System Structure of the BTS3900A

The BTS3900A consists of the following modules: *The BBU3900 is used for baseband processing and enables interaction between the BTS and the BSC. *The DRFU, the double-transceiver filter unit, performs modulation and demodulation between baseband signals and RF signals, processes data, and combines and divides signals. *The power distribution box and RF cabinet provides space for BBU3900 and DRFU and the functions of power distribution, heat dissipation, and surge protection.

Structure of the BTS3900A Cabinet
The BTS3900A cabinet consists of the RF cabinet and the APM30 power cabinet. The RF cabinet is categorized into two types: 3RFU cabinet and 6RFU cabinet. For the BTS3900A, the APM30 battery cabinet and APM30 transmission cabinet are optional. The battery cabinet provides longtime backup power, and the transmission cabinet can accommodate the transmission equipment of the user. The components of the BTS3900A include the DRFU, BBU, DCDU-02, FMUA, FAN unit, and GATM, among which the GATM is optional. Figure 2-1 shows the typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet that consists of a 6RFU cabinet and an APM30 power cabinet.

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The logical subsystems of the BTS3900A are as follows: *RF subsystem whose functions are implemented by the DRFU *Control subsystem whose functions are implemented by the BBU *Power subsystem whose functions are implemented by the following modules: – PDU – Power Subrack (AC/DC) – DCDU-02 – DCDU-03A – Battery *Antenna subsystem whose functions are implemented by the following modules: – GATM – TMA – Antennas .Logical Structure of the BTS3900A Logical Structure of the BTS3900A This describes the logical structure of the BTS3900A. control subsystem. power subsystem. The logical structure of the BTS3900A consists of the RF subsystem. It mainly consists of the BBU and DRFUs. Figure 2-5 shows the logical structure of the BTS3900A. and antenna subsystem.

ALCAP processing. The functions of the platform software are as follows: *Timing management *Task management *Memory management *Module management *Managing the loading and running of the application software *Providing the message forwarding mechanism between modules *Tracing massages between modules to facilitate troubleshooting Signaling Protocol Software The functions of the signaling protocol software are as follows: *Processing the radio network layer protocol *Processing the transport network layer protocol. OM software. and the platform software provides support for the application software. and SAAL processing . and data center. OM software. The latter three are application software. signaling protocol software. Figure 2-6 shows the software structure of the BTS. and data center. Platform Software The platform software provides support for the signaling protocol software.Software Structure of the BTS The BTS software consists of the platform software. which performs transport data configuration.

The functions of the OM software are as follows: *Equipment management *Data configuration *Performance management *Commissioning management *Alarm management *Software management *Tracing management *Security management *Backup management *Log management Data Center The data center stores the configuration data of all the modules.*Managing the internal logical resources (such as cells and channels) of the BTS and the mapping between physical resources and logical resources OM Software The OM software works together with the maintenance terminals such as the LMT to maintain the BTS. .

The DCDU03A then distributes the -48 V DC to certain modules. Part of the -48 V DC is directly distributed to certain modules.Power Distribution Modes of the BTS3900A The BTS3900A allows the 220 V AC input. *When the APM30 transmission cabinet is configured. the PDU leads the 220 V AC into the PSU (AC/DC) in the power subrack (AC/DC). The description of the power distribution is as follows: *When the external 220 V AC is used. *The PDU distributes the -48 V DC. The DCDU-02 then distributes the -48 V DC to certain modules. Part of the -48 V DC is distributed to the DCDU-02. . *The power subrack (AC/DC) performs the charging and discharging of the batteries. The PSU converts the 220 V AC to -48 V DC. the PDU leads the -48 V DC to the DCDU-03A in the transmission cabinet. and then transmits the converted DC back to the PDU.

*The modules on the RS485 bus 0 cannot substitute those on the RS485 bus 1.This describes the monitoring system of the BTS3900A. fans. and environment. *The BBU can provides up to two RS485 bus ports and 16 Boolean inputs. . The monitoring system monitors the power. *If two MPUs with the same DIP switch setting are configured. they cannot be installed on the same bus.

Components of the Monitoring System Table 4-1 Monitoring signals of the BTS3900A Unit Address FMUA (mandatory) bus0 GATM2 (optional) bus0 PMU (mandatory) bus1 AFMU (mandatory) bus1 GATM1 (optional) bus1 FMUA (optional) bus1 .

and door status alarm.Functions of the Monitoring System Table 4-2 Functions of the Monitoring System Unit FAN Control *Fan failure monitoring *Adjust the fan speed *Temperature and fan speed monitoring Reports the RET control alarm signals. and standby analog values. ambient humidity and temperature. *Communicates with the central processing unit through the two RS485 ports *Input voltage monitoring *Provides independent 12 V DC/24 V DC temperature and humidity sensor ports. *Communicates with the central processing unit through the RS232/RS422 serial port. *Stops the rotation of the fans when the ambient temperature is low. battery temperature. humidity alarm. water immersion alarm. door control alarms. smoke alarm. *Provides Boolean input signal monitoring ports. The environment alarm is classified into temperature alarm. and connects to the Boolean monitoring signals in dry contact mode or OC mode. smokes alarms. GATM EMUA PMU DCDU-02 FMUA . *Temperature monitoring and reporting *RS485 port cascading and extension *The FMUAs can be cascaded. The fan speed can be adjusted based on the temperature or adjusted by the central processing unit. *Provides six external Boolean output control ports in relay node mode. *Collects surge protection alarm information of the DC power distribution unit. *Monitors the operating status of fans. *It reports water alarms. *Power distribution monitoring and alarm Reporting Provides the monitoring of surge protection failure *Collecting environment alarm information in the cabinet. *Manages the power system and charging and discharging of batteries. standby Boolean alarms.

The 2 MHz and 8 kHz clocks are used for frame synchronization and bit synchronization in the BTS3900/BTS3900A. . BITS clock. Then. Line Clock The BBU3900 directly extracts clock signals from the E1/T1 interface. Free-Run Clock When the external reference clocks are unavailable. the BBU exports the precise 2 MHz and 8 kHz clocks after frequency dividing. and phase adjusting. and free-run clock. BITS Clock The BBU3900 supports the BITS clock mode by providing a port for the 2.Reference Clocks of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The BTS3900/BTS3900A supports three types of reference clocks: line clock. the oven controlled crystal oscillator (OCXO) on the GTMU of the BBU3900 provides the 13 MHz clock to ensure the normal operation of the BTS. phase locking.048 MHz BITS clock.

After receiving the E1 signals. the BBU processes the E1 signals as follows: (1) Extracts clock signals from the E1 signals (2) Configures the BTS system based on the data configuration on the OML (3) Encapsulates the E1 data in the format of the CPRI frame. 2. DL Traffic Signal Flow The DL traffic signal flow is transmitted from the BSC to the MS through the BTS3900/ BTS3900A. the DRFU processes the signals as follows: (1) Decapsulates the high-speed CPRI frames to obtain the baseband signals (2) Transmits the baseband signals to the relevant operation units for encapsulation and interleaving (3) Converts the digital signals into the analog signals and modulates the analog signals into RF signals (4) Combines or divides the RF signals based on its own configuration (5) Transmits the combined or divided signals to the antenna subsystem . and then transmits the data to the DRFU through the CPRI signal cable 3. The BSC sends E1 signals to the BBU through E1 or optical cables. The BTS3900/BTS3900A signal flow is classified into the DL traffic signal flow. UL traffic signal flow.Signal Flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The signal flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A consists of the traffic signal flow and the signaling flow of the BTS. Figure 6-1 shows the DL traffic signal flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A. the BBU and DRFUs work together to process the DL traffic signals. After receiving the signals. The DL traffic signal flow is as follows: 1. In the BTS3900/BTS3900A. and signaling flow.

the BBU processes the signals as follows: (1) Decapsulates the high-speed CPRI frames to obtain the baseband signals (2) Encapsulates the baseband signals in the format of the E1 frame. After receiving the UL signals. and then transmits the signals to the BSC through the E1 cable or the optical cable .UL Traffic Signal Flow Opposite to the DL traffic signal flow. In the BTS3900/BTS3900A. the BBU and DRFUs work together to process the UL traffic signals. the received signals are amplified by the TMA and then transmitted to the DRFU through the feeder. The UL traffic signal flow is as follows: 1. Rx1 in. If the TMA is configured. Figure 6-2 shows the UL traffic signal flow. The antenna receives the signals sent from the MS. the DRFU processes the signals as follows: (1) Divides the UL signals received from the antenna. or Rx2 in (2) Converts the divided analog signals into the digital signals to obtain the baseband signals (3) Transmits the baseband signals to the relevant operation units for decryption and de-interleaving (4) Encapsulates the processed data in the format of the CPRI frame. After receiving the signals. the UL traffic signal flow is transmitted from the MS to the BSC through the BTS3900/BTS3900A. and then transmits the data to the BBU through the CPRI signal cable 3. 2.

and then transmits the data to the DRFU through the CPRI signal cable. Then. . 4. the BBU transmits the information on the BTS status to the BSC through the Abis interface. The DRFU decapsulates the CPRI signals into the baseband signals. Figure 6-3 shows the signaling flow The signaling flow is as follows: 1. transmits the baseband signals to the relevant operation units for processing. The signaling data received from the BSC is transmitted to the BBU through the Abis interface. The BBU encapsulates the signaling data in the format of the CPRI frame. The BBU encapsulates the data of its own status in the format of the CPRI frame. 6. 5.Signaling Flow This describes the BTS3900/BTS3900A signaling flow on the Abis interface. The BBU serves as the control unit and works with DRFU to process the signaling. The BBU decapsulates the received CPRI signals to obtain the baseband signals. and then transmits the signaling data to the DRFU through the CPRI signal cable. 3. The BBU obtains the status of the BTS by analyzing the baseband signals. 2.

and BBU need to be configured. each sector has two antenna channels. the antenna subsystem. If multiple types of hardware configurations meet the requirements for configuring the parameters in network planning. Basic Configuration Principles Smooth upgrade of configuration. the configurations of S5 to S8 use a double antenna. The DRFU supports wide coverage. The BTS3900/BTS3900A solution is recommended in S4/4/4 cell configuration or lower configurations. transmit diversity. the BTS3900/BTS3900A solution can be applied in S8/8/8 and S4/4/4+S4/4/4 dualband cell configurations. for the 4-antenna receive diversity. The DRFU can work in PBT. the cell configuration of S4 and lower configurations use a single antenna. A single cabinet provides up to 12 TRXs with the maximum cell configuration of S4/4/4 and supports the dual-band application. In the BTS3900/BTS3900A. or 4-way receive diversity mode in configurations lower than S2. • • • • • • • Antenna Configuration Principles One antenna can serve up to two DRFUs to support the S4/4/4 configuration. That is.Configuration Principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The BTS3900/BTS3900A uses DRFU transceiver module and DRFU built-in duplexer. For the 2-antenna receive diversity. the configuration mode that implements the smooth upgrade is preferred. By default. the receive diversity is adopted in the GSM. and the configurations of S8 to S12 use a triple antenna. • . Wide coverage. Each sector of the BTS must be configured with the minimum number of antennas. DRFUs. When multiple antennas are permitted. When one internal combination is allowed. two feeder (two single antennas or one dual-polarized antenna) must be configured in a cell. each sector has four antenna channels.

RF Configuration Principles Table 8-1 RF configuration principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A .

The TRXs provided by the middle DRFU belong to different cells. for receive diversity of TRX 1. They are connected to CPRI ports on the BBU. Table 8-1 RF configuration principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A Configuration principles of a single cabinet   Star topology is adopted between the BBU None and DRFUs. and Rx2 out are used for the interconnection between the DRFU modules. They are connected to jumpers.  CPRI_0 and CPRI_1 are= the ports for high speed signal cables. both Rx1 in and Rx2 in can be the input ports for receive diversity of the two TRXs. which belongs to the first cell. Example In the S3/3 configuration. The DRFUs and the high-speed interfaces on the BBU have a one-to-one mapping relationship. The Rx2 in port is the input port. CPRI port 1 on the BBU is also idle. Rx1 out. That is. . When the two TRXs provided by the DRFU belong to the same cell. the Rx1 in port on the middle DRFU is the input port. Rx2 in is the input port for receive diversity of TRX 2. When the two TRXs provided by the DRFU belong to different cells.RF Configuration Principles Principle Configuration principles of the DRFU ports Description  ANT1 and ANT2 are the TX ports of the duplexer. Then. which belongs to the second cell. Rx2 in. if DRFU slot 1 is idle. three DRFUs need to be configured.  Rx1 in. The input port for RX main diversity of TRX 2 is ANT2. Rx1 in is the input port for RX diversity of TRX 1. A single cabinet supports the maximum cell configuration of S4/4/4. The input port for RX main diversity of TRX 2 is ANT1. for receive diversity of TRX 2.

*When star and chain topologies are adopted between the BBU and DRFUs. For example. the actual configuration does not involve the mode of configuring two TRXs in one sector. one BBU supports 3 x 3 = 9 DRFUs. however. *When the DRFU works in transmit PBT. None Configuring two TRXs in one sector A single DRFU does not support the S1/1 application. . or 4-way receive diversity mode. That is. That is. Therefore. Example None Non-combination in the transmit channel *The non-combination configuration is recommended for the DRFU to avoid the power loss in combination and to reduce the power consumption of the BTS.Principle Configuration principles of multiple cabinets Description *When star and ring topologies are adopted between the BBU and DRFUs. for a site in S5/4/7 cell configuration. the cavity combiner must be configured outside the DRFU and one combination is recommended. transmit diversity. one BBU supports 6 x 3 = 18 DRFUs. three DRFUs support the S3/3 application. three levels of DRFUs on a chain can be connected to one BBU. a DRFU provides only one TRX. nine DRFUs are installed meeting the requirements of S6/4/8 cell configuration but data is still configured in S5/4/7 cell configuration. three levels of DRFUs in a ring can be connected to one BBU. *If combination is required.

the S5/5/5 configuration is S6/6/6. the second S5 is divided into S3 + S2. Then. Then. Number of DRFUs = round up [(Number of TRXs + Number of S1 cells) ÷ 2] *When the number of TRXs of the site is greater than 12. l After two TRXs are configured in one sector. the cell configuration is S3/(3/2)/ 4. an odd number of TRXs can be configured for a cell. *S5 = S3 + S2 or S5 = S2 + S3 *S6 = S4 + S2 or S6 = S3 + S3 *S7 = S4 + S3 or S7 = S3 + S4 *S8 = S4 + S4 *In S3/5/4. the cells with the odd number of TRXs are adjacent cells. two TRXs should be configured for a cell. the cell configuration is S2/(2/3)/ (3/2).Principle Description Example Number of DRFUs *When the number of TRXs of the site is less than 12. . Number of DRFUs = (6 + 6 + 6) ÷ 2 = 9. the first S5 is divided into S2 + S3. Number of DRFUs = round up (Number of TRXs after two TRXs are configured in one sector ÷ 2) l S3/3/3: Number of DRFUs = round up (9 ÷ 2) = 5. S5 can be divided into S3 + S2. S1/2/3: Number of DRFUs = round up [(6 + 1) ÷ 2] = 4. *In S2/5/5. TRX allocation in double antenna mode After TRX allocation.

If the number of DRFUs of the two bands is less than 3. the band with fewer DRFUs shares the cabinet with the other band. When two RF cabinets are configured and the number of DRFUs of one band is greater than 6. Mixed configuration of DRFUs are not allowed. the 900 MHz DRFUs are installed in the 3 slots on the left. Example None . and the 1800 MHz DRFUs are installed in the 3 slots on the right. the 900 MHz DRFUs are installed in the first cabinet and the 1800 MHz DRFUs are installed in the second cabinet. The DRFUs are installed in the slots according to the typical S4/4/4 configuration.Principle Configuring double TRXs in a site Description *If the number of DRFUs is less than or equal to 6 in a double-TRX site. *When two RF cabinets are configured and the number of DRFUs of each band is less than 6. the two TRXs are configured in the same cabinet.

*1 pcs must be configured when three or more than three BTS3900 cabinets are configured. *1 pcs must be configured. In the chain topology. *In the outdoor application. Board or Module BSBC Description 1 pcs must be configured. The UPEU. *The GTMU occupies slot 5 and slot 6. Figure 8-1 shows the BBU slots.Configuration Principles of the BBU One BBU provides six CPRI ports. *Not required in the BTS3900 *1 pcs must be configured in the BTS3900A. however. The UELP occupies slot 0. 1 pcs must be configured when two or more than two APM30 power cabinets are configured. *1 pcs must be configured. UBFA UPEU 1 pcs must be configured. cannot be configured with the UEIU at the same time. UEIU GTMU UELP . *1 pcs can be configured when the backup power is required. a single BBU can support up to 36 TRXs.

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