A
H

 

IN

ARS201

  DIVINE SPEECH

B

A

YY

  LITERARY CHARACTERSTICS OF THE QUR’AN
 
 
 
 
 
  PRESENTED BY
N  O  U  M  A  N     A  L  I     K  H  A  N 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

CRITICAL DISCLAIMER 
1.

 
This document has been prepared specifically for use during the single weekend seminar entitled ‘Divine Speech’ being offered 
by Bayyinah institute.   
 

This document has little to no value as a self study resource. It serves merely as an outline for discussions that will take place 
during the course of the seminar.   
 

3.

This document comprises sections 2 through 18.  Section 1 will be distributed in class. 
 

4.

Where deemed helpful, two kinds of English commentary have been offered: 
 

IN

a.  Brief comments that will be elaborated in class 
Translations cited from the work of Yusuf Ali.   
 

5.

We at Bayyinah do not endorse any particular translation of the Qur’an.  The very point of this seminar is to illustrate what is 
lost in translation.  The above translation has only been cited for convenient reference and comparison. 

YY

 

6.

Attendees should print this document and bring it with them no later than the 2nd day of the seminar (Saturday) in order to 
maximize their benefit from the seminar.   
 

 

8.

Please do not be intimidated by the colossal citations of Arabic in this document. They are simply there to assist the instructor 
in the discussion process. You should be able to benefit from this program even if you don’t read or understand Arabic. 
 

9.

A

We advise attendees to bring along a notebook just in case they are interested in taking in‐depth notes.  Please be advised that 
the content of this seminar is geared more towards enrichment and general awareness than it is towards academic discourse, 
yet a wealth of information will be presented. 

B

7.

A
H

2.

This document outlines the full extent of the discussions planned for the Divine Speech seminar.  It will be the instructor’s 
sincere best effort to cover all of the material without rushing through it.  The instructor therefore may skip portions of the 
material due to shortage of time. 
 

10. If you are planning on attending this seminar but haven’t yet signed up, please do so at www.bayyinah.com/student_center 

by choosing a location near you. 
 

 

Verbal Idioms 

2.01

Coolness of the eyes

Also see 28:9, 32:17 
 

ْ

ْ

ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
َّ ‫و‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻳﻘﻮﻟ‬
ِ ‫ﻮن َر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ َﻫﺐ ﻟَﻨَﺎ ِﻣﻦ أَز َو‬
ٍ ُ ‫اﺟﻨَﺎ َوذ ُ ِّر ّ َﻳﺎ ِﺗﻨَﺎ ﻗ ُ ّ َﺮ َة أَﻋ‬
َ ُ ُ َ َ ِ َ
ْ ْ ْ
(٧٤) ‫واﺟﻌﻠﻨَﺎ ﻟِﻠ ُﻤ ّ َﺘ ِﻘﲔَ ِإﻣﺎ ًﻣﺎ‬
َ َ
َ

25:74

Tears of joy vs. Tears of sadness.  ‫أَﺳﺨﻦ اﷲ ﻋﻴﻨﻪ‬ .  The desert experience.   

َ َ

ُ َ َُ
ْ
ْ
ً
‫ﻛﻠﺒﺎ ﻓَ َﻘﺮت ﻋ ْﻴﻨ ُ ُﻪ‬
‫أن ْاﺑﻦ ﺑﺤﺪل ُ ْﻴﺪا ً ﺷﻔﺎ‬
‫أﻻ ﻫﻞ أ اﻷﻧﺼﺎر‬  (poet from Banu Juhaiynah) 
َ
َ
َّ
َ ّ
َ

Has the news reached the helpers that Humad ibn Bahdal has put the minds of the Kalb at rest. 

‫ﺬﻟذ ٍة ﺗﻘﺮ ﺎ ﻋﻴﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﻓﺎﻧﻘﻄﻌﺎ ﻣﻌﺎ‬
ّ ‫ َﻣﻀﻰ ﻓﻤﻀﺖ ﻋﻴﻨﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻛُ ّ ُﻞ‬ 
ُّ

He departed (died) and with him departed from me every pleasure that cooled my eyes; so the two departed together 

2.02

Lowering the wings of mercy

 

ْ
‫ﺾ اﻟﺠﻨﺎح‬
‫ﺧﻔ‬
 is said of a flying bird lower its wings to descend. 
َ
ْ

The poet says:  ‫ﺗﻚ ﰲ رﻓ ِﻌ ِﻪ أﺟﺪﻻ‬
ُ ‫ﻻ‬

raising them 
 
 
 
 

2.03

َ

To bite one’s fingers

ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ﺾ‬
‫واﺧ ِﻔ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺎح‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫اﻟﺮ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ار‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻬﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ ر ّ َﺑﻴ ِﺎ‬
‫ب‬
‫ر‬
َ
ِ
ِ
ُ
ِّ َ ُ َ َ َ ّ َ ّ ِ ّ َ َ َ َ ُ
َ
َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ
(٢٤) ‫ﺻ ِﻐﲑًا‬
َ

17:24

ْ
‫وأَﻧﺖ اﻟﺸﻬﲑ ُﺑﺨﻔﺾ اﻟﺠﻨﺎح‬   You are famous for lowering the wing, so don’t become a falcon by 
َ

‫‪3:119‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻫﺎ أ ْﻧ ْ أُوﻻ ِء ﺗ ِﺤﺒﻮ ْﻢ وﻻ ﻳ ِﺤﺒﻮﻧﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َ ُ ُ َ ِ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫ُ ُّ َ‬
‫َ َ ُ‬
‫ُ ُّ َ ُ َ‬
‫اﻷﻧﺎ ِﻣ َﻞ‬
‫ﻀﻮا ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ‬
‫ﺧ َﻠ ْﻮا ﻋ‬
‫ﻛُ ِ ّﻪﻠِ و ِإذَا ﻟَﻘُﻮﻛُ ْﻢ َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا آﻣﻨَّﺎ و ِإذَا‬
‫ُ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻜ ُﻢ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻐ ْﻴﻆ ﻗﻞ ﻣﻮﺗﻮا ﺑﻐ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ور )‪(١١٩‬‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫اﻟﺼ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ِ ُ ُ ُ ِ َ ِ‬
‫ُ ِ َّ َّ َ َ ِ ِ َ ِ ّ ُ ُ ِ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ And they won’t stop until they bite ‬وﻟﻦ ﻳﻨ ﻮا ﺣﺘﻰ ﻳﻌﻀﻮا اﻷﺻﺎﺑﻊ‪ He was biting his fingers in surprise and helplessness.    ‬ﻳﻌﺾ ﻋ أﻃﺮاﻓﻪ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪their fingers ‬‬

‫‪20:27‬‬

‫‪To untie the knot in one’s tongue‬‬

‫و ْ‬
‫اﺣﻠ ْﻞ ﻋ ْﻘﺪ ًة ِﻣﻦ ﻟِّﺴﺎ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪To untie the knot in the tongue ‬‬

‫‪Two Different Expressions for ‘Seven Ears of Corn’ in 2:261 vs. 12:43‬‬

‫‪2:189‬‬

‫‪  2.04‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪2.05‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻴﺖ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﱪُ ِﺑﺄَن‬
‫ﺞ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻚﻋ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎس‬
‫ﻠﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮﻧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫اﻷﻫ ّ َﺔﻠِ ﻗ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ ِ َّ ِ َ َ ّ َ َ َ ِ ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻮت‬
‫ﻮر َﻫﺎ وﻟَ ِ‬
‫ﻮت ِﻣﻦ ﻇ ُ ُﻬ ِ‬
‫ﻦ َّ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ِ ّ َ‬
‫ﱪ َﻣ ِ‬
‫اﺗ َﻘﻰ َوأﺗُﻮا اﻟﺒُﻴ ُ َ‬
‫َﺗﺄﺗُﻮا اﻟﺒُﻴ ُ َ‬
‫ﻜ َّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻣ ْ‬
‫اﷲ ﻟَﻌ ّﻠ‬
‫ﺤﻮن )‪(١٨٩‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜﻢ ﺗ‬
‫اﺗ ُﻘﻮا‬
‫ﻦ أ َ ْﺑﻮا ِ ﺎ و‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫‪ ‬ﻟﻜﻲ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ اﻟﻨﺎس أ اﻣﺮءٌ‬
‫ﺸﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺎ‪To go about something the right way.  ‬‬
‫أﺗﻴﺖ اﻟﻤﻌ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺑﺎﺑﻪ ﺿ ِﻠﻠﺖ و إن ﺗﺪﺧُﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺒﺎب ﺘﺪي‬
‫‪  ‬ﻣﺘﻰ ﻣﺎ‬
‫أﺗﻴﺖ اﻷﻣﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪18:22 ‬‬
‫وﻳﻘ ْﻮﻟ ْﻮن ْﺴ ٌﺔ ﺳﺎدﺳ ْ ﻛ ْﻠ ْﻢ ر ْ ﺎ ًﺑﺎﻟْﻐ ْ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ َ ِ‬
‫ُ ُ َ ُُ َ‬
‫َ َ ُ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪  War is exactly what you have come to know and ‬وﻣﺎ اﻟﺤﺮب إﻻ ﻣﺎ ﻋ ِﻠﻤ و ذﻗ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪To throw stones in the dark‬‬

‫‪2.06‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫وﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻋ‬

‫ﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ اﻟﻤﺮﺟﻢ‪To throw stones in the dark‬‬

‫ُ َ َّ‬

‫‪experience. And this remark concerning it is not conjecture of doubtful validity. ‬‬

‫ﻋﻠﻞ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺮﺟﻢ ﻏﻴﺒﻪ‬
ُ ُ ‫أ‬  I divert myself with wishful thinking‫وﻇﻦ اﻟﻐﻴﺐ ﺗﺮ ﻮا‬   And to conjecture about things unknown to one is like 
throwing stones about (without a target to aim at) 

2.07

To double up a knot

ْ
(٧٩) ‫ﱪﻣﻮن‬
‫أ َ ْم أ َ ْﺑﺮﻣﻮا أ َ ْﻣ ًﺮا ﻓَ ِﺈ ّﻧَﺎ ﻣ‬
ِ
ُ َ
َ ُ ُ
ٌ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫أﺑﺮم اﻟﺤﺒﻞ‬ To double up a chord and twist it‫ﱪم‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻗﻀﻰ‬
  inevitable fate.  ‫ﻟُﺒﻲ وأﺣ ِﻔﻈﻪ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﻣﱪم‬
‫ﻌﻲ‬
‫ﺸﺎﻳ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺷﺌﺖ‬
‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻲﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻞ‬
ِ ُ ُ
ُ
ِ ِ ُ ‫ﻇُﻠ‬ 
ّ
َ ُ
ُ
 

43:79 

My camels are docile, (I take them where I like).  And keeping me constant company is my heart /reason which I put to work with a firm resolve 

2.08

To roam into just any valley

 

‫ﻫﺎﻣﺖ اﻟﻨﺎﻗﺔ‬ she camel that wanders around by herself in search of pasture 
2.09
 

To have the pot boil over

‫أَﻟَ ْﻢ َﺗﺮ أ َ ّ َ ْﻢ ِﰲ ﻛُ ّ ِﻞ وا ٍد‬
(٢٢٥) ‫ﻴﻤﻮن‬
ِ
ُ
َ
َ َ
ُ َ

ْ ْ ْ
ْ ْ ْ ْ
ْ
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اﺛ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫و‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻟﺘﻨ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺣ ّ َﺘﻰ ِإذَا ﺟﺎء أ َ ْﻣﺮ َﻧﺎ وﻓَﺎر‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻛ‬
ُ
ِ َ ِ َ َ ٍ ّ ُ ِ َ ِ ِ ‫ﻮر ﻗُﻠﻨَﺎ ا‬
ّ
َ
ّ
َ
ُ
َ َ ُ َ َ
ٌ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫وأ ْﻫﻠﻚ إﻻ ﻣ‬
ْ
‫ﻦ‬
(٤٠) ‫ل وﻣﻦ آﻣﻦ وﻣﺎ آﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ ُ ِإﻻ َﻗ ِﻠﻴﻞ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫اﻟ‬
ِ
َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ
ََ َ َ َ َ َ َ
َ َ ُ َ

26:225

11:40 
 

‫ﻓﺎر‬ to simmer.  Used to describe a cooking pot or an over‐flaring heated oven.  
2.10
 

ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ً
‫ﺴ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻂ ﻓَﺘﻘ ُﻌ َﺪ‬
‫ك‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻮﺔﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻛ‬
َ
ّ
ُ َ ُ َ َ َ ِ ُ ُ َ ِ َ ُ َ َ َ َ ‫َوﻻ َﺗﺠ َﻌ‬
َ ِ َ
ً ‫ﻣﻠُﻮ ًﻣﺎ ﻣ ْﺤﺴ‬
(٢٩) ‫ﻮرا‬
َ
ُ َ

To keep ones hands wrapped around one’s neck

‫ﻏﻞ ﻓﻼﻧﺎ‬ to put chains on someone’s hands / neck.  To have ones hands tied to ones neck. 
 

17:29 

‫‪8:48 ‬‬
‫‪23:66 ‬‬

‫‪47:4 ‬‬

‫وإ ْذ زﻳﻦ ﻟ اﻟﺸ ْﻴﻄﺎن أ ْﻋﻤﺎﻟ ْ وﻗﺎل ﻻ ﻏﺎﻟﺐ ﻟﻜﻢ اﻟْﻴ ْ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎس‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ُ ُ َ َ ِ َ َّ ِ‬
‫َ ِ َ َّ َ َ ُ ُ َّ َ ُ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ‬
‫ﺎر ﻟﻜ ْﻢ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺗﺮاءت اﻟْﻔﺌﺘﺎن ﻧﻜﺺ ﻋ ﻋﻘﺒ ْ‬
‫وإ ﺟ ٌ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َ َ َّ َ َ ِ ِ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ِ ِ ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ِِّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺑﺮيءٌ ﻣﻨْﻜ ْﻢ إ أرى ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﺗﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫و‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫أ‬
‫إ‬
‫ن‬
‫و‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ ِ‬
‫َ ُ َّ َ َ َّ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ ِِّ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎب )‪(٤٨‬‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﻟ ِ َ ِ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا ﻓﻀ ْﺮب اﻟﺮﻗﺎب ﺣﺘﻰ إذا أ ْﺛﺨﻨْﺘﻤﻮ ْ‬
‫ﺸ ّ ُﺪوا‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻓَ ِﺈذا ﻟَ ِﻘﻴ ُ ُ ّ َ ِ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ ِ ّ َ ِ َ ّ َ ِ َ َ َ ُ ُ ُ َ ُ‬
‫اﻟْﻮﺛﺎق ﻓﺈﻣﺎ ﻣﻨًﺎ ﺑ ْﻌﺪ وإﻣﺎ ﻓﺪاء ً ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﻀﻊ اﻟْﺤ ْﺮب أ ْ‬
‫ﻚ وﻟَ ْﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ار‬
‫ز‬
‫و‬
‫َ َ َ َ ِ َّ َ ّ َ ُ َ ِ َّ ِ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻟﻴ ْ‬
‫ﻻﻧﺘﺼﺮ ﻣ ْ ْﻢ وﻟﻜ ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻀ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫َ َﺸﺎء‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ ِﺑﺒﻌ ٍﺾ و ّ َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َُ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻗﺘﻠﻮا ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ اﷲ ﻓﻠ ْ‬
‫ﻀ ّ َﻞ أَﻋﻤﺎﻟَ ُ )‪(٤‬‬
‫ﻦﻳ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ ِ ُ ِ َ ِ ِ َّ ِ َ َ ُ‬

‫‪To turn back on both one’s heels‬‬

‫‪To turn back on the heels; to retrace ones’ steps ‬‬

‫‪Of war to shed its weapons‬‬

‫‪2.12‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪Of war to lay down its arms ‬‬

‫‪To collapse upon the roofs ‬‬
‫‪22:45. ‬‬
‫‪Also ‬‬
‫‪2:259, ‬‬
‫‪18:42 ‬‬

‫‪2.11‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪32.13 ‬‬

‫ٌ‬
‫ﺧﺎوﻳﺔ ﻋ ٰ ُ ْو ِﺷﻬﺎ‬
‫و ِﻫﻲ‬
‫ِ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫‪Of  a town to have fallen in on its roofs or of a garden to have fallen in on its trellises ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪Intricate Word Choice ‬‬

‫‪3 ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪2:170‬‬

‫‪5:104 ‬‬

‫‪33:13‬‬

‫‪3:96‬‬
‫‪48:24 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫وإذا ﻗﻴﻞ ﻟ اﺗﺒﻌﻮا ﻣﺎ أ‬
‫اﷲ َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا ﺑﻞ َﻧ ّ َﺘ ِﺒﻊ ﻣﺎ أَﻟ َﻔﻴﻨَﺎ ﻋ َﻠﻴ ِﻪ آﺑﺎء َﻧﺎ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ِ َ ِ َ َ ُ ُ َّ ِ ُ َ َ َ َ َّ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫أوﻟ ْﻮ ﻛﺎن آﺑﺎؤ ْ ﻻ ﻳ ْﻌﻘﻠﻮن ﺷ ْﻴ ًﺌﺎ وﻻ ْ‬
‫ﺪون‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ََ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ ِ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫وإذا ﻗﻴﻞ ﻟ ْ ﺗﻌﺎﻟ ْ‬
‫اﷲ و ِإ َ اﻟﺮﺳ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮل َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا ﺣ ْﺴﺒﻨَﺎ ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َِ ِ َ َ ُ ََ َ‬
‫َّ ُ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َّ ُ َ‬
‫وﺟ ْﺪﻧﺎ ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻪ آﺑﺎءﻧﺎ أوﻟ ْﻮ ﻛﺎن آﺑﺎؤ ْ ﻻ ﻳ ْﻌﻠﻤﻮن ﺷ ْﻴ ًﺌﺎ وﻻ ْ‬
‫ﺪون‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ََ ََ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬

‫ْ‬

‫ْ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ﺟﻌﻮا‪ ‬‬
‫ﻜﻢ ﻓَﺎر ِ‬
‫ﻳﺎأَﻫ َﻞ ﻳﺜ ِﺮب َﻻ ﻣﻘﺎم ﻟَ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬

‫َ‬

‫َ‬

‫َُ َ‬

‫‪Comparing 2:170 with 5:104‬‬

‫‪Come to what Allah sent down & to the messenger ‬‬
‫‪We ‘found’ (WAJADNAA) ‬‬

‫‪Madinah in 63:8, 33:13,60, 9:101, 120 vs. Yathrib in 33:13‬‬

‫‪11:72 ‬‬

‫‪3.02‬‬

‫‪Only instance of Yathrib in the Qur’an ‬‬

‫ُ‬

‫ً ْ‬
‫ﻜﺔ ﻣﺒ ً‬
‫ﺎس ﻟَ ّ َ‬
‫ﺬﻠي ِﺑﺒ ّ َ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ِإ ّ َن أ َ ّ َو َل ﺑ ْﻴ‬
‫ﺖ و ِﺿﻊ ﻟِﻠﻨ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﺎرﻛﺎ َو ُ‬
‫ﻫﺪى ﻟِ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟي ﻛﻒ أ ْﻳ ِﺪ ْﻢ ﻋﻨْﻜ ْﻢ وأ ْﻳ ِﺪﻳﻜ ْﻢ ﻋ ْ ْ‬
‫وﻫﻮ ّ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻣ َّ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻜ َﺔ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ُ َ ِ َ َّ َ َ ُ َ‬
‫ُ َ ُ َ ِ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﺑ ْﻌ ِﺪ أ ْن أﻇﻔﺮﻛ ْﻢ ﻋﻠ ْ ْ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫اﷲ ِﺑﻤﺎ َﺗﻌﻤﻠُﻮن ﺑ ِﺼﲑًا )‪(٢٤‬‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫و‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ّ ُ َ‬
‫ِ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ‬

‫)‪Makkah (48:24) vs. Bakkah (3:96‬‬

‫‪‘Ajeeb (strange) in 50:2, 11:72 vs. ‘Ujaab (extremely strange) 38:5‬‬

‫‪50:2‬‬

‫‪3.01‬‬

‫‪Follow what Allah sent down ‬‬
‫‪We ‘found’ (ALFAYNA) ‬‬

‫ﺑ ْﻞ ﻋﺠﺒﻮا أ َ ْن ﺟﺎء ْ ﻣﻨْ ِﺬ ٌر ِﻣ ْ ْﻢ ﻓﻘﺎل اﻟْﻜﺎﻓِﺮون ﻫﺬا ْ ءٌ ﻋﺠﻴﺐٌ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ُ ََ َ‬
‫َ َ ُ ُ‬
‫َ َ ِ ُ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺖ ﻳﺎ و ْ‬
‫ﺨﺎ إن ﻫﺬا ﻟﺸ ْﻲءٌ‬
‫ﻮز وﻫﺬا ﺑ ْﻌ ﺷ ْﻴ ً‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻟ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َّ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ ِ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ ُ‬
‫َ َ َ َ ََ‬
‫ﻋﺠ ٌ‬
‫ﻴﺐ )‪(٧٢‬‬
‫َ ِ‬

‫‪3.03‬‬
‫‪Bakkah ‬‬

‫‪Makkah ‬‬

‫‪3.04‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪38:5 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫وﻋﺠﺒﻮا أ ْن ﺟﺎء ْ ﻣﻨْ ِﺬ ٌر ِﻣ ْ ْ‬
‫ﺣﺮٌ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻜﺎﻓِﺮ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ون َﻫ َﺬا َﺳﺎ ِ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ ِ ُ َ َ َ ُ ُ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫اب )‪  (٤‬أﺟﻌﻞ اﻵﻬﻟﺔ إﻬﻟًﺎ واﺣ ًﺪا إن ﻫﺬا ﻟﺸ ْﻲءٌ ﻋﺠ ٌ‬
‫ﻛﺬ ٌ‬
‫ﺎب )‪(٥‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪Two Different Expressions for ‘Seven Ears of Corn’ in 2:261 vs. 12:43‬‬

‫‪2:261‬‬

‫‪12:43 ‬‬

‫‪16:120, ‬‬
‫‪121‬‬

‫‪31:20 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻳﻨْﻔﻘﻮن أ ْ‬
‫ﻣﺜ ﻞ ّ َ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺜَ ِﻞ ﺣ ّ َﺒ ٍﺔ أَﻧﺒﺘﺖ ﺳ ْﺒﻊ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ََ‬
‫َ َ ُ ِ َ ُ ِ ُ َ َ َ َ ُ ِ َ ِ ِ َّ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ﺳﻨﺎﺑﻞ ﰲ ﻛ ّﻞ ﺳﻨْﺒﺔﻠ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺣﺒﺔ واﷲ ﻳﻀﺎﻋﻒ ﻟﻤ ْ‬
‫اﺳ ٌﻊ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎء‬
‫ﺸ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫اﷲ ُ َو ِ‬
‫َ َ ِ َ ِ ُ ِ ُ ُ َ ٍ ِ َ ُ َ َّ ٍ َ َّ ُ ُ َ ِ ُ ِ َ َ َ ُ َ َّ‬
‫ﻋ ِﻠ ٌ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫وﻗﺎل اﻟْﻤﻠﻚ إ أرى ﺳ ْ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻦ ﺳ ْﺒ ٌﻊ ِﻋﺠﺎف وﺳ ْﺒﻊ‬
‫ﻊ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ِ ِّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ٍ َ ُ ُ ُ َّ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ ُ ِ َ َ َ ََ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎت ﻳﺎ أ َ ّ ُ ﺎ اﻟﻤﻸ أَﻓﺘُﻮ ِ ِﰲ رؤﻳﺎي ِإن‬
‫ﺧﺮ ﻳﺎ ِﺴ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻀ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻼت‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺳﻨ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ‬
‫ُ ُ‬
‫ُ ٍ َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻛﻨْ ْ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ؤ‬
‫ﻠﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﱪُون )‪(٤٣‬‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ ُ ُّ َ َ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫إن إ ْ‬
‫اﻫ ﻛﺎن أُﻣ ًﺔ ﻗﺎ ِﻧ ًﺘﺎ ِﷲِ ﺣﻨِ ً‬
‫ﻚ ِﻣﻦ اﻟ ُﻤ‬
‫ﻴﻔﺎ وﻟَ ْﻢ ﻳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اط ﻣ ْﺴﺘ ِﻘ ٍ )‪(١٢١‬‬
‫ﻛ ًﺮا ﻷﻧ ُﻌ ِﻤ ِﻪ اﺟﺘﺒﺎه و َﻫ َﺪاه ِإ َ ِﺻﺮ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫َﺷﺎ ِ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ََ َُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫أﻟ ْﻢ ﺗﺮ ْوا أن اﷲ ﺳﺨﺮ ﻟﻜ ْﻢ ﻣﺎ ﰲ اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات وﻣﺎ ﰲ ْ‬
‫اﻷر ِض وأ َ ْﺳﺒ َﻎ‬
‫ُ َ ِ َّ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ َّ َّ َ َ َّ َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻜ ْﻢ ﻧﻌﻤﻪ ﻇﺎﻫﺮ ًة وﺑﺎﻃﻨ ًﺔ وﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﺎس ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ل ِﰲ ّ َ‬
‫اﷲِ ِﺑ َﻐ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ ِ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ َّ ِ َ ُ َ ُ‬
‫ِﻋ ْﻠﻢ وﻻ ﻫ ً‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫و‬
‫ى‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﲑ )‪(٢٠‬‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ٍ ُ ٍ‬
‫ٍ َ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬

‫)‪Sunbulaat = plural of sunbulah meaning ear (of corn‬‬

‫‪Two different plurals for ‘blessings’ in 16:120 vs. 31:20‬‬

‫ﻛﲔ َ ‪ ‬‬
‫ِ ِ‬

‫‪3.05‬‬

‫‪Sanaabil = plural of sunbulah meaning ear (of corn) ‬‬

‫‪3.06‬‬

‫‪An’um = plural of ni’mah meaning blessing ‬‬

‫‪Ni’am = plural of ni’mah meaning blessing ‬‬

‫‪Dwellers in Paradise 4:13 vs. Dweller in Hell fire 4:14‬‬

‫‪3.07‬‬

‫‪4:13‬‬

‫‪4:14‬‬

‫ﻦ ﻳﻄ ِﻊ اﷲ ورﺳﻮﻪﻟ ﻳ ْﺪﺧ ْﻪﻠ ﺟﻨﺎت ﺗ ْﺠﺮي ﻣﻦْ‬
‫ﺗ ْﻠﻚ ﺣﺪود اﷲ وﻣ ْ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫ُ َ َّ‬
‫َّ َ َ َ ُ ُ ُ‬
‫ِ َ ُ ُ ُ َّ ِ َ َ ُ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺎﺪﻟ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟ َﻔﻮ ُز اﻟ َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﺎرا ﺧ ِ ً‬
‫ﺧﻪﻠ ﻧ ً‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺺ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﻣﻦ ﻳ‬
‫ﺎﺪﻟا ِﻓ ﺎ و َﻪﻟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮﻪﻟ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ه‬
‫ود‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َ َ ُ ُ َ َََ‬
‫ُ ُ َ ُ ُ‬
‫َ َ ُ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻋﺬ ٌ‬
‫اب ﻣ ِﻬﲔ )‪(١٤‬‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ‬

‫‪Dwellers (khalideena) ‬‬

‫‪Dweller (khalidan) ‬‬

‫‪The Difference between the ‘sky’ and the ‘skies’ in 3:133 vs. 57:21‬‬

‫‪3:133‬‬

‫‪57:21 ‬‬

‫‪30:21‬‬
‫‪25:74 ‬‬
‫‪21:90 ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫وﺳﺎرﻋﻮا إ ﻣ ْﻐﻔﺮة ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ رﺑﻜ ْﻢ وﺟﻨ ٍﺔ ْ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َ َ ُ‬
‫َ َ ِ ُ َِ َ ِ َ ٍ ِ َ ّ‬
‫ُ َ َ ّ َ ُ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫و ْ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ض‬
‫اﻷر‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻮا إ ﻣ ْﻐﻔﺮة ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ رﺑﻜ ْﻢ وﺟﻨ ٍﺔ ْ ﺿﻬﺎ ﻛ ْ‬
‫ض‬
‫اﻟﺴﻤﺎ ِء‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ِ ُ ِ َ َ ِ ٍ ِ َ ِّ‬
‫ُ َ َ َّ َ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫َّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺬﻠﻳﻦ آﻣﻨﻮا ﺑﺎﷲ ورﺳﻪﻠ ذﻟﻚ ﻓﻀﻞ اﷲ ﻳﺆﺗﻴﻪ ﻣ ْ‬
‫و ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ت‬
‫اﻷر ِض أ ُ ِﻋ ّ َﺪ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫اﷲ ُذُو اﻟ َﻔﻀ ِﻞ اﻟ َﻌ ِ‬
‫َ َﺸﺎء ُ َو ّ َ‬
‫ﻈ ِ‬

‫ﻦ آﻳﺎﺗﻪ أ ْن ﺧﻠﻖ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻣ ْ‬
‫وﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ أﻧﻔﺴﻜ ْﻢ أ ْزوا ً ْ‬
‫ﻜﻨُﻮا ِإﻟَ ْ ﺎ‬
‫ﺟﺎ ﻟِّ َﺴ ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫وﺟﻌﻞ ﺑ ْﻴﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻮد ًة ور ْ ً‬
‫ﺎت ﻟِّ َﻘ ْﻮ ٍم ﻳﺘ َﻔ ّ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻵﻳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻜﺮون‪   ‬‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ََ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ُ َّ َ َّ َ َ َ ِ َّ ِ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫و َّ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫أ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ذ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫و‬
‫ز‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻳﻘﻮﻟ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻮن َر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ َﻫﺐ ﻟَﻨَﺎ ِﻣﻦ أ َ َ ِ َ َ ُ ِّ ّ َ َ ُ ّ َ َ ُ ٍ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ ُ ُ َ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫واﺟﻌﻠﻨَﺎ ﻟِﻠ ُﻤ ّ َﺘ ِﻘﲔَ ِإﻣﺎ ًﻣﺎ ‪ ‬‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪3.08‬‬

‫‪Its vastness IS the skies & the earth (combined) ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪Rush to forgiveness… ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪Prepared for the muttaqeen… ‬‬
‫‪Its vastness is LIKE (not quite equal to ) the sky and the earth‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪Compete in rushing towards forgiveness ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪Prepared for those who believe in Allah and his Messengers… ‬‬

‫)‪The Use of ‘Zawj’ (spouse) vs. Imra’ah (wife‬‬

‫‪3.09‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫اﻣﺮأَة اﻟﻌ ِﺰﻳ ِﺰ‪The ministers’ wife in 12:30  ‬‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ِ  ‬ا ْﻣﺮأة ﻓ ْ ْ‬
‫ﺮﻋﻮن‪Fir’own’s wife in 66:11‬‬
‫َ ََ ِ َ َ‬
‫‪ِ  ‬ا ْﻣﺮأ َ َة ﻧ ُ ْﻮ ٍ‬
‫ح ‪Nuh’s wife in 66:10‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ط‪Lut’s wife in 66:10‬‬
‫‪ِ  ‬اﻣﺮأ َ َة ﻟُﻮ ٍ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪Imra’ah is used for: ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻓ ْ‬
‫ﺎﺳﺘﺠ ْﺒﻨَﺎ َﻪﻟ وو َﻫ ْﺒﻨَﺎ َﻪﻟ ﻳﺤﻴﻰ وأ َ ْﺻ َﻠﺤﻨَﺎ َﻪﻟ َز ْوﺟ ُﻪ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َُ َ َ‬
‫َُ َ‬

‫ْ‬

‫اﻣﺮأَﺗﻪ‪Abu Lahab’s wife in 112:4 ‬‬

‫َ ُ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪ِ  ‬اﻣﺮأ َ ْ ‪Zakariyya’s wife in 19:5 & 8‬‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪ِ  ‬اﻣﺮأَﺗﻪ ‪Ibrahim’s wife in 11:71‬‬
‫َ ُ ُ‬

‫‪Two different words for ‘selection’ in 22:75 vs. 78‬‬

‫‪22:75 ‬‬
‫‪22:78 ‬‬

‫‪28:10 ‬‬

‫‪17:36 ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫اﷲ ﻳ ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻴﻊ ﺑ ِﺼﲑ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎس‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ ُ َ َ َّ‬
‫َّ َّ َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ ِﰲ‬
‫ﻫﻮ اﺟﺘﺒﺎﻛُ ْﻢ وﻣﺎ ﺟﻌ َﻞ َﻟَ ْﻴ‬
‫ﺟ َﻬﺎ ِد ِه‬
‫وﺟﺎﻫﺪوا ﰲ اﷲ‬
‫ﺣ ّ َﻖ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ ِ ُ ِ َّ ِ َ‬
‫ََ‬
‫َُ‬
‫ﻦ ﺣﺮ ٍج ﻣ َﺔﻠ أﺑﻴﻜ ْﻢ إ ْﺑﺮاﻫ ﻫﻮ ﺎﻛﻢ اﻟْﻤ ْﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻣ ْ‬
‫اﺪﻟﻳﻦ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ُ ِِ َ ِ‬
‫ِّ ِ ِ‬
‫ِ ُ َ َ ّ َ ُُ‬
‫ُ ِ‬
‫ِ ّ َ َِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻗْ‬
‫ﻴﺪا ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻜﻮن اﻟﺮﺳﻮل ﺷﻬ ً‬
‫ﺷ َﻬ َﺪاء‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻮﻧ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ ُ‬
‫َ َّ ُ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻫﻮ‬
‫َﻋ َ اﻟﻨّ َ ِ‬
‫اﻟﺰ َ‬
‫ﺎة َواﻋ َﺘ ِﺼ ُﻤﻮا ِﺑ ّ َ‬
‫ﺎﷲِ َُ‬
‫ﻴﻤﻮا ّ َ‬
‫اﻟﺼ َ‬
‫ﻛ َ‬
‫ﻼة َوآﺗُﻮا ّ َ‬
‫ﺎس ﻓَﺄَ ِﻗ ُ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻣ ْﻮﻻﻛُﻢ ﻓ َﻨِﻌﻢ اﻟﻤﻮ َ و ِﻧﻌﻢ اﻟﻨّ َ ِﺼﲑ ُ‪ ‬‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ت ﻟﺘ ْﺒﺪي ﺑﻪ ﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛﺎد‬
‫ﺎر ًﻏﺎ ِإن‬
‫وأ َ ْﺻﺒﺢ ﻓُﺆاد أ ُ ِ ّم ﻣﻮ ﻓ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ِ َ‬
‫َُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ُ‬
‫َ َِ َ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻊ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫وﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫اد‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ َ‬
‫َوﻻ َﺗ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫َّ َّ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻛﺎن ﻋﻨﻪ ُﻣ ْﺴﺌُﻮﻻ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬

‫‪3.10‬‬

‫‪YASTAFEE (He selects) ‬‬

‫‪IJTABAA (He selected) ‬‬

‫’‪Two Different Words for the ‘heart‬‬

‫‪3.11‬‬

‫‪FU’AD & QALB (heart) ‬‬

‫‪Why fu’ad in this ayah? ‬‬

‫‪2:61 ‬‬

‫‪The Word Misr Doesn’t always mean Egypt‬‬

‫ْ‬

‫ِا ْﻫﺒﻄ ُ ْﻮا ِﻣ ْﺼﺮا ًﻓﺈن ﻟﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َّ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ ُ‬

‫‪3.13‬‬

‫‪ِ  has been used to mean Egypt explicitly on four occasions;  ‬ﻣ ْﺼﺮ‬
‫‪12:21, 12:99, 43:51, 10:87.  What else does it mean? ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻛ ِﺜﲑا ِﻣ‬
‫ﻻَ ﻳﻔ َﻘ ُﻬﻮن ِ ﺎ‬
‫اﻹ ِﺲ ﻟَ ُ ﻗُﻠُﻮب ّ‬
‫وﻟَﻘﺪ ذرأﻧﺎ ﻟِ‬
‫ﻦ َو ِ‬
‫ﺠ َﻬ ّ َ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ِﺠ ِّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ ََ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ان ﻻ ْﺴﻤﻌﻮن ﺎ أ ْ‬
‫وﻟ ْ أ ْﻋﲔٌ ﻻ ﻳ ْﺒﺼﺮون ﺎ وﻟ ْ آذ ٌ‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻷﻧ َﻌ ِ‬
‫ﻛﺎ َ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ ُ َّ ُ ِ ُ َ ِ َ َ َ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ ُ ََِ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺑﻞ ُ أ َ َﺿ ّ ُﻞ أُوﻟـ‬
‫ﻚ ُ اﻟ َﻐﺎﻓِﻠُﻮن‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ِ َ ُ‬

‫‪Hearts that don’t truly understand, eyes that don’t see, ears that don’t hear‬‬

‫‪7:179 ‬‬

‫‪33:4 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﺟﻌﻞ اﷲ ﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻗ ْﻠﺒ ْﲔ ﰲ ﺟ ْ‬
‫ﻜﻢ اﻟﻼ ِﻲ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫و‬
‫ز‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َّ ُ ِ ُ ٍ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ وﻣﺎ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻦ أ ُ ّ َﻣ َﻬﺎ ِﺗ‬
‫ﺗﻈﺎﻫﺮ‬
‫ﺟ َﻌ َﻞ أَد ِﻋﻴﺎءﻛُ ْﻢ أَﺑﻨَﺎءﻛُ ْﻢ ذَﻟِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ون ِﻣ ُ ّ َ‬
‫ُ َ ِ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻗ ْﻮﻟﻜ ْﻢ ﺑﺄﻓْﻮاﻫﻜ ْﻢ واﷲ ﻳﻘﻮل اﻟْﺤﻖ وﻫﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ُ ُ َِ ِ‬
‫َّ ِ َ‬
‫ُ َ َّ ُ َ ُ ُ َ َّ َ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪3.14‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪No two hearts inside of any man ‬‬

‫‪33.15 ‬‬

‫‪3.16 Musa  (AS) ‘s address to his nation vs. the address of Esa (AS) ‬‬

‫‪61:6 ‬‬

‫‪61:6 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫وإ ْذ ﻗﺎل ﻣﻮ ﻟﻘ ْﻮﻣﻪ ﻳﺎ ﻗ ْ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫وﻧ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ ِ ِ َ ِ ِ ُ ُ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ ّ ُ ُ َّ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫إﻟ ْﻴﻜ ْﻢ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ زاﻏﻮا أزاغ اﷲ ﻗﻠﻮ ْﻢ واﷲ ﻻ ْ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ َ َّ َ ُ َ َ َ َّ ُ ُ ُ َ ُ َ َّ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫وإ ْذ ﻗﺎل ﻋ ﺴﻰ ْاﺑﻦ ﻣ ْﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻨﻲ إ ْﺳﺮا ﻴﻞ إ رﺳﻮل اﷲ إﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ ِ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ َ ِ ِ َ ِ َ ِ ِ ّ َ ُ ُ َّ ِ ِ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪To his nation… ‬‬

‫‪To the sons of Israel… ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻣﺼﺪ ًﻗﺎ ﻟﻤﺎ ﺑ ْﲔ ﻳﺪي ﻣﻦ اﻟﺘ ْ‬
‫ﻮل ﻳﺄ ِ ِﻣﻦ ﺑﻌ ِﺪي ا ُ ُﻪ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ة‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ً‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ ّ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َّ َ َّ َ َ ُ َ ّ ِ َ ُ ٍ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎت َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا َﻫ َﺬا ِﺳﺤ ٌﺮ ﻣ ِﺒﲔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎء‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ِ‬
‫أَ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َّ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ َّ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬

‫)‪Kafiroon (disbelievers) vs. Mushrikoon (idolators‬‬

‫‪61:8 ‬‬

‫‪61:9 ‬‬

‫‪49:9 ‬‬

‫‪4:82  ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻳﺪون ﻟِﻴﻄ ِﻔﺌُﻮا ﻧﻮر اﷲ ﺑﺄﻓﻮاﻫ واﷲ ﻣ ﻧ‬
‫ﻳﺮ‬
‫ﻮر ِه وﻟَﻮ ﻛﺮه‬
‫ُِ ُ َ ُ‬
‫ُ َ َّ ِ ِ َ َ ِ ِ َ َّ ُ ُ ِ ّ ُ ُ ِ َ‬
‫َِ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻜﺎ ِﻓﺮون‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟي أ ْرﺳﻞ رﺳﻮﻪﻟ ﺑﺎﻬﻟﺪى ودﻳﻦ اﻟْﺤﻖ ﻟﻴﻈﻬﺮه ﻋ اﺪﻟﻳﻦ ﻛﻪﻠ وﻟﻮْ‬
‫ﻫ َﻮ ّ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ُ ِ ُ َ َ ِ ِ َ ّ ِ ِ ُ ِ َ ُ َ َ ِّ ِ ُ ِ ّ ِ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻛ ِﺮه اﻟ ُﻤ ِ ﻛُﻮن‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫وإ ْن ﻃﺎ ﻔﺘﺎن ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻤ ْﺆﻣﻨﲔ ْاﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮا ﻓﺄ ْ‬
‫ﺤﻮا ﺑ ْﻴ َ ُﻤﺎ ﻓَ ِﺈن ﺑ َﻐﺖ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫َ ِ َ َِ َ ِ ِ َ ُ ِ ِ َ ََ ُ ََ ِ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫إ ْ‬
‫اﻷﺧﺮى ﻓﻘﺎﺗﻠﻮا اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗ ْﺒﻐﻲ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺗﻔﻲء إ أ ْ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫اﷲِ ﻓ َ ِﺈن‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫اﻫ َﻤﺎ َﻋ َ‬
‫َ ََ ِ ُ‬
‫ِ َ ِ َ َّ َ ِ َ ِ َ َ ِ َّ‬
‫ِ َ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ت ﻓﺄ ْﺻﻠﺤﻮا ﺑ ْ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺎء َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ َّ َّ َ ُ ّ ُ ُ‬
‫ُ َ َ َُ ِ َ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ‬

‫‪29:36, ‬‬
‫‪11:84, 7:85 ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪26:176,177 ‬‬
‫‪26:106, ‬‬
‫‪124, 142, ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪Two words for justice‬‬

‫‪3.18‬‬

‫‪‘ADL & IQSAAT:  Justice ‬‬

‫)‪The word Ikhtilaaf (discord/ contradiction‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫أﻓﻼ ﻳﺘﺪﺑﺮون اﻟْﻘ ْﺮآن وﻟ ْ‬
‫اﺧﺘﻼﻓ ً‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻛ ِﺜﲑًا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ ِ ِ ِ َ ِ َّ ِ َ َ ُ ِ ِ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َّ ُ‬
‫وإ ﻣ ْﺪﻳﻦ أﺧﺎ ْ‬
‫ﺷﻌ ْﻴ ًﺒﺎ‬
‫َ َِ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َُ‬
‫ﻛﺬب أ ْﺻﺤﺎب ْاﻷ ْ‬
‫ﻜ ِﺔ اﻟْﻤ ْﺮﺳ ِﻠﲔ * إ ْذ ﻗﺎل ﻟ ْ ﺷﻌ ْﻴ ٌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺐ أ َ َﻻ َﺗ ّ َﺘ ُﻘﻮن‬
‫َ َّ َ َ َ ُ َ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ‬
‫ِ َ َ َ ُ َُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻮح أﻻ ﺗﺘﻘﻮن * إ ْذ ﻗﺎل ﻟ ْ أﺧﻮ ْ‬
‫ﻗﺎل ﻟ ْ أَﺧﻮ ْ ﻧ ٌ‬
‫ﻫ ْﻮ ٌدأ َ َﻻ َﺗ ّ َﺘ ُﻘﻮن *‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ ُ ُ ُ‬
‫َ َ ُ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َّ ُ َ‬

‫‪3.17‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪3.19‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫?‪Their brother Shu’aib  or Just Shu’aib‬‬

‫‪3.20‬‬

‫‪To Madyan we sent their brother  Shu’aib ‬‬

‫‪When Shu’aib said to them… ‬‬

‫‪When  their  brother  Nuh,  their  brother  Hud,  their  brother  Saleh,  their ‬‬
‫‪brother Lut  said to them. All mentioned with the expression ‘their brother’ ‬‬

while Shu’aib in the same surah isn’t. 

3.21

Two different words for ‘come on!’

 

 

3.22

3.23

To filter out 

To reside 

The  words  for  living  in  the  Qur’an  include KHALADA for  permanent 
residence.,  ‘AASHARA   for  living  with  family,  HADARA  for  living  in  a  city, 
BADAA   to  live  in  the  outskirts,  THAWAA   to  live  somewhere  where  your 
ancestors are buried and you intend to be, TABAWWA’A to live in a relaxed 
environment  that  meets  your  residential  requirements  perfectly,  SAKANA 
to settle somewhere after having moved from a previous home and finally 
GHANIA to live in luxury  not  denied of any amenities.  

 

ٌ ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ٌ ‫إ ْذ ﻗﺎل ﻟ ْ أﺧﻮ ْ ﺻﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺎل ﻟَ ُ أَﺧُﻮ ُ ﻟُﻮط أ َ َﻻ َﺗ ّ َﺘ ُﻘﻮن‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
*
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺢ‬
ِ
َ
َ
ُ ُ َ ُ َ َ َ ِ
َ َ ِ َ ُ َّ َ
َ

ْ
ْ
ْ
َ ّ ‫ﻗﻞ ﻫﻠﻢ ﺷﻬﺪاءﻛﻢ‬
‫ﺪوا ﻓَﻼ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﺸﻬﺪون أن اﷲ‬
ُ ‫ﺣ ّ َﺮ َم َﻫ َﺬا ﻓ َ ِﺈن َﺷ ِﻬ‬
َ َ َّ َّ َ َ ُ َ َ َ ِ ُ ُ َ َ َ ُ َّ ُ َ ُ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
َ ّ ‫ﻛ ّ َﺬﺑﻮا ِﺑﺂﻳﺎ ِﺗﻨﺎ و‬
َ
ّ
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻻ ﻳﺆ ِﻣﻨُﻮن‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫اء‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻊ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ َ ّ َ َ ُ َ َ ‫َﺸ َﻬ‬
ُ َ َ
َ
ُ َ
َ َ َ
َ َ
ْ
‫ﺎﻵﺧﺮ ِة و ُ ْ ِﺑﺮ ِّ ِ ْﻢ ﻳﻌ ِﺪﻟُﻮن‬
‫ِﺑ‬
َ
َ َ ِ
َ
َ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻗ ْﻞ ﺗﻌﺎﻟ ْﻮا أ ْﺗﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺣﺮم رﺑﻜ ْﻢ ﻋﻠ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ أَﻻ ُ ِ ﻛُﻮا ِﺑ ِﻪ َﺷ ْﻴ ًﺌﺎ‬
‫ﻴ‬
َ َ ُ
ُ
ُ ّ َ َ َّ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ ُ
ْ ‫وﺑﺎﻟْﻮاﺪﻟ ْﻳﻦ إ‬
ْ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﻧًﺎ وﻻ ﺗ ْﻘﺘﻠﻮا أ ْوﻻدﻛ ْﻢ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ إ ْﻣﻼق ﻧ ْﺤﻦ ﻧ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺮ‬
ِ
َ ُُ َ َ
ِ ِ ُ َ
ُ ُ ُ َُ َ ٍ
َ ِ ِ َ َ ِ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﺣ َﺶ ﻣﺎ‬
‫و ِإ ّ َﻳﺎ ُ ْ وﻻ َﺗﻘﺮﺑﻮا اﻟ َﻔﻮا‬
‫ﻇ َﻬﺮ ِﻣ ﺎ وﻣﺎ ﺑﻄَﻦ وﻻ َﺗﻘﺘُﻠُﻮا اﻟﻨّ َﻔﺲ‬
ِ
َ
ُ َ
َ
َ
َ َ َ َ َ َ َ
َ
َ
َ
ْ
ْ
  ‫ﻜ ْﻢ َﺗﻌ ِﻘﻠُﻮن‬
‫ﺻﺎﻛُ ْﻢ ِﺑ ِﻪ ﻟَﻌ ّﻠ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ و‬
‫اﻟﺘﻲ ﺣﺮم اﷲ إﻻ ﺑﺎﻟ‬
َ
ِ‫ﺤ ّ ِﻖ ذَﻟ‬
ُ
َ
ّ
َ ِ ِ ُ َّ َ َّ َ ِ َّ
َ
َ
َ ُ
ْ
ْ
‫ﻜﺎﻓِ ِﺮﻳﻦ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫وﻟﻴﻤﺤ‬
ِ َ ّ ُ ‫اﷲ‬
َّ ‫ﺺ‬
َ
َ َ ‫آﻣﻨُﻮا َو َﻳ‬
َ َ
َ ِّ َ ُ ِ َ
َ

ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻛﺬﺑﻮا ﺷﻌ‬
ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻛﺬﺑﻮا ﺷﻌ ْﻴ ًﺒﺎ ﻛﺄ ْن ﻟ ْﻢ ﻳ ْﻐﻨ‬
ً
َ
ّ
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎﻧ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓ‬
ِ
ِ َّ
َ
َّ َ
ّ
ِ
َ َ
َ
ُ
َ
َُ ُ َ َ
َ
ُ
َ
َ
ُُ ُ َ
َ
ْ
‫ﺎﺳ ِﺮﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺨ‬
ِ َ ‫اﻟ‬
َ

161 

6:150 

6:151 

3:141 

7:92 

 

Transitions Involving 1st, 2nd and 3rd Persons 
 

1.

18. enjoying the (bliss) which their Lord hath bestowed on
them, and their Lord shall deliver them from the penalty of
the Fire.
19. (to them will be said:) "Eat and drink ye, with profit and
health, because of your (good) deeds."

2.

257. Allah is the Protector of those who have faith: from the
depths of darkness He will lead them forth into light. of those
who reject Faith the patrons are the evil ones: from light They
will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be
companions of the fire, to dwell therein (for ever).

3.

34. (as if) to Show their ingratitude for the (favours) we have
bestowed on them! then enjoy (your brief day); but soon will
ye know (your folly).

4.

88. They say: "((Allah)) Most gracious has begotten a son!"
89. indeed ye have put forth a thing Most monstrous!

5.

38. so give what is due to kindred, the needy, and the
wayfarer. that is best for those who seek the Countenance, of
Allah, and it is They who will prosper.

6.

22. He it is who enableth you to traverse through land and
sea; so that ye Even board ships;- They sail with them with a
favourable wind, and They rejoice thereat; then comes a
stormy wind and the waves come to them from all sides, and
They think They are being overwhelmed: They cry unto Allah,
sincerely offering (their) duty unto Him saying, "If Thou dost
deliver us from this, we shall truly Show Our gratitude!"

ْ
ْ
ً ِ‫اﺷﺮﺑﻮا ﻫﻨ‬
‫ﻴﺌﺎ‬
‫ﻓﺎﻛﻬﲔ ﺑﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
  
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫آﺗﺎ ُ ْ ر ّ ُ ْﻢ وو َﻗﺎ ُ ْ ر ّ ُ ْﻢ ﻋ َﺬ‬
‫و‬
َ ُ َ َ ُ ُ ِ ِ َ ‫اب اﻟ‬
َ ُ َ
َ
َ َ ُ َ َ َ َِ ِِ َ
ْ
 ‫ِﺑﻤﺎ ﻛُﻨ ُ ْ َﺗﻌﻤﻠُﻮن‬
َ
َ
َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫وﻇﻠ ْﻠﻨﺎ ﻋﻠ‬
ْ
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫اﻟﺴﻠﻮى ﻛُﻠُﻮا ِﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺰ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
َ
َ َ َ َّ َ َ
َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ
َ َّ َ َّ َ ُ ُ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻛ‬
   ‫ﻛﺎﻧُﻮا أَﻧﻔُﺴ ُ ﻳﻈ ِﻠ ُﻤﻮن‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻇ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻗ‬
ِ ‫ﻃ ِ ّﻴﺒ‬
َ ِ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ‫ﺎت َﻣﺎ َر َز‬
َ َ
َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
 ‫آﺗ ْﻴﻨَﺎ ُ ْ ﻓَﺘﻤ ّ َﺘ ُﻌﻮا ﻓَﺴ ْﻮ َف َﺗﻌ َﻠ ُﻤﻮن‬
َ َ ِ ُ ُ ‫ﻟِ َﻴ‬
َ َ
َ
َ
ْ
ْ ْ
ً
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
   ‫ﺟﺌ ُ ْ َﺷ ْﻴ ًﺌﺎ ِإ ًّدا‬
‫ا‬
 ,  
‫ﺪﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫وﻗﺎﻟﻮا اﺗﺨﺬ اﻟﺮ‬
َ
ِ ََ
َ ُ َ َّ َ َ َّ ُ َ َ

ٌ ْ
ْ ‫ﻓﺂت ذا اﻟْﻘ ْﺮﻰﺑ ﺣﻘﻪ واﻟْﻤ ْﺴﻜﲔ و‬
َ
ّ
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺬﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳﺪون‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫اﺑ‬
ِ َ ُ َّ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ
َ ُ ِ ُ َ ِ ِّ َ َ ِ َ ِ ِ َ ّ َ َ َ ِ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﺟﻪ اﷲ وأ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
 ‫ﺤﻮن‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
ُ
ِ
ِ
ُ
َ
ِ
َ
ّ
َ َ
َ ُ ُ ُ َ
َ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ
‫اﺬﻟي ﺴﲑﻛﻢ ﰲ اﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺢ‬
‫ﱪ واﻟﺒﺤ ِﺮ ﺣ ّ َﺘﻰ ِإذَا ﻛُﻨ ُ ْ ِﰲ اﻟﻔُﻠ‬
ٍ ‫ﻚ وﺟﺮ ْﻳﻦ ِ ِ ﻢ ِﺑ ِﺮ‬
ِ َ ّ ‫ﻫﻮ‬
ِ
َ
َ َ ِّ َ ِ ُ ُ ّ ِ َ ُ
َ َ َ َ
َُ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ٌ
ْ
ٌ
‫ﻃﻴﺒ ٍﺔ وﻓﺮﺣﻮا ﺎ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﺎﺻﻒ وﺟﺎء اﻟﻤﻮ‬
ِ ‫ﺟﺎء ﺎ ِرﻳﺢ َﻋ‬
َ ‫ج ِﻣﻦ ﻛُ ّ ِﻞ َﻣ‬
ٍ ‫ﻜ‬
ُ َ ُُ َ َ
َ َ َ ِ ُ ِ َ َ َ ِّ َ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻦ أﻧﺠ ْﻴﺘﻨﺎ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﻮا أ ْﻢ أﺣﻴﻂ ْﻢ دﻋﻮ ْا اﷲ ﻣ ْﺨﻠﺼﲔ ﻪﻟ اﺪﻟﻳﻦ ﻟ‬
‫ـﺬ ِه‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﻦ‬
ِ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ّ ِ ُ َ َ ِ ِ ُ َ ّ ُ َ َ ِ ِ َ ِ ُ َ ّ َ ُ ّ ‫ﻇﻨ‬
َ ‫َو‬
َ
ُ
 ‫ﻛ ِﺮﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻜﻮﻧﻦ ِﻣ‬
ُ َ‫ﻟَﻨ‬
ِ ‫اﻟﺸﺎ‬
َّ ‫ﻦ‬
َ
َ ِّ َ

52:18,19

2:257

30:34 

19:88,89

30:38 

10:22 

7.

35. "This, because ye used to take the Signs of Allah In jest,
and the life of the world deceived you:" (From) that Day,
Therefore, They shall not be taken out thence, nor shall They
be received into grace.

8.

10. He created the heavens without any pillars that ye can
see; He set on the earth mountains standing firm, Lest it
should shake with you; and He scattered through it beasts of
all kinds. we send down rain from the sky, and produce on
the earth every kind of noble creature, In pairs.

9.

13. and the unbelievers said to their apostles: "Be sure we
shall drive you out of Our land, or ye shall return to Our
religion." but their Lord inspired (this message) to them:
"Verily we shall cause the wrong-doers to perish!

10. 14. knoweth He not that Allah doth see?
15. let Him beware! if He desist not, we will drag Him by the
forelock,11. 9. it is Allah who Sends forth the winds, so that They raise up
the clouds, and we drive them to a land that is dead, and
revive the earth therewith after its death: Even so (will be) the
Resurrection!
12. 1. (Inevitable) cometh (to pass) the command of Allah. seek
ye then to hasten it: glory to him, and far is He above having
the partners They ascribe Him!
2. He doth send down His angels with inspiration of His
command, to such of His servants As He pleaseth, (Saying):
"Warn (man) that there is no god but I: so do your duty
unto Me."
13. 54. it is your Lord that knoweth you best: if He please, He
Granteth you Mercy, or if He please, punishment: we have
not sent Thee to be a disposer of their affairs for them.

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ً
‫اﺪﻟﻧﻴﺎ‬
‫ﻫﺰوا و َ َ ﺗﻜﻢ اﻟﺤﻴﺎة‬
‫ﻜﻢ ِﺑﺄ َ ّﻧَﻜﻢ اﺗﺨﺬ آﻳﺎت اﷲ‬
ِ‫ذَﻟ‬
ُ
ّ َ
ُ ُ ِ َّ ِ َ ُ َ َّ ُ ُ
َ ُّ ُ َ َ ُ ُ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
 ‫ﻓَﺎﻟﻴ ْﻮم َﻻ ﻳﺨﺮﺟﻮن ِﻣ ﺎ و َﻻ ُ ْ ُ ْﺴﺘﻌﺘﺒﻮن‬
َ ُ َ َ
َ َ َ ُ َ ُ َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﺧﻠﻖ اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات ﺑﻐ ْﲑ ﻋﻤﺪ ﺗﺮ‬
ْ
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻴﺪ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ر‬
‫ض‬
‫ر‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﰲ‬
َ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ ٍ َ َ ِ َ ِ ِ َ َ َّ َ َ َ
َ َ
َ َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﺑﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻧﺰ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫اﻟﺴﻤﺎء ﻣﺎء ﻓَﺄَﻧﺒﺘﻨَﺎ ﻓِ ﺎ ِﻣﻦ ﻛُ ّ ِﻞ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
ّ
ٍ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
ُ
ّ
ِ
ِ
َ
ّ
َ
َ َ ُ
َ َ ّ َ َ َ َ َ
َ
َ
َ
ْ
    ٍ ‫ﻛ ِﺮ‬
َ ‫َزو ٍج‬
ْ
ْ ‫وا ﻟﺮﺳﻠ ْ ﻟﻨ ْﺨﺮﺟﻨـﻜﻢ ﻣ‬
‫ﻦ أ َ ْر ِﺿﻨَﺂ أ َ ْو ﻟَﺘ ُﻌﻮد ّ َن ِﰲ ِﻣ ّﻠَ ِﺘﻨَﺎ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
ِ َ ّ ‫ﺎل‬
ِّ ُ
َ ‫ﻳﻦ‬
َ ّ َ ِ ُ َ ِ ِ ُ ُ ِ ‫ﻛ َﻔ ُﺮ‬
َ ‫َو َﻗ‬
ُ َ
َ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ ‫ﻓﺄ ْو إﻟ‬
ّ ‫ﻦ اﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻢ‬
 َ‫ﻈَﺎﻟِ ِﻤﲔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
ِ
َ
َ
ُ ُ ُّ َ ِ َ ِ َ َ َ
َّ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﺎﺻﻴ ِﺔ‬
*  ‫اﷲ ﻳﺮى‬
‫أَﻟَ ْﻢ ﻳﻌﻠَ ْﻢ ِﺑﺄ َ ّ َن‬
ِ َ ّ‫ﻛﻼ ﻟَ ِ ﻦ ﻟَ ْﻢ َﻳﻨ َﺘ ِﻪ ﻟَ َﺴ َﻔ ًﻌﺎ ِﺑﺎﻟﻨ‬
َ
َ
ّ
َ
َ
َ ََ
ْ ‫اﺬﻟي أ ْرﺳﻞ اﻟﺮﻳﺎح ﻓﺘﺜﲑ ﺳﺤﺎ ًﺑﺎ ﻓﺴ ْﻘﻨﺎه إ ﺑﺪﻠ ﻣﻴﺖ ﻓﺄ‬
َ ّ ‫واﷲ‬
‫ﺣﻴ ْﻴﻨَﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ‬
ٍ
ٍ
َ َ ُ ِ ُ َ َ َ ّ ِ َ َ َ ِ ُ َّ َ
َ َ َ ِّ َ َ َ َ ِ ُ َ ُ َ
ْ
ْ ‫اﻷرض ﺑ ْﻌﺪ ﻣ‬
 ‫ﺸﻮر‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻮ‬
ِ
ِ
ُ
َ
َ
ّ
َ
ُ ُ
َ َ َ َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫أ أ ْﻣﺮ اﷲ ﻓﻼ ْﺴﺘ ْﻌﺠﻠﻮه ﺳ‬
(
١
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻜ َﺔ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
)
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻛ‬
َ ِ َ ُ ّ ِ َ ُ َ ُ ِ ُ ‫ﺎﻧﻪ ُ َو َﺗ َﻌﺎ َ َﻋ ّ َﻤﺎ‬
َ َ ُ ُ ُ ِ َ َ َ ِ َّ ُ َ َ َ
ْ ْ
ْ ‫ﻦ ﺸﺎء ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ أ ْﻣﺮه ﻋ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫وح ﻣ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻘُﻮ ِن‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻪﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫وا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻋﺒﺎ ِد ِه أَن أ‬
‫ﺑ‬
ِ
ِ ِ ‫ﺎﻟﺮ‬
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َّ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ ُ َّ
ِ
َ
َ
ُّ ِ
ُ
َ َ
ُ
َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫رﺑﻜ ْﻢ أ ْﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﻜ‬
ْ
‫ﻜﻢ أَو ِإن َ َﺸﺄ ﻳﻌ ِّﺬﺑ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺸ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻜﻢ وﻣﺎ‬
ِ
ِ ُ َ َ ُ
َ
ُ
ُ
ُ
ُ ّ َّ
َ َ َ
َُ
َ َ
ً ‫أ ْرﺳ ْﻠﻨﺎك ﻋﻠ ْ ْﻢ وﻛﻴﻼ‬
ِ َ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ

45:35 

31:10

14:13 

96:14,15 

35:9 

16:1,2 

17:54 

 

Sentence Structure 

 

5.1     The same, or amost the same?
• Establish the prayer 
• Enjoin the good 
• Forbid the evil 
• Be patient over whatever befalls you 
Emphatic ending
• You will be tested in terms of your wealth and people 
• You will hear hurtful things  
• If you nonetheless persevere and remain conscious of Allah 
More emphatic ending

• And whomsoever exhibited persevering restraint and forgave 
Most emphatic ending

5.02    Different word forms for grief and fear

ْ
ْ ْ ْ ْ
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻳﺎ ﺑﻨﻲ أ َ ِﻗﻢ اﻟﺼﻼة وأﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﻤ‬
ِ
ِ ‫وف َواﻧ َﻪ َﻋ‬
ُ َ ِ ُ َ َ َ َّ ِ َّ َ ُ َ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ‫ﱪ ﻋ ﻣﺎ أﺻﺎﺑﻚ إن ذﻟﻚ ﻣ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋ ْﺰ ِم‬
‫اﺻ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻨﻜ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
َ ِ َ ِ َ َّ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ
َ َِ ُ
ْ
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻮر‬
‫ﻣ‬
ُ
ِ ُ  
‫ﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ وأَﻧﻔُ ِﺴ‬
‫ﻟَﺘ ُ ْﺒ َﻠﻮ ّ َن ِﰲ أ َ ْﻣﻮاﻟ‬
ِ
ُ
ُ
َ
ُ
َ
ْ ْ
َ ّ ‫وﻟَ َ ْﺴﻤﻌﻦ ِﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻜﺘﺎب ِﻣﻦ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ أُوﺗُﻮا اﻟ‬
ِ
ِ
َ َ
َ
َ
َ َّ ُ َ
ْ
ً ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ أ ْﺷﺮﻛﻮا أذ‬
‫ﻛ ِﺜﲑًا و ِإن‬
‫ى‬
‫َﻗ ْﺒ ِﻠ‬
ِ َ ّ ‫ﻜ ْﻢ و ِﻣﻦ‬
َ
َ
ُ
َ
ُ
َ
َ َ
َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻦﻋ‬
ْ ‫وا وﺗﺘﻘﻮا ﻓﺈن ذﻟﻚ ﻣ‬
‫ﻮر‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫م‬
‫ﺰ‬
ِ ُ ُ ِ َ ِ َ ِ َ َ ّ ِ َ ُ َ ّ َ َ ُ ‫ َﺗﺼ ِﱪ‬ 
ْ ْ ْ
‫ﻮر‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
ُ
ِ ُ ‫ﻚ ﻟَ ِﻤﻦ َﻋﺰ ِم‬
َ ِ‫ﱪ َو َﻏ َﻔ َﺮ ِإ ّ َن ذَﻟ‬
َ َ ‫َوﻟَ َﻤﻦ َﺻ‬

Leaning towards this world :   
2:38, 3:170,  5:69, 6:48, 7:35, 10:62, 46:13 
Leaning towards the next:   
2:62, 2:112, 2:262, 2:274, 2:277,  

5.03    The use of the pronoun & tense variation  in Ibrahim AS’s monologue 
 

ٌ
ْ
‫ﻻﺧ ْﻮف ﻋﻠَ ْ ِ ْﻢ وﻻ ُ ْ ﻳﺤﺰﻧ ُ ْﻮن‬
َ
َ
َ َ َ
َ

ْ
   ‫ﻳﻦ‬
ِ َّ
ِ ‫ﺧ َﻠ َﻘﻨِﻲ ﻓَ ُﻬ َﻮ َ ِﺪ‬
َ ‫اﺬﻟي‬
ْ
ْ ‫اﺬﻟي ﻫﻮ ﻳﻄﻌﻤﻨﻲ و‬
   ‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺴ‬
ِ ِ َ َ ِ ُ ِ ُ َ ُ ِ َ ّ ‫َو‬

31:17

3:186

42:43

39:66 

26: 
78‐81  
 

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ﺸ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﲔ‪   ‬‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َو ِإذَا َﻣ ِﺮ ُ َ ُ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫و َّ‬
‫ﲔ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﺬﻟي ﻳﻤﻴﺘﻨﻲ ﻳ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ِ ُ ِ ُ ِ ُ َّ ُ‬
‫‪21: ‬‬
‫‪46  ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫وﻟ ﻦ ﻣﺴ ْ ْﻢ ﻧ ْﻔﺤ ٌﺔ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫اب‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻦ ﻳﺎ‬
‫ﻮﻟ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ ِ ّ َ ّ َ ُ َ َ ّ َ َ ِ َ ِّ َ َ َ ُ ُ ّ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻤﲔ‪ ‬‬
‫َوﻳ َﻠﻨَﺎ ِإ ّﻧَﺎ ﻛُﻨَّﺎ َ‬
‫ﻇﺎﻟِ ِ َ‬

‫‪Degrees of Emphasis & De‐Emphasis‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪A Change in Sentence Component Sequence To Deliver A Special Message‬‬

‫‪2: ‬‬
‫‪257  ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪2:136 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ّ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ آﻣﻨﻮا ﻳ‬
‫اﷲ ُو ِ ّ ُ ّ َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َِ‬
‫َُ‬
‫َّ َ‬
‫َ َ ُ ُ ِ ُ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻮت‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﻮر و ّ َ ِ‬
‫ﻳﻦ َ‬
‫َﺎﻏ ُ‬
‫ﻛ َﻔ ُﺮوا أَوﻟِ َﻴ ُ‬
‫ﺎؤ ُ ُ اﻟﻄّ ُ‬
‫ُّ ِ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻳ ْﺨﺮﺟﻮ ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫وﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮر‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ ِ ُ َُ‬
‫أ ْﺻﺤﺎب اﻟﻨﺎر ْ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎﺪﻟون‬
‫ﺧ ُِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ ُ َّ ِ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻗُﻮﻟُﻮا‬
‫ﺎﷲِ َو َﻣﺎ أُﻧ ِﺰ َل ِإﻟَﻴﻨَﺎ َو َﻣﺎ أُﻧ ِﺰ َل ِإ َ‬
‫آﻣﻨَّﺎ ِﺑ ّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫إ ْﺑﺮاﻫ وإ ْ ﺎﻋﻴﻞ وإ ْ‬
‫ﺎق وﻳﻌ ُﻘﻮب‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫َ ِ َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َواﻷﺳﺒ ِ‬
‫ﺎط َو َﻣﺎ أُو ِ َ ﻣُﻮ َ َو ِﻋ َﺴﻰ َو َﻣﺎ أُو َِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﻟﻨﺒﻴﻮن ﻣ ْ‬
‫ق ﺑﲔَ أَﺣ ٍﺪ ِﻣ ُ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻦ ر ِّ ِ ْﻢ ﻻ ﻧ ُ َﻔ ِﺮ‬
‫َّ ِ ّ ُ َ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫و َﻧﺤﻦ َﻪﻟ ﻣ ْﺴ ِﻠ ُﻤﻮن )‪(١٣٦‬‬
‫ُ ُ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪5.04 ‬‬

‫‪5.05 ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪Similar Sentences, varying prepositions‬‬

‫‪5.06 ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻗُﻞ‬
‫ﺎﷲِ َو َﻣﺎ أُﻧ ِﺰ َل َﻋ َﻠﻴﻨَﺎ َو َﻣﺎ أُﻧ ِﺰ َل َﻋ َ‬
‫آﻣﻨَّﺎ ِﺑ ّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫إ ْﺑﺮاﻫ وإ ْ ﺎﻋﻴﻞ وإ ْ‬
‫ﺎق وﻳﻌ ُﻘﻮب‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫َ ِ َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫و ْ‬
‫اﻷﺳﺒ‬
‫ﺎط وﻣﺎ أُو ِ ﻣﻮ و ِﻋ ﺴﻰ واﻟﻨّ َ ِﺒ ّﻴُﻮن‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻣ ْ‬
‫ق ﺑﲔَ أَﺣ ٍﺪ ِﻣ ُ ْﻢ و َﻧﺤﻦ َﻪﻟ‬
‫ﻦ ر ِّ ِ ْﻢ ﻻ ﻧ ُ َﻔ ِﺮ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ ُ‬
‫ّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻣ ْﺴ ِﻠ ُﻤﻮن )‪(٨٤‬‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪3:84 ‬‬

‫‪72:10 ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪14:24 ‬‬
‫‪22:73 ‬‬
‫‪1:7 ‬‬

‫‪17:83 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫وأﻧﺎ ﻻ ﻧ ْﺪري أﺷ ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ر‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻷر ِض أَم أَراد‬
‫ﻳﺪ ِﺑﻤﻦ ِﰲ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َّ َ َ ِ َ َ ّ ِ َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ِ ِ ْﻢ ر ّ ُ ْﻢ ر َﺷ ًﺪا‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َﺿﺮب اﷲ ﻣﺜَﻼ ً ‪ ‬‬
‫َ َ َُ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻳﺂ أ َ ّ ُ ﺎ اﻟﻨﺎس‬
‫ﺿ ِﺮب ﻣﺜَﻞ ‪ ‬‬
‫ّ ُ ُ َ َ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻮب‬
‫ﻀ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫اط ّ َ ِ‬
‫ِﺻﺮ َ‬
‫ﲑ اﻟ َﻤ ُ ِ‬
‫ﻳﻦ أَﻧ َﻌ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻋﻠ ْ ْ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻟﻀ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ِ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﺎن أ َ ض و َﻧﺄَى ِﺑﺠﺎ ِﻧ ِﺒ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫و ِإذَا أَﻧﻌﻤﻨَﺎ ﻋ َ اﻹ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ً‬
‫وإذا ﻣﺴﻪ اﻟ‬
‫ﻛﺎن ﻳ ُﺆوﺳﺎ‪   ‬‬
‫َ ِ َ َ َّ ُ َّ ّ ُ َ َ َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪Active vs. Passive ‬‬

‫‪5.07 ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪Allah struck an example… ‬‬
‫‪For similar texts, also see 16:75, 30:28, 39:29, 66:10, 16:76, 16:112, 66:11,  ‬‬
‫‪People! An example has been struck… ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪5.08  A Shift in the Subject of the Verb‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪12:4 ‬‬

‫‪37:102 ‬‬
‫‪31:13 ‬‬

‫‪4:92 ‬‬
‫‪4:93 ‬‬

‫‪3:25 ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪39:70 ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪2:281 ‬‬

‫إ ْذ ﻗﺎل ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﻷﺑﻴﻪ ﻳﺎ أﺑﺖ إ رأ ْﻳﺖ أﺣﺪ ﻋ ﻛ ْ‬
‫ﻛ ًﺒﺎ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ِ َ َ ُ ُ ُ ِ َ ِ ِ َ َ ِ ِِّ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫واﻟﺸ ْﻤﺲ واﻟْﻘﻤﺮ رأ ْﻳ ْ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ِﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫َ َّ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ ِ َ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻗﺎل ﻳﺎ ﺑﻨ‬
‫ﻲ ِإ ِ ّ أَرى ِﰲ اﻟ َﻤﻨَ ِ‬
‫ﺤ َ‬
‫ﺎم أ َ ِ ّ أَذ َﺑ ُ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َ َّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻜﺮ ِ ّ َﷲِ وﻣﻦ َﺸ‬
‫آﺗ ْﻴﻨَﺎ ﻟُﻘﻤﺎن اﻟ ِﺤﻜﻤ َﺔ أ َ ِن اﺷ‬
‫ﻜﺮ ﻓَ ِﺈ ّﻧَﻤﺎ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َوﻟَ َﻘ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻦ ﻛﻔﺮ ﻓﺈن اﷲ ﻏﻨ ٌ‬
‫ْﺸﻜﺮ ﻟﻨ ْﻔﺴﻪ وﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻲ َ ِﻴﺪ‬
‫َ ُ ُ ِ َ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َّ َّ َ َ ِ ّ‬
‫وﻣﻦ ﻗﺘ َﻞ ﻣ ْﺆ ِﻣﻨ ً‬
‫ﺧﻄَ ًﺌﺎ‪   ‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ََ ُ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫ْ‬
‫وﻣﻦ ﻳ ْﻘﺘﻞ ﻣ ْﺆ ِﻣﻨًﺎ ﻣﺘﻌ ِﻤ ً‬
‫ﺪا‪ ‬‬
‫ُّ َ َ ّ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻴ‬
‫ﻻَ ر ْﻳﺐ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ ووﻓِّﻴﺖ ﻛُ ّ ُﻞ َﻧﻔ ٍﺲ ّ َﻣﺎ‬
‫ﻒ ِإذَا َ ﻌﻨَﺎ ُ ْ ﻟِﻴ ْﻮ ٍم ّ‬
‫ﻓَ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺖو ْ‬
‫ﻻ ﻳﻈ َﻠ ُﻤﻮن‪ ‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺒ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ ُ َ ُ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻫﻮ أَﻋﻠَﻢ ِﺑﻤﺎ ﻳﻔﻌﻠُﻮن‪ ‬‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫وو ِﻓّﻴ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َّ َ َ َ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻮا ﻳ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫اﷲِ ُ ﺗُﻮ ّ َﰱ ﻛُ ّ ُﻞ َﻧﻔ ٍﺲ ّ َﻣﺎ‬
‫واﺗﻘ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ُ َ ُ َ ِ ِ‬
‫َ َّ ُ َ‬
‫ِ َ ّ َّ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺖو ْ‬
‫ﻻ ﻳﻈ َﻠ ُﻤﻮن‪ ‬‬
‫ﻛﺴﺒ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬

‫‪5.09  Changes in Tense ‬‬
‫‪I saw (in a dream)… ‬‬

‫‪No doubt, I see in a dream… ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪3:161 ‬‬

‫‪2:177 ‬‬

‫‪6:95 ‬‬

‫‪3:26 ‬‬

‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ت ِﺑﻤﺎ َﻏ ّ َﻞ ﻳﻮم اﻟ ِﻘﻴﺎﻣ ِﺔ‬
‫وﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن ﻟﻨﺒﻲ أن ﻳﻐﻞ وﻣﻦ ﻳﻐﻠﻞ ﻳﺄ‬
‫َ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ ٍّ َ َ ُ ّ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺖو ْ‬
‫ﻻ ﻳﻈ َﻠ ُﻤﻮن‪ ‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ُ ﺗُﻮ ّ َﰱ ﻛُ ّ ُﻞ َﻧ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ُ‬
‫َّ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻟ ْﺲ اﻟْﱪ أ ْن ﺗﻮﻟُّﻮا وﺟﻮﻫﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ق‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ب‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ َّ َ‬
‫َ َ َ ِ ِ َ َ ِ ِ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ ُ َ‬
‫َّ‬
‫َُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﷲِ واﻟﻴﻮ ِم اﻵﺧﺮ واﻟﻤﻼ‬
‫ﱪ ﻣﻦ آﻣﻦ ﺑ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻜ ِﺔ واﻟ ِ‬
‫ﻜ َﺘ ِ‬
‫ﺎب َواﻟﻨّ َ ِﺒ ِ ّﻴﲔَ‬
‫ِ َّ َ‬
‫ِِ َ َ ِ َ َ‬
‫َ َ ِ َّ َ َ‬
‫وآ اﻟْﻤﺎل ﻋ ﺣﺒﻪ ذوي اﻟْﻘ ْﺮﻰﺑ واﻟْﻴﺘﺎﻣﻰ واﻟْﻤﺴﺎﻛﲔ و ْ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ِّ ِ َ ِ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َّ ِ ِ‬
‫واﻟﺴﺎ ِﻠﲔ وﰲ اﻟﺮﻗﺎب وأﻗﺎم اﻟﺼﻼة وآ اﻟﺰﻛﺎة واﻟْﻤﻮﻓﻮن ﺑﻌ ْﻬ ِﺪ ِ ْ‬
‫َ َّ ِ َ َ ِ ِ ّ َ ِ َ َ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َّ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ ِ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫إذا ﻋﺎﻫﺪوا واﻟﺼﺎﺑﺮ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫اﻟﻀ ّ َﺮا ِء َو ِ‬
‫ﻳﻦ ِﰲ اﻟ َﺒﺄ َﺳﺎ ِء َو ّ َ‬
‫ﺣﲔَ اﻟ َﺒﺄ ِس أُوﻟَ ِ َ‬
‫ِ َ َ َ ُ َ َّ ِ ِ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﺻﺪﻗﻮا وأُوﻟ‬
‫ﻚ ُ اﻟ ُﻤ ّ َﺘ ُﻘﻮن‬
‫َّ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َ َِ َ ُ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫إن اﷲ ﻓﺎﻟﻖ اﻟ‬
‫ﺐ واﻟﻨَّﻮى ﻳﺨ ِﺮج اﻟ َ ّ َ ِﻣﻦ اﻟﻤ ِ ّﻴ‬
‫ﺖ ِﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺖ وﻣﺨ ِﺮ‬
‫ج اﻟ َﻤ ِ ّﻴ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫ِ َّ َّ َ َ ِ ُ َ ِّ َ َ ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻜﻮن )‪(٩٥‬‬
‫اﻟ َ ّ ذَﻟِﻜﻢ اﷲ ﻓﺄ ﺗﺆﻓ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ ُ َّ ُ َ َ َّ ُ َ ُ َ‬
‫ﻦ ﺸﺎء وﺗﻨْﺰع اﻟْﻤ ْﻠﻚ ﻣﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻗﻞ اﻟﻠ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ اﻟْﻤ ْﻠﻚ ﺗ ْﺆ اﻟْﻤ ْﻠﻚ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺸﺎء‬
‫ُ ِ َّ ُ َّ َ ِ َ ُ ِ ُ ِ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ ُ ُ َ ِ َّ َ َ ُ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﺸﺎء وﺗﺬل ﻣ ْ‬
‫وﺗﻌﺰ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ َﺸﺎء ِﺑﻴ ِﺪك اﻟﺨﲑ ِإﻧَﻚ ﻋ َ ﻛُ ّﻞ ْ ٍء ﻗ ِﺪ ٌ‬
‫ﻳﺮ )‪(٢٦‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ َ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ ُ ُّ َ َ ُ َ ُ َ َ ُ َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪5.10  A Stunning Example of Sentence Structure‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪5.11  Verbs vs. Nouns ‬‬
‫‪Allah speaks of Himself ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪7:193 ‬‬

‫‪8:33 ‬‬
‫‪28:59 ‬‬
‫‪104 ‬‬

‫‪14:27 ‬‬
‫‪25:31 ‬‬
‫‪5:16 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫وإ ْن ﺗ ْﺪﻋﻮ ْ إ اﻬﻟﺪى ﻻ ﻳﺘﺒﻌﻮﻛ ْﻢ ﺳﻮاءٌ ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻜ ْﻢ أدﻋ ْﻮﺗﻤﻮ ْ أمْ‬
‫ُ ََ َ ُ ُ ُ َ‬
‫َ ِ َ ُ ُ َِ‬
‫َ َّ ِ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫أَﻧ ُ ْ ﺻﺎ ِﻣﺘُﻮن )‪(١٩٣‬‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫وﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن اﷲ ﻟِﻴﻌ ِّﺬ ْﻢ وأ ْﻧﺖ ﻓ ْ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫اﷲ ﻣﻌ ِّﺬ ْﻢ و ُ ْ َ ْﺴﺘﻐ ِﻔﺮون‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َّ ُ ُ َ َ ُ َ َ َ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ َّ ُ ُ َ َ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻇﺎﻟِ ُﻤﻮن‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
‫ى‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫وﻣﺎ ﻛﻨﺎ ﻣ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َُ‬
‫َُ‬
‫َ َ ُ َّ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻗ ْﻞ ﻳﺎ أ ﺎ اﻟْﻜﺎﻓﺮون )‪(١‬ﻻ أ ْﻋﺒﺪ ﻣﺎ ﺗ ْﻌﺒﺪون )‪(٢‬وﻻ أ ْﻧ ْ‬
‫ﺪون ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ِ ُ َ‬
‫َ ُ ُ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ َ ُ َ ِ ُ َ َ‬
‫ُ َ ُّ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫أ ْﻋﺒﺪ )‪(٣‬وﻻ أﻧﺎ ﻋﺎﺑ ٌﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻋﺒ ْﺪ ْ )‪(٤‬وﻻ أ ْﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٥‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ون‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ ِ ُ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ ُ َ ََ َ ِ َ َ َ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻜﻢ َو ِ َ ِد ِ‬
‫ِدﻳﻨ ُ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﺪﻟﻧﻴﺎ و ِﰲ‬
‫اﻵﺧﺮ ِة‬
‫ﺖ ِﰲ اﻟﺤﻴﺎ ِة‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫اﷲ ُ ّ َ ِ‬
‫ﺎﺑ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫آﻣﻨُﻮا ِﺑﺎﻟ َﻘﻮ ِل اﻟﺜّ َ ِ‬
‫ﺖ َّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻳُﺜَ ِّﺒ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﷲ اﻟ ّ‬
‫وﻳﻀ ُﻞ‬
‫اﷲ ﻣﺎ َ َﺸﺎء )‪(٢٧‬‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻈَﺎﻟﻤﲔ وﻳ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ ِ ّ َّ ُ‬
‫ِ ِ َ َ َ َ َّ ُ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫وﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬
‫ﻚ َﻫﺎ ِد ًﻳﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﺟ َﻌ َ ِ‬
‫ُ ِ َ ِ ٍّ َ ُ ّ ِ َ ُ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ِّ َ‬
‫َ َ َِ َ َ‬
‫و َﻧ ِﺼﲑًا )‪  (٣١‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻼم‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫اﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻊ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﺗ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ ُ ُ ُ‬
‫َُ‬
‫ََ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اط ﻣ ْﺴﺘ ِﻘ ٍ )‪  (١٦‬‬
‫ﻮر ِﺑ ِﺈذ ِﻧ ِﻪ و ْ ِﺪ ِ ْﻢ ِإ َ ِﺻﺮ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫اﻟﻨّ ُ ِ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪Word Forms for Guidance vs. Misguidance  ‬‬

‫‪5.12  Powerful Implications of Word Declinations‬‬
‫‪51:24,25 ‬‬

‫‪104:1‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺧﻠُﻮا ﻋ َﻠﻴ ِﻪ ﻓ َ َﻘﺎﻟُﻮا‬
‫ﻫﻞ أﺗﺎك‬
‫ﻳﺚ َﺿﻴ ِﻒ ِإﺑﺮ ِ‬
‫ﺣ ِﺪ ُ‬
‫اﻫ َ اﻟ ُﻤﻜ َﺮ ِﻣﲔَ )‪ِ (٢٤‬إذ َد َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ََ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ٌ ْ ٌ ْ‬
‫ﺳﻼ ًﻣﺎ ﻗ‬
‫ﻜﺮون )‪(٢٥‬‬
‫ﺎل ﺳﻼم َﻗﻮم ﻣﻨ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ ٌ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫وﻳ‬
‫ﻫﻤﺰ ٍة ﻟُﻤﺰ ٍة )‪(١‬‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ ِ ُ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻮف ﻋﻠَ ْ ِ ْﻢ ‪ ,‬ﻻﺑ ْﻴ ٌﻊ ﻓِ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬ﻻ ﺧُ ّ َﺔﻠ ‪ ,‬ﻻ َﺷﻔﺎﻋﺔ‬
‫ﻻ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٰ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺧﺮ ِة‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻦ ‪ ,‬ﻻ ِإﻪﻟ ِإ ّﻻ اﷲ ‪ ,‬ﻻ‬
‫اﺪﻟﻳ‬
‫ﻻ ر ْﻳﺐ ﻓِ ْﻴ ِﻪ ‪ ,‬ﻻ ِإﻛﺮاه ﰲ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻼق ﻟَ ِﰲ اﻵ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪The use of waylun instead of waylan ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪5.12  Two prayers of Ibrahim (AS) ‬‬
‫‪2:126 ‬‬

‫‪14:35 ‬‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫وإ ْذ ﻗﺎل إ ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ً‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫آ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪﻠ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫اﻫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟﺜ‬
‫ﻪﻠ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ق‬
‫ز‬
‫ار‬
‫و‬
‫ب‬
‫ر‬
‫َّ َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ ِ َ ِ ُ َ ِّ‬
‫َ ُ َ َُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ آﻣﻦ ﻣ ْ ْﻢ ﺑﺎﷲ واﻟْﻴ ْﻮم اﻵﺧﺮ ﻗﺎل وﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻴﻼ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ ُ‬
‫َ َ ُ‬
‫ُ َّ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫إ‬
‫اب اﻟﻨَّﺎ ِر و ِﺑﺌﺲ اﻟﻤ ِﺼﲑ ُ)‪(١٢٦‬‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫أَ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُّ ُ ِ َ َ َ ِ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫وإ ْذ ﻗﺎل إ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫اﻫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺪﻠ آ ِﻣﻨﺎ واﺟﻨُﺒﻨِﻲ وﺑﻨِﻲ أَن َﻧﻌﺒ َﺪ‬
‫ب اﺟﻌﻞ َﻫ َﺬا اﻟﺒ‬
‫ر‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َ ِّ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﻷﺻﻨَﺎم )‪(٣٥‬‬
‫َ‬

‫‪Make this a peaceful city… ‬‬

‫‪Make this city peaceful… ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

 

Sequence in Qur’anic Discourse 
 

6.1     Sequence Bearing a Grammatical Function
You, we worship & you we ask for aide. Guide us. 
You we worship
Rather Allah, worship! And be from the grateful 
And be grateful to Allah (all of you) if He you have all been 
worshipping.
And upon Allah the trusting should place their trust. 
Upon Him I place my trust and to Him do I return
Upon Allah we place our trust 
Say, He is Al‐Rahmaan. We believe in Him and upon Him we 
place our trust 
To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens & whatever is in the 
earth. 
Know! To Allah all matters return! 
Certainly to Us is their return
Then for sure up to us is their audit. 
Say, I have been commanded that I worship Allah and not 
associate with Him.  To Him I call and to Him is my place of 
return! 
To your lord, on that day is the drive 

ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﺪ و ِإ ّﻳ‬
‫إﻳﺎك َﻧﻌﺒ‬
‫ﺎك َ ْﺴﺘ ِﻌﲔ ُ ِاﻫ ِﺪﻧﺎ‬
َ
ُ
َ
َ ُ َ
ْ
ْ ‫ﺎﻋﺒ ْﺪ وﻛ‬
‫ﻛ ِﺮﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻣﻦ‬
ِ ‫اﻟﺸﺎ‬
َ
ّ
ُ َ ُ َ ‫اﷲَ ﻓ‬
َ ّ ‫َﺑ ِﻞ‬
َ
َ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ‫اﺷﻜﺮوا ِﷲ إ ْن ﻛﻨ‬
  ‫ﺪون‬
‫ﺎه‬
‫و‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫إ‬
ُ
ِ
ُ
ِ
ِ
َّ ُ
َ ُ ُ َ ُ َّ ُ
َ
ْ
ْ
‫ﻛﻠُﻮن‬
‫وﻋ اﷲ ﻓﻠﻴﺘﻮﻛﻞ اﻟﻤﺘﻮ‬
َ ِ ّ َ َ ُ ِ َّ َ َ َ َ ِ َّ َ َ َ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻋﻠ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
  ‫ﺖ و ِإﻟَ ْﻴ ِﻪ أ ُ ِﻧﻴﺐ‬
َ
ّ
ِ
َ ُ
ُ
ََ َ َ
ْ
‫ﻛﻠﻨﺎ‬
‫ﻋ‬
َ ّ ‫اﷲِ َﺗﻮ‬
َ ّ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﻫﻮ‬
‫ﻛﻠﻨَﺎ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻗ‬
َ ّ ‫اﻟﺮ ﻦ آﻣﻨَّﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ و َﻋ َﻠﻴ ِﻪ َﺗﻮ‬
َ ُ َ َّ َ ُ ُ
َ
َ
ْ ‫ﻪﻟ ﻣﺎ ﰲ اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات وﻣﺎ ﰲ‬
‫اﷲِ َﺗ ِﺼﲑ ُاﻷﻣﻮر‬
‫اﻷر ِض أَﻻ ِإ‬
َ
ِ َ َ ِ َ َ َّ ِ َ ُ َ
َ
ّ
ُ ُ

  ‫ِإ ّ َن ِإﻟَ ْﻴﻨَﺎ ِإﻳﺎ ْﻢ‬
ُ َ َ
‫ﺣﺴﺎ ْﻢ‬
‫ُ ِإ ّ َن ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴﻨَﺎ‬
ِ
َ َّ
ُ َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﺂب‬
ِ ‫ﻋﻮ َو ِإﻟَﻴ ِﻪ َﻣ‬
َ ّ ‫ت أَن أَﻋﺒ ُ َﺪ‬
ُ ‫ﻗُﻞ ِإ ّﻧَ َﻤﺎ أ ُ ِﻣﺮ‬
ُ ‫اﷲَ َوﻻ أُﺷ ِﺮ َك ِﺑ ِﻪ ِإﻟَﻴ ِﻪ أَد‬
ْ
ْ
‫ﺎق‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻤ‬
َ ‫ِإ َ َر ِّﺑ‬
ُ َ َ ‫ﻚ َﻳﻮ َﻣ ِ ٍﺬ اﻟ‬

1:4,5
39:66 
2:172
14:12 
11:88
7:89 
67:29 
42:53 

88:25
88:26 
13:36 

75:30 

ْ ‫إ اﷲِ ﻣ‬
ٌ ‫ﺟﻌﻜ ْﻢ وﻫﻮ ﻋ َ ﻛُ ّﻞ ْ ٍء ﻗ ِﺪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
(٤) ‫ﻳﺮ‬
ِ
ُ
َ َ ِ
ُ
ُ
َ َ َ
َ َّ َ ِ
ْ ‫اﻷرض وإﻟ ْﻴﻪ ﻳ ْﺮﺟﻊ‬
ْ ‫و ِﷲ ﻏ ْﻴﺐ اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات و‬
‫اﻷﻣﺮ ﻛُ ّ ُﻪﻠ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ُ َ ُ
ُ ُ
َ
َ ِ َ َ َّ ُ َ ِ َّ َ
ٌ
ْ
‫اﺟ ُﻌﻮن‬
ِ ‫ﻛُ ّﻞ ِإﻟَﻴﻨَﺎ َر‬
َ
ْ
ْ ‫إﻟ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋ ِﺔ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
ِ
ِ
َ َّ ُ ُ ّ َ ُ َ ِ
ْ
ْ
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫اﻟﺴﺎﻋ ِﺔ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫إن اﷲ ﻋﻨ‬
ِ
َ َّ ُ ُ َ ِ َ َّ َّ ِ
ْ
ْ ‫وﻋﻨْﺪه ﻣﻔﺎﺗﺢ اﻟْﻐ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻫﻮ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻻ‬
ِ
ِ َ
َُ ِ َُ َ َ ِ َ ُ َ َُ َ

To Allah is your place of return and He, over all things, is in 
complete control. 
To Allah belong the unseen of the heavens & the earth and to 
Him the matter is returned, all of it! 
Every (one & thing) to us return. 
To Him the knowledge of the hour is returned. 
Certainly Allah, with Him is the knowledge of the hour! 
With Him are the keys of the unseen. No one knows them except 
He. 

6.2 

Sequence as a means of highlighting an object

An Nuh We guided much before.  And out of his offspring Daood, 
Sulayman, Ayub, Yusuf, Musa & Haroon! 

ْ ‫ﻦ ﻗ ْﺒﻞ وﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﺣﺎ ﻫﺪ ْﻳﻨﺎ ﻣ‬
ً ‫وﻧﻮ‬
‫ﻦ ذ ُ ِّر ّ َﻳ ِﺘ ِﻪ داود وﺳ َﻠ ْﻴﻤﺎن وأ َ ّ ُﻳﻮب‬
ِ
ُ
َ ِ َ َ َ
ُ َ
َ
َ
َ َ َ ُ َ َ ُ َ

So as for the Orphan, don’t be harsh! 
And as for the The petitioner, then don’t repulse! 

6.3 

Rational Sequence  (gray cells for supporting evidences)

I create the Jinn and mankind for no reason but to worship me. 
Supporting evidence for 51:56 above 
And the Jinn, we created him much before 
Neither drowsiness nor sleep take a hold of him 
And He’s the one who created the night and the day and the sun 
and the moon.   

‫وﻳﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻒ وﻣﻮ و َﻫﺎرون‬
َ ُ
َ َ ُ َ َ ُ ُ َ
ْ
ْ
‫ﻓَﺄ َ ّ َﻣﺎ اﻟﻴ ِﺘ ﻓَﻼ َﺗﻘ َﻬ ْﺮ‬
َ َ
ْ
‫اﻟﺴﺎ ِ َﻞ ﻓَﻼ َﺗ ْﺮ‬
َ ّ ‫َوأ َ ّ َﻣﺎ‬
َ

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫و ﻣ ﺎ ﺧﻠ‬
‫ون‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫و‬
ِ ُ ُ َِ ِ َ
َ َّ ِ ُ َ َ َ َ
ْ ‫واﻟْﺠﺎن ﺧﻠ ْﻘﻨﺎه ﻣ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﺒ ُﻞ‬
ِ َ َ َ َّ َ َ
ُ
ْ
ٌ‫ﻻ ﺗﺄﺧﺬه ِﺳﻨ ٌﺔ وﻻﻧ ْﻮم‬
َ َ َ ُ ُ ُ َ
ْ
ْ
‫و‬
‫اﻟﺸﻤﺲ واﻟ َﻘﻤﺮ‬
‫اﺬﻟي‬
‫ﺧ َﻠ َﻖ اﻟ ّﻠ َ ْﻴ َﻞ واﻟ ّ َ ﺎر و‬
ِ َ ّ ‫ﻫﻮ‬
َ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َُ َ
َ
َ

11:4 
11:123 
21:93 
41:47 
31:34 
6:59 

6:84 

93:9 
93:10 

51:56 
15:24 
2:255 
21:33 

Darkness first, light second. 
And He installed / made shades of darkness & light. 
Authority first, rule second. 
And He is the ultimate authority, the wise/ the perpetual ruler. 
Power first, authority second. 
Certainly Allah is truly immensely powerful, en entity 
commanding authority. 
Power first, authority second. 
And Allah has always been powerful, an entity commanding 
authority. 
And whoever is to obey Allah and the messenger, then those are 
among the ones Allah favored upon from the prophets, the 
relentlessly truthful, the witnesses/ martyrs & the righteous. 
From You and from Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa and Isa the son of 
Maryam. 

And He is the hearing, the seeing. 
40:20, 17:1, 40:56, 76:2  

Also see 

How magnificent His seeing & His hearing 

Our Lord!  We have seen and heard 
 

Those engaged in circumambulation, those in retreat for 
worship, those who bow and those who prostrate 
 

ّ ‫وﺟﻌ َﻞ اﻟ‬
  ‫ﻤﺎت واﻟﻨّ ُ ْﻮر‬
‫ﻈُﻠ‬
َ َ َ
َ ِ ُ
َ
ْ
ْ
‫ﻜ‬
‫وﻫﻮ اﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ اﻟ‬
ِ ‫ﺤ‬
َ ُ َِ َُ َ
ُ
ٌ
‫إن اﷲ ﻟَ َﻘ ِﻮ ّي ﻋ ِﺰ ْﻳ ٌﺰ‬
َ
َ َّ

ً
  ً ‫وﻛﺎن اﷲ َﻗ ِﻮ ّﻳﺎ ﻋ ِﺰ ْﻳﺰا‬
َ
ُ َ
َ

ْ ‫وﻣ‬
ْ ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ أ ْﻧﻌﻢ اﷲ ﻋﻠ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻄ ِﻊ‬
‫ﻦﻳ‬
‫اﷲ و‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
ِ
ِ
َ
ّ
ِ َ َ ُ َ ّ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ّ ‫ﻚ َﻣ َﻊ‬
َ ِ َ‫ﻮل ﻓَﺄُوﻟ‬
َ ‫اﻟﺮ ُﺳ‬
َ ِّ ِ َّ َ
ُ َ َ
َّ َ َ
ُ ّ ‫اﻟﺼ ِّﺪﻳ ِﻘﲔَ َواﻟ‬
َ ّ ‫ﺸ َﻬ َﺪا ِء َو‬
ّ ِ ‫َو‬
َ‫اﻟﺼﺎﻟِ ِﺤﲔ‬
ْ ‫ﻮح وإ‬
ْ ‫وإ ْذ أﺧ ْﺬﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻨﺒﻴﲔ ﻣﻴﺜﺎﻗ ْ وﻣﻨْﻚ وﻣ‬
ٍ
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﻫ وﻣﻮ‬
ُ ِ َ َ ِ َ ُ َ َ ِ َ ِّ ِ َّ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ َ
َ ُ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ
‫ﻦ ﻣ ْﺮ‬
‫و ِﻋ ﺴﻰ ْاﺑ‬
ِ
َ
َ
ََ َ
ْ
‫وﻫﻮ اﻟﺴﻤ‬
ُ ‫ﻴﻊ اﻟ َﺒ ِﺼﲑ‬
ُ ِ َّ َ ُ َ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻗﻞ اﷲ أ ْﻋﻠﻢ ﺑﻤﺎ ﻟﺒﺜﻮا ﻪﻟ ﻏ ْﻴﺐ اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات و‬
‫اﻷر ِض أ َ ْﺑ ِﺼ ْﺮ ِﺑ ِﻪ وأ َ ِ ْﻊ‬
َ
َ ِ َ َ َّ ُ َ ُ َ ُ ِ َ َ ِ ُ َ َ ُ َّ ِ ُ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻦ دوﻧﻪ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻟ ْ ﻣ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫و‬
‫و‬
‫ك ِﰲ ﺣﻜ ِﻤ ِﻪ أَﺣ ًﺪا‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ُ
ُ
ِ
ُ ِ ُ َ َ
ُ
َ
َ ٍّ َ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ‫وﻟ‬
‫ء‬
‫ر‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫وﺳ ِ ِﻋﻨ َﺪ ر ِّ ِ ْﻢ ر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ أ َ ْﺑﺼ ْﺮ َﻧﺎ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ى‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ُ
َ
ُ ُ ُ َ َ ُ
َ
َ
َ َ َ َ
ْ ْ ْ ْ
ْ
ً
‫و َ ِﻌﻨَﺎ ﻓَﺎر‬
(١٢) ‫ﺟﻌﻨَﺎ َﻧﻌﻤﻞ ﺻﺎﻟِﺤﺎ ِإ ّﻧَﺎ ﻣﻮ ِﻗﻨُﻮن‬
ِ
ُ
َ
َ َ
َ
ْ
ْ ‫أ ْن ﻃﻬﺮا ﺑ‬
ّ
‫اﻟﺴﺠﻮ ِد‬
‫ﻊ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫اﻟﺮ‬
‫و‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫َﺎ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻴ‬
ِ
َ
ّ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ َ
ِ
ُ
ُ ّ
ُّ َ َ
َ َ َ
َ َ َ ِّ

6:1 
59:1 
22:40, 
70,  
33:25 

4:69 

33:7 

42:11  
 
18:26 

32:12

2:125 

Make Ruku’, make sajdah, worship your Lord and do good. 

Be subservient before your Lord, make sajdah and make ruku’. 
Then from you there is the disbeliever and from you there is the 
believer. 

Supporting evidence for 64:2 above. 
From among them there’s the one wronging his own self. 
From among them there is the one acting fairly. 
From among them there is the one who is competing in good 
deeds. 

Supporting evidence for 35:32 above 
The male & female thief… 
The adulteress and the adulterer… 

 
 
 

22:77 
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
َ
ّ
‫ﺪوا ر ّ َﺑ‬
‫ﻜﻢ واﻓﻌﻠُﻮا‬
‫ﻛ ُﻌﻮا واﺳﺠﺪوا واﻋﺒ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
ِ ‫ﻳﺎ أ َ ّ ُ ﺎ‬
َ ‫آﻣﻨُﻮا ار‬
َ َ ُ
َ َ
َ
َ ُ ُ َ ُ ُ
َ َ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺤﻮن‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
َّ َ َ َ ‫ﺨ‬
َ ‫اﻟ‬
َ ُ ِ ُ ُ
ْ ‫ ﻳﺎ ﻣ ْﺮ ْاﻗﻨﺘﻲ ﻟﺮﺑﻚ و‬3:43 
ْ ‫اﺳﺠﺪي و‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﻟﺮ‬
‫ﻊ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ار‬
َ ِ ِ َّ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ ُ
َ ِ ِّ َ ِ ِ ُ ُ َ َ َ
64:2 
ٌ ‫اﺬﻟي ﺧﻠﻘﻜ ْﻢ ﻓﻤﻨْﻜ ْﻢ ﻛﺎﻓ ٌﺮ وﻣﻨْﻜ ْﻢ ﻣ ْﺆﻣ‬
َ
ّ
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫اﷲ ِﺑﻤﺎ‬
‫و‬
ِ
ِ َ ِ َ ُ
َِ ُ
ََ َ
َ ُ َّ َ ِ ُ ُ
َُ
ٌ
ْ
‫َﺗﻌﻤﻠُﻮن ﺑ ِﺼﲑ‬
َ َ َ
ْ
ْ ‫ وﻣﺎ أ ْﻛﺜﺮ اﻟﻨﺎس وﻟ ْﻮ ﺣﺮ‬12:103 
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ َّ ُ َ َ َ َ
َ
ُ ِ َ
َ َ َ َ
ْ ْ ْ
35:32
ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
ْ ‫اﺻﻄﻔ ْﻴﻨﺎ ﻣ‬
ْ‫ﻦ ِﻋﺒﺎ ِدﻧﺎ ﻓﻤ ْ ﻢ‬
ٌ‫ﻇﺎﻟِﻢ‬
َ
ّ
ِ ‫ُ أَورﺛﻨَﺎ اﻟ‬
ِ ‫ﻜ َﺘﺎب‬
ِ َ ََ
َ ُ َِ َ َ
َ
َ َّ
َ
ْ ْ ٌ
ْ
ْ ْ ‫ﻟِﻨ ْﻔ ِﺴ ِﻪ و ِﻣ ْ ْﻢ ﻣ ْﻘﺘ ِﺼ ٌﺪ و ِﻣ‬
‫ﻫﻮ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ن‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻢ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ َ
َ
َ ُ ُ َ
َ ُ َ
َ ُ َ َ َّ
ْ ْ ْ
(٣٢)ُ ‫ﻜ ِﺒﲑ‬
َ ‫اﻟ َﻔﻀ ُﻞ اﻟ‬
ٌ
56:13,14
ٌ
‫ﻗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﻵﺧ ِﺮﻳﻦ‬
    
(
١٣
)
 
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻷو‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺔﻠ‬
‫ﺛ‬
َ
ّ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ُ
َ َ
َ ِ َّ َ
َ
َ
5:38
ْ
‫ﺎر َﻗﺔ ُﻓَﺎﻗﻄَ ُﻌ ْﻮا أ َ ْﻳ ِﺪ ﻤﺎ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫و‬
‫ق‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫واﻟﺴ‬
ِ ّ َ ُ ِ ّ
ُ َ
ْ
24:2
ْ
ْ
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﻟﺰ‬
‫ﺣ ٍﺪ ِﻣ ُﻤﺎ ِﻣﺎﺋَ َﺔ ﺟﺪﻠ ٍة‬
‫اﻟﺰا ِ ﻓَﺎﺟ ِﺪﻠُوا ﻛُ ّ َﻞ وا‬
‫و‬
ِ
ِ
َّ َ ُ َ َّ
َ َ
َ
َ

‫‪34:2 ‬‬

‫‪7:188 ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻳ ْﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﺞ ﰲ ْ‬
‫ض‬
‫اﻷر‬
‫اﻟﺴﻤﺎ ِء وﻣﺎ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ج‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ َِ ُِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َّ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺣ اﻟ َﻐﻔُﻮر )‪(٢‬‬
‫و‬
‫ﻫﻮ اﻟﺮ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ج‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ُ ُ َ َ ُ َ َّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻚ ﻟِﻨَﻔ ِﺴﻲ َﻧﻔﻌﺎ وﻻ ﺿﺮا إﻻ ﻣﺎ ﺷﺎء اﷲ‬
‫ﻗُﻞ ﻻ أَﻣ ِﻠ ُ‬
‫َ َ ّ ِ َ َ َ َّ ُ‬

‫‪Contextualized Sequence ‬‬

‫‪6.4 ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪BENEFIT nor HARM ‬‬
‫‪178:  whoever Allah guides, whoever he misguides ‬‬
‫‪188:  I would have acquired much good and no harm would ‬‬
‫‪have touched me ‬‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺪ اﷲ ﻓﻬﻮ اﻟﻤﻬﺘﺪ وﻣﻦ ﻳﻀﻠﻞ ﻓﺄوﻵءك اﻟﺨﺎﺳﺮون‪ ‬وﻟ ْﻮ ﻛﻨْﺖ أ ْﻋﻠﻢ اﻟْﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻻﺳﺘﻜﺜ ْﺮت ِﻣﻦ اﻟﺨﲑ وﻣﺎ ﻣﺴﻨِﻲ اﻟﺴﻮء ِإ ْن أَﻧﺎ ِإﻻ ﻧ ِﺬﻳﺮٌ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫َ َ ُ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َّ َ ّ ُ ُ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫و َ ِﺸﲑ ﻟِ َﻘ ْﻮ ٍم ﻳﺆ ِﻣﻨُﻮن‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪10:49 ‬‬
‫‪11 & 12, ‬‬
‫‪50 ‬‬

‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻗ ْﻞ ﻻ أ ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜ ّ ِﻞ أ ُ ّ َﻣ ٍﺔ أَﺟﻞ ِإذَا‬
‫ﺎء‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫و‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫َ ِ ُ َِ ِ‬
‫َّ ُ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ّ َ َ ِ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺧﺮون ﺳﺎﻋ ًﺔ وﻻ َ ْﺴﺘﻘ ِﺪﻣﻮن‬
‫ﺟﺎء أَﺟﻠ ُ ُ ﻓَﻼ َ ْﺴﺘﺄ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ َ َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪HARM nor BENEFIT ‬‬
‫‪11:  Had Allah accelerated harm for the people out of their ‬‬
‫‪ignorant asking for good ‬‬
‫‪12:  When harm touches the human being  ‬‬
‫‪50:  if the punishment came to you in the middle of the night ‬‬
‫…‪or broad daylight‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪     11‬وﻟ ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ً‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻟﻀ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻛﺄَن‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺸ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫و‬
‫أ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻧ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫‪ 12   ‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺎس‬
‫ﻠﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ّ ُ ّ ُ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ ِ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ َّ ُ َ َّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َُ ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧُﻮا ﻳﻌﻤﻠُﻮن ‪50       ‬ﻗُﻞ أَرأَﻳ ُ ِإن أ َ َﺗﺎﻛُﻢ ﻋ َﺬاﺑﻪ ُﺑﻴﺎﺗﺎ أَو َ ﺎرا ﻣﺎذَا َﺴﺘﻌ ِﺠ ُﻞ ِﻣﻨﻪ ُاﻟ ُﻤﺠ ِﺮﻣﻮن ‪ ‬‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮﺴ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻟَﻢ َﻳ ُ َ ِ َ ُ ٍ ّ َ ّ َ ُ َ َ َ ُ ِّ َ ُ ِ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ ََ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪13:16 ‬‬
‫‪15 ‬‬

‫اﻷرض ﻗﻞ اﷲ ﻗ ْﻞ أﻓﺎﺗﺨ ْﺬ ْ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻗ ْﻞ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ رب اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات و ْ‬
‫ﻦ دو ِﻧ ِﻪ‬
‫ِ ُ ِ َّ ُ ُ َ َ َّ َ ُ ِ ُ‬
‫ُ َ َ ّ ُ َّ َ َ ِ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻜﻮن ﻷﻧﻔُ ِﺴ ِ َﻧﻔ ًﻌﺎ وﻻ َﺿ ًﺮا ﻗُﻞ َﻫﻞ َ ْﺴﺘ ِﻮي‬
‫أ َ ْوﻟِﻴﺎء ﻻ ﻳﻤ ِﻠ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻷﻋ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﺎت واﻟﻨُّﻮر أَم‬
‫م‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺟ َﻌﻠُﻮا ِ ّ َﷲِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َِ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َُ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﺧﺎﻟِ ُﻖ ﻛُ ّ ِﻞ َ ْ ٍء‬
‫ﺷﺮﻛﺎء ﺧﻠﻘﻮا ﻛﺨﻠﻘﻪ ﻓ ﺸ‬
‫ﺨﻠ ُﻖ َﻋ َﻠ ِ ﻢ ﻗ ُ ِﻞ ّ َ‬
‫ﺎﺑ َﻪ اﻟ َ‬
‫اﷲ ُ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ ِ ََ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺪ اﻟ َﻘ ّ َﻬﺎر‬
‫ﻫ َﻮ اﻟ َ ِ ُ‬
‫َو ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫‪ ‬و ِﷲ ْﺴﺠﺪ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﰲ اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات و ْ‬
‫اﻷر ِض ﻃ ْﻮ ًﻋﺎ وﻛ ْﺮ ً‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫اﻵﺻ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻼﻟ‬
‫ﻇ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َّ ِ َ ُ ُ َ‬
‫ّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪39:  He expands the provision and withholds it ‬‬
‫‪34:42 ‬‬
‫ﻓﺎﻟﻴ ْﻮم ﻻ ﻳ ْﻤ ِﻠﻚ ﺑ ْﻌﻀﻜ ْﻢ ﻟِﺒ ْﻌ ٍﺾ ﻧ ْﻔ ًﻌﺎ وﻻ ﺿ ً‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺬﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ِ‬
‫‪39 ‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َ ُ‬
‫َ ‪ ‬‬
‫َ َ ّ َ َ ُ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻇﻠﻤﻮا ذوﻗﻮا ﻋﺬ‬
‫ﻜ ِّﺬﺑﻮن )‪(٤٢‬‬
‫ﺎر اﻟّ َ ِﺘﻲ ﻛُﻨ ُ ْ ِ ﺎ ُﺗ‬
‫َ‬
‫اب اﻟﻨّ َ ِ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ََ ُ ُ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋﺒﺎده وﻳ ْﻘﺪر ﻪﻟ وﻣﺎ أ ْﻧﻔ ْﻘ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ق‬
‫ز‬
‫اﻟﺮ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫از‬
‫اﻟﺮ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎء‬
‫ﺸ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻂ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﻲﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫‪ ‬ﻗ ُ ِ ّ َ َ ِ ّ َ ُ ُ ِ ّ َ ِ َ َ َ ُ ِ ِ َ ِ ِ َ َ ِ ُ َ ُ َ َ َ َ ُ ِ َ ٍ َ ُ َ ُ ِ ُ ُ َ ُ َ َ ُ ّ َ ِ ِ َ‬
‫‪If you were killed in Allah’s path or died otherwise… ‬‬
‫‪3:157 ‬‬
‫ْ ْ ْ ٌ‬
‫ْ ٌ ْ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ ﻗﺘ ْﻠ ْ‬
‫وﻟ ْ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫و‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺧﲑ ِﻣ ّ َﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫َ َ ِ ُ ِ ُ ِ َ ِ ِ َّ ِ َ ُ ّ ُ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ َّ ِ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻳﺠﻤ ُﻌﻮن‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪And even if you died or were killed… ‬‬
‫‪3:158 ‬‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻣ ْ أ ْو ﻗﺘ ْﻠ ْ‬
‫وﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻹ‬
‫اﷲِ ﺗُﺤ َ ون‬
‫َ َ ِ ُ ّ ُ َ ُ ِ ُ َ َّ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪Their cattle and their own selves… ‬‬
‫‪32:27 ‬‬
‫ْ‬
‫أوﻟ ْﻢ ﻳﺮ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻮق‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫إ‬
‫اﻷر ِض اﻟﺠﺮ ِز ﻓَﻨُﺨ ِﺮج ِﺑ ِﻪ َز ْر ًﻋﺎ‬
‫ﺎء‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ ُ ُ َ َ ِ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ ُ‬
‫َْ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َﺗﺄﻛُ ُﻞ ِﻣﻨﻪ ُأَﻧﻌﺎﻣ ُ وأَﻧﻔُﺴ ُ أَﻓَﻼ ﻳ ْﺒ ِﺼﺮون‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪80:24‐32 ‬‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻃﻌﺎ ِﻣ ِﻪ )‪(٢٤‬أ َ ّﻧَﺎ ﺻﺒﺒﻨَﺎ اﻟﻤﺎء ﺻ ّﺒﺎ )‪َ ُ (٢٥‬ﺷ َﻘﻘﻨَﺎ‬
‫‪Amenities for yourselves & your cattle… ‬‬
‫ﻓَﻠ َﻴﻨﻈ ُ ِﺮ اﻹ َﺴﺎنُ ِإ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﻷرض َﺷ ّﻘﺎ )‪(٢٦‬ﻓَﺄَﻧﺒﺘﻨَﺎ ِﻓ ﺎ ﺣ ًّﺒﺎ )‪(٢٧‬و ِﻋﻨَ ًﺒﺎ و َﻗﻀ ًﺒﺎ )‪(٢٨‬و َز ْﻳﺘُﻮﻧًﺎ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪), olives ‬ﻗﻀﺐ(‪) & editable plants ‬ﻋﻨﺐ(‪)  vines‬ﺣﺐ(‪Grain ‬‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫وﻧ ْﺨﻼ )‪(٢٩‬وﺣﺪا ﻖ ﻏ ْﻠ ًﺒﺎ )‪(٣٠‬وﻓﺎﻛﻬ ًﺔ وأ ً‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٣١‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ َِ ُ‬
‫َ َ ِ َ َ َّ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ََ‬
‫‪) ‬ﺣﺪاﺋﻖ ﻏﻠﺒﺎ(‪), dense gardens ‬ﻧﺨﻞ(‪) and date palms ‬زﻳﺘﻮن(‬

‫‪6:151 ‬‬
‫‪17:31 ‬‬

‫‪2:7 ‬‬

‫‪45:23 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻷﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ )‪(٣٢‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫وﻻ ﺗ ْﻘﺘﻠﻮا أ ْوﻻدﻛ ْﻢ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ إ ْﻣﻼق ﻧ ْﺤﻦ ﻧ ْﺮزﻗﻜ ْﻢ وإﻳﺎ ْ‬
‫َ ُ ِ‬
‫َ َ ُُ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ٍ َ ُ َ ُ ُ ُ َ َّ ُ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫وﻻ ﺗ ْﻘﺘﻠﻮا أ ْوﻻدﻛ ْﻢ ﺧ ْﺸﻴﺔ إ ْﻣﻼق ﻧ ْﺤﻦ ﻧ ْﺮزﻗ ْ وإﻳﺎﻛ ْ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫َ َ ُُ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ُ َ ََ ِ‬
‫ٍ َ ُ َ ُ ُ ُ َ ِ َّ ُ َّ َ َ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺧﻄ ًﺌﺎ ﻛﺒﲑاً‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎن ِ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﺎر ِ ْ ِﻏ َﺸ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋ َ ﻗُﻠُﻮ ِ ِ ْﻢ وﻋ َ َ ِﻌ ِ وﻋ َ أ َ ْﺑﺼ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎوة َوﻟَ ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َّ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻈ ٌ )‪(٧‬‬
‫َﻋ َﺬاب َﻋ ِ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋ َ ِﻋ‬
‫ﺧ َ ﻋ َ َ ِﻌ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫أَﻓَﺮأ َ ْﻳﺖ ﻣ‬
‫ﺨ َﺬ ِإ َﻬﻟَﻪ ُ َﻫﻮاه وأ َ َﺿ ّ َﻪﻠ‬
‫و‬
‫اﺗ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫وﻗ ْﻠﺒﻪ وﺟﻌﻞ ﻋ ﺑﺼﺮه ﻏﺸﺎو ًة ﻓﻤ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ْ‬
‫اﷲِ أَﻓَﻼ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫َ َ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ َ ِ ِ ِ َ ِ َّ‬
‫ﻛﺮون‬
‫ﺗﺬ‬
‫َ َ َّ ُ َ‬

‫‪).     ‬أب(‪) and herbs ‬ﻓﺎﻛﻬﺔ(‪and finally fruits ‬‬
‫‪Do not kill your children because of bankruptcy.  It is we who ‬‬
‫‪provide you and them. ‬‬
‫‪Do not kill your children out of fear of bankruptcy. It is we who ‬‬
‫‪provide them and you. ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫اب أَﻟِ ٍ )‪(٨‬‬
‫ﺎك أ َ ِﺛ ٍ )‪َ (٧‬ﺴ َﻤ ُﻊ آﻳ ِ‬
‫ﻜ ّ ِﻞ أَﻓّ َ ٍ‬
‫‪َ  ‬وﻳﻞ ﻟِ‬
‫اﷲِ ﺗُﺘ َ َﻋ َﻠﻴ ِﻪ ُ ّ َﻳ ُ ِﺼ ّ ُﺮ ﻣُﺴ َﺘﻜ ِﱪا َ‬
‫ﻛﺄَن ﻟَﻢ َﺴ َﻤﻌ َﻬﺎ ﻓَ َ ِ ّ ه ُ ِﺑ َﻌ َﺬ ٍ‬
‫ﺎت ّ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪6:102 ‬‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻫﻮ‬
‫ﺧﺎﻟِ ُﻖ ﻛُ ّ ِﻞ َ ٍء ﻓﺎﻋﺒﺪوه و‬
‫ﻜﻢ ﻻ إ‬
‫ذَﻟِ‬
‫ﻜ ُﻢ ّ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫اﷲ ُ َر ّﺑُ‬
‫ﻪﻟ ِإﻻ ُ‬
‫ﻫ َﻮ َ‬
‫ََِ‬
‫َ ُ ُ َُ َُ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻛﻴﻞ‬
‫َﻋ َ ﻛُ ّ ِﻞ َ ْ ٍء َو ِ‬
‫‪Contextualizing evidence:  100,101:‬وﺟﻌﻠﻮا ِﷲ ﺷﺮﻛﺎء اﻟْﺠﻦ وﺧﻠﻘ ْ وﺧﺮﻗﻮا ﻪﻟ ﺑﻨﲔ وﺑﻨﺎت ﺑﻐ ْﲑ ﻋ ْﻠﻢ ﺳ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻧﻪ ُو َﺗﻌﺎ َ ﻋ ّ َﻤﺎ ﻳ ِﺼﻔُﻮن )‪(١٠٠‬ﺑ ِﺪﻳﻊ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َّ ِ ُ َ َ َ ِ َّ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ ُ َ ُ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ٍ ِ َ ِ ِ ٍ ُ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫اﻷرض أ ﻳﻜﻮن ﻪﻟ و ٌ‬
‫ﺪﻟ وﻟ ْﻢ ﺗﻜ ْ‬
‫اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات و ْ‬
‫ﺣﺒ ٌﺔ وﺧﻠﻖ ﻛ ّ َﻞ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﻪﻟ‬
‫ﻜ ّ ِﻞ َ ْ ٍء ﻋ ِﻠ ٌ ‪ ‬‬
‫ء‬
‫ﻫﻮ ِﺑ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ُ َُ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َّ َ َ ِ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫‪Supporting evidence 45:7 & 8‬‬

‫‪40:62 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﺧﺎﻟِ ُﻖ ﻛُ ّ ِﻞ َ ْ ٍء ﻻ ِإ َﻪﻟ ِإﻻ‬
‫ﻜﻮن‬
‫ﻫﻮ ﻓَﺄَ ّ َ ﺗُﺆ َﻓ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ذَﻟِ‬
‫ﻜ ُﻢ ّ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫اﷲ ُ َر ّﺑُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻟﺨ ْﻠﻖ اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات و ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟي ﺟﻌﻞ ﻟﻜﻢ اﻟﻠ ْﻴﻞ ﻟ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻜﻨُﻮا ِﻓﻴ ِﻪ واﻟ ّ َ ﺎر‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٥٧‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺎس‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎس‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﱪ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ض‬
‫اﻷر‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َّ َ ِ َ ُ‬
‫َّ َ َ َّ ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ِ َ َ ُ ِ َ ِ َّ ِ َ َ‬
‫َّ ُ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ ُ َّ َ َ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ُ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪ ‬ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻀ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺬﻟ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻜﺮون )‪(٦١‬‬
‫ﺎس ﻻ َﺸ‬
‫ﺎس‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ً‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪Say, Allah is enough between me and yourselves as a witness… ‬‬
‫‪29:52 ‬‬
‫ً ْ‬
‫ﻗﻞ ﻛﻔﻰ ﺑﺎﷲِ ﺑ ْﻴﻨِﻲ وﺑ ْﻴﻨﻜ ْ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻴﺪ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫ات‬
‫اﻟﺴﻤ‬
‫ﺎو ِ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫َ َ ُ َ ِ‬
‫ُ َ ِ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ ِ َّ َ‬
‫َّ َ َ‬
‫‪Those who believed in falsehood and disbelieved in Allah; ‬‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪Those are in fact the sufferers of loss. ‬‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫واﻷر ِض و ّ َ ِ‬
‫ﻚ ُُ‬
‫آﻣﻨُﻮا ِﺑﺎﻟ َﺒﺎ ِﻃ ِﻞ َو َ‬
‫ﻛ َﻔ ُﺮوا ِﺑ ّ َ‬
‫ﺎﷲِ أُوﻟَ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﺳﺮون‬
‫اﻟﺨ‬
‫َ ِ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪Say Allah is enough as a witness between me and yourselves… ‬‬
‫‪17:96 ‬‬
‫ﻴﺪا ﺑ ْﻴﻨﻲ وﺑ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ً‬
‫ه‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎﷲ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫‪Certainly He has always been fully acquainted and constantly ‬‬
‫ُ ِ َّ ُ َ َ ِ ِ َ ِ ِ َ ِ‬
‫ُ َ َ ِ َّ ِ َ ِ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ َ‬
‫‪observant in regards to His slaves. ‬‬
‫ﺑ ِﺼﲑًا )‪(٩٦‬‬
‫َ‬
‫‪We raised above you, Al‐Tour.  ‬‬
‫‪2:63 ‬‬
‫ورﻓ ْﻌﻨﺎ ﻓ ْ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜﻢ اﻟﻄُّﻮر‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ ُ‬
‫‪We raised above them, Al‐Tour.  . ‬‬
‫‪4:154 ‬‬
‫ْ‬
‫ورﻓَﻌﻨَﺎ ﻓ َ ْﻮ َﻗ ُ ُاﻟﻄُّﻮر‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫‪We elevated the mount over them. ‬‬
‫‪7:171 ‬‬
‫وإ ْذ ﻧﺘ ْﻘﻨﺎ اﻟﺠﺒﻞ ﻓ ْﻮﻗ ْ ﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻇ ّ َﺔﻠٌ وﻇﻨﻮا أﻧﻪ وا ِﻗ ٌﻊ ﻢْ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َّ ُ ُ َ َ ّ ُ َ َّ ُ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫‪They control not a thing from what they earned. ‬‬
‫‪2:264 ‬‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ آﻣﻨﻮا ﻻ ﺗ ْ‬
‫ﻛ ّ َِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎﺬﻟي‬
‫ى‬
‫اﻷذ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ُ ِ ُ َ ََ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ ُّ َ ِ َ َ ُ‬
‫ُ ِ َ ِّ َ‬
‫ﻳﻨْﻔﻖ ﻣﺎﻪﻟ رﺋﺎء اﻟﻨﺎس وﻻ ﻳ ْﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﷲ واﻟْﻴ ْ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺜَ ِﻞ‬
‫ﻪﻠ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻵﺧ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َّ ِ َ ُ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ ِ َ َ َ ُُ َ َ‬
‫ُ ِ َّ َ َ‬
‫ُ ُ َ َُ ِ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺻ ْﻔﻮان ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻪ ﺗﺮ ٌ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺪﻠ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﱰ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫اب‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ون‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ ٍ‬
‫ََ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ ََ َ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ َُ‬
‫‪Contextualizing evidence: 40:57‐61‬‬

‫‪14:18 ‬‬

‫‪3:126 ‬‬

‫‪8:10 ‬‬

‫‪62:11 ‬‬

‫‪17:88‬‬

‫‪55:33‬‬

‫‪62:1‐2‬‬

‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ﻜﺎﻓِ ِﺮﻳﻦ )‪(٢٦٤‬‬
‫َ ْ ٍء ِﻣ ّ َﻤﺎ‬
‫اﷲ ﻻ ْ ِﺪي اﻟ َﻘﻮم اﻟ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺒﻮا و‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ َ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺷ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫اﻟﺮﻳﺢ ِﰲ ﻳ ْﻮ ٍم‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا ﺑﺮ ﻢ أ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻣﺜَ ُﻞ ّ َ ِ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ ِ َ ِّ ِ َ َ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِّ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻴﺪ‬
‫ﺎﺻ ٍﻒ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺪر‬
‫َﻋ ِ‬
‫ﻫ َﻮ ّ َ‬
‫ون ِﻣ ّ َﻤﺎ َ‬
‫ﻼل اﻟ َﺒ ِﻌ ُ‬
‫اﻟﻀ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ُ‬
‫ﻛ َﺴﺒُﻮا َﻋ َ َ ٍء ذَﻟِ َ‬
‫َ ِ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻮﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ى‬
‫اﷲ ِإﻻ‬
‫ﻜﻢ ِﺑ ِﻪ وﻣﺎ اﻟﻨَّﺼﺮ‬
‫وﻣﺎ ﺟﻌ َﻪﻠ ّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ َ ِ َ َ ِ َّ ُ ُ ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ ََ ُ ُ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻜ ِ )‪(١٢٦‬‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻳﺰ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﷲِ اﻟ َ ِ ِ َ ِ‬
‫ِإﻻ ِﻣﻦ ِﻋﻨ ِﺪ ّ َ‬

‫ْ‬

‫وﻣﺎ ﺟﻌﻪﻠ اﷲ إﻻ ْ ى وﻟﺘﻄﻤ ﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻗﻠﻮﺑﻜ ْﻢ وﻣﺎ اﻟﻨ ْﺼﺮ إﻻ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ ُ َّ ُ ِ ُ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َّ ِ ِ ُ ُ ُ‬
‫ُ َ َ َّ ُ‬
‫ﻋﻨْﺪ اﷲ إن اﷲ ﻋﺰ ٌ‬
‫ﻳﺰ‬
‫ﻜ ٌ )‪(١٠‬‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ِ ِ َّ ِ ِ َّ َّ َ َ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ٌ‬
‫ﻀﻮا ِإﻟَ ْ ﺎ وﺗﺮﻛُﻮك ﻗﺎ ِ ً‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺧﲑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫اﻧ‬
‫و ِإذَا رأَ ْوا ِﺗﺠ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺎرة أَو َﻬﻟ ًﻮا َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ََ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ة‬
‫از ِﻗﲔَ )‪(١١‬‬
‫اﻟﺮ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ِﻣ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ّﻠ َ ِ َ َ ّ َ َ َ ّ َ ُ َ ُ ّ َ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫آن ﻻ ﻳﺄﺗُﻮن‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َ ِ ُّ َ َ‬
‫ُ َِ ِ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ ِ ِ َ َ ُ ِ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺑﻤ ْﺜﻪﻠ وﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻇ ِﻬﲑًا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻀ ُ ﻟِ َﺒﻌ ٍﺾ َ‬
‫ِ ِ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ َ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫أ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳﺎ ﻣ‬
‫ِ ِ ِ َ َ ُ َ َ ُ ُ ِ َ َ ِ َّ َ َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِّ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫و ْ‬
‫اﻷر ِض ﻓَﺎﻧ ُﻔ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﺬون ِإﻻ‬
‫ﺬوا ﻻ َﺗﻨ ُﻔ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﺴﻠﻄَ ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ُﺴ ِّﺒﺢ ِ ّ َﷲِ ﻣﺎ ِﰲ اﻟﺴﻤ‬
‫ﻳﺰ‬
‫ﺎو ِ‬
‫ات َو َﻣﺎ ِﰲ اﻷر ِض اﻟ َﻤ ِﻠ ِ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟ ُﻘ ّ ُﺪ ِ‬
‫وس اﻟ َﻌ ِﺰ ِ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫اﺬﻟي ﺑ َﻌ َﺚ ِﰲ اﻷ ِّﻣ ِ ّﻴﲔَ ر ُﺳﻮﻻ ِﻣ ُﻢ ﻳﺘﻠُﻮ ﻋ َﻠ ِ ﻢ آﻳﺎ ِﺗ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻜ ِ )‪(١‬‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻫﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺤ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪They control from what they earned, not a thing! ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪And Allah didn’t place it at all except as good news for ‬‬
‫‪you and so that your hearts may be tranquil by means of it (the ‬‬
‫‪guarantee of help). ‬‬
‫‪And Allah didn’t place it at all except as good news and that by ‬‬
‫‪means of it (the guarantee of help) your hearts may be ‬‬
‫‪tranquil. ‬‬
‫‪When they saw trade or entertainment… ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪What Allah has is better than entertainment and (better) than ‬‬
‫‪trade. ‬‬
‫‪Even if human beings & jinn were gathered… ‬‬

‫‪Oh gathering of jinn and human beings!... ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧُﻮا ِﻣﻦ َﻗﺒ ُﻞ ﻟَ ِﻔﻲ‬
‫ﻜﺘ‬
‫ﻛ ِ ْﻢ وﻳﻌ ِّﻠ ُﻤ ُ ُ اﻟ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َوﻳ ُ َﺰ ّ ِ‬
‫ﺎب َواﻟ ِ‬
‫ﺤﻜ َﻤ َﺔ َو ِإن َ‬
‫َ َُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ﲔ )‪(٢‬‬
‫َﺿ ٍ‬
‫ﻼل ﻣُ ِﺒ ٍ‬

‫‪ ‬‬


1.

 

Alleged Grammatical Errors in the Qur’an 
 

 

7.01     Righteousness 
 
It is alleged that LAYSA  AL BIRRA   should 
have been LAYSA ALBIRRU 
 
It is alleged that AL‐SABIREENA should have 
been AL‐SABIROONA 
 
It is alleged that AL‐KITAAB (the book) 
should have been AL‐KUTUB (the books) 
 

ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻜﻦ اﻟْﱪ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ آﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﷲ واﻟْﻴ‬
ْ
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻵﺧ ِﺮ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﱪ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ب‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ق‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻮﻫ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ن‬
ُ
ِ
ِ
ّ
ِ
َِ َ ّ ِ َ
ِ
َ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
َ
َ
ّ
ّ
ِ
ِ
ُ
ِ
َ ُ ُ
َّ
َ َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َُ
َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﺎل ﻋ َ ﺣ ِّﺒ ِﻪ ذَ ِوي اﻟ ُﻘ ْﺮﻰﺑ واﻟﻴﺘﺎﻣﻰ واﻟﻤﺴﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫آ‬
‫و‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻛﲔَ و ْاﺑﻦ‬
‫و‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ َ ‫َواﻟ‬
َ َ َ َ َ َ ّ ِ ِ َّ َ ِ َ
ُ
َ
َ َ
َ َ َ َ ََ َ َ
ْ ِ ‫اﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ واﻟﺴﺎ ِﻠﲔ وﰲ اﻟﺮﻗﺎب وأﻗﺎم اﻟﺼﻼة وآ اﻟﺰﻛﺎة واﻟْﻤﻮﻓﻮن ﺑﻌ ْﻬ ِﺪ‬
‫ﺪوا‬
‫ﺎﻫ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
ِ
ِ َ َ ِ َّ َ ِ ِ َّ
ُ َ َ َ
َ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ّ ِ
َ ِ َ ُ ُ َ َ َ َّ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
َ
ّ
(١٧٧) ‫ﻚ ُ اﻟ ُﻤ ّ َﺘ ُﻘﻮن‬
‫واﻟﺼﺎﺑﺮ‬
‫وﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫وﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫س‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫و‬
‫ء‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻟﻀ‬
‫و‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺳ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ُ
ُ
ِ َ َ ِ َ َ ّ َ ّ َ َ ‫ﻳﻦ ِﰲ اﻟ َﺒﺄ‬
َ َِ
َ
َ ِ ِ َّ َ
ُ َ َِ َ ُ َ َ َ

2:177

 
It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces Towards east or West; but it is righteousness‐ to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the 
Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be 
steadfast in prayer, and practice regular charity; to fulfil the contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all 
periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the Allah.fearing. 
 

7.02    Those who ‘left’ 

 
ْ
ْ ‫ﻦ آﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﷲ واﻟْﻴ‬
ً ِ‫اﻵﺧﺮ وﻋ ِﻤ َﻞ ﺻﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻫﺎدوا واﻟﺼﺎﺑﺌﻮن واﻟﻨ‬
ِ َ ّ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا و‬
ِ َ ّ ‫ِإ ّ َن‬
ِ
َِ َ ّ ِ َ ‫ﺼﺎرى َﻣ‬
ِ
ِ
َ
It is alleged that AL‐SABI’OONA should 
َ َ
َ
َ َ
َ
َ
َ
َ َ َّ َ َ ُ ِ َّ َ ُ َ َ
have been AL‐SABI’EENA as it occurs in two 
ٌ
ْ
(٦٩) ‫ﺧ ْﻮف ﻋ َﻠ ْ ِ ْﻢ وﻻ ُ ْ ﻳﺤﺰﻧُﻮن‬
other places like 2:62, 22:17 
َ
َ
َ َ َ
َ

5:69 

 
Those who believe (in the Qur'an), those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Sabians and the Christians,‐ any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work 
righteousness,‐ on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. 
 

7.03    Establishers of the Prayer 
It is alleged that AL‐MUQEEMEENA should 
have been AL‐MUQEEMOONA 

ْ‫ﻦﻗ‬
ْ ‫ﰲ اﻟْﻌ ْﻠﻢ ﻣ ْ ْﻢ واﻟْﻤ ْﺆﻣﻨﻮن ﻳ ْﺆﻣﻨﻮن ﺑﻤﺎ أ ْﻧﺰل إﻟ ْﻴﻚ وﻣﺎ أ ْﻧﺰل ﻣ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
ِ
ِ
َ َ ِ َ ِ ُ َ َ َ َِ َ ِ ُ َ ِ َ ُ ِ ُ َ ُ ِ ُ َ ُ ِ ِ ِ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫واﻟْﻤ ْﺆﺗﻮن اﻟﺰﻛﺎة واﻟْﻤ ْﺆﻣﻨﻮن ﺑﺎﷲ واﻟْﻴ‬
‫ﻚ ﺳﻨُﺆ ِﺗ ِ ْﻢ أَﺟ ًﺮا‬
‫وﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻵﺧ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
ُ ِِ
ِ
ِ
ِ ُ َ َ َ َّ َ ُ ُ َ
َ َ َِ
َ َ َّ ِ َ ُ

‫اﺳﺨُﻮن‬
‫ﻜﻦ‬
ِ َ‫ﻟ‬
ِ ‫اﻟﺮ‬
َ
َّ ِ
ْ
‫ﻼة‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻴﻤ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟﺼ‬
َ َ ّ َ ِ ِ ُ ‫َواﻟ‬
ً ‫ﻈ‬
  (١٦٢) ‫ﻴﻤﺎ‬
ِ ‫َﻋ‬

4:162

 
But those among them who are well‐grounded in knowledge, and the believers, believe in what hath been revealed to thee and what was revealed before thee: And (especially) 
those who establish regular prayer and practise regular charity and believe in Allah and in the Last Day: To them shall We soon give a great reward. 
 

7.04    The two Sorceres 
It is alleged that HAADHAANI should 
have been HAADHAYNI 

ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮا إ ْن ﻫﺬان ﻟﺴﺎﺣﺮان ﻳﺮﻳﺪان أ ْن ﻳ ْﺨﺮﺟﺎﻛ ْﻢ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ أ ْر ِﺿﻜ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻘ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻢ‬
ِ
ِ ُ َ ِ ُ َ ِ َ ُِ ِ ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
َ ‫ﻜ ُﻢ اﻟ ُﻤﺜ‬
ِ
ِ ُ
ُ
َ ِ
َ َ َ َ َ ِ
َ َِ َ َ ِ ُ َ
َ

20:63 

 
They said: "These two are certainly (expert) magicians: their object is to drive you out from your land with their magic, and to do away with your most cherished institutions 
 

7.05 

Be & he was or Be & he is? 

It is alleged that FAYAKOONU (then he 
‘is’/’becomes’)should have been FAKAANA 
(then he ‘was’ / ‘became’) 
 

ْ ‫ﻦ ﺗﺮاب ﻗﺎل ﻪﻟ ﻛ‬
ْ ‫إن ﻣﺜﻞ ﻋ ﺴﻰ ﻋﻨْﺪ اﷲ ﻛﻤﺜﻞ آدم ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻣ‬
(٥٩) ‫ﻜﻮن‬
‫ﻦ ﻓَﻴ‬
ُ
ِ ُ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ َّ َ ِ
ِ َ َ َ َّ ِ
َ
ُ
ٍ
َ
ُ
ُ
ُ
ُ َ َّ
َ
َ
َ
َ

3:59 

 
The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him: "Be". And he was.  
 
 

7.06 

Two Groups of Believers Fight

It is alleged that IQTATALOO (they fought) 
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ‫ﺖإ‬
ْ ‫وإ ْن ﻃﺎ ﻔﺘﺎن ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻤ ْﺆﻣﻨﲔ ْاﻗﺘﺘﻠﻮا ﻓﺄ ْﺻﻠﺤﻮا ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻫ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ى‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻷﺧ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻴ‬
َ
ّ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
ُ ََ َ
should have been IQTATALATAA (then both 
َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ ُ ِ ََ ُ ََ َ ِ ِ ُ َ ِ ِ َ َِ َ ِ َ
َ َ ُ َ
of them fought) 
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ت ﻓﺄ ْﺻﻠﺤﻮا ﺑ‬
‫ن‬
‫اﷲِ ﻓَ ِﺈ‬
(
٩
)
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺎء‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫َﺗ ْﺒ ِﻐﻲ ﺣ ّ َﺘﻰ َﺗ ِﻔﻲء ِإ َ أ َ ْﻣ ِﺮ‬
ُ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
 
َ
َ
ّ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
ُ ُ ّ ُ َ َّ
َُ َ َ ُ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ

49:9 

 
If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, make ye peace between them: but if one of them transgresses beyond bounds against the other then fight ye (all) against 
the one that transgresses until it complies with the command of Allah; but if it complies then make peace between them with justice and be fair: for Allah loves those who are fair 
(and just). 
 
 

7.07 

The use of ‘what’  

It is alleged that for all three ayaat, MAA (what) should have been MAN (who) 
 
 
 

ْ

 (٦) ‫ﺎﻫﺎ‬
َ ‫واﻷر ِض وﻣﺎ‬  (٥) ‫ﺎﻫﺎ‬
َ ‫ﻃﺤ‬
َ ‫واﻟﺴﻤﺎ ِء وﻣﺎ ﺑﻨ‬

َ

َ َ

َ

 
By the Firmament and its (wonderful) structure  .By the Earth and its (wide) expanse.   By the Soul, and the proportion and order given to it 
 

َ َ َ َ

َ َّ

َ
ْ
(٧) ‫اﻫﺎ‬
َ ‫ َو َﻧﻔ ٍﺲ َو َﻣﺎ َﺳ ّ َﻮ‬ 

91:5‐7 

7.08 

Inconsistent Declination 

It is alleged that the word ‘AKUN’ given its places should have been declined differently 
as ‘AKOONA’ 

ْ ْ
ْ ‫ﻦ ﻣﺎ رز ْﻗﻨﺎﻛ ْﻢ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫وأ ْﻧﻔﻘﻮا ﻣ‬
‫ﻦ َﻗ ْﺒ ِﻞ أَن ﻳﺄ ِ أَﺣ َﺪﻛُﻢ‬
ِ
ُ
َ َ َ َ ِ ُ ِ َ َ
َ َ َ
ُ
ْ ‫اﻟْﻤ ْﻮت ﻓﻴﻘﻮل رب ﻟ‬
ْ
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫أ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻳﺐ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻮ‬
ٍ ِ َ ٍ َ َ َ ِ ِ َ َّ َ
َ ِّ َ َ ُ َ َ ُ َ
ْ ‫ﻓﺄﺻﺪق وأﻛ‬
(١٠) َ‫اﻟﺼﺎﻟِ ِﺤﲔ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻣ‬
ُ َ َ َ َّ َّ َ َ
َّ ‫ﻦ‬
َ

63:10

 
and spend something (in charity) out of the substance which We have bestowed on you, before Death should come to any of you and he should say, "O my Lord! why didst Thou 
not give me respite for a little while? I should then have given (largely) in charity, and I should have been one of the doers of good" 
 

7.09 

Two or more argue? 

It is alleged that IKHTASAMOO (they argued viciously) should have been conjugated in 
its pair, not plural form as IKHTASAMAA (both of them argued viciously). 

ْ
‫ﻛ َﻔﺮوا‬
‫ﺎﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺧ ْﺼﻤ‬
‫ﻫﺬان‬
ِ َ ّ َ‫ﺎن اﺧ َﺘﺼ ُﻤﻮا ِﰲ ر ِّ ِ ْﻢ ﻓ‬
ِ
َ
َ َ ِ َ َ
َ
َ
َ
ُ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻦ ﻧﺎر ﻳﺼﺐ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﺎب ﻣ‬
ٌ ‫ﺖ ﻟ ْ ﺛﻴ‬
ْ ‫ﻦﻓ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫وﺳ‬
‫ء‬
‫ر‬
‫ق‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻄّﻌ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ٍ
َ
ِ
ُ
َ
ُ
َ
ُ
ّ
َِ ُ
َ ُ
ُ ُ
َ
ْ
(١٩) ‫اﻟﺤ ِﻤ‬
ُ َ

22:19 

 
These two antagonists dispute with each other about their Lord: But those who deny (their Lord),‐ for them will be cut out a garment of Fire: over their heads will be poured out 
boiling water. 
 

7.10 

The Gender of Mercy 

It is alleged that the word RAHMATUN (fem.) should have resulted in the word 
QAREEBUN (masc.) to occur in its feminine form as QAREEBATUN.  

ْ
ْ ‫اﻷرض ﺑ ْﻌﺪ إ‬
ْ ‫وﻻ ﺗ ْﻔﺴﺪوا ﰲ‬
‫ﻋﻮه‬
‫اد‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﺻ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ َ َ
ِ ُ ِ ُ َ
ُ ُ َ َ
ْ ْ
ٌ ‫ﺧ ْﻮﻓًﺎ وﻃﻤ ًﻌﺎ إن ر ْ ﺔ اﷲِ ﻗﺮ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻳﺐ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ َ َّ َ َ َ َّ ِ َ َ َ
َ
َ
ُ َ

7:56 

(٥٦)

 
Do no mischief on the earth, after it hath been set in order, but call on Him with fear and longing (in your hearts): for the Mercy of Allah is (always) near to those who do good. 
 

 

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪Integral Relationships Between Beginnings & Endings of Surahs ‬‬

‫‪8 ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪2‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫اﻟﻢ )‪(١‬ذﻟﻚ اﻟْﻜﺘﺎب ﻻ ر ْ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻫ ًﺪى)‪ (1‬ﻟِﻠ ُﻤ ّ َﺘ ِﻘﲔَ )‪ِ َ ّ (٢‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َِ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫)‪(2‬ﻳ ْﺆﻣﻨﻮن ﺑﺎﻟْﻐ ْ‬
‫ﻼة و ِﻣ ّ َﻤﺎ ر َزﻗﻨَﺎ ُ ْ ﻳﻨ ِﻔ ُﻘﻮن‬
‫اﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻴﻤ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ ِ ُ َ ِ َ ِ َ ُ ِ ُ َ َّ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻳ ْﺆﻣﻨﻮن )‪(3‬ﺑﻤﺎ أ ْﻧﺰل إﻟ ْﻴﻚ)‪ (4‬وﻣﺎ أ ْﻧﺰل ﻣ ْ‬
‫)‪(2)(٣‬و ّ َ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫َ َ ُ ِ َ ِ‬
‫ِ َ ُ ِ َ َِ َ‬
‫َ ِ َ ُ ِ ُ َ‬
‫ﻗ ْﺒﻠﻚ و)‪(5‬ﺑﺎﻵﺧﺮة ْ ﻳﻮﻗﻨﻮن )‪(٤‬أوﻟ ﻚ ﻋ )‪ (6‬ﻫ ًﺪى ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َِ َ َ َ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ َ ِ ُ ُ ِ ُ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا ﺳﻮاءٌ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫(‬
‫‪8‬‬
‫)‬
‫(‬
‫‪٥‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ر ِ ْﻢ وأُوﻟ َ ِ ﻚ ُ )‪(7‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ ُ َ‬
‫َِّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْ ِ ْﻢ ءأَﻧ َﺬ ْر َ ْﻢ أ َ ْم ﻟَ ْﻢ ﺗُﻨ ِﺬ ْر ُ ْ ﻻ ﻳﺆ ِﻣﻨُﻮن )‪(٦‬‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬

‫ٌ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫)‪(2)(3‬آﻣﻦ اﻟﺮﺳﻮل ﺑﻤﺎ أ ْﻧﺰل إﻟ ْﻴﻪ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫آﻣ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﺎﷲِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َ ُ‬
‫َ َ ِ َّ‬
‫َ َ ّ َ ُ ُ ِ َ ُ ِ َ ِ َ ِ ِ َ ِّ َ ُ‬
‫وﻣﻼ ﻜﺘﻪ وﻛﺘﺒﻪ ورﺳﻪﻠ ﻻ ﻧﻔﺮق ﺑ ْﲔ أﺣﺪ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ رﺳ ِﻪﻠِ و)‪َ (1‬ﻗﺎﻟُﻮا‬
‫ٍ‬
‫َ ِ َ ِ ِ ُ ُِ ِ ُ ُ ِ ِ‬
‫ُ َ ِّ ُ َ َ َ َ ِ ُ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫اﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺼﲑ )‪(4)(٢٨٥‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻒ ّ َُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ َ َ َّ َ َ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺴﺎ إﻻ و ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻬﻟ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺒﺖ وﻋ َﻠ ْ ﺎ ﻣﺎ اﻛ َﺴﺒﺖ ‪ (5) ‬ر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ ﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫َﻧ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ِ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﺧﺬ َﻧﺎ ِإن َ ِﺴﻴﻨَﺎ أَو أَﺧﻄَﺄ َﻧﺎ ر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ وﻻ َﺗﺤ ِﻤﻞ ﻋ َﻠﻴﻨَﺎ ِإﺻ ًﺮا‬
‫)‪(6‬ﺗ ُ َﺆ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦﻗ ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻣ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﺎﻗ َﺔ ﻟَﻨَﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ َﻤﺎ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ‬
‫)‪َ (4‬‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ ِ َ ِ َ َ ّ َ َ َ ُ َ ِّ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﻏﻔ ْﺮ ﻟﻨﺎ و ْ‬
‫ار ْﻨﺎ أ ْﻧﺖ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻧ ْ‬
‫ﻻﻧﺎ)‪َ (8‬ﻓ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫)‪(7‬و‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺼﺮ َﻧﺎ َﻋ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ َ ّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ﻜﺎ ِﻓ ِﺮﻳﻦ )‪(٢٨٦‬‬
‫اﻟ َﻘﻮ ِم اﻟ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫)‪Al Baqarah (2‬‬

‫‪8.01‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪Al Qalam (68) ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪8.02 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﲒﻟﻘﻮﻧﻚ ﺑﺄ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ن واﻟ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺬﻟﻛﺮ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎد‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫)‪(1‬‬
‫(‬
‫‪١‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ون‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِّ‬
‫َ َ َ ِ ِ َ ِ َ ِّ َ ِ َ ُ ٍ َ ِ َ َ ُ ِ َ َ َ ُ َ ُ ِ ُ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ ّ َ َ ِ ُ‬
‫َ َ َِ َ َ َ ُُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻷﺟ ًﺮا ﻏ ْﲑ ﻣ ْﻤﻨﻮن )‪(2)(٣‬وإﻧﻚ ﻟﻌ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻋﻈ و)‪(1‬ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮن إﻧﻪ ﻟﻤ ْﺠﻨ ٌ‬
‫ﻫﻮ ِإﻻ ِذﻛ ٌﺮ ﻟِﻠﻌﺎﻟَ ِﻤﲔَ )‪(٥٢‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫(‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫)‬
‫(‬
‫‪٥١‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ُ‬
‫)‪َ (٢‬و ِإ ّ َن ﻟَ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ‬
‫َ ُ َ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ ٍ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َُ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫)‪(٤‬ﻓَﺴﺘ ُ ْﺒ ِﺼﺮ وﻳ ْﺒ ِﺼﺮون )‪(٥‬‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ُ َ ُ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪3‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻗْ‬
‫اﻹﻧﺠﻴﻞ )‪(٣‬ﻣ ْ‬
‫)‪(1‬وأ ْﻧﺰل اﻟﺘ ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎس وأَﻧﺰ َل‬
‫اة‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ى‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻠﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ِ َ‬
‫ِ َ ُ ُ‬
‫ِ َّ ِ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َّ َ َ َ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا ﺑﺂﻳﺎت اﷲ ﻟ ْ ﻋﺬ ٌ‬
‫ﻳﺪ واﷲ ﻋﺰ ٌ‬
‫اﻟْﻔ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻳﺰ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫اب‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫)‪(2‬‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َّ َ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ َّ ُ َ ِ‬
‫ُ َ َ ِ َّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ ِ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ذُو اﻧ ِﺘ َﻘ ٍﺎم ‪ ‬‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ٌ ْ ْ‬
‫)‪(3‬و‬
‫اﺳﺨُﻮن ِﰲ اﻟ ِﻌﻠ ِﻢ ﻳﻘُﻮﻟُﻮن آﻣﻨَّﺎ ِﺑ ِﻪ ﻛُ ّﻞ ِﻣﻦ ِﻋﻨ ِﺪ ر ِّﺑﻨَﺎ وﻣﺎ‬
‫اﻟﺮ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َّ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﺎب )‪(4)(٧‬ر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ ﻻ ﺗ ُ ِﺰغ ﻗُﻠُﻮﺑﻨَﺎ ﺑﻌ َﺪ ِإذ َﻫ َﺪ ْﻳﺘﻨَﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻳ ّ َﺬ ّ َ‬
‫ﻛ ُﺮ ِإﻻ أُوﻟُﻮ اﻷﻟ َ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺐ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻣ ْ‬
‫وﻫ ْ‬
‫ﻚ ﺟﺎ ِﻣﻊ‬
‫ﻚ أَﻧﺖ اﻟﻮ ّ َﻫﺎب )‪(4B)(٨‬ر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ ِإ ّﻧ‬
‫ﻦ َﺪﻟﻧ‬
‫ﻚ ر ًﺔ ِإ ّﻧ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻒ اﻟ ِﻤﻴﻌ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫اﷲ ﻻ ﻳ‬
‫ﺎس ﻟِﻴ ْﻮ ٍم ﻻ ر ْﻳﺐ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ )‪ِ (4C‬إ ّ َن‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﺎد )‪ِ (2)(٩‬إ ّ َن ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ﻛﻔﺮوا ﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﺗ ْﻐﻨِﻲ ﻋ ْ ْﻢ أ ْﻣﻮاﻟ ْ وﻻ أ ْوﻻد ْ ِﻣﻦ اﷲِ ﺷ ْﻴ ًﺌﺎ وأُوﻟ ﻚ ْ‬
‫ُُ َ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َ َِ َ ُ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ ُ َ َّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺎر )‪  (١٠‬‬
‫َوﻗُﻮد ُاﻟﻨّ َ ِ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫)‪(5‬ﻗﻞ ﻟ ّ َ‬
‫ﻛ َﻔﺮوا ﺳﺘُﻐ َﻠﺒﻮن وﺗُﺤ َ ون ِإ َ ﺟ َﻬ ّ َ و ِﺑﺌﺲ اﻟ ِﻤ َﻬﺎد ‪ ‬‬
‫ﺬﻠﻳﻦ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ُ ِ ِ َ َ ُ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ٌ ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ى‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ي‬
‫أ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ َ ِ‬
‫)‪(6‬ﻓِ َﺌ ُ َ‬
‫ِ َ ِ ِ َّ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ َُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫واﷲ ﻳﺆﻳﺪ ﺑﻨ ْﺼﺮه ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﺸﺎء إن ﰲ ذﻟِﻚ ﻟ ِﻌ ْﱪ ً‬
‫ﺎر )‪(١٣‬‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫اﻷﺑ‬
‫ﻷو‬
‫ة‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ّ َ ُ ُ َ ِّ ُ ِ َ ِ ِ َ َ َ ُ ّ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫)‪Ale‐Imran (3‬‬

‫‪8.03‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫اﺧﺘﻼف اﻟﻠ ْ‬
‫)‪(3‬إن ﰲ ﺧ ْﻠﻖ اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات و ْ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫و‬
‫ض‬
‫اﻷر‬
‫ِ َ ِ ِ َّ ِ َ َّ َ ِ‬
‫ِ َّ ِ َ ِ َّ َ َ ِ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎب )‪  (١٩٠‬‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻵﻳ ٍ‬
‫ﺎت ﻷو ِ اﻷﻟ َ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫)‪(4‬رﺑﻨﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺧﻠ ْﻘﺖ ﻫﺬا ﺑﺎﻃﻼ ﺳ ْ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﻚ ﻓَ ِﻘﻨَﺎ ﻋ َﺬ‬
‫ﺎﻧ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫َ َّ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ‬
‫اب اﻟﻨّ َ ِ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﺧﺰ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ َ ََ‬
‫)‪َ (4B)(١٩١‬ر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ ِإ ّﻧَ َ‬
‫ﻚ َﻣﻦ ﺗ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﺎن أَن‬
‫ﻺﻳﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ي‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫(‬
‫‪١٩٢‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫َّ َ ِ َّ َ َ ِ َ ُ َ ِ ُ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ِﻣﻦ أ َ َ ٍ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫آ ِﻣﻨﻮا ﺑﺮﺑﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻏ ِﻔ ْ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻛ ِّﻔ ْﺮ ﻋﻨَّﺎ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮﺑ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺂﻣ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ ِ َ ِّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َﺳ ِ ّﻴ َﺌﺎ ِﺗﻨَﺎ َو َﺗ َﻮﻓَّﻨَﺎ َﻣ َﻊ اﻷﺑﺮ ِ‬
‫ار )‪َ (١٩٣‬ر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ َوآ ِﺗﻨَﺎ َﻣﺎ َو َﻋﺪ َﺗﻨَﺎ َﻋ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻒ اﻟ ِﻤﻴﻌﺎد )‪  (١٩٤‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫)‪(4C‬‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﺎﻣ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫رﺳﻠﻚ وﻻ ﺗ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ ُ ِ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺧ َﻠ ّ َ ُ ْﻢ‬
‫ﺎﺗﻠُﻮا وﻗ ُ ِﺘﻠُﻮا‬
‫ﻷﻛ ِّﻔﺮ ّ َن َﻋ ُ ْﻢ َﺳ ِ ّﻴ َﺌﺎ ِ ِ ْﻢ َوﻷد ِ‬
‫)‪َ (5‬و َﻗ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﷲ ِﻋﻨ َﺪه‬
‫و‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﻦ َﺗﺤ ِ ﺎ اﻷ‬
‫ﺎت َﺗﺠ ِﺮي ِﻣ‬
‫ﺟﻨ ّ َ ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻛ َﻔﺮوا ِﰲ اﻟ ِﺒﻼ ِد‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫اب )‪(2)(١٩٥‬ﻻ ﻳ ُ ّﻧ‬
‫ﺣ ْﺴﻦ اﻟﺜَّﻮ‬
‫ﻚ َﺗ َﻘ ّﻠُﺐ ّ َ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ ُ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫)‪(6)(١٩٦‬ﻣﺘﺎع َﻗ ِﻠﻴﻞ ُ ﻣﺄوا ُ ْ ﺟ َﻬ ّ َ و ِﺑﺌﺲ اﻟ ِﻤ َﻬﺎد )‪  (١٩٧‬‬
‫ََ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َّ َ َ‬
‫َ َُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﺎﷲِ وﻣﺎ أُﻧ ِﺰ َل‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ِ‬
‫)‪َ (1‬و ِإ ّ َن ِﻣﻦ أ َ ِ‬
‫َ ِ ََ‬
‫ُ ِ ُ ِ َّ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ وﻣﺎ أُﻧ ِﺰ َل ِإﻟَ ْ ِ ْﻢ ‪ ‬‬
‫ِإﻟَ ْﻴ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ‬

‫‪12‬‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫آﻳ‬
‫ﲔ )‪ِ (١‬إ ّﻧَﺎ أَﻧﺰﻟﻨَﺎه ﻗ ُ ْﺮآﻧًﺎ)‪ِ َ (2‬ﺑ ّﻴًﺎ‬
‫)‪(1‬‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ِ ُِ ِ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫اﻟﺮ ِﺗ َ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫)‪(3‬ﻟﻌﻠﻜ ْﻢ ﺗ ْﻌﻘﻠﻮن )‪(4)(٢‬ﻧ ْﺤﻦ ﻧﻘﺺ ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻚ أ ْ‬
‫ﺣﺴﻦ اﻟ َﻘﺼ ِﺺ ِﺑﻤﺎ‬
‫َ َ َّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ ِ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ َ ُ ُّ َ َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻚ)‪َ (5‬ﻫ َﺬا اﻟ ُﻘﺮآن و ِإن ﻛُﻨﺖ ِﻣﻦ َﻗﺒ ِﻪﻠِ ﻟَ ِﻤ‬
‫أ َ ْوﺣ ْﻴﻨَﺎ ِإﻟَ ْﻴ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ َﻐﺎﻓِ ِﻠﲔَ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬

‫)‪Yousuf (12‬‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻦﻗ ْ‬
‫وﻣﺎ أ ْرﺳ ْﻠﻨﺎ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ أَﻫ ِﻞ‬
‫ﻚ ِإﻻ ِرﺟﺎﻻ )‪(1‬ﻧُﻮ ِ ِإﻟَ ْ ِ ْﻢ)‪ِ (2‬ﻣ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫اﻷرض ﻓﻴﻨْﻈﺮوا ﻛ ْ‬
‫اﻟْﻘﺮى أﻓﻠ ْﻢ ﺴﲑوا ﰲ ْ‬
‫ﻛﺎن ﻋﺎ ِﻗﺒ ُﺔ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َُ َََ َِ ُ ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ََ ُ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺬﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫اﺗ َﻘﻮا)‪ (3‬أَﻓَﻼ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻵﺧ‬
‫ار‬
‫ﺪﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠ‬
‫َّ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َّ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ ِ َ ِِ َ َ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َﺗﻌ ِﻘﻠُﻮن ‪ ‬‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻛﺎن ﺣ ِﺪﻳﺜًﺎ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫)‪(5‬‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻷﻟ‬
‫ﻷو‬
‫ة‬
‫ﱪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫)‪(4‬ﻟَ َﻘ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ ِ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦﺗ ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟي ﺑ ْﲔ ﻳﺪ ْ‬
‫ﻳ ْﻔﱰى وﻟﻜ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﻛُ ّ ِﻞ َ ْ ٍء‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻖ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ُ ََ َ َ ِ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻫ ًﺪى ور ًﺔ ﻟِ َﻘ ْﻮ ٍم ﻳﺆ ِﻣﻨُﻮن )‪(١١١‬‬
‫َو ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫)‪Al Ra’d (13‬‬

‫‪13‬‬

‫‪  8.04‬‬

‫‪8.05‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﷲِ‬
‫ﻗُﻞ َ‬
‫ﻛ َﻔﻰ ِﺑ ّ َ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫آﻳ‬
‫ﻛﻔﺮوا)‪ (1‬ﻟَﺴﺖ ﻣﺮﺳﻼ)‪(2‬‬
‫)‪(3‬‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ي‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫)‪(2‬‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ِّ َ َ ّ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫اﻟﻤﺮ )‪ِ (1‬ﺗ َ َ ُ‬
‫َ َ ُ ُ‬
‫ِ َ َِ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻴﺪا ﺑ ْﻴﻨﻲ وﺑ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﺎب )‪  (٤٣‬‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫(‬
‫‪١‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺎس‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫)‪(3‬وﻟَ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َ َ ِ‬
‫ﻦ أَ َ َّ ِ‬
‫ِ َ ِ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ َ‬
‫ُ ِ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪8:48 ‬‬

‫‪1‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻜﺘﺎب)‪ (1‬وﻗ ْ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫آﻳ‬
‫آن‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﲔ )‪(2) (١‬رﺑ َﻤﺎ ﻳﻮ ّدُ ّ َ ِ‬
‫َ ُ ٍ ُِ ٍ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫اﻟﺮ ِﺗ َ َ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َُ ََ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻛﻔﺮوا ﻟ ْﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﻮا ﻣ ْﺴ ِﻠﻤﲔ )‪(3)(٢‬ذ ْر ْ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ َ ُ ُ ِ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ََ َ ُ َ ُ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻗ ْﺮﻳﺔ إﻻ وﻬﻟﺎ ﻛﺘ ٌ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫اﻷﻣ ُﻞ ﻓَﺴ ْﻮ َف ﻳﻌ َﻠ ُﻤ‬
‫ﻮن )‪َ (٣‬و َﻣﺎ أَﻫ َﻠﻜﻨَﺎ ِﻣ َ َ ٍ ِ َ َ َ َِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻮم )‪(٤‬ﻣﺎ ْﺴﺒﻖ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻣ ْﻌﻠ ٌ‬
‫ﺧﺮون )‪(4)(٥‬و َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا ﻳﺎ أ َ ّ ُ ﺎ‬
‫ﻦ أ ُ ّ َﻣ ٍﺔ أَﺟ َﻠ َﻬﺎ وﻣﺎ َ ْﺴﺘﺄ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟي ﻧﺰل ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻪ اﺬﻟ ْﻛﺮ إﻧﻚ ﻟﻤ ْﺠﻨ ٌ‬
‫ﻮن )‪(٦‬ﻟ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻜ ِﺔ ِإن‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴﻨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫َ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ ِ َ‬
‫ّ ِ ُ ِ ّ َ َ َ ِ ِّ ُ ِ ّ َ َ َ َ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﻟﺼﺎ ِد ِﻗﲔَ )‪(٧‬‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻛُﻨ َ َ ّ َ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ٰ‬
‫ب‬
‫ر‬
‫ﷲ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻌﺎﻟ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫)‪(1‬‬
‫ﺤ ُ ِ ّ ِ َ ِّ‬
‫َِ َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪Al Hijr‬‬

‫‪8.06‬‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺎ أَﻧﺰﻟﻨﺎ ﻋ َ اﻟﻤﻘ َ ِﺴ ِﻤﲔَ )‪َ ّ (٩٠‬‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻋﻀﲔ )‪(2)(٩١‬ﻓﻮرﺑﻚ ﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧُﻮا‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫(‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٩٢‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ ِّ َ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻳ ْﻌﻤﻠﻮن )‪(٩٣‬ﻓ ْ‬
‫ض‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ع‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ُ َ ُ َ ِ‬
‫َ ِ ُ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫)‪(4)(٩٤‬إﻧﺎ ﻛﻔ ْﻴﻨﺎك اﻟْﻤ ْﺴ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫اﷲِ ِإ َﻬﻟًﺎ‬
‫ﻊ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٩٥‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ِ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َّ‬
‫ِ َّ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ِ ِ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫آﺧﺮ ﻓﺴ ْ‬
‫ﻴﻖ ﺻﺪر َك ِﺑﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻀ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫(‬
‫‪٩٦‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ف‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫ُ َ ُ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮن )‪(٩٧‬ﻓﺴﺒ ْﺢ ﺑﺤ ْﻤﺪ رﺑﻚ وﻛ ْ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ِﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ َ ِ َ ِّ َ َ ُ‬
‫َ َ ِّ‬
‫َّ‬
‫َ ُ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟﻴ ِﻘﲔ ُ)‪(٩٩‬‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫)‪(٩٨‬واﻋﺒ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ُ َ َّ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫ﺟﻌﻠُﻮا)‪(1‬‬

‫‪Al‐ Fatiha‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫اﻟ ُﻘ ْﺮآن‬
‫َ‬

‫‪8.06‬‬

‫اﺬﻟ ْﻳﻦ أ ْﻧﻌ ْﻤﺖ ﻋﻠ ْ ْﻢ ﻏ ْﲑ اﻟْﻤ ْﻐﻀ ْ‬
‫)‪ِ (1‬ﺻﺮاط ّ َ‬
‫ب ﻋﻠَ ْ ِ ْﻢ وﻻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫َ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ ُ ِ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﻟﻀﺂﻟِّﲔَ ‪ ‬‬
‫ّ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

 

A Survey of the Some Literary Features of Surah Yousuf 
 

9.1
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
k.

The Layout of the Plot
Yousuf’s dream (4‐6).  
The brothers' plot against Yousuf (8‐18).  
Minister’s wife's attempt to seduce Yousuf (23‐29).  
A similar attempt by Egyptian ladies (30‐31).[3]  
Yousuf’s imprisonment (35).  
The king's dream (43‐44).  
The kings dream interpreted (45‐49) 
Yousuf’s release from prison (50) 
Confession of the ladies followed by minister’s wife (51) 
Brothers learn their lesson (58) 
Yousuf’s dream interpreted (100) 
‫ﻋ اﻟﻌﻜﺲ‬

‫اﻟﻠﻒ و اﻟ‬ 

Sections 9.2, 9.3 & 9.4 will be discussed in class
9.5
Character Depictions
Ya’qoub (AS)   
a. His opinions of his sons 

ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ٌ
ٌ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻗﺎل ﻳﺎ ﺑﻨﻲ ﻻ ﺗ ْﻘﺼ‬
ْ ‫ﺧﻮﺗﻚ ﻓﻴﻜﻴﺪوا ﻟﻚ ﻛ ْﻴ ًﺪا إن اﻟﺸ‬
‫ﻳﻞ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻴﻚ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫و‬
(
٥
)
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻺ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎك‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ؤ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺺ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ّ
َ
ِ
َ
ّ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ َ َ ُ
ِ
َّ
َ ُ َ ُ َ َ ُّ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ
َ
َ َ َ ُ
ُ َ َّ َ ُ َ َ َ
ُ ُّ َ
َ
ََ َ َ
َ
ْ ‫ﻦ ﻗ ْﺒﻞ إ‬
ْ ‫اﻷﺣﺎدﻳﺚ وﻳ ﻧ ْﻌﻤﺘﻪ ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻚ وﻋ آل ﻳ ْﻌﻘﻮب ﻛﻤﺎ أﺗﻤﻬﺎ ﻋ أﺑﻮ ْﻳﻚ ﻣ‬
ٌ ‫اﻫ و ِإ ْﺳﺤﺎق ِإن رﺑﻚ ﻋ ِﻠ‬
(٦) ٌ ‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
ِ ‫ﺣ‬
ِ
ُ
ِ
َ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ ُ ّ ِ ُ َ ِ ِ َ
َ َ َّ َ َّ َ َ
َ
َ َ
َ
 
b.  The first conflict in the story 

ْ
ٌ ْ
ْ
‫ﻼل‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫أ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻧ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫أ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮه‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫أ‬
  (٨) ‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
ٍ ِ ُ ٍ َ ِ َ َ َ َ َ ّ ِ َ ُ ُ َ َ َ ّ ِ َ ِ َ َ ِ ُ ّ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ ُ ُ ُ َ ُ َ ‫ِإ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫وﻟﻤﺎ ﻓﺼﻠﺖ اﻟْﻌﲑ ﻗﺎل أﺑﻮ ْ إ ﻷﺟﺪ رﻳﺢ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﻟ ْ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟ َﻘ ِﺪ ِ )‪(٩٥‬ﻓ َ َﻠ ّ َﻤﺎ أَن ﺟﺎء اﻟ ِﺸﲑ ُأَﻟ َﻘﺎه‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎﷲ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٩٤‬‬
‫)‬
‫ون‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫َ َ َّ َ َ َ ِ ِ ُ َ َ َ ُ ُ ِ ِ ّ‬
‫َ ُ َ ِّ ُ ِ‬
‫ِ ُ ِ َ ُ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ َّ ِ ِ َّ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺟﻬﻪ ﻓ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎرﺗ ّ َﺪ ﺑ ِﺼﲑً‬
‫اﷲِ ﻣﺎ ﻻ َﺗﻌﻠَ ُﻤﻮن )‪  (٩٦‬‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫أ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻋَو‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫‪c. His sharp intuition & divinely given spiritual healing: ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻗﺎل ﻳﺎ ﺑﻨﻲ ﻻ ﺗ ْﻘﺼ ْ‬
‫ﺧﻮﺗﻚ ﻓﻴﻜﻴﺪوا ﻟﻚ ﻛ ْﻴ ًﺪا إن اﻟﺸ ْ‬
‫ﺪ ّو ﻣ ِﺒﲔ )‪(٥‬‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻺ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎك‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ؤ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺺ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ‬
‫َّ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َ َّ َ ُ‬
‫َ ُ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ََ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻪﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮا ﻳﺎ أﺑﺎﻧﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻟﻚ ﻻ ﺗﺄ‬
‫ﺤﻮن )‪(١١‬‬
‫ﺎﺻ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َّ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ ِ َّ َ ُ َ َ ِ ُ َ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮا ﻟ ْ‬
‫ﺬﻟ ْﺋﺐ وﻧ ْﺤﻦ ﻋ ْﺼﺒ ٌﺔ إﻧﺎ إذ ً‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺎﺳﺮون )‪(١٤‬‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻪﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ َِ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ َ َ ُ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﷲ اﻟ ُﻤﺴﺘﻌﺎن ﻋ َ ﻣﺎ َﺗ ِﺼﻔُﻮن )‪(١٨‬‬
‫ﻜﻢ أَﻣ ًﺮا ﻓَﺼﱪ ﻴﻞ و‬
‫و‬
‫ﻜﻢ أَﻧﻔُﺴ‬
‫ﺟﺎءُوا َﻋ َ َﻗ ِﻤ ِ‬
‫ﻛ ِﺬ ٍ‬
‫ﻴﺼ ِﻪ ِﺑ َﺪ ٍم َ‬
‫ﺎل َﺑﻞ َﺳ ّ َﻮﻟَﺖ ﻟَ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ب َﻗ َ‬
‫َ ِ َ َّ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ََ ُ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬

‫‪d.  Intelligent foresight, not  naiveté  ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦ أ ْﺑﻮاب ﻣﺘﻔﺮﻗﺔ وﻣﺎ أ ْﻏﻨﻲ ﻋﻨْﻜ ْﻢ ﻣﻦ اﷲ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ادﺧﻠﻮا ﻣ ْ‬
‫وﻗﺎل ﻳﺎ ﺑﻨﻲ ﻻ ﺗ ْﺪﺧﻠﻮا ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ْ‬
‫ﺤﻜﻢ ِإﻻ ِ ّ َﷲِ ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ء‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ ِ َ َّ ِ ِ َ ِ ِ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ ِ َّ َ ُ ُ ِ َ ٍ َ ِ ٍ َ ُ ُ ِ َ َ ٍ ُ َ َ ِ ّ َ ٍ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺗﻮﻛ‬
‫ﻛﻠُﻮن )‪(٦٧‬‬
‫ﻛ ِﻞ اﻟ ُﻤﺘﻮ‬
‫ﺖ وﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ ِﻪ ﻓَﻠﻴﺘﻮ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ َّ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ََ‬
‫َََ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻗﺎل إﻧﻤﺎ أ ْﺷﻜﻮ ﺑﺜﻲ وﺣ ْ‬
‫اﷲِ ﻣﺎ ﻻ َﺗﻌ َﻠ ُﻤﻮن )‪(٨٦‬‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ ِ َّ َ َ ُ َ ِّ َ ُ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َ َ ُ َ َّ َ‬
‫‪e. Trust in Allah coupled with proper worldly precaution: the right balance between Divine Decree & Human Will ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫وﺗﻮ َ ﻋ ْ ْﻢ وﻗﺎل ﻳﺎ أﺳﻔﻰ ﻋ ﻳﻮﺳﻒ و ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺖﻋ ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻈ )‪(٨٤‬‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎه‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻀ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻛ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ََ ّ َ ُ َ َ َ َ ََ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ َ ّ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ ُ ِ َُ َ َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ٌ‬
‫ﺖ ﻟﻜ ْﻢ أ ْﻧﻔﺴﻜ ْﻢ أ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﱪ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻜ )‪(٨٣‬‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ُ َ ً‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َّ ُ َ َ ِ َ ِ ِ ِ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ﺎل َﺑ َ ّ َ َ َ‬
‫َﻗ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ َ ُ ُ‬
‫َِ َ َ‬
‫َّ ُ ُ َ َ ُ َ ُ‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪f. His sensitive nature coupled with his unflinching patience ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪Yousuf (AS) ‬‬
‫‪a.  The demeanor in speech as a young boy: ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ﺖ إ رأ ْﻳﺖ أﺣﺪ ﻋ ﻛ ْﻮﻛ ًﺒﺎ واﻟﺸ ْﻤﺲ واﻟْﻘﻤﺮ رأ ْﻳ ْ‬
‫ﺎﺟ ِﺪﻳﻦ )‪   (٤‬‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻷﺑ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﻮﺳ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِإ َ َ ُ ُ ُ ِ َ َ َ ِ ِ ّ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ّ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ ِ َ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪b. His acquaintance with the limitations & weaknesses of the nafs are a source of his moral strength: ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﺣ ٌ )‪  (٥٣‬‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﻷﻣ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫وﻣﺎ أُﺑ ِﺮئ ُ َﻧ‬
‫ﺣﻢ ر ِ ّﻲﺑ ِإ ّ َن ر ِ ّﻲﺑ َﻏﻔُﻮر ر ِ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺴﻮ ِء ِإﻻ َﻣﺎ ر ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُّ‬
‫َ َ َ ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َّ َ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺖ ﺑﻪ و ﺎ ﻟ ْﻮﻻ أ ْن رأى ﺑ ْﺮﻫﺎن رﺑﻪ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﻨ ْﺼﺮف ﻋﻨْﻪ اﻟﺴﻮء واﻟْﻔ ْﺤﺸﺎء إﻧﻪ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻋﺒﺎ ِد َﻧﺎ اﻟ ُﻤﺨﻠَ ِﺼﲔَ )‪  (٢٤‬‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫َ َ َ ِ َّ ُ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َوﻟَ َﻘ َ ّ َ ِ َ َ ّ َ ِ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ ِّ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ ُ ّ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻗﺎل رب اﻟﺴ ْﺠﻦ أﺣﺐ إ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳ ْﺪﻋﻮﻧﻨﻲ إﻟ ْﻴﻪ وإﻻ ﺗ ْﺼﺮ ْف ﻋﻨﻲ ﻛ ْﻴﺪﻫﻦ أ ْﺻﺐ إﻟ ْ ﻦ وأﻛ ْ‬
‫ﺎﻫ ِﻠﲔَ )‪(٣٣‬‬
‫ﻦ ِﻣﻦ اﻟ‬
‫ﺠ ِ‬
‫َ ِّ َ َ ُ ّ َ َ ُ ِ َ ِ ّ َ َ َ ُ‬
‫ُ َ َ ّ ُ ِ َ َّ ِ َّ َ ُ َ ِ ِ َ ِ َ ِ َ ِ‬
‫َ َ َ ِّ ِ ّ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫وﻣﺎ أُﺑ ِﺮئ ُ َﻧ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﻷﻣ‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﺣ ٌ )‪  (٥٣‬‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺴﻮ ِء ِإﻻ َﻣﺎ ر ِ‬
‫ﺣﻢ ر ِ ّﻲﺑ ِإ ّ َن ر ِ ّﻲﺑ َﻏﻔُﻮر ر ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُّ‬
‫َ َ َ ّ‬
‫َّ َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ ّ َ‬

‫‪c. While running towards the door is a worldly precaution, he calls upon help from Allah in his trials: ‬‬

‫‪d. He knows not to miss any opportunity to deliver his convictions: ‬‬

‫ﺑﺪا ﻟ ْ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﺑ ْﻌﺪ ﻣﺎ رأوا اﻵﻳﺎت ﻟ ْﺴﺠﻨﻨﻪ ﺣﺘﻰ ﺣﲔ )‪(٣٥‬ودﺧﻞ ﻣﻌﻪ اﻟﺴ ْﺠﻦ ﻓﺘﻴﺎن ﻗﺎل أﺣﺪﻫﻤﺎ إ أرا أ ْﻋﺼﺮ ْ‬
‫اﻵﺧﺮ ِإ ِ ّ أَر ِا‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫و‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ً‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ َ ُ ُ َّ ُ َ َّ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ّ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ ِِّ َ ِ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ُ َّ َ َ َ ُ ِ َ َ َ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫أ ْ ﻞﻓ ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻳﻪﻠِ َﻗ ْﺒ َﻞ أَن‬
‫و‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٣٦‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اك‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻳﻪﻠ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫َﲑ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﱫ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ر‬
‫ق‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ َ ِ ُ َ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ ِ ِ َ َّ ُ ُ َ ِ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ََ َ َ ُ‬
‫ُ َُّ َ َ‬
‫َ ِ ُ َ َ َ‬
‫ﻳﺄْﺗﻴﻜﻤﺎ ذﻟﻜﻤﺎ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻋﻠﻤﻨﻲ رﻲﺑ إ ﺗﺮ ْﻛﺖ ﻣﺔﻠ ﻗ ْﻮم ﻻ ﻳ ْﺆﻣﻨﻮن ﺑﺎﷲ و ْ ﺑﺎﻵﺧﺮة ْ ﻛﺎﻓﺮون )‪(٣٧‬واﺗﺒ ْﻌﺖ ﻣﺔﻠ آﺑﺎ ﻲ إ ْﺑﺮاﻫ وإ ْ‬
‫ﺎق‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ُ َ ِ َّ َ َّ َ ِ‬
‫َ ِ ُ َ َِ‬
‫ُ ِ َّ َ َ ٍ ُ ِ ُ َ ِ َّ ِ َ ُ ِ‬
‫ِّ‬
‫َ َّ َ ُ ِ َّ َ َ ِ ِ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ َ‬
‫ِ َ ِ ُ َ ِ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ِّ ِ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻓﻀﻞ اﷲ ﻋﻠ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ْ ٍء ذﻟﻚ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ك ﺑﺎﷲ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وﻳ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺣﺒ‬
‫ﻜﺮون )‪(٣٨‬ﻳﺎ ﺻﺎ‬
‫ﺎس ﻻ َﺸ‬
‫ﻦ أَﻛﺜَﺮ اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎس‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮب‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻲ ِّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫اﻟﺴﺠ ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ٌ‬
‫ﲑ أم اﷲ اﻟﻮاﺣﺪ اﻟﻘﻬﺎر )‪(٣٩‬ﻣﺎ ﺗ ْﻌﺒﺪون ﻣ ْ‬
‫أأ ْرﺑ ٌ‬
‫ﻦ دو ِﻧ ِﻪ إﻻ أ ْ ﺎء ً ْﻴﺘﻤﻮﻫﺎ أ ْﻧ ْ وآﺑﺎؤﻛ ْ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺎن ِإ ِن‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َُ ّ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ََ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎس ﻻ ﻳﻌ َﻠ ُﻤﻮن )‪  (٤٠‬‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎه‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﷲ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺪﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫إ‬
‫ُ ِ ِ ّ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ ِ ِ ّ َ ُ َ ِ َ ِّ ُ َ ِ ّ ُ َ َ ِ ّ َ َ َ ّ َ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫اك ِﻣﻦ اﻟ ُﻤﺤ ِﺴﻨِﲔَ )‪(٣٦‬‬
‫إﻧﺎ ﻧﺮ‬
‫ِ َّ َ َ َ َ‬

‫‪e.  Even in prison, his character and nobility is distinguishable: ‬‬

‫‪f.  Honor vs. Imprisonment ‬‬
‫‪g. He proves himself in position of rank ‬‬

h. Sharper in memory than his brothers: 

The Brothers: 
a.  Where does honor come from? 

ٌ
ْ
ْ ‫اﺟﻌ ْﻠﻨﻲ ﻋ ﺧﺰا ﻦ‬
ٌ
  (٥٥) ‫اﻷر ِض ِإ ِ ّ ﺣ ِﻔﻴﻆ ﻋ ِﻠ‬
‫ﻗﺎل‬
ِ
َ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
َ َ َ
َ
َ

ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﺧﻮة ﻳﻮﺳﻒ ﻓﺪﺧﻠﻮا ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻪ ﻓ ﻓ ْ و‬
  (٥٨) ‫ﻜﺮون‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻪﻟ‬
‫وﺟﺎء إ‬
َ ُ ِ ُ َُ ُ َ ُ َ َََ ِ َ َ ُ َ ََ َ ُ ُ ُ َ َِ َ َ
ْ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮا ﻟ‬
ً ‫ﺬﻟ ْﺋﺐ وﻧ ْﺤﻦ ﻋ ْﺼﺒ ٌﺔ إﻧﺎ إذ‬
‫ﻦ‬
  (١٤) ‫ﺎﺳﺮون‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻪﻠ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫أ‬
ِ
ِ
َ
ّ
ِ
ِ
َ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
َِ ُ َ
َ ُ َ
ُ
َ ُ ُ َ َ ُ

ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﺠ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﻮه‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻌ‬
  (١٥) ‫ﺐ وأَوﺣﻴﻨَﺎ ِإﻟَﻴ ِﻪ ﻟَﺘُﻨَ ِّﺒ َﺌ ّ َ ُﻢ ِﺑﺄَﻣ ِﺮ ِ َﻫ َﺬا و ُ ﻻ َﺸ ُ ون‬
ِ
َ
ِ
ُ َ َ ‫ﻓَ َﻠ ّ َﻤﺎ ذَ َﻫﺒُﻮا ِﺑ ِﻪ َوأ‬
َ ُ
َ
َ َ َ ُِ ُ َ َ
َ ّ ُ
َ

b.  Qur’ans depiction of their predisposition: 

c. The predisposition results in…: 

d.  In the end, there is admission of guilt: 

The minister’s wife: 
a.  Evil genius: 

ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
  (٨٩) ‫ﺎﻫﻠُﻮن‬
‫ﻗﺎل ﻫﻞ ﻋﻠﻤ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻌﻠ ﺑﻴﻮﺳﻒ وأﺧﻴﻪ إذ أﻧ‬
ِ ‫ﺟ‬
َ
َ ُ َ ِ ِ ِ َ َ َ ُ ُ ِ ُ ََ َ ُ ِ َ َ َ َ

ْ
ْ
ْ
  (٩١) َ‫ﺨﺎ ِﻃ ِ ﲔ‬
‫ك‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫آﺛ‬
‫ﺪ‬
ََ ‫اﷲ ُ َﻋ َﻠﻴﻨَﺎ َو ِإن ﻛُﻨَّﺎ ﻟ‬
َ ّ َ َ َ ‫ﺎﷲِ ﻟَ َﻘ‬
َ ّ ‫َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا َﺗ‬
ْ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮا ﻳﺎ أﺑﺎﻧﺎ‬
ْ ‫اﺳﺘ ْﻐ ِﻔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
(٩٧) َ‫ﺧﺎ ِﻃ ِ ﲔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻮﺑ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
ُ
ِ
َ
ّ
َ
ُ
َ
ّ
َ ََ َ ُ َ
َ
َ َ ُ َ
َ

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫و‬
ْ ‫ﺖ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺰاء ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ت ﻗﻤﻴﺼﻪ ﻣ‬
ٌ ‫ﻦ أراد ﺑﺄ ْﻫﻠﻚ ﺳﻮءًا إﻻ أ ْن ْﺴﺠﻦ أ ْو ﻋﺬ‬
(٢٥) ٌ ِ‫اب أَﻟ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ى‬
‫ﺪﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫د‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
ّ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ِ
ِ
ٍ
َ
َ َ َ َ َََ َ
ُ َ َ
ُ َ
َ َ َُ َ َ َ
َ َ َ ّ َ َ َ َ ُُ
َ
 

b. Motives for admission remain unclear.  (a) truth is about to come out anyway or (b) Yousuf (AS) leaves out her name when unraveling the 
conspiracy so she has a rare moment of moral integrity 
c. Dominating woman. If she can’t have Yousuf, she boasts that she can have him imprisoned.  The minister does nothing to undo his wife’s 
entanglements suggesting a domineering role in the house. 
 
 
 
 

‫‪The Minister: ‬‬
‫‪Speaks only on three occasions: ‬‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻣ ْﺼﺮ ْ‬
‫ﻻﻣﺮأﺗﻪ أ ْﻛﺮﻣﻲ ﻣ ْﺜﻮاه ﻋﺴﻰ أ ْن ﻳﻨْﻔﻌﻨﺎ أ ْ‬
‫اﺷﱰاه ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻜﻨﺎ ﻟﻴﻮﺳﻒ ﰲ ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ا‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫اﺬﻟي‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻳﻞ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ض‬
‫اﻷر‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎل ّ َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َّ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َّ ُ ُ َ ِ‬
‫َ َ َ ِ‬
‫َ ِ ِ‬
‫َو َﻗ َ‬
‫َ َُ ّ َ ُ‬
‫ََ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺐﻋ أ ْ‬
‫ﻳﺚ واﷲ ﻏﺎﻟِ ٌ‬
‫ﺎس ﻻ ﻳﻌ َﻠ ُﻤﻮن )‪(٢١‬‬
‫ﻦ أَﻛﺜَﺮ اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫اﻷﺣﺎ ِد ِ َ ّ َ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ ﻛ ْﻴﺪﻛﻦ إن ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻈ ٌ )‪(٢٨‬‬
‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ رأى ﻗﻤ‬
‫ﻦ َﻋ ِ‬
‫ﺎل ِإ ّﻧَﻪ ُ ِﻣ َ ِ ُ ّ َ ِ ّ َ َ‬
‫ﻴﺼﻪ ُﻗ ُ ّ َﺪ ِﻣﻦ دُﺑ ُ ٍﺮ َﻗ َ‬
‫ﻛﻴ َﺪﻛُ ّ َ‬
‫َ َ َّ َ َ َ ِ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ضﻋ ْ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺬﻟ‬
‫ﺨﺎ ِﻃ ِ ﲔَ )‪  (٢٩‬‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻒ أَ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻮﺳ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ُ ُ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

 

10  Coherence & Relationships Between Surahs 
 

10.1

The Relationship Between Surahs 17 & 18

10.2

Coherence & Continuity From Surahs 99‐114

99‐ALZILZAAL 
1. when the earth is shaken to Her (utmost) convulsion, 
2. and the earth throws up Her burdens (from within), 
3. and man cries (distressed): 'What is the matter with her?'‐ 
4. on that Day will she declare Her tidings: 
5. for that Thy Lord will have given Her inspiration. 
6. on that Day will men proceed In companies sorted out, to be shown the deeds that 
They (had done). 
7. then shall anyone who has done an atom's weight of good, see it! 
8. and anyone who has done an atom's weight of evil, shall see it. 
 

100‐AL’AADIAAT 
1. by the (Steeds) that run, with panting (breath), 
2. and strike sparks of fire, 
3. and push home the charge In the morning, 
4. and raise the dust In clouds the while, 
5. and penetrate Forthwith into the midst (of the foe) en masse;‐ 
6. truly man is, to His Lord, ungrateful; 
7. and to that (fact) He bears witness (by His deeds); 
8. and violent is He In His love of wealth. 
9. does He not know,‐ when that which is In the Graves is scattered abroad 
10. and that which is (locked up) In (human) breasts is made manifest‐ 
11. that their Lord had been well‐acquainted with them, (even to) that Day.? 
 

101‐ALQARE’AH 
1. the (Day) of noise and Clamour: 
2. what is the (Day) of noise and Clamour? 
3. and what will explain to Thee what the (Day) of noise and clamour is? 
4. (it is) a Day whereon men will be like moths scattered about, 
5. and the mountains will be like carded wool. 
6. then, He whose balance (of good deeds) will be (found) heavy, 
7. will be In a life of good pleasure and satisfaction. 
8. but He whose balance (of good deeds) will be (found) light,‐ 
9. will have His home In a (bottomless) Pit. 

3. and He sent against them Flights of birds,
4. striking them with stones of baked clay. 
5. then did He make them like an empty field of stalks and straw, (of which the corn) 
has been eaten up. 
 

106‐QURAISH 
1. for the Covenants (of security and safeguard enjoyed) by the Quraish, 
2. their Covenants (covering) journeys by winter and summer,‐ 
3. let them Adore the Lord of This house, 
4.  who  Provides  them  with  food  against  hunger,  and  with  security  against  fear  (of 
danger). 
 

107‐ALMA’OON 
1. seest Thou one who denies the Judgment (to come)? 
2. then such is the (man) who repulses the orphan (with harshness), 
3. and encourages not the feeding of the indigent. 
4. so woe to the worshippers 
5. who are neglectful of their prayers, 
6. those who (want but) to be seen (of men), 
7. but refuse (to supply) (Even) neighbourly needs. 
 

108‐ALKAUTHAR 
1. to Thee have we granted the Fount (of Abundance). 
2. Therefore to Thy Lord turn In prayer and sacrifice. 
3. for He who hateth thee, He will be cut off (from future Hope). 
1. say : O ye that reject Faith! 
 

109‐ALKAFIROON 
2. I worship not that which ye worship, 
3. nor will ye worship that which I worship. 
4. and I will not worship that which ye have been wont to worship, 
5. nor will ye worship that which I worship. 
6. to you be your way, and to me mine. 
 

110‐ALNASR 
1. when comes the help of Allah, and victory, 

10. and what will explain to Thee what This is? 
11. (it is) a Fire Blazing fiercely! 
 

102‐ALTAKATHUR 
1. the mutual rivalry for piling up (the good things of This world) diverts you (from the 
more serious things), 
2. until ye visit the graves. 
3. but Nay, ye soon shall know (the reality). 
4. again, ye soon shall know! 
5. Nay, were ye to know with certainty of mind, (ye would beware!) 
6. ye shall certainly see Hell‐Fire! 
7. again, ye shall see it with certainty of sight! 
8. then, shall ye be questioned that Day about the joy (ye indulged in!). 
 

2. and Thou dost see the people enter Allah.s Religion In crowds,
3.  celebrate  the  praises  of  Thy  Lord,  and  pray  for  His  forgiveness:  for  He  is  Oft‐
Returning (in Grace and mercy). 
 

111‐LAHAB 
1. perish the hands of the father of Flame! perish He! 
2. no profit to Him from all His wealth, and all His gains! 
3. burnt soon will He be In a Fire of Blazing Flame! 
4. His wife shall carry the (crackling) Wood ‐ As fuel!‐ 
5. a twisted rope of palm‐leaf fibre round Her (own) neck! 
 

112‐ALIKHLAAS 
1. say: He is Allah, the one and Only; 
2. Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; 
3. He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; 
4. and there is none like unto Him. 

103‐AL’ASR 
1. by (the Token of) time (through the ages), 
 
2. Verily man is In loss, 
113‐ALFALAQ 
3. except such As have Faith, and do righteous deeds, and (join together) In the mutual 
1. say: I seek refuge with the Lord of the dawn 
teaching of truth, and of patience and constancy. 
2. from the mischief of created things; 
 
104‐ALHUMAZAH 
3. from the mischief of darkness As it overspreads; 
1. woe to every (kind of) scandal‐monger and‐backbiter, 
4. from the mischief of those who practise secret arts; 
2. who pileth up wealth and layeth it by, 
5. and from the mischief of the envious one As He practises envy. 
 
3. Thinking that His wealth would make Him Last for ever! 
114‐ALNAAS 
4. by no means! He will be sure to be thrown into that which breaks to pieces, 
1. say: I seek refuge with the Lord and Cherisher of mankind, 
5. and what will explain to Thee that which breaks to pieces? 
2. the king (or Ruler) of mankind, 
6. (it is) the Fire of (the wrath of) Allah kindled (to a blaze), 
3. the Allah (for judge) of mankind,‐ 
7. the which doth Mount (right) to the hearts: 
4. from the mischief of the Whisperer (of Evil), who withdraws (after His whisper),‐ 
8. it shall be made into a vault over them, 
5. (the same) who whispers into the hearts of mankind,‐ 
9. In columns outstretched. 
6. among Jinns and among men. 
 
105‐ALFEEL 
 
1. seest Thou not How Thy Lord dealt with the companions of the Elephant? 
 
2. did He not make their treacherous plan go astray? 

 

 

11  Qur’anic Oaths 
 

11.1

43:2

ْ
ْ
ً‫(إﻧﺎ ﺟﻌ ْﻠﻨﺎه ﻗ ْﺮآﻧًﺎ ﺑﻴ‬٢) ‫ﻜﺘﺎب اﻟْﻤﺒﲔ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
  (٣) ‫ﻜ ْﻢ َﺗﻌ ِﻘﻠُﻮن‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫(واﻟ‬١) ‫ﺣﻢ‬
ِ
َ
ّ
ُ ُ َ َ َ َّ ِ ِ ِ ُ ِ َ
ُ
ََ ّ ِ َ َ
َ
َ

1. Ha‐Mim       2. by the Book that makes things clear,‐      3. we have made it a Qur'an In Arabic, that ye may be able to understand (and learn wisdom). 

11.2 

92:1‐4

ْ
ْ
ْ ‫(إن ﺳ ْﻌﻴﻜ‬٣) ‫اﻷﻧﺜﻰ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺧ‬
  (٤) ‫ﺸ ّ َﺘﻰ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
(
٢
)
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
(
١
)
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﺸ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫واﻟ ّﻠ َ ْﻴ ِﻞ ِإذَا ﻳ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﺗ‬
َ
ّ
َ
ِ
ّ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
َ َ ُ
َ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ َ
َ
َ َ
َ َ
َ
َ
َ َ

1. by the night As it conceals (the light);2. by the Day As it appears In glory;3. by (the Mystery of) the creation of male and female;‐   4. Verily, (the ends) ye strive for are diverse. 

11.3 

93:1‐4 

ٌ ْ
ْ ‫(واﻟﻠ‬١) ‫واﻟﻀ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻰﺠ‬
‫ﺳ‬
  (٤) َ ‫ﻚ ِﻣﻦ اﻷو‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻶﺧ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
(
٣
)
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
(
٢
)
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫د‬
‫و‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻴ‬
ِ
َّ َ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
ِ
َ
َ
ُ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ّ
َ َ
َ َ
َ ُّ َ
َ َ ّ َ َ َ َ
َ
َ

1. by the glorious morning light,   2. and by the night when it is still,‐   3. Thy Guardian‐Lord hath not forsaken thee, nor is He displeased.  4. and Verily the Hereafter will be 
better for Thee than the present. 

11.4 

84:16‐19

ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﱰﻛﱭ ﻃﺒ ًﻘﺎ ﻋ‬
ْ ‫(واﻟﻠ‬١٦) ‫ﻓﻼ أ ْﻗﺴﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻔﻖ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫َﺴ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫و‬
  (١٩) ‫ﻃﺒ ٍﻖ‬
(
١٨
)
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
(
١٧
)
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
ّ
ِ َ َّ ِ ُ ِ ُ َ
َ َ َِ ِ َ َ َ
َ َ َ َ َ ِ َّ َ
َ َ َ َ َ َّ ُ َ َ َ

16. so I do call to witness the ruddy glow of Sunset;   17. the night and its Homing;  18. and the moon In Her fullness:  19. ye shall surely travel from stage to stage. 
 

11.5 

77:1‐7

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ً
ً
ْ
ً
ْ
ْ
ً
ً
‫ﺪون‬
‫(إﻧﻤﺎ ﺗﻮﻋ‬٦) ‫ﻋﺬرا أَو ﻧُﺬرا‬
ِ ‫ﺎﺷﺮ‬
ِ ‫(واﻟﻨ‬٢) ‫ﺎت َﻋﺼﻔﺎ‬
ِ ‫(ﻓَﺎﻟ ُﻤﻠ ِﻘﻴ‬٤) ‫ﺎت ﻓَﺮﻗﺎ‬
ِ ‫ﺎر َﻗ‬
ِ ‫ﺎﺻ َﻔ‬
ِ ‫َواﻟ ُﻤﺮ َﺳ‬
ِ ‫(ﻓَﺎﻟ َﻌ‬١) ‫ﻼت ُ ﻓﺎ‬
ِ ‫(ﻓَﺎﻟ َﻔ‬٣) ‫ات َ ً ا‬
ُ (٥) ‫ﺎت ِذﻛ ًﺮا‬
َ ُ َ ُ َ َّ ِ
َ
َ َّ َ
  (٧) ‫ﻟَﻮا ِﻗ ٌﻊ‬
َ
1.

 
 
 
 

by the (Winds) sent forth one after another (to man's profit);  2. which then blow violently In tempestuous Gusts,  3. and scatter (things) far and wide;  4. then separate 
them, one from another,  5. then spread abroad a Message,  6. whether of Justification or of Warning;‐7. Assuredly, what ye are promised must come to pass. 

11.5 

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ٌ
ْ ‫(ﻓﺎﻟْﻤﻐﲑات ﺻ‬٢) ‫ﺣﺎ‬
ْ ‫واﻟْﻌﺎدﻳﺎت ﺿ‬
ْ
ْ
ً
ً
ً
ً
ً
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
  (٦) ‫ﻜﻨُﻮد‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
(
٥
)
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
(
٤
)
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
(
٣
)
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
(
١
)
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮر‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
ِ
ِ
َ
َ َ ِ ِّ َ ِ َ َ
َّ ِ
َ ِ ِ َ َََ
َ ِ َِ َ َ
َ ِ ِ َ َ ََ
َ ُِ َ
ُ
َ ِ ُ َ

100:1‐5

1. by the (Steeds) that run, with panting (breath),  2. and strike sparks of fire,   3. and push home the charge In the morning,   4. and raise the dust In clouds the while, 
5. and penetrate Forthwith into the midst (of the foe) en masse;‐  6. truly man is, to His Lord, ungrateful; 

11.6 

102:1‐3

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫واﻟْﻌ‬
ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ آﻣﻨﻮا وﻋﻤﻠﻮا اﻟﺼﺎﻟﺤﺎت وﺗﻮاﺻ ْﻮا ﺑﺎﻟْﺤﻖ وﺗﻮاﺻ‬
َ
ّ
  (٣) ‫ﱪ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺼ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
(
٢
)
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
(
١
)
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
‫ﺮﺴ‬
‫ﺧ‬
ََِ
ِ ٍ ُ
ِ َّ ِ َ َ َ َ ِ ّ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ َّ
ُ ِ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ
َّ ِ ِ َ َ
َ

1. by (the Token of) time (through the ages),   2. Verily man is In loss,   3. except such As have Faith, and do righteous deeds, and (join together) In the mutual teaching of truth, 
and of patience and constancy. 
 

11.7 

97:1‐4

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫واﻟﺘﲔ واﻟﺰ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﻮر‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪﻠ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫أ‬
  (٤) ٍ ‫ﻦ َﺗﻘ ِﻮ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺧ‬
(
٣
)
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫و‬
(
٢
)
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺳ‬
(
١
)
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫اﻹ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ُ
َ
ِ
ِ
َ
َِ َ
َ
ِ
ِ َ
َ
َ
َ َ َ
ُ َّ َ ِ ِّ َ
َ َ
َ
َ

1. by the Fig and the Olive,   2. and the Mount of Sinai,   3. and This City of security,‐   4. we have indeed created man In the best of moulds, 

 

 

12  Qur’anic Examples 
 

12.1

22:31

ْ ‫ﺣﻨﻔﺎء ِﷲ ﻏ ْﲑ ﻣ ْ ﻛﲔ ﺑﻪ وﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ ْ ْك ﺑﺎﷲ ﻓﻜﺄﻧﻤﺎ ﺧﺮ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺴﻤﺎ ِء ﻓﺘ ْﺨﻄﻔﻪ اﻟﻄّ َْﲑ أ ْو‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻳﺢ‬
‫اﻟﺮ‬
  (٣١) ‫ﻴﻖ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﻮ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ٍ
ُ ُ
َ َ َ َّ َ َّ َ َ َّ َ َّ ِ ِ ُ َ َ ِ ِ َ ِ ِ ُ َ َ ِ َّ َ َ َ ُ
َ ِ ُ ِّ ِ ِ َ ُ
َ ٍ

31. being true In Faith to Allah, and never assigning partners to him: if anyone assigns partners to Allah, is As if He had fallen from heaven and been snatched up by birds, or the 
wind had swooped (Like a bird on its prey) and thrown Him into a far‐ distant place. 

12.2 

2:74

ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ً
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻮﺑ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺸ ّ َﻘ ُﻖ ﻓَﻴﺨﺮج ِﻣﻨﻪ ُ اﻟﻤﺎء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ُ َﻗﺴ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ُ
َ
ّ
ّ
َ َ َِ َ َ َ
َ َ َ َ َّ ِ َ ُ َ
ُ
ُ ُ َّ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ
ُ ُُ
ُ ُ َ
ُ َ
َ َ
َ َّ ِ َ َ َ َ
َ َّ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫وإن ﻣ ْ ﺎ ﻟﻤﺎ‬
  (٧٤) ‫اﷲ ِﺑ َﻐﺎﻓِ ٍﻞ ﻋ ّ َﻤﺎ َﺗﻌﻤﻠُﻮن‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺸ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻂ‬
‫ﺒ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ُ
ِ
َ
ُ َّ َ َ َّ َ َ
َ َ
َ َ َ َ َّ ِ َ

74. Thenceforth were your hearts hardened: They became like a rock and Even worse In hardness. for among rocks there are some from which rivers gush forth; others there are 
which when split asunder send forth water; and others which sink for fear of Allah. and Allah is not unmindful of what ye do. 

12.3 

2:264,265 

ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ آﻣﻨﻮا ﻻ ﺗ‬
ْ ‫ﺎﺬﻟي ﻳﻨْﻔﻖ ﻣﺎﻪﻟ رﺋﺎء اﻟﻨﺎس وﻻ ﻳ ْﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﷲ واﻟْﻴ‬
َ
َ
ّ
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ان‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻪﻠ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻵﺧ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ى‬
‫اﻷذ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺒ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ٍ َ َ ِ َ َ َ ُُ َ َ َ ِ
َ
ُ
َ
َ
ّ
ِ
ّ
ُ
َ
َ
ُ
َ
ُ
ُ َ َ ِ ّ ‫َﻳﺎ أ َ ّ ُ َ ﺎ‬
ُ َ
ُ
ُ
َ
َ ّ َ
َ َ
َ َ ُ َ
ْ
ٌ
ْ ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻳﻨْﻔﻘﻮن أ‬
ٌ ‫ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻪ ﺗﺮ‬
ْ ‫ْ ٍء ﻣﻤﺎ ﻛﺴﺒﻮا واﷲ ﻻ‬
ً
َ
ّ
‫ﻋ‬
‫ون‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺪﻠ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﱰ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫اب ﻓَﺄَﺻﺎﺑﻪ ُ و‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
(
٢٦٤
)
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﺪ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
ِ
ّ
َ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ُ ِ َ َ
ُُ َ َ َ َ ُ ِ ُ َ ِ ُ َ َ َ
ُ
َ
َ َ ُ َ
َ
َ َ َ
َ
َ ُ َ ُ َ
َ
َ
ٌ
ٌ
ٌ
ْ
ٌ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻦ أ ْﻧﻔﺴ ْ ﻛﻤﺜﻞ ﺟﻨﺔ ﺑﺮ‬
ْ ‫ﻴﺘﺎ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﺖ أﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﺿ ْﻌﻔ ْﲔ ﻓﺈ ْن ﻟ ْﻢ ﻳﺼ‬
ً ‫ْاﺑ ِﺘﻐﺎء ﻣ ْﺮﺿﺎ ِة اﷲِ وﺗ ْﺜ ِﺒ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺂﺗ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫أ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
  ‫اﷲ ِﺑﻤﺎ َﺗﻌﻤﻠُﻮن ﺑ ِﺼﲑ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
ّ
ُ
ٍ
ٍ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
ِ
ُ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
ّ
ُ
َ َ
َ
َ َ َ َ
َ َ
َ َ َّ
ََ
َ
َ ُ َ
َ َ
َ َ ُ
َ ََ َ َ َ ّ َ َ َ

264. O ye who believe! cancel not your charity by reminders of your generosity or by injury,‐ like those who spend their substance to be seen of men, but believe neither In Allah 
nor In the Last Day. They are In parable like a hard, barren rock, on which is a Little soil: on it falls heavy rain, which leaves it (Just) a bare stone. They will be able to do nothing 
with aught They have earned. and Allah guideth not those who reject Faith. 
265. and the likeness of those who spend their substance, seeking to please Allah and to strengthen their souls, is As a garden, high and fertile: heavy rain falls on it but makes it 
yield a double increase of harvest, and if it receives not heavy rain, light moisture sufficeth it. Allah seeth well whatever ye do. 

12.4 

22:73

ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻳﺎ أ ﺎ اﻟﻨﺎس ﺿﺮب ﻣﺜ ٌﻞ ﻓ‬
ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﺗ ْﺪﻋﻮن ﻣ‬
ْ ‫اﺟﺘﻤﻌﻮا ﻪﻟ وإ ْن ْﺴﻠ‬
ً ‫اﺬﻟﺑﺎب ﺷ ْﻴ‬
ً
َ
ّ
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ون‬
‫د‬
‫ﻪﻟ‬
‫ﺬوه‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ُ
ِ َ َ َ ُ ُ ُ َ َ َّ ِ ُ
َّ ِ ُ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ ِ ُ ُ َّ َ ُ ّ َ َ
َ ُ َّ ُ ُ ُ َ ِ َ َُ ُ َ َ
َ ُ َ َ
ُ ُ َ َ

ْ ْ
ْ
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺿ‬
  (٧٣) ‫ﻒ اﻟﻄّ َﺎﻟِﺐ واﻟﻤﻄﻠُﻮب‬
‫ﻪ‬
َ ُ َ ُ ‫ِﻣﻨ‬
َ َ ُ
ُ

73. O men! here is a parable set forth! listen to it! those on whom, besides Allah, ye call, cannot create (Even) a fly, if They all met together for the purpose! and if the fly should 
snatch away anything from them, They would have no power to release it from the fly. feeble are those who petition and those whom They petition! 

12.5 

13:17

ْ ٌ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﺖ أ ْودﻳ ٌﺔ ﺑﻘﺪرﻫﺎ ﻓ‬
ْ ‫ﺎﺣﺘﻤﻞ اﻟﺴ ْﻴﻞ زﺑ ًﺪا راﺑﻴًﺎ وﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﻮﻗﺪون ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻪ ﰲ اﻟﻨﺎر ْاﺑﺘﻐﺎء ﺣ ْﻠﻴﺔ أ‬
ً
ٍ
‫ل‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻪﻠ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﺎع‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ٍ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ َِ َ ُُ
َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ ِ َّ ِ ِ َ َ َ ُ ُ َّ َ ِ َ َ َ ُ َّ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َ
َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻀﺮب اﷲ‬
ْ ‫ﻀﺮب اﷲ اﻟْﺤﻖ واﻟْﺒﺎﻃﻞ ﻓﺄﻣﺎ اﻟﺰﺑﺪ ﻓﻴ ْﺬﻫﺐ ﺟﻔﺎء ًوأﻣﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻨْﻔﻊ اﻟﻨﺎس ﻓﻴ ْﻤﻜﺚ ﰲ‬
‫ﻳ‬
  ‫ﺎل‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫اﻷﻣ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ض‬
‫اﻷر‬
ُ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
ِ ُ
َ َ
ُ َّ ُ ِ َ َ َ َ
َ َ َ َّ ُ َ َ َ َّ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ َ ُ َ َّ َّ َ َ َ َ َّ َ ُ َّ ُ ِ َ

17. He Sends down water from the skies, and the channels flow, Each according to its measure: but the torrent bears away to foam that mounts up to the surface. Even so, from 
that (ore) which They heat In the fire, to make ornaments or utensils therewith, there is a scum likewise. Thus doth Allah (by parables) Show forth truth and Vanity. for the scum 
disappears like froth cast out; while that which is for the good of Mankind remains on the earth. Thus doth Allah set forth parables. 

12.6 

47:29

ْ
ٌ
ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ أﺷﺪاء ﻋ اﻟْﻜﻔﺎر ر ﺎء ﺑ ْﻴ ْﻢ ﺗﺮا ْ رﻛ ًﻌﺎ ﺳﺠ ًﺪا ﻳ‬
ْ ‫ﻀﻼ ﻣﻦ اﷲ ور ْﺿﻮاﻧًﺎ ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ْ ﰲ وﺟﻮﻫ ْ ﻣ‬
َ
ّ
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻦ أ َ َﺛ ِﺮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫و‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻮل‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺒ‬
ِ
َ
ّ
ِ
ِ
ِ ِِ ُ ُ ِ ُ َ ِ
َِ َ ّ ِ
َ
َ
َ
ّ
ّ
ِ
ِ
َ
ُ
َ
ّ
ُ
َ َ ُ َ َ َّ ُ
ُ ُ َ ‫ﺤ ّ َﻤ‬
َ ُ َ َُ َ َ ُ
ُ ََ َ
َ ُ
َُ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫اﻹﻧﺠﻴﻞ ﻛﺰ‬
ْ ‫اﻟﺴﺠﻮد ذﻟﻚ ﻣﺜﻠ ْ ﰲ اﻟﺘ‬
ٍ
‫ه‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫ج‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ع‬
‫ر‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ة‬
‫ا‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻴﻆ ِ ِ ﻢ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اع‬
‫ر‬
‫اﻟﺰ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ى‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻆ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺂز‬
‫ﻓ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
ُ
ِ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ُ
َ َ َ َ َّ ِ ُ ُ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ ُ ُ ّ
َ ُ َ َ ُ َ َ َ
ُ َ ََ
ُ
َ
َ َ َّ ّ ُ
ُ
ْ
ْ ً ْ ْ ْ
ً
َ
ّ
  ‫ﻈﻴﻤﺎ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا وﻋ ِﻤﻠُﻮا اﻟﺼﺎﻟ‬
‫اﻟﻜﻔ‬
ِ ُ ‫اﷲ‬
ِ ‫ﺤ‬
ِ ‫ﺎت ِﻣ ُﻢ َﻣﻐ ِﻔﺮة َوأَﺟ ًﺮا َﻋ‬
َ ّ ‫ﺎر َو َﻋ َﺪ‬
َ ِ َّ
َ َ
َ َ
َ َّ ُ
َ

29.  Muhammad  is  the  apostle  of  Allah.  and  those  who  are  with  Him  are  strong  against  Unbelievers,  (but) compassionate  amongst  Each  other. Thou  wilt  see  them  bow  and 
prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allah and (His) good Pleasure. on their faces are their marks, (Being) the traces of their prostration. This is their similitude In 
the Taurat; and their similitude In the Gospel is: like a seed which Sends forth its blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thick, and it stands on its own stem, (filling) the 
sowers with wonder and Delight. As a result, it fills the unbelievers with rage at them. Allah has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds forgiveness, 
and a great reward. 
 

12.7 

57:20

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﺐ وﻬﻟ ْ ٌﻮ وزﻳﻨ ٌﺔ وﺗﻔﺎﺧ ٌﺮ ﺑ ْﻴﻨﻜ ْﻢ وﺗﻜﺎﺛ ٌﺮ ﰲ‬
ْ ‫اﻷﻣﻮال و‬
ْ ‫اﻷوﻻد ﻛﻤﺜﻞ ﻏ‬
ٌ
‫ﻜ ّ َﻔﺎر َﻧﺒﺎﺗُﻪ ُ ُ ِ ﻴﺞ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺚ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﺪﻟ‬
‫ﺎة‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
ٍ
َ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ّ
ِ
ِ
ُ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
َ َ َ
َ َ ُ
ُ َ
َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ
ُ َ َّ
َ
َ َ
َ
َ َ ُ
َ ُّ ُ َ َ َ
َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ٌ
ٌ ‫ﻳﺪ وﻣ ْﻐﻔﺮ ٌة ﻣﻦ اﷲ ور ْﺿﻮ‬
ٌ
  ‫ور‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎع‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﺪﻟ‬
‫ﺎة‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ان‬
‫ﻜﻮن ﺣﻄَﺎ ًﻣﺎ و ِﰲ‬
‫ﱰاه ﻣ ْﺼ َﻔ ًﺮا ُ ﻳ‬
ُ
ِ
ِ ُ ُ ُ َ َ ِ َ ُ ّ ُ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ ّ َ ِ ِ َ َ ‫اﻵﺧﺮ ِة َﻋ َﺬاب َﺷ ِﺪ‬
ُ ُ
ُ ُ ََ َ
َ
َ َّ ّ
َ
َ

20. know ye (all), that the life of This world is but play and amusement, pomp and mutual boasting and multiplying, (in rivalry) among yourselves, riches and children. here is a 
similitude: How rain and the growth which it brings forth, delight (the hearts of) the tillers; soon it withers; Thou wilt see it grow yellow; then it becomes dry and crumbles away. 
but In the Hereafter is a penalty severe (for the devotees of wrong). and forgiveness from Allah and (His) good pleasure (for the devotees of Allah.. and what is the life of This 
world, but goods and chattels of deception? 

 

 

13  Qur’anic Imagery 
 

13.1

81:17‐18

‫(و‬١٧) ‫واﻟ ّﻠ َ ْﻴ ِﻞ ِإذَا ﻋ ْﺴﻌﺲ‬
  (١٨) ‫اﻟﺼ ْﺒ ِﺢ ِإذَا َﺗﻨَ ّ َﻔﺲ‬
ُ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
َ َ َ

17. and the night As it dissipates;   18. and the dawn As it breathes away the darkness;‐ 

13.2 

9:38

ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫اﻧﻔﺮوا ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ اﷲ اﺛﺎﻗ ْﻠ‬
ْ
‫ﻜﻢ‬
‫ﻴﻞ ﻟ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ ِإذَا ِﻗ‬
‫ض‬
‫اﻷر‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ر‬
‫أ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫اﺪﻟﻧﻴﺎ ِﰲ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎع‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫اﻵﺧ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫اﺪﻟ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
ِ َ ّ ‫ﻳﺎ أ َ ّ ُ ﺎ‬
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ‫آﻣﻨُﻮا َﻣﺎ ﻟ‬
َ
ِ
َ
ِ
ّ
ُ
ُ
ُ
ُ
َ
ُ
َ
ّ
ّ
ُ
ُ
ََ َ َ
َ َ
َ
َ
َ َ
َ
َ َ
َ َ
َ َ
ُ
ُ
ٌ
(٣٨) ‫اﻵﺧﺮ ِة ِإﻻ َﻗ ِﻠﻴﻞ‬
ِ
َ

38. O ye who believe! what is the matter with you, that, when ye are asked to go forth In the cause of Allah, ye cling heavily to the earth? do ye prefer the life of This world to 
the Hereafter? but Little is the comfort of This life, As compared with the Hereafter. 
 

13.3 

2:250 

ْ
ْ
ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا أ ْوﻟِﻴﺎؤ اﻟﻄّ َﺎﻏﻮت ﻳ ْﺨﺮﺟﻮ‬
ُ
ُ
َ
ّ
ّ
ّ
‫إ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻚ أ َ ْﺻﺤﺎب‬
‫وﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮر‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻮر‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا ﻳ‬
ِ
ِ َ ّ ُ ّ ِ ‫اﷲ ُو‬
ُ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َِ
َ ِ ِ ُّ َ
ِ
ُ
َ
ُ
ِ
ُ
ّ
َ َِ
َ
ُ
َُ
َ
ُ َ
ُ
َ
َ َّ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ُُ ُ َ
َُ ُ ِ ُ ُ ُ
ُ
(٢٥٧) ‫ﺎﺪﻟون‬
‫ﺎر ُ ْ ِﻓ ﺎ‬
ُِ ‫ﺧ‬
ِ َ ّ‫اﻟﻨ‬
َ
َ
َ

257. Allah is the Protector of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness He will lead them forth into light. of those who reject Faith the patrons are the evil ones: from 
light They will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (for ever). 
 

13.4 

26:224, 225

ْ ‫(أﻟ ْﻢ ﺗﺮ أ‬٢٢٤) ‫واﻟﺸ اء ﻳﺘﺒﻌ اﻟْﻐﺎوون‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﻢ‬
(٢٢٥) ‫ﻴﻤﻮن‬
‫د‬
‫ا‬
‫و‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻛ‬
ّ
ٍ
َ ُ ِ َ َ ِ ُ ِ ُ َّ َ َ َ َ َ
َ ُ َ ُ ُ ُ ِ َّ َ ُ َ َ ُ ّ َ

224. and the Poets,‐ it is those straying In evil, who follow them:  225. seest Thou not that They wander distracted In every valley?‐ 
 
 
 
 
 

13.5 

21:18

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ٌ
‫ﻖ‬
‫اﻫ‬
‫ز‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻫ‬
  (١٨) ‫ﻜﻢ اﻟﻮ ْﻳ ُﻞ ِﻣ ّ َﻤﺎ َﺗ ِﺼﻔُﻮن‬
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ف‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
َ َ ِ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ ُ ُ َ َ َ ِ ِ َ َ َ ِ ّ َ ِ ُ ِ ‫َﺑﻞ َﻧ‬
َ
َ ُ ُ

18. Nay, we hurl the truth against falsehood, and it knocks out its brain, and Behold, falsehood doth perish! Ah! woe be to you for the (false) things ye ascribe (to us). 
 
 

13.5 

2:250

ْ ْ
ْ ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫غ ﻋﻠ‬
ْ
ً
‫ﻮت وﺟﻨُﻮ ِد ِه َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا ر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ أَﻓ ِﺮ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫اﻟ‬
  (٢٥٠) ‫ﻜﺎﻓِ ِﺮﻳﻦ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫اﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫اﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫أ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﱪ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫وﻟﻤﺎ ﺑﺮزوا ﻟﺠﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫و‬
ِ َ َ َ َ ُ
َ
ُ َ َ ُ َ ِ ُ َ َ َّ َ َ
َ َ َ َ
َ َ َ َ َ ِّ َ َ
َ
َ

250. when They advanced to meet Goliath and His forces, They prayed: "Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make Our steps firm: help us against those that reject faith." 
 

13.6 

76:10

10. "We only fear a Day of distressful wrath from the side of Our Lord." 
 

13.7 

ْ ً
  ‫ﻳﺮا‬
‫ﻳ ْﻮ ًﻣﺎ ﻋﺒ‬ ‫ﺎف ِﻣﻦ ّ َر ِّﺑﻨَﺎ‬
ً ‫ﻮﺳﺎ َﻗﻤﻄَ ِﺮ‬
ُ ‫ﺨ‬
َ ‫ِإ ّﻧَﺎ َﻧ‬
ُ َ
َ

6:125

ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ح ﺻ ْﺪره ﻟﻺ‬
ْ ْ ‫ ْ ﺪﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻦ ﻳﺮد اﷲ أن‬
ً
ً
‫اﻟﺮﺟﺲ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
 
‫ﺎء‬
‫ﻤ‬
 
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻪﻠ‬
‫ﻀ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫د‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫م‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ه‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺻ‬
َ
ّ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ُ
َ
ّ
َ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
ِ
ِ
ّ
ُ َّ َّ َ َ
َ َّ
َ َ َ
ُ
ُ َ َ
ُ َ َ
َ ّ ُ
َ َ ّ َُ َ َ َ َُ
َ َ ُ َ َ ُ ّ ُِ َ َ
ْ
َّ ‫ﻋ‬
  ‫ﻻ ﻳﺆ ِﻣﻨُﻮن‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
َ
ُ َ َ ِ َ َ

125. those whom Allah (in His plan) willeth to guide,‐ He openeth their breast to Islam; those whom He willeth to leave straying,‐ He maketh their breast close and constricted, 
As if They had to climb up to the skies: Thus doth Allah (heap) the penalty on those who refuse to believe. 
 

ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫وا ﻋ ْ ﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻟ ْ أ‬
‫ﻚ َﻧﺠ ِﺰي‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫و‬
 
‫ﺎط‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺞ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫و‬
 
‫ﺎء‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﱪ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺂﻳ‬
‫ﺑ‬
 
‫ﻮا‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫اب‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
ِ َ ّ ‫ِإ ّ َن‬
َ ‫ﻳﻦ‬
َ ِ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ ِّ َ ِ ُ َ َ َ ِ َ َ ّ َ َ َ ّ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ َ ّ ُ َ َ ُ َ ُ َ ّ َ ُ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ ُ ‫ﻛ ّ َﺬﺑ‬
َ
ْ ْ
   َ‫اﻟ ُﻤﺠ ِﺮ ِﻣﲔ‬

13.8 

7:40

40. to those who reject Our Signs and treat them with arrogance, no opening will there be of the gates of heaven, nor will They enter the garden, until the camel can pass 
through the eye of the needle: such is Our reward for those In sin. 

‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫وﻗﺪ ْﻣﻨﺎ إ ﻣﺎ ﻋﻤﻠﻮا‪ ‬ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻋﻤ ٍﻞ ﻓَﺠﻌﻠﻨﺎه ﻫﺒﺎء ﻣﻨﺜ ُ ً‬
‫ﻮرا ‪ ‬‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َ َ َّ‬
‫َ َ ِ َ َِ َ َ ِ ُ ِ َ َ‬

‫‪25:23‬‬

‫‪13.8 ‬‬

‫‪23. and we shall turn to whatever deeds They did (in This life), and we shall make such deeds As floating dust scattered about. ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪7:175‬‬

‫‪13.9 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟي آﺗ ْﻴﻨﺎه آﻳﺎﺗﻨﺎ ﻓﺎ ﺴﻠﺦ ﻣ ْ ﺎ ﻓﺄ ْﺗﺒﻌﻪ اﻟﺸ ْ‬
‫و ْاﺗﻞ ﻋﻠ ْ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫اﺗﺒﻊ‬
‫و‬
‫ض‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻷ‬
‫ا‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺪﻠ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ـ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫‪   ‬‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫ﺎه‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ ُ ِ َ َ َ َّ ُ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ََ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َّ َ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ َ ِ ََ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻫﻮاه ﻓﻤﺜﻪﻠ‬
‫ﻛﻤﺜَ ِﻞ اﻟﻜﻠﺐ إن ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻳﻠﻬﺚ أو ﺗﱰﻛﻪ ﻳﻠﻬﺚ ذﻟﻚ ﻣﺜﻞ اﻟﻘﻮم اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻛ ّ َﺬﺑﻮا ِﺑﺂﻳﺎ ِﺗﻨَﺎ ﻓَﺎﻗﺼ ِﺺ اﻟ َﻘﺼﺺ ﻟَﻌ ّﻠَ ُ ﻳﺘ َﻔﻜﺮون ‪ ‬‬
‫َ َ َ ََ‬
‫َ َ َُ َ َ ُُ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ِ ِ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ َّ ِ َ َ َ ُ َ ِ ِ َ َ ُ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪175. relate to them the story of the man to whom we sent Our Signs, but He passed them by: so Satan followed Him up, and He went astray.‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪14  Select Proverbial Quotes From The Qur’an  ‬‬
‫‪35:43 ‬‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻪﻠ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ّ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺊ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫و َﻻ ﻳ ِﺤﻴﻖ اﻟﻤ‬
‫َّ ِّ ِ ِ َ ِ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ ُ‬

‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪6:164‬‬
‫‪17:15 ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ٌ ْ‬
‫ازرة ِوزر أُﺧﺮى‬
‫وﻻ ﺗﺰر و‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َِ ُ َ ِ َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪35:18 ‬‬
‫‪39:7 ‬‬
‫‪10:23 ‬‬

‫‪74:38 ‬‬

‫‪55:26 ‬‬

‫‪6:67 ‬‬

‫‪17:84 ‬‬

‫‪28:77 ‬‬

‫‪28:77 ‬‬

‫إﻧﻤﺎ ﺑ ْﻐﻴﻜ ْ‬
‫ﻜﻢ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻧﻔ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ َّ َ َ ُ ُ َ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻛﺴﺒﺖ ر ِﻫﻴﻨَﺔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ ّ ُﻞ ﻧ‬
‫ُ َ ٍ ِ َ َ َ َ َ‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛُ ّ ُﻞ َﻣﻦ َﻋﻠَ َ ﺎ ﻓ َ ٍ‬

‫ﻜ ّ ِﻞ َﻧﺒ ٍﺈ ّ ُﻣ ْﺴﺘ َﻘ ٌﺮ‬
‫ﻟِّ‬
‫َ ّ‬
‫ُ َ‬

‫ْ ٌ ْ‬
‫ﻛ َﻠ ِﺘ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻗُﻞ ﻛُ ّﻞ َﻳﻌ َﻤ ُﻞ َﻋ َ َﺷﺎ ِ‬

‫ْ‬
‫اﺪﻟﻧﻴﺎ‬
‫و َﻻ َﺗ ﺲ َﻧ ِﺼﻴﺒﻚ ِﻣﻦ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻛﻤﺎ أ ْ‬
‫وأ ْ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﺣﺴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻦ ّ َُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬

‫‪23:53‬‬
‫‪30:32 ‬‬

‫‪63:4‬‬

‫‪18:104‬‬

‫‪22:73‬‬

‫‪5:1‬‬

‫‪59:14‬‬

‫ﻛ ّ ُﻞ ﺣ ْﺰب ﺑﻤﺎ ﺪﻟ ْ‬
‫ُ ِ ٍ ِ َ ََ‬

‫ِ ْﻢ ﻓ َ ِﺮﺣﻮن‬
‫ُ َ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ﻳﺤﺴﺒﻮن ﻛُ ّ َﻞ ﺻ ْﻴﺤ ٍﺔ ﻋ َﻠ ْ ِ ْﻢ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫و ُ ْ ﻳﺤﺴﺒﻮن أ َ ّ َ ْﻢ ﻳﺤ ِﺴﻨُﻮن ﺻﻨ ًﻌﺎ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َ ُ ُ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻒ اﻟﻄّ َﺎﻟِﺐ واﻟﻤﻄﻠُﻮب‬
‫َﺿ ُﻌ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬

‫ْ‬
‫ﺎاﺬﻟ ْﻳﻦ آﻣﻨ ُ ْﻮا أ َ ْوﻓ ُ ْﻮا ﺑﺎﻟ ُﻌﻘُ ْﻮ ِد‬
‫ﻳﺎأ َ ّ ُ ّ َ ِ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫َﺗﺤﺴ ْﻢ َ ِﻴ ًﻌﺎ وﻗُﻠُﻮ ْﻢ َﺷ ّ َﺘﻰ‬
‫ُُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُُ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

 

15  Dialogue in the Qur’an 
 

15.1

Dialogue between Allah & Ibrahim

ْ ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫وإذ ْاﺑﺘ إ ْﺑﺮاﻫ رﺑﻪ ﺑﻜﻠﻤﺎت ﻓﺄﺗﻤﻬﻦ ﻗﺎل إ ﺟﺎﻋﻠﻚ ﻟﻠﻨﺎس إﻣﺎ ًﻣﺎ ﻗﺎل وﻣ‬
ّ ‫ﺎل ﻋﻬ ِﺪي اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ ذ ُ ِّر ّ َﻳ ِﺘﻲ َﻗ‬
‫(و ِإذ ﺟﻌﻠﻨَﺎ اﻟﺒ ْﻴﺖ ﻣﺜَﺎﺑ ًﺔ‬١٢٤) َ‫ﻈَﺎﻟِ ِﻤﲔ‬
‫ﺎل ﻻ ﻳ َﻨ‬
ِ َ َ َ َ ِ ِ َّ ِ َ ُ ِ َ ّ ِ ِ َ َ َّ ُ َّ َ َ َ ٍ َ ِ َ ِ ُ ُ ّ
ِ
ُ
َ
َ
َ َ َ
َ َ َ َ
َ
ََ ِ َ ِ ََ ِ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻦ ﻣﻘﺎم إ ْﺑﺮاﻫ ﻣﺼ ً وﻋﻬ ْﺪﻧﺎ إ إ ْﺑﺮاﻫ وإ ْ ﺎﻋﻴﻞ أ ْن ﻃﻬﺮا ﺑ‬
ْ ‫ﻟﻠﻨﺎس وأ ْﻣﻨًﺎ واﺗﺨﺬوا ﻣ‬
ّ
‫(و ِإذ‬١٢٥) ‫اﻟﺴﺠﻮ ِد‬
‫ﻊ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫اﻟﺮ‬
‫و‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫َﺎ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻴ‬
ِ
ّ
َ
ِ
ّ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ َ ِ َّ ِ
َ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ّ
ِ
ِ
َ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ّ
ُ
ُّ َ
َ َ َ ُ َ
َ َ
َ ِ ُ ِ َّ َ
َ
َ َ
َ َ َ
َ
َ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻗﺎل إ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ آﻣﻦ ﻣ ْ ْﻢ ﺑﺎﷲ واﻟْﻴ ْﻮم اﻵﺧﺮ ﻗﺎل وﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﺪﻠا آﻣﻨًﺎ و‬
ْ ‫ارز ْق أ ْﻫﻪﻠ ﻣﻦ اﻟﺜﻤﺮات ﻣ‬
ً
‫ﻴﻼ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫اﻫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫إ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ب‬
‫ر‬
ِ
ِ
ِ َ ُ ُ ِّ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ ِ
َِ َ ّ ِ ُ ِ َ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
َ ِ ُ ُ ّ َ َ َّ ُ
َ
ّ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
ُ َ
ّ َُ
َ َ َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ َ َ
َ َ َ ُ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫(وإ ْذ ﻳ ْﺮﻓﻊ إ ْﺑﺮاﻫ اﻟْﻘﻮاﻋﺪ ﻣﻦ اﻟْﺒ‬١٢٦) ‫ﻋﺬاب اﻟﻨﺎر وﺑﺌْﺲ اﻟْﻤﺼﲑ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺎﻋ‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫(ر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ واﺟﻌﻠﻨَﺎ‬١٢٧) ‫اﻟﺴ ِﻤﻴﻊ اﻟﻌ ِﻠ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ ِ
َّ َ َ َ َّ َ ُ
ُ ِ َ
َّ َ َ َ َّ ِ َّ
َ ِ َ
َ َ
َ َ َ َ َ ُ ِ َ ِ َُ َ ِ َ
َ
َ ِ َ ِ َّ ِ َ َ
ُ َ ُ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻣ ْﺴﻠﻤ ْﲔ ﻟﻚ وﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﺐ ﻋﻠ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ ذرﻳﺘﻨﺎ أﻣ ًﺔ ﻣ ْﺴﻠﻤ ًﺔ ﻟﻚ وأرﻧﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﻜﻨﺎ وﺗ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫إ‬
‫(ر ّ َﺑﻨَﺎ و ْاﺑﻌﺚ ﻓِ ِ ْﻢ رﺳﻮﻻ ِﻣ ُ ْﻢ ﻳﺘﻠُﻮ‬١٢٨) ‫ﺣ‬
‫اﻟﺘ ّ َﻮاب اﻟﺮ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻴ‬
ُ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
َ َّ ِ َ َ َ ُ َ َ
َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ّ َ َ ّ ِّ ُ ِ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ ُ
َ َ
ُ َ
َّ ُ َّ َ
َ
َ
ُ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫(وﻣ‬١٢٩) ‫ﻜﻤﺔ وﻳﺰﻛ ْﻢ إﻧﻚ أ ْﻧﺖ اﻟْﻌﺰﻳﺰ اﻟْﺤﻜ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ ﻣ َﺔﻠ إ ْﺑﺮاﻫ إﻻ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ ﻳ ْﺮﻏﺐ ﻋ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻚ وﻳﻌ ِّﻠ ُﻤ ُ ُاﻟ‬
‫ﻦ ﺳ ِﻔﻪ َﻧﻔﺴﻪ ُ وﻟَ َﻘ ِﺪ‬
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْ ِ ْﻢ آﻳﺎ ِﺗ‬
ِ
ّ
ّ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ّ
َ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
َ ُ
َ
َ َ
َُ َ
َُ َ َ
َ َ َ
َ َ َ َ َ
َ َ َ
َ
ُ َ ُ
َ
َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫اﺻﻄﻔ‬
ْ ‫(إذ ﻗﺎل ﻪﻟ رﺑﻪ أ ْﺳ ِﻠ‬١٣٠) ‫اﻵﺧﺮ ِة ﻟﻤﻦ اﻟﺼﺎﻟِ ِﺤﲔ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫اﺪﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﺎه‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫و‬
‫و‬
(
١٣١
)
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ب‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻫ ﺑﻨِﻴ ِﻪ وﻳﻌ ُﻘﻮب ﻳﺎ‬
‫ﺻﻰ ِ ﺎ ِإ ْﺑﺮ‬
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
ِ
َ
ّ
َ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
َّ َ
َّ َ َ
َ
َ
ُ ُّ َ ُ َ َ
ُ َ َ ُّ
َ ّ َ ُ َ َ َ
َُ
َ ُ
َ َ
ُ َ َ
َ
َ َ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﺑﻨﻲ إن اﷲ‬
ْ ‫(أ ْم ﻛﻨْ ْ ﺷﻬﺪاء إ ْذ ﺣﻀﺮ ﻳ ْﻌﻘﻮب اﻟْﻤ‬١٣٢) ‫اﺻﻄﻔﻰ ﻟﻜﻢ اﺪﻟﻳﻦ ﻓﻼ ﺗﻤﻮﺗﻦ إﻻ وأ ْﻧ ْ ﻣ ْﺴﻠﻤﻮن‬
‫ﻦ ﺑﻌ ِﺪي‬
‫ﺪون ِﻣ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﻮ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
ُ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ُ
ُ
ُ
ُ
َ
ُ
َ
َ
َ َ
ُ ُ َ َّ ُ ُ َ
َ
َ ُ
َ َّ َّ ِ َّ ِ َ
ُ َ َ
َ
َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ
َ َ
َ ّ ُ
ْ
ْ ٌ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮا ﻧ ْﻌﺒﺪ إﻬﻟﻚ وإﻪﻟ آﺑﺎ ﻚ إ ْﺑﺮاﻫ وإ ْ ﺎﻋﻴﻞ وإ ْﺳﺤﺎق إﻬﻟًﺎ واﺣ ًﺪا وﻧ ْﺤﻦ ﻪﻟ ﻣ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻬﻟ‬
(
١٣٣
)
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺗ‬
ُ
َ
ِ
ِ
َ َ َ َ َ َ َ
َ َ َ َّ َ
ُ ُ َ ُ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ ِ َ ََِ َ َ َ َ ِ ُ ُ َ ُ َ
َ ُ
َ ُ
ْ
‫ﻛﺴ ْﺒ ُ ْ وﻻ ُ ْﺴﺄَﻟُﻮن ﻋ ّ َﻤﺎ‬
  (١٣٤) ‫ﻛﺎﻧُﻮا ﻳﻌﻤﻠُﻮن‬
َ
َ َ
َ َ َ
َ
َ َ
124. and remember that Abraham was tried by His Lord with certain commands, which He fulfilled: He said: "I will make Thee an Imam to the Nations." He pleaded: "And also 
(Imams) from My offspring!" He answered: "But My promise is not within the reach of evil‐doers."125. remember we made the House a place of assembly for men and a place of 
safety; and take ye the station of Abraham As a place of prayer; and we covenanted with Abraham and Isma'il, that They should sanctify My House for those who compass it 
round, or use it As a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein In prayer).   126. and remember Abraham said: "My Lord, make This a City of Peace, and feed its people 
with fruits,‐such of them As believe In Allah and the Last Day." He said: "(Yea), and such As reject Faith,‐for a while will I grant them their pleasure, but will soon drive them to 
the torment of Fire,‐ an evil destination (indeed)!"  127. and remember Abraham and Isma'il raised the foundations of the House (with This prayer): "Our Lord! Accept (this 
service) from us: for Thou art the All‐Hearing, the All‐Knowing.  128. "Our Lord! make of us Muslims, bowing to Thy (Will), and of Our progeny a people Muslim, bowing to Thy 

(will); and Show us Our place for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in Mercy); for Thou art the Oft‐Returning, Most Merciful.  129. "Our Lord! send amongst them 
an Messenger of their own, who shall rehearse Thy Signs to them and instruct them In Scripture and Wisdom, and sanctify them: for Thou art the Exalted In Might, the Wise."  
130. and who turns away from the Religion of Abraham but such As debase their souls with folly? Him we chose and rendered pure In This world: and He will be In the Hereafter 
In the ranks of the Righteous.  131. Behold! His Lord said to him: "Bow (thy will to Me):" He said: "I bow (my will) to the Lord and Cherisher of the Universe." 132. and This was 
the legacy that Abraham left to His sons, and so did Jacob; "Oh My sons! Allah hath chosen the Faith for you; then die not except In the Faith of Islam." 133. were ye witnesses 
when  death  appeared  before  Jacob?  Behold,  He  said  to  His  sons:  "What  will  ye  worship  after  me?"  They  said:  "We  shall  worship  Thy  Allah  and  the  Allah  of  Thy  fathers,  of 
Abraham, Isma'il and Isaac,‐ the one (true) Allah. to Him we bow (in Islam)."  134. that was a people that hath passed away. They shall reap the fruit of what They did, and ye of 
what ye do! of their merits there is no question In your case! 
  

15.1 

Stingy Gardeners in Dialogue

ٌ
ْ ‫ﻒﻣ‬
ْ ‫(ﻓﻄﺎف ﻋﻠ‬١٨) ‫(وﻻ ْﺴﺘ ْﺜﻨﻮن‬١٧) ‫إﻧﺎ ﺑﻠ ْﻮﻧﺎ ْ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺑﻠ ْﻮﻧﺎ أ ْﺻﺤﺎب اﻟْﺠﻨﺔ إ ْذ أ ْﻗﺴﻤﻮا ﻟﻴ ْﺼﺮﻣ ﺎ ﻣ ْﺼﺒﺤﲔ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻚ و ُ ْ َﻧﺎ ِ ُﻤﻮن‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ
َ ِ ِ ُ َ َّ ُ ِ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ ِ َّ َ
َ ُ َ َ َ
َ
َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َّ ِ
َ َ ِّ َ ِ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫(ﻓﺘﻨﺎد ْوا ﻣ‬٢٠) ‫ﺖ ﻛﺎﻟﺼﺮ‬
ْ ‫(ﻓﺄ‬١٩)
ْ ْ‫اﻏﺪوا ﻋ ﺣ ْﺮﺛﻜ ْﻢ إ ْن ﻛﻨ‬
ْ ‫ﺎﻧﻄﻠﻘﻮا و‬
‫(أَن ﻻ ﻳﺪﺧُ َﻠ ّ َ ﺎ‬٢٣) ‫ﺨﺎﻓَﺘُﻮن‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻓ‬
(
٢٢
)
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
(
٢١
)
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺻ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ِ
ُ
ِ
َ
ُ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
ُ
ُ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
ّ
ِ
َ ََ َ
َ
َ
َ
َ َ ََ
َ
ُ َ َ َ
َ
َ
َ ُ
َ
ْ ْ ْ
ْ
ٌ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﺎل أَوﺳﻄ ُ ُ أَﻟَﻢ أَﻗُﻞ‬
‫(ﺑﻞ ﻧﺤﻦ ﻣﺤﺮوﻣ‬٢٦) ‫ﻀﺎﻟُّﻮن‬
‫اﻟﻴﻮم ﻋ َﻠﻴ‬
‫(و َﻏ َﺪوا ﻋ ﺣﺮ ٍد ﻗﺎ ِدر‬٢٤) ‫ﻜﲔ‬
ِ ‫ﻜﻢ ِﻣﺴ‬
ُ
َ َ‫(ﻓ َ َﻠ ّ َﻤﺎ َرأَو َﻫﺎ َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا ِإ ّﻧَﺎ ﻟ‬٢٥) ‫ﻳﻦ‬
َ ‫( َﻗ‬٢٧) ‫ﻮن‬
َ َ َ
َ ُ ُ َ ُ َ َ
َ
َ
َ
َ ِ َ َ َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﻜ ْﻢ ﻟَ ْﻮﻻ ُﺴ ِّﺒ‬
‫(ﻋﺴﻰ‬٣١) َ‫ﺎﻏﲔ‬
‫ﻃ‬
‫( َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا ﻳﺎ و ْﻳ َﻠﻨَﺎ ِإ ّﻧَﺎ ﻛُﻨَّﺎ‬٣٠) ‫ﻀ ُ ﻋ َ ﺑﻌ ٍﺾ ﻳﺘﻼوﻣﻮن‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫(ﻓَﺄَﻗﺒ َﻞ ﺑ‬٢٩) َ‫ﻇﺎﻟِ ِﻤﲔ‬
‫( َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا ﺳ ْﺒﺤﺎن ر ِّﺑﻨَﺎ ِإ ّﻧَﺎ ﻛُﻨَّﺎ‬٢٨) ‫ﺤﻮن‬
ِ
َ
َ
َ‫ﻟ‬
ُ
ُ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ُ
َ
َ ُ َ
َ
َ َ
َ َ
َ
َ َ
َ
َ
ْ
ْ ‫(ﻛﺬﻟﻚ اﻟْﻌﺬاب وﻟﻌﺬاب اﻵﺧﺮة أ ْﻛﱪ ﻟ‬٣٢) ‫رﺑﻨﺎ أ ْن ﻳ ْﺒﺪﻟﻨﺎ ﺧ ْﲑًا ﻣ ْ ﺎ إﻧﺎ إ رﺑﻨﺎ راﻏﺒﻮن‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧُﻮا ﻳﻌ َﻠ ُﻤﻮن‬
‫ﻮ‬
َ َُ َ َ ِ َ ِ
َ َ َ ِ ُ َ َ ُّ َ
ُ َ ََ َ ُ َ َ َ َِ َ
َ
َ ُ ِ َ َ ِّ َ َ ِ َ ّ ِ َ ِ
َ

17. Verily we have tried them As we tried the people of the garden, when They resolved to gather the Fruits of the (garden) In the morning.  18. but made no reservation, ("If it 
be Allah.s Will").  19. then there came on the (garden) a visitation from Thy Lord, (which swept away) all around, while They were asleep.  20. so the (garden) became, by the 
morning, like a dark and desolate spot, (whose fruit had been gathered).  21. As the morning broke, They called out, one to another,‐  22. "Go ye to your tilth (betimes) In the 
morning, if ye would gather the fruits." 
23. so They departed, conversing In secret low tones, (saying)‐  24. "Let not a single indigent person break In upon you into the (garden) This Day."  25. and They opened the 
morning, strong In an (unjust) resolve.  26. but when They saw the (garden), They said: "We have surely lost Our way:  27. "Indeed we are shut out (of the Fruits of Our labour)!" 
28. said one of them, more just (than the rest): "Did I not say to you, 'Why not glorify ((Allah))?'"  29. They said: "Glory to Our Lord! Verily we have been doing wrong!" 
30. then They turned, one against another, In reproach.  31. They said: "Alas for us! we have indeed transgressed!  32. "It may be that Our Lord will give us In exchange a better 
(garden) than this: for we do turn to Him (in repentance)!"  33. such is the punishment (in This life); but greater is the punishment In the Hereafter,‐ if only They knew! 
 
 

15.3 

Dialogue between Musa (AS) and Fir’own

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫اﺋﺖ اﻟْﻘ‬
ْ ‫(ﻗ ْﻮم ﻓ ْﺮﻋ‬١٠) ‫ﻈَﺎﻟﻤﲔ‬
ّ
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻳﺰ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫وإن رﺑﻚ ﻬﻟﻮ اﻟ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
(
١١
)
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫أ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ى‬
‫ﺎد‬
‫ﻧ‬
(
٩
)
‫ﺣ‬
‫اﻟﺮ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫إ‬
‫ب‬
‫ر‬
ّ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ ُ َ ُ َ ُ َ َ ّ ِ ِ ِّ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ّ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ
ِ َ َ ُ َ ُّ َ َ َ ِ َ ُ
َّ ُ ِ َ َُ َ َ َّ َ َّ ِ َ
َ َ

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎذﻫﺒﺎ ﺑﺂﻳﺎ ِﺗﻨﺎ إﻧﺎ ﻣﻌﻜﻢْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫(‬
‫‪١٤‬‬
‫)‬
‫(‬
‫‪١٣‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫و‬
‫ي‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫)‪(١٢‬وﻳﻀﻴﻖ ﺻ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎف‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ون‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُُ ِ‬
‫َ َ ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ َ َّ َ‬
‫ُ َ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َّ َ َ‬
‫ِ َ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ ِ ُ َ ِ َ َ‬
‫ﻣ ْﺴﺘﻤﻌﻮن )‪(١٥‬ﻓﺄْﺗﻴﺎ ﻓ ْﺮﻋ ْﻮن ﻓﻘﻮﻻ إﻧﺎ رﺳﻮل رب اﻟْﻌﺎﻟﻤﲔ )‪(١٦‬أ ْن أ ْرﺳ ْﻞ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﺑﻨﻲ إ ْ‬
‫ﻴﺪا وﻟﺒ ْﺜﺖ ﻓﻴﻨﺎ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫(‬
‫‪١٧‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻋ ُﻤ ِﺮ َك‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴﻨ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫َ َ َ َ ُ ِّ َ ِ َ َ ِ‬
‫ِ َ‬
‫ِ ّ َ َ ُ ُ َ ِّ َ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ِ ِ‬
‫َ َِ ِ َ َ َ ُ‬
‫َ َِ َ ِ َ ِ ُ‬
‫ُ َ ِ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺳﻨﲔ )‪(١٨‬وﻓﻌ ْﻠﺖ ﻓ ْﻌﻠﺘﻚ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻓﻌ ْﻠﺖ وأ ْﻧﺖ ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻜﺎﻓﺮﻳﻦ )‪(١٩‬ﻗﺎل ﻓﻌ ْﻠ ﺎ إذًا وأﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻀﺎﻟﲔ )‪(٢٠‬ﻓﻔﺮ ْ‬
‫ﺧ ْﻔﺘﻜ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ت‬
‫ر‬
‫ّ َ ِّ‬
‫ُ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َّ ِ‬
‫ُ َ َّ ِ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ ِ‬
‫ِ ِ َ‬
‫َ ِِ َ َ َ ََ َُ ِ َ ََ َ‬
‫ََ َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ ََ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ر ِ ّﻲﺑ ﺣﻜﻤﺎ وﺟﻌﻠَﻨِﻲ ِﻣ‬
‫ب‬
‫ت َﺑﻨِﻲ ِإﺳﺮا ِ َ‬
‫ﺎل َر ّ ُ‬
‫ﺎل ﻓِﺮ َﻋﻮنُ َو َﻣﺎ َر ّ ُ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻧﻌ َﻤﺔ َﺗ ُﻤ ّ ُ َ ﺎ َﻋ َ ّ َ أَن َﻋ ّ َﺒﺪ َ‬
‫ﻦ اﻟ ُﻤﺮ َﺳ ِﻠﲔَ )‪َ (٢١‬و ِﺗﻠ َ‬
‫ب اﻟ َﻌﺎﻟَ ِﻤﲔَ )‪َ (٢٣‬ﻗ َ‬
‫ﻴﻞ )‪َ (٢٢‬ﻗ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫اﻷرض وﻣﺎ ﺑ ْﻴ ﻤﺎ إ ْن ﻛﻨْ ْ ﻣﻮﻗﻨﲔ )‪(٢٤‬ﻗﺎل ﻟﻤ ْ‬
‫اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات و ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﺣ ْﻮﻪﻟ أﻻ ْﺴﺘﻤﻌﻮن )‪(٢٥‬ﻗﺎل رﺑﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺎل ِإ ّ َن‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٢٦‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﻷو‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫آﺑ‬
‫ب‬
‫ر‬
‫و‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َ َ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ ْ ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟي أ ْرﺳﻞ إﻟ ْﻴﻜ ْﻢ ﻟﻤ ْﺠﻨ ٌ‬
‫ﻮن )‪(٢٧‬ﻗﺎل رب اﻟْﻤ ْ ق واﻟْﻤ ْ ب وﻣﺎ ﺑ ْ‬
‫اﺗﺨﺬت ِإ َﻬﻟ ً‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫ﲑي‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٢٨‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻜ ُﻢ ّ َ ِ ُ ِ َ ِ َ‬
‫َر ُﺳﻮﻟَ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ ِ ِ َ َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫ُ ََ ُ‬
‫َ َ َ ُّ َ ِ ِ َ َ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻷﺟﻌﻠﻨﻚ ﻣﻦ اﻟْﻤ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٣٠‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺸ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺌ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٢٩‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫اﻟﺼﺎ ِد ِﻗﲔَ )‪(٣١‬ﻓَﺄَﻟ َﻘﻰ ﻋﺼﺎه ﻓ َ ِﺈذَا ِﻫﻲ ﺛُﻌﺒﺎن ﻣ ِﺒﲔ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ‬
‫َ َّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦأ ْ‬
‫)‪(٣٢‬وﻧﺰع ﻳﺪه ﻓﺈذا ﻫﻲ ﺑ ْﻴﻀﺎء ﻟﻠﻨﺎﻇﺮﻳﻦ )‪(٣٣‬ﻗﺎل ﻟ ْﻠﻤﻺ ﺣ ْﻮﻪﻟ إن ﻫﺬا ﻟﺴﺎﺣ ٌﺮ ﻋﻠ ٌ )‪(٣٤‬ﻳﺮﻳﺪ أ ْن ﻳ ْﺨﺮﺟﻜ ْﻢ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ ِ ِﺴﺤ ِﺮ ِه ﻓَﻤﺎذَا‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ر‬
‫ُ ِ‬
‫ِ َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ِ َ‬
‫ُِ ُ َ ُ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ ِ َ َ َ ُ َّ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ ُ ِ َّ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﺷ ِﺮﻳﻦ )‪(٣٦‬ﻳﺄﺗﻮك ﺑﻜﻞ ﺳﺤ‬
‫َﺗﺄﻣﺮون )‪(٣٥‬ﻗﺎﻟﻮا أرﺟﻪ وأﺧﺎه واﺑﻌﺚ ﰲ اﻟﻤﺪا ﻦ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺎر ﻋ ِﻠ ٍ )‪(٣٧‬ﻓﺠﻤﻊ اﻟﺴ‬
‫ﺎت ﻳﻮ ٍم ﻣﻌﻠ ُ ٍ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ﻴﻘ ِ‬
‫ﻮم )‪َ (٣٨‬و ِﻗ َ‬
‫ﺤ َﺮة ُ ﻟِ ِﻤ َ‬
‫َ ُ ِ َ َّ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ ِ ُ ّ ِ َ َّ ٍ َ‬
‫ُ ُ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ ِ َ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ ِ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻨﺎس ﻫﻞ أ ْﻧ ْ ﻣ ْﺠﺘﻤﻌﻮن )‪(٣٩‬ﻟﻌﻠﻨﺎ ﻧﺘﺒﻊ اﻟﺴﺤﺮة إ ْن ﻛﺎﻧﻮا اﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﲔ )‪(٤٠‬ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺟﺎء اﻟﺴﺤﺮة ﻗﺎﻟﻮا ﻟﻔ ْﺮﻋ ْ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻷﺟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫أ‬
‫ن‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ً‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َّ َ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َّ َ َ َّ ِ ُ َّ َ َ َ ِ َ ُ ُ ُ َ ِ ِ َ َ َ َّ َ َ َّ َ َ ُ َ ُ ِ ِ َ َ َّ َ‬
‫ِ َّ ِ َ َ ُ ُ َ ِ ُ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫)‪(٤١‬ﻗﺎل ﻧﻌ ْﻢ وإﻧﻜ ْﻢ إذًا ﻟﻤﻦ اﻟْﻤﻘﺮﺑﲔ )‪(٤٢‬ﻗﺎل ﻟ ْ ﻣﻮ أﻟْﻘﻮا ﻣﺎ أ ْﻧ ْ ﻣ ْﻠﻘﻮن )‪(٤٣‬ﻓﺄﻟْﻘ ْ‬
‫ﺣﺒﺎﻟَ ُ و ِﻋ ِﺼ ّ َ ْﻢ و َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا ِﺑ ِﻌ ّ َﺰ ِة ﻓِ ْﺮﻋ ْﻮن ِإ ّﻧَﺎ ﻟَﻨَﺤﻦ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ ِ َّ‬
‫ََ َ‬
‫ُ ِ َ ِ َ ُ َ َّ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ ُ َ َ ُ ُ ُ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎه‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٤٤‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٤٧‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٤٥‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ب ﻣﻮ و َﻫﺎرون‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫آﻣ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٤٦‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎﺟ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫ب‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َّ َ ُ َ ِ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ ّ َ ِ َ ِّ َ َ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ ِّ ُ َ َ‬
‫ََ َ ُ َ َ َ َُِ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫اﺬﻟي ﻋﻠﻤﻜﻢ اﻟﺴ ْﺤﺮ ﻓﻠﺴ ْﻮف ﺗ ْﻌﻠﻤﻮن ﻷﻗﻄّﻌﻦ أ ْﻳﺪﻳﻜ ْﻢ وأ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫)‪(٤٨‬ﻗﺎل آﻣﻨْ ْ ﻪﻟ ﻗ ْﺒﻞ أ ْن آذن ﻟﻜ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻼف‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺧ ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ ِﻣﻦ ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ ََُ َ َ َ ََ‬
‫َُ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ ُ ّ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َّ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ ِ َّ ُ َ َ ِ ُ ُ ُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ﲑ ِإ ّﻧَﺎ ِإ َ ر ِّﺑﻨَﺎ ﻣﻨ َﻘ ِﻠﺒﻮن )‪(٥٠‬‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫(‬
‫‪٤٩‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫و‬
‫ِ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻷﺻ ِّﻠ َﺒﻨّ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﻜﻢ أ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪9. and Verily, Thy Lord is He, the Exalted In Might, Most Merciful.  10. Behold, Thy Lord called Moses: "Go to the people of iniquity,‐  11.  "The  people  of  the  Pharaoh:  will  They ‬‬
‫‪not fear Allah."   12. He said: "O My Lord! I do fear that They will charge me with falsehood:   13. "My breast will be straitened. and My speech may not go (smoothly): so send ‬‬
‫‪unto Aaron.   14. "And (further), They have a charge of crime against Me; and I fear They may slay me."   15. Allah said: "By no means! proceed then, both of you, with Our Signs; ‬‬
‫‪we are with you, and will listen (to your call).   16. "So go forth, both of you, to Pharaoh, and say: 'We have been sent by the Lord and Cherisher of the worlds; ‬‬

17. "'Send Thou with us the Children of Israel.'"   18. (Pharaoh) said: "Did we not cherish Thee As a child among us, and Didst Thou not stay In Our midst many years of Thy life? 
19. "And Thou Didst a deed of Thine which (thou knowest) Thou didst, and Thou art an ungrateful (wretch)!"   20. Moses said: "I did it then, when I was In error.   21. "So I fled 
from you (all) when I feared you; but My Lord has (since) invested me with Judgment (and wisdom) and appointed me As one of the apostles.   22. "And This is the favour with 
which Thou dost reproach me,‐ that Thou hast enslaved the Children of Israel!"   23. Pharaoh said: "And what is the 'Lord and Cherisher of the worlds'?"   24. (Moses) said: "The 
Lord and Cherisher of the heavens and the earth, and all between,‐ if ye Want to be Quite sure."   25. (Pharaoh) said to those around: "Did ye not listen (to what He says)?" 
26. (Moses) said: "Your Lord and the Lord of your fathers from the beginning!"   27. (Pharaoh) said: "Truly your apostle who has been sent to you is a veritable madman!" 
28. (Moses) said: "Lord of the east and the west, and all between! if ye only had sense!"   29. (Pharaoh) said: "If Thou dost put forward any god other than me, I will certainly put 
Thee In prison!"   30. (Moses) said: "Even if I showed you something Clear (and) convincing?"   31. (Pharaoh) said: "Show it then, if Thou tellest the truth!"   32. so (Moses) threw 
His rod, and Behold, it was a serpent, plain (for all to see)!   33. and He drew out His hand, and Behold, it was white to all beholders!   34. (Pharaoh) said to the Chiefs around 
him: "This is indeed a sorcerer well‐ versed:   35. "His plan is to get you out of your land by His sorcery; then what is it ye counsel?"   36. They said: "Keep Him and His brother In 
suspense (for a while), and dispatch to the cities heralds to collect‐   37. "And bring up to Thee all (our) sorcerers well‐versed."   38. so the sorcerers were got together for the 
appointment of a Day well‐known,   39. and the people were told: "Are ye (now) assembled?‐   40. "That we may follow the sorcerers (in religion) if They win?" 
41. so when the sorcerers arrived, They said to Pharaoh: "Of course ‐ shall we have a (suitable) reward if we win?   42. He said: "Yea, (and more),‐ for ye shall In that case be 
(raised to posts) nearest (to My person)."   43. Moses said to them: "Throw ye ‐ that which ye are about to throw!"   44. so They threw their ropes and their rods, and said: "By 
the might of Pharaoh, it is we who will certainly win!"   45. then Moses threw His rod, when, Behold, it straightway swallows up all the falsehoods which They fake! 
46. then  did  the  sorcerers  fall  down,  prostrate  In  adoration,    47.  saying:  "We believe  In the  Lord of  the Worlds,     48.  "The  Lord  of  Moses and  Aaron."     49.  said (Pharaoh): 
"Believe ye In Him before I give you permission? surely He is your leader, who has taught you sorcery! but soon shall ye know! Verily, I will cut off your hands and your feet on 
opposite sides, and I will crucify you all.   50. "Be sure I will cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, and I will cause you all to die on the cross!" 
 
 

 

 

16  The Placement of Qur’anic Stories 
 

16.1

The Adam (AS) Narrative in Al‐Baqarah (30‐38)

ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ آﻣﻨﻮا ﻓﻴ ْﻌﻠﻤﻮن أﻧﻪ اﻟْﺤﻖ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﻀﺮب ﻣﺜﻼ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﻮﺿ ًﺔ ﻓﻤﺎ ﻓ‬
ْ ‫ﻦر‬
َ
َ
ّ
ّ
‫اﷲ‬
‫اد‬
‫ر‬
‫أ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺎذ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻮﻟ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻮ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ُ
ّ َ ُ َّ َ ُ َ َ َ ُ َ َ
َُ ّ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ ُ َ َ َ
َ ّ ‫ِإ ّ َن‬
َ ّ َ ِ ِّ َ
َ ّ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ َ َ ِ ‫اﷲَ ﻻ َﺴ َﺘﺤ ِﻴﻲ أَن َﻳ‬
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ً
َ
ّ
‫اﷲ ِﺑ ِﻪ أ َن‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻀ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
(
٢٦
)
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺎﺳ‬
‫ﻔ‬
ِ ُ ‫ﻛ ِﺜﲑًا َو َﻣﺎ ﻳ‬
ِ ُ ‫ِ َﺬا َﻣﺜَﻼ ﻳ‬
َ ‫ﻛ ِﺜﲑا َو َ ِﺪي ِﺑ ِﻪ‬
َ ‫ﻀ ّ ُﻞ ِﺑ ِﻪ‬
َُ ّ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ َ َ ِ ِ َ ِ ِ َ ِ ِ َ ّ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ َ ِ
َ ِ ِ َ ‫ﻀ ّ ُﻞ ِﺑ ِﻪ ِإﻻ اﻟ‬
َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫اﺗﺎ ﻓﺄ‬
ْ ‫ﻳﻮﺻﻞ وﻳﻔﺴﺪون ﰲ‬
ْ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﻛ ْﻢ ﻳﻤﻴﺘﻜ‬
ً ‫(ﻛ ْﻴﻒ ﺗﻜﻔﺮون ﺑﺎﷲِ وﻛﻨْ ْ أ َ ْﻣﻮ‬٢٧) ‫ﺎﺳﺮون‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫وﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫ض‬
‫اﻷر‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻴﻜ ْﻢ ُ ِإﻟَ ْﻴ ِﻪ‬
ُ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ُ
ُ
ِ
ُ
َ
َ
ِ َ ُ ِ ُ َ َ َ ُ
ِ
ِ
َ
ّ
ُ
َ ُ ُ َ َ
َ ُ َ ُ َ
ُ َّ ُ ُ ُ ُ َّ ُ
َّ
َ
َ َ
َ ُ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫اﺳﺘﻮى إ اﻟﺴﻤﺎء ﻓﺴﻮاﻫﻦ ﺳ‬
ْ ‫اﺬﻟي ﺧﻠﻖ ﻟﻜ ْﻢ ﻣﺎ ﰲ‬
ٌ ‫ﻜ ّﻞ ْ ٍء ﻋ ِﻠ‬
ً ‫اﻷر ِض ِﻴ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
(
٢٩
)
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﻊ‬
‫ﺒ‬
(٢٨) ‫ﺗ ُ ْﺮﺟ ُﻌﻮن‬
ِ
ِ َ ّ ‫ﻫﻮ‬
ُ
ٍ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
ُ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
ُ
ُ
ُ
ُ
َ ّ َ َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
ّ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ٌ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻟ ْﻠﻤﻼ ﻜﺔ إ ﺟﺎﻋﻞ ﰲ‬
ْ ‫اﻷرض ﺧﻠﻴﻔ ًﺔ ﻗﺎﻟﻮا أﺗ ْﺠﻌﻞ ﻓ ﺎ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﻦ ﻳ ْﻔﺴﺪ ﻓ ﺎ و‬
‫ك‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎء‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺪﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺎل ِإ ِ ّ أَﻋ َﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻻ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫س‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺑ‬
ِ
ُ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ُ
ِ ِ َ ِِّ ِ َ ِ َ ِ
َ َ َ ُ
َ َ َ َ ُ ّ َُ َ َ
َ ِ ُ ِّ َ ُ َ َ َ َ ّ ُ
َ َ ُ َ َ َ
ُ َ َ
َ ُ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫اﻷرض ﺧﻠﻴﻔ ًﺔ ﻗﺎﻟﻮا أﺗ ْﺠﻌﻞ ﻓ ﺎ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫(وإ ْذ ﻗﺎل رﺑﻚ ﻟ ْﻠﻤﻼ ﻜﺔ إ ﺟﺎﻋ ٌﻞ ﰲ‬٣٠) ‫ﺗ ْﻌﻠﻤﻮن‬
ْ ‫ﻦ ﻳ ْﻔﺴﺪ ﻓ ﺎ و‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺪﻟﻣﺎء و َﻧﺤﻦ ُﺴ ِّﺒﺢ ِﺑﺤﻤ ِﺪ َك وﻧ ُ َﻘ ِّﺪس‬
‫ا‬
ِ
ِ ِ َ ّ ِ ِ ِ َ ِ َ ِ َ ُّ َ َ َ ِ َ
ُ
َ ُ َ ُ
َ ُ َ َ
َ
َ َ َ ّ ُ ِ َ َ َ ِ ُ ِ ُ َ َ ِ ُ َ ََ ُ َ َ ِ َ ِ
ْ
ْ
  ‫ﺎل ِإ ِ ّ أَﻋ َﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻻ َﺗﻌ َﻠ ُﻤﻮن‬
َ َ‫ﻟ‬
َ ‫ﻚ َﻗ‬
َ
َ ُ
26. Allah disdains not to use the similitude of things, lowest As well As highest. those who believe know that it is truth from their Lord; but those who reject Faith say: "What 
means Allah by This similitude?" by it He causes many to stray, and many He leads into the right path; but He causes not to stray, except those who forsake (the path),‐27. those 
who break Allah.s Covenant after it is ratified, and who sunder what Allah has ordered to be joined, and do mischief on earth: these cause loss (only) to themselves.28. How can 
ye  reject  the  Faith  In  Allah.‐  seeing  that  ye  were  without  life,  and  He  gave  you  life;  then  will  He  cause  you  to  die,  and  will  again  bring  you  to  life;  and  again  to  Him  will  ye 
return.29.  it  is  He  who  hath  created  for  you  all  things  that  are  on  earth;  Moreover  His  design  comprehended  the  heavens,  for  He  gave  order  and  perfection  to  the  seven 
firmaments; and of all things He hath perfect knowledge.30. Behold, Thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent on earth." They said: "Wilt Thou place therein one 
who will make mischief therein and shed blood?‐ whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?" He said: "I know what ye know not."31. and He taught Adam 
the nature of all things; then He placed them before the angels, and said: "Tell me the nature of these if ye are right. 

16.2 

The Narrative of Nuh in 11:23‐27

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﺧﺒﺘﻮا إ ر ْﻢ أوﻟ ﻚ أ‬
ْ
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻳﻘ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻷﻋ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
(
٢٣
)
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا وﻋ ِﻤﻠُﻮا اﻟﺼﺎﻟ‬
‫ون‬
‫ﺎﺪﻟ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫و‬
ِ
ِ َ ّ ‫ِإ ّ َن‬
ُ
ِ ‫ﺤ‬
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
ُ
َ
ِ
ُ
ِ
َ ِ َ َِ
َّ َ ُ َ
ِ
َ َِ
َ َ
ِ ِّ َ
ُ َ َ ‫ﺎت َوأ‬
َ ِ َّ
َ َ
َ ُ َ َ
َ َ
َ َ
َ َ ّ َ
ْ ْ ْ
ْ ‫(أ ْن ﻻ ﺗ ْﻌﺒﺪوا إﻻ اﷲ إ أﺧﺎف ﻋﻠ‬٢٥) ٌ‫ﻳﺮ ﻣﺒﲔ‬
ْ ‫ﺣﺎ إ ﻗ‬
ْ ‫ﻴﻊ ﻫ ْﻞ‬
ْ
ٌ
ً
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﻼ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ر‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
(
٢٤
)
‫ون‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫إ‬
ِ ‫واﻟﺴﻤ‬
َ
ِ َ ُ
ُِ
َ ِِّ ِ ِ َ َ ِ
َ َ ُ َ َ ّ ِ ِ َ َّ ِ ُ ُ َ َ
ُ
ُ َ َ َ ََ َ
َ ُ ّ َ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ َ َ َ ِ َّ َ

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ْ أرا ِذﻟﻨﺎ ﺑﺎ ِدي اﻟﺮأي وﻣﺎ ﻧﺮى ﻟﻜﻢ‬
َ
َ
ّ
ّ
‫(ﻓَ َﻘ‬٢٦) ٍ ِ‫ﻋ َﺬاب ﻳ ْﻮ ٍم أَﻟ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
ِ ‫ﺎل اﻟ َﻤﻸ‬
َ ّ ‫اك‬
َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ّ َ َ َ ُ َ َ ُ َ ِ ‫ﻚ ِإﻻ‬
َ ‫ﻳﻦ‬
َ ‫اك ِإﻻ َ َ ً ا ِﻣﺜ َﻠﻨَﺎ َو َﻣﺎ َﻧ َﺮ‬
َ ‫ﻛ َﻔ ُﺮوا ِﻣﻦ َﻗﻮ ِﻣ ِﻪ َﻣﺎ َﻧ َﺮ‬
ُ
َ ‫اﺗ َﺒ َﻌ‬
َ
َ
َ َ
َ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
  (٢٧) َ‫ﻛﺎ ِذ ِﺑﲔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻀ‬
ُ
ُ
َ ‫ﻜﻢ‬
ّ َ َ ٍ َ ‫َﻋ َﻠﻴﻨَﺎ ِﻣﻦ ﻓ‬
ُ

23. but those who believe and work righteousness, and humble themselves before their Lord,‐ They will be companions of the Gardens, to dwell therein for aye! 
24. these two kinds (of men) may be compared to the blind and Deaf, and those who can see and Hear well. are They equal when compared? will ye not then take heed? 
25. we sent Noah to His people (with a mission): "I have come to you with a Clear Warning:26. "That ye serve none but Allah. Verily I do fear for you the penalty of a grievous 
Day."27. but the Chiefs of the unbelievers among His people said: "We see (in) Thee nothing but a man like ourselves: nor do we see that any follow Thee but the meanest 
among us, In Judgment immature: nor do we see In you (all) any merit above us: In fact we thing ye are liars!" 
 
 

16:3 

The People of the case 18:1‐8

ْ
ْ ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ ً
ْ ً
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ً
َ
َ
ّ
ّ
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫اﻟﺼﺎ ِﻟ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺪ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻗ‬
(
١
)
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻪﻟ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ي‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﷲ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﺪﻟ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ ‫ﺤ‬
ِ
ِ َّ ُ ‫ﺤ‬
ِ َ َ َ َ َ َ
َ
َ ِ ِ ُ َ ِّ َ ُ َ ُ ُ َ ِ
َ
َ َّ َ ُ َ َ َ
َ َ ِ َُ َ َ َ َ َ َ
َ َ ِ ُ ِ ِّ َ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ‫(ﻣﺎ ﻟ ْ ﺑﻪ ﻣ‬٤) ‫ﺪﻟا‬
ْ ‫ﻦ ِﻋ ْﻠﻢ وﻻ ﻵﺑﺎ‬
ً ‫ﻛ ِﺜﲔ ﻓِﻴ ِﻪ أَﺑ‬
ً
ً
َ
ّ
‫اﻫ ِ ِإن‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫اﺗ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ر‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
(
٣
)
‫ا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
(
٢
)
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻛ ِﻠﻤ ًﺔ َﺗﺨﺮ‬
‫ﱪ‬
‫ﻛ‬
ً
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ ‫أ َ ّ َن ﻟَ ُ أ‬
ِ ‫ج ِﻣﻦ أَﻓﻮ‬
َ
ِ ُ َ َ
َ
َُ َ ِِ َ
َ َ
َ
َ
ُ ُ
َ ٍ
َ ُ َّ َ َ َّ ُ َ َ
َ ُ َ
َ
َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ ٌ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ً
ْ
ْ
ْ
ً
‫آﺛ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫(ﻓﻠﻌﻠﻚ ﺑﺎﺧﻊ ﻧ‬٥) ‫ﻛ ِﺬ ًﺑﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻘﻮﻟ‬
‫( ِإ ّﻧَﺎ ﺟﻌﻠﻨَﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻋ َ اﻷر ِض ِزﻳﻨَﺔ َﻬﻟَﺎ ﻟِﻨَﺒﻠُﻮ ُ أ َ ّ ُ ﻢ أَﺣﺴﻦ‬٦) ‫ﻳﺚ أَﺳﻔﺎ‬
‫ﺎر ِ ْ ِإن ﻟَ ْﻢ ﻳﺆ ِﻣﻨُﻮا ِ َﺬا اﻟﺤ ِﺪ‬
ِ
ِ
َ
َ ‫ﻮن ِإﻻ‬
َ
َ
َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ َّ َ َ َ
َ َ
َ َ
َ ُ ُ َ
ُ
ُ َ
َ
ُ
َ
َ
ْ ‫(أ ْم ﺣﺴ ْﺒﺖ أن أ ْﺻﺤﺎب اﻟْﻜ ْﻬﻒ واﻟﺮﻗ ﻛﺎﻧﻮا ﻣ‬٨) ‫ﻴﺪا ﺟﺮ ًزا‬
ً ‫ﺎﻋﻠﻮن ﻣﺎ ﻋﻠ ْ ﺎ ﺻ ِﻌ‬
(٩) ‫ﻦ آﻳﺎ ِﺗﻨَﺎ ﻋﺠ ًﺒﺎ‬
‫(وإﻧﺎ ﻟﺠ‬٧) ‫ﻋﻤﻼ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ُ
ّ
ِ
َ
َ
ُ
َ َ
َ
َ
َّ َ
َ
َ َ َ َ َ َ ُ ِ َ َ َّ ِ َ
َ
َ
ُ

1. Praise be to Allah, who hath sent to His servant the and hath allowed therein no Crookedness: 
2.  (He  hath  made  it)  straight  (and  Clear)  In  order  that  may  warn  (the  godless)  of  a  terrible  punishment  from  him,  and  that  He  may  glad  tidings  to  the  believers  who  work 
righteous deeds, that They shall a goodly reward, 
3. wherein They shall remain for ever: 
4. further, that He may warn those (also) who say, hath begotten a son": 
5. no knowledge have They of such a thing, nor had their it is a grievous thing that issues from their mouths As a saying what say is nothing but falsehood! 
6. Thou wouldst only, perchance, fret Thyself to death, after them, In grief, if They believe not In This Message. 
7. that which is on earth we have made but As a Show for the earth, In order that we may test them ‐ As to which of are best In conduct. 
8. Verily what is on earth we shall make but As dust and soil (without growth or herbage). 

16.4 

The Story of Taloot in 2:244‐246

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫(ﻣ‬٢٤٤) ٌ ‫ﻴﻊ ﻋﻠ‬
ٌ
ً ‫ﺎﻋﻔﻪ ﻪﻟ أ َ ْﺿﻌﺎﻓًﺎ ﻛ ِﺜﲑ‬
ْ
ً
ً
َ
ّ
‫ﻂ و ِإﻟَ ْﻴ ِﻪ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺾ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫و‬
‫ة‬
‫ﻀ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ي‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫اﻋ‬
‫اﷲِ و‬
‫وﻗﺎﺗﻠﻮا ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ض‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ن‬
‫أ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ُ
َ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ِ
ّ
ّ
ّ
َ
َ
ُ
َ
َ
َ ُ
َ َ َّ
ُ
َ
َ ُ ُ َ
َ ُ
ُ
َ
َ ُ َ َ
َ َّ ِ ِ َ ِ ُ ِ َ َ
َُ َ َ
َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ ْ
ْ ‫ﻦ ﺑﻨﻲ إ‬
ْ ‫(أﻟ ْﻢ ﺗﺮ إ اﻟْﻤﻺ ﻣ‬٢٤٥) ‫ﺗ ْﺮﺟﻌﻮن‬
ً ‫ﺚ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻣ ِﻠ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎل َﻫﻞ ﻋﺴﻴ ُ ِإن ﻛُ ِﺘﺐ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫اﺑ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ ِ
ِ
َُ
َ َ َّ ِ ِ َ ِ
َ ُ َ ُ
َ
َ ِ َ َ ِ َ َ ََ
َ َ َ َ ُ ُ َ ٍّ ِ َ ُ َ ِ َ ُ
َ
َ َ
َ

ْ
ْ
ْ ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﻋ َﻠ ْﻴ‬
‫ﺎل َﺗﻮﻟَّﻮا ِإﻻ َﻗ ِﻠﻴﻼ‬
‫ﺎر َﻧﺎ وأَﺑﻨَﺎ ِﻨَﺎ ﻓَﻠَ ّ َﻤﺎ ﻛُ ِﺘﺐ ﻋ َﻠ ِ ﻢ اﻟ ِﻘﺘ‬
‫اﷲِ و َﻗﺪ أُﺧ ِﺮﺟﻨَﺎ ِﻣﻦ ِدﻳ‬
‫ﻴﻞ‬
‫ﺎل أَﻻ ﺗ ُ َﻘﺎ ِﺗﻠُﻮا َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا وﻣﺎ ﻟَﻨَﺎ أَﻻ ﻧ ُ َﻘﺎ ِﺗ َﻞ ِﰲ ﺳ ِﺒ‬
‫ﻜﻢ اﻟ ِﻘﺘ‬
ِ
َ
ِ
ّ
ُ
ُ
ُ
َ ُ
َ ُ
َ
َ َ
َ َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ْ ْ ‫ِﻣ‬
ّ ‫اﷲ ﻋ ِﻠ ٌ ِﺑﺎﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻢ‬
  (٢٤٦) َ‫ﻈَﺎﻟِ ِﻤﲔ‬
َ ُ َّ َ ُ

244. then Fight In the cause of Allah, and know that Allah heareth and knoweth all things.  245. who is He that will loan to Allah a beautiful loan, which Allah will double unto His 
credit and multiply many times? it is Allah that giveth (you) Want or plenty, and to Him shall be your return. 246. hast Thou not turned Thy vision to the Chiefs of the Children of 
Israel after (the time of) Moses? They said to a prophet (That was) among them: "Appoint for us a king, that we may Fight In the cause of Allah." He said: "Is it not possible, if ye 
were commanded to fight, that that ye will not fight?" They said: "How could we refuse to Fight In the cause of Allah, seeing that we were turned out of Our homes and Our 
families?" but when They were commanded to fight, They turned back, except a small band among them. but Allah has full knowledge of those who do wrong. 
 
 

ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ٌ
ْ
ْ
ٌ ‫ﻴﻊ ﻋ ِﻠ‬
ّ
‫ﻬﻟ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫اﻟﺮ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺪﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎم‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫اﻧ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻰ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ة‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫اه‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻻ ِإ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﻮت‬
‫َﺎﻏ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺳ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻐ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺎﷲ‬
‫ﺑ‬
ِ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ ُ َ َ َ ِّ َ َ ِ ُ ُ ّ َ َّ َ َ َ ِ ّ ِ َ
ُ
َ ُ ِ َ ُ ِ َ َ َ
َ َ ِ َّ ِ ِ ُ َ
َ ِ َ ُ َّ َ َ َ َ ِ
َ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا أ ْوﻟِﻴﺎؤ اﻟﻄّ َﺎﻏﻮت ﻳ ْﺨﺮﺟﻮ‬
ُ
ُ
َ
ّ
ّ
ّ
‫ﻢ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮر‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ آﻣﻨﻮا ﻳ‬
(٢٥٦)
‫ﻚ‬
‫وﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻈ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻮر‬
‫اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
ِ
ِ َ ّ ُ ّ ِ ‫اﷲ ُ و‬
ُ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ ِ ِ ُّ َ
َ َِ
َُ
َُ
َ ِ ُّ َ ِ
َ َّ
َ ُ ُ ِ ُ ُ َ َ
ُُ ُ َ
َُ ُ ِ ُ ُ ُ
ُ َ َ َ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
َ ّ َ ‫(أَﻟَ ْﻢ ﺗﺮ ِإ‬٢٥٧) ‫ﺎﺪﻟون‬
َ
ّ
‫اﻫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺎل‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺎج ِإ ْﺑﺮ‬
‫اﺬﻟي ﺣ‬
‫ﺎر ُ ْ ﻓِ ﺎ‬
‫أ َ ْﺻﺤﺎب اﻟﻨ‬
‫ﺎل أ َ َﻧﺎ أُﺣ ِﻴﻲ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻴﺖ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ي‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻲﺑ‬
‫ر‬
‫ذ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﺎه‬
‫آﺗ‬
‫ن‬
‫اﻫ ِﰲ ر ِّﺑ ِﻪ أ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ّ
ّ
َ
َ
َ
َ َ ُ ُ َ ِ ُ
َّ ِ َ ُ
َ
َ
َ
َ
ّ
ُ
ُ ُ
ُ َ
َ ُ
َ َ
َ
َ
َ ْ َ
َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ‫وأﻣﻴﺖ ﻗﺎل إ‬
َ
ّ
ّ ‫اﷲ ﻻ ْ ِﺪي اﻟ َﻘ ْﻮم اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ق‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺲ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﺎﻟﺸ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﺈ‬
‫ﻓ‬
  (٢٥٨) َ‫ﻈَﺎﻟِ ِﻤﲔ‬
‫ن‬
‫اﻫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ب‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ي‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ﻓ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ُِ َ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ّ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
ِ
ِ َ َ ّ َّ َ ُ
َ َُِ ِ َ َ َِ َ
َ َ
َ ُ ّ َ َ َ
َ
َ َ َ ُ
16.5 

The Encounter of Ibrahim (AS) with the tyrant ruler  2:256‐258

256. let there be no compulsion In religion: truth stands out Clear from error: Whoever rejects evil and believes In Allah hath grasped the Most trustworthy hand‐hold, that 
never breaks. and Allah heareth and knoweth all things.  257. Allah is the Protector of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness He will lead them forth into light. of 
those who reject Faith the patrons are the evil ones: from light They will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire, to dwell therein (for 
ever).  258. hast Thou not turned Thy vision to one who disputed with Abraham about His Lord, because Allah had granted Him power? Abraham said: "My Lord is He who giveth 
life and death." He said: "I give life and death". said Abraham: "But it is Allah that causeth the sun to rise from the east: do Thou then cause Him to rise from the West." Thus was 
He confounded who (in arrogance) rejected Faith. nor doth Allah give guidance to a people unjust. 
 
 

 

 

17  Qur’anic Criticisms of Various Modes of False Reasoning 
17.1

The threat of force in debate

 

92. He said: "O My people! is then My family of more consideration with you 
than Allah. for ye cast Him away behind your backs (with contempt). but Verily 
My Lord Encompasseth on all sides all that ye do! 
19. "And Thou Didst a deed of Thine which (thou knowest) Thou didst, and Thou 
art an ungrateful (wretch)!" 
68. They said, "Burn Him and protect your gods, if ye do (anything at all)!"

116. They said: "If Thou desist not, O Noah! Thou shalt be stoned (to death)."

167. They said: "If Thou desist not, O Lut! Thou wilt Assuredly be cast out!"

17.2 

Character assassination

27. but the Chiefs of the unbelievers among His people said: "We see (in) Thee 
nothing but a man like ourselves: nor do we see that any follow Thee but the 
meanest among us, In Judgment immature: nor do we see In you (all) any merit 
above us: In fact we thing ye are liars!" 

ْ
ْ ‫ﻗﺎل ﻳﺎ ﻗ ْﻮم أر ْﻫﻄﻲ أﻋﺰ ﻋﻠ‬
ْ
‫ﺨﺬﺗ ُ ُﻤﻮه وراءﻛُ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫اﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
َ َ ُّ َ َ ِ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ
َ َّ َ ِ َّ َ ِ ُ
َ َ َُ
ٌ
ْ
ْ
  (٩٢) ‫ِﻇﻬ ِﺮ ًّﻳﺎ ِإ ّ َن ر ِ ّﻲﺑ ِﺑﻤﺎ َﺗﻌﻤﻠُﻮن ﻣ ِﺤﻴﻂ‬
َ
ُ َ َ
َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻠ‬
  (١٩) ‫ﻜﺎﻓِ ِﺮﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻲ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻓ‬
َ
ّ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ َ َ َ َ ‫َوﻓَ َﻌ‬
َ
َ َ َ َ ََ
ْ
ْ ْ ْ
‫آﻬﻟ‬
‫ﺘ‬
  (٦٨) َ‫ﺎﻋ ِﻠﲔ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫اﻧ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮا ﺣﺮﻗﻮه و‬
ِ
ِ َ ‫ﻜ ْﻢ ِإن ﻛُﻨ ُ ﻓ‬
ُ
ََ
ُ ُ َ ُ ُ ِّ َ ُ َ
ْ
ْ ْ ْ
ْ
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮا ﻟ ﻦ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻨ‬
‫ﻮﻧ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
  (١١٦) َ‫ﻦ ِﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﺮﺟﻮ ِﻣﲔ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻮح‬
‫ﻧ‬
ُ
ِ
ََ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ َِ ُ َ
ُ َ َ َّ َ
ْ ْ
ْ ْ ْ
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮا ﻟ ﻦ ﻟﻢ ﺗﻨ‬
‫ﻮﻧ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻟ‬
  (١٦٧) َ‫ﺟﲔ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﻦ ِﻣﻦ اﻟ ُﻤ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ط‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
ُ
ِ
ُ
ِ
ُ
ََ
َ َ َ َ َِ ُ َ
َ َّ َ
َ

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
َ
ّ
‫اك ِإﻻ َ َ ً ا ِﻣﺜ َﻠﻨَﺎ وﻣﺎ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
ِ ‫ﺎل اﻟ َﻤﻸ‬
َ ‫ﻳﻦ‬
َ ‫ﻛ َﻔ ُﺮوا ِﻣﻦ َﻗﻮ ِﻣ ِﻪ َﻣﺎ َﻧ َﺮ‬
َ ‫ﻓَ َﻘ‬
َ َ
َ
ْ
‫ﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ى‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫و‬
‫ي‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ُ ْ أَرا ِذﻟُﻨَﺎ ﺑﺎ ِدي‬
ِ َ ّ ‫ﻚ ِإﻻ‬
َ ّ ‫اك‬
َ َ َ َ َ ِ ‫اﻟﺮأ‬
َ ‫َﻧ َﺮ‬
ُ
َ ‫اﺗ َﺒ َﻌ‬
َّ َ َ
َ
َ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ ‫ﻀﻞ ﺑ ْﻞ ﻧﻈُﻨﻜ‬
  (٢٧) َ‫ﻛﺎ ِذ ِﺑﲔ‬
‫ﻢ‬
َ ُ ُ ّ َ َ ٍ َ ‫َﻋ َﻠﻴﻨَﺎ ِﻣﻦ ﻓ‬

 
11. "The people of the Pharaoh: will They not fear Allah."

36. when the unbelievers see thee, They treat Thee not except with ridicule. "Is 
this," (They say), "The one who talks of your gods?" and They blaspheme at the 
  mention of ((Allah)) Most Gracious!

(١١) ‫ َﻗ ْﻮم ﻓِ ْﺮﻋ ْﻮن أَﻻ ﻳ ّ َﺘ ُﻘﻮن‬ 
َ
َ َ َ َ

ْ
‫ن‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮوا إ‬
‫اﺬﻟي‬
‫وﻧ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺨ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳ‬
ِ َ ّ ‫آك‬
ِ َ ّ ‫ﻫ ُﺰ ًوا أ َ َﻫ َﺬا‬
ِ
ُ
َ ‫َو ِإذَا َر‬
َ
ّ
ُ ‫ﻚ ِإﻻ‬
َ َ
َ ِ ُ َ َ َ
ْ
ْ ‫آﻬﻟﺘﻜ ْﻢ و ْ ﺑﺬ ْﻛﺮ اﻟﺮ ْ ﻦ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
  (٣٦) ‫ﻛﺎﻓِﺮون‬
ِ
ِ
ََ ُ ُ َ
َ ُ َ ُ ِ َ َّ ِ ِ ُ َ ُ

11:92

26:19

21:68

26:116

26:167

11:27

26:11

21:36

47. They said: "Shall we believe In two men like ourselves? and their people are 
  subject to us!
27. (Pharaoh) said: "Truly your apostle who has been sent to you is a veritable 
  madman!"
153. They said: "Thou art only one of those bewitched! 154. "Thou art no more 
than a mortal like us: then bring us a Sign, if Thou tellest the truth!" 

ْ
ْ ‫ْﻳﻦ ﻣ ْﺜﻠﻨﺎ وﻗ‬
‫ﻟ‬
  (٤٧) ‫ﺪون‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﺎﺑ‬
‫ﻋ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ َ َ َ ُ
ُ ‫ﻓَ َﻘﺎﻟُﻮا أَﻧ‬
َ ُ ِ َ ََ َ ُُ َ َ َ
ٌ ‫اﺬﻟي أ ْرﺳﻞ إﻟ ْﻴﻜ ْﻢ ﻟﻤ ْﺠﻨ‬
  (٢٧) ‫ﻮن‬
َ‫ﺎل ِإ ّ َن َر ُﺳﻮﻟ‬
َ ِ َ ِ ُ ِ َ ّ ‫ﻜ ُﻢ‬
ُ
َ ‫َﻗ‬
ُ ََ ُ
ْ
ْ
ْ ٌ
ْ
ْ
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮا إﻧﻤﺎ أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
(
١٥٣
)
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ت‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
ِ َ َُ ِ َ َ ِ َ َ َ
ِ
َ َ َ َّ ِ ُ َ
َ ِ َّ َ ُ َ
ْ ْ
  (١٥٤) َ‫اﻟﺼﺎ ِد ِﻗﲔ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﺑ‬
ِ
َ ّ َ َ ‫ﺂﻳ ٍﺔ ِإن ﻛُﻨ‬
َ ِ

 
185. They said: "Thou art only one of those bewitched!

52. "Am I not better than This (Moses), who is a contemptible wretch and can 
  scarcely express Himself clearly?

17.3 

Stirring up an emotional crowd

63.  They  said:  "These  two  are  certainly  (expert)  magicians:  their  object  is  to 
drive you out from your land with their Magic, and to do away with your Most 
cherished institutions.     64. "Therefore concert your plan, and then assemble In 
(serried) ranks: He wins (All along) today who gains the upper hand." 
 

17.5 

ْ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻮا إ ْن ﻫﺬان ﻟﺴﺎﺣﺮان ﻳﺮﻳﺪان أ ْن ﻳ ْﺨﺮﺟﺎﻛ ْﻢ ﻣ‬
ْ ‫ﻦأ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ‬
‫ﺿ‬
‫ر‬
ِ ُ َ ِ ُ َ ِ َ ُِ ِ ِ
ِ
َ
ُ
َ َ ِ َ َ ِ ُ َ
َ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ﻛ ْﻴ َﺪﻛُ ْﻢ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻓ‬
(
٦٣
)
‫ﺜ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻳﻘ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻄ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ِ ِﺴ‬
ِ
ِ
َ
َ ُ ُ ُ
ِ
َ ُ ِ ََ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ َ َ َ َ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ً
ْ ْ
ْ
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫و‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺢ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫اﺋ‬
  (٦٤) َ ‫ﻦ اﺳﺘﻌ‬
َ
َ َ ّ َ ُ َّ ُ
َ ِ َ َ َ َ َ

26:27

26:153‐
  154

26:185

43:52

20:63‐64

To make the opponent question their own modesty or loyalty

18.  (Pharaoh)  said:  "Did  we  not  cherish  Thee  As  a  child  among  us,  and  Didst 
Thou not stay In Our midst many years of Thy life? 

52.  Behold!  He  said  to  His  father  and  His  people,  "What  are  these  images,  to 
which ye are (so assiduously) devoted?" 
53. They said, "We found Our fathers worshipping them." 

17.6 

ْ
ْ
‫ﺖ‬
‫ﻧ‬
(١٨٥) ‫ﺤ ِﺮﻳﻦ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
َ ّ َ ُ َ ِ َ َ ‫ َﻗﺎﻟُﻮا ِإ ّﻧَ َﻤﺎ أ‬ 
َ
ٌ
ٌ ْ
ْ ‫ﲑﻣ‬
ْ‫أ‬
َ
ّ
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﻦ‬
  (٥٢)ُ ‫ﻜﺎد ﻳ ِﺒﲔ‬
‫ﻫﻮ ﻣ ِﻬﲔ وﻻ ﻳ‬
‫ي‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫ا‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫أ‬
‫م‬
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
َ
ُ
َ
َ َ َ
ُ ُ َ َ
َ َ

23:47

ْ ‫ﻴﺪا وﻟﺒ ْﺜﺖ ﻓﻴﻨﺎ ﻣ‬
ً ِ‫ﻗﺎل أَﻟ ْﻢ ﻧﺮﺑﻚ ﻓِﻴﻨﺎ وﻟ‬
‫ﻦ‬
  (١٨) َ‫ﻋ ُﻤ ِﺮ َك ِﺳﻨِﲔ‬
ُ ِ َ ِ َ َِ َ
َ َ َ ِّ َ ُ َ َ َ
 
ْ
ْ ‫إ ْذ ﻗﺎل ﻷﺑﻴﻪ وﻗ‬
‫ه‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﻫ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟﺘ‬
‫ﻛﻔُﻮن‬
‫ﻴﻞ اﻟّ َ ِﺘﻲ أَﻧ ُ ْ َﻬﻟَﺎ ﻋﺎ‬
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ُ
َ َ ِ ِ َ َ ِ
َ َ
َ َّ
َ
َ
ْ
‫ﻬﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺎء‬
‫آﺑ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫(ﻗﺎﻟﻮا و‬٥٢)
  (٥٣) ‫ﺎﺑ ِﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻋ‬
َ
ِ َ َ ََ َ َ ‫ﺟ‬
َ َ ُ َ
َ

26:18

21:52‐53

To rephrase the opponents position falsely and then to refute it

59.  the  similitude  of  Jesus  before  Allah  is  As  that  of  Adam;  He  created 
Him from dust, then said to him: "Be". and He was. 

ْ ‫ﻦ ﺗﺮاب ﻗﺎل ﻪﻟ ﻛ‬
ْ ‫إن ﻣﺜﻞ ﻋ ﺴﻰ ﻋﻨْﺪ اﷲ ﻛﻤﺜﻞ آدم ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻣ‬
‫ﻜﻮن‬
‫ﻦ ﻓَﻴ‬
ُ
ِ
ِ
ِ َ َ َ َّ ِ
ِ
َ
ُ
ٍ
َ
ُ
ُ
ُ َ َّ
َ
َ
َ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َّ َ

3:59

‫‪ ‬‬

‫‪18  Assorted Gems & Conclusion ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ﻜ ِ ّﱪ )‪(٣‬‬
‫ﻚ ﻓَ َ‬
‫َو َر ّ َﺑ َ‬

‫‪74:3‬‬

‫‪18.1‬‬

‫‪2:143‬‬

‫‪18.2 ‬‬

‫‪48:1‐5 ‬‬

‫‪18.3 ‬‬

‫‪76:5; 76:17; 76:21‬‬

‫‪18.4 ‬‬

‫وﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺟﻌ ْﻠﻨﺎﻛ ْﻢ أﻣ ًﺔ وﺳﻄًﺎ ﻟﺘﻜﻮﻧﻮا ﺷﻬﺪاء ﻋ اﻟﻨﺎس وﻳﻜﻮن اﻟﺮﺳﻮل ﻋﻠ ْ‬
‫ﻴﺪا وﻣﺎ ﺟﻌ ْﻠﻨﺎ اﻟْﻘ ْﺒﺔﻠ اﻟﺘﻲ ﻛﻨْﺖ ﻋﻠ ْ ﺎ إﻻ ﻟﻨ ْﻌﻠﻢ ﻣ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﺷ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ َ َ ِ َ َ َ َ ُ ُ َّ َ َ ِ َ ُ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َّ ِ َ َ ُ َ َّ ُ ُ َ َ‬
‫ُ َ ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ ِ ََ ِ ُ َ َ َ َ ِ َِ ََ َ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻳﻨْﻘﻠﺐ ﻋ ﻋﻘﺒ ْ‬
‫ﻳﺘﺒﻊ اﻟﺮﺳﻮل ﻣﻤ ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ ﻫﺪى اﷲ وﻣﺎ ﻛﺎن اﷲ ﻟِﻴﻀﻴﻊ إﻳﻤﺎﻧﻜ ْ‬
‫ﺖ ﻟﻜﺒﲑ ً‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﺎس ﻟَﺮءوف‬
‫ﺎﻟﻨ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻻ‬
‫إ‬
‫ة‬
‫ﺎﻧ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ن‬
‫إ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ ُ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َُ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ ُ‬
‫َ َّ ِ ُ َّ ُ َ َّ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ﺣ ٌ )‪  (١٤٣‬‬
‫ر ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﺤﺎ ﻣﺒﻴﻨًﺎ )‪(١‬ﻟﻴ ْﻐﻔﺮ ﻟﻚ اﷲ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪم ﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ذ ْﻧﺒﻚ وﻣﺎ ﺗﺄﺧﺮ وﻳ ﻧ ْﻌﻤﺘﻪ ﻋﻠ ْﻴﻚ و ْ‬
‫اﻃﺎ ﻣ ْﺴﺘ ِﻘ ً‬
‫ِإ ّﻧَﺎ ﻓﺘ ْﺤﻨﺎ ﻟَﻚ ﻓ ْﺘ ً‬
‫اﷲ َﻧ ْﺼ ًﺮا‬
‫ك‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫و‬
‫(‬
‫‪٢‬‬
‫)‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻴﻤ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺻ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ َ ّ َُ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ََ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ َ َ َ َ ُ َّ َ َ ُ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫ُ َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻜﻴﻤﺎً‬
‫ً‬
‫ﻋ ِﺰ ً‬
‫ات‬
‫ﺎو‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻮد‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﷲ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻊ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺎﻧ‬
‫ﻳﻤ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﲒ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺔ‬
‫ﻴﻨ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ل‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫ﻳﺰا )‪(٣‬‬
‫اﷲ ﻋ ِﻠﻴﻤﺎ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫و‬
‫ض‬
‫اﻷر‬
‫و‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫وا‬
‫اد‬
‫د‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻮب‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﰲ‬
‫اﻟﺴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻫﻮ ّ َ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫اﺬﻟي أ َ َ َ ّ َ‬
‫ََِ ُُ ِ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َّ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ ِ َ َّ ُ ُ ُ َّ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َُ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ﺎﺪﻟﻳﻦ ﻓ ﺎ وﻳﻜ ِﻔﺮ ﻋ ْ ْﻢ ﺳﻴﺌﺎ ِ ْ‬
‫ﻈ ً‬
‫ﻴﻤﺎ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ذ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫اﻷ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ي‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺠ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻞ‬
‫ﺧ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫) ‪ ( ٤‬ﻟﻴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ٍ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫اﷲِ ﻓَﻮ ًزا َﻋ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﻚ ِﻋﻨ َﺪ ّ َ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ّ‬
‫َ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ ُ َ‬
‫ِ ُ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َ َ ُ َ َّ ِ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻈَﺎﻧﲔ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻇﻦ اﻟﺴ ْﻮ ِء ﻋﻠ ْ ْﻢ دا ﺮة اﻟﺴ ْ‬
‫ّ‬
‫اﷲ ﻋ َﻠ ْ ِ ْﻢ وﻟَﻌ َ ُ ْﻢ‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﲔ‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫)‪(٥‬وﻳﻌﺬ‬
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫اﻟ‬
‫ء‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻀ‬
‫ﻏ‬
‫و‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ُ ِ ِ َ َ ُ ِ َ‬
‫ب اﻟ ُ َ ِ ِ َ َ ُ َ ِ َ‬
‫ِّ َ ِ َّ ِ َ َّ َّ‬
‫َ َ ِ َ ِ َ ُ َّ‬
‫َ َ ِ َ َّ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫َ ُ َ ِّ َ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ت ﻣﺼﲑًا )‪(٦‬و ِﷲ ﺟﻨﻮد اﻟﺴﻤﺎوات و ْ‬
‫ﻜ ً‬
‫اﷲ ﻋ ِﺰ ً‬
‫ﺎء‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫وأﻋﺪ ﻟ‬
‫ﻴﻤﺎ )‪(٧‬‬
‫ﻳﺰا‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫و‬
‫ض‬
‫اﻷر‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ﺣ ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ َ َ َّ ُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ َ َّ َ ُ َ َ َّ َ َ َ َ َ‬
‫َ َّ ُ ُ ُ َّ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫إن ْ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻓ ُ ً‬
‫س‬
‫ﺄ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮرا )‪  (٥‬‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻬ‬
‫اﺟ‬
‫ﺰ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫اﻷﺑﺮار‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ ٍ َ َ َ َُ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ِ َّ‬
‫َ ُ َ‬
‫َ َ‬

ْ
ْ
ً
(١٧) ‫ﻛﺎن ِﻣﺰاﺟ َﻬﺎ َزﻧﺠ ِﺒﻴﻼ‬
‫ﻛﺄﺳﺎ‬
‫و ُ ْﺴ َﻘ ْﻮن ﻓِ ﺎ‬
َ
َ
ُ َ َ
َ
َ
َ َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ٌ
ْ ‫ﻀ ٌﺮ وإ‬
ْ
ْ
ْ
ً ‫ﻃﻬ‬
‫س‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻋﺎﻟِ ْﻢ ِﺛﻴﺎب ﺳﻨ‬
(٢١) ‫ﻮرا‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺧ‬
ِ ‫ﱪق َوﺣ ُ ّﻠُﻮا أ َ َﺳ‬
َ ّ ِ‫ﺎو َر ِﻣﻦ ﻓ‬
َُ ‫ﻀ ٍﺔ َو َﺳ َﻘﺎ ُ َر ّ ُ ُﻢ َﺷﺮا ًﺑﺎ‬
ٍ
ِ
ُ
ُ
َ
َ
ُ ُ َ ُ َ َ
َ
َ

18.5 

23:68; 38:29; 4:82; 47:24

18.6 

Competitors with the Qur’an: Musaylamah’s Surahs

ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
‫ت آﺑ‬
(٦٨) َ‫اﻷوﻟِﲔ‬
‫أَﻓَﻠَ ْﻢ ﻳ ّ َﺪ ّ َﺑﺮوا اﻟ َﻘﻮ َل أَم ﺟﺎء ُ ﻣﺎ ﻟَﻢ ﻳﺄ‬
ِ
َ ّ ُ ُ ‫ﺎء‬
َ َ َ
َ
َ َ
ُ َ
ْ
ْ
ٌ
ْ ‫ﺎب أ ْﻧﺰﻟﻨﺎه إﻟ‬
ٌ ‫ﻛﺘ‬
(٢٩) ‫ﺎب‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫اﻷﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫وﻟ‬
‫أ‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺬ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﺗ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫آﻳ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﺮ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ك‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﻚ‬
‫ﻴ‬
َ
ُ
ّ
ِ
ِ
ِ
ِ
َ
َ
ّ
ُ
ِ
َ
ِ َ
َ
َ
َ
ّ
َ
َ
َِ
َ
َ َ
ُ َ
ُ َ َ َُ
َ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ ‫أﻓﻼ ﻳﺘﺪﺑﺮون اﻟْﻘ ْﺮآن وﻟ‬
ً ‫اﺧﺘﻼﻓ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻪ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫وا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﲑ‬
‫ﻏ‬
(٨٢) ‫ﻛ ِﺜﲑًا‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎن‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﻮ‬
ِ ِ ِ ُ َ َ ِ َّ ِ َ ِ ِ ِ َ َ َ َ َ ُ َ
َ
َ
َ
ُ َّ َ َ َ َ
ْ
ْ ‫أﻓﻼ ﻳﺘﺪﺑﺮون اﻟْﻘ ْﺮآن أ‬
(٢٤) ‫ﻮب أَﻗ َﻔﺎ ُﻬﻟَﺎ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻋ‬
ٍ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ ُ َ ُ َّ َ َ َ َ َ

‫ إﻫﺎﺔﻟ‬،‫ واﻟﻼﻗﻤﺎت ﻟﻘﻤﺎ‬،‫ واﻟﺜﺎردات ﺛﺮدا‬،‫ واﻟﺨﺎﺑﺰات ﺧﱫا‬،‫ واﻟﻄﺎﺣﻨﺎت ﻃﺤﻨﺎ‬،‫ واﺬﻟارﻳﺎت ﻗﻤﺤﺎ‬،‫ واﻟﺤﺎﺻﺪات ﺣﺼﺪا‬،‫اﻟﻤﺒﺬرات زرﻋﺎ‬
‫ واﻟﺒﺎﻏﻲ ﻓﻨﺎوﺋﻮه‬،‫ واﻟﻤﻌﱰ ﻓﺂووه‬،‫ رﻳﻔﻜﻢ ﻓﺎﻣﻨﻌﻮه‬،‫ وﻣﺎ ﺳﺒﻘﻜﻢ أﻫﻞ اﻟﻤﺪر‬،‫ ﻟﻘﺪ ﻓﻀﻠ ﻋ أﻫﻞ اﻟﻮﺑﺮ‬،‫و ﻨﺎ‬
By the planting women as they plant, By the crop picking women as they pick the crop, By the women who pass out the wheat as they are passing it out, By the women who crush
the wheat to power as they crush it to powder, By the bread making women as they make the bread, By the women who break the bread to pieces as they are breaking it pieces,
By the women who chew on the bread as they are chewing it, With their families, getting nice and fat You are more favorable than the nation with frizzy hair, The people of soil
skin have nothing on you, Then forbid your countryside from entrance, And give shelter to the fat and rough looking one,And treat the rebel as an enemy

‫ ﻣﺎ اﻧ ﻜﺖ أﺳﻴﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺤﺮم‬،‫ واﻟﺠﺬع اﻷزﻟﻢ‬،‫ واﺬﻟﺋﺐ اﻷدﻟﻢ‬،‫واﻟﻠﻴﻞ اﻷﻃﺤﻢ‬
By the rapidly descending night, And by the crazy dark colored wolf, And by the straight branch, What was it that exhausted Usaid to the point where he is unmarriagable? 

 
 

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ً‬
‫اﻹ ﺴﺎن ِﺑﻮ ِاﺪﻟﻳ ِﻪ َ َﻠﺘﻪ ُأ ُ ّ ُﻣﻪ ُوﻫﻨﺎ ﻋ وﻫﻦ وﻓﺼﺎﻪﻟ ﰲ ﻋ‬
‫ﺼﲑ‪   ‬‬
‫ووﺻﻴﻨﺎ‬
‫ﲔ أ َ ِن اﺷﻜﺮ وﻟﻮ ِ‬
‫ﺎﻣ ِ‬
‫اﺪﻟﻳ َ‬
‫ﻚ ِإ َ ّ َ اﻟ َﻤ ِ ُ‬
‫َ َ َّ َ ِ َ َ َ َ‬
‫ُ ِ َ َِ َ‬
‫َ َ َ ٍ َ ِ َ ُ ُِ َ َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬

‫‪31:14‬‬

‫‪18.8 ‬‬

‫…‪This Qur’an‬‬

‫‪18.7 ‬‬

‫‪6:19; 10:37; 12:3; 17:9; 17:41; 17:89; 18:54; 25:30; 27:76; 30:58; 34:31; 39:27; 41:26; 43:31; 59:21 ‬‬
‫‪  (This Qur’an) ‬ﻫﺬا اﻟﻘﺮآن‪All include the phrase :  ‬‬
‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪ (This book) ‬ذﻟﻚ اﻟﻜﺘﺎب‪2:2 includes the phrase :  ‬‬

‫ٌ ْ ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫اﺬﻟي ﺑ ْﲔ ﻳﺪ ْﻳﻪ وﻟﺘﻨْﺬر أم اﻟْﻘﺮى وﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦﺣ ْ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ﺎﻵﺧﺮ ِة ﻳﺆ ِﻣﻨُﻮن ِﺑ ِﻪ و ُ ْ ﻋ َ ﺻﻼ ِ ِ ْﻢ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻮن‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺆ‬
‫ﻳ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
‫اﺬﻟ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻬﻟ‬
‫ﻮ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ق‬
‫ﺪ‬
‫ﺼ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ك‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎه‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫‪َ 6:92; ‬و َﻫ َﺬا ِ‬
‫َ َ َ ََ َ ِ َ ُ ِ ُ َ ِ‬
‫ﻛ َﺘﺎب أَﻧ َﺰﻟ َ ُ ُ َ َ ُ َ ِّ ُ ِ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ِ ُ ِ َ ُ ّ َ َُ‬
‫ِ َ ُ‬
‫َ َ َ َ‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫ﻳﺤﺎ ِﻓﻈُﻮن )‪(٩٢‬‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ‬

‫ٌ ْ ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ﻜ ْﻢ ﺗ ُ ْﺮ َ ﻮن )‪(١٥٥‬‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻘ‬
‫اﺗ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮه‬
‫ﻌ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺎﺗ‬
‫ﻓ‬
‫ك‬
‫ﺎر‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺎه‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻛﺘﺎب أﻧﺰﻟ‬
‫وﻫﺬا‬
‫َ َّ ِ ُ َ َّ ُ َ َ َّ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ َ َ َِ‬
‫ُ َ‬
‫َ َ َ ُ َُ َ‬
‫ُ‬

‫‪ ‬‬
‫‪6:155; ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫ﻫﺬا ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻨﺎ ﻳﻨْﻄﻖ ﻋﻠ ْ‬
‫ﺦ ﻣﺎ ﻛُﻨ ُ ْ َﺗﻌﻤﻠُﻮن )‪(٢٩‬‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﺴ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫ﻛ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻧ‬
‫إ‬
‫ﻖ‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺑ‬
‫ﻢ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﻴ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫ّ‬
‫ِ‬
‫َّ‬
‫َ َ َِ َُ َ ِ ُ َ َ‬
‫ُ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ‬
‫َ َ‬
‫ُ َ‬

‫‪ 45: 29;  ‬‬

‫‪ ‬‬

‫ْ‬
‫ْ‬
‫ٌ‬
‫ْ ْ‬
‫وﻣ ْ‬
‫ﻦ ﻗ ْﺒﻪﻠ ﻛﺘﺎب ﻣﻮ إﻣﺎ ًﻣﺎ ور ْ ًﺔ وﻫﺬا ﻛﺘ ٌ‬
‫ﺎب ﻣ‬
‫اﺬﻟﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻇ َﻠ ُﻤﻮا و ُ ى ﻟِﻠ ُﻤﺤ ِﺴﻨِﲔَ )‪(١٢‬‬
‫ﺼ ِّﺪق ﻟِﺴﺎﻧًﺎ َ ِﺑ ّﻴًﺎ ﻟِﻴﻨ ِﺬر ّ َ ِ‬
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‫‪46:12 ‬‬

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