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Apollo 11 - Goodwill Messages

Apollo 11 - Goodwill Messages

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Published by Gheorghita Vednueb
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Aircraft, NASA, Apollo Mission, Columbia, Science, Space, Spaceflight, Planetary, Space Shutlle,
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Aircraft, NASA, Apollo Mission, Columbia, Science, Space, Spaceflight, Planetary, Space Shutlle,

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FOR RELEASE

:
RELEASE NO: 69-83F

SUNDAY J u l y 13, 1969

. . . -.
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APOLLO 11 GOODWILL MESSAGES

A small disc carrying statements by Presidents Eisenhower,
Kennedy,. Johnson and Nixon and messages of g o o d w i l l from leaders of 73 countries around the world will be left on the Moon
b y the Apollo 11 astronauts.

The disc a l s o c a r r i e s a listing of the leadership of t h e Congress and a listing o f members of the f o u r committees of the House and Senate responsible f o r the National Aeronautics and Space Administration legislation. Additionally, the names of
.

NASA's top management, including past Administrators and Deputy Administrators, and the present NASA management are included. These include NASA's first Administrator, D r . T. Keith Glennan; i t s long-time Deputy Administrator, the late Dr. Hugh

L. Dryden; former Administr>atorJames E. Webb; and former
Deputy Administrator, Dr. Robert C. Seamans, Jr., present Secretary of the Air Force. -more-

7/11/69
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Dr. Thomas 0 Paine is the present NASA Administrator.

The disc, about the size of a 50-cent piece, is made of
silicon -- ,a non-metallic chemical element found abundantly in nature and used widely im modern electronics. Through a process used to make microminiature electronic circuits, the statements, the messages, and names were etched
(sn the grey-colored disc.

Each message was reduced 200 times

to a size rnuch smaller than the head of a ! ) i n ( 0 . 0 4 2 5 x 0 . 0 5 5 inches) and appears on the disc as a barely visible dot.
NASA':;

Electronics Research Center at Cambridge, Mass.,

was assisted by the Sprague Electric Company's Serci-Conductor Division, Worcester, Mass., in preparing the historic disc. In addition to the disc, Astronauts Neil A . Armstrong and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr., will also leave on the lunar surface an American flag and a plaque inscribed "Here men from the plafiet Earth/First set foot upon the Moon/July 1969 A.D./We came in peace for all mankind." The plaque will bear the names of

Armstrong, Aldrin, the third Apollo astronaut,Michael Collins, and President Nixon, and will be attached to a leg of the descent stage of the lunar module.

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-3At the top of the disc is the incription:
"Goodwill

messages from around the world brought to the Moon by the astronauts of A p o l l o 11." Around the rim is the statement: "From Planet Earth -- July 1969.
'

The messages from foreign leaders congratulate the United States and its astronauts and also express hope for peace to all nations of the world. Some are handwritten, others typed

and many are in native language.

A highly decorative message

from the Vatican is signed by Pope Paul.

Silicon, which first came into general use Curing World War I1 in the production of diodes, was chcsen to % e a r the miniaturlzed messages for its ability to withstand the extreme temperatures of the Moon which range from 2 5 0 degrees to minus

280 Fahrenheit.
Because of its purity and s t a b i l : ? j r , silicon is used extensively today in production of tiny integrated circuits b y a process that permits hundreds of devices to be formed a t one time within the thin silicon disc. The same process used in making integrated circuits p r o duced the message chip. First, the messages were photographed

and the photo reduced 200 t i m e s .
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-4The resulting Image was transferred to glass which was used as a mask through which ultra-violet light was beamed onto'a photo-sensitive film on the silicon disc. After a photo-

development step, the disc was washed with hydroflouric acid which accomplished the flnal etching. The disc itself is fragile and wlll be transported by
the astronauts in an aluminum capsule and will remain in the

capsule on the lunar surface. The words on the disc, although not visible to the naked eye, will remain readable through a microscope. Following are the statements of the four Presidents:

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-5PRESIDENTIAL STATEMENTS -' I . . .The Cocgress h e r e b y d e c l a r e s t h a t i t is t h e polj.cy of t h e Unit.ed S t a t e s t h a t a c t i v i t i e s I n s p a c e s h o u l d be devoted t o p e a c e f u l p u r p o s e s f o r t h e b e n e f i t of a l l mankind ..."

N a t i o n a l A e r o n a u t i c s and Space Act o f 1 9 5 8 Signed b y Presiderrt Dwight D . Eisenhower J u l y 29, 1958
"...We go i n t o s p a c e b e c a u s e whatever mankind m u s t undert a k e , f r e e men must f u l l y share. I b e l i e v e t h a t t n i s Nation s h o u l d c o r m i t Itse1.f t o a c h i c v i n g t h e g o a l . b e f o r e this decade i s o u t , of l a n d i n g a man on t h e mcon and r e t u r n i n g him s a f e l y t o earth. No single s p ~ c e p r o j e c t i n t h i s p e r i o d will b e more c.xci%.ing, o r more i m p r e s s i v e t o mankind, o r more i m p o r t a n t f o r t h e long-range e x p l o r a t i o n of' s p a c e ; 11 and none w l l l b e s o d i f f i c u l t or e x p e n s i v e t o a c c o m p l i s h . .

.....

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P r e s i d e n t John F . Kennedy

May 25, 1961

" . . .We e x p e c t t o e x p l o r e the moon, n o t j u z t v i s i t i t or p h o t o g r a p h i t . We p l s n t o e x p l o r e and cha-t p l a n e t s as w e l l . W e s h a l l expand o u r e a r t h l a b o r a t o r i e s into s p a c e l a b o r a t o r i e s and e x t e n d o u r n a t i o n a l s t r e n g t h i n t o t h e space dimension. The p u r p o s e of t h e American p e o p l e -- expressed i n t h e e a r l i e s t d a y s o f t h e Space Age -- remains unchanged and unwavering. W e are determined t h a t s p a c e s h a l l b e a n avenue toward peace and w e b o t h invice and welcome a l l men t o joirr w i t h u s i n t h i s g r e a t opportunity. ..'I
P r e s i d e n t , Lyndon B . Johnson January 2 7 , 1965

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"...Our current exploration of space mqkes the point vividly: Here is testimony to man's vision and to manls courage., The journey of the astronauts is more than a technical achievement; it is a reaching-out of the human spirit. It lifts our sights; it demonstrates that magnificent conceptions can be made real. They inspire us and at the same time they teach us true humility. What could bring home to us more the limitations of the human scale than the hauntingly beautit? ful picture of our earth seen from the moon?

...

President Richard M. Nlxon June 4, 1969

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ETCHED ON AFOLLO 11 D I S C

THE U N I T E D STATES HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
John "W. McCormack., S p e a k e r
Carl A l b e r t

Hale Boggs

G e r a l d R . Ford L e s l i e C. Arends
; t ron a u t ics Corm1t tt? e on S c i eri ce and A :

George P . M i l l e r . , C h a i r m a n O l i n E . 'reague Joseph E . K a r t h Ken Hechler E m i l i o Q. D a d d a r i o J o h n W . Davis Thomas. N . Downing J o e D . Waggonner, Jr. Don Fuqua George. E . Brown, < J r . Earle C a h e l l Bertram L . P o d e l l Wayne N . A s p i n a l l Roy A . T a y l o r Henry lie 1.5 t o s l t l Mario U i a g g i James W . Symlngton Edward I . Koch

James G . F u l t o n C h a r L C ~ S A . Mosher R i c h a r d L . Roudebush Alphonzo B e l l Thomas M . P e l l y J o h n W. W y d l e r Guy l a n d e r Jagt L a r r y Winn, J r . Jerry L. P e t t i s Donald E . Lukens Robert P r i c e L o w e l l P . Weicker, Jr.

L o u i s Frey , J r .

Eal-ry Goldwater,

Jr .

Cornmi t t e e o n- __ A L Ir ~ o~ p r i a t i ons

George 11. IYidion, C h a i rniati

Frank ' I ' .

How

Subconurii t t e e O II Ttldcpe!ldt>rit -__-Of f i c e s and Ucpartment o f Ifouc; i ny arid Ilrba3n Development J o e L. E v i n s , Chairlnan Boland George E . S h i p l e 3 R o b e r t N . Gi.aimo John 0. Marsh, J r . L)avj d 1 : . ['ry:)r
Edward P .

Ct;ar*les E . J o n a s Louis C . Wyman P.ur't L . T a l c n t t J o s e p h M . McT'.-. ucLde

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ETCHED ON APOLLO 11 DISC

THE UNITEIj STATES SENATE
, S p i r o T, Agnew P r e s i d e n t o f t h e Senate

R i c h a r d B . R u s s e l l , P r e s i d e n t p r o tempore E v e r e t t McKinley Dirksen Michael J . M a n s f i e l d Hugh S c o t t E d w a r d M. Kennedy Committee on A e r o n a u t i c a l and Space S c i e n c e s C l i n t o n P . Anderson, Chairman R i c h a r d B. R u s s e l l Warren G . Magnuson S t u a r t Symington John S t e n n i s Stephen M. Young Thomas J . Dodd Howard W. Cannon S p e s s a r d L. Holland Margaret Chase Smith Carl T. C u r t i s Mark 0 . H a t f i e l d B a r r y Goldwater C h a r l e s McC. Mathias, Jr. William B. Saxbe

Committee on A p p r o p r i a t i o n s R i c h a r d B . R u s s e l l , Chairman Milton R . Young

Subcommittee on Independent O f f i c e s and Department of Housing and Urban Development John 0. P a s t o r e , Chairman Warren G . Magnuson Allen J . Ellender R i c h a r d B. R u s s e l l Spesssard L. Holland John S t e n n i s Michael J . M a n s f i e l d Gordon A l l o t t Margaret Chase Smith Roman L. Hruska Norris Cotton C l i f f o r d P . Case

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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION OFFICIALS

T. K e i t h Glennan
Hugh L . Dryden James E . .Webb
.,

A d m i n i s t r a t o r 1958-1961 Deputy A d m i n i s t r a t o r 1958-1965 A d m i n i s t r a t o r 1961-1968 Deputy A d m i n i s t r a t o r 1966-1967

Robert C . Seamans, Jr.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Thomas 0 . Paine Homer E . Newel1 W i l l i s H . Shapley George E . Mueller John E.. Naugle Bruce T. Lundin
Gerald M.

Administrator Associate Administrator A s s o c i a t e Deputy A d m i n i s t r a t o r Associate Administrator f o r Manned Space F l i g h t A s s o c i a t e A d m i n i s t r a t o r f o r Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s A s s o c i a t e A d m i n i s t r a t o r f o r Advanced , R e s e a r c h a n d Technology ( A c t i n g ) A s s o c i a t e A d m i n i s t r a t o r for T r a c k i n g and Data A c q u i s i t i o n Apollo Program I j i r e c t o r D i r e c t o r , Manned S p a c e c r a f t C e n t e r D i r e c t o r , George C . M a r s h a i l Space F l i g h t Center D i r e c t o r , Kennedy Space C e n t e r D i r e c t o r , Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r Picltering E r e c t o r , J e t P r o p u l s i o n Laboratory D i r e c t o r , Wallops S t a t i o n D i r e c t o r , Langley Research Center D i r e c t o r , L e w i s Research Center

Truszynski

L t . Gen. Samuel C . P h i l l i p s

Robert R . G i l r u t h Wernher von Braun Kurt H. Debus John F . C l a r k
D r . W i l l i a m H.

Robert L. Krieger Edgar M. Cortright

Abe S i l v e r s t e i n

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Hans M.

Mark

D i r e c t o r , A m e s Research C e n t e r D i r e c t o r , E l e c t r o n i c s Research C e n t e r

James C . E l m s
P a u l F. B i k l e

Pi re c t or

F l i g h t R e s ear ch Cent e r

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N A T I O N S REPRESENTED BY GOODWILL MESSAGES ON APOLLO 1 1 DISC

Afghani s t a n Argentina Australia

Jamaica J ap an

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Belgium Brazil

***
Kenya Korea

Senegal S i e r r a Leone South Africa Swaziland

***
Thailand Togo T r i n i d a d and Tobago Tunisia Turkey

***
Canada
Chad

***
Laos* Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia

Chile China

***
United Kingdom Upper V o l t a Uruguay

Colombia Congo Costa Rica
Cyprus

***
Malagasy * Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritius Mexico Morocco'

***
V i e t Nam Vatican

***
Dahomey Denmark Dominican Republic
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***
Yugoslavia

***
detherlands Nicaragua N e w Zealand Norway

***
Zambia

Ecuador Estonia Ethiopia

***
Ghana Greece Guyana

***
Paki s t an Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal

*

Messages from t h e s e n a t i o n s w i l l b e found on t h e l a s t page of t h i s release.

***
Iceland India * Iran Ireland

***
Romania

Israel
Italy I v o r y Coast

A S A T e x t s o f t h e messages w i l l b e a v a i l a b l e i n t h e N e w s Room, N H e a d q u a r t e r s , Washington and a t t h e N e w s C e n t e r s a t Kennedy Space C e n t e r , F l a . , The Manned S p a c e c r a f t C e n t e r , Houston, t h e Foreign C o r r e s p o n d e n t s ' C e n t e r , New York C i t y .
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Following are translations of goodwill messages from heads of state which will be deposited on the lunar surface during the Apollo 11 mission. Afghanistan "The Afghan people join me in most warmly congratulating the American people, particularly the intrepid astronauts and all those who have played a role in this historic and incredible journey. The Afghan people express the hope that the expanded knowledge man now has of his universe will be used wisely in the cause of peace on earth and for the betterment of the condition of mankind. '' Mohammad Zahir King of Afghanistan

* * *
Argentina

"In the name of the Government and people of Argentina I have the honor t o wish you the very best for the success of the @ $ -- $ I # $ exploit that the brave crew of the Apollo XI is going to great utidertake. The effort and the risks thzt this extraordinary scientific enterprise demands open unlimited possibilities f o r the creative ability of the human spirit and it will constitute without any doubts an incentive that will commit all people in order to make a better and finer world. I present, M r . President, my highest consideration to you."
Juan Carlos Ongania President

* * *
Australia "Australians are pleased and proud to have played a part in helping to make it possible for the first man from earth to land on the moon. This is a dramatic fulfillment of man's urge to go 'always a little further'; to explore and know the formerly unknown; to strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield. May the high courage and the technical genius which made this achievement possible be so used in the future thaL mankind will live in a universe in which peace, self expression, and the chance of dangerous adventure are available to all. John Gorton Prime Minister -more-

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-13Belgium

. . .

"Now that, for the very first time, men will land on the moon, we consider this memorable event with wonder and respect. We feel admiration and confidence toward all those who have cooperated in this performance, and especially towards the three courageous men who take with them our hopes, as well as those, from all"nations, who were their forerunners or who will follow them in space. With awe we consider the power with which man has been entrusted and the duties which devolve on him. We are deeply conscious of o u r responsibility with respect to the tasks which may be open to us in the uiiverse, but also to those which remain to be fulfilled on this earth, so to bring more justice and more happiness to mankind. May God help us t o realize with this new step in world history better understanding between nations and a closer brotherhood between men. '' Baudouin King of the Belgians

* * *
Erazil

"In rejoicing together with the government and the people of the United States of America for the event of the century, I pray God that this brilliant achievement of science remain always at the service of peace and of mankind."
Arthur Da Costa E Silva President

* * *
Canada "Man has reached out and touched the tranquil moon. Puisse ce haut fait permettre a l'homme de redecouvrir la terre et d'y trouver la paix. (May that high accomplishment allow man to rediscover the Earth and find peace.)" Pierre Elliott-Trudeau Prime Minister -more.__
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-14Chad "Let this important step in the cosmic conquest remain for generation to come a mark of an epoch of fellowship and of,universal peace. These are the earnest wishes of the Chadian people and of its government." Prancois Tombalbaye President

* * *
Chile "May the men of our planet take to the moon a message of peace and good will from this place on the Earth that is Chile." Eduardo Prei President

* * *
China "It is our sincere desire that the astronauts, upon the date-of their landing on the moon, will have made a significant contpikution tu a xzlrld c t s p i z z.cd ~ e 2 , c ethr01-1gh the universe. I1 Chiang Kai-Shek President, iiepublic of China

* * *
Colombia

"As you prepare to undertake one of the most extraordinary feats in history, I wish to send you on behalf of the people and the Government of Colombia, a warm greeting with our wishes for the complete success of your mission. I a l s o want t o express the admiration of all Colombians for your personal heroism, for the scientists and technicians that have contributed their knowledge to this enterprise and for the great North American nation whose support has made possible a project that only yesterday appeared to be unfeasible,
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"Please leave on the moon along with the other objects that will bear witness of man's first arrival to our satellite, this message, as a symbol of friendship between Colombia and the United States. "You will descend upon the moon on our national holiday, when we observe the 159th anniversary of our independence. We, in Colombia, will be honoring the memory of the patriots that changed the course of our history on the same day when you will be writing an immortal page in the annals of mankind." Carlos Lleras Restrepo President
* * I

Congo "The government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo follows with constant attention the achievements of human genius in the conquest of space in order t o make man its master. The Congolese people, its party, its government, and myself express our ardent wish to see Apollo 11 successfully accomplish the mission which is our own. May these victories which have c o s t man so much energy and sacrifice contribute to the reinforcement of cooperation among peoples and serve peace for the greatest good of mankind. Best regards."
J . D. Mobutu

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President
* % *

Costa Rica
' ' 1 join in the wish of all Costa Ricans for the success of the historical exploit t o be carried out by Apollo 11, in that it represents the scientific and technical progress attained by rnan in his peaceful struggle for the conquest of space and in that the crew of this ship represents human valor, will, spirit. of advei2ture and inger?uity.
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"The enarmous scientific and technical effort deployed in order to take the first men to the moon deserves the gratitude of mankind because from this effort will come new benefits for improving the xell-being of the human race,.

...,. ...
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With faith we hope for better-days for all mankind if there is later added t o this successful endeavor - new determ i n a t i o n f o r j u s t i c e and liberty, as they correspond t o the respect owed each human being and in f a v o r of a m a j o r d i f f u sion of love of one's neighbor, whose efforts we can hope will be stimulated by the spirit of humility derived from a more clear and vivid.,awarenessof the minuteness of thls planet, which serves as o u r home in the cosmos.
"As representative of the Costa Rican Nation, I extend my greetings t o the heroes of Apollo 11 and t o all those who are making this historical feat possible."

J. J . Trejos Fernandez President

* * *

"Man has conquered the moon and widened his horizons. The spaceship Apollo 11 is touching down on the surface of the moon and the first human beings are setting foot on it. The landing on the moon is the culminating achievement of a great scientific effort. That which could be captured only by the boldest imagination has now become a reality. With this historic event a new era in the life of mankind begins, and further achievements,in the space world are certain t o follow. We express our admiration tc the valimt astronauts of Apol-lo 11 and t o all those whose work made the conquest of space possible. "We join in the rejoicing of the American nation who must feel very proud because their sons were the ,first humans to land on the moon." Archbishop Makarios President

* * *
Dahomey "The genius and daring of a great nation today open to mankind the secrets of a planet, which, for centuries, it has been able only to probe and to admire from a great distance, through the narrow hole of its telescopes. -more-

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-17"Today the dream has been realized. It is thanks to the talent and sacrifices of the great American nation. But it is also thanks to that which has been achieved through the ages and centuries by the knowledge, science, and technology of men, of all men. The lunar epic of the Apollo 11 astronauts thus opens in the history of mankind a new, grandiose cycle of space exploits and gives rise to great hopes. !'On this day of t-iumph and in this historic hour, I express personally, and in the name of the People of Dahomey, my wishes for Peace, Brotherhood, and Good Fortune for all mankind and for all men. May man's first steps on the moon convince those on earth to vow one day soon to employ science and technology only in the service of Peace and Progress." Doctor Emile-Derlin Zinsou President

* + *
Denmark "Denmark conveys, through the space pioneers, her warmest wishes that this spectacular landing on the moon may herald f o r all mankind a n e ? : era of peace and good will." Frederik R King of Denmark
* * r

Dominican Republic "The Dominican Teople follow with growing interest the development of the spzce exploration program being carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, which has extended the universal view of contemporary menkind.

"In view of the historic flight of Apollo 11, set for July 16, with t h e spectacular mission of landing two men on the moon, I, together with the Dominican People, am pleased to send my best wishes to NASA that this new scientific exploit will attain complete success. Space science of the United States will reach new heights in the exploration of outer space."
Joaquin Balaguer President -more-

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Ecuador

"1 express my sincere wishes f o r the success of the heroic young astronauts who, with sublime valor, will set foot on the Moon, dominating the laws of outer space and consecrating the grandeur of human understanding and goodwill. Best regards."
Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra President

* * *
Estonia "The people of Estonia join those who hope and work for freedom and a better world." Ernst Jaakson Consul General

Ethiopia "Today's successful lunar landing is a momentous occasion This marvelous feat is a proof of the gigantic strides man has made in the field of science and technologyJ We are fully confident that this great milestone in man's search for the unknown will give the American genius and the valiant American astronauts greater encouragement in their further probe of the solar system. We are hopeful that the results achieved in this regard will only be used for the welfare and well-being of mankind and the great cause of the world peace.''
f o r all mankind.

Haile Selassie I Emperor

* * *
Ghana "We pray that your historic landi'ng on the moon may usher in an era of peace and prosperity and goodwill among all men here on earth." Brigadier A. A. Afrifa, D.S.O. Chairman, National Liberation Council -more-7 ._ 7 . :

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Greece "At this historical moment, when man lands on the moon, I express on behalf of the Greek people my heartfelt congratulations to the Government of the U . S . A . and the distinguished men of the Americh nation, who led the way towards new horizons for the human race.

"I am particularly proud speaking on behalf of the Greek nation, whose ancestors had the privilege to be forerunners in the philosophical thought and scientific research, which first penetrated the universe.
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"It is a happy coincidence that the amazing program of man's flight to space, which has been so magnificently fulfilled today, bears the name of the Greek God Apollo; this symbolic name demonstrates the never ending effort of man to achieve knowledge, beyond time and place. "The difficulties, which had once broken the wings of Ikarus, are surpassed by man's persistence in his search for truth, and he is staring from the moon at the earth, whose peace and welfare should be now, more than ever, his main preoccupation. 'I George Zoitakis Lieutenant General Regent

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Guyana
"TO t h o s e coming a f t e r : W e cannot t e l l on w h a t f u t u r e d a y b e i n g s of o u r own k i n d o r perhaps from some o t h e r c o r n e r of t h e cosmos, w i l l come upon t h i s message b u t f o r those comlng a f t e r , w e wish t o r e c o r d . t h r e e th'ings:

-

e s a l u t e t h e s e a s t r o n a u t s , t h e first two of o u r First, w human race who w i t h f a i t h and courage have voyaged far beyond t h e familiar limits of o u r e a r t h l y home t o t h e Moon. It i s c e r t a i n t h a t t h e i r m i s s i o n u s h e r s i n t h e greatest a d v e n t u r e of l i f e s i n c e i t s p r i m a e v a l b e g i n n i n g s on t h i s p l a n e t , E a r t h .
Second, as members of o u r human race t h u s t h r u s t among t h e s t a r s , w e pledge o u r s e l v e s t o work towards e n s u r i n g t h a t t h e technology which has made i t p o s s i b l e and t h e r e s o u r c e s which may b e d i s c o v e r e d w i l l b e used f o r t h e b e n e f i t of a l l mankind i r r e s p e c t i v e of t e p r e s t r l a l d i v i s i o n s of race o r creed o r l e v e l s of development.
T h i r d and f i n a l l y , w e wish t o s e t down t h e f a c t s a b o u t t h e people f o r whom I s p e a k . W e are a small n a t i o n of some 700,000 s o u l s l i v i n g on t h e s h o u l d e r o f South America i n a c o u n t r y some 83,000 s q u a r e miles i n area. Our a n c e s t o r s came from n e a r l y e v e r y c o r n e r of t h e p l a n e t E a r t h and o u r peQple today profess a v a r i e t y of creeds and of ways of l i v i n g . But i n a world i n which d i v i s i o n s deepen and where t o o o f t e n one man's hand 1 s s e t a g a i n s t h i s b r o t h e r , w e are proud t h a t w e have g i v e n t o o u r t i m e an example of how out of d i v e r s i t y w e have made one p e o p l e , Giie nation w i t h one d e s t i n y .

-

I n working o u t t h i s d e s t i n y , w e have developed I n s t i t u t i o n s based on t h e r e c o g n i t i o n of t h e e q u a l i t y of a l l men, forms of government i n which a l l can p a r t i c i p a t e and a system of j u s t i c e w h i c h p r o t e c t s t h e weak. With t h e h e l p of f r i e n d l y n a t i o n s , and

working together, w e are embarked on t h e c h a l l e n g i n g task of a b o l i s h i n g disease and p o v e r t y from o u r m i d s t , and of d e v e l o p i n g o u r economy s o t h a t i t can s u p p o r t a worthy l e v e l o f l i v i n g f o r e h a v e , l i k e w i s e , s t r i v e n hard t o e n s u r e t h a t merl o u r people. W everywhere are f r e e t o determine t h e i r own way of l i f e .
W e do n o t know what s h a l l b e t h e judgment of h i s t o r y b u t w e would be w e l l pleased i f on some l a t e r day when t h i s is read,

i t is s a i d of us t h a t w e s t r o v e g r e a t l y t o advance t h e d i g n i t y
of a l l men."
1

Linden Forbes Sampson Burnham Prime Minister

?more-

' I . !

. .

-21-

Iceland

"The p e o p l e of I c e l a n d convey t h e i r g r e e t i n g s by Apollo 1 1
and w i s h t h e a s t r o n a u t s good f o r t u n e on t h e i r h i s t o r i c voyage.

May t h e great achievements of s p a c e r e s e a r c h i n a u g u r a t e an e r a of peace and h a p p i n e s s f o r a l l mankind."
' /

Kristjan Eldjarn President

*+*
Iran
"On t h i s o c c a s i o n when Mr. N e i l Armstrong and Colonel Edwin A l d r i n s e t f o o t f o r t h e f i r s t t i m e on t h e s u r f a c e of t h e Moon from t h e E a r t h , w e pray t h e Almighty God t o guide mankind towards e v e r i n c r e a s i n g s u c c e s s i n t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t o f peace and t h e p r o g r e s s of c u l t u r e , knowledge and human c i v i l i z a t i o n . Mohammad Reza P a h l a v i Aryamehr Shahanshah

***

"May God g r a n t t h a t t h e s k i l l and courage which have e n a b l e d man t o a l i g h t upon t h e Moon w i l l e n a b l e h i m , a l s o , t o s e c u r e peace and h a p p i n e s s upon t h e E a r t h and avoid t h e danger of se I f -des t r u c t i o n I'

.

Eamon de Valera President

*+*
Israel

"From t h e P r e s i d e n t of I s r a e l i n Jerusalem w i t h hope for 'abundance of peace s o l o n g as t h e Moon e n d u r e t h ' (Psalms 72,7)."

Z a l m a n Shazar

-more..
._ _ - - L . . .
.I

3-

L ,

Italy
"The courage and t h e t e c h n o l o g y of t h e United S t a t e s of America have brought t o o u r s a t e l l i t e t h i s message of t h e Head

of t h e I t a l i a n Nation which p r i d e s i t s e l f t o number amongst i t s s o n s G a l i l e o G a l i l e i , whose g e n i u s paved t h e ways f o r modern
science. The c6nquest of t h e Moon i s a g l o r i o u s m i l e s t o n e a l o n g t h e r o a d of a l l mankind-towards t h e achievement of peace, freedom and j u s t i c e . " Guiseppe S a r g e t President

***
I v o r y Coast
" A t t h e moment when m a n ' s

o l d e s t dream i s becomhg a r e a l i t y ,

I a m v e r y t h a n k f u l f o r NASA's k i n d a t t e n t i o n i n o f f e r i n g m e t h e s e r v i c e s of t h e f i r s t human messenger t o s e t f o o t on t h e Moon and c a r r y t h e words of t h e I v o r y Coast.

I would hope that when t h i s p a s s e n g e r from t h e s k y l e a v e s man's i m p r i n t on l u n a r s o i l , he w i l l f e e l how proud we a r e t o b e l o n g t o t h e g e n e r a t i o n which h a s accomplished t h i s f e a t .

I hope a l s o t h a t he would t e l l t h e Moon how b e a u t i f u l i t i s when i t i l l u m i n a t e s t h e n i g h t s o f t h e Ivory Coast.
I e s p e c i a l l y w i s h t h a t he would t u r n towards o u r p l a n e t E a r t h and cry o u t how i n s i g n i f i c a n t t h e problems which t o r t u r e men a r e , when viewed from up t h e r e .

May h i s word, d e s c e n d i n g from t h e s k y , f i n d i n t h e Cosmos t h e f o r c e and l i g h t which w i l l p e r m i t h i m t o convince humanity of t h e b e a u t y of p r o g r e s s i n b r o t h e r h o o d and p e a c e . "

F e l i x Houphoue t-Boigny President

***
Jamaica
"May H e whose g l o r y t h e heavens d e c l a r e g r a n t t h a t mankind may grow i n t h e knowledge of H i s p u r p o s e s as w e probe i n t o t h e s e c r e t s of H i s u n i v e r s e . "

Hugh Lawson S h e a r e r Prime Minister -more, .

" I n c o n g r a t u l a t i o n of t h e o u s t a n d i n g achievement of humanity's a r r i v a l on t h e Moon. " Eisaku Sat0 Prime Minister

***
Kenya "On b e h a l f of all t h e p e o p l e of Kenya, I c o n g r a t u l a t e t h e p e o p l e of America f o r a c c o m p l i s h i n g a r r i v a l on t h e Moon. I t i s a very i n s p i r i n g e v e n t for a l l mankind t h a t w e have been a b l e t o r e a c h t h e Moon. It i s c l e a r t h a t w e a l l are b r o t h e r s here on E a r t h and t h a t i s o u r o b l i g a t i o n t o c o o p e r a t e t o g e t h e r i n a l l endeavors. P r e s i d e n t Kenyat t a
**i

Korea "The l a n d i n g on t h e Moon by 'Apollo 1 1 i s a b r i l l i a n t feat of a l l mankind which makes men's dreams a r e a l i t y and marks a new c h a p t e r o f human h i s t o r y . This g r e a t achievement i s a r e s u l t of man's c o n s t a n t s t r i v i n g f o r p r o g r e s s towards a b r i g h t e r d e s t i n y . Now, r e a l i z a t i o n of man's a d v e n t u r e i n t o y e t f u r t h e r reaches o f space seems b u t a f e w s t e p s away. On t h i s h i s t o r i c o c c a s i o n , w e do solemnly pledge o u r s e l v e s t o work t o g e t h e r on t h i s E a r t h f o r t h e b e t t e r world w i t h l a s t i n g peace and p r o s p e r i t y f o r a l l mankind. L e t us c e l e b r a t e t h e f i r s t l a n d i n g o f men on t h e Moon, t h e symbol o f e t e r n a l g r a c e and t h e m i r r o r of man's t r u e h e a r t , w i t h a new s p i r i t which w i l l i n s p i r e mankind t o r e a l i z e t h e i d e a l of c i v i l i z a t i o n i n which men l i v e i n j u s t i c e , freedom, and u n i t y . " Park Chung Hee President

+**

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-24-

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Latvia "On b e h a l f o f t h e L a t v i a n n a t i o n I s a l u t e t h e f i r s t men on t h e Moon and p r a y f o r t h e i r safe r e t u r n .
"May t h e i r achievement c o n t r i b u t e t o world p e a c e and r e s t o r a t i o n - o f freedom to a l l n a t i o n s . "
A.
% * *

Dinbergs Counselor

L e b an on
" A s a f i n a l r e s u l t o f t h e combined e f f o r t s o f s c i e n c e .and t e c h n o l o g y a n d a l l t o the honor o f i t s i n i t i a t o r s , man i s r e a c h i n g t h e Moon and i s s e t t i n g f o o t on i t f o r t h e f i r s t time. A t t h i s g l o r i o u s moment when man i s f r e e d from t h e p h y s i c a l c o n s t r a i n t s of t h e human c o n d i t i o n , Lebanon adds h e r l i v i n g t e s t i n o i : i a l as a l a n d of e n c o u n t e r and o f c o e x i s t e n c e o f many s p i r i t u a l f a x i l i e s to r z a f f i r m h e r f a i t h i n t h e advancement of man through t h e v i r t u e s o f p e a c e , j u s t i c e and o f
liberty

."

C h a r l e s Helou

President
% * *

Lesotho
"The governntent and p e o p l e o f L e s o t h o wish t h e government and p e o p l e of t h e United S t a t e s o f America e v e r y s u c c e s s i n t h e i r a t t e m p t to l a n d t h e f i r s t human b e i n g on t h e moon. Our s i n c e r e w a r m w i s h e s f o r a s a f e j o u r n e y t o and from t h e moon t o Apollo 1 1 A s t r o n a u t s .I'

Leabua J o n a t h a n P r i m e Minister
% * *

Liberia

"It i s e x t r a o r d i n a r y , almost i n c r e d i b l e t h a t what was b u t an i d e a , even a l i t t l e o v e r a decade ago, seems now a n a t t a i n a b l e r e a l i t y . Man's i m a g i n a t i o n , i n g e n u i t y and t e c h n o l o g y have n o t o n l y i m p e l l e d h i m t o l o o k up b u t has a l s o e n a b l e d him t o reach t h e celestial bodies.

-more-

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-25-

((The j o u r n e y t o t h e Moon w h i c h t h e s e t h r e e Americans, Commander N e i l Armstrong, C o l o n e l Edwin E. A l d r i n , Jr., and L t . C o l o n e l Michael C o l l i n s have s u c c e s s f u l l y u n d e r t a k e n i s a voyage t o t h e c e l e s t i a l and t h e s e messengers of d i s c o v e r y

r e p r e s e n t t h e p e o p l e of e v e r y c o u n t r y .

" W e s a l u t e t h e s e e x p l o r e r s of o u t e r s p a c e and p r a y f o r
t h e i r s e c u r i t y and s a f e t y w h i l e w e admire t h e i r c o u r a g e and

intrepidity.
"I ask them to bear t h i s message t o t h e i n h a b i t a n t s o f t h e Moon i f t h e y f i n d any t h e r e . I f t h e y do n o t , i t i s m y d e s i r e t h a t t h i s message b e one of g r e e t i n g s f r o m t h e p e o p l e of L i b e r i a and myself t o t h e Moon, Nebulous s a t e l l i t e of t h e E a r t h ''

.

W. V. S. Tubman President

* * *
Malaysia
" The p e o p l e of Malaysia j o i n t h e r e s t o f t h e world t o d a y i n c o n g r a t u l a t i n g t h e Government and p e o p l e of t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s of America on t h e s u c c e s s of t h e Apollo 1 1 m i s s i o n t o land man f o r t h e f i r s t t i m e on t h e moon. May t h e knowledge g a i n e d i n t h e e f f o r t s to f u l f i l l . t h i s h i s t o r i c m i s s i o n add t o t n e wisdom of mankind i n o u r s e a r c h for g r e a t e r peace and p r o s p e r i t y . "

*

%

*

Maldives
" T h i s message of peace and g o o d w i l l from t h e p e o p l e of Maldives came w i t h t h e f i r s t men from p l a n e t E a r t h t o s e t f o o t on t h e Moon."
% * *

Mali
" I n t h e name of t h e P e c p l e and t h e Government of t h e R e p u b l i c of Mali, I w i s h t o ex2ress my warmest r e s p e c t t o a l l t h o s e who b y t h e i r i n t e l l i g e n c e and b y t h e i r courage have p e r m i t t e d man t o l a n d on t h e Moon, t h u s opening t o humanity a new h o r i z o n f u l l o f promise.

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-26-

"Our People and our Governinent hope that this historic
step in the march towards progress will contribute essentially

to the reinforcement of peace, to the bringing together of
a l l men and to the liquidation of misery on our planet."

Lieutenant Moussa TRAORE Chief of State

* * *
Malta "On this unique and historic occasion when man first set foot on a planet-outside his own, the people of Malta join the rest of the world in saluting the men whose courage and dedication, backed by the untiring efforts of scientists and countless collaborators, have made possible t h i s new conquest in space and in the same way as Nalta has advocated peace below the waters of the world she fervently ppays that peace shall continue to reign in the vastness of space beyond it." Giorgio Borg O l i v i e r Prime Minister

* * *
Mauritius "Your b o l d veriture commands admiration of government and people of MauritiL,: :<ish you fed's speed and happy perfect landing. Safe retarn." Seewoosagar Ramgoolam Prime Minister

Rexico "It is an honor for Mexico, with this most modest symbolic testimony, to form part of the event which f o r the first time takes man to a soil away from his home planet. And, in doing s o , Mexico extends most enthusiastic congratulations to the dedicated, gallant astronauts and to the scientists and technicians, as well as, in a broader sense, to the American people and their Government for this undertaking that, hitherto, only had precedents in the realm of imagination.

- more -

-27-

"Mexico's very own emblem-its traditional seal-with the eagle and the serpent, already embodies the double sign inspiring man since his remote origins and which in a particular manner may be equated to coming humanity: the serpent is a sign of Earth and of all that holds us here; the eagle represents flight, undaunted and far-seeing, a fearless pilgrimage dhich makes it possible for the legacy of the centuries to reach ever increasing circling horizons, Far from being contradictory to each other, both images are complementary and placed together reflect our temporal, earthly, nature and the visions which nurture all progress.

"In 1492, the discovery of the American Continent transformed geography and the course of human events. Today, conquest of ultraterrestrialspace-with its attendant unknownsrecreates our perspectives and enhances our paradigms.
nMexico, while expressing its hope that this human accomplishment will result in good for mankind and that all the peoples on Earth will participate in its fulfillment with clear conscience of their common destiny, for the development of this new stage, offers not a power nor richness it does not possess byt the moral heritage decanted from its own history: an unquenchable thirst for material and spiritual improvement and an unyielding faith in the supremacy of reason and justice as a way and an inspiration for human conduct which now has attained a new far reaching responsibility." President

,

* * *
Morocco "His Majesty King Hassan 11 and the people of Morocco wish to join the other nations of the world in saluting the courage of the first men to set foot on the Moon in the spirit of peace for all mankind. May this spirit of peace pervade the Earth and the advancement of science enrich the great brotherhood of men, 'I

- more

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The N e t h e r l a n d s

it

"1 have g r e a t a d m i r a t i o n for t h e skill and p e r s e v e r a n c e

o f a l l t h o s e who have c o n t r i b u t e d t o make t h e f i r s t manned
f l i g h t t o t h e Moon p o s s i b l e . I hope t h a t t h i s achievement w i l l prove of g r e a t b e n e f i t f o r t h e f u t u r e o f mankind."

J,uliana R .
-

***
Nicaragua

"The a r r i v a l f o r peace and f o r t h e E a r t h and t h e triumph of m a n i n of t h e C r e a t o r .

o f man on t h e moon w i l l b e o f great consequence t h e s c i e n t i f i c i n v e s t i g a t i o n of t h e o r i g i n of S o l a r System. This e x t r a o r d i n a r y e v e n t and t h i s t h e a p p l i c a t i o n of s c i e n c e i n s p i r e s u s t o t h i n k

" T h e People o f Nicaragua e x p r e s s t h e i r most f e r v e n t w i s h e s for e ,~le 's u c c e s s of t h e f l i g h t of Apollo 1 1 and show t h e i r s i n c e r e m d profound r e c o g n i t i o n of t h e People and government of t h e l i i i i t e d S t a t e s of America and A s t r o n a u t s N e i l Armstrong, Edwin E . A l d r i n , and Miciia.el C o l l i n s , who, by t h e i r e f f o r t s w i l l make p o s s i b l e t h e conquest o f t h e Moon."
A.

Somoza

***
N e w Zealand
"By t h i s f l i g h t man has f i n a l l y f u l f i l l e d t h e g r e a t a m b i t i o n of s e t t i n g f o o t on a n o t h e r c e l e s t i a l body. A s P r i m e M i n i s t e r o f N e w Zealand I hope t h a t t h e r e a l i z a t i o n o f t h i s dream -- s o l o n g remote -- w i l l i n s p i r e a l l t h o s e who s e t t h e i r s i g h t s h i g h and

t h u s b r i n g c l o s e r t h e dreams w e s h a r e of peace and c o o p e r a t i o n f o r a l l mankind."
K e i t h J . Holyoake

***
Norway
"I e x p r e s s my b e s t w i s h e s f o r t h e A s t r o n a u t s c a r r y i n g o u t 1 m i s s i o n and f o r t h e s u c c e s s of t h i s h i s t o r i c s p a c e t h e Apollo 1 journey .

Olav R . -more-

-29Pakistan

" G r e e t i n g s and f e l i c i t a t i o n s A s t r o n a u t s who b l a z e d a new t r a i l Moon. May t h e i r h i g h v e n t u r e and e r a o f p e a c e and p r o g r e s s f o r t h e

from P a k i s t a n to t h e American

f o r mankind by l a n d i n g on t h e
p i o n e e r i n g c o u r a g e open a new human race."

Yahya Khan President
A . M.

***
Panama
" A l l n a t i o n s o f t h e E a r t h , s m a l l and l a r g e , s h a r e t h e w i s h t h a t t h e a r r i v a l of t h e f i r s t n e n on t h e Moon w i l l b e a permanent message o f p e a c e . Panama i s among t h e f i r s t t o make t h i s f e r v e n t w i s h o f mankind i t s own."

Colonel B o l i v a r U r r u t i a P . President

***
Peru "The Government and t h e p e o p l e o f Peru j o i n i n s p i r i t t h e a s t r o n a u t s of Apollo 11 i n t h e i r e x t r a o r d i n a r y t r i p t o t h e Moon and e x p r e s s t h e i r f e r v e n t w i s h t h a t t h e immense p o s s i b i l i t i e s of t h e human s p i r i t which have conquered s p a c e may b e e q u a l l y c a p a b l e o f i n s u r i n g among t h e N a t i o n s of t h e E a r t h an ere. o f p e a c e and j u s t i c e . If G e n e r a l Juan Velasco Alvarado President

***
Philippines
"The age-old dream of man to c u t h i s bonds t o P l a n e t E a r t h and reach f o r t h e s t a r s has g i v e n h i m n o t o n l y wings, b u t a l s o t h e i n t e l l e c t and t h e i n t r e p i d s p i r i t which had e n a b l e d him t o overcome f o r m i d a b l e b a r r i e r s and accomplish e x t r a o r d i n a r y f e a t s i n t h e e x p l o r a t i o n of t h e unknown, c u l m i n a t i n g i n t h i s e p o c h a l l a n d i n g on t h e Moon."

-more-

-30P h i l i p p i n e s Can't "The F i l i p i n o p e o p l e j o i n t h e world i n c o n g r a t u l a t i n g t h e United States of America f o r p u t t i n g t h e f i r s t men on t h e Moon, a t r i u m p h a n t m i l e s t o n e i n t h e conquest of space which a u g u r s greater achievements i n t h e broadening o f man's v i s i o n and t h e f u l f i l l m e n t of a larger d e s t i n y , w i t h i n t h e framework of t r u e human b r o t h e r h o o d and an e n d u r i n g peace ''

.

Ferdinand Marcos President

***
Poland "Although w e are n o t s u g g e s t i n g any message from t h e Polish Head of S t a t e , p l e a s e b e a s s u r e d t h a t t h e achievements of t h e U.S. a s t r o n a u t s are followed by u s w i t h great i n t e r e s t , apprec i a t i o n ' a n d b e s t wishes f o r ' t h e s u c c e s s i n t h e i r endeavor." Sincerely, J o r z y Michalowski Ambassador

***
Portugal
"The Portuguese p e o p l e , d i s c o v e r e r s of t h e unknown E a r t h i n c e n t u r i e s pa.st, know how t o admire t h o s e who i n o u r days e x p l o r e o u t e r s p a c e b r i n g i n g mankind i n c o n t a c t w i t h o t h e r w o r l d s . '*

Americo Deus Rodrigues Thomaz President

++*
Romania "May t h e f i r s t d i r e c t c o n t a c t of man w i t h t h e Moon c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e f u l f i l l m e n t of t h e a s p i r a t i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s and peace of a l l p e o p l e on E a r t h . " N i c o l a e Ceausescu President -more-

c

-31Senegal

-

.

" T h i s i s a message f r o m b l a c k m i l i t a n t s . It i s a message of human s o l i d a r i t y , a message of peace. I n this f i r s t Visit t o t h e Moon, r a t h e r t h a n a v i c t o r y of technology we s a l u t e a ' v i c t o r y o f human w i l l : research and p r o g r e s s , b u t also b r o t h e r h o o d . If

Leopold S e d a r Senghor President

***
S i e r r a Leone
"I send t h e Apollo 1 1 a s t r o n a u t s v e r y b e s t wishes f o r a s u c c e s s f u l l a n d i n g on t h e Moon: one o f t h e g r e a t e s t achievements and t r i u m p h s of man. T h e i r t a s k s in c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h i s g r e a t e v e n t are e x t r e m e l y complex and d i f f i c u l t . But a s u c c e s s f u l completion of t h i s assignment will b e r e c o r d e d as a remarkable landmark i n t h e development o f mankind and a v i c t o r y o v e r t h e forces of n a t u r e . W e w i s h t h e m a p l e a s a n t and s u c c e s s f u l j o x r n e y and a s a f e r e t u r n home."

S i a k a P. S t e v e n s P r i m e Minister

***
South A f r i c a
..

" N o huna:? b e i n g can b e unmoved b y t h e p r o s p e c t u n v e i l e d , a t t h i s n i s t w i c moment i n t i n e , o f man's f i r s t l a n d i n g on t h e Moon. Thus m s n r>eaches o u t beyond t h e c o n f i n e s of h i s own p l a n e t , i n an e n t e r p r i s e i n which t h e U n i t e d States o f America and i t s h e r o i c a s t r o n a u t s have opened a new dimension t o human e x p e r i e n c e . I a m proud o f S o u t h A f r i c a ' s a s s o c i a t i o n from t h e o u t s e t w i t h NASA's s p a c e program. On b e h a l f o f t h e Government and a l l t h e p e o p l e s of t h e R e p u b l i c of South A f r i c a , I s a l u t e t h i s manif e s t a t i o n of human courage and e n t e r p r i s e and e x p r e s s h e a r t f e l t w i s h e s and o w p r a y e r s t o t h e Almighty f o r t h e s u c c e s s o f t h i s climactic prcject.

Johannes Jacobus Fouche President

-more-

?

-32-

c

Swaziland

"Man s t e p s upon t h e Moon w i t h p r i d e , f a i t h and hope as h i s i n s p i r a t i o n and peace w i t h p r o g r e s s as h i s o b j e c t i v e . "
H. M.
*ti

King Sobhuza I1

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-33THAILAND

"The Thai p e o p l e r e j o i c e i n and s u p p o r t t h i s h i s t o r i c achievement of E a r t h men, as a s t e p towards U n i v e r s a l peace."

* * *
TOGO

"General E t i e n n e Eyadema, P r e s i d e n t of t h e R e p u b l i c of Togo, i n t h e name of t h e p e o p l e o f T o g o , participates w i t h t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s of A m e r i c a and w i t h o t h e r n a t i o n s of t h e E a r t h i n sending t o t h e Moon a w i s h f o r Peace, U n i v e r s a l Peace, Unique and I n d i v l s i b l e . F o r ana by t h e o r d e r of t h e P r e s i d e n t of t h e Republic."

* * *
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

"The Government and p e o p l e of T r i n i d a d and Tobago acclaim t h i s h i s t o r i c triumph of science and t h e human w i l l . It is our earnest hope f o r inankind that w h i l e w e gain t h e moon, w e shall n o t l o s e t h e world."

Eric Williams Prime Minister

TUNISIA
"A new p g e i n t h e h i s t o r y of t h e Universe begins today: that of man's conquest of t h e mo3n. The human e p i c i s e n r i c h e d by great s c i e n t i f i c prowess and a new h o r i z o n i s opened t o t h e

i n h a b i t a n t s of

OUT

p l a n e t t h a n k s , particularly, t o t h e s u c c e s s

of t h e American t e c h n i c i a n s and a s t r o n a u t s .
"1 hope that t h i s date, memorable t o a l l , s i g n i f i e s a n era o f peace and a c c o r d among a l l men, a l l i e d t o s t r i v e f o r

t h e triumph of t h e p e a c e f u l and c r e a t i v e mind of humanity."
Habib Bourguiba

President

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TURKEY
" I c o n s i d e r t h e l a n d i n g of men on t h e moon as a s i g n of t h e b e g i n n i n g of a new era of which we could h a r d l y dream u n t i l now.

" S i n c e t h e s t a r t of t h e s p a c e e x p l o r a t i o n s , t h e T u r k i s h n a t i o n h a s most a r d e n t l y wished t h e r e a l i z a t i o n of t h i s thousand-yea,r o l d dream and f o l l o w e d w i t h great hope and excitement every Success i n t h i s f i e l d .
I * I w i s h t o c o n g r a t u l a t e most heartily t h e heroic a s t r o n a u t s and t h e American p e o p l e , o u r f r i e n d s and a l l i e s , f o r they h a v e s p a r e d no e f f o r t i n t h i s f i e l d and a l s o t h o s e wno have c o n t r i b u t e d t o t h e achievement of t h i s o u t s t a n d i n g accomplishment from w h i c h , I a m s u r e , mankind and o u r c i v i l i z a t i o n w i l l b e n e f i t f o r p e a c e f u l purposes.

Cevdet Sunay President

* * *
UNITED KINGDOM

"On b e h a l f o f t h e B r i t i s h p e o p l e I s a l u t e t h e skill and courage which h a v e b r o u g h t man t o t h e moon. May iAis endeavour i n c r e a s e t h e knowledge and w e l l - b e i n g of mankind." E l i z a b e t h R.

* * *
UPPER VOLTA " A t a time when, t r a n s c e n d i n g t h e t e r r e s t r i a l s p h e r e and overcoming d i s t a n c e s , man i s a b o u t t o d i s p e l t h e mystery : General enveloping t h i s world by c o n q u e r i n g t h e Moon, I Sangoule Lamizana, P r e s i d e n t of t h e Republic of Upper V o l t a , i n v i t e men of t h e e n t i r e e a r t h t o u n i t e t o c e l e b r a t e t h i s v i c t o r y which d o e s n o t b e l o n g o n l y t o one c o u n t r y o r one p e o p l e b u t simply t o t h e g l o r y of a l l mankind.

"We hope w i t h a l l o u r h e a r t t h a t t h i s g r e a t e x p l o i t w h i c h

we s a l u t e w i t h r e s p e c t and a d m i r a t i o n w i l l b r i n g mankind p r o g r e s s and h a p p i n e s s i n a l l areas and that men, f e e l i n g t h e
u n i v e r s e become smaller, w i l l s t r i v e t o make t h e e a r t h become h e n c e f o r t h a common f a t h e r l a n d w h e r e t h e sons of Adam w i l l l i v e u n i t e d i n brotherhood." G e n e r a l Sangoule Lamizana President -moretr

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URUGUAY -

"The Government and t h e p e o p l e of Uruguay h a v e f o l l o w e d w i t h great i n t e r e s t t h e marvelous and c o n t i n u i n g c h r o n i c l e of
t h e c o n q u e s t of o u t e r s p a c e which w i l l c u l m i n a t e very s o o n , w i t h i n a few d a y s , w i t h t h e a r r i v a l on t h e Moon o f a manned American s p a c e s h i p .

5
I

"In o r d e r t o e x p r e s s my f e e l i n g s on t h i s m a t t e r , I w i s h t o send y o u , M r : P r e s i d e n t , my most c o r d i a l c o n g r a t u l a t i o n s on t h i s h e r o i c f e a t , which w i l l remain one of t h e most o u t s t a n d i n g achievements of o u r c e n t u r y , t h e f r u i t of c o u r a g e , t e n a c i t y , and t h e most unshakable d e s i r e t o e x c e l .
" F u t u r e g e n e r a t i o n s w i l l enjoy t h e p o s i t i v e r e s u l t s of t h i s endeavor, which w i l l b e n e f i t t h e e n t i r e u n i v e r s e . B e s t regards." J o r g e Pacheco-Areco President

i
i

1
i

* * * V A TICAN "Jahweh o u r Lord, how g r e a t your name t h r a u g h o u t t h e e a r t h , above t h e heavens i s your. majesty c h a n t e d . " B y t h e mouths of c h i l d r e n , babes i n arms, you s e t your s t r o n g h o l d f i r m agai.nst your f o e s t o subdue enemies and r e b e l s .
" 1 l o o k up a t your h e a v e n s , made by your f i n g e r s , a t t h e moon and s t a r s you s e t i n p l a c e .

it
i

I

" A h , what i s man t h a t you s h o u l d s p a r e a t h o u g h t f o r him? Or t h e s o n of man t h a t you s h o u l d c a r e for him?
' '

i
i

i

"You h a v e made him a l i t t l e l e s s t h a n a n a n g e l , you have crowned him w i t h glofly and s p l e n d o r , and you have made him l o r d o v e r t h e work of your hand. "You s e t a l l t h i n g s under h i s f e e t , sheep and oxen a l l t h e s e , y e s , w i l d animals t o o , b i r d s i n t h e a i r , f i s h i n t h e s e a t r a v e l l i n g t h e p a t h s of t h e ocean. "Jahweh o u r Lord, how g r e a t y o u r name t h r o u g h o u t t h e e a r t h ! "

I

Psalms 8

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"To t h e g l o r y of t h e name of God who g i v e s such power t o men, we a r d e n t l y p r a y f o r t h i s wonderful b e g i n n i n g . "
P a u l V I , Pope

* * *
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-36VIETNAM

" F o r many thousand years, the moon has been celebrated Today we already know that the fsce of the moon does not correspond to the imagination of ancient poets. The fact, however, that men of the earth finally set foot on the moon marks the beginning of a most beautiful adventure, because it opens broader vistas on our immense universe, and the perspectives on men's accesslbility ,to other worlds.
by the Vietnamese poets as a beautlful paradise.

"This memDrable feat should bring to mankind both a sense of pride and humility: pride, because human beings by their intelligence and perseverance are now able to get beyond this earth to which they seemed to be bound; humility, because the quarrels which divide men on the earth look s o petty in the context of our vast universe. "In this historical event, we prayerfully hope that the ingenuity and intelligence which God endows to men will lead toward increasing progress and brotherhood, and the widening of human horizom. We are, therefore, very happy that th2 first message deposited by the brave American astronauts of Apollo 11 on the moon is a message of peace for a l l mankind, and from all mankind, in which the Vietnamese people fully concur. "

H.E. Nguyen Van Thieu President

YUGOSLAVIA

"May this majestic fulfilment of the ancient dream of the human race - man's setting foot on the distant soil of the moon, the first neighbour of us all - bring closer the realization of the humanity's age-long vision to live in peace, brotherhood and joint endeavour.'' Josip B r o z Tito President

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-37ZAMBIA --

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"Zambia sends from E a r t h through E a r t h ' s t o l a n d on t h e moon - t h e i n t r e p i d a s t r o n a u t s and C o l l i n s - t h i s message o f good w i l l among t h a t t h e r e be harmony i n a l l t h e and c i t i e s :

f i r s t messengers Armstrong, A l d r i n men of a l l l a n d s c r e a t e d world."

* * *

-mor e

-

-38*India "On this unique occasion when man traverses outer space to set foot on Earth's nearest neighbour, Moon, I send my greetings and good wishes to the brave astronauts who have launched on this great venture. I fervently hope that this event will usher in an era of peaceful endeavour for all mankind. Indira Gandhi Prime Minister

* * *
*Laos
"As the representative of a people and a nation of the Earth, I feel the immeasurable pride and I share the intensely felt emotion of the American people and the American Nation in the first human contact with the lunar planet."

S R I ( H M ) Savang Vatthana

* * *
*Malagasy "In this twentieth century when for the first time man has reached the Moon, Mr. Philibert Tsiranana, President of the Malagasy Republic, and the people of Madagascar sincerely wish that the marvelous accomplishments of the knowledge and courage of man will bring the world liberty, peace and progress.
. . .

"May these accomplishments, their development and their consequences not be Cransformed into instruments of destruction but may they bring physical, intellectual and moral well-being to a l l living beings. "Such is the sincere desire of the Malagache people that they would like transmitted to the Moon by the American astronauts of A p o l l o 11. "Long live the world founded on the wisdom and knowledge that God has given to man." Philibert Tsiranana President -end+

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