Rand Robinson KR2

ZS-WEC

FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL
Author: Serge VIDAL

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC

FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL

Revision 0 – 1/12/2001

Revision: 1 Date: 10/03/2002 Applicability: KR2 ZS-WEC only

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RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC

FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL

Revision 0 – 1/12/2001

WARNING

This manual is applicable to the amateur-built Rand Robinson KR2, registration ZS-WEC only. As an amateur-built aircraft, this aircraft does not qualify for the issue of a certificate of airworthiness, and it may not be operated for remuneration. Operate under VMC only.

Maximum permissible engine speed: Maximum permissible airspeed: Kts Maximum permissible mass:

3800 RPM 183 mph/160

450

Kg

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RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC

FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL

Revision 0 – 1/12/2001

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 GENERAL...................................................................................1
1.1 INTRODUCTION
TO THE

KR2......................................................................................1

1.2 APPLICABILITY - REGISTRATION...................................................................................2 1.3 LEGAL LIMITATIONS..................................................................................................2 1.4 LIST
OF AIRCRAFT DOCUMENTS...................................................................................3 DIMENSIONS AND LAYOUT..................................................................................4

1.5 MAIN

1.6 ENGINE.................................................................................................................5 1.7 PROPELLER............................................................................................................5 1.8 FUEL.....................................................................................................................6 1.9 LUBRICANT.............................................................................................................6

2 OPERATING LIMITATIONS...........................................................1
2.1 AIRWORTHINESS 2.2 AIRSPEED 2.4 MASS 2.5 LOAD
BASIS.............................................................................................1

LIMITATIONS..............................................................................................1

2.3 POWERPLANT..........................................................................................................2
AND BALANCE................................................................................................3 FACTORS

– MANOEUVRES.................................................................................3

2.6 OPERATION............................................................................................................4 2.7 LIMITATION
PLACARDS..............................................................................................5 COMPONENT..........................................................................................6 LIMITS...............................................................................................6

2.8 CROSSWIND

2.9 TEMPERATURE

3 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES.........................................................1
3.1 AIRSPEEDS 3.2 ENGINE
DURING EMERGENCY PROCEDURES...............................................................1

FAILURE......................................................................................................1 LANDING...............................................................................................1

3.3 EMERGENCY

3.4 FIRES....................................................................................................................2 3.5 ICING....................................................................................................................3 3.6 RECOVERY 3.7 LANDING
FROM AN UNINTENTIONAL SPIN....................................................................3 WITH DEFECTIVE TIRE ON..............................................................................3

3.8 GLIDING................................................................................................................3 3.9 ELECTRICAL
POWER FAILURE......................................................................................3

4 NORMAL PROCEDURES...............................................................1
4.1 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................1 4.2 AIRSPEEDS 4.3 PRE-FLIGHT 4.4 BEFORE
FOR NORMAL FLIGHT OPERATION..................................................................1 INSPECTION............................................................................................1

STARTING THE ENGINE...................................................................................3

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RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC

FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL
4.5 STARTING 4.7 BEFORE

Revision 0 – 1/12/2001

THE ENGINE..............................................................................................3

4.6 TAXIING.................................................................................................................4
TAKE-OFF...................................................................................................4

4.8 TAKE-OFF..............................................................................................................4 4.9 CLIMB...................................................................................................................5 4.10 CRUISE................................................................................................................5 4.11 DESCENT.............................................................................................................5 4.12 LANDING ............................................................................................................5 4.13 BALKED 4.14 SHUT
LANDING..................................................................................................6 DOWN.........................................................................................................6 THE AIRCRAFT.........................................................................................6

4.15 SECURING

5 PERFORMANCES........................................................................1
5.1 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................1 5.2 CRUISING 5.3 STALL 5.5 CLIMB 5.4 TAKE-OFF
PERFORMANCE...........................................................................................1 SPEEDS........................................................................................................1 DISTANCE.................................................................................................1

PERFORMANCE...............................................................................................1 AND RANGE...........................................................................................1

5.6 ENDURANCE 5.8 LANDING

5.7 GLIDE...................................................................................................................1
DISTANCE..................................................................................................1

6 WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST...................................1
6.1 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................1 6.2 WEIGHT
AND BALANCE.............................................................................................1 LIST......................................................................................................3

6.3 EQUIPMENT

7 DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMS.....................1
7.1 SPECIFICATIONS......................................................................................................1 7.2 INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................2 7.3 AIRFRAME..............................................................................................................3 7.4 FLIGHT
CONTROLS...................................................................................................3 PANEL..................................................................................................4

7.5 INSTRUMENT 7.6 LANDING 7.7 SEATS

GEAR........................................................................................................5

AND SAFETY BELTS.........................................................................................5 COMPARTMENT..........................................................................................5

7.8 BAGGAGE 7.10 POWER 7.11 FUEL

7.9 CANOPY................................................................................................................5
PLANT.......................................................................................................5 SYSTEM........................................................................................................6 SYSTEM...............................................................................................7

7.12 ELECTRICAL 7.13 PITOT

AND STATIC PRESSURE SYSTEMS.......................................................................9

7.14 AVIONICS.............................................................................................................9

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1 INTRODUCTION.......................................2 UNITS OF MEASURE CONVERSION TABLES..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 9 SUPPLEMENTS....................................................................4 CLEANING HANDLING / ROAD TRANSPORT....4 9........1 REFERENCES..................................3 FORM SAMPLE............................... PREVENTIVE AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE....................9 7..3 DISCLAIMER Page 6 .2 AND CARE............15 LIGHTING......................1 SCHEDULE...........................1 9.....................1 8...........................................................................................................16 CABIN VENTILATION...............................................9 8 HANDLING......3 GROUND 8...................................................................................1 8.......................................................RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7......1 9.......................................................................2 MAINTENANCE 8...........................

it can outperform many general aviation aircraft while retaining unequaled fuel economy. .It has no hidden joints. and fitted with a dual electronic ignition system. it has an unlimited life. modified for aircraft use.Properly protected from UV. South Africa.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE KR2 The KR-2 is a high-performance. buckle. Even though the KR-2 has relatively low horsepower. Section 1 – GENERAL Page 1 . .It is easier to inspect and easier to repair. in Port Elisabeth. no water traps.It is not susceptible to thermal stress due to temperature changes. wood. and is far less susceptible to corrosion. or distort. Ground steering is effected by differential braking and a steerable tailwheel. . from plans by Rand Robinson Aircraft. The engine that powers this KR-2 is a Volkswagen 2 liter engine. Its compact external size and extremely efficient design results in superb performance and unequaled fuel economy using a relatively low horsepower engine. . .The structure does not "oil can". or fabric) construction: Contour is maintained under load. The structure of the KR-2 provides some important advantages over conventional (all metal. homebuilt aircraft. ZS-WEC has been originally built by Robert Douglas "Rob" Van der Merwe.It provides excellent insulation and damps noise. ZS-WEC is fitted with dual sticks and rudder pedals. Flight controls are conventional.1 GENERAL 1. USA. .

Manufacturer designator: KR-2 . The aircraft is to be operated under VMC only.3 LEGAL LIMITATIONS 1. 4. As an Amateur Built Aircraft. 2. Maximum permissible engine speed: 3800 RPM 5. Maximum permissible mass: 450 Kg Page 2 .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 1. The aircraft may not be operated for remuneration. Maximum permissible airspeed: 183 mph / 160 Kts 6.REGISTRATION Aircraft registration: ZS-WEC (RSA register) Aircraft type designation: . plans built Design bureau: Rand Robinson Engineering (USA) Original designer: Ken Rand 1. 3.South African register designator: X078 Manufacturing: Amateur. this aircraft does not qualify for the issue of a Certificate of Airworthiness.2 APPLICABILITY .

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 1.4 LIST OF AIRCRAFT DOCUMENTS Permanent:    1 Flight Manual 1 Aircraft Logbook 1 Flight Folio Subject to renewal:    1 Authority to Fly 1 Radio Station License 1 Insurance Certificate Page 3 .

5 MAIN DIMENSIONS AND LAYOUT Overall dimensions Length: Wing span: Fuselage width: Wing Airfoil: Total wing area: Mean Aerodynamic chord: Aspect ratio: Dihedral: Horizontal stabilizer 14'6" / 4.42m 20'8" / 6.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 1.ft / 7.43 m2 [TBC] [TBC] [TBC] Page 4 .30m [TBC] 80 sq.

solid rubber 1.Tailwheel: [TBC] [TBC] [TBC] [TBC] 500x5 100mm. 4 stroke.6 ENGINE Make: Designation: Serial Number: Type: Volkswagen Volkswagen 2000 CU 025430 4 cylinder. 6 Page 5 . composite reinforced 1379.5 kW) Cooling: Ignition: Drive: Output power: 1.6mm / 5.18".4 mm / 54. normally aspirated Air cooled. horizontally opposed.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 Angle of incidence: Span: Landing gear Track: Wheel base: Tire size: .7 PROPELLER Make: Model: Blades: Material: Diameter: Pitch: Hub: holes P.Prop custom 2 Wood.3" Fixed Diameter 131.Main: . with oil/air heat exchanger Dual electronic ignition system Direct drive 65 hp (48.

7 quarts] Page 6 . 75 liters (45 +2x15) approximately 73 liters 1. 100 octane.Cold climate: SAE 10W-40 / SAE 10W-30 Oil capacity: 3. The viscosity should be selected according to the various climatic conditions: . Use multi-grade oils.9 LUBRICANT CAUTION Do not use aviation lubricant! Use only brand name oil marked "SF" or"SG" in accordance with the API system. low lead (AVGAS 100LL).RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 1.Hot climate: SAE 20W-50 / SAE 20W-40 .Temperate climate: SAE 15W-50 / SAE 15W-40 .5 l [3.8 FUEL Approved fuel grade: Total fuel capacity: Usable fuel: aviation gasoline.

2 OPERATING LIMITATIONS 2. and then only with caution Do not exceed this speed in any operation REMARKS VS Stall speed [at gross weight] VA Manoeuvring speed VNO Maximum structural cruising speed VNE Never Exceed speed 45 52 110 126 203 120 138 222 160 184 296 Airspeed indicator markings MARKING kts Green arc Yellow arc Red line 45-120 120160 160 IAS mph 52-138 138184 184 REMARKS km/h 83-222 222296 296 Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 1 .2 AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS Limitations SPEED kts IAS mph km/ h 83 Do not make full or abrupt control movement over this speed Do not exceed this speed except in smooth air. 2.1 AIRWORTHINESS BASIS Aircraft registered in the Experimental category.

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 2.3 POWERPLANT Engine operation Maximum RPM Oil pressure Minimum: Maximum: Oil temperature Minimum: Maximum: Maximum: 3800 RPM 0.5 bar 4.0 bar 60°C 120°C 180°C Cylinder head temperature Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 2 .

Maximum permissible mass: .4 MASS AND BALANCE Mass limitations . is: .15% to 40% of wing chord.rear of the front spar.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 2.5 [TBC] LOAD FACTORS – MANOEUVRES Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 3 .Baggage compartment: 450 Kg 50 Lbs (15 Kg) Balance limitation The Center of Gravity range for the aircraft: As given by the designer. is: .15 to 28 % MAC 2. plus and minus four inches (10cm). . As approved by the South African CAA.

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 2.6     OPERATION Maximum persons on board: 2 Aircraft to be flown solo from left seat only Flight under Visual Flight Rules by day only Minimum equipment: Airspeed indicator Altimeter Magnetic compass Balance ball Fuel sight gauge Oil pressure indicator Oil temperature indicator Tachometer Voltmeter Ammeter Alternator warning annunciator Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 4 .

a) Right hand cockpit wall AMATEUR-BUILT AIRCRAFT .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 2.THIS AIRCRAFT DOES NOT QUALIFY FOR THE ISSUE OF A CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESS AND IT MAY NOT BE OPERATED FOR REMUNERATION b) Instrument panel OPERATE UNDER VMC ONLY MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE AIRSPEED: 183 MPH / 160 KTS MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE ENGINE SPEED: 3800 RPM MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE MASS: 450 KG + Fireproof stamped plate: KEN RAND KR2 X078 ZS-WEC – CW01 c) Baggage compartment Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 5 .7 LIMITATION PLACARDS The following placards must be installed.

9 TEMPERATURE LIMITS CAUTION Do not enter icing conditions! CAUTION Do not operate if outside air temperature exceeds 40°C. since it might affect structural integrity of the glassfiber reinforced plastic skin! Section 2 – OPERATING LIMITATIONS Page 6 .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 MAX.BAGGAGE: 35 Lbs (15 Kg) Secure baggage properly 2.8 CROSSWIND COMPONENT [Not demonstrated to date] 2.

the aircraft situation.1 AIRSPEEDS DURING EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Best glide speed is 85mph – 74Kts – 136 Km/h 3. attention should be shifted to the forced landing procedure. Notify ATC by telephone of your location.3 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 3.OFF 10. 8. Check wind direction for landing. Establish a glide speed of 85 mph . 3. Master Switch .OFF 11. Establish a glide speed of 85 mph .OFF 12. the basic procedures listed below may be a useful guide: 1. Ignition Switches .74 kts . 9. Notify ATC of your location and problem. Carburetor Heat .3 EMERGENCY LANDING 13.OFF.136 Km/h 14. If the engine does not start promptly. Complete the landing and secure the aircraft.74 kts . Pick a suitable landing area and plan an approach. Section 3 – EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Page 1 . If sufficient height available. Magneto Switches .2 ENGINE FAILURE Engine failures are very rare in modern aircraft.ON 5. Fuel Valve . 4. then ON 6. if possible. attempt restarting the engine by entering a steep dive to windmill the propeller 7. Check wind direction for landing. 3. Should an engine failure occur.136 Km/h 2. and location.

7. to direct flames away from the cabin area. 4. Master switch . If. an engine fire exists the following procedures are suggested: Fuel selector . Increasing speed may blow the fire out. Complete the forced landing. it may be engine oil on the exhaust system. Master switch . 5.4 FIRES Engine fire In-flight engine fires in today's modern aircraft are extremely rare. as necessary. and it should be noted that the presence of smoke does not always mean that a flaming fire exists. Select a suitable field for a forced landing. 3. do not try to restart the engine. As an example.OFF All Electrical switches . 6. 2. if possible. Section 3 – EMERGENCY PROCEDURES 2 .OFF Ignition switches . Should an electrical fire develop.OFF Page 1. 2. in the pilot's judgment. 3. Pick a suitable landing area and plan an approach. Side slip maneuvers may be used.OFF Magneto switches . the following procedures are suggested: 1.OFF 8.OFF Establish a maximum safe rate of descent. Notify ATC of your location and problem. 3. Electrical fire Indication of in-flight electrical fires may be wisps of smoke or the smell of hot or burning insulation.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 15.

Ammeter reading positive load [Increased drain current] Section 3 – EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Page 3 . 4.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 4. 3.OFF Proceed to nearest suitable landing. attempt to isolate the electrical problem and turn that unit off. 5.Annunciator switch/circuit breaker tripped OFF . proceed to the nearest airfield or perform precautionary landing.8 GLIDING Establish best glide speed (85mph – 74Kts – 136 Km/h) 3. airport for CAUTION If electrical power is necessary for safety of flight.6 RECOVERY FROM AN UNINTENTIONAL SPIN 1.Alternator annunciator ON . 3. 3. ease out of the dive 3. Wings LEVEL Stick FORWARD Apply full opposite rudder When rotation stops.7 LANDING WITH DEFECTIVE TIRE ON [TBC] 3. 2.Circuit breaker(s) popped . Cabin air vent (s) .5 ICING If encountering icing conditions.9 ELECTRICAL POWER FAILURE Symptoms of electrical malfunction are: .

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 - Ammeter reading negative load [Discharging battery] Voltmeter reading low voltage or high voltage Section 3 – EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Page 4 .

4. CHECK: Magneto Switches Master Switch 3.Pitch response (Sensitivity) is unusually high.The airframe is exceptionally clean (low drag) .L. It should be noted that: .The speeds are unusually high. Section 4 – NORMAL PROCEDURES OFF. before each flight.1 INTRODUCTION Normal procedures are standard. a thorough visual 1. Fuel quantity . OFF. . Page 1 . Approach: Touchdown: 85mph – 74Kts – 136 85 70 mph mph at at S. .As required. S. Extreme caution is to be exerted when flying this high performance aircraft.4 NORMAL PROCEDURES 4. Best Angle of climb: throttle. full full 80 mph 75 mph (wheeled) 55mph (3-points) or 4. Open canopy.The undercarriage is conventional (Taildragger).2      AIRSPEEDS FOR NORMAL FLIGHT OPERATION Best glide: Km/h Best rate of climb: throttle.The aircraft does not have flaps. inspection. 2.L.3 PRE-FLIGHT INSPECTION The aircraft should be given. .

10. 8. and proper inflation). Check right aileron for freedom of movement. abrasions. vent hole clear. Fuel cap secure. 11. WARNING DO NOT OPERATE ENGINE WITH LOW OIL LEVEL. 7. Inspect right fuselage for damage.5mm Max.) 5. cuts. Check propeller for cracks. and security. CAUTION Overfilling the sump may lead to high oil temperature.5mm Max. 13.5mm Max. Check air inlets and outlet for obstructions. Inspect right wheel pant and tire for general condition (wear. and proper inflation). Inspect left wheel pant and tire for general condition (wear.) 18. Check right horizontal stabilizer for damage. Check vertical stabilizer surface for damage. Drain fuel sample from the sump drain(s). Check left wing surface for damage. cuts. 15. 9. Check right elevator for freedom of movement. 16. 6. Check left aileron for freedom of movement. Check rudder for freedom of movement. nicks. Check right wing surface for damage.5mm Max. Check pitot tube and static port for obstructions. 12. abrasions. Check canopy for cracks and nicks. Check lateral free play (3/32" – 2.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 4.) Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page 2 .). Check lateral free play (3/32" – 2. Check oil level. 14. Check cowling for damage and security. 17. Check lateral free play (3/32" – 2. Check rudder vertical free play (3/32" – 2.

Swing propeller clockwise facing the aircraft 9. Master Switch .4 BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE 1.ON. Check left elevator for freedom of movement. 21. control cables) 22. Check all controls for operation.IDLE CUTOFF. Throttle . Check left horizontal stabilizer for damage. 7. Wheels chocked 3. 2. Turn propeller until compression is felt 5. 8. Check MASTER OFF 4. Ignition #1 Switch . Check heel brakes . 6.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 19. 4. Inspect tailwheel (axle. Aircraft tail secured or held by attendant 2.Cracked 1/4".ON. Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page 3 . 3. Check lateral free play (3/32" – 2. 4.5mm Max.5 STARTING THE ENGINE Normal engine start 1. Fuel Valve . 4. Mixture . Verify trim tab location and adjustment for takeoff. Warm up engine at 1000 RPM. 10. Inspect left fuselage for damage.) 20. After engine is running. check to verify oil pressure within 20 seconds.ON.ON.

secondary latch in place. 4. Altimeter . Check nose gear steering and brakes. 2. 11. 2. 5. Engine Run-up: 1700 RPM. Verify correct operation and settings of all instruments and gauges. Radio . 3. Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page 4 . with movement in the proper direction and no binding. Throttle: Full open. 4. 3. Fuel Valve . check ignition. Controls: Lift off at 70 mph.ON. Canopy .OFF 9.ON.As required. 10. 8. 3. Fuel quantities .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 4. 4.Set. 6.As desired. Carburetor heat . Engine instruments: operating properly in the green arc ranges. Controls: Free. Climb speed 75 mph. 7.Locked. 2. 10. Seat belts and shoulder harness: adjusted and buckled. Check ammeter.6 TAXIING 1. Engine: Check idle. Trim .7 BEFORE TAKE-OFF 1. 12.8 TAKE-OFF 1.

11 DESCENT 1. 4. level attitude Stick forward at touchdown Throttle idle Let speed decay to 45 mph. 5 Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page .Wheeled landing.85 mph at S.100 mph. 2.As required. Approach speed 80 mph 2.3-points landing Wheeled landing 1. Trim . 4. 4. Normal . Touchdown main wheels first. then tail down Maintain directional control with the rudder steering. 3.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 4. 6. 8. Brake. Best Rate . full throttle. 9. for stopping. full throttle. .9 CLIMB 1. 7.L.L.10 CRUISE 1. 2. Best Angle .12 LANDING Two landng techniques may be applied: .70 mph at S. 5. Throtlle open to 2200 / 2300 RPM 3. Touch-down speed: 75 mph 4. Airspeed: 80 mph. as required. Power setting: 2500 to 2900 RPM.

4. 3. for stopping. 2. 3.OFF 4. Ignition Switch . 4. Master Switch . 2. Maintain directional control with the rudder steering. All electrical equipment .OFF.OFF.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 3-points landing 1. 4.13 BALKED LANDING 1. Brake. 5. 9. then tail down 8. lift the tail 7. Throtlle idle 5. Intercom . 4. At threshold. Flare 4. 2. airspeed 70 mph 3. Let speed decay to 45 mph.OFF. Touch-down speed: 55 mph or below 6. 3. Approach speed 80 mph 2.15 SECURING THE AIRCRAFT 1. as required.OFF. Chock wheels Tie down aircraft Secure stick Install gust locks 6 Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page . Fuel Valve . Full throttle Establish level attitude 70mph – Lift-off Proceed to climb 4. Stick forrward.14 SHUT DOWN 1.

Install Pitot cover 6. Close and lock canopy Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page 7 .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 5.

1 5.7 5.4 5.2 5.6 5.8 INTRODUCTION CRUISING PERFORMANCE STALL SPEEDS TAKE-OFF DISTANCE CLIMB PERFORMANCE ENDURANCE AND RANGE GLIDE LANDING DISTANCE Section 5 – PERFORMANCES Page 1 .5 5.3 5.5 PERFORMANCES [Chapter to be completed after extensive testing] 5.

46m 0.2 WEIGHT AND BALANCE Empty mass .1 INTRODUCTION Respect of the mass and balance limitations is critical on this aircraft.656 0.3 Kg 0.96 = 0.57 / 30l / 24 Kg Seats location / Passenger mass: 0.96 Kg Firewall 0.Left wheel: .235 / 45l / 36 Kg Fuel auxiliary tanks location and mass: 0. calculated: 0.862x3.46+ (0.Tail wheel: Total empty mass: CG calculation 142.Right wheel: .862 Kg 290.985 / 80 Kg Section 6 – WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST Page 1 .6 WEIGHT AND BALANCE / EQUIPMENT LIST 6.07)/290. Always calculate CG for both beginning and end of the flight.469 Fuel main tank location and mass: 0.46 + 3. since the CG moves rearward with fuel consumption.07m = Datum used: Main wheels location: Tail wheel location: 3.497 to 0.53m CG limits (15% to 28% MAC): CG empty.8 Kg 147. 6.

000 0.800 78. main tank Fuel.857 8.666 0.469 136.235 0.000 0.365 0.4 484.4 0.985 1.000 80.000 80.800 24.000 15.000 MIN 0.000 0.655 Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 2 .497 MAX 0.586 0.646 0.200 78.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Sample calculation table Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 Empty mass Oil Fuel.000 528.646 -0.000 liter mass total 3.571 0.479 -0.460 19.400 45.800 20.000 30.475 341.4 472.400 Mass limit CG limits Arm Moment 0.800 2.357 0.357 450.800 36.656 Main cases calculation People on board Luggage Main tank Auxiliary tank Mass CG A B C D E 1 1 2 2 2 15 Kg 15 Kg 15 Kg 15 Kg 45l 5l 48l 5l 20l 30l 30l - 448 377 528.800 0.985 0. auxiliary tanks Pilot Passenger Baggage Mass (Kg) 291.

3 EQUIPMENT LIST INSTRUMENTS Flight instruments .Tachometer .Transponder (Bendix King) .Voltmeter .Oil temperature gauge .Ammeter RADIOCOMMUNICATION/RADIONAVIGATION .Compass Engine monitoring instruments .Vertical Speed Indicator .Engines Hour counter Electrical system monitoring instruments .Intercom (2-place) .Cylinder Head Temperature/Exhaust Gas Temperature gauge .Provision for handheld GPS (attachment points + 12V power supply socket) Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 3 .Airspeed Indicator .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 6.Altimeter .Oil pressure gauge .Balance ball .Handheld VHF + VOR transceiver (Bendix King KX 99 or Icom IC A22) .

Dual flight controls (throttle on Left Handside only) .Aircraft frame: Wood (Oregon pinewood) . fixed .7 DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMS 7. foam shaping .Closed cockpit .Wings: Wooden spars and ribs. side-by-side .Low wing configuration .Conventional landing gear (taildragger).No flaps .Puller propeller Construction .1 SPECIFICATIONS Configuration .2-seats.Skin: Fiberglass and plywood-reinforced fiberglass [The following drawing shows standard KR2 model construction] Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 1 .

Stall speed . moved forward to improve CG envelope 3 – Dual controls instead of central stick.Cruise speed 450 Kg 290 Kg 160 Kg 52 mph / 45 Kts 200 mph / 173 Kts 180 mph / 156 Kts 7.2 INTRODUCTION ZS-WEC is a standard KR2.Gross weight: .Empty weight: .Useful load: Speed .Maximum speed . built strictly according to the designer's plans.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 Weight . Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 2 . with the following modifications: 1 – Retractable undercarriage replaced with fixed undercarriage 2 – Engine used: VW 2l.

except for throttle and brakes.4 FLIGHT CONTROLS Dual controls. Braking is effected by means of two vertical handles located fore of the main spar.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7.3 AIRFRAME Refer to specifications 7. pilot side. Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 3 .

The panel layout is as follows. 11 13 1 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 14 15 23 16 12 6 6 7 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 24 17 18 19 20 21 22 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 – Trim position indicators 2 – Engine oil pressure gauge 3 – Engine tachometer 4 – Air speed indicator 5 – Altimeter 6 – Magnetic compass 7 – Engine oil temperature gauge 8 – Engine CHT/EGT gauge 9 – Balance ball 10 – Vertical Speed Indicator 11 – Fuel sight gauge 12 – VHF/VOR portable transceiver [Bendix King KX99 or Icom IC A22] 13 – Radio power supply switch 14 – Provision for GPS installation 15 – 12 V DC socket 16 – Engine hours meter 17 – Master switch + Alternator annunciator 18 – Alternator 40A switch / circuit breaker + annunciator 19 – Ignition 1 switch + annunciator 20 – Ignition 2 switch + annunciator 21 – Electrical master switch + annunciator 22 – Fuel transfer pump switch + annunciator 23 – Voltmeter 24 – Ammeter 25 – Circuit breakers 26 – 12V DC socket 27 – Strobe lights + annunciator 28 – Landing light + annunciator 29 – Cabin light + annunciator 30 – Provision 31 . and provisions for night VFR flight.Provision Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 4 . It comprises instrumentation for day VFR flight.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7. and supported by a wooden beam.5 INSTRUMENT PANEL The instrument panel is mounted on the fuselage.

7 SEATS AND SAFETY BELTS Both seats are fitted with 4-point harnesses. then locking the hatch with a key. which are secured to the main spar center section by means of 2 brackets.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7. These harnesses have adjustable waist and shoulder straps. brakes. 7. 7. It is secured from the outside by locking the forward lock through a hatch. It is secured from the inside by two aircraft grade locks. Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 5 . and one release buckle.8 BAGGAGE COMPARTMENT [TBC] 7. wheel pants. Each blade holds the wheels.10 POWER PLANT Oil filling is done through the oil breather. 7.9 CANOPY The canopy opens sideways. using a piano hinge.6 LANDING GEAR Main landing gear The main landing gear is made of 2 blades of spring steel.

. allowing to transfer fuel from the wing tanks to the header tank. balanced flight.11 FUEL SYSTEM The aircraft operates on aviation gasoline.1 wing tanks filler valve. left handside.1 wing tanks opening valve. located below the instrument panel.1 fuel transfer pump. . . . . located fore of the main spar. left hand side. on top of the battery compartment.1 header fuel tank located aft of the firewall.1 wing tanks operation fuel valve. located against the fuselage wall.1 fuel shutoff valve. against the skin. containing 15 liters each. Description The fuel system comprises: . before the instrument panel. Operation To fill the main tank WARNING Check the fuel gauge while in straight-and-level. .2 wing-roots mounted long range fuel tanks. 100 octane. low lead (AVGAS 100LL). left handside.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7. located below the instrument panel. and containing 48 liters. to avoid misreading the sight gauge Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 6 .

A battery.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7. Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 7 . A simplified electrical system schematics is given hereafter.12 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM The aircraft has two electrical sources: .An engine driven alternator. .

2 10A IGNITION 1 IGNITION 2 INSTRUMENTS 10A 10A 1A INTERCOM MASTER 20A FUEL TRANSFER PUMP BATTERY ALTERNATOR Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 8 . 1 IGN.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 TRSP VHF OIL TEMP ENG RPM AMPS VOLTS TRIM TRANSPONDER IGN.

14 AVIONICS Operation instructions for the Bendix King transceiver are placarded on the transceiver. and 1 cabin light. 7.15 LIGHTING Provisions are made for 1 landing light.16 CABIN VENTILATION Two NACA airscoop vents are fitted on the fuselage sides. Pressure transmission: plastic tubing 7. They can be adjusted by turning a knob Section 7 – DESCRIPTION OF THE AIRPLANE AND ITS SYSTEMSPage 9 . 2 strobe lights. KX99 7.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 7.13 PITOT AND STATIC PRESSURE SYSTEMS Pitot location: under the left hand wing.

8.Tailwheel.Propeller. .25-hours scheduled maintenance (Servicing) . Section 8 – HANDLING. PREVENTIVE AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE 8. . . PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 1 .2 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE Scheduled maintenance The maintenance schedule makes provision for 4 intervals: .100 hours maintenance (Major inspection) [Detailed maintenance plan to be completed] On-condition maintenance Items to be maintained depending on condition are: .1 INTRODUCTION The owner/operator is sole responsible for aircraft care and maintenance. All maintenance operations must be documented in the aircraft logbook.Before flight inspection [Refer to normal procedures].Battery.8 HANDLING. .Tires. Standard aircraft maintenance practices must be adhered to.

If damage is apparent due to a crack in the paint or wrinkle in the skin. Do not expose unprotected fiberglass to sunlight for extended periods. For long range transport or shipping. at very low speed. it will show up as a crack in the paint. the wheels must be disassembled and the aircraft secured using the atttachment points. PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 2 . De-laminations are rare. remove the paint around the crack by sanding and inspect the glass structure. it will be smooth and transparent when sanded. If the glass structure is damaged.4 CLEANING AND CARE Composite structure The KR-2 is painted with a primer that contains a barrier for ultra-violet radiation. or an equivalent UV barrier. repair as shown in the KR-2S Construction Plans. it will have a white appearing ridge or notch indicating torn (tension) or crushed (compression) fibers. The high surface durability and high safety margins designed into the KR2S make it highly resistant to damage or fatigue. is required to protect the epoxy and foams from deterioration. This. Section 8 – HANDLING. Do not use enamel or lacquer paint remover.3 GROUND HANDLING / ROAD TRANSPORT The aircraft can be towed on a short distance. 8. The strain characteristics of the material are such that it should not fail internally without first failing the paint layer.). using the tailwheel as an attachment point. If there is glass structure damage. If there is no glass damage. Unpainted areas should be retouched. If the structure is damaged.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 8. due to the proper design of joints (None have occurred on the prototype.

After cleaning. Propeller care Since wooden propellers do not have "metal fatigue" problems. etc. spread the joint. PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 3 . 3. However. Wash with soap and water. DO NOT rub. sand the surfaces dull. they are a lot more forgiving of nicks. flush with clean water. apply wax and buff. you should sand it out and refinish and rebalance the prop. Section 8 – HANDLING. Waxing the propeller regularly will also help protect the surface. If a severe scratch or marring occurs. trowel in wet flox. Grease and oil spots may be removed with a soft cloth soaked in kerosene. Follow directions. The following procedures are recommended: 1. whenever you notice a large nick. clamp back together.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 If a de-lamination occurs (skin trailing edge joints. 5. 4.). as the abrasive action in the dirt and mud residue will cause fine scratches in the surface. Buff with a soft cloth. Flying regularly in rain may erode the leading edge of the propeller. If large deposits of mud and/or dirt have accumulated on the Plexiglas. 2. jeweler's rouge is recommended. Rubbing with your hand is recommended to dislodge excess dirt and mud without scratching the Plexiglas. rub out the scratch. wax the Plexiglas surface with a thin coat of hard polish-wax. Canopy care It is recommended that you keep the Plexiglas in the canopy clean and unscratched. and let cure. Use a sponge or heavy wadding of a soft cloth.

Tires should be replaced when the remaining tread depth reaches 1/16". recharge it on bench and/or re-condition it. These materials will damage the plastic and may cause severe crazing. carbon tetrachloride. Should the battery be accidentally discharged. Battery The battery is a sealed lead-acid battery. PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 4 . alcohol. Tires The tires should be inspected for wear and cuts an abrasions before each flight. gasoline.7 bar Section 8 – HANDLING. It is maintenance-free. or replace it. The proper inflation pressure for the main tires is 40 PSI / 2. Disconnect the battery when the aircraft is not in use for a long period. acetone. lacquer thinner or glass cleaner to clean plastic.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 NOTE Never use benzene.

Gap: .Type: N9YC or N7YC x4 0.Line type x1 Oil filter .Precautions: Air filter .Torque: Fuel filter . fixed Rear: Adjustable.Torque: .Type: Hydraulic pistons .09mm) 3 Kg/m Put anti-seize compound on threads FRAM CA2707 x1 GUD AG 621 2 Kg/m .9 SUPPLEMENTS 9.Grade: Electronic ignition .Type: .Type: GUD Z 80 x1 Engine oil . 15-28 degrees [Adjusted 23 degrees] Undercarriage Brakes .1 REFERENCES Engine Spark plugs .Type: Hondamotorcycles (750/900/1000cc models) .024" (6.Manufacturer/model: Suzuki motorcycles Section 9 – SUPPLEMENTS Page 1 .Ignition settings: Front: 28 degrees.

M10 Section 8 – HANDLING.Outboard: Hexagonal screw.Type: Goodridge GH75 / FA67 Aircraft. M12. no locking x1 Main landing gear strut .Brake pads: Tyres .7.Type: TP 12-7 .2 AH / 20HR Hardware Wheel pants . with tubes. M8x20 + locknut x3 . 500x5.Inboard: Capscrews.Rating: 12v . 4 or 6-ply rating .Sealed lead-acid battery .2 bar Battery .RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 . PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 2 .Inflation pressure: 2.

RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 9.2 UNITS OF MEASURE CONVERSION TABLES [To be completed] Section 8 – HANDLING. PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 3 .

except for voluntary sharing of the aircraft operating cost. Made at [Signed] . Risks are inherent to experimental aircraft operation I hereby: 4. The aircraft is for recreational use only. which is limited to fuel cost and airport taxes and fees. this day of 20 Section 8 – HANDLING. Passengers are taken as an act of friendship and courtesy. The KR2 aircraft. and at their own risks.3 DISCLAIMER FORM SAMPLE [To be imperatively read and signed by all passengers before flight] I. but maintained by the owner to the best of his knowledge and ability 2. and may not be operated for remuneration. ZS-WEC. Indemnify the owner/operator and his nexts of kin for any loss or damage occurred during operation 5. Declare that I have not made any financial arrangement with the owner/operator with regards to payment of the flight. PREVENTIV AND CORRECTIVE MAINTENANCE Page 4 . Airworthiness of this aircraft cannot be certified. been informed that: acknowledge having 1. is an Experimental aircraft. However.RAND ROBINSON KR2 ZS-WEC FLIGHT INFORMATION MANUAL Revision 0 – 1/12/2001 9. 3.

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