Classification of Igneous Rocks

Textures: Aphanitic- crystals too small to see by eye Phaneritic- can see the constituent minerals Fine grained- < 1 mm diameter Medium grained- 1-5 mm diameter Coarse grained- 5-50 mm diameter Very coarse grained- > 50 mm diameter Porphyritic- bimodal grain size distribution Glassy- no crystals formed

Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. Prentice Hall. John Winter. and 10% Z on triangular diagrams.1a. An Introduction to Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. 20% Y. . Method #1 for plotting a point with the components: 70% X.

and 10% Z on triangular diagrams. Method #2 for plotting a point with the components: 70% X.Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. .1b. An Introduction to Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. 20% Y. John Winter. Prentice Hall.

After IUGS. . A classification of the phaneritic igneous rocks: Phaneritic rocks with more than 10% (quartz + feldspar + feldspathoids).Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2.2a.

After IUGS.2b. A classification of the phaneritic igneous rocks: Gabbroic rocks.Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. .

A classification of the phaneritic igneous rocks: Ultramafic rocks.2c.Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. . After IUGS.

. A classification and nomenclature of volcanic rocks.Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. After IUGS.3.

. After Le Maitre (2002) . Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms.4. silica.Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. A chemical classification of volcanics based on total alkalis vs. Cambridge University Press.

After Fisher (1966) Earth Sci. Classification of the pyroclastic rocks.5.. 1. 287-298. .Classification of Igneous Rocks Figure 2. Rev.