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Sample Materials Guide 2012

Contact Information
All correspondence and mailings should be addressed to: Cambridge Michigan Language Assessments Argus 1 Building 535 West William St., Suite 310 Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103-4978 USA Phone: +1 734.647.0456 Fax: +1 734.763.0369 certificatetests@cambridgemichigan.org www.CambridgeMichigan.org

© 2012 Cambridge Michigan Language Assessments®

........ and Reading (GCVR) Section.. 5 Writing.. Vocabulary... 4 Scoring the Sample Writing & GCVR Sections.....................Table of Contents Introduction..................................... 6 Passing the ECPE Overall... Cloze......................................................................................................... 6 Writing Section.............. 2 Contents of the Sample Materials....... 6 Important Points to Note............................................................. 5 GCVR................. 8 ......................................................... 3 How to Take the Sample Writing & GCVR Sections................. 5 Interpreting Your Scores........ 6 Appendix 1: Writing Section Scoring Rubric................................................................. 6 Grammar................... 7 Appendix 2: Sample Essays & Comments...................................................................................................................................

ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   2 . It must be noted. It also gives examinees the opportunity to test themselves to see whether their English is at the level required for the actual exam. mark it themselves. and see whether their scores are sufficient for them to attempt the exam itself. We hope that this sample test will help examinees to better judge their preparedness for the exam. however. This guide includes instructions on how to take and score the sample writing and GCVR sections. that the score received on the sample materials do not guarantee that the same standard will be reached during an actual ECPE administration. Some examinees take the ECPE before they have reached the standard required to pass.Introduction The main purpose of the ECPE 2012 Sample Materials and this accompanying guide is to familiarize examinees with the Examination for the Certificate of Proficiency in English (ECPE). These materials should be read in conjunction with the ECPE Information Bulletin. Examinees who intend to take the ECPE should use this guide to complete the sample writing and GCVR sections.

Grammar (multiple choice) An incomplete sentence is followed by a choice of words or phrases to complete it.Contents of the Sample Materials Format and Content of the ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Section Writing Grammar Cloze Vocabulary Reading Time 30 minutes 75 minutes Description Examinees write an essay based upon one of two topic choices. Vocabulary (multiple choice) An incomplete sentence is followed by a choice of words to complete it. NUMBER OF ITEMS 1 task 40 20 40 20 Further information about the format of the ECPE can be found in the ECPE Information Bulletin. Reading (multiple choice) Four reading passages are followed by comprehension questions. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   3 . Examinees choose the correct answer from the printed answer choices. Cloze (multiple choice) After reading a passage from which words have been removed. Only one choice is grammatically correct. Examinees must choose the option that best completes the sentences in terms of meaning. examinees must choose one of four words that best fills a missing word slot in terms of grammar and meaning.

vocabulary. 1. Turn to the writing section on page 1 of the test booklet. Fill out the answer sheet according to the instructions. Gather the test materials: a. Please allow at least three hours of uninterrupted time. stop writing. Stop writing after 75 minutes. 8. Please note that if you allow yourself longer than the time allocated for each section. 3. Turn to the general instructions on page 3 of the test booklet.How to Take the Sample Writing & GCVR Sections It is important to take the sample test under proper test conditions. 4. 5. pencils e. You should take the test in a place with a table and chair that is quiet and free from distractions. turn to the GCVR section on page 6 of the test booklet and begin answering the questions. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. When you are ready. an answer sheet c. 6. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   4 . Read the instructions for completing the answer sheet and make sure that you understand them. Do not take a break between sections. Read the Scoring the Sample Writing and GCVR Sections portion of this guide. reading (GCVR) section instructions on page 5 of the test booklet. Do not reread your essay or change your essay after the 30 minutes has ended. the sample test booklet b. After 30 minutes. Do not change any of your answers after 75 minutes. You should write your essay on a separate piece of paper. cloze. 7. a timing device such as a clock or stopwatch 2. Read the instructions and make sure that you understand them. Additionally. Read the instructions carefully and make sure that you understand them. Follow the instructions for checking your answers against the answer key (included with the sample test materials) and example essays (included in this guide). Once you have read the instructions you may read the essay topics and begin writing. a piece of paper for the writing section d. Please note that you should begin at number 51 on side 2 of the answer sheet. when you take the sample test you should follow these steps. you will not get a true picture of your ability. Turn to the grammar.

If your answer does not match the answer key do not award yourself a point. Compare your answers with the answer key. you should have only filled in one answer on the answer sheet. 3. you should have a completed answer sheet with one answer per question and a completed essay for the writing section. Read your essay and then read each of the sample essays and the comments that accompany each sample. For each GCVR item. This is your GCVR section score. The score of the sample which is closest to yours is your score for the writing section. 2. Writing 1. 4. Read the Interpreting Your Scores section of this guide for an explanation of what your sample essay score means. 2. Please follow these steps. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   5 . Compare your essay to the sample essays and decide which sample is the closest to yours. Add up all of your correct answers in the GCVR section. If your answer matches the answer key then award yourself one point. 3. This guide includes the writing section scoring rubric and ten sample essays. 5. two at each band on the ECPE writing scale. 4.Scoring the Sample Writing & GCVR Sections When you have finished taking the sample writing and GCVR sections. GCVR 1. You should ask a teacher to review your writing and to confirm that you have chosen the right band score. You now need to score the writing and GCVR sections. Read the Interpreting Your Scores section of this guide for an explanation of what your sample GCVR score means.

If your writing meets the criteria of at least a B on the ECPE writing section scoring rubric. cloze. the scores assigned might be different from those that would have been assigned by certified raters and examiners. Writing Section If you have strictly followed the instructions for taking the sample test and your writing meets the criteria of at least a C on the ECPE writing section scoring rubric. The writing section scores you receive when you take an ECPE under examination conditions are determined by raters trained and certified according to standards established by Cambridge Michigan Language Assessments. It is possible that when you review your own writing performance. Scores 77 and below:  You are unlikely to pass the GCVR section of the ECPE under examination conditions and should spend more time improving your English before taking the examination. Cloze. then you have a chance of passing the ECPE writing section under examination conditions. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   6 . IRT scores are not the same as number-right scores. Passing the ECPE Overall Examinees who pass three sections with a Low Pass (or higher) and receive no less than a Borderline Fail in one section will be awarded an ECPE certificate. but there is very high correlation between number of correct answers provided and the IRT scores.Interpreting Your Scores When the ECPE is taken under examination conditions. there is no guarantee that your score on the sample materials will be the same as the score you receive when you take the ECPE. then you are likely to pass the ECPE writing section under examination conditions. you are likely to pass the GCVR section of the ECPE under examination conditions. Although the sample materials are designed to be similar in difficulty to the ECPE and will give you a reasonable idea of how you should expect to score on the exam. 2. vocabulary. Scores 78 – 89:  You have a chance of passing the GCVR section of the ECPE under examination conditions but you may benefit from more lessons or more practice before you register for the examination. If you are able to meet the standards described above then you are probably ready to take the ECPE. or to receive a high score. Grammar. and Reading (GCVR) Section Scores 90 and above:  If you have strictly followed the instructions for taking the sample test. Vocabulary. This method ensures that the ability required to pass a section. Important Points to Note 1. remains the same from year to year. reading (GCVR) section are scored by computer using Item Response Theory (IRT). the listening section and the grammar.

complexly developed • Organization wellcontrolled. good morphological control VOCABULARY • Broad range. with acknowledgment of its complexity • Organization is controlled and shows appropriateness to the material • Few problems with connection • Vocabulary use shows flexibility. and is sometimes inappropriately used to the point that it causes confusion • Spelling and punctuation errors are frequently distracting E • Topic development may be unclear and/or limited by incompleteness or lack of focus • Might not be relevant to topic • Connection of ideas often absent or unsuccessful • Pervasive and basic errors in sentence structure and word order cause confusion • Problems with subject-verb agreement. connection sometimes absent or unsuccessful • Both simple and complex syntax present • For some. fully. morphological (word forms) control nearly always accurate • Both simple and complex syntax adequately used.Appendix 1: Writing Section Scoring Rubric RATING A Honors RHETORIC • Topic richly. but may sometimes be inappropriately used • Spelling and punctuation errors are infrequent and not distracting C • Topic clearly developed. more complex ones tend to be inaccurate • Vocabulary may be limited in range. while others are more fluent but less accurate • Inconsistent morphological control • Spelling and punctuation errors sometimes distracting D • Topic development usually clear but simple and may be repetitive • Attempts to address different perspectives on the topic are often unsuccessful • Overreliance on prefabricated language and/or language from the prompt • Organization partially controlled • Morphological errors are frequent • Simple sentences tend to be accurate. is usually appropriate • Any inappropriate vocabulary does not confuse meaning • Adequate vocabulary. tense formation or word formation • Even basic sentences are filled with errors • Incorrect use of vocabulary causes confusion • Even basic words may be misused • May show interference from other languages • Basic vocabulary words regularly misspelled • Little or no control over sentence boundaries • Spelling and punctuation errors regularly cause confusion ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   7 . appropriately used MECHANICS • Spelling and punctuation errors are rare and insignificant B • Topic clearly and completely developed. appropriate to the material • Connection is smooth GRAMMAR/SYNTAX • Flexible use of a wide range of syntactic (sentence level) structures. syntax is cautious but accurate. but not always completely or with acknowledgment of its complexity • Organization generally controlled.

religions. while in other countries the government offers economic incentives to a couple to have more children. Different cultures.Appendix 2: Sample Essays & Comments On the following pages are ten sample ECPE writing section essays. What factors do you think define adulthood? Support your opinion with specific reasons. and individuals have varying ideas about when a person becomes an adult. Why do governments establish population policies like these? What effects do these policies have? Discuss. Essays 1 through 5 are responses to Prompt 1: Essays 6 through 10 are responses to Prompt 2: Prompt 1 Prompt 2 In some countries the government places a limit on the number of children a couple can have. and give specific examples to support your views. Each essay is followed by sample examiner comments. There is no universal definition of the word adult. legal systems. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   8 .

is usually appropriate and does not confuse meaning Word choice lacks polish in a couple of areas: economic “motives” was used instead of economic “incentives”. Therefor. resulting in a much stronger economy. . if they manage to reduce their population.Essay 1 Rating: A The number of children a couple can have is limited in some countries whereas in other countries.”).. Examiner Comments on Essay 1 This composition is an A-level essay. morphological (word forms) control nearly always accurate There is a wide range of syntactic structures used: “these countries seek to boost their economies even higher by trying to increase the number of people who are employed and pay taxes. these countries seek to boost their economies even higher by trying to increase the number of people who are employed and pay taxes. countries which are highly developed and advanced. couples are offered economic incentives to have more children. this weakness is ameliorated by the other strengths. • Topic fully. The reason why these policies exist are mainly for the situation of the national economy of each and every country. even though they might be paying a small price to increase their population.” • Vocabulary use shows flexibility. . the number of people who seek better education and pay for it. Countries which are underdeveloped and lack major necessities for their people. These strengths make up for the occasional weakness in word choice. they might be able to offer a better living standard for their people. This is why these governments offer economic motives to young people to have as many children as they can. usually can offer all the major necessities to their people in abundance.” Although word choice is not always appropriate. education. • Flexible use of a wide range of syntactic (sentence level) structures. a significant increase in the population can be interpreted as more income for the governments. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   9 . resulting in this essay being awarded an A. and as you can imagine from the examples. health. basic sanitation and food. “and as you can imagine from the examples . complexly developed • Organization well-controlled. . such as employment. This way.”. because they know that. just to name a few. try to limit the number of their population using limits on how many children a couple can have and in some cases placing heavy fines on those who do not comply with these limits. On the other hand.The language is controlled well and it develops the topic well. a significant increase in the population can be interpreted as more income for the governments. “just to name a few .g. they will be receiving a lot more from this increase in the future when these new members of society will be a part of the economy. . and as you can imagine from the examples. resulting in a much stronger economy. appropriate to the material • Connection is smooth The writer selects low frequency conjunctions and uses them appropriately to indicate expansion or elaboration of a point (e. and “living standard” in place of “standard of living. the number of people who seek better education and pay for it.

“make ends meet”. . In addition.. in the countries where the government tries to limit the population. they will need to dwindle the rate of births and in others to augment it. there is vital need to do so. as well. while in other countries the government gives economic incentives so that more children are born. there are the governments which give economical incentives to couples in order to give birth to more children. the number of births should be controlled in each country for its own good. On the other hand. by enacting suitable laws. In such places. but not sophisticated.g. there is pressing need to do so. Hence. etc. but it is otherwise written in relatively simple language. • Any inappropriate vocabulary does not confuse meaning Sometimes word choice is inappropriate (e. as well. is usually appropriate There is some evidence of idiomatic language (e. The vocabulary choices are usually appropriate. This is followed by economic problems as well. In some countries. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   10 . these measure are quite effective. On the whole. usually experience demographic problems. Hence. but it will also be difficult for these children to make ends meet later in their lives. this try is effective and efficient. • Topic clearly and completely developed • Organization is controlled and shows appropriateness to the material • Few problems with connection Connectors are somewhat mechanical: “Firstly. Let us hope that the number of births in each country will be as wanted and expected. so we have smaller families (usually with 2 parents and one or 2 children). “Hence”.. “On the other hand .). The number of the members of a family is dwindled. Overall. Hence. These countries. there are many births every year. There are fewer people who work thus many work-positions are empty and rarely filled. This situation may be quite contradictory but there are reasons why this happens. “In addition”. The ideas are generally connected together clearly for the reader.g. It has some idiomatic expressions. it will not only be difficult to raise children. Of course. In some countries. This means that the elderly far outnumber the young. maybe due to the economic benefits provided. health services.” • Both simple and complex syntax adequately used.”. The fact is that in these countries families become larger and are made out by more members. each family has many members and the economy of the country is unable to handle this situation and afford everything for these children (education. Examiner Comments on Essay 2 This composition is a B-level essay. the government tries to restrict the number of children a couple can have.“to dwindle the rate of births and in others to augment it”) but the reader can understand the gist. . they need to augment the number of children. there is a high rate of unemployment. good morphological control • Vocabulary use shows flexibility. except for the poverty that usually dominates in such countries (for example India). These countries are usually overpopulated or highly-populated and in most cases.Essay 2 Rating: B It is true that special population policies exist in each country. In this case. Firstly. the number of future employees who will help to boost the economy of the country. the essay is well developed. as there are not enough young people to work. The topic is thoroughly developed and the writer addresses both sides of the issue. which are underpopulated. the government tries to limit the number of births and most times. the national economy of each of these countries experience problems. but in both cases they promote their cause with suitable policies. “pressing need”).

“it’s the only possible solution for countries to deal with their current and future hazards”. It’s a common phenomenon in some countries the elderly to outnumber the young people. “couples are obliged to have only one child”. To begin with. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   11 . As a result.. Overpopulation leads to overconsumption and overproduction. It’s generally acknowledged that its population increases more and more so as to be considered as a threat. this is a C-level response due to the shortcomings in topic development.g. On the other. many families face phychological problems from the fact of being prohibited to have more than one children. Apart from money parents lack available time as well in order to be with their family.”). the language lacks precision of expression (e. overpopulation is considered to be a major problem for some countries and consequently governments try to deal with it. It’s true that in contemporaries societies families face financial problems and this deters them from having more kids. this involvement doesn’t seem to be quite ethical but it’s the only possible solution for countries to deal with their current and future hazards. inconsistent morphological control. “deteriorates”. Some governments put a limit on the number of offspring in family..g.” • Inconsistent morphological control There are some morphological problems (e.Essay 3 Rating: C Many governments nowadays are believed to get involved in the couples’ decision of how many children they are going to have. couples are obliged to have only one child. there are several instances where the vocabulary is used inappropriately (e.. but may sometimes be inappropriately used The writer has a broad range of vocabulary (e. we should not forget the consequences of this situation which are very harmful for the environment. • Topic clearly developed. but not always completely • Organization generally controlled • Both simple and complex syntax present • For some. while others are more fluent but less accurate Sometimes. However this solution seems to be the only one effective for solving the problem. In such a case. while at the same time in other countries governments encourage the children’s birth. For that reason. Examiner Comments on Essay 3 This composition is a C-level essay. syntax is cautious but accurate. . Overall. .g. A known example of this situation is China. governments realize that their nation may someday become extinct and ‘try’ to prevent this and create a balance between the low births and the high rate of life expectancy. To sum up. In this way our planet deteriorates as the natural sources decrease in an extremely fast way and what is more.g. The essay is on-topic. but the author’s views are not completely developed and an argument is never clearly established. “phenomenon”). this governments’ policy is implemented in two completely different ways. The writer also makes some grammatical mistakes in this essay. But these errors do not impede meaning: “In such a case. “offspring”. governments realize that their nation may someday become extinct and ‘try’ to prevent this and create a balance between the low births and the high rate of life expectancy. and inappropriate use of vocabulary. “overconsumption”. “it’s true that in contemporaries societies . However this policy can be separated into two different attitudes. in some countries where the birth rate is quite small governments push parents to have more children by offering many economic benefits. With this measure people’s freedom is limited because they don’t have the right to decide about their family. including some run-on sentences. “decrease in an extremely fast way”). Nonetheless. “many families face phychological problems from the fact of being prohibited to have more than one children. However.”) • Adequate vocabulary..

“In specific” • Simple sentences tend to be accurate. a Chinese couple can have only one child. Every each country hase a sum of problems to deal with in order to have a good Function.” “elder people.Essay 4 Rating: D Nowadays. environmental. the language limitations present in this composition are typical of a D-level essay. Moreover. political and so many others.g. but after close reading. mostly from elder people. As long as I know at least China and some other Asian goverments have place limit on the nulmber of children a couple can have. these countries had no other option but to put these limits. Such problems can be financialy.” “countries can have better financials” Overall. A common problem that many Asian and African countries face is the big number of population. In this way. All these children that are born have the need for a home to stay and for food! But. The goverments target is to raise the population and so add the workforce. these countries can have better financials. Word order causes confusion. I cannot agree. • Vocabulary may be limited in range and is sometimes inappropriately used to the point that it causes confusion For example: “big population. “a bad finance situation”. I think it’s unfair. more complex ones tend to be inaccurate The areas of syntactic inaccuracy include subject/ verb agreement (e. the goverments that offers incentives. In specific. Examiner Comments on Essay 4 This composition is a D-level essay. In my opinion. of which one is my country Greece. there are so many countries all over the world.. This right shouldn’t be banned. “China and some other Asian governments have place limit on the number of children a couple can have” . “governments that offers incentives”) and word order (e. Topic development is simple and limited. Everyone has the right to choose of how many members his family can be consisted of. already. Due to that fact the government of these countries offers economic incentives to a couple in order to motivate them have more children. have a big populations and the most of the people are living under bad and unhealthy circumstances.g. these countries. So. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   12 . “…these countries had no other option but to put these limits”). These restrictions have been placed by the goverments in order to minimize the number of population in their country. “their population is consisted”. • Topic development usually clear but simple • Organization partially controlled • Morphological errors are frequent For example: “Such problems can be financialy”. these countries don’t have enough people to work and this results to a bad finance situation. There are many grammatical errors throughout. can motivate people have more children and that is good for the country for the reasons I have already told. But for the goverments that put limits on how many children can I couple have. In conclusion. On the other hand there are some countries that don’t have big population and even more their population is consisted. the governments have to give retirements to their elder populations. meaning can still be retrieved..

g. “there are many countries in all over the world which face to a problem”. On the other hand there are countries like China.Essay 5 Rating: E In our days there are many countries in all over the world which face to a problem of reducing the population. tense formation or word formation • Even basic sentences are filled with errors There are numerous syntax problems (e. “there are countries like China which has rapidly increasing of population”). To conclude. For this reason each country receive measures to solve the problem. On the other hand there are countries like China which has rapidly increasing of population.. Examiner Comments on Essay 5 This composition is an E-level essay. • Vocabulary may be limited in range and is sometimes inappropriately used to the point it causes confusion Every sentence in this essay contains errors.” • Problems with subject-verb agreement. • Topic development may be unclear and/or limited by incompleteness or lack of focus • Connection of ideas often absent or unsuccessful • Pervasive and basic errors in sentence structure and word order cause confusion Many sentences are almost impossible to understand: “In my opinion should the countries which attemp problem of reducing to give motives to a couple borm more children in order to succeed the aim. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   13 . this is an E-level essay. On the one hand there countries like Greece and I think the majority of European countries which offer economic incentives to a couple to born more than one child in order to increase the population. The majority of families which has many children has economic problem and they are very poor. I advocate the opinion that there are experts who should find a solution in each country and to give their knowledge not only in the government but specially to young people. because after years the order may be more than younger. because after the years the order may be more than younger. Therefore. It takes a great deal of effort on the reader’s part to discern meaning. In countries like China should firstly learn young people to be more mature and not to born such children and if it is necessity to place limit on the number of children. The text is quite confusing and a lot of effort is required to try to understand the writer’s intended message. In my opinion should the countries which attemp problem of reducing to give motives to a couple to borm more children in order to succeed the aim. to a young couple. Indian and other countries specially in Asia and in Africa which the government places a limit on the number of children a couple can have because in these countries a couple often has 4 or 5 children.

in order to call somebody so. “maintain a household”. morphological (word forms) control nearly always accurate The writer uses a broad vocabulary that is directly relevant to the topic (“adolescence”. we can’t determine exactly the borderline between adolescence and adulthood-all the above are just for typical reasons. some may have chosen to end their studies and therefore it will be necessary to them to find a job and make a living. we will need to be able to survive on his own. As far as I am concerned. but a younger person than you could be much more capable of “surviving” on his own. All these require a lot of selfknowledge. this essay is representative of an A-level response. It is therefore understandable that age is of no importance. So. But the age after which a person is considered adult varies a lot. depending on the country where you grow up and your nationality. In tropical countries. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   14 . because you’r eighteen or older. The composition is richly developed with supporting examples. concerning anything. In other countries around Europe this threshold is slightly higher or lower. When a person.. complexly developed • Organization well-controlled. “age is of no importance”) demonstrates linguistic resources similar to those of an educated native user of English. He will need to make his own decisions in life. such as getting married and having children. appropriate to the material • Connection is smooth • Flexible use of wide range of syntactic (sentence level) structures.Essay 6 Rating: A Youngsters all around the world are looking forward to the moment when they will be able to make their own decisions in life and act without needing permission from their parents. fully. which will provide you with adequate judjement of what is going on around you and what your position should be in specific occassions. If you really want to grow up.g. which means being able to maintain a household. You may be considered as an adult. “end their studies”. isolated tribes have a tradition of celebrating their children’s “entrance” into adulthood once they are about the age of fourteen. • Topic richly. Examiner Comments on Essay 6 This composition is an A-level essay. “threshold”) The use of formulaic phrases (e.. Although most boys and girls might still be going to college. which is surprisingly early based on our own criteria.g. • Broad range of vocabulary There are grammatical errors—e. • Spelling and punctuation errors are rare and insignificant Overall..g. then you need to ask yourself whether you possess certain qualities. from the most trivial to the most meaningful things. “to them” instead of “for them”—but these are minor and infrequent. maybe even courage. Making decisions also requires some fundamental education. being an adult is all about independence and maturity. or even ten. This requires that he be independent. especially a boy. In Greece an adolescent is considered as an adult once he enters his eighteenth year of age. when they enter adulthood. Consequently. “enters adulthood”) and other idiomatic language (e. enters adulthood he usually leaves his parents’ home and sets out to live his own life. Furthermore. these should be the “requirements”.

The response is directly relevant to the prompt but the topic development is not rich or complex. Different Countries have varying ideas about when a person becomes an adult.Essay 7 Rating: B Nowadays the information available to young people through television. skills. life experience are important as well. To conclude there should be a balance between knowledge and emotional maturity. consume alcohal. internet. In Britain the system is different. There are of course many adults that don’t possess the aforementioned traits but nevertheless they are adults. • Vocabulary use shows flexibility. problem solving skills. There is no denying that the older one gets the wiser one becomes. Examiner Comments on Essay 7 This composition is a B-level essay. the writer demonstrates good control over grammar and syntax. The exposure of children and young people to enormous amounts of information makes them more knowledgeable. the essay has a smooth connection. yet paragraph four gives statements that almost appear contradictory to points made in the previous paragraph: “There are of course many adults that don’t possess aforementioned traits but nevertheless they are adults. For example in Greece you are given the rights of adulthood when you turn eighteen years old. My view is that what defines adulthood has to do with personality traits such as sense of responsibility. good morphological control Other than the occasional missing conjunction (and). ability to cope with stress. The supporting examples consist of listing specific traits and providing general views rather than giving a definite opinion. newspapers. is usually appropriate The composition demonstrates a good range of vocabulary. On the whole though you are considered an adult when you turn sixteen. ability to be independent. magazines is enormous. knowledge. There is no denying that the older one gets the wiser one becomes. curious to try different things and willing to enter the adult world sooner than our parents maybe did or wanted. That means that you have the right to vote.” • Both simple and complex syntax adequately used. the inconsistency in connection. Below the age of sixteen I feel that the emotional maturity is lacking. Furthermore. and lack of sophistication make it a B-level essay ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   15 . they allow you to do different things at different ages. get a driver’s licence. At the age of 18 up to the age of 21 young people tend to have a better balance between life experience and emotional maturity and can make better and wiser decisions. to join the army. especially in the Western World. • Topic clearly and completely developed • Organization controlled and shows appropriateness to the material • Few problems with connection For the most part. although some words and expressions are overused showing some limitation in word choice (“enormous”. limitations in word choice. “emotional maturity”). • Spelling and punctuation errors are rare and insignificant Although the essay shows sufficient evidence of advanced language resources. “wiser”.

• Both simple and complex syntax present • For some. the reader has to reformulate in order to interpret the writer’s intentions (e. only in some exceptional cases. To sum up. but the argument is insufficiently developed to warrant more than a C. as far as I am concerned people should be defined as adults when they are decisive.” • Adequate vocabulary. but in others it is minor. For example. But one thing is sure. It is simply organized. the meaning of adulthood varies from country to country and from culture to culture. Overall. the response is easy to read and is relevant to the prompt. when has self-confidence and he is sure for himself. Also. It varies from country to country. so this supposition that adulthood begins at the eighteen is only a theory because pratically does not exist. In this age. Furthermore. countries in all over the world do not have the same definition for the word “adult”. those who are ready to handle their lives seriously. to vote. but may be sometimes be inappropriately used Some basic words are used incorrectly (e. Whereas. What factors define this meaning. connection sometimes absent or unsuccessful At times. and generally to do things and take decisions that are to be taken into consideration from the government and other public domains. “In this age. the writer repeatedly uses the wrong preposition in the phrase “in the same age. In some regions it has got a serious and important meaning. when they know what they want to do in their own life. with moderate development that is typical of a C-level composition. in different cultures people do not become adults in the same age. “are faced as adults”) but the misuse does not cause confusion for the reader.” This should be “at the same age. to vote. and generally to do things and take decisions that are to be taken into consideration from the government and other public domains. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   16 . one is able to get married.. but not always completely or with knowledge of its complexity • Organization generally controlled. • Topic clearly developed. Examiner Comments on Essay 8 This a C-level essay. adulthood? To begin with. people in the age of eighteen are not well-developed mentally.g. while others are more fluent but less accurate For example. he does not become when he reaches a certain age.Essay 8 Rating: C Nowadays.g. In other words. when they are independent and do not depend on their parents so as to live. one is able to get married. in european countries people are supposed adults when they reach the age of eighteen years old. no matter how mature he is. that someone becomes an adult when he feels it. syntax is cautious but accurate. no matter how mature he is”). in other non-civilised countries people are faced as adults when they are ready and mature enough to take on serious decisions. The response addresses the prompt directly.

To sum up. Examiner Comments on Essay 9 This composition is a D-level essay. for me.Essay 9 Rating: D A matter of considerable controversy is the issue of whether a person become an adult. “Moreover”. but at times requires conscious reader effort (e. manners. education. For example. • May show interference from other languages For example. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   17 . the legal system of the country. until this age the person has passed many experiences at school. the language of the rest of the first paragraph is taken directly from the prompt. For instance. making this a D-level essay. maturity. An adult ought to be serious. I believe that when a person become eighteen year’s old. and having his or her own money to survive in the modern world. has already finished the school and have received some basic education and have mature enough to take decisions for its life. cultures. a person when is eighteen year’s old have a legal paper which offer to him or her the opportunity to take part to every social events like voting for the goverment. “To sum up”) but the composition is generally well organized. Almost every sentence contains an error. the culture. Secondly. it can take a driver’s license and this shows that is really mature and with critical mind. The main weakness of this response is the lack of syntactic control. a person have to have respect to his or her religion. incorrect use of the pronoun “it” in place of he or she or “its” in place of his or her. like seriousness. Moreover. “it can take a driver’s license and this shows that is really mature and with critical mind”). goverment and to be a good model of citizen. a very major factor is to have a job and earn the money on himself or herself and not depend to his or her family. Moreover. has already finished the school and have received some basic education and have mature enough to take decisions for its life. responsible for his or her actions and must receive the all forms of punishments when he or her break the law. “Secondly”. “I believe that when a person become eighteen year’s old. • Vocabulary may be limited in range and is sometimes inappropriately used to the point that it causes confusion The writer does not appear to have the lexical resources to express their meaning concisely and precisely (e. the cumulative effect has a negative impact on the reader. Every country define a person to come of age when the factors that play a really important role is the religion. in family and also its parents must have taught it to communicate with the fellowmen with compromise and friendlyness. In addition. • Topic development usually clear. one other major point that I claim that has great value is the maners with which communicate it with the other people in society. “Thirdly”.. but simple • Overreliance on prefabricated language and/or language from the prompt The first line begins with incorrect use of scripted language: “A matter of considerable controversy is the issue of whether a person become an adult. • Morphological errors are frequent • Problems with subject-verb agreement.” Furthermore.”). Although the errors do not usually prevent the reader from deriving meaning. tense formation or word formation Meaning is retrievable. To begin with. one main factor that define a person as an adult is the age.. the factors what I mentioned are playing a great importance for someone to become and adult.g. • Organization partially controlled The connectors used are quite mechanical (“To begin with”. Thirdly.g.

But what factors define adulthood? On the one hand. the most important is the education of their parent but and friends. By saying. the writer does not have sufficient language resources to convey his or her point of view in this composition. . thereby making this an E-level essay. it is a personal view for define if one children is or not adult. It is consistently difficult for the reader to derive meaning from the composition because of prefabricated chunks of language placed incorrectly throughout the essay. Overall. . In this way. • Topic development may be unclear • Connection of ideas often absent or unsuccessful • Overreliance on prefabricated language Connectors are often used inappropriately (e. So he or she must have the right knowlge and communicated with other people. having done at least 12 year of education. “It is a prevalent and undeniable fact that . • Pervasive and basic errors in sentence structure and word order cause confusion • Problems with subject-verb agreement. ECPE 2012 Sample Materials Guide   18 . Of course. Thus. legal systems and individuals have different ideas when a person becomes an adult. “On the one hand”. a person that is 18 must be considered as one adult from one country but not for other. “As a consequence”.. but I think education. he or she can define the right and the wrong know what he do. It's up to us as a whole to do something. tense formation or word formation For example: “So he or she must have the right knowlge and communicated with other people. the word "adult" for people from different countries must be changeable. Not only do parent have something for their children in the side of education but and goverment should not give permission to children up to one age. they have to deal with sometimes insurmountable problems”. Examiner Comments on Essay 10 This composition is an E-level essay. “To cut the long story short”).” • Even basic sentences are filled with errors The awkward use of scripted language and poor control of syntactic structures causes confusion. I wouldn't fail to mention.Essay 10 Rating: E It is a prevalent and undeniable fact that different cultures. they have to deal with sometimes insurmountable problems.”. that we should work as a whole for solving this situation and not having negative affect To cut the long story short. religions. Furthermore. I think that one child would be adult if he/or she had the basic education. “Thus. As a consequence.g.

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