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Shillingburg et al, Fundamentals of Fixed Prosthodontics, 3rd Edition Quintessences.

1
Fundamentals of Occlusion and Tempropmandibular Disorders.St. Louis, Mosby. 2
Rhan, Arthur O, Heartwell Charles, Textbook of Complete Denture, 5th Edition. 3
Craig R Restorative Dental Materials. 4
McGivney, G, Carr, A: McCracken's Removable Partial Prosthodontics, Mosby, St. Louis,
10
th
Edition.
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1) Which of the following characteristics of inlay wax is its major disadvantage ?
a) flow.
b) rigidity.
c) hardness.
d) high thermal expansion.
2) When porcelain is baked against metal, it should possess a
a) high fusion expansion.
b) high fusion temperature.
c) linear coefficient of thermal expansion less than, but close to,that of the metal.
d) linear coefficient of thermal expansion greater than but close to that of metal.
3) As the gold content of a dental solder decreases,the
a) hardness decreases.
b) ductility increases.
c) corrosion resistance decreases.
d) ultimate tensile strength decreases.
4) Reversible hydrocolloids exhibit the property of transformation from sol to gel and gel to sol as a
function of the
a) concentration of the fillers and plasticizers.
b) percentage of composition by weight of water.
c) concentration of potassium sulfate.
d) temperature.
5) An anterior fixed partial denture is contraindicated when
a) abutment teeth are noncarious.
b) an abutment tooth is inclined 15 degree but is otherwise sound.
c) there is considerable resorption of the residual ridge.
d) crowns of the abutment teeth are extremely long owing to gingival recession.
6) In which of the following properties does a type IV partial denture gold alloy exceed a base-metal
partial denture alloy in numerical value
a) hardness.
b) specific gravity.
c) casting shrinkage.
d) fusion temperature.
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7) Within practical limits, when the water/ powder ratio is increased beyond the recommended amount
in mixing plaster, the
a) setting time is increased.
b) setting expansion is decreased.
c) compressive strength is decreased.
d) all of the above.
8) In processing an acrylic denture in a water bath, a proper heating cycle is desired because of the
possibility of
a) warpage.
b) shrinkage of the denture.
c) porosity due to boiling of the monomer.
d) crazing of the denture base around necks of the teeth.
9) An over load of the mucosa will occur if the
a) teeth used for replacement are nonanatomic.
b) bases covering the area are too small in out line.
c) bases covering the area are too large in out line.
d) bases covering the area are overextended distally.
10) In an alginate impression material, trisodium phosphate is the
a) filler.
b) reactor.
c) retarder.
d) acclerator.
The following chemically bond to the tooth: 1.
Composite resin. a.
Dental sealants. b.
Glass ionomer cement. *** c.
All of the above. d.
Orthognathic ridge relationship (class II) presents several problems which should be taken into
consideration when constructing complete denture prosthesis. These include all EXCEPT:
2.
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Require minimum interocclusal distance. *** a.
Have a great range of jaw movement. b.
Require careful occlusion, usually cuspless teeth are indicated. c.
Complete Denture 17th Ed page 16
RESIDUAL RIDGE RELATIONSHIP: Class II or retrognathic is usually difficult as the patient
looks toothy, often holds the mandible forward to improve appearance with subsequent TMJ
problems, usually have a great range of jaw movements in function, require careful occlusion,
and usually needs a large interocclusal distance. Class Ill or prognathic is usually easier if not
extreme. The patient usually functions on a hinge (little or no protrusive component) and requires
a minimum of interocclusal distance. In any case, do not set the teeth for a retrognathic or
prognathic patient in a normal relationship, unless there is only a moderate deviation from Class
I.
Planning centric occlusion for complete denture, it is advisable to have: 3.
1-2 mm of vertical and horizontal overlap of upper and lower anterior teeth with no contact. *** a.
Definite tooth contact of upper and lower anterior teeth in order to facilitate the use of anterior teeth for
incision.
b.
The posterior extension of max complete denture can be detected by the followings EXCEPT:
Hamular notch. a.
Fovea palatine. *** b.
Vibrating line. c.
4.
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The distal palatal termination of the maxillary complete denture base is dictated by the: 5.
Tuberosity. a.
Fovea palatine. b.
Maxillary tori. c.
Vibrating line. *** d.
Posterior palatal seal. e.
heartwell 5th ed - page 224
Vibrating line is determined the posterior extension of the posterior palatal seal
All are participating in the determination of the posterior extension of the maxillary denture (posterior
palatal extension) EXCEPT:
vibrating line
hamular notch
fovae palatine
retromolar (pads) areas. ***
6.
`
Vibrating line: 7.
Between hard & soft palate. a.
Between mobile and non mobile soft tissue. *** b.
oral surgeon put his finger on the nose of the patient and the patient asked to blow.
This done to check:
a. anterior extention of posterior palatal seal. ***
b. lateral extension of posterior palatal seal
8.
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c. posterior extension of posterior palatal seal.
d. glandular opening
Dental Decks - page 440
Land marks for posterior palatal seal:
The posterior outline: is formed by the "Ah" line or vibrating line and passes through the two
pterygomaxillary (hamular) notchs and is close to the fovea palatine.
The anterior outline: is formed by the "blow" line and is located at the distal extent of the hard palate.
Pt. Presented after insertion of complete denture complaining of dysphagia and ulcers what is the cause
of dysphagia?
-over extended. ***
-over post dammed.
-under extended
-under post dammed
9.
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Pt with denture has swallowing problem and sore throat. The problem is: 10.
Posterior over extension at distal palatal end. *** a.
Over extension of lingual. b.
Over extension of hamular notch. c.
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Nausea is a complaint that a new denture wearer might encounter. It may result from: 11.
Thick posterior border. a.
Denture under extended. b.
Denture slightly over extended.

` c.
A & b are correct. *** d.
Complete Prosthodontics (problems,diagnosis&managment) page 78
Gagging (nausea): loose denture thick distal termination of upper denture lingual placement of upper
denture occlusal plane low.
Complete Denture 17th Ed page 128
3. Gagging:
a. Psychogenic -starts in mind, very difficult to treat
b. Stomatogenic -starts in body (usually dentures), treatable
c. Dental causes:
Lack of retention 1.
Poor occlusion 2.
Insufficient or excessive palatal seal. 3.
Crowded tongue due to a thick palate or poor tooth placement 4.
Excessive salivation 5.
Excessive vertical dimension (often seen in new dentures) 6.
And
http://web.wits.ac.za/NR/rdonlyres/F...esManualV6.pdf
Denture over-extension onto the soft palate may stimulate a gag reflex directly by continuous contact or
indirectly by intermittent contact brought about by the activity of the soft palate or posterior third of the
tongue.
An under-extended denture (or an unstable denture from occlusal interferences) will lack a posterior seal, will
dislodge intermittently, irritate the posterior third of the tongue and thus cause nausea.
A palpable and thickened posterior border will also irritate the tongue. Interference with tongue space, as in
an excessively large vertical dimension which causes compensatory protrusion of the tongue, or in a narrow
arch which forces the tongue to occupy an unnatural position, may also manifest as nausea.
` ) `

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` : Protusive imbalance .
After insertion of complete denture, Pt came complaining from pain in TMJ and tenderness of muscle
with difficulty in swallowing, this could be due to:
12.
High vertical dimension. *** a.
Low vertical dimension. b.
Thick denture base. c.
Over extended denture base. d.
Dental Decks - page 398
Most common complete denture post insertion complaint after 24 hrs:
a. Rough.
b. Overextension causing laceration. ***
c. Pt not used to new vertical dimension.
13.
Which palatal form is more retentive and offers better stability to complete denture:
a. V shaped
b. Wide palate
c. U shaped ***
d. Flat palate
14.
All relate to retention of maxillary complete denture EXCEPT: 15.
Tongue movement. *** a.
Type of saliva. b.
405
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Best instrument to locate vibrating line with it is
T burnisher.
16.

We can use to palatal posterior seal:
1. Le jao carver.
2. Kingsley scraper. ***
17.
To a great extent, the forces occurring through a removable partial denture can be widely distributed
and minimized by the following methods: ` `
18.
Proper location of the occlusal rests. a.
Selection of lingual bar major connector b.
Developing balanced occlusion. c.
All of the above. d.
. c ` balanced occ concept setting of complete denture
teeth natural teeth.
b>> ` ` lingual plate ....
a ` rests to direct occlusal forces along the long accses of the abutment tooth
- ......
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Compomer restorative materials are: 19.
Glass ionomer with polymer components a.
Resin systems with fluoride containing glasses. *** b.
Composite resin for cervical restorations only. c.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_compomer
The composition of compomers is similar to that of a dental composite however it has been
modified, making it a polyacid-modified composite. This results in compomers still
requiring a bonding system to bond to tooth tissue.
And
Sturdevant's art and science of operative dentistry, 4th edition, page 209
Although the name compomer implies that the material possesses a combination of characteristics of both
composite and glass ionomers, these materials are essentially polymer-based composites that have been
slightly modified to take advantages of the potential fluoride-releasing behavior of glass ionomers.
The most frequent cause of failure of a cast crown restoration is: 20.
Failure to extend the crown preparation adequately into the gingival sulcus. a.
Lack of attention in carving occlusal anatomy of the tooth. b.
Lack of attention to tooth shape, position, and contacts ***. c.
Lack of prominent cusps, deep sulcus, and marginal ridges. d.
Dental Decks - page 466
An examination of the edentulous mouth of an aged Pt who has wore maxillary complete dentures for
many years against six mandibular teeth would probably show:
21.
Cystic degeneration of the foramina of the anterior palatine nerve. ` a.
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Loss of osseous structure in the anterior maxillary arch. *** b.
Flabby ridge tissue in the posterior maxillary arch. c.
Insufficient inter occlusal distance. d.
Dental decks - page 390
When a patient wears complet maxillary denture agansit the six mandibular anterior teeth its very common to
have to do a reline so often de to loss of bone strucutrein anterior maxillary arch.
The posterior seal in the upper complete denture serves the following functions: 22.
It reduces Pt discomfort when contact occurs between the dorsum of the tongue and the posterior end
of the denture base.
a.
Retention of the maxillary denture. b.
It compensate for dimensional changes which occur in the acrylic denture base during processing. c.
A& b are correct. *** d.
: 2006

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Dental Decks
If the oral tissues are inflamed and traumatized, impression for making a new denture: 23.
Should be started immediately in order to prevent further deterioration. a.
The occlusion of the existing denture is adjusted, and tissue condition material is applied, and
periodically replaced until the tissue are recovered, then making impression take place. ***

b.
The Pt is cautioned to remove the denture out at night. c.
A & B are correct. d.
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All of the above are correct. e.
Balanced occlusion refers to: 24.
The type of occlusion which allows simultaneous contact of the teeth in centric occlusion only. a.
The type of occlusion which allows simultaneous contact of the teeth in centric and eccentric jaw
positions. ` ` `
b.
A type of occlusion which is similar to the occlusion of the natural teeth. c.
Dental Decks - page 548
Polyether impression materials: 25.
Are less stable dimensionally than poly sulfide rubber. a.
Are less stiff than poly sulfide rubber. b.
Can absorb water and swell if stored in water. *** c.
` ` .
The indication for the use of lingual plate major connector include: 26.
For the purpose of retention. a.
When the lingual frenum is high or when there is a shallow lingual sulcus. b.
To prevent the movement of mandibular anterior teeth. c.
All of the above. *** d.
Dental decks 641
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`.

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: ` ` -
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Lingual plate:
a. Shallow sulcus
b. Mobile anterior teeth
c. Deep sulcus
d. A+b ***
e. All of above
27. Lingual bar contraindication:
- short lingual sulcus
- long lingual sulcus
- too crowded lower anterior teeth
Dental decks 641
.
:

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In class I partially edentulous lower arch, selection of major connector depend on: 27.
Height of lingual attachment. a.
Mandibular tori. b.
Periodontal condition of remaining teeth. c.
All of the above. *** d.
An anterior fixed partial denture is contraindicated when: 28.
Abutment teeth are not carious. a.
An abutment tooth is inclined 15 degrees but otherwise sound. b.
There is considerable resorption of the residual ridges. *** c.
Crown of the abutment teeth are extremely long owing to gingival recession. d.
Dental Decks - page 452
` ` 15 ` .
Dental decks 640
: ` - ` - - - -
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In registering the vertical dimension of occlusion for the edentulous patient. The physiological rest
dimension:
29.
Equals the vertical dimension of occlusion. ` a.
May be exceeded if the appearance of the patient is enhanced.

` b.
Is of little importance as it is subject to variations. ` ` c.
Must always be greater than vertical dimension of occlusion. *** ` d.
Dental Decks - page 496
Three weeks after delivery of a unilateral distal extension mandibular removable partial denture, a Pt
complained of a sensitive abutment tooth, clinical examination reveals sensitivity to percussion of the
tooth, the most likely cause is:
30.
Defective occlusion. *** a.
Exposed dentine at the bottom of the occlusal rest seats. b.
Galvanic action between the framework and an amalgam restoration in the abutment tooth. c.
Dental Decks - page 618
PT with lower complete denture, intraoral examination show with slightly elevated lesion with
confirmed border, PT history of ill fitting denture. It is by:
31.
Immediate surgical removal. a.
Instruct PT not to use denture for 3 weeks then follow up. *** b.
Reassure PT and no need for treatment. c.
Examination of residual ridge for edentulous PT before construction of denture determine stability, 32.
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support and retention related to the ridge:
True. *** a.
False. b.
Upon examination of alveolar ridge of elderly PT for construction of lower denture easily displaceable
tissue is seen in the crest of ridge. Management:
33.
Minor surgery is needed. a.
Inform the PT that retention of denture will decrease. b.
Special impression technique is required. *** c.
: "Questions and Answers "
` .

Class III jaw relation in edentulous PT: 34.
It will affect size of maxillary teeth. a.
Affect retention of lower denture. b.
Affect esthetic and arrangement of maxillary denture. c.
All of the above. ` d.
In recording man-max relation,the best material used without producing pressure is: 35.
Wax. a.
Compound. b.
Bite registration paste (zinc oxide & eugenol paste). *** c.
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In recording jaw relation, best to use: 36.
Occlusal rim with record base. *** ` a.
Occlusal rim with base wax. b.
Occlusal rim with nacial frame. c.
Dental Decks - page 428
Occlusal rims: make maxilla-mandibular jaw records.
32-The goal of construction of occlusion rims is:
To obtain the occlusal plane, vertical dimension, tentative centric relation, face low transfer, placement
of the teeth. ***
1.
To obtain the protrusive condylar guidance. 2.
To obtain the lateral condylar posts and incisal guide. 3.
None. 4.
A temporary form representing the base of a denture which is used for making maxillo-manibular (jaw)
relative record for arranging teeth or for trail insertion in the mouth is:
37.
1. Bite rims.
2. Custom tray.
3. Set up.
4. Base plate. ***
To recheck centric relation in complete denture: 38.
Ask PT to swallow and close. a.
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Ask PT to place tip of tongue in posterior area and close. *** b.
To wet his lip and tongue. c.
All of the above. d.
During post insertion examination of a 3 unit ceramometal fixed partial denture. One of the retainers
showed chipping of porcelain at the ceramometal junction. In order to avoid the problem the dentist
must:
39.
Reduce the metal to 0.3 mm. a.
Have uniform porcelain thickness. b.
Have occlusion on metal. c.
Keep porcelain metal junction away from centric contacts. *** d.
) ( 1.5
.
What is a Pier abutment? 40.
Single tooth holding one pontic. a.
A tooth that supports a removable partial denture. b.
All of the above. c.
None of the above. *** d.
.
`
` .
` ` .
Which are the ways in which the proximal contacts can be checked? 41.
Use a pencil. a.
Use a shim stock. b.
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Use a silicone checker. c.
Use a dental floss. d.
Only b & d. *** e.
` `
` .
Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Volume 14 Issue 1, Pages 91 - 94
A total of 969 proximal contacts in forty volunteer subjects was examined for proximal contact integrity with
shim stock. It passed uninhibited through 88% of the contacts. Neither sex nor age affected the evaluation;
however, shim stock was more likely to pass through contacts with enamel surfaces than those which were
restored
The incisal reduction for a metal ceramic restoration should be: 42.
1.5 mm. a.
2 mm. *** b.
3 mm. c.
4 mm. d.
"Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics"
The occlusal reduction for an all metal veneer crown should: 43.
Be as flat as possible to enable an easy fabrication of occlusion anatomy. a.
Follow the occlusal morphology with a clearance rating from 1 to 1.5 mm with the opposing dentition.
***
b.
Follow the occlusal morphology with a clearance of no more than 0.5 mm with the opposing dentition. c.
Be the last step in the tooth preparation. d.
` ` 1 - 1.5 .
0.5 1 - 1.5 .
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Gingival retraction is done: 44.
To temporarily expose the finish margin of a preparation. a.
To accurately record the finish margin of a portion of uncut tooth surface apical to the margin in the
final impression.
b.
Even in the presence of a gingival inflammation. c.
By various methods but the most common one is the use of retraction cord. d.
A and b. e.
A, b and c. f.
A, b and d. *** g.
Regarding tissue retraction around tooth: 45.
Short duration of retraction of gingival margin during preparation of finishing line. a.
Retraction of gingival margin during taking final impression to take all details of unprepared finish
line.
b.
Usually retracted severely inflamed gingival margin. c.
Retraction of gingival margin can be done by many ways one of them is retraction cord. d.
A, b and c. e.
B, c and d. f.
A and d. *** g.
The most accurate impression material for making the impression of an onlay cavity: 46.
Impression compound. a.
Condensation type silicone. b.
Polyvinyl siloxane *** c.
Polysulfide. d.
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Missing lower six and tilted 7
a- Uprighting of molar by orthodontics.
b- Proximal half crown.
c- Telescope crown.
d- Non rigid connector. ***
47.
Dental Decks - page 492
None rigid connector: it is indicated when retainers cannot be prepared without excessive tooth reduction.
Length of pins must be equals in both tooth and restoration by a depth of:
1 mm. a.
2 mm. *** b.
3 mm. c.
4 mm. d.
48.

` 2 .
Stainless steel pin is used in amalgam for:
Increase retention. *** a.
Increase resistance. b.
Increase streangth. c.
A and b. d.
49.
Dental decks 2210 ` .
Single rooted anterior teeth has endodontic treatment is best treated by:
Casted post and core. *** a.
Performed post and composite. b.
50.
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Performed post and amalgam. c.
Composite post and core d.
Post fracture decrease with
prefabricated post
ready made post
casted post. ***
metal post
51.
Teeth with RCT and you want to use post, which post is the least cause to fracture:
1. Ready made post.
2. Casted post.
3. Fiber post. ***
4. Prefabricated post.
52.
During post removal the first thing to do is: 53.
A) remove the G.P
B) remove all the old restoration & undermined enamel & caries. ***
C) insertion of post immediately
For root canal treated tooth u choose to put post & amalgam this depend on
remaining coronal structure ***
root divergence-
presence of wide root-
others
54.
Post length increasing will
.increase retention. ***
.increase resistant
.increase strength of restoration
55.
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For post preparation we should leave mm of GP: 56.
???? a.
10mm b.
5mm. *** c.
:
Http: //www.experts123.com/q/how-much...placement.html
Post and core - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Which of the following endodontic failure may be retreated only with surgery: 57.
Missed major canal. a.
Persistent interappointment pain. b.
Past and core. *** c.
Short canal filling. d.
Which of the following failure may be treated nonsurgically: 58.
Post filling that has removed. *** a.
Severe apical perforation. b.
Very narrow canal with a periapical lesion and the apex can not be reached. c.
None of the above. d.
In post and core preparation must: 59.
Extend to contrabevel. a.
Extend to full length tooth preparation. b.
Take same shape of natural tooth. c.
Take shape of preparation abutment. d.
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A & d. *** e.
A & b. f.
D & c. g.
B & c. h.
.
After RCT, for insertion of post dowel: 60.
Post applied pressure. a.
Post should be lose. b.
Insert it without pressure but with retention. *** c.
Amount of G.P should after post preparation:
1 mm. a.
4-5 mm. b.
10 mm. c.
None of the above. d.
61.
Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry - 4th Ed. (2005) page 154
As a general guide the post should be at least equal to the anticipated crown height, but a minimum of 4 mm
of well-condensed GP should be left. A periodontal probe is helpful to check prepared canal length.
Post retention depends on:
Post length. a.
Post diameter. b.
Post texture. c.
62.
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Core shape. d.
Design of the preparation. e.
A and b f.
A, b and c. *** g.
All of the above. h.
A. i.
: 4 - `
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The best restoration for max central incisor that has received RCT through conservatively prepared
access opening would be:
63.
Post-retained metal-ceramic crown. a.
Post-retained porcelain jacket crown. b.
Composite resin. *** c.
None of the above. d.
Pt complain from pain in 45 whitch had gold onlay. The pain could be due to:
Chemicals from cement. a.
High thermal conductivity of gold. *** b.
Related to periodontal ligament. c.
Cracked tooth or fractured surface. d.
1.
Dental Decks - page 2134
Disadvantages of gold restoration:
Esthetics cost time consuming difficulty of technique the need to use cement (the weakest point in the
cast gold restoration) gold has high thermal conductivity.
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For onlay preparation, reduction of functioning cusp should be:
1.5 mm. *** a.
2 mm. b.
1 mm. c.
64.
"Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics ROSENSTIEL" + Dental Decks - page 2122
1.5 1
Thickness of porcelain should be:
03-05 mm. a.
0.05-0.15 mm. b.
0.5-1.5.mm. *** c.
65.
Dental Decks - page 442
The necessary thickness of the metal substucture is 0.5 mm
the minimal porcelain thickness is 1.0 - 1.5 mm
Occlusal plane is:
Above the level of the tongue. a.
Below the level of the tongue. *** b.
66.
: " mcqs in Dentistry"
" the tongue rests on the occlusal surface"
Polyvinyl siloxanes compared with polysulfide:
Can be poured more than once. a.
Can be poured after 7 days. b.
67.
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Less dimensional stability. c.
A and b. *** d.
the most accurate impression material for making impression of an oral cavity is:
a- impression compound.
b- condensation type silicon.
c- polyvinyl siloxanes. ***
d- poly sulfide.
68.
http://www.medicaljournal-ias.org/7_1/Keyf.pdf
the addition silicones are the best choice of the rubber impression materials
Addition curing silicones have the least amount of shrinkage on setting making them the most accurate class
of rubber impression material (9). The poly(vinylsiloxanes) are characterized by excellent dimensional
accuracy and long-term dimensional stability.
Polysulfide impression material: 69.
Should be poured within 1 hour. *** a.
Can be poured after 24 hours. b.
Can be poured 6-8 hours. c.
Amount of reduction in PFM crown:
1.5-2. *** a.
1.7-2. b.
2-5. c.
70.
In distal extension p.d during relining occlusal Rest was not seated:
Remove impression and repeat it. *** a.
71.
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Continue and seat in after relining. b.
Use impression compound. c.
After taking alginate impression:
Wash with water and spray with sodium hydrochloride for 10 sec. a.
Same but wait 5-10 min and then put in sealed plastic bag.*** b.
72.
Check biting in lower denture can occur if:
Occlusal plane above tongue. a.
Occlusal plane below tongue. b.
Occlusal plane at lower lip. c.
None of the above. *** d.
1.
Complete Denture 17th Ed
Cheek, lip, or tonaue biting:
a. Cheek biting is the most common and is mainly due to inadequate overjet.
Solution: Increase the overjet by reducing the buccal of the lower posterior teeth. Usually necessary in molar
area only.
b. Tongue biting -increase the overjet by reducing the lingual of the upper posterior teeth; usually the molars.
c. Lip biting is not common and is usually due to poor tooth placement or poor neuromuscular control.
Dental Decks - page 394 ` = Occlusal plane above
tongue.
Occlusal plane should be:
Parallel to interpupillary line. a.
Parallel to ala tragus line. b.
At least tongue is just above occlusal plane. c.
All of the above. *** d.
2.
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To enhance strength properties of ceramo metal restoration, it is important to: 73.
Avoid sharp or acute angles in the metal structure. a.
Build up thick layer of porcelain. b.
Porcelain should be of uniform thickness and any defect of the preparation should be compensated by
the metal substructure.
c.
Compensate any defect in the preparation equally by porcelain and metal substructure. d.
A and b are correct. e.
A and c are correct. *** f.
B and d are correct. g.
shillingburg 3rd ed - page 457
sharp angels and under cuts should be avoided.
thin porcelain with uniform thickness supported by rigid thickness is the strongest.
porcelain should be kept at a minimum thickness that is still compatible with good esthetic
deficiencies of the tooth preparation.should be compensated by with extra thickness of the coping in those
areas.
Endodontically treated 2
nd
maxillary premolar with moderate M & D caries is best restored by: 74.
Amalgam. a.
3/4 crown. b.
Full crown. *** c.
Onlay. d.
Occlusal rest function: 75.
To resist lateral chewing movement. a.
To resist vertical forces. *** b.
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Stability. c.
Retention. d.
.
In placement of R.D: 76.
4 jaw contact in teeth. a.
Only 4 contacts 2 lingual surface and 2 buccal surface. *** b.
Only 4 contacts 2 mesial and 2 distal. c.
Crown with open margin can be due to:
Putting die space on finishing line. *** a.
Waxing not covering all crown prep. ` b.
Over contouring of crown prevent seating during insertion. c.
All of the above. *** d.
77.
Artificial teeth best to be selected by:
Preextraction cord. *** a.
Postextraction cord. b.
78.
Dental Decks - page 408
In full gold crown, to prevent future gingival recession:
Make the tooth form good at gingival one third. *** a.
79.
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Make the tooth form good at gingival one fifth. b.
Make the tooth form good at gingival one half. c.
Dental Decks - page 466
Fixed partial prosthesis is more successful in:
Single tooth missing. *** a.
Multiple missing teeth. b.
80.
Best pontic is:
Ridge lap. a.
Hygiene. *** b.
81.
Saddle.
Indirect composite inlay has the following advantages over the direct composite EXCEPT: 82.
Efficient polymerization. a.
Good contact proximally. b.
Gingival seal. c.
Good retention. *** d.
OR:
Indirect composite inlay over come the direct composite by
1/ insusffition polymerization
2/good contact proximaly
3/ gingival seal
4/ good retention
1/ 1-2-4
2/ 1-2-3. ***
3/ 4-3
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Check bite of retainer by: 83.
Paste. *** 84.
Impression. 85.
` .
White polycarbonate are temporary crowns used for anterior teeth:
True. *** a.
False. b.
86.
Cause of fracture of occlusal rest:
Shallow preparation in marginal ridge. *** ` a.
Extension of rest to central fossa. b.
Improper centric relation. c.
87.
Bridge return to dentist from lab with different degree of color although the shade is the same, the
cause:
Thin metal framework. a.
Different thickness of porcelain. *** b.
Thick opaque. c.
88.
Complete denture poorly fit and inadequate interocclusal relation:
Relining. a.
89.
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Rebasing. b.
New denture. *** c.
None of the above. d.
During placement of amalgam pins, the number of pins per cusp is:
1 pin. *** a.
2 pins. b.
3 pins. c.
4 pins. d.
90.
Over erupted upper right 1
st
molar will be managed by: EXCEPT:
Intruded easily orthodontically. ***

a.
Crowing. b.
Adjustment of occlusion. c.
91.
Over erupting tooth can be treated by: 92.
Crowning after endo. *** 1.
Ortho intrusion. 2.
Extraction. 3.
A and B. 4.
All the above. 5.
The amount of facial redaction in PFM crown:
1.3. *** a.
93.
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1.7. b.
0.8. c.
2.2. d.
A tooth with 25 degree inclination could be used as abutment: `
True. *** a.
False. b.
94.
In onlay, stopping of cusp is 1.5-2 m.m:
True. *** a.
False. b.
95.
Causes of failure of cast crown. 96.
Which one of the following is least likely to contribute to oral bad breath:
Periodontal disease. a.
Denture. *** b.
Faulty restoration. c.
Carious lesions. d.
97.
For the ceramometal restorations, the type of finish line is: 98.
Chamfer *** a.
Beveled shoulder b.
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shillingburg 3rd ed - page 151
Beveled shoulder: According to the results of this study as the shoulder bevel had better fit than shoulder and
deep chamfer designs and also there was significant difference between shoulder bevel and shoulder, so it is
recommended to use shoulder bevel finish line in the metal ceramic restoration.
http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=jms.2008.665.668&org=11
Benefits of opaque porcelain layer: 99.
Bonding the metal structure. a.
Initiating the color. b.
A & b. *** c.
Dental Decks - page 604
Which of the following types of base materials can be placed in contact with polymethyl methaacrylate
& not inhibit the polymerization of the resin:
100.
ZOE a.
GI cement b.
Zn phosphate cement c.
Varnish d.
B, c. *** e.
Dental Decks - page 2076 - 2102
Cement which contains fluoride: 101.
GI. *** a.
ZOE. b.
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Reinforced ZOE. c.
Polycarboxylate cement. d.
the type of cement wich give retention to crown
a-zn phosphate
b-zn polycarpoxylate
c-resin
d-resin modified glass ionomer
102.
A restoration of anterior teeth with RCT, abraded incisal edge & small M&D caries is by: 103.
Ceramometal crown. *** a.
Composite laminated. b.
Veneer. c.
None of the above. d.
The powder for GI cement contain: 104.
Sio2, Al2o3, caf. *** a.
Sio2,zno, barium sulphate b.
None of the above. c.
GIC Powder: Silica 41.9% - Alumina 28.6% - Calcium Fluoride 15.7% - Sodium Fluoride 9.3% - Aluminium
Phosphate 3.8% - Aluminium Fluoride 1.6%
Cause of angular cheilitis: 105.
Loss vertical dimension Pt have complete denture. *** a.
Autoimmune factors. b.
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"Dental secrets"
` ` `
.
"Atlas Of Oral Medicine"
` ` ` .
. " ,' , "
` ` ` ) )
Porcelain shrinkage after firing: ` 106.
1-5% a.
5-10% b.
10-20% ` c.
At a firing temperature of 1400 C, they shrink by 16 percent
783 30 40 %
Both glass ionomer & polycarpoxylate cement contain: 107.
Polyacrylic acid. *** a.
ZOE powder. b.
Pins are insert into: 108.
Enamel. a.
Dentin. *** b.
DEJ. c.
All. d.
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: Dental secrets
2 1
After etch enamel and bond it with 5th generation the strength of? 109.
5-10Mp. a.
25Mp. b.
30Mp. c.
100Mp. d.
35
Provisional luting cement: ` ` 110.
Prevent restoration from dislodgement. *** a.
Sealing b.
`
Planning and Making Crown and Bridges page 134 ` ` .
Thickness of luting cement: ?? 111.
100 micrometer a.
40micro meter b.
1mm c.
"http:/tdc.thailis.or.th/tdc/browse.php?Option=show&browse_type=title&titleid=160951&
display=list_subject&q=Adhesives" http: //tdc.thailis.or.th/tdc/browse.php?Option=show&
browse_type=title&titleid=160951&display=list_subject&q=Adhesives
40 ` ` .
` 15 - 25 5 1 - 2 .
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` .
-Cements for luting have desired film thickness of 15: 25 microns.
-Cavity Liners(either solution or suspension liners) have a desired film thickness of 5 microns
-Bases have a final application thickness of 1-2mm(they may be thicker depending on the amount of dentin
that may be destroyed)
Source:
Dental Decks Part 2,2007-2008 page2072
The maximum allowable thickness is 25 m (ADA specification No. 96)
Dental Cements
The low 12-micron film thickness is ideally suited for luting applications
Zinc phosphate cement: 112.
Mechanical attachment *** a.
Chemical b.
Traditional Glass ionomer: 113.
Mechanical bonding. a.
Acid-base reaction *** b.
-Mechanical chemical bonding. c.
Dental Decks - page 2060 ` `

.
Pontic design of an FPD: 114.
Same size buccolingually of the missing tooth a.
Smaller than missing buccolingually. *** b.
Wider buccolingually c.
None of the above d.
` `

.
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Maryland bridge: 115.
Use with young. a.
To replace single missing tooth. *** b.
Rigid palatal strap major connector. The material of construction is
.co-cr
Gold ti
.gold ..
.wrought wire
1.
44. Zinc phosphate cement and polycarboxylic cement both have
a. Zinc oxide particles. ***
b. Silica quartz particles
c. Polyarcyilic acid
d. Phosphoric acid
` 90 % 10 %
52. GIC compared to composite:
a. Increase linear coefficient of Thermal Expansion
B. More wear resistant
c. Less soluble
d. Stiff
e. Polymerization shrinkage ***
: ` ) ( `

` .
67. Which material has best biocompatibility Intraorally:
a. Cobalt chromium
b. Titanium
c. Nickle chromium
d. Gold .... Palladium
69. Indirect retainers mostly needed:
a. Class VI
b. Class I ***
c. Class III
d. Class III with modification
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70. Porcelain teeth in complete denture opposing natural teeth are not preferred due to:
a. Increase occ load on natural teeth
b. Wear of natural teeth ***
c. Clicking during mastication
71. Which of following resto more likely to cause wear to opposing:
a. Composite
b. Gold
c. Porcelain ***
d. Amalgam
73. In restoring lost tooth, which is least important:
a. Esthetic
b. Pt demand ***
c. Function
d. Arch integrity and occlusal stability
Minimum thickness of noble metal crown
a-.1 mm
b-.5 mm ***
c-1 mm
d- 2 mm
Dental deck page 441
The necessary thickness of the metal substucture is 0.5 mm
the minimal porcelain thickness is 1.0 - 1.5 mm
1. Arrange the steps [ca(oh)2 placing varnish-base amalgam
"Art & Science - page 171"
Dental Decks - page
10. Soft palate falls abruptly facilitate recording post dam, falls gradually make recording post dam difficult
.two statement true
.two false ***
.first true, second false
.first false, second true
" : " 2006
_, :- ' _ .'

'-

., - ,- -,. ,= - .,. ., - . .-, ` - .


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16.60 YEARS old patient need to make complete denture with thick labial frenum with wide base. The
operation
.vestibuloplasty. ***
.z-plasty
.subperiostum incision
.deepmucoperiosteum incision
"Peterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2nd Ed 2004 page 173"
Z-plasty are effective for narrow frenum attachments. Vestibuloplasty is often indicated for frenum
attachments with a wide base.
_
2_
3_
4_ ` cl1 ` 6
5_
6_
7_
8_`
9_
10_
11_
12_
13_ ` 1 _ 6
14_ `
15_ ` `
16_ `
17_` `
Energy absorbed by the point of fracture called
a-ultimate strength
b-elastic limit
c-toughness. ***
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d-brittleness
Toughness
It is defined as the amount of energy per volume that a material can absorb before rupturing.
Toughness - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The ability of a metal to deform plastically and to absorb energy in the process before fracture is termed
toughness.
Toughness
587. Patient is diagnosed for ceramometal full veneer. You plan to use epoxy
Resin >>>>>>missing text>>>>>>>, what's the best impression material to be used :
A. Poly ether.
B. Poly sulfide.
C. Agar agar.
D. Irreversible hydrocolloid.
Q27) the impression material of choice when we want to take impression for epoxy resin pin is:
a) Polysulfide. ***
B) Polyether.
C. Agar agar.
D. Irreversible hydrocolloid.
Impression material cause bad taste to patient
a-poly sulfide. ***
b-polyether.
c-additional silicon
d- alginate
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Dental terminology
.
27-The impression used for preliminary impressions or study casts is:
Agar agar. 1.
Silicon. 2.
Alginate. *** 3.
None. 4.
Pt with complete denture come to your clinic, complaint from his dry mouth, the proper medicine is:
1. Anti diabetic medicine.
2. Anticordial. ***
3. Steroid.
Drug used to decease saliva during impression taking is:
1. Cholinergic.
2. AntiCholinergic. ***
3. Antidiabetic.
4. Anticorticosteroid
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atropine
Atropine: It is classified as an anticholinergic drug
Injections of atropine are used in the treatment of bradycardia (an extremely low heart
rate), asystole and pulseless electrical activity (PEA) in cardiac arrest. This works because the main action of
the vagus nerve of the parasympathetic system on the heart is to decrease heart rate. Atropine blocks this action
and, therefore, may speed up the heart rate.
Atropine's actions on the parasympathetic nervous system inhibits salivary, sweat, and mucus glands.
Atropine induces mydriasis by blocking contraction of the circular pupillary sphincter muscle, which is normally
stimulated by acetylcholine release
And
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Dental Decks - page 2012 - 2192
Scopolamine, atropine and benztropine are anticolinergic drugs. They decrease the flow of
And
salive.Cholinesterase inhibition is associated with a variety of acute symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, blurred
vision, stomach cramps, and rapid heart rate.
`:
- Cholinergic `
- anticholinergic `
- ` ` .
Minimal facial reduction when preparing for veneers:
a. 0.3 mm
b.03-0.5 mm ***
c. 1-1.5 mm
116.
Dental secrets ` 0.5 0.7 `

.
"Operative Dentistry A Practical Guide to Recent Innovations - page 83"
The facial enamel is usually reduced by 0.30.5mm, but where the underlying tooth is severely discolored,
reduction should be 0.7mm.
when removing lower second molar:
a- occlusal plane perpendicular To the floor
b- buccolingual direction to dilate socket. ***
c- mesial then lingual
117.
The best material for taking impression for full veneer crowns:
a) poly vinyl sialoxane (additional Silicone)***
118.
Stock trays compared to Custom trays for a removable partial denture impression 119.
A. Custom trays less effective than stock trays
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B. Custom trays can record an alginate impression as well as elastomeric impression
C. Custom trays provide even thickness of impression material. ***
D. All of the above
Which type of burs is the least in heat generation:
a) diamond
b) carbide ***
c) titanium
120.
"`
1-
2- ` `

: ` ) . )"
more heat generated in diamond burs
dental secrets: page 200
Pt. Wears complete denture for 10 years & now he has cancer in the floor of the mouth. What is the firs
question that the dentist should ask:
a- does your denture is ill fitted
b- smoking. ***+ (80% of the cancer of the floor of the mouth is caused by smoking)
c- Alcohol
d- does your denture impinge the o.mucosa. *** (traumatic cause)
121.
Screening Oral Cancer - Prepared by Bruce F. Barker, D.D.S. and Gerry J. Barker, R.D.H., M.A.
University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry
The most frequent cause of porosity in a prcelain restoration is
a- moisture of contamination
b- excessive firing temperature
c- excessive condensation of the porcelain
d - inadequate condensation of porcelain***
122.
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Dental decks 442
A compound fracture is characterized by
a-many small fragments
b -a star shaped appearance
c- an incomplete break in the bone
d- commuication with oral cavity***
Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry - 4th Ed. (2005)- page498
in common with all fracture they can be grouped into simple (closed linear fracture) compound (open
to mouth or skin
123.
And:
" Peterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2nd Ed 2004 page409"
65 years old black man wants to have very white teeth in his new denture what should the dentist do:
a- Put the white teeth
b- Show the patient the suitable color first then show him the white one.
c- Convince him by showing him other patients photos.
d- Tell him firmly that his teeth color are good.
124.
Or
- Do not show white teeth
Complete Denture 17th Ed page 73-74
Often a short informative talk using some of the tooth manufacturer's (or preferably your own) "before and
after" photos can be very effective in motivating patients to accept a more natural tooth selection.
SHADE SELECTION:
The shade is selected with the Portrait shade guide. There are 24 shades; enough to fulfill the color
requirement of any denture patient. The large selection seems confusing but you will soon note that certain
shades will be used the most. Shades A,B,C, & D (16) are the most useful and are called characterized shades
as they are a subtle mix of many shades. The last 8 are the Bioform shades, B59-882, and are not
characterized and do not look as natural. They are included as Bioform teeth and shades have been sold for
many years and it's often necessary to match them.
For youthful patients, use lighter shades with a bluish incisal. 1.
For older patients, use a darker shade with mostly body color. 2.
If the patient has dark hair, brown eyes, and dark skin, darker shades with more yellow and brown will
look more natural. 'This rule does not apply for Black patients as they often have very white teeth.
3.
If the patient has blue eyes and fair skin, use lighter shades with more gray. 4.
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Consider the patient's desires: Many patients have very definite ideas on tooth color and will often not
accept the above guidelines. Don't let the patient get a hold of the shade guide; many will select the
pearly white A1 !! Select a shade that you think is suitable and let them make the final choice.
5.
Consider the patient's old denture. Do they like the color of the teeth? If they think the color of the old
dentures teeth were satisfactory, match them closely. Keep in mind that teeth discolor and other
manufacture's shades may be somewhat different.
6.
:
` `
" "
` ` `
` . `
` ` `
` .

.
Patient with comp. denture pronouncing F as a V 125.
anterior teeth are upward from lip line. ***
dental decks II - page 396
Placement of maxillary anterior teeth in complete dentures too far from superiorly and anteriorly might result
in difficulty in pronouncing F and V sounds.
pt have a complete denture came to the clinic ,tell you no complaint in the talking ,or
in the chewing ,but when you exam him ,you see the upper lip like too long ,deficient in the
margins of the lip, reason is?
A)deficiency in the vertical dimensional
b)anterior upper teeth are short. ***
c)deficient in vit B
126.

Knife ridge should be tx with:
1/relining soft material
2/ maximum coverage of flange. ***
3/ wide occ. Table
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4/all
Dental Decks - page 414
If you are fibrating mandibular complete denture for with a patient with knife-edge ridge, you need maximal
extension of the denture to help distribute the forces of occlusion over a large area.
Occlusal splint device:
1/ used during increase vertical dimension
2/allative muscle of mastication. ***
3/ occlusal plane CR/CO
4/ALL
127.
What kind of suture used under the immediate denture:
1/ horizontal matters suture
2/ vertical matters suture
3/ interrupted suture
4/ continous locked suture. ***
128.
Provisional restoration for metal ceramic abutment is
a) aluminum sheet
b) stainless steel crown
c) zno
d) tooth colored polycarbonate crown***
129.
A completely edentulous patient, the dentist delivers a denture in the 1st day normally, 2nd day the
patient returns unable to wear the denture again, the cause is:
a) Lack of Skill of the patient
b) Lack of Frenum areas of the Complete denture.
130.
How can you alter the sitting time for alginate
a)alter ratio powder water ***
b)alter water ratio
c)we cant alter it
d)by accelerated addition
131.
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Dental decks page 672
The best method to control the gelation time (setting time) is altering the temperature of the water used in the
mix.
Changing the water/powder ratio also alter the gelation time but these method also impair certain properities
of the material. Too little or too much water will weaken the gel.Undermixing may prevent the chemical
action from occuring evenly;overmixing may break up the gel
Whats the reason of the wax shrinkage upon fabrication of the bridge/crown 132.
Doing CANTILEVERS, we consider all of the following EXCEPT:
a) small in all diameters
b) high yield strength
c) minimal contact
d) small occlosogingival length. ***
133.
The primary source of retention of porcelain veneer
1_mechanical retention from under cut
2_mechanical retention from secondary retentive features
3_chemical bond by saline coupling agent
4_micromechanical bond from itching of enamel and porcelain
134.
49) patient who has un-modified class II kennedy classification, with good periodontal condition and
no carious lesion the best clasp to use on the other side <teeth side>
a) reciprocal clasp (aker's clasp). ***
b) ring clasp
c) embrasure clasp
d) ...
----
135.
Edentulous pt cl II kenndy classification 2nd premolar used as abutment when we surving we found
mesial under cut wt is the proper clasp used:
1/wrought wire with round cross section
2/ wrought wire with half round cross section
3/cast clasp with round cross section
4/ cast clasp with half cross section
136.
A removable partial denture patient, Class II Kennedy classification. The last tooth on the left side is
the 2nd premolar which has a distal caries. Whats the type of the clasp you will use for this premolar:
a) gingivally approaching clasp. ***
b) ring clasp
137.
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Patient come to your clinic complaining that the denture become tight, during examination you notice
nothing, but when the patient stand you notice that his legs bowing (curved). What you suspect:
a) Pagets disease. ***
b) .x
c) .x
138.
Q9) Patient come to the clinic with ill-fitting denture, during examination you notice white small
elevation on the crest of the lower ridge, what will you tell the patient:
a) This lesion needs no concern and he should not worry.
B) The patient should not wear the denture for 2 weeks then follow up. ***
c) x
1.
Patient complains from pain in TMJ. During examination you noticed that during opening of the mouth
mandible is deviate the right side with left extruded. Diagnosis is:
a) Condylar displacement with reduction.
B) Condylar displacement without reduction. ***
C) .x
d) x
139.
Pt. Presented to u complain of click during open and close. Thers is no facial asymmetry EXCEPT
when opening What is the diagnosis:
1-internal derangement with reduction. ***
2-internal derangement without reduction
3-reumatoid arthritis
4-,,,,,,,
140.
1
` Disc dislocation with reduction ` `
`` )click(``
Disc dislocation without reduction
` click ``
To hasten Zinc Oxide cement, you add:
a) Zinc sulfide.
B) Barium sulfide.
C) Zinc acetate. ***
141.
D) Barium chloride.
Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry - 4th Ed. (2005) - page 770
"Journal of Dental Research"
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Advantage of Wrought Wire in RPD over Cast Wire:
a-Less irritation to the abutment.
142.
Why we use acrylic more than complete metal palate in complete denture:
- Cant do relining for the metal. ***
Relining of denture:
- remove all or part of fitting surface of the denture and add acrylic
- add acrylic to the base of the denture to increase vertical dimension. ***
143.
Rebasing of Complete Denture mean:
a-Addition or change in the fitting surface
b-Increasing the vertical dimension
c-Change all the fitting surface. ***
144.
: 401
Rebasing is replacement of most or all of the denture base.
.
Color Stability is better in:
a-Porcelain. ***
b-Composite
c-GIC
145.
when all the teeth are missing EXCEPT the 2 canines , according to kennedy classification it is:
a- Class I modification 1. ***
146.
` ) ` (
Pontics are classified according to their surface toward the ridge of the missing tooth ,
...............................
A-Both statment are true
b-both are false
c-1st is true ,2nd is false
d-1st false , 2nd true
147.
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Bone graft material from site to another site in the same person
a-allograft
b-auto graft ***
c-alloplast
d-xenograft
Energy absorbed by the point of fracture called
a-ultimate strengh
b-elastic limit
c-toughness ***
d-britlness
148.
Toughness
It is defined as the amount of energy per volume that a material can absorb before rupturing.
Toughness - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The ability of a metal to deform plastically and to absorb energy in the process before fracture is termed
toughness.
Toughness
best stress transfer under amalgam
a-with thin base layer.
b-with thick base layer. ***
c-if put on sound dentin.
149.
Tooth with full crown need RCT, you did the RCT through the crown, what is the best 150.
Restoration to maintain the resistance of the crown:
A) Glass ionomer resin with definite restoration.
23/ wax properties are:
1/ expansion
2/ internal stress
151.

: `
:
.
old pt came to replase all old amalgam filling he had sever occlusal attriation the best replacement is:
1/ composite
152.
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2/ amalgam
3/ cast metal restoration
4/ full crowns. ***
340 ` ` 5
instrument which we use to make groove in the wax is
Curver
153.
After u did upper& lower complete denture 4 old pt. He came back 2 the clinic next day complaining
of un comfort with the denture. After u re check ,no pain, good occlusion, good pronunciations , but u
notice beginning of inflammation in the gum and outer margins of the lips , u will think this is due to:
1- xerostomia.
2-vit-B deficiency
154.
Xerostomia can cause difficulty in speech and eating. It also leads to halitosis and a dramatic rise in the
number of cavities, as the protective effect of saliva's remineralizing the enamel is no longer present, and can
make the mucosa and periodontal tissue of the mouth more vulnerable to infection
Put separating medium.
Wait. ***
put varnish.
155.
:
` ` .
( `

` )
And
Dental Decks - page 2268
"Galvenic shock: generally it gradually subsides and disappears in a few days"
51-colour of normal gingiva in interplay between:
Keratin- b.v. melanin- epithelial thickness
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Pt has bad oral hygine and missing the right and left lateral insicor what ttt
1_implant
2_rpd
3_conventional fpd
4_Marylad bridge. ***
"Summery of Operative dentistry page 44"
Small occlusal forces (adhesive bridges in bruxist patients or when replacing maxillary canine have poor
results) Intermediate restoration. Missing lateral incisors. Virgin abutment teeth. Favorable occlusal
scheme (deep overbite unfavourable, Class III occlusion favourable) Splinting teeth.
surgical interference with edentulous ridge for
a-good retention, stability and continuous uniform alveolar ridge. ***
---
.In FPD in upper posterior teeth we should have gingival embrasure space to have healthy gingival so the
contact:
-in the middle
-depend in the opposing occlusion
8.Bonding agent for enamel we use:
-unfilled resin. ***
-primer & adhesive bonding agent.
-resin dissolve in acetone or alcohol.
-primer with resin modified glass ionomer.
Dental secrets page 188
1- The etchant: phosphoric acid, nitric acid, or another agent that is used to etch enamel and/or precondition
the dentin.
2- The primer: a hydrophylic monomer in solvent, such as hydroxymethalmethacrylate. It acts as a wetting
agent and provides micromechanical and chemical bonding to dentin
3- The unfilled resin is then applied and light or dual-cured. This layer can now bond to composite, pretreated
porcelain luted with composite, or amalgam in some products.
. Cast with (+ve) bubble b/c of:
- Mixing stone
- Voids in impression when taken by the dentist*.
-pouring
-using warm water when mixing ston.
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.most important criteria for full ceramic FPD:
-high compressive strength. ***
- High tensile strength.
Restorative dental materials 2002 page 5
Because ceramics are stronger in compression than in tension, this property is used to advantage to provide
increased resistance to shattering.
19- Balance occlusion should be utilize in natural dentition. & may all or some of the teeth contact in both
side regardless where mandible move.
-.1st true & 2nd false
- 1st false & 2nd true
- both false
- both true
20. Balance occlusion in complete denture help in:
-retention
- stability &..
-
21. Reciprocal arm in RPD help to resist the force applied by which parts:
-retentive arm. ***
- guide plane and
Material which used for flasking complete denture:
- plaster. ***
- stone
-refractory
The best method for core build up is:
1. Amalgam. ***
2. Compomer.
3. Glass ionomer.
http://dfd.atauni.edu.tr/UploadsCild/files/2007-1/2007_1_4%20.pdf
light-cure composite resin (President) and amalgam (Cavex avalloy) were statistically different than the other
materials tested. They are stronger than compomer followed by resin modified glass ionomer and
conventional glass ionomer core materials.
Q- best core material receiving a crown on molar:
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a)amalgam. ***
b)reinforced glass ionomer.
d)composite
Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry - 4th Ed. (2005) page 158
Direct method Pre-formed posts are cemented into one or more canals. Amalgam may also be Packed into the
coronal aspect of the root canals (Nayyar core technique) and an amalgam core Built up, which is the
preferred technique. Resin modified GI or resin composite may also be used.
These materials have the advantage that the preparation can be completed at the same visit. A Dentine
adhesive system should be used with resin composite to enhance retention.
Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics page 185
composite resin cores exhibit greater microleakage than do amalgam cores,29 and they are not as
dimensionally stable as amalgam in an vitro study. crowns made for teeth with composite resin cores failed to
seat by 226 um more than crowns made for teeth with amalgam cores after immersion in body-temperature
normal saline solution for 1 week. The surface of a composite resin core is affected adversely by exposure to
zinc oxide-eugenol temporary cement,31 although that does not seem to have a negative effect on the tensile
strength of the final crown.
the favored relationship in case of fabrication of a lower class 1 RPD opposing a natural dentition is
1- prognathism
2- working side
3- balancing side
4- none of the above
Regardless of the method used in creating a harmonious
functional occlusion, an evaluation of the
existing relationships of the opposing natural teeth
must be made and is accomplished with a diagnostic
mounting. This evaluation is in addition to, and in
conjunction with, other diagnostic procedures that
contribute to an adequate diagnosis and treatment
plan.
Diagnostic casts provide an opportunity to evaluate
the relationship of remaining oral structures
when correctly mounted on a semiadjustable articulator
by use of a face-bow transfer and interocclusal
records. Diagnostic casts are mounted in centric
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relation (most retruded relation of the mandible to
the maxillae) so that deflective occlusal contacts can
be correlated with those observed in the mouth.
Deflective contacts of opposing teeth are usually
destructive to the supporting structures involved and
should be eliminated.
) best material for major connector.
Gold wrought wire
chrome cobalt ***
gold palladium
titanium
41) during 3/4 crown preparation on premolar, bur used to add retentive grooves is:
radial fissure
42) on a central incisor receiving a full ceramic restoration, during finishing of the
shoulder finish line subgingivally
Diamond end cutting
Pt construct for him a complete denture after few days he came to u complaining from pain & white spots on
the residual ridge do relief in that area & give him ointment & after few days he came again complaining the
same but in another area the main cause is :
a. Uneven pressure on the crest of alveolar ridge. ***
b. Increase vertical dimension
---
After final inlay cementation and before complete setting of cement we should:
a-remove occlusal interferences
b-burnishing of peripheries of restoration for more adaptation. ***
c-lowering occlusal surface
"Pickard's Manual of Operative Dentistry Eighth edition OXFORD page 186"
It is easier to remove excess cement before it finally sets. Once the cement is hard the rubber dam is removed
and the occlusion checked with articulating paper and adjusted with fine diamond burs.
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Patient have a complete denture come to your clinic he complain of gagging he wear the denture for 5 years
he feel the gagging in the first few days and it disappear what is the cause:
1. Extend of the upper denture.
2. The patient has sensitivity to gagging.
17) patient with 5 years old denture has a severe gag reflex , upon history he says he had the same symptoms
in the first few days of the denture delievery and it went all alone
patient has severe gag reflex
patient has underlying systemic condition. ***
denture is overextended
----
20 Female come need to endodontic for central insical ,and have media composite restorations in the mesial
and distal walls ,and have attrition in the insicial, edge the best restoration?
1. Jacket crown.
2. Full crown. ***
3. Metal crown.
Completed in centric occlusion is normal but in eccentric occlusion the lower ant teeth & upper ant are
interfere with contact wt should be do:
1/reduction of mand incisor
2/'' '' max ''
3/reduction of lingual inclination of max incisior
4/'' '' '' '' '' '' mand ''
Pt need complete dt, when u did the examination u notice the max tubersity will be interfere with dt
1/need 12 no blade to be extention. ***
2/partial thickness flap extend buccal & palatal
3/suture under tension
Peterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2nd Ed 2004 page 169
Tuberosity Reduction:
Excesses in the maxillary tuberosity may consist of soft tissue, bone, or both. Sounding, which is performed
with a needle, can differentiate between the causes with a local anesthetic needle or by panoramic radiograph.
Bony irregularities may be identified, and variations in anatomy as well as the level of the maxillary sinuses
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can be ascertained. Excesses in the area of the maxillary tuberosity may encroach on the interarch space and
decrease the overall freeway space needed for proper prosthetic function. Access to the tuberosity area can be
obtained easily using a crestal incision beginning in the area of the posterior tuberosity and progressing
forward to the edge of the defect using a no. 12 scalpel blade. Periosteal dissection then ensues exposing the
underlying bony anatomy. Excesses in bony anatomy are removed using a side-cutting rongeur
10- for recording of vertical dimention we use
Willis Gauge. ***
caliper.
Face bow
Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry - 4th Ed. (2005) page 194
Resting face height is assessed using:
A Willis gauge, to measure the distance between the base of nose and the underside of the chin. Is only
accurate to 1 mm.
Spring dividers, to measure the distance between a dot placed on both the chin and the tip of the patient's
nose. This method is less popular with patients and is C/I for bearded gentlemen (or ladies!).
The patient's appearance and speech.
Questions and Answers for Dental Nurses
Willis gauge is used to record the occlusal face height of the the patient.
Dental Decks - page 420
A face-bow is a caliper-like device used to record the patient's maxilla/hinge axis relationship (opening and
closing axis). It is also used to transfer this relationship to the articulator during the mounting of the maxillary
cast.
15)what name of bur used in proximal surface of laminate veneer???
Radial
dimound. ***
fissure
http://www.brasselerusa.com/documents/Nixon_Porcelain%20Veneer%20II.pdf
The facial depth cuts are removed with the 850-014 diamond bur, and the long axis of the diamond bur is
rolled into the proximal chamfer area to eliminate any sharp line angles
16)what name of bur use in facial surface of veneer???
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Dimond. ***
fissure
http://www.brasselerusa.com/products/display.cfm?zoom=diamonds&id=38
Round-end diamonds create chamfer margin and facial reduction for direct and indirect veneer restorations
18- What type pontic design would you in a patient with a high esthetic demand when preparing teeth number
9 11 for a F P D :
a- ridge lap or saddle pontic
b- An ovate pontic
c- modified ridge lap pontic. ***
Dental Decks - page 483
18.class III crown fracture in child patient the type of pontic
.ovate. ***
.egg shaped
.hygienic
.ridge lap
195) Porcelain, highly esthetic, anterior maxilla area, we choose:
A) Dicor
B) in ceram. ***
C)impress
Fundamentals of fixed prosthodontics page 436
In-Ceram has been used to fabricate fixed partial dentures, but the manufacturer recommends only short-span
(three-unit) anterior restorations.
Alumina-reinforced ceramic systems (In-Ceram) significantly improve the light reflection characteristics of
crowns when compared to conventional metal-ceramic restorations.
However, opaque aluminum oxide diminishes translucency when compared to leucite-reinforced systems
(Optec, IPS-Empress). To improve light transmission and reflection in single anterior crowns where
maximum strength is not required, a magnesium aluminous
spinel may be utilized. The transilluminating qualities seem to be similar to those of natural teeth.
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196) the highest strength in porcelain:
A) ZR (zircon) reinforced in ceram. ***
198) Amalgam pain after restoration due to:
A) phase 2 gamma
B) phase 1 gamma
C) zinc containing alloy. ***
D) Admix alloy
43. Zinc if added to amalgam
a. Increase moisture sensitivity and cause expansion
b. Increase marginal integrity and longevity than zinc free amalgam
c. A. ***
d. B
e. A+ b.
Dental Decks - page 2312

.
86) silane coupling agent:
1/ used with porcelain to enhance wetability of bonding. ***
2/ used with tooth and porcelain.
Oxford Handbook of Clinical Dentistry - 4th Ed. (2005) page 146
Remove inlay and clean with alcohol. For porcelain only, place layer of silane coupling agent on fitting
surface.
Etch enamel and dentine (total etch concept). Wash and remove excess moisture, but do not dry.
Dental Decks - page 2102
Silane acts as an adhesive between the inert filler and the organic matrix
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342) distal surface for first upper premolar ,contact with the neighbor teeth :
A)in the middle with buccal vastness wider than lingual one
B)in the middle with lingual vastness wider than bucccaly one. ***
27-Which tooth require special attention when preparing the occlusal aspect for restoration:
a- lower 2ed molar
b- lower 1st premolar. ***
c- lower 2ed premolar
d- upper 1st molar
Dental Decks - page 2295
How can u repair fractured rest(in the place where it passes over the marginal ridge of the tooth ) in
removable partial denture?
A-spot welding
b-electric soldering
c-industrial brazing
d-.......
52 Cavity etching before applying GIC is:
1. Polyacrylic acid 10 seconds. ***
2. Polyacrylic acid 60 seconds.
3. Phosphoric acid 10 seconds.
4. Phosphoric acid 60 seconds.
Pt have denture, after 5 year he complain of ulcer and inflammation in lower buccal vestibule. wt is the Dx:
1/hypertrophic Frenum. ***
2/ epulis fissurment.
65 Patient presented to you after fitting the immediate denture 5 10 months, complaining pain and over
tissue in the mandibular, what is the diagnosis:
1. Epulis fissurment. ***
2. Hypertrophic Frenum.
63. Biological width
a. 1 mm
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b. 2mm ***
c. 3mm
d. 4mm
28- to design a lingual bar we should determine:
a- The inferior border of lingual sulcus
b- Superior border of lingual sulcus
c- ..
.
The test for testing the bur all the blades of the burs path through 1 point called
ronted,1
2 constidty
2 routed and constedety
none of above
The kind of on lay wax used in cast
1 braffiene
2>>>>>
3>>>>>
----
The cause of black cast which prevent pickling due to
over heat
contaminate with gas
incomplete casting
----
347) What is the main function of impression tray holes :
A)Fixing the Impression material. ***
351) Whats the reason of the wax shrinkage upon fabrication of the bridge/crown :
Q-contra indication of implant EXCEPT
1_many dental caries. ***
2_malignancy
3_radiation therapy
----
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1- dental implant are successfully with min failure:
a-premaxilla area in the upper arch. ***
b-posterior area of the maxillary arch.
c-mandible between the mental foramen.
d-buccal shelf of the mandible.
----
354) Whats the best implant type allowing Osseointegration:
A) Root-form Endosseous implant. ***
The indications of implantation:
1. Diabetic patient.
2. Loss of one tooth only with the adjecent teeth. ***
399) The best material for taking full crown veneers impression is :
A) Poly-sulphide
B) Poly-ether
C) Irreversible hydrocolloid
D) Poly vinyl siloxane (Additional silicone). ***
Dental Decks
406) Preparation of tooth for metal ceramic restoration should be done in:
A) two planes. ***
A) parallel to long axis
26-Labial reduction for porcelain metal restoration must be:
1 plane for aesthetic. 1.
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2 plane by follow the monophology. *** 2.
343) preparation for labial surface in one plane in the preparation for metal crown is:
A)more retentive
B) less retentive. ***
410) when removing lower second molar :
A) occlusal plane perpendicular To the floor
B) buccolingual direction to dilate socket.
C) mesial then lingual
656. Pt with complete denture complain from tightness of denture in morning then become good this due to
A) relif of denture. *** (because there may be pressure points or areas that the tissues will try to Adjust to it
throughout the day)
B)lack of cheeck elastisty (pressure on the flanges <> displacement of denture)
C)poor post dam (no posterior seal <> displacement of denture)
659. A border line diabetic pt came with denture stomatitis you find abundant debris in the tissue surface area
of the denture>>the proper management is:
A. Systemic antibiotic
B. Topical antifungal. *** (topical + relining with a tissue conditioner + rest of tissues at night +Good oral
hygiene)
C. Systemic antifungal
D. Topical antibiotic
28-Receiving the impression after removal from the mouth directly:
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It must be disinfected immediately. 1.
It must be poured immediately. *** 2.
It must be mounted immediately. 3.
It must be left for minutes. 4.
29-The peripheries of the custom tray should be under extended to all border and clearance from the frenum
areas:
2mm. *** 1.
4mm. 2.
6mm. 3.
8mm. 4.
31-The goal of making the peripheries of the custom tray under extended to all bordered clearance from the
frenum areas:
To give enough space for the used impression materials to allow border molding the tray. *** 1.
To give enough space for the die spacer. 2.
To give enough space for the cementation materials. 3.
None. 4.
34-The base plate could bee made by:
Acrylic plate. 1.
Ceramic plate. 2.
Wax plate. 3.
A and c. *** 4.
35-The vertical height of the maxillary occlusion rim from the reflection of the cast is:
12mm. 1.
22mm. *** 2.
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32mm. 3.
42mm. 4.
36-The anterior width of the maxillary occlusion rim is:
5mm. *** 1.
10mm. 2.
15mm. 3.
20mm. 4.
37-The posterior width of the maxillary occlusion:
8-10mm. *** 1.
8-15mm. 2.
10-15mm. 3.
15-20mm. 4.
38-The anterior height of the mandibular occlusion rim is:
6mm. 1.
16mm. *** 2.
26mm. 3.
36mm. 4.
39-The posterior height of mandibular occlusion rim is:
Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of retro molar pad. *** 1.
Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of the frenum areas. 2.
Equal to the point representing 1/2 of the height of the alveolar ridge. 3.
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None. 4.
40-To record the occlusal plane in order to:
To determine the amount of space between the mandible and the maxilla which will be occupied by an
artificial teeth
1.
To determine vertical and horizontal level of the teeth. 2.
A and B. *** 3.
None. 4.
41-To record the vertical dimension in order to:
To determine the amount of space between the mandible and the maxilla which will be occupied by an
artificial teeth.
1.
To determine vertical and horizontal level of the teeth. *** 2.
A and B. 3.
None. 4.
1-The protrusive condylar guidance should be set on the articulator at:
40 degree. 1.
50 degree. 2.
60 degree. 3.
70 degree. *** 1.
2-The lateral condylar posts should be set on the articulator at:
Zero degree. *** 2.
20 degree. 1.
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40 degree. 2.
None. 3.
3-The incisal guide should be set on the articulator at:
Zero degree. *** 3.
20 degree. 1.
40 degree. 2.
None. 3.
4-The primary goal of anterior tooth selection is:
To provide good functional requirements. 1.
To satisfy aesthetic requirements. *** 4.
To let the patient feel comfortable. 2.
None. 3.
5-The primary goal of posterior tooth selection is:
To provide good functional requirements. *** 5.
To satisfy aesthetic requirements. 1.
To satisfy sychological requirements. 2.
None. 3.
6-You need.to get the teeth shade:
Shade guide. *** 6.
Incisal guide. 1.
Acrylic teeth. 2.
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Porcelain teeth. 3.
7-The teeth materials are:
Acrylic teeth. 1.
Porcelain teeth. 2.
A and B. *** 7.
None. 3.
8-The width of the lower teeth is:
1/2 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. 1.
1/3 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. 2.
3/4 of the maxillary anterior teeth in normal jaw relationship. *** 3.
None. 4.
9-Generally posterior teeth are classified into:
Anatomy (cusp) teeth. 1.
Non-anatomy (cuspless) teeth or flat. 2.
A and B. *** 3.
None. 4.
10-The process of positioning or arranging teeth on the denture base is termed:
Casting. 1.
Investing. 2.
Setting up. *** 3.
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Flasking. 4.
11-Important functions must be considered when arranging anterior teeth:
Aesthetics. 1.
Incision. 2.
Phonetics. 3.
All. 4.
12-Which surface of the central incisor that contacts the median line:
Distal. 1.
Mesial. *** 2.
Buccal. 3.
Lingual. 4.
13-The incisal edge of the maxillary lateral incisor is..above and parallel to the occlusal plane:
1/2 mm. *** 1.
1 mm. 2.
2 mm. 3.
3 mm. 4.
14-The long axis of the maxillary cuspid is inclined slightly to the:
Mesial. 1.
Distal. *** 2.
Buccal. 3.
Lingual. 4.
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15-It is called .. When the occlusal surfaces of the right and left posterior teeth are on the same level:
Vertical plane. 1.
Horizontal plane. *** 2.
Compensating curve. 3.
All. 4.
16-The . Of the maxillary first bicuspid is raised approximately 1/2mm of the ocllusal plane:
Buccal cusp. 1.
Lingual cusp. *** 2.
Mesial surface. 3.
All. 4.
17-The long axis of the maxillary first molar is inclined to
Buccal. 1.
Mesial. 2.
Distal. 3.
Lingual. *** 4.
18-All maxillary posterior teeth touch the occlusal plane EXCEPT:
First bicuspid. 1.
Second bicuspid. 2.
First molar. 3.
Second molar. *** 4.
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19-The distance between the lingual surfaces of the maxillary anterior teeth and the labial surfaces of the
mandibular anterior teeth is:
Vertical overlap (overbite). 1.
Horizontal overlap (overjet). *** 2.
Occlusal plane. 3.
All. 4.
20-The distance between the incisal edges of the maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth is:
Horizontal overlap (overjet). 1.
Vertical overlap (overbite). *** 2.
Occlusal plane. 3.
All. 4.
21-The average distance between the lingual surface of the maxillary anterior teeth and the buccal surface of
the mandibular anterior teeth is:
1/2mm. 1.
1mm. *** 2.
2mm. 3.
3mm. 4.
22-Which tooth of the mandibular anterior teeth that touch the lingual surface of the maxillary anterior teeth
in normal centric relation?
Central incisor. 1.
Lateral incisor. 2.
Cuspid (Canine). *** 3.
None. 4.
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23-The mesial surface of the mandibular lateral incisor contacts:
The mesial surface of the central incisor. 1.
The distal surface of the central incisor. *** 2.
The mesial surface of the cuspid. 3.
The distal surface of the cuspid. 4.
24-The tip of cusp of the mandibular cuspid is one above the occlusal plane to establish . Of the
maxillary anterior:
Horizontal overlap. 1.
Occlusal plane. *** 2.
Vertical overlap. 3.
All. 4.
25-The relation involves the movement of the mandibular to the side either right or left in which the act of
mastication is to be accomplished. Therefore the side to which the mandible moves is called:
Balancing side. 1.
Working side. *** 2.
Compensating side. 3.
All. 4.
26-When the mandible moves to the working side, the opposite side cusp to cusp contacts in order to balance
stresses of mastication. This relation is called:
Working relation. 1.
Balancing relation. *** 2.
Occlusal relation. 3.
None. 4.
27-In order to distribute the primary forces of mastication, to fall within the base of the denture, the
mandibular teeth are set:
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On the bucal edge of the ridge. 1.
On the lingual edge of the ridge. 2.
On the crest of the ridge. *** 3.
All. 4.
28-The mandibular posterior tooth that has no contact with any maxillary teeth during the balancing
occlusion is:
First bicuspid. *** 1.
Second bicuspid. 2.
First molar. 3.
Second molar. 4.
29-The used device in flasking procedure is called:
Articulator. 1.
Separating medium. 2.
Flask. *** 3.
None. 4.
30-We Vaseline the inner surface of the flasks all rounds:
To help in the packing procedure. 1.
To separate the models (casts) safety. *** 2.
A and B. 3.
None. 4.
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31-The procedure that follows the flasking procedure is called:
Polishing. 1.
Deflasking. 2.
Packing. *** 3.
Curing the acrylic. 4.
33-Teeth selection in setting up teeth gsf is based of these factors:
Shade of the teeth. 1.
Size and shape of the teeth. 2.
Angle of the teeth. 3.
A and B. *** 4.
All the above. 5.
1- is the art and science of functional, anatomic and cosmetic reconstruction of missing or defective
parts in the maxilla, mandible or face by the use of non living substances:
Complete denture. 1.
Maxillofacial prostheses. *** 2.
Orthodontics. 3.
Partial denture. 4.
2-.. Is the one that provides application and device to restore aesthetic and functional requirements to
patients with maxillofacial defects:
Endodontist. 1.
Pedodontist. 2.
Maxillofacial prosthodontist. *** 3.
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Peridontist. 4.
3-The objectives of maxillofacial prosthetics:
Aesthetic. 1.
Functions. 2.
Protect the tissues. 3.
All. *** 4.
4-The type of maxillofacial defects:
Congenital defects. 1.
Acquired defects. 2.
Developmental defects. 3.
All. *** 4.
5-Cleft palate, cleft lip, missing ear, prognathism are:
Acquired defects. 1.
Congenital defects. *** 2.
Developments defects. 3.
None. 4.
8-Extra-oral restorations are:
Radium shield. 1.
Ear plugs for hearing. 2.
Missing eye, missing nose or ear. *** 3.
All. 4.
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9-Lost part of maxilla or mandible with the facial structures is classified by:
Intra-oral restorations. 1.
Extra-oral restorations. 2.
Combined intra-oral and extra-oral restorations. *** 3.
All. 4.
11-The lack of continuity of the roof of the mouth through the whole or part of its length in the form of
fissure extending anteroposteriorly is:
Obturator. 1.
Splint. 2.
Stent. 3.
Congenital cleft palate. *** 4.
12-The factors that influence the induction of cleft palate:
Hereditary. 1.
Environmental. 2.
A and B. *** 3.
None. 4.
14-A prosthesis used to close a congenital or acquired opening in the palate is:
Stent. 1.
Splint. 2.
Obturator. *** 3.
None. 4.
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19-The prepared surface of an abutment to receive the rest is called:
Minor connecter. 1.
Major connecter. 2.
Rest seat. *** 3.
None. 4.
20-The part of a removable partial denture that contacts a tooth it affords primarily vertical support is called:
Minor connecter. 1.
Major connecter. 2.
Rest. *** 3.
None. 4.
21-The part of a removable partial denture is:
Rests. 1.
Major connecters. 2.
Retainers. 3.
All. *** 4.
22-A rigid part of the partial denture casting that unites the rests and another part of the prosthesis to the
opposite side of the arch is called:
Minor connecter. 1.
Major connecter. *** 2.
Retainer. 3.
Rest. 4.
24-The part of a removable denture that forms a structure of metal struts that engages and unites the metal
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casting with the resin forming the denture base is called:
Minor connecter. 1.
Major connecter. 2.
Denture base connecter. *** 3.
Retainer. 4.
26-The rests are classified into:
Anterior rests. 1.
Posterior rests. 2.
A and B. *** 3.
None. 4.
30-The surveyor instrument consists of:
Vertical arm. 1.
Cast platform or table. 2.
Small analysis rod. 3.
All. *** 4.
31-The primary guiding surface that determines the insertion for the partial denture is:
The tooth surface opposite to the edentulous areas. 1.
The tooth surface adjacent to the edentulous areas. *** 2.
None. 3.
32-The one who is supposed to give the correct design of the removable partial denture:
Prosthodontist. *** 1.
Technician. 2.
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Assistant. 3.
None. 4.
33-To fabricate a removable partial casting requires making a second cast of high-heat investment material
this cast is called:
Study cast. 1.
Master cast. 2.
Refractory cast. *** 3.
All. 4.
34-Kennedy divided all partial edentulous arches:
Tow main types. 1.
Three main types. 2.
Four main types. *** 3.
Five main types. 4.
35-According to the Kennedy's classification, the bilateral edentulous areas located posterior to the remaining
natural teeth is:
Class one. *** 1.
Class tow. 2.
Class three. 3.
Class four. 4.
36-According to the Kennedy's classification, unilateral edentulous area with natural teeth remaining both
anterior and posterior is:
Class one. 1.
Class tow. 2.
Class three. *** 3.
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Class four. 4.
3 - Retentive grooves:
Always axiobuccal and axiolingual. *** 1.
Prevent lateral displacement of restoration. 2.
Is axiopulpal and axiogingival. 3.
Patient need fixed bridge after you check in moth of the pateint see change color of bridge to cloudy to milky
what causes?
excessive fired. ***
reduced fired
excessive moisture
increased poursity
Dental Decks2 - Page 712
when porcelain is fired too many times it may devitrify this appears as a milky state and make glazing very
difficult
The Ideal crown-to- root ratio of a tooth be utilized as abridge abutment is:
a- 3:1.
b- 2:1.
c- 1:2. ***
d- 1:1.
Dental Decks
The primary role of the anterior teeth on a denture is:
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Esthetics
Dental decks - page 407
12 the function of post
a. provide retention for a crown
b. enhance the strength of the tooth
c. provide retention for a core
d. provide the root canal sealing
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