The growing importance of standards in sustainable crop protection

J-C Rousseau - Berthoud
25 November 2010

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A few words about the CEMA Regulations on plant protection equipment : an overview Implemetation of European directives on plant protection equipment The growing importance of standards

A few words about CEMA

CEMA Representing the European Agricultural Machinery Industry .

from multinational companies to thousands of European SMEs A strong network of 11 national member associations Recognized partner of the European Commission ► ► ► Page 5 .CEMA ► Only representative of the Farm Machinery Industry in Europe since 50 years Representing the whole industry.

The network of CEMA Page 6 .

The Industry behind CEMA ► ► 4.500 manufacturers 28 billion Euro production value (2008) 250.000 persons employed directly 125.000 Employees ► ► 135.000 persons additional in the distribution network and maintenance ► ► 450 different machine types Page 7 .

Regulations on plant protection equipment: overview .

Regulations on plant protection equipment ► Road travelling rules ► National regulations ► Safety ► Machinery Directive ► ► Since 1995 New MD since January 2010 ( Directive 2006/42/CE in replacement of 98/37/CE)) ► Environment ► Thematic strateguyon sustainable use of pesticides ► Adopted end of 2009 Page 9 .

during and after application ► Amendment to the Machinery Directive ► Pesticides application equipment – new machines ► Self certification Page 10 .Thematic strategy on sustainable use of pesticides ► Regulation revising Directive 91/414 EEC ► Placing of chemicals on the market ► Framework Directive on Sustainable Use of Pesticides ► Use of pesticides ► ► Inspection of pesticide application equipment in use Conditions of use: before.

Implementation of European Directives on plant protection equipment .

The new approach ► Directives « old approach » They set: ► ► ► Objectives Solutions Methods of verification ► Directives « new approach » ► ► ► They set only objectives It is up to the manufacturer to develop the right solutions and methods of verification The manufacturer can refer to standards Page 12 .

Certfication of conformity ► ► It is the procedure that allows to prove that a product fullfills the requirements of a regulation Several options are available ► ► ► Self certification by the manufacturer Third party certification Product quality insurance ► Market surveillance is the key issue Page 13 .

instructions of use) for the residual risks ► He can refer to the harmonised standards to facilitate his task Page 14 .What does self certification mean? ► The manufacturer has to do a risk assessment analysis to identify the risks on the machine and limit them : ► ► ► by design by guarding if not possible by design or by information (marking.

he delivers.What does self certification mean? ► The manufacturer must be able to provide a technical file to the authorities: ► ► ► Drawings Calculations Test results ► The manufacturer has to provide a certificate of conformity to the customer by which he declares that the product. fulfills the requirements of the relevant legislations Page 15 .

The growing importance of standards .

What is a standard? ► ► ► Description of the state of the art on a given subject Developped by concensus between the different interested parties Can be developped at different levels ► ► ► National by national Standardisation Bodies (Afnor. Din. Bsi etc) European International Page 17 .

What is a European harmonised standard? ► ► ► It is a standard that is developped by CEN to support the application of a directive It is publised in the OJEU The conformity to its requirements gives presumption of conformity to the relevant directive ► ► Directive essential requirements Harmonised standards  functional or technical requirements Page 18 .

5 % of the nominal tank volume plus 2 l per metre of the boom.Ex: Cleaning ► Amendment to the machinery Directive ► « The machinery must be designed and constructed to allow its easy and thorough cleaning without contamination of the environment » Tank: depth of roughness of inner and outer tank walls Filters: they shall be easily accessible and filter insets shall be removeable. with the tank filled to its nominal volume. It shall be possible.1 of ISO 13440:1996 shall not exceed 0. to clean central filters without any spray liquid leaking out Emptying: volume:the volume of total residual as defined in 2. Rinsing: It shall have a volume of at least 10 % of the nominal tank volume and at least 10 times the volume of residual which can be diluted Page 19 ► Pr EN ISO 16 119-2 specifications ► ► ► ► .

CEN or ISO) is to organise the work and control the process These organisations are officially recognised by the authorities Page 20 . advisors. authorities participate today in the standardisation work on sprayers Experts participate on a volountary basis but have to be nominated by their National Standardisation bodies for participating in CEN or ISO working groups Countries but also international organisations (FAO eg) can take part in the standardisation work The role of the standard organisations (National Standardisation Bodies.How are standards developped? ► ► ► ► ► Standards are developped by professional experts who work together in working groups ► All interested parties can take part ► Manufacturers. Unoiversities. laboratories.

How are standards developped? ► The process of standardisation has to follow some strict rules that are defined in the CEN and ISO guidelines: ► ► ► ► ► ► Representativity: enough parties and countries have to be represented in the working groups (at least 5 countries according to ISO rules) Consensus: participants have to find the best compromise between the different parties Transparency: participants have free access to all the documents. Fast track procedures are also possible Page 21 . all participants are identified Consultations: internal and public enquiries are organised to collect comments and proposals Voting: standards have to pass several votes at different steps of development before approval Time frame:standards have to be finalised within 3 or maximum 4 years.

How are standards developped? ► Revision of existing standards ► ► A systematic review is organised every 5 years after publication But the revision can be decided at any time after voting Any participating country can make a proposal of a new work item at any time The decision to start the development of a new standard is taken after voting of the participating countries ► New standards ► ► Page 22 .

European standards on plant protection equipment ► Safety ► New Machinery Directive (Directive 2006/42/CE) ► ► EN ISO 4254 part I – general requirements EN ISO 4254 part IV.sprayers and liquid fertilizer distributors Page 23 .

European standards on plant protection equipment ► Environment – Equipment in use (inspection) ► Existing EN standard: EN 13790 (2003) ► Part I : inspection of field crop sprayers ► Part II: inspection of air assisted sprayers for bush and tree crops Framework Directive on sustainable use of pesticides  Revision of existing standard EN 13 790 EN ISO 16122 ► Part I : General ► Part II: Horizontal boom sprayers and similar ► Part III: Sprayers for bush and trees and similar and similar ► Part IV: Fixed and semi mobile sprayers ► Page 24 .

European standards on plant protection equipment ► Environment – New Equipment ► ► Existing EN standard: EN 12761 (2001) ► Part I : General ► Part II: Field crop sprayers ► Part III: Air assisted sprayers for bush and tree crops Amendment to the machinery Directive  Revision of existing standard EN 12761 EN ISO 16119 ► Part I : General ► Part II: Horizontal boom sprayers and similar ► Part III: Sprayers for bush and trees and similar ► Part IV: Fixed and semi mobile sprayers Page 25 .

ISO standards on plant protection equipment ► ► ► ► ► ► 36 standards already published 10 projects in progress Testing methods. systems or components Focus on safety and environmental issues since the last 15 years EN standards refer to ISO standards in many cases Page 26 . performance criteria and limits… Machines. classification scales. coding systems.

ISO standards on plant protection equipment ► More and more EN standards are developped in collaboration with ISO ► ► ► ► Safety  EN ISO 4254 Inspection of sprayers in use  pr EN ISO 16 1122 Environment – New sprayers pr EN ISO 16 119 Knapsack sprayers – safety and environment  pr ISO19932 Page 27 .

and external cleaning Drainable volume measurement ► Distribution ►Test methods and spray deposits measurements Boom ►steadiness Drift ►Measurements and classification of sprayers Nozzles ►Coding. test methods and droplet size measurements Induction hoppers ►Test methods and performance limits Page 28 .ISO standards Safety and envvironment issues New sprayers ►Environmental Sprayers in use ► Inspection requirements Test methods ► test methods for hydraulicc sprayers and volume/ha adjustment systems Cleaning ► test methods for internal.

Sprayers in use ► ISO 5682-2 : Test methods Nozzles ► ISO 10625 Colour coding ► ISO 5682-1 test methods ► prISO 25 358 Droplet size spectra – measurement and classification ► Page 29 .ISO standards Safety and envvironment issues ► ► New sprayers ► pr EN ISO 16119-1 to-4 Environment -New sprayers ► EN ISO 4-1 and –6 Safety Sprayers in use ► pr EN ISO 16 122 –1 to -4 Environment .

ISO standards Safety and envvironment issues ► ► Drift ► ISO 22369-1 Classes ► ISO 22369-2 Classification of field crops sprayers by field measurements ► ISO 22856 laboratory measurements in wind tunnels ► pr ISO 22369-2 : Potential spray drift measurement by use of a test bench Distribution ► ISO 5682-1 Method for boom sprayers measurement ► ISO 22522 Field measurements in trees and bush crops ► prISO 24253-1 and-2 Spray deposits measurements of field crop sprayers Page 30 .

ISO standards Safety and envvironment issues ► ► ► Cleaning ► ISO 22368-1 Internal cleaning of complete sprayer ► ISO 22368-1 External cleaning ► ISO 22368-1 Internal cleaning of tank ► ISO 19236 : test method for the evaluation of cleaning systems – drainable volume Induction hopper ► ISO 21278-1 Test methods ► ISO 21278-2 General requirements and performance limits Boom ► ISO 14131 Boom steadiness.Test methods ► ISO 22763 demonstration tack for field crop sprayers Page 31 .

ISO standards Safety and envvironment issues ► Electronics ► pr ISO 11356 Spray parameter recording for traceability ► Knapsack sprayers ► prEN ISO 19932-1 Requirements and test methods ► prENISO 19923-2 performance limits ► EN ISO 28139 Combustion engine driven knapsack sprayers – Safety requirements Page 32 .

CEN and ISO are officially recognised organisations and provide the best platform for an efficient European and international collaboration between the different parties. Sprayer manufacturers warmly invite all stakeholders to take part to the standardisation work and count in particular on chemical companies. Sprayer manufacturers support the entry in force of the the FWD on sustainble use of pesticides and the amendment to the Machinery Directive that will allow a harmonisation of the legislations in Europe. Sprayer manufacturer will in the future keep on focusing their efforts on standardisation.Conclusion ► ► Sprayer manufacturers and other parties have been addressing environmental issues for more than 15 year through the standardisation process both at European and international level. Page 33 ► ► ► ► . European and International standards will play a signifcant role in the implementation of these European Directives.

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