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In an organization study each and every department in an organization is observed and analyzed in detail. The study gives equal importance to every organ of an organization and projects their importance towards the organization in achieving its objectives. The study also gives an opportunity to interact with the people working in the organization. An organization study will help in having a better idea about the functions of each department in detail and the duties and responsibilities of each and every personnel in a particular department. It will also provide better picture about the organization structure and the hierarchy of various positions in the organization. The study also gives a better understanding about the history of the company and its different phases of development since its inception. It also helps in identifying and studying the various policies, procedures and programs adopted by the company. The study identifies the industry to which the organization belongs and its importance in the world, country and state. The study also throws light into the future plans of the company. It also helps in identifying and studying the various policies, procedures and programs adopted by the company. The organization study conducted as part of the curriculum so as to make the student familiar with the working of the organization. The project was intended to be an area for experiential and an opportunity for gaining knowledge about the dynamics of the organization. The study aims at providing a practical experience about the various management theories and its application in an organization’s functions. During the study it was experienced that the theoretical aspects of management and its practical applications are entirely different.
OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY:
To study the problems of an industrial unit and large scale industries in general To explore the functioning of the Coimbastore Co-operative Spinning Mill. To find out the operational efficiency of the industry. To learn the production process of an individual process of an industrial unit, and also about its scale in the market To study the labour intensiveness in the light of large scale industries To study about the effectiveness of recovery machinery
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY:
Period of the study is just three weeks so detail study of the organization could not be made The head office of the mill at Bangalore does all major activities like purchasing, marketing etc… So it is very difficult to collect some data related with study. In a given short time it is very difficult to cover all the areas and aspects of the firm.
4 CHAPTER I1 INDUSTRY PROFILE .
the employment of experts and specialize machinery for every line of product and every plant would be too costly. It can employee sophisticated and specialized machinery and expert to solve minute problems related with various aspects of production of textile goods. For instance. Industry refers to the collection pf firm which either same raw material or manufactures the same product. such a firm can afford to devote all its resources on the production of only one line product. Also.. Where as. textile goods in one plant.5 INDUSTRY PROFILE The concern industry refers to that part of business activity which concern itself with raising production. even if they used different raw materials such as textile mills. The Coimbatore co-operative spinning mill is large scale industry. Thus it can reap the advantages of specialization and division of labour. Industries are also classified as large scale and small scale industry according to the capital employed. processing or fabrication of products ordinarily the term industry is used to refer to manufacturing industries. such a firm pays lesser per . number of workers employed. if it has more line of products and more plants. Pattern of large scale industries Economies of the large firm with a single plant and single line pf product. the manufacturing industries are engaged in the conversation or transformation pf raw materials or semi-finished into finished products. For instance. Mainly. Large scale industry is defined as an industry involving capital outlay of more them Rs. materials and tools employed. The cotton textile industry is an example of manufacturing industry. These economies would include greater specialization and division of labor more use of specialized machinery and lesser per unit cost of administration. 10 Lakhs in Plant and Machinery. and finishing but these three sections have now got integrated into cotton textile industry. viz. materials and tools used and volume or value of output produced over certain periods. the cotton textile industry previously consisted of three main sections namely spinning. weaving.
Set up large sized production units and achieves the economies of scale. Textile industry: The Indian textile industry is one of the most oldest industries in the country. 2. overall economic and commercial activities. Second largest producer of cotton yarn To succeed in the big domestic environment. Focus on value addition and product differentiation 6. Spinning is the main pillars of the Textile sector. Indian textile will have to do the following 1. Adopt latest technologies to improve quality.6 unit office and administrative expenses including rent of plant. India’s Textile Industry is one of the lowest cost producers of cotton in the world. It provides direct employment to about 35 million persons including substantial segment of disadvantaged sections of the society and women. Invest in product development and product innovation 7. Increase productivity and enhance cost effectiveness 4. The Textile Industry Plays a critical role in the Indian economy. Invest in training of human resources and up gradation of worker skills . The Textile industry has a very important role to play in the industrial field. Cut lead times and meet tight delivery schedules 5. consistency and reduce cost 3. salary of staffs etc as it uses lesser space and staff for office and administrative purposes. Create flexible manufacturing capabilities 8. Textile industry is one of the largest six industries in the country with annual growth rate of15%. with regard to employment potential. Strength of the Indian Textile Sector: Second largest producer of raw cotton.
Increase productivity and enhance cost effectiveness . It provides direct employment to about 35 million persons including substantial segment of disadvantaged sections of the society and women . Textile industry is one of the largest six industries in the country with annual growth rate of15%. As govt. The Textile Industry Plays a critical role in the Indian economy. 40’s cone. Set up large sized production units and achieves the economies of scale. the company still not disappoint by its performance. overall economic and commercial activities. Large scale industry is defined as an industry involving capital outlay of more them Rs.7 Market share The main market of the product is at Mumbai. Earlier the mill was producing 20’s cone also Market performance ` The Indian textile industry is one of the oldest industries in the country. Spinning is the main pillars of the Textile sector. 65’s cone. Maharashtra State. Presently the mill is mainly producing 60’s cone. Estimation of Earnings The Coimbatore co-operative spinning mill is large scale industry. consistency and reduce cost 3. Product range of the mill varies according to customers requirements. The mill also distributes its product to NHDC Coimbatore and local market. 10 Lakhs in Plant and Machinery. The Textile industry has a very important role to play in the industrial field. Scope of the Industry 1. 2. with regard to employment potential. institution and a long time experience in the industry. Adopt latest technologies to improve quality.
Cut lead times and meet tight delivery schedules 5. . Invest in training of human resources and up gradation of worker skills .8 4. Create flexible manufacturing capabilities 8. Focus on value addition and product differentiation 6. Invest in product development and product innovation 7.
9 CHAPTER III COMPANY PROFILE .
FEATURES OF CO-OPERATIVE ORGANISATION: It is a voluntary organization and open membership. The mills is only one co-operative mill in Coimbatore district. Institution. At present the capacity of mill is 20192. make decision on that. VISION To expand the business all over the India To have the best of professional work force in company with positive attitude and behavioral outlook and service before self as their motto. Most of the machines used is about 20-30 year of old. . As a Govt.10 COMPANY PROFILE The Coimbatore Co-operative Spinning Mills ltd is started during the year 1964 with a capacity of 12000 spindles. the main market of this mill is Mumbai. This company registered under Madras Co-operative societies Act 1932. However the Company desires to expand its as much as possible. This mill is a co-operative organization. it is very important and it will have the impact according to what the Govt. This is the first mill set up in the co-operative sector in the state. Democratic control owned and managed by Board Directors which is selected by members Proxy is allowed in co-operative society Principal is one man one vote The main slogan of co-operative is “Each for all and all for each” Co-operative must be registered with the registrar of co-operative societies under the Co-operative Societies Act.
Improve sales by quality control and product diversification MARKET SHARE IN THE INDUSTRY The main market of the product in the mill is at Mumbai. If these goals are achieved it will become a profitable sustainable company. Policy statement of the company Designing and producing products that meet the market demand. To increase the production of value added products .11 MISSION To achieve leadership in textile industry in India. Maharashtra State. The company will achieve their objectives through excellence in the area of a) Customer satisfaction. The mill also distributes its product to NHDC Coimbatore and local market. b) Quality. In addition to that it also ensure total customer satisfaction. c) Cost reduction .
M. Nijesh. 30240 spindles . Sukumaran Nair V. Narayanan Bharathan Chandra shekaran K.1278 66(74) Dated 17-12-1974 Cotton yard Bee Wandy(Mumbai) Cotton ENTYCE Process layout T.Jayarajan Jayadeven. Haresh.12 Basic facts about mill Name Year of establishment Societies registered number Industrial License Main production Main market Raw material Brand name Type of lay out Managing director Chairman General Manger Spinning master Assistant master Supervisor Capacity No: of employees 454 Coimbatore co-operative spinning mil 1964(1-5-1964) F.
Thus the right to control may be he power defined as the power of share holder r to appoint the director. The board of directors is elected by the share holders. The company’s major policies and decision s are taken by board of directors. If the director fails in protecting the interest of the shareholder they may be replaced. The general manger is the chief executive officer. The ultimate owner of company is shareholders.M.14 MANAGEMENT This mill is managed by board of directors. The duty management should be to reduce the excess expenditure.Jayarajan.Nijesh. Narayanan Bharathan Chandra shekaran K.Haresh . In some cases the company may have to go through complete organization. Sukumaran V. The company also adopts modernization programs for survival of the mills as competitive units Managing director Chairman General Manger Spinning master Assistant master Supervisor T.Jayadevan. The management setup in the mill is given in the organizational chart.
15 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE GM Deputy Spinning Manager Deputy Manager (Accounts) Manager (Personnel) Technical Asst. (Electrical) Asst Spinning Mnanager Accounts Staff Time office Supervisory Staff Quality Control Personnel Manager Security Inspector Workers .
The mill also distributes its product to NHDC Coimbatore and local market CAPACITY . Maharashtra State. This other departments are SQC department Workshop Waste department Security section Electrical department Canteen COIMBATORE CO-OPERATIVE SPINNING MILLS LTD MARKET The main market of the product in the mill is at Mumbai.16 DEPARTMENTS The main departments working in this mill is: Production department Personnel/ administrative department Marketing department Purchase department Sales department Store department These are the main departments working in this but there is other departments working which we do give prior importance but without these departments the other departments would be ineffective and they have important role in the spinning mill.
40’s cone. 47 spinning machines are there in this company. .17 The licensed installed as well as commissioned capacity of the mill is 20192 spindles. But as they working differently also they are interconnected that is without purchasing department production cannot be done and without production department sales department cannot do anything. Plant layout The plant layout of this industry is process layout. Here the department are not grouped together. When the company was started there were 72 machines but now it has reduced to 47. Polyester. PRODUCT RANGE Product range of the mill varies according to customers requirements. Earlier the mill was producing 20’s cone also. Presently the mill has been mainly producing 60’s cone. 65’s cone. Staple fiber Product : yarn. This mill is located at melechovva. Cotton. This mill is approx 7 km from Coimbatore town. Every department is working separately in different sections. Polyester Plant Location The Coimbatore co-operative spinning Mill is located in chovva. Chovva mainly consist two areas – Thazhe chovaa and Melechovva. Chovva is a place in kannur district. Coimbatore spinning mill is a large scale industry functioning in this area. PRODUCT PROFILE: Raw material: Cotton.
18 CHAPTER IV LEARINGS AND FINDINGS FROM THE COMPANY .
19 PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT .
The plant is organized and operated primary object of producing goods. determining the sequences of operations. The control of production is one of the important problems of production management. directing and controlling to the production process. organization. production planning and control and work simplification. Manufacturing firm acquires raw materials like cotton and perform the production function by transforming them into finished products like textiles . designing the layout of the physical facilities. Production is the functional area responsible for turning inputs into finished out puts through a series of production processes. The production depart will set standards and targets for each sections of the production process. Production management covers activities such as procuring and installing machinery. The quantity and quality of products coming off a production line will be closely monitored by all employees very stage of production. determining the equipment and capacity requirement . purchasing and storing materials and converting to saleable products added to the above are other related areas such as quality management. maintenance management. In other words production management involves application of planning.20 PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT Production department management refers to the application of management principles to the production function. The various activities involved in production planning are designing product. co-ordinate and monitor production activities. The activities of production control is to provide optimum utilization of resources.
21 FLOW CHART OF PRODUCTION PROCESS MIXING BLOW ROOM CARDING DRAWING SIMPLEX SPINNING CONE WINDING PACKING .
When this cotton brought the people open the cotton which is brought in pressed form and then the cotton is mixed in this department and conditions it. LSM – length strength & maturity. Mainly there are two varieties of cotton are seen in the blow room. -40’s and60’s. In this mill mixing is done by hand Function Of Mixing Uniform mix different types of cotton Open cotton Conditioning Firstly. Blowroom From here mixing process takes place Here the raw materials is cotton. the cotton is brought in the lorry. the difference is that 60’s cotton is of good quality than 40’s quality index used formula is: FQI=LSM F (where FQI= fiber quality index. F.fitness) LSm should be more and fitness should be less) (here . 1 lorry is two tons of cotton.3000 kilo cotton is brought in one day. The raw material cotton is brought from different stations and they are taken in this department of different varieties mainly of 40’s and 60’s cotton.22 Mixing This is first stage in production process. Different varieties of cotton are seen in the blow room. It is conditioned according to room temperature and atmosphere conditions and these materials are stocked in this department.
and efficiency of the spinning process. In this department 60’s cotton and 40’s cotton is kept separate and then it is conditioned. In this department raw material is conditioned that is kept covered. Then the cotton is fed into the machine. nutrient deficiencies. The sequence of machine is installed in this department to blend open and clean raw materials. Scutcher means continues group of machinery. the length of the fiber has a great influence on quality and price. Fiber length is basically an inherited/ genetically character of the seed variety. The main purpose of this department is maximum of waste removal.23 Fibre Length Length Fiber length is defined as the average length of the longer on-half of the fibers(upper half mean length). However weather. The conditioned is done for one day. By effecting yarn strength and evenness. as well as cleaning and or dying at the gin may also affect the fiber length. Two machines are mainly used in blow room. The 60’s waste is called pnrumafil waste and 40’s waste is called bondas waste Functions Of Blowroom: Opening Cleaning Blending/ mixing Waste removal Uniform feed to the caring machine Recycling the waste Micro dust removal . Here the cotton passes though air pressure and waste falls down and cotton passes. They are generally known as scuther. The machine name is called TRUTZ SCHLER( MADE BY TRUMAC INDIA).
The cleaning efficiency is strongly dependent on thrash percentage. It is also called heart of the spinning process . straightens fiber. In this department they get 5% thrash.24 Blow room installation consist of a sequence of different machines to carry out operations. Technologucal Point Of Blowroom Every blow room machine can shatter particles. Carding is the process of straightening and paralleling of fibers. Carding In this department impurities or waste is removed and fiber must be straightened. and removes impurities. Cleaning is made more difficult if the impurities of dirty cotton are distributed through a larger quantity of material by mixing with clean cotton. Opening should be followed immediately by cleaning. It is also affected by the size of the particle and sickness of cotton. if possible the same machine. as far as possible a lot of impurities should be eliminated at the start of the process. Functions Of Carding Waste Removal Paralisation Make It Into Silver Form Carding separate fiber from each other. condenses them into a single continuous stand. Mainly the object of this department is to clean the raw materials and the short fibers are removed in these machines. This straightening is done by arranging the fibers in parallel fashion which is called carding. Therefore cleaning efficiency can be different for different cottons with same trash percentage.
production required in the carding system 2.14 Drawing From carding the raw materials are brought and stored it in drawing department in different cans. The new of machine is computerized system The sheet form of cotton is called at it will be of16 ½ kilo weight and 40 meter system. The silver is passed through a machine. Old forms of machine make cotton into lap for that is sheet form New form of machine s called chute line or chute feeding system. % of white waste 1098 95 293 586 5. licker the speed. hank of silver delivered 4. The silver is stored in the can. total production/ shift in kgs 8.25 There are two type of machine. number of allotted for each count 3. In this waste will not be there uniformity will increase. Here the cotton is made in to rope form. production in kg/ 8 hours/ cash 7. Mainly 8 cans will be kept in this department.8 .14 62s/65s 1563 2 . The machine has 2 roller. cylinder speed. Old machine and new form of machine. efficiency 6.doffer speed RPM 5. The rope form of cotton is called silver. Rubber cotton roller Steel cotton roller .25 47868 95 293 586 5. % of salable waste 9.2 2 1365 2 . PRODUCT RANGE 40’s 1.
delivery speed in meters in breaker 5. Paralisation makes silver parallel and it helps in proper drafting while doubling improves the quality. (doubling is not done now in this mill A FUNCTION OF DRAWING IS: Drafting Thorough blending Make uniformity As a result of drawing the silver is condensed into a thinner strand and becomes more uniform.76 8 . hank delivered in breaker/ finisher 4. efficiency finisher 6. production/ shift of 8 hours in kgs required number allotted 2.16 225 85 7.5 643 1358 62/65s 1555 . In drawing silver is made into thinner strand and winds it on a bobbin Product range 40s 1.72 8 . average production/ shift in kgs( finisher) . draft in breaker 7. The object of drawing is doubling and paralisation of fibres.16 22400 85-90 7. number of silver fed in breaker / finisher 3.5 668 .5/7.26 Here pressure is put from 2 rollers and the output received is called silver ( the output of carding and drawing is called silver).5/7.
8 1428 528 900 gm 920 1. From this department the size of the silver will get reduced. average weight of full dobbin 8. average production in HKS/ 8 hrs 6. production/ shift of 8 hours in kgs required number allotted 2. end breakage/ 100 spindle/ hrs 861 1. In principle strands are twisted together in the opposite direction to the spinning twist.27 Simplex The next department is simplex. Silver from the drawing machine is drafted in this machines and small twist is given to blind the material together Product range 40s 1. In this department 60s machine and 40s machine is used. total production in kgs/ 8 hrs 7.25 3496 662 900gm 1351 62s/ 65s 1547 .0 1. The output of this machine is called roving or bobbin A Functions Of Simplex Is drafting twisting make it roving Twisting means many yarns are piled together it increase the dia meter and tensile strength. % of whit waste in simplex 4.0 2. hank of roving delivered 5. The machine prepares the drawing silver for spinning the yarn to suitable count. In this department silver passes through the codes and forms into thin threads known as roving products. spindles speed 3.
the roving product is drafted as per the count. When this machine work for 6 ½ hours we get output of 23 to 24 kilo thread. The drafted material is twisted to form the yarn.28 Spinning The last step is spinning. In this department. LMW COMPANY-GS/1 uses 864 spindles so the cost of this machine is more than33 lakh. The running power of machine is 15000RP. In spinning frame reduces roving t required size of single yarn. In this. These machines will cost Rupees 7 lakh. This department is called ring frame. . TEXTOOL DJ50 uses 400 spindles. A Fnction Of Spinning Is: Drafting Twisting Make it in yarn In spinning department 3 models of machine are used such as Textool 5hs Testool Dj50 Lmw Company-Gs/1 In one machine 400 spindles are used. Spinning is the process of making yarn from fibers.
make and type spindle used 10. the yarn span on the sing frame is wound on paper cones. end breakage/100 spindle/ hrs 7.6 864 34. spindle speed 6.08 Cone winding In the winding process. Therefore are 3 cones winding with 120 drums each THE FUNCTION OS CONE WINDING: remove thick and thin place make it in a cone form . With the help of slab catchers provided on the winding machines all the spinning are removed. Average count 2. traveler used(make. spindle point production/ 8 hrs in each count 4.8grms 5 12135 15 3 5/OBRT kunal K 225 . make and type of top arm and top roller 11.6 400 72. Product range 40s 1. number of spindle in each machine 3. number) 9. percentage of idle spindle 50. simplex and spinning machinery.29 Drafting Drafting is thinning down the material and this is getting affected by a set of rollers running a graduate speed in drawing. type.08 60s 50. number of sides allotted for each count 5.5grms 6 11140 11 3 13/OBRT kunal PK 225 . pneumafil waste(percentage) 8.
25 kg 40 cone 1 bag = 1 bag = 50 kilo .30 Cone packing:For packing & easy transportation materials to market the the final yarn is wound on paper cones in cone form in the cone forms from the unwinding becomes easier. Sacks 40 cones are packed in a single bag making it a 50 kg cone bag 1 cone weight = 1. At present the weight of the individual cone is maintained at 1.250 kg . in packing section the cone are packed in polythene and woven.
31 SALES DEPARTMENT .
All most all cone yarn are out side the state by way of tenders and by way of depot in Bombay mill depot working in Mumbai in 2 places bhiwandi % malagaon. Main output produced by the mill is cotton yarn. Mainly two types of cotton yarn produced in this mill such as hank yarn and cone yarn Hank yarn:Hank yarn is produced mainly to be sold to weavers co-operative societies and private weavers. It involves efforts to sell what has been produced. These 2 depots sold all yarns transferred from mill to Mumbai. . Selling refers to the functions and activities undertaken to secure the sale or destruction of product manufacture by the firm.5% commissions for running the depot. The main object of this mill is to provide good quality of yarn with minimum cost. 40s. 2/17s. The mill providing 1. 2/20s Cone yarn:It is producing for supplying to power looms 80% of the yarn produced as corn. 60s.32 SALES DEPARTMENT Selling is important for increasing the profit. 2/40s. Hank yarn is produces in different verities or counts Varieties of hank yarn: 20s. Selling is basically production oriented.
transport all yarn to our deported at Mumbai Sale of waste cotton: Mill sold waste cotton byway of tenders given in public. which people quote higher rate will conform the part. Quick means of transport have made possible their transportation in transits.33 Transportation: The chief function of physical distribution is to take goods from the places where they are consumed. Mill used to select transport companies by way of invite quotation from transport companies who placed lowest quotation which confirmed by the mill. The mill used to transfer finished product from mill premises to parties by way of road. The company has vehicle. Mostly waste cottons are taken by Tamilnadu. Now amar transport co. Transportation has always led to increases in scale of production and specialization of an industry. It takes place two times in a year. Almost all waste cottons taken by mill are from outside state. .
34 PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT .
. training and placing of employees for setting policies for personnel management. screening hiring staff. good working condition. Human resource department involve in employee recruitment. bonus. contract negotiation and administration. In this organization. job security. The personnel department calculates prints and delivers pay checks and administers direct deposit. This department is responsible for hiring. This department handles programmers like recruitment. Employees provident fund recovery and remittance on time Preparation of the salary bills. The mission of the personnel department is to provide a full range human resources management services for department and employees. the maintenance of personnel records. punishment etc. Keeping books which contains detail like job performance. This department also tries to increase overall employee effectiveness by providing different facilities. the personnel function is placed under factory manager The following are the functions allocated to the personnel department: industrial relations Recruitment and training Employees service like canteen. labor and employee relations. Maintain relation with trade union. The main duties of personnel department are as follows: Keeping the personnel files of the employees. transfer. The human side of enterprises is its dynamic part. salary plan administration.35 PERSONNEL DEPARTMENT Human factor is critical in the success of an enterprise. Preparation of the salary bills of the employees on daily wages appointed on contract Leaves account updating .
There are only 4 female workers which is permanent. maternity. Trade union is an organized expression of the needs.36 Leave and holiday A worker may grant casual leave of absence without wages for 10 days in aggregate in a calendar year. in this mill the wage of permanent workers is rs250 per day. the social. The wages given to trainees is 12500. and accident will be allowed to the workmen as provided for in the employee state insurance act. economic and political interest of members. 27 staff. 10 mill cashiers. National festival holidays will be allowed to the workmen. attitudes and expectation of the workers. They have no power in the mill. permanent workers will get increment in every year. 17 gate badalies. 16 contract and paid apprentice. through collective action. The gate badalies are not permanent. project and improve. In this mill there are 33 trainees. Man power status At present there are 387 workers. Leave for sickness. . The wages include dearness allowances. Wage per day = basic wage + dearness allowance 26 Trade union in this mill Trade union is an organization of workers formed to promote. mill cashiers are Rs. 9000 and gate badalies it is rs5000. Trade unions are emerged as an essential feature in an industry in every country. The worker felt exploited at the hands of the employers. The main reason for their emergence is the factory system and capitalistic society. house rent allowances etc.
These functions include provisions of educational. India.37 THE FUNCTION PERFORMED BY TRADE UNIONS ARE: INTRAMURAL FUNCTION: The trade union may resort to strike and other pressure tactic to get their demand implemented. In this mill trade unions are: AICTU: All India centre for trade unions was a trade union centre in kerala. proper working condition and job security EXTRAMULAR FUNCTIONS: Trade unions also undertake functions which are required for the welfare of the members. It was founded may 3. restroom facility. canteen facility etc. Intramural function include wage rise. INTUC: Indian national trade union congress (INTUC) is the trade union wing of the national congress. All Indian centre for trade unions (AICTU) with the independent hind mazdoor sabha(HMS). . 1947. POLITICAL FUNCTIONS: Trade unions encage in political activities in order to help in improving the economics conditions of workers through legislative and administrative measures. It was the labour wing of the communist Marxist party.
The training is an important factor in the industry. Under this method. He is instructed by experienced trainer or spinning master. TRAINING Training is the act of increasing the knowledge and skill of employees. Training is required: To increase the productivity. the next task of management is to give proper training to the employee. It is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for . In the Mill the trainee is given temporary vacancy and he gets Rupees 50 each month.38 CITU: CITU is another trade union in this industry which is under a communist party. Every organization needs the service of trained person for performing activities in a systematic way. RECRUITMENT Recruitment is the process of hiring the right kinds of candidates on the right job. the training is adopted is “on the job training”. It was founded in 1970. the workers are put on a machine or a specific job in the factory. To reduce supervision. The training is given for 6 months and if the employees fit for the work he is made permanent. After the selection of a person. In Coimbatore Spinning Mill. To eliminate wastages. When there is change in technology.
TRANSFER Transfer means shifting of an employee from one job to another. Promotion. Mainly in this mill: Production transfers are done that is transfer from one department where the labour requirements are generally reduced to departments where labour needs are increasing or vacancies have occurred trough separations. It can help him in future promotion. 2nd shift. Thus production transfers are done about in the same occupational level. Versatility transfers are to increase the versatility of the employees by shifting him from one job to another. . Carding. Transfer also takes place from one shift to another shift like 1 st shift. In the mill transfer takes place from one department to another department like Blow room. Simplex etc. or the worker cannot get along with the supervisor. 3rd shift. Advertisement. Its aims are to attract a large number of applications from the job seekers. It means discovering the source of personnel. pay and status of an employee. Drawing. The different source of recruitment used this mill is: Transfer. Shift transfer is a common type of transfer of an employee from one shift to another shift on the same type of work. Remedial transfer are made to remedy the situation that is initial placement has been faulty.39 jobs in the organization. one department to another or from one shift to another. a transfer to appropriate job or more agreeable supervisor is made it might result in better performance. Transfer does not involve any drastic change in the responsibility. Replacement transfer is used to replace a new employee with an employee who has been in the organization for along time. Employment exchange.
Advertisement in newspapers are generally used by this organs action when qualified personnel are not available from other sources. Promotion will be subjected to the direction that may be issued from time by the personnel committee or board with regards to reservation in employment. In this mill the advertisement is done by giving in a newspaper. In this mill. Promotion would encourage the employees. registration. efficiency and performance of the employees are assessed management as a basis for promotion. It leads to shifting an employee to a higher position carrying higher status. Merit. by the Advertisement: Advertisement is a paid from of non personnel communication about an organization by an identified sponsor. retirement. providing them with motivation. pay and responsibility. promotion is given on the basis of seniority. Seniority is based on the employee’s length of service and counted from the date of his joining the organization.40 PROMOTION Promotion refers to the advancement of an employee to better and higher job. Promotion policy Promotion to higher post in made when vacancy arises due to death. Recruitment at factory gate:- .
statutory . Thus plans of labor welfare and industrial housing may be regarded as an important part of the schemes for raising efficiency of labor. prosperity and the development of human resources. happiness. Employment Exchange:Employment exchanges assist in the recruitment of a all kinds of workers and employees except perhaps managerial staff.41 In this mill this type of direct recruitment is done by placing a notice on the notice board of the enterprise specifying the details of the job available. The employers send the recruitment of manpower of the employment exchange. Labor welfare include all intramural (inside the organization) and extramural welfare work (outside the organization). WELFARE ACTIVITIES LABOUR WELFARE The term welfare expresses the state of wellbeing. This mill provides welfare activities. Any attempt to increase the productivity of efficiency of labor can be done in the workers are given the right type of work environment and are provided with those basic amenities of life which have direct bearing on workers physical efficiency. The employer selects a suitable concerned employee. health.and social security measures. The employment exchange authorities send a list of employment opportunities of the concerned employees. It is generally followed for filling casual vacancies required unskilled workers. Labour welfare work can be: Statutory Non. The employer selects suitable candidate from the list. The job seekers register the name in employment exchange.
This is provided when the workers are injured while working. INTRA-MURAL AMENITIES EXTRA-MURAL AMENITIES Washing and bathing facilities Rest shelters &Sitting facilities Canteen Latrines &urinals Drinking water facilities Shift allowances First aid appliances Medical facilities Educational facilities Social insurance measures Gratuity Pension Provident fund First aid appliances: In this mill first aid appliance is given. Only is done when it is minor injury. . Water facilities: The mill is providing water facilities to the workers for drinking as well as for washing and bathing.42 Statutory welfare measures are those services whose implementation depends. Statutory measures have been provides in this mill. If the injury is serious he is taken to the hospital. On the coercive power of the government. which the employer undertakes for the welfare of his employees on a voluntary basis. Sitting and rest facilities. Non-statutory welfare measures include all those activities.
In this mill it is kept in convenient places is maintained in a clean and hygienic condition.00 = 35 Paisa = 70 Paisa Educational facilities: The mill provides cash awards for workers children who has scored highest marks. The spacious canteen is provided for the workers. Washing and bathing facilities: The mill provides facilities to workers for washing their cloths to dry it. In the canteen the food items are served and the charges are made in very cheap rate. The mill is having good environment for industrial peace and progress. Dosha etc at subsidiary rate. The mill is also providing tours for the employees.43 In the mill it is found that the workers are working very hardly for bringing maximum output. Thus in this time the worker has a resting room to sit and relax. So that the mill is providing rest hours like intervals. Chappathi. The present rate of food items are as follows:1) Meals 2) 1 Tea/Coffee 3) Snacks = Rs 2. This facility is done separately for male and female workers. Rice. The importance of recreation is creating healthy climate. Sanitary facilities: Sufficient latrine and urinal accommodation is provided in this mill. The mill is providing food items like Bonda. Canteen facilities: The mill is providing canteen inside the work place. lunch break for relaxing. This is mainly done to improve productivity and to avoid pressure to employees. Recreational facilities: Recreation plays an important role in the mental in the physical development of employees. A separate person comes at evening and cleans it everyday. .
30 pm The main shift are shift I. The official time starts from 9-30 to 5-00. Each employee gets half an hour intervals within the working hour. The act provides for payment of gratuity the rate of 15 days wages for the employee completed year of service. shift III and there is also a general shift. This restriction is however inapplicable in case of death or termination of service through disablement due to accident or disease.44 Shift allowance: The mill is working according to the shift. Gratuity is payable at the rate of 15 days’ wages (basic pay + dearness allowances) for every completed year of service. I year gratuity = 1 month salary * 15 days 26 days Gratuity is a retrial benefit earned by the employee by rendering service. shift II. Timing of shift Shift I Shift II Shift III = 7-00am to 3-30 pm = 3-30am to 12-00 = 12-00 to 7-00am General shift = 7-00am to 5. It provides payment of gratuity by an employer to an employee on termination of his employment after rendered service for not less than five continuous years on wages not exceeding 1. Gratuity The payment of gratuity Act. The Ist and IInd shift include 8½ hours has working hours and IIIrd shift include 8 hours.3 shift is working in 24 hours that is per day. Pension: .500. The coverage under the Act is restricted to the employees having rendered at least five years of service.1972 is applicable to factories.
These contributions are to be calculated on the basis of basic wages.45 On attaining the age of 58 years. dearness allowance (including the cash value any food concession) and retaining allowances. FINANCE DEPARTEMENT . the mill is providing pension fund to the employees. This scheme applies to employees in the factor. These contribution are to be calculated on the basic of the basic wages. dearness allowances and retaining allowance.
keeps men and machines at work. to expand a company. The entire enterprise has financial assistance either from commercial banks and financial institutions. How ever stringent type competition. It facilitates working of process in the firm. cash or fund available to carry out operations. Management of finance: Finance has never been problem for entrepreneurs in this cluster. develops products. The provision of fund is essential for meeting various requirement of firm. . Money is the universal lubricant which keeps the enterprise dynamic. Their financial controls and accounting systems are up-to-date and hence they are able to provide right information. A firm requires that fund at different stages like to start a company. In this enterprise the entire control of finance depends upon this department.46 FINANCE DEPARTMENT Finance refers to money. Financing is an ancillary but important function of marketing. The various functions undertaken by this department are:1. The chief financial official that is the finance manager is the controller of finance. compelling to the manufacturing to supply at less remunerative price. to operate a company. He is manly for performing for the financial functions. sometimes may create shortage in working capital. The importance of finance is needs not over emphasized. Without proper administration of finance. and encourages management to make progress and create values. no business can utilize its full potential for the growth and expansion. The enterprise is well organized in financial planning. Some times excessive credit given to customers creates temporary shortage in working capital.
Management of firms asset structure Determining the capital budget Establishing credit policies Managing the liquid resources Controlling the level of inventories Management of firm’s financial resources Establishing the dept equity ratio or financial leverage. Determining the debt and dividend policy Timely payment shares Negotiating and developing the relationship with various suppliers Maintaining book of accounts • • • • Register of maintaining shares. o Forecasting and planning financial structure of the firm. Cash payments. They have accountant to look after their accounts. Concurrent with the goals of the firm. Key financial activities: o Financial analysis. Cash book-Cash receipt. planning and control o Assessing the financial performance and the working condition of the firm.47 balance sheet and profit & loss account to the satisfaction of term lending institutions and banks for getting working capital and term loans. 2. Appropriate system of control to ensure that actions of manager are . Purchase day book Sales day book .
an entity has a working capital deficiency. Company can endowed with assets and profitability but short of liquidity if its assets cannot readily be converted into cash. It is calculated as current assets minus current liabilities.48 • • Journal proper. accounts receivable and payable and cash. Positive working capital is required to ensure that a firm is able continue its operations and that it has sufficient funds to satisfy both maturing short-term debt upcoming operational expenses. If current assets are less than current liabilities. . Day book.L Weaver Co-operatives Other Co operative(Co operative banks) State government Number Equity(Rs in lakh) 10097 12911 7499 678716 1004350 645450 562425 50903700 53115925 Total 709223 Working capital. also known as net working capital. Along with Fixed Asset such as plant and equipment. also called a working capital deficit. is financial metric which represents operation liquidity available to a business. working capital considered a part of operating capital. The management of working capital involves managing inventories. Paid up share capital Sl number Category of number Individual H.
80 101927 June 20192 1091657 725623 84.4 30303 15.66 0.52 30 1 17856 3+Practica l 72.60 66888 66619 84.62s.91 47.6 5s 56.43 .7 .17 48015 13.2 .35 46.62s.59 12.32 106668 May 20192 1399987 477869 87.54 30 Practical 74.07 40s.17 34151 15.57 74.10 46. August Installed capacity Workable capacity Actual spindles worked Actual spindles stopped Overall efficiency Capacity utilization Based on installed capacity Based on workable capacity Counts run Average count Average g/s spindle Total spinning production RGI production Yarn realization % In process stock in Kg Total waste % Invisible loss % HOK up to spinning HOK post spinning Number of days worked Number of paid holidays Paid holidays wages Number of laid off G/S 40s concurtion Total kg 40s concurtion Lay off compensation April 20192 1435105 382175 88.13 48.89 52287 50641 84.55 40s.71 31 Practical 72.69 65369 65612 84.53 12.6 5s 55. July.97 40s.49 Technical performance of the month of June.34 46.65 s 53.0 36927 15.62s.75 60.83 78.
09* .G Details of stoppage in percentage based on o Cleaning o Repair o Count change o Want of empties o Want of hands o Power of failure o Want of back stuff o Not workable spindle o Electrical repair o Maintenance o Others Total 354732 744 327 2.41 .98+3.K.6 5 .64 .75 265500 604 2.33 5.61+4.17 .93 CAPITAL ACCOUNT Reserves and surplus Other funds reserves Statutory funds & reserves Share capital A class B class Depreciation fund and others Common good fund Depreciation fund building Government share Investment allowances Profit sale on asset Replacement fund Reserve fund invested Reserve fun un invested Education fund C class .73 .83 .03 339660 468 215 2.50 Total KSEB unit Total DG unit Diesel Consumed in liter Unit per liter U.01 5.25 0.26 .18 21.33 4.55 2.3 3.8 4 2.45 78823.51 39.78+20.27 3.18 3.34 .5 3.08 2.62 .38 4.90 3015+6.98 0.01 10.11 25.33 .
With increase in workers emphasis participation in management. in the wider social objective of developing partnership between the workers and the employer some form of co-partnership must be evolved so that the worker or employee has also a share in the governorship. . The government is at present thinking of making this possible for both the private and the public sector undertaking.51 Subsidies Undistributed profit Share capital A class share. Government share Share capital proportion (class %) Government share = 95.21% = 1.89% Amount Government share amount = 50903700 A class share B class share C class share = 645450 = 562425 = 1004350 53115925 Worker’s shares As already indicated.06% = 1. Although workers participation schemes to have caught on recently in India. B class share.84% A class share B class share C class share = 1. C class share. the profit concept share can in the result in the worker being allowed to purchase a share in the capital. an increased in awareness may be developed of giving workers a share also in ownership.
Thus by giving them a stake in the undertaking. production could assist and healthy industrial relations developed. the workers have to invest in the enterprise in which he is working. PURCHASING DEPARTEMENT .52 However.
A vital aspect of this role is ensuring stocks arrive on time and to right quantity. In Coimbatore Co-operative Spinning Mill the purchase department is set up under the production department. The mill purchase raw materials from outside state like Karnataka. Punjab etc. Maharashtra. Gujarat. Purchase is made on the basis of Tenders. Andhra Pradesh. Mill gives purchase order to the parties on the basis of lowest quotation offered by the parties. Cotton:The mill main raw material is cotton.53 PURCHASING DEPARTMENT The purchasing department will be responsible for providing the materials. components and equipments required to keep the production process running smoothly. The mill purchased different varieties of cottons of different count such as:Counts Varieties 40s MECH LRA BUNNY MCU-5 BHRMA RCH H-6 60s MCU-5 DCH-32 H-4 BUNNY .
. Store materials:For day to running of the mill numerous store materials are required by the mill that is part of machines. This is Co-operative institution so it must be need invite quotations and given tenders for sales. Mill wants to pack the finished products so mill purchase packing materials from different states. Packing materials are:• • • Labels Bags(Polythene bags) Jute yarn.54 Packing materials:Another purchase be made for running the mill. It is also purchased from within the states and outside state. All purchases are made from different parties.
55 WASTE MANAGEMENT DEPARTEMENT .
These waste cotton will be of low of quality thread and it will used mainly for making cushion. Waste collected for past 5 months 2012 Hard waste Flat strips Cylinder fly Sweepings Gutter fly Droppings Clearer roller Roving ends White droppings TOTAL APRIL 2750 1889 913 780 3322. Each department has waste and the waste from different department is kept in different sides which has different names such as: Gutter fly Flat waste Sweeping Cylinder fly Hessen rags .5 191.5 60.5 MAY 184 3091 1798 1116 570 3498 360 10617 JUNE 98 3044 1756 12047 1803 3968 60 196 294 12423 JULY 106 2980 1775 1047 1591 4053 50 334 304 12240 . There will be maximum waste of 5 to 6%.5 9907. To measure the weight it starts from 0 kg to 300 kg.56 WASTE MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT In this department the waste cotton is kept in sacks.
57 STORES DEPARTEMENT .
There is need to provide for storage of raw material in a plant until they are converted into finished products. The factory buys raw material economically when they are available and should be stored properly. The stores department will be responsible for the stocking all the necessary tools, spares, raw materials and equipment required to service the manufacturing process. The store department is connected with physical handling and well-being of the stock. The stores department is meant for stocking purchased material, but partly finished goods, spares and consumables are also kept in stores. If the goods are not sold off immediately the manufacturer has to make adequate arrangements for storage of his output. An efficient storage yields the following benefits:• • • • Ease of handling Minimum of wastage Efficient space management Ready accessibility of major materials permitting efficient services to the users.
59 RECEIPTS &ISSUES OF STORE ARTICLES FOR THE MONTH OF AUGUST 2012 Sl number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Description Blow room Carding Simplex Spinning Electrical General Cone packing Cone winding(production) Cone winding(machine) Compressor Work shop Canteen Reeling TOTAL 369499 43 Receipt 361 3113 143644 16309 10187 126746 28337 39701 871 208 00 43 08 11 52 00 50 00 69 10 Issue 5757 6172 28518 11353 11940 37828 22851 8083 115 24 325 132971 92 49 82 65 00 00 00 39 90 15 89 21
voltage and reduce earth fault. The engine of generator is of Kirloskar Cummins Engine (Pune). From electrical department. It is done to maintain current.2 employees working This mill gets line from Chovva substation. The other details are given below: Transformer = 1000 KV Primary Secondary = 11 KV = 40 KV It consists of a generator room also where there are two generators. the power is distributed. Last month the energy consumed by this mill is 265600. In this department there is:• • General shift. Theses generator is used for 18 years the cost of these generator will more than 10 lakh.3 employees working One shift . .61 ELECTRICAL DEPARTEMENT This department is called Power house and it is also called as electrical control room. The alternator is from NGEF (Karnataka) Earthlings is done ion this department for protection relays. The generator unit is 624.
62 CHAPTER V THEORETICAL CONCEPTS AND REAL PRACTICES .
The machine has 2 roller. Simplex The next department is simplex. -40’s and60’s.3000 kilo cotton is brought in one day. The silver is stored in the can. Mainly 8 cans will be kept in this department. The raw material cotton is brought from different stations and they are taken in this department of different varieties mainly of 40’s and 60’s cotton. From this department the size of the silver will get reduced. Carding In this department impurities or waste is removed and fiber must be straightened. Different varieties of cotton are seen in the blow room.63 THEORETICAL CONCEPTS AND REAL PRACTICES Mixing This is first stage in production process. In this department 60s machine and 40s machine is used. Mainly there are two varieties of cotton are seen in the blow room. In this department silver passes through the codes and forms into thin threads known as roving products. In this mill mixing is done by hand Blowroom From here mixing process takes place. The output of this machine is called roving or bobbin . The silver is passed through a machine. Here the raw material is cotton. The difference is that 60’s cotton is of good quality than 40’s quality. Drawing From carding the raw materials are brought and stored it in drawing department in different cans. This straightening is done by arranging the fibers in parallel fashion which is called carding.
In spinning frame reduces roving t required size of single yarn. At present the weight of the individual cone is maintained at 1. With the help of slab catchers provided on the winding machines all the spinning are removed. Therefore are 3 cones winding with 120 drums each Cone packing:For packing & easy transportation materials to market the the final yarn is wound on paper cones in cone form in the cone forms from the unwinding becomes easier. the yarn span on the sing frame is wound on paper cones. In this department. Spinning is the process of making yarn from fibers. The drafted material is twisted to form the yarn. Drafting Drafting is thinning down the material and this is getting affected by a set of rollers running a graduate speed in drawing. Sacks 40 cones are packed in a single bag making it a 50 kg cone bag .64 Spinning The last step is spinning. in packing section the cone are packed in polythene and woven. the roving product is drafted as per the count. This department is called ring frame. simplex and spinning machinery. Cone winding In the winding process.250 kg .
In the company 75% of the employees are belonging to production department. Highly standardized technology. SUGGESTIONS • If the company is able to change the promotion policy adopted it is better to consider both merit and seniority of the employees. In the company 69% of the employees education qualification is SSLC.65 FINDINGS • • • • • • • Industrial relations with trade unions are fairly good and there is greater cooperation between management and employees. Most of the employees have a good opinion about the level of job satisfaction. . And also ensure that adequate promotions are giving to the employees. 40% of the employees are having more than 15 years of experience. Most of the employees prefer seniority as the base for providing promotion. It is better to introduce participative programs with the participation of officers and management representatives. • • If the company is improving the general working condition of the employees it will help to give more satisfaction to the employees.
66 CHAPTER VI CONCLUSION .
67 CONCLUSION The Coimbatore Co-Op. The market and goodwill it enjoys appreciable indeed. Spinning Mills Ltd have made considerable achievements in the area of Textile industries. Successful company is one which certain up and down in the market and able to win the battle. Through their efforts and quality. . company has able to establish a good reputation. Company’s brand image and loyalty is worth considering. In fact CCSM has been in existence for the last few decades and it is all set to step into next millennium with glorious memory to sell. The company has operational experience of more than 40 years. Dedicated work and vision of the management has enabled the company to reach its position today.
68 PART III BIBLIOGRAPHY .
Chand Memorandum and Articles of Association . Tata McGraw-Hill. Marketing Management by Philip Kotler Human Resource Management by Ashwathapa Production and Operations Management by S. Human Resource Management. Marketing Management. Macmillan. 1990. 5 th edition.69 BIBLIOGRAPHY • • • • • • V S Ramaswami. 4th edition K Ashwathapa. 1997. S Namakumari.
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