Smootharc S 309MoL is recommended for welding corrosionresistant Cr Ni Mo steels to themselves and to mild and low alloy steels without hot cracking. However.boc.0 100–160 29 2. electrodes should be stored in heated cabinets at 70–120°C.5 210 3. stringer beads should be used and.4 E309MoL-17 AS / NZS 1553. Re-Drying / Conditioning All electrode coatings are hydroscopic and.2 188097 350 3. Technique Stainless steel electrodes can be welded using either AC or DC. 1000°C in air Smootharc™ S 309MoL Classification Welding current Scaling temperature Description Smootharc S 309MoL is a rutile coated.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 401 . The electrode is very easy to strike and restrike.65 29 2.3 E309MoL-17 AC. will absorb moisture.2 80–120 28 4.64 84 1.8 Mo 2. once the seal is broken.4 Ferrite content FN 20 (WRC-92) Mechanical Properties – All Weld Metal Typical (as welded) Yield strength Tensile strength Elongation Impact energy.5 7. with a very smooth.0 0.0 9. such as stainless steels to carbon manganese or low alloy steels and for welding austenitic manganese steel to carbon manganese and low alloy steel. austenitic manganese steel. When using AC. Smootharc S 309MoL is also recommended for welding dissimilar steels.02 Si 0. The high alloy content and ferrite level enable the weld metal to tolerate dilution from dissimilar and difficult-to-weld materials without hot cracking.Stainless Steel 8 MMA Electrodes Specifications Coating Type Rutile AWS /  ASME-SFA A5. with as short an arc as possible to minimise alloy loss across the arc and to control ferrite level. if weaving is required. tools.5 40–80 27 3.co. The electrode is suitable for welding armour plate.8 Cr 22. (mm) Current (A) Voltage (V) Deposition Data Dia.65 43 1. which may be of unknown composition.1 38 3. Length (mm) Weight can (kg) Weight carton (kg) Electrodes pkt (approx) Welding Parameters Dia. a slightly higher current setting may be required. low spatter arc producing a finely rippled bead surface with excellent slag detachability. (mm) Part No.2 0. (mm) Kg weld metal / kg electrodes No.5 188096 300 2. 23 Cr. moisture in the electrode coating can lead to porosity in the weld metal.com. For critical applications in damp environments. this should be limited to 2 times the electrode diameter.0 9. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.8 Mn 0. medium and high carbon hardenable steels. Welding Positions WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. dies.Welding performance is excellent. When welding in the flat position.0 129 4. Chemical Composition.5 55 4. Refer to www. when left in the opened state for a period of time. Electrodes that have been stored outside of their hermetically sealed cans and have become damaged by moisture pick-up can be redried at temperatures of 300–350°C for 1–2 hours. OCV 50V or DC+ Approx. springs etc. wt% – All Weld Metal C Typical 0. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. AC / DC electrode that deposits a low carbon. Redrying should be restricted to a maximum of 3 cycles.0 188098 350 3.

low spatter arc producing a finely rippled bead surface with excellent slag detachability. electrodes should be stored in heated cabinets at 70–120°C. austenitic manganese steel.au or www. of electrodes / kg weld metal Kg weld metal / hour arc time Burn off time / electrode (sec) 2. Length (mm) Weight can (kg) Weight carton (kg) Electrodes pkt (approx) Welding Parameters Dia.7 FN 50 (WRC-92) Mechanical Properties – All Weld Metal Typical (as welded) Yield strength Tensile strength Elongation Packaging Data Dia. Re-Drying / Conditioning All electrode coatings are hydroscopic and.2 188123 350 3.0 9.0 93 590 MPa 760 MPa 25% min Application Smootharc S 312 is a universal electrode specifically designed for welding steels of poor weldability. The resultant weld metal is high strength with high ductility and the structure is highly resistant to hot cracking and extremely tolerant of dilution from medium and high carbon steels.com. Electrodes that have been stored outside of their hermetically sealed cans and have become damaged by moisture pick-up can be redried at temperatures of 300–350°C for 1–2 hours. Austenitic materials are generally insensitive to the presence of hydrogen. moisture in the electrode coating can lead to porosity in the weld metal. with a very smooth. Refer to www. 1100°C in air Smootharc™ S 312 Classification Welding current Scaling temperature Description Smootharc S 312 is a rutile coated.nz 402 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables .5 51 4. medium and high carbon hardenable steels.10 Si 1. When welding in the flat position stringer beads should be used and.8 Cr 28.64 47 1.2 Mn 0.0 141 4.0 0.64 90 1. Technique Stainless steel electrodes can be welded using either AC or DC.65 31 2. (mm) Current (A) Voltage (V) Deposition Data Dia. if weaving is required. (mm) Kg weld metal / kg electrodes No. It is also suitable for welding dissimilar steels (e. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.5 7. (mm) Part No. When using AC.0 188124 350 3.4 E312-17 AS / NZS 1553.3 E312-17 AC.g. once the seal is broken.8 Stainless Steel MMA Electrodes Specifications Coating Type Rutile AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.1 36 3.5 0. Storage Smootharc S 312 electrodes are packaged in hermetically sealed containers. AC / DC electrode that deposits a 29 Cr / 9 Ni austenitic / ferritic stainless steel weld metal with a ferrite content of FN 50. Start porosity is generally indicative of damp electrodes and is more common in fillet welds than in butt welds where pores only occur at high moisture contents. this should be limited to 2 times the electrode diameter. excessive noise.5 188122 300 2.1 55 2. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.8 Ni 9.5 225 3. stainless to mild steel). However. Welding performance is excellent. a slightly higher current setting may be required. will absorb moisture. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. tools.2 80–120 26 4.0 100–160 27 2. dies.2 0.boc. OCV 50V or DC+ Approx. Chemical Composition. when left in the opened state for a period of time.boc. The electrode is suitable for welding armour plate. with as short an arc as possible to minimise alloy loss across the arc and to control ferrite level. For critical applications in damp environments.5 40–80 25 3.0 9.co. wt% – All Weld Metal C Typical Ferrite content 0. springs etc that may be of unknown composition. Redrying should be restricted to a maximum of 3 cycles. The electrode is very easy to strike and restrike. Welding Positions WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.

0 2. 308 etc.Stainless Steel Satincrome 308L-17 ■ ■ 8 MMA Electrodes Rutile type.4 P: 0.025 Cr: 20. 304.4: E308L-17 Satincrome 316L-17 ■ ■ Rutile type. 301. 305.5) 15 (6 x 2. excessive noise. improved slag lift All positional (except vertical-down) welding capabilities Applications include the single and multi-pass welding of 19 Cr / 10 Ni type stainless steel grades.boc.0–10. 611602 611603 611604 AWS A5.0–10.boc.5 2.5) 15 (6 x 2.5) 15 (6 x 2.5) Part No. 611661 611662 611663 611664 WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.3: E316L-17 AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.5 2.4: E316L-17 Mn: 0.017 Si: 0.4 S: 0.2% Proof stress Tensile strength Elongation CVN impact values 480 MPa 600 MPa 40% 30J av @ -120°C Typical all weld metal analysis (%) C: 0. (rods / kg) 47 28 18 Current range (A) 40–70 75–110 110–150 Packet (kg) 2. (rods / kg) 87 46 28 18 Current range (A) 35–55 40–70 75–110 110–150 Packet (kg) 2.4: E316L-17 Electrode Size (mm) 2.011 Ferrite number 3.co.5 2.3: E308L-17 AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.com.0 Length (mm) 300 300 350 350 Approx No.5) 15 (6 x 2.017 Ferrite number 3. Refer to www.4: E308L-17 Mn: 0.87 S: 0.au or www. 302.5 3.0 FN (using Severn Gauge) Approvals American Bureau of Shipping Packaging and operating data — AC (minimum 45 OCV) DC+ polarity Electrode Size (mm) 2. 3CR12‑types Typical all weld metal mechanical properties 0. stainless steel electrode Outstanding operator appeal. 202.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 403 .5 2.025 Cr: 19.0 Length (mm) 300 350 350 Approx No.0 FN (using Severn Gauge) Approvals American Bureau of Shipping AWS A5.2% Proof stress Tensile strength Elongation CVN impact values 500 MPa 630 MPa 40% 75J av @ +20°C Typical all weld metal analysis (%) C: 0.5 P: 0.5 2. improved slag lift All positional (except vertical-down) welding capabilities Applications include the single and multipass welding of matching molybdenum bearing stainless steels. stainless steel electrode Outstanding operator appeal. 316 and 316L.2 4. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.5 3.85 Mo: 2. 303 and 304 / 304L.5 Carton (kg) 15 (6 x 2.5) 15 (6 x 2.5 ■ ■ Packaging and operating data — AC (minimum 45 OCV) DC+ polarity Classifications AS / NZS 1553.8 Ni: 11. 304L.5) Part No. including 301. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. 305. 303.8 Si: 0. Typical all weld metal mechanical properties 0.2 4. Also suitable for the general purpose welding of other ‘300 series’ austenitic stainless steels.5 Carton (kg) 15 (6 x 2.010 ■ ■ Classifications AS / NZS 1553.76 Ni: 9. including 201. 302. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.

Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.5) 15 (6 x 2.05 Cr: 23. Ferrite number 5.017 Si: 0.2 300 300 350 46 46 28 ■ Classifications AS/NZS 1553.88 S: 0. 45 OCV) DC+ polarity Electrode Approx No.0 FN (using Severn Gauge) Approvals American Bureau of AWS A5. DC+ polarity.017 Cr 19 P 0.35 Si 0.011 Easy-to-use rutile type. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.020 Mn: 0.90 S 0.5kg 15 (6 x 2.5) Part No.11 Cr: 27. 611702 322101 611703 322102 611704 Classifications AS / NZS 1553. Size (mm) (mm) (rods / kg) 2. excessive noise.0 – 20.75 Ni: 13.5) – 15 (6 x 2.0 WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.0 FN (using Severn Gauge) Packaging and operating data AC (min 45 OCV). stainless steel electrode.4: E309Mo-17 Shipping Mn: 0.2% Proof Stress Tensile Strength Elongation 490 MPa 610 MPa 36% Typical all weld metal analysis (%) C 0.04 Mo 2. AWS/ASME-SFA A5.2% proof stress Tensile strength Elongation CVN impact values 630 MPa 780 MPa 25% 30J av @ +20°C Typical all weld metal analysis (%) C: 0.5 – 2.4: E318-17. Outstanding operator appeal! Now with improved slag lift! All positional (except vertical-down) welding capabilities.0 P: 0. Electrode Approx Length No.2 Rutile type.4: E309Mo-17 Weldall ■ Typical all weld metal mechanical properties 0.2 3.5kg Carton (kg) 15 (6 x 2.0 – 10. 45 OCV) DC+ polarity Electrode Size (mm) 2.4: E312-17 2.5 3.2% Proof stress Tensile strength Elongation CVN impact values 500 MPa 620 MPa 35% 60J av @ +20°C Typical all weld metal analysis (%) C: 0.30 Mn 0.5 3.2 4. Size (mm) Length (mm) (rods / kg) 2.2 4. (rods / kg) 52 30 19 Current range (A) 40–70 75–110 110–150 Packet (kg) 2.5) Satincrome 309Mo-17 ■ ■ Typical all weld metal mechanical properties 0.5 300 300 350 350 350 57 – 30 – 20 Current range (A) 40–80 – 75–110 – 110–150 Packet (kg) 2. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.10 Si: 0.nz 404 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables .02 Ni 12 MMA Electrodes Satincrome 318-17 (Supersedes Satincraft 318-16) ■ ■ ■ ■ Rutile type. improved slag lift All positional (except vertical-down) welding capabilities Applications include the single and multipass welding of matching 309 and 309L stainless steels.5 2.boc. 611692 611693 611694 Classifications AS / NZS 1553.012 Ferrite number 15. Advanced moisture resistant flux coating. Refer to www.5 Carton (kg) 15 (6 x 2. Current Range (A) 40–70 40–70 75–110 Packet 2. 611652 322105 611653 2.9 Mo: 2.co.5) Part No.5 2.5 Easyweld Handipack – 20 rods – 15 rods – ■ Carton (kg) 15 (6 x 2.3: E318-17.com.au or www.8 Nb 0.5) Easyweld Handipaks 20 rod Part No.5) – 15 (6 x 2. stainless steel electrode Outstanding operator appeal.3: E309Mo-17 AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.5 – 2.boc.0 S: 0.0 P: 0. Also suitable for the dissimilar welding of other ‘300 series’ austenitic stainless steels and selected ‘400 series’ ferritic grades to mild or low alloy steels ■ ■ Packaging and operating data — AC (min.5 3. high alloy electrode Outstanding operator appeal Welds all steels Ideal for repair and maintenance jobs Easy arc starting and excellent stability on low OCV welding machines Not recommended for welding cast irons ■ ■ ■ ■ Packaging and operating data — AC (min.5 2.3 312-17 AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.0 Length (mm) 300 350 350 Approx No.5) 15 (6 x 2.8 Stainless Steel Typical all weld metal mechanical properties 0.60 Ni: 9.

Excellent corrosion resistance to intergranular corrosion and in oxidising environments such as nitric acid.7% Mirrorlike bead appearance. Excellent side wall wetting.20 4. all position. Mirror-like bead appearance. No undercut. Molybdenum level min 2. all position stainless steel electrode for 316L or equivalent steels.7 4.0 5. Weldable on AC and DC+ polarity. AC/DC+.boc. Refer to www.8 Part No 557329 557367 557398 Size (mm) 2.00 AWS E316L-16 Carton (kg) 2. AC/DC+ Classification AWS E309Mo-16 Carton (kg) 2. Molybdenum level minimum 2.50 3. Developed for welding stainless steel to mild steel and for clad steel.12mm.7 4.8 5. Nearest classification AWS E308L-16 Nearest classification Size (mm) 2.9 4. all position. Excellent for repair welding.6 4.Stainless Steel Limarosta 304L A rutile-basic.9 5. 556534 557565 557589 AWS E16L-16 Nearest classification AWS E309L-16 8 MMA Electrodes Limarosta 316L A rutile-basic.00 AWS E308L-16 Arosta 309 A high Cr Ni Mo alloyed. Max plate thickness in butt welds . WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. Classification Size (mm) 2. such as: armour plate.00 Carton(kg) 2. all position Cr Ni over alloyed buffer electrode. Suitable for repair welding in dissimilar joints and steels difficult to weld. Arosta electrodes have superior out of position capabilities.00 Carton (kg) 2.00 Carton (kg) 2. On the other hand. all position electrode. Self releasing slag. high C-steel.20 4. Excellent weldability and self releasing slag.50 3.7% High resistance to general and intergranular corrosion. stainless steel electrode for 316L or equivalent steels.6 5. all position. although out of position welds are possible.20 4. all position stainless steel electrode for 304L or equivalent steels. Self releasing slag.8 Part No.6 4. Self releasing slag. Specially developed for welding steels that are difficult to weld. High resistance to porosity. Weldable on AC and DC+ polarity. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. Nearest classification AWS E312-16 Size (mm) 2. 557442 557466 557497 Size (mm) 2. Highly resistant to porosity.20 4. rutile basic electrode. High resistance to porosity. Limarosta 309S A rutile-basic.20 4.50 3.5 Part No. Smooth bead appearance and easy slag release.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 405 . No undercut.00 Arosta 316L Rutile basic.co. High corrosion resistant deposit. 527537 527834 527940 Size (mm) 2.20 4. AC/DC+ Classification Size (mm) 2.boc. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. Excellent side wall wetting.50 3.60 3. 557640 557664 557671 Arosta 304L Rutile basic.8 4.8 4.9 Part No.8 Part No 528633 528824 528930 Carton (kg) 2.7 4. 529180 529487 529593 Limarosta electrodes are predominantly used for welding downhand fillets.au or www.0 Part No. No undercut.7 4. stainless steel electrode for 304L or equivalent steels. excessive noise. Specially developed for welding stainless steel to mild steel and root runs in cladding. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.com. high Cr Ni alloyed. Limarosta 312 A rutile-basic.00 Carton (kg) 2. Smooth weld appearance and easy slag release.7 5.9 Part No. Good side wall fusion. Mirror like bead appearance.50 3.20 4. austenitic Mn-steel.50 3.

Typical as welded Max.boc. Welding current Welding data Dia.co.50 Ni 10.e.00 S 0. A5-9. excessive noise. and flatten weld bead profile Low carbon increases resistance to corrosion and maintains mechanical properties ■ Applications ■ Welding of 18 Cr 8 Ni type stainless steels (i. 409 and 444‑type alloys) Welding of 304 and 304L in cryogenic applications ■ Welding positions Packing data Dia. Refer to www. 0. 302.85 1.3.060 Mo Co Cu N 0.8 Stainless Steel GMAW Wire Classifications BOC Stainless Steel MIG Wire 308LSi Welding characteristics ■ AS / NZS 2717.020 P Cr 19.nz 406 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables .02 Mn 1.9 1. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. 321.015 0.com. (mm) Part No.4 10. 301. Spool Weight (kg) Chemical Composition. wt% – all weld metal C Min. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.75 0. (mm) Wire Feed Current (A) Voltage (V) Shielding Gas Dip Transfer 0.00 Si 0.boc. ER308LSi Approvals: TÜV X2 CrNi 19 9 DIN 8556 DB (Ü-Sign) SG-X2 CrNi 19 9 Mechanical properties – all weld metal Typical as welded Yield strength ( MPa) Tensile strength ( MPa) Elongation (%) Reduction of area Impact Levels J @ 20°C J @ -110°C J @ -196°C Ferrite No. AWS /  ASME-SFA.65 0. ES308LSi.30 0.67 20.au or www.20 0.00 10.78 2.001 0.014 0.20 0.005 0.015 0.9 1.5 19.2 7–14 5–9 130–220 180–260 22–25 24–29 Stainshield® Heavy Stainshield® 66 415 570 35 40 140 84 52 FN 14 DC+ High silicon levels improve arc characteristics and weld pool fluidity. 347.9 109308 15 1.50 1. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.2 4–8 3–7 50–130 90–160 15–19 17–21 Stainshield® Spray Transfer 0.2 112308 15 WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.

9 1.2 7–14 5–9 130–220 180–260 22–25 24–29 Stainshield® Heavy Stainshield® 66 0. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. (mm) Part No.65 0. Welding current Packaging Dia.boc. Refer to www. wt% – all weld metal C Min.2 4–8 3–7 50–130 90–160 15–19 17–21 Stainshield® Spray Transfer 0.30 0.060 Mo Co Cu N WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.0 Ni 13.015 0.012 0. Typical as welded Max.005 0.Stainless Steel 8 GMAW Wire Classifications BOC Stainless Steel MIG Wire 309LSi Welding characteristics ■ AS / NZS 2717.02 Mn 1. 0.4 24.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 407 .00 13.2 112309 15 440 600 40 160 FN 15 DC+ High silicon levels improve arc characteristics and weld pool fluidity. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.015 0.com.014 0.50 1.boc.3 ES309LSi AWS /  ASME – SFA A5 – 9 ER309LSi Mechanical properties – all weld metal Typical as welded Yield strength ( MPa) Tensile strength ( MPa) Elongation (%) Impact levels J @ 20°C Ferrite No. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. Spool Weight (kg) Welding data Dia. (mm) Wire Feed Current (A) Voltage (V) Shielding Gas Dip Transfer 0.79 2.63 14.00 S 0.80 1. and flatten weld bead profile  ow carbon increases resistance to corrosion and maintains L mechanical properties ■ Applications ■ ■ Welding of 23 Cr / 12 Ni type stainless steels For welding mild or low alloy steels to 300 and selected 400 series stainless steels Ideal for buttering layer on carbon for hardfacing consumables A stainless overlay on mild steels ■ ■ Welding positions Chemical composition.0 23.9 1.au or www.20 0.020 P Cr 23.co.9 109309 15 1.00 Si 0.20 0.00 0. excessive noise.

(mm) Wire Feed Current (A) Voltage (V) Shielding Gas Dip Transfer 0.2 4–8 3–7 50–130 90–160 15–19 17–21 Stainshield® Spray Transfer 0.63 3.2 112316 15 490 630 32 46 152 110 53 FN 13 DC+ High silicon levels improve arc characteristics and weld pool fluidity.8 Stainless Steel GMAW Wire Classification BOC Stainless Steel MIG Wire 316LSi Welding characteristics ■ AS / NZS 2717.00 Mo 2.20 0.2 13.50 2. 321. Spool Weight (kg) Welding data Dia.008 0.30 0. 0.016 0.012 0.00 Si 0. (mm) Part No.060 Co Cu N WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. Refer to www. 302. wt% – all weld metal C Min.65 0.00 18.50 1.nz 408 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables .020 P Cr 18.00 12.au or www. 318 and 316L alloys Suitable for 301. 410 and 430 alloys Welding positions Chemical composition.300 0.3. ES316LSi.co.9 109316 15 1.9 1. and flatten weld bead profile Low carbon increases resistance to corrosion and maintains mechanical properties ■ Applications ■ ■ ■ Welding of 18 Cr / 8 Ni and 18 Cr / 8 Ni / 3 Mo type stainless steels Most suitable for the welding of 316.70 2.02 Mn 1. AWS /  ASME – SFA.boc. Typical as welded Max. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. 304. excessive noise.005 0. ER316LSi Approvals: TÜV X 2 CrNiMo 1912 DIN 8556 DB SG – X2 CrNiMo 19 12 Mechanical properties – all weld metal Typical as welded Yield strength ( MPa) Tensile strength ( MPa) Elongation (%) Reduction of area Impact levelsJ @ 20°C J @ – 110°C J @ – 196°C Ferrite content Welding current Packaging Dia. 347.2 7–14 5–9 130–220 180–260 22–25 24–29 Stainshield® Heavy Stainshield® 66 0.9 1.com.93 1. A5 – 9.00 Ni 12.boc. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.00 S 0.58 19.015 0.

0 3.5 Fe Balance Recommended shielding gas Stainshield® Stainshield® Heavy Comparable Cigweld Products: Coabalarc Austex AS/NZS 2576 1315-A4 ■ ■ Ferrite Number 10–15 FN Packaging and operating data ■ Classifications AS 2717. excessive noise. 409 and 444 type stainless steels ■ Classifications AS / NZS 2717. shielding gas and operator technique etc.3: ES307Si.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 409 .80 P: 0.2 Voltage (V) 16–24 20–28 Pack type* Spool Spool Pack weight (kg) 15 15 Part No. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. Actual voltage and welding current used will depend on machine characteristics.005 Ferrite number 5–10 FN Packaging and operating data Wire feed speed m / min 4.boc.020 Recommended shielding gas Stainshield® Stainshield® Heavy A steel wire for the GMA welding of 304 and 304L type stainless steels Recommended for the general welding of 201. 721300 721301 * Spool (ø300mm).8 S 0.3: ES308LSi AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.9: ES307Si.25 Fe: Balance Si: 0. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.2% Proof stress Tensile strength Elongation CVN impact values 450 MPa 620 MP 36% 90J av @ -60°C Dia.au or www.9 1.Stainless Steel Autocraft 307Si ■ 8 GMAW Wire For the GMAW Welding of hardenable steels. 13 Mn steels and difficult to weld steels Extra low carbon (<0.2 Voltage Range (V) 16–24 20–28 Wire Feed Speed (m/min) 4. Refer to www.015 Cr 18.5–15. Wire Dia. run size.9 1.03 Si 0.2% Proof Stress Tensile Strength Elongation CVN Impact Values 450 MPa 640 MPa 40% 150 J av @ 20°C These machine settings are a guide only. AWS/ASME-SFA A5. (mm) 0.9: ER308LSi Typical all weld metal mechanical properties Argon 1–3% CO2 0.05 Ni: 10.5–15.0 Current range (A) 70–200 150–280 Mn: 2.02 Cr: 19.07 Ni 8.co.0–10. 302.0 Current Range (A) 70–200 150–280 Pack Type* Spool Spool Weight (kg) 15kg 15kg Part No.com.boc.0–10.07%) Weld deposits for resistance to intergranular corrosion High silicon level for improved arc stability and increased weld pool fluidity and edge wetting New ultrafeed matt finish Typical Wire Analysis C 0. (mm) 0.9 P 0. 347. 321.5 Mn 8. Typical All Weld Metal Mechanical Properties Stainshield 0.0 3. plate thickness. 721271 721272 WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. Autocraft 308LSi ■ Typical wire analysis (%) C: 0.95 S: 0. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.

75 Fe: Balance Si: 0. 721276 721277 Autocraft 316LSi ■ Typical wire analysis (%) C: 0.9 1. Refer to www.9 0.3: ES309LSi AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.co.95 S: 0.05 Ni: 10.9 Voltage (V) 16–20 16–24 20–28 16–24 Pack type* Mini spool – Pack of 4 Handi spool Spool Spool Drum Pack weight (kg) 4x1 5 15 15 150 Part No. 302.0 4.boc. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.020 Recommended shielding gas Stainshield® Stainshield® 66 Stainshield® Heavy A stainless steel wire for the GMA welding of 316 and 316L type stainless steels Also suitable for the general welding of other 300 and 400 series stainless steels including 301.005 Ferrite Number 10–15 FN Packaging and operating data Wire feed speed m / min 4.75 P: 0.boc.75 S: 0. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.0 4.020 Recommended shielding gas Stainshield® Stainshield® 66 Stainshield® Heavy GMAW Wire Autocraft 309LSi A stainless steel wire for the GMA welding of 309 and 309L type stainless steels Also suitable for a wide range of other welding applications.0 Current range (A) 60–150 70–200 150–280 70–200 Mn: 2.80 P: 0.8 0.2% Proof stress Tensile strength Elongation CVN impact values 450 MPa 610 MPa 36% 90J av @ -110°C Dia. excessive noise.2 0. (mm) Typical all weld metal mechanical properties Argon 1–3% CO2 0. including: the dissimilar joining of ‘300 series’ and stainless steel grades to mild or low alloy steels. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.2% Proof stress Tensile strength Elongation CVN impact values 450 MPa 620 MPa 36% 90J av @ -60°C 1.10 Ni: 13.0–15.5–15. (mm) 0.9: ER309LSi Typical all weld metal mechanical properties Argon 1–3% CO2 0.8 ■ Stainless Steel Typical wire analysis (%) C: 0. an intermediate or buttering layer in the butt welding of clad steel ■ Classifications AS / NZS 2717. 410 and 430 ■ Classifications AS / NZS 2717.0–10.0–10. 304 / 304L.5–15. 321.02 Cr: 19.com.2 Voltage (V) 16–24 20–28 Pack type* Spool Spool Part No.9: ER316LSi Dia.0 3.au or www.02 Cr: 23.5–15. 347.0 3.005 Ferrite number 5–10 FN Packaging and operating data Wire feed speed m / min 5. 721285 720283 721286 721287 722286 WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.25 Fe: Balance Si: 0.3: ES316LSi AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.nz 410 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables .0 Current range (A) 70–200 150–280 Pack weight (kg) 15 15 Mn: 2.

06 Ni 8.012 N 0.4462 Typical All Weld Metal Mechanical Properties Welding grade Argon 0. Actual voltage and welding current used will depend on machine characteristics.44 S 0.0 Current Range (A) 65–165 180–280 Pack Type* Weight (kg) Part No.2% Proof Stress Tensile Strength Elongation CVN Impact Value 600 MPa 765 MPa 28% 60J av @ -40°C 80J av @ -20°C 100J av @ +20°C 0.9: ER 2209 ■ ■ ■ Packaging and operating data These machine settings are a guide only. (mm) Voltage Range (V) Wire Feed Speed (m/min) 4.8 Cu 0.au or www.0–10. Werkstoffe No: 1.6 P 0. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. Refer to www. excessive noise.3: ES2209 AWS/ASME-SFA A5. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. plate thickness.14 Mn 1. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.007 Cr 22.2 16–24 20–26 Some nitrogen bearing shielding gases assist in maintaining an optimum Austenite/Ferrite ratio.0 3. Comparable Cigweld Products: Mo 3.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 411 .50 FN (Procedure dependent) Classifications AS 2717.018 Si 0.co. Wire Dia.5–15.9 1.boc.com. run size.03%) corrosion resistant weld deposits Precision layer wound for improved feedability and performance New Ultrafeed matt finish Typical Wire Analysis C 0.63 Fe bal Recommended Shielding Gas Stainshield® Ferrite Number 30.boc.1 Comweld 2209 TIG rod AWS A5.Stainless Steel Autocraft 2209 ■ 8 GMAW Wire For the GMAW welding of 22 Cr / 5 Ni / 3 Mo duplex type stainless steels Extra low carbon (<0. shielding gas and operator technique etc.9: ER2209. Spool Spool 15kg 15kg 721261 721262 WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. Consult your gas supplier for specific details.

as this environment will attack the ferrite.20 1.nz 412 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables .60 AWS ER309LSi Classifications Carton (kg) 15. Should not be used on 316L joints or overlay for service in urea manufacture. excessive noise. 331088 331089 331082 331086 Lincoln 316 LSi The undiluted weld metal is designed to contain considerable ferrite for high crack resistance in 316L joining and cladding.co.0 15.0 15.0 15.0 Part No. Can also be used on ‘18-8’ steels since it over matches the corrosion resistance. Can also be used on ‘18-8’ steels.boc. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.80 0.0 Part No.0 15.60 Carton (kg) 15. WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.20 1.0 15. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.80 0.60 AWS ER308LSi Carton (kg) 15. if the weldment will not be exposed to temperatures of 535–927°C. Refer to www. Classifications Size (mm) 0.20 1. 331098 331099 331092 331096 Size (mm) 0.0 15. 331068 331069 331062 331066 AWS ER 316LSi GMAW Wire Lincoln 308 LSi For joining common austenitic stainless steel grades referred to as ‘18-8’ steels. Classifications Size (mm) 0.90 1.0 15.au or www.90 1.80 0.0 15.0 15.boc.8 Stainless Steel Lincoln 309 LSi For joining higher alloyed austenitic stainless steels.com. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.90 1.0 Part No.

(mm) 1.2 Pack type Spool Pack Part No.020 Dia.boc.30 Ni: 9.2 1. Dia.au or www. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.boc.12 Ni: 13.5 12.5 Part No.03 Cr: 19. Gas shielded stainless steel flux cored wires 309LT – all positional capabilities 309LTD – fast downhand capabilities Vacuum sealed in aluminised plastic packs Formulated for CO2 or argon +20–25% CO2 shielding gases High deposition rate welding of stainless steels For a wide range of positional and downhand welding applications on matching 309 and 309L stainless steels 410 MPa 430 MPa 550 MPa 580 MPa 40 % 38 % ■ ■ ■ Typical all weld metal analysis (%) Using welding grade CO2 C: 0.2 / 309LT 1.2 / 309LT 1.60 P: 0.6 / 309LTD 720881 720882 ■ ■ ■ Classifications Shieldcrome 309LT AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.9 ■ ■ ■ ■ All welding conditions recommended below are for use with semi-automatic operation and DC electrode positive and welding grade CO2 shielding gas with a flow rate of 15–20 L / min. 302.6 / 309LTD 1.Stainless Steel Gas Assisted 8 FCAW Wire Typical all weld metal mechanical properties Elongation 43% 40% Recommended shielding gases Argoshield® 52 Welding Grade CO2 Packaging data Si: 0.023 1.003 Operating data Mn: 1.2 / 309LT 1.03 Cr: 23. 304 and 304L etc ■ Typical all weld metal analysis (%) Using welding grade CO2 C: 0. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. Refer to www. excessive noise.22: E308LT1-1(CO2) E308LT1-4 (Ar + 20– 25%CO2) Typical all weld metal mechanical properties Using CO2 0. (mm) Pack type Spool Spool Pack weight (kg) 12.70 P: 0.22: E309LT0-1 (CO2) / E309LT0-4 (Ar + 20– 25%CO2) All welding conditions recommended below are for use with semi-automatic operation and DC electrode positive and welding grade CO2 shielding gas with a flow rate of 15–20 L / min. (mm) Current range (A) Voltage (V) 150–250 150–200 120–180 140–180 23–28 23–28 22–27 22–27 Electrode stickout ESO (mm) 15–20 15–20 15–20 15–20 Welding positions Flat HV Fillet Vertical-up Overhead Classifications Shieldcrome 308LT AWS /  ASME-SFA A5. Dia. weight (kg) 12.003 Operating data Mn: 1.6 / 309LTD 1.co. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.2 / 309LT Current range (A) Voltage (V) 150–250 300–400 150–200 250–350 120–180 140–180 23–28 28–35 23–28 28–35 22–27 22–27 Electrode stickout ESO (mm) 15–20 25–30 15–20 25–30 15–20 15–20 Vertical-up Overhead HV Fillet Welding positions Flat WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.2 1.2% Proof stress Tensile strength 390 MPa 550 MPa Using Argon +20–25% CO2 400 MPa 580 MPa 1.com.22: E309LT1-1 (CO2) / E309LT1-4 (Ar + 20– 25%CO2) Shieldcrome 309LTD AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.2 / 309LT 1.2% Proof stress Tensile strength Elongation Using Argon +20–25% CO2 Recommended shielding gases Argoshield® 52 Welding Grade CO2 Packaging data Dia.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 413 .5 720889 Shieldcrome 308LT ■ Gas shielded stainless steel flux cored wire Formulated for CO2 or Argon+20–25% CO2 shielding gases Vacuum sealed in aluminised plastic packs All positional capabilities High deposition rate welding of stainless steels For a wide range of positional and downhand welding applications on 19Cr / 9Ni stainless steel grades including AISI types 301.0 Si: 0.2 1.5 S: 0. (mm) 1.6 S: 0.2 Shieldcrome 309LT / 309LTD ■ Typical all weld metal mechanical properties Using CO2 0.

nz 414 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables .024 Operating data All welding conditions recommended below are for use with semi-automatic operation and DC electrode positive and welding grade CO2 shielding gas with a flow rate of 15–20 L / min. Actual Voltage (V).2 Current range (A) 150–200 120–180 140–180 Voltage (V) 23–28 22–27 22–27 Electrode stick-out ESO (mm) 15–20 15–20 15–20 Welding positions HV Fillet Vertical-up Overhead Mn: 1. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.22: E316LT1-1 (CO2) / E316LT1-4 (Ar + 20– 25%CO2) These machine settings are a guide only.com.5 Classifications Shieldcrome 316LT AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.10 Ni: 12.002 Si: 0.2 1.5 720885 FCAW Wire Shieldcrome 316LT Gas shielded stainless steel flux cored wires. run size. (mm) 1. all positional capabilities Vacuum sealed in aluminised plastic packs Formulated for CO2 or argon +20–25% CO2 shielding gases High deposition rate welding of stainless steels For a wide range of positional and downhand welding applications on matching molybdenum bearing 316 and 316L stainless steels ■ ■ ■ ■ Typical all weld metal analysis (%) Using welding grade CO2 C: 0. excessive noise.8 ■ Stainless Steel Gas Assisted Typical all weld metal mechanical properties Using CO2 0. Refer to www.boc.2 Spool 12.co.boc.2 1.60 Mo: 2.0 S: 0. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. shielding gas and operator technique etc.au or www.8 P: 0. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.2% Proof stress Tensile strength Elongation 400 MPa 555 MPa 42% Using Argon +20–25% CO2 410 MPa 580 MPa 39% Recommended shielding gases Argoshield® 52 Welding Grade CO2 Packaging data Dia. (mm) Pack type Pack weight Part No. plate thickness. welding current and ESO used will depend on machine characteristics.03 Cr: 18. mm (kg) 1. WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. Dia.

■ ■ Procedure for Gas Tungsten Arc (TIG) Welding ■ ■ Thoroughly clean all areas to be joined For the butt welding of thick plates.4 mm 3. ground to a sharp needle point. ■ ■ Procedure for Gas Tungsten Arc (TIG) Welding ■ ■ Thoroughly clean all areas to be joined.2:309LSi ASME-SFA A5.0 mm 2.6 mm 2. melting point Weld metal density All weld metal microstructure 440 MPa 590 MPa 1400°C 7. It is recommended for the critical welding of 304 and 304L stainless steels in corrosion resistant and cryogenic applications.boc. excessive noise. The length of the needle point should be approximately 2 to 3 times the diameter of the tungsten electrode Use direct current electrode negative (DC-) and welding grade argon Preheat surfaces to be welded. ProFill 309L is also suitable for the dissimilar joining of other 300 series austenitic stainless steels ferritic steels. making sure the grinding lines run with the length (longitudinally) of the electrode’s axis.9:ER308LSi ■ Dia.Stainless Steel 8 TIG Weld Deposit Properties ProFill 308L Typical weld metal 0. The length of the needle point should be approximately 2–3 times the diameter of the tungsten electrode Use direct current electrode negative (DC-) and welding grade argon Preheat surfaces to be welded.2 mm Weight (kg) 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg Part No.2:308LSi AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.au or www. use BOC Weld‑Guard™ Pickling Paste Resealable 5 kg tube Suitable for gas and GTA (TIG) welding ■ Classification AS1167.y low carbon rod for the gas or gas tungsten arc (TIG) welding of a wide range of low carbon and stabilised 300 series stainless steels.co. bevel edges to 60–70° included angle Use a thoriated or ceriated tungsten electrode. Heat a spot on the base metal until it shows signs of melting and progressively add the filler rod to the weld-pool For the best cleaning and finishing results. Refer to www. bevel edges to 60–70° included angle Use a thoriated or ceriated tungsten electrode.95 g / cm3 Austenite with 15–20% ferrite ProFill 309L stainless steel is a high quality low carbon rod for the gas or gas tungsten arc (TIG) welding of highly alloyed 309 or 309L type stainless steels. (mm) 1.95 g / cm3 Austenite with 5–8% ferrite ProFill 308L stainless steel is a high qualit. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.2 mm Weight (kg) 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg Part No.400°C 7. melting point Weld metal density All weld metal microstructure 450 MPa 600 MPa 1. (mm) 1.4 mm 3. ground to a sharp needle point. BTGS309L16 BTGS309L20 BTGS309L24 BTGS309L32 ■ ■ WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.2% proof stress Typical weld metal tensile strength Approx.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 415 . Heat a spot on the base metal until it shows signs of melting and progressively add the filler rod to the weld‑pool For the best cleaning and finishing results.boc.9: ER309LSi ■ Dia. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays.2% proof stress Typical weld metal tensile strength Approx. use BOC Weld‑Guard™ Pickling Paste Resealable 5 kg tube Suitable for gas and GTA (TIG) welding ■ Classification AS1167. BTGS308L12 BTGS308L16 BTGS308L20 BTGS308L24 BTGS308L32 ■ ■ Weld deposit properties ProFill 309L Typical weld metal 0.6 mm 2. making sure the grinding lines run with the length (longitudinally) of the electrode’s axis. For the butt welding of thick plates.0 mm 2.com.2 mm 1.

Refer to www.9:ER347 ■ Dia.6 mm 2. including 301. bevel edges to 60–70° included angle Use a thoriated or ceriated tungsten electrode.2:347 AWS /  ASME-SFA A5. ■ ■ Typical weld metal 0.0 mm 3. including 409.2% proof stress Typical weld metal tensile strength Approx.2:316LSi AWS /  ASME-SFA A5. 304 and 304L etc.0 mm 2.95 g / cm3 Austenite with 7–10% ferrite Procedure for Gas Tungsten Arc (TIG) Welding ■ ■ Thoroughly clean all areas to be joined For the butt welding of thick plates. ground to a sharp needle point making sure the grinding lines run with the length (longitudinally) of the electrode’s axis.co. (mm) 1. Niobium stabilised for improved resistance to intergranular corrosion. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. 444 and 3Cr12. excessive noise.4 mm 3. bevel edges to 60–70° included angle Use a thoriated or ceriated tungsten electrode.nz 416 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables . ProFill 347 is also suitable for the general purpose welding of other 300 series stainless steels. in particular matching 316 and 316L alloys. For the butt welding of thick plates.6 mm 2. 348 and 321 type stainless steels stabilised with either niobium or titanium.2 mm Weight (kg) 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg Part No. ■ ■ Typical weld metal 0. BTGS316L09 BTGS316L12 BTGS316L16 BTGS316L20 BTGS316L24 BTGS316L32 ■ ■ Weld deposit properties ProFill 347 ProFill 347 stainless steel is a high quality gas or gas tungsten arc (TIG) welding rod.boc. melting point Weld metal density All weld metal microstructure 470 MPa 640 MPa 1400°C 7. 302.2 mm 2.2% proof stress Typical weld metal tensile strength Approx.9:ER316LSi ■ Dia.9 mm 1. (mm) 0.au or www. Heat a spot on the base metal until it shows signs of melting and progressively add the filler rod to the weld‑pool For the best cleaning and finishing results use BOC Weld-Guard™ Pickling Paste Resealable 5 kg tube Suitable for gas and GTA (TIG) welding ■ Classification AS1167. ground to a sharp needle point making sure the grinding lines run with the length (longitudinally) of the electrode’s axis. The length of the needle point should be approximately 2–3 times the diameter of the tungsten electrode Use direct current electrode negative (DC-) and welding grade argon Preheat surfaces to be welded. ProFill 347 is recommended for the TIG welding of 347.2 mm 1. BTGS34716 BTGS34720 BTGS34732 BTGS34724 ■ ■ WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.com. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.boc. Heat a spot on the base metal until it shows signs of melting and progressively add the filler rod to the weld‑pool For the best cleaning and finishing results. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases. use BOC Weld‑Guard™ Pickling Paste Resealable 5 kg tube Suitable for gas and GTA (TIG) welding ■ Classification AS1167. ProFill 316L is also suitable for the general welding of 304 and 304 stainless steels and ferritic stainless steels. The length of the needle point should be approximately 2–3 times the diameter of the tungsten electrode Use Direct current electrode negative (DC-) and welding grade argon Preheat surfaces to be welded.95 g / cm3 Austenite with 8–11% ferrite Procedure for Gas Tungsten Arc (TIG) Welding ■ ■ Thoroughly clean all areas to be joined.8 TIG Stainless Steel Weld deposit properties ProFill 316L ProFill 316L stainless steel is a high quality low carbon rod for the gas or gas tungsten arc (TIG) welding of molybdenum bearing stainless steels. melting point Weld metal density All weld metal microstructure 540 MPa 640 MPa 1440°C 7.4 mm Weight (kg) 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg 5 kg Part No.

5 Fe: Balance ■ ■ Weight (kg). 321406 321407 Comweld 309L ■ ■ Resealable 5 kg plastic tube Suitable for gas and GTA (TIG) welding of highly alloyed 309 or 309L type stainless steel End stamped with AS /  AWS class ‘309L’ Red colour coded pack label for instant identification Also suitable for the dissimilar joining of other 300 series austenitic stainless steels to ferritic steels Typical rod analysis (%) C: 0.015 Cr: 23.9: ER308L Rod Size (mm) 1.6 x 914 2.5 S: 0.005 Packaging data Rod Size (mm) 1.9: ER309L WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock.75 Fe: Balance Si: 0.2: R308L AWS /  ASME-SFA A5. Pack type 5 plastic tube* 5 plastic tube* Approx.co. Refer to www.015 Cr: 19.6 x 914 2. 321403 321404 ■ Classifications AS / NZS 1167. (rods / kg) 69 30 Part No.020 Recommended shielding gas Argon Welding Grade Classifications AS / NZS 1167.90 Ni: 13.005 Packaging data Mn: 1. Pack type 5 plastic tube* 5 plastic tube* Approx. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. (rods / kg) 69 30 Part No.90 Ni: 9.2: R309L AWS /  ASME-SFA A5.45 P: 0.90 S: 0.4 x 914 *Resealable Recommended shielding gas Si: 0. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 417 .boc.boc. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.com.4 x 914 *Resealable Weight (kg).Stainless Steel Comweld 308L ■ ■ ■ ■ 8 TIG Resealable 5 kg plastic tube Suitable for gas and GTA (TIG) welding End stamped with AS /  AWS Class ‘308L’ Dark blue colour coded label for instant identification Typical rod analysis (%) C: 0. excessive noise.020 Argon Welding Grade Mn: 1.50 P: 0.au or www.

765 MPa. (rods / kg) 69 – 30 Part No.06 Ni 8.6 x 1.6 S: 0.000 2.015 Packaging data Rod Size (mm) 1.9: ER316L Comweld 2209 ■ For the GTA (TIG) welding of 22 Cr / 5 Ni / 3 Mo duplex type stainless steels Resealable 5 kg cardboard tube Suitable for GTA (TIG) welding End stamped with AWS Class ‘ER2209’ for easy identification Ferrite number 30-50 FN (Procedure dependent) Typical rod analysis (%) C 0.50 Mo: 2.018 Si 0.4462 Joining process Gas Tungsten Arc (TIG) welding Typical all weld deposit mechanical properties 0. Werkstoffe No: 1. 7.50 Fe: Balance Argon Welding Grade Mn: 1. Mo 3.44 S 0.8 TIG ■ ■ Stainless Steel Typical rod analysis (%) C: 0. 321400 322054 321401 ■ 5 kg plastic tube* Classifications AS / NZS 1167. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. excessive noise. 444 and 3Cr12 Recommended shielding gas Si: 0.00 P: 0.1 Comparable Cigweld products: Autocraft 2209 GMAW wire AWS A5.nz 418 AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables . 321393 321394 WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.4 x 914 *Resealable Comweld 316L Resealable 5 kg plastic tube Suitable for gas and GTA (TIG) welding of‑molybdenum bearing stainless steels.06 P 0.000 * Resealable Weight (kg).com.2% Proof Stress Tensile Strength Metal Density Microstructure 600 MPa.9: ER2209.14 Mn 1.4 x 1.012 Cr: 19.8 Cu 0.boc.007 Cr 22.au or www.boc.2: R316L AWS /  ASME-SFA A5. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. Refer to www. in particular matching 316 and 316L alloys End stamped with AS /  AWS class ‘316L’ Gold colour coded pack label for instant identification Also suitable for the general welding of other 300 series stainless steels.57 Ni: 12.001 ■ ■ Approx No.co. (rods / kg) 69 30 Part No.6 x 914 Weight.9: E2209 Recommended shielding gas Argon Welding Grade ■ ■ ■ Classifications AWS/ASME-SFA A5. including 302 and 304 as well as ferritic stainless steels grades such as 409.012 N 0.95 gms / cm3 Austenite and ferrite (≈ 50:50) Packaging data Rod Size (mm) 1.63 Fe Bal. Pack type 5 kg plastic tube* 25 rod Handipack 2. Pack Type 5 kg cardboard tube* 5 kg cardboard tube* Approx No.

330092 330093 Lincoln 316L Undiluted weld metal is designed to contain considerable ferrite for maximum crack resistance.au or www.nz AU : IPRM 2007 : Section 8 : consumables 419 .0 Part No.20 AWS ER308L Carton (kg) 25.40 3.boc. Refer to www. Classification Size (mm) 2. High resistance to general corrosion.40 AWS ER316L Carton (kg) 25. pitting and stress corrosion conditions.0 25.0 Part No. excessive noise.0 25.com.0 Part No.20 AWS ER309L Carton (kg) 25.0 25. 330082 330083 8 Lincoln 309L For joining more high alloyed austenitic stainless steels.co. Should not be used on 316L joints in service for urea manufacture. since it over matches the corrosion resistance if the weldment will not be exposed to temperatures of 540–925°C. eye and skin burns due to the arc rays. Read all the manufacturer’s instructions to achieve the correct welding conditions and ask your employer for the Materials Safety Data Sheets. Can also be used on ‘18-8’ steels. 330222 Submerged Arc Flux Refer to page 491–492 for a listing of Submerged Arc Flux WARNING W   elding can give rise to electric shock. as this environment will attack the ferrite.40 3. Classification Size (mm) 2.40 2.40 AWS ER2209 Carton (kg) 25.0 Part No. Classification Size (mm) 2. and a potential health hazard if you breathe in the emitted fumes and gases.boc. Classification Size (mm) 2.Stainless Steel Lincoln 308L For joining the more common austenitic stainless steel grades referred to as ‘18-8’ steels. 330062 330063 Lincoln 2209 Solid wire for welding duplex stainless steels.

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