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T hc ghita - Bi 1 Trong m nhc c 7 nt: R Mi Fa Sol La Si din t cao.

n t cao. V c lun phin nhau nh th chng ta c th c cc cao nh sau: - R - M F Sl L S R Mi Fa Sol La Si - - R - M F Sl L S 7 nt nhc theo quy nh c k hiu nh sau:

C R D Mi E Fa D Sol G La A Si B

Cy n ghita ca chng ta c su dy, khi m n khng bm g c tnh t trn xung di su dy s tng ng vi: M L R Sol Si M. T by gi chng ta s quy nh 6 dy tng ng l 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Nh vy chng ta m n khng bm g nh dy 1 ta s c nt M, nh dy 2 ta s c nt L, nh dy 3 s c nt R , nh dy 4 s c nt Sol, nh dy 5 s c nt Si, nh dy 6 s c nt M. Nu chng ta nh n bng cc ngn ca bn tay phI th chng c quy nh nh sau: ngn ci nh 3 dy 1,2,3 bng cch bt t trn xung, ngn tr nh dy 4 bng cch mc t di ln, ngn gia nh dy 5 bng cch mc t di ln, ngn p t nh dy 6 cng bng cch mc t di ln.

By gi chng ta s c bi tp 1: Cc bn tp m n, tay tri khng khng cn bm g c dng ngn ci bt ln lt 3 dy 1, 2, 3 tip theo dng ngn tr mc dy 4, ngn gia mc dy 5, ngn p t mc dy 6 sao cho ting ku ca chng r rng, khng b tc v u nhau. Bi ny c th tp t 30 pht n 1 ting l hon thnh.

Cy n ghita c cn c chia thnh tng gi l phm.

u tin chng ta s tp bm phm bng tay tri. Ly dy 1 lm th d: bung chng ta c nt M, ngn tr tay tri bm vo phm u tin ca dy 1, dng ngn ci bt dy 1, chng ta s c nt F. Nh ngn tr ra, ly ngn gia bm vo phm tip theo, dng ngn ci bt dy 1, chng ta s c nt F thng (F thng l th no phn sau chng ta s ni). Tip tc nh ngn gia ra, ly ngn p t bm vo phm tip theo, dng ngn ci bt dy 1 chng ta s c nt Sol. Nh ngn p t ra, ly ngn t bm phm tip theo (hi kh y), dng ngn ci bt dy 1 chng ta s c nt Sol thng.

Bi tp 2: By gi cc bn tp nh phn trn ni, dng 4 ngn ca bn tay tri ln lt bm cc phm ca dy 1, mi ln bm dng ngn ci bt dy 1 sao cho ting ku khng b tc, 4 ln bm v nh u nhau l c. Bi ny tp khong 30 pht n 1 gi. Cao gia cc nt ngi ta gi l cung: Cc bn cn ghi nh iu ny, cha cn hiu lm l ti sao. Cao gia: Mi Fa : l cung. Fa Sol : l 1 cung. Sol La: l 1 cung. La Si : l 1 cung. Si : l cung. R: l 1 cung. R Mi: l 1 cung.

tng cao ln cung ngi ta dng du thng. K hiu l #. Nh vy cao gia F F# l cung. Hay ni cch khc F# cao hn F cung. Cao gia F# - G l cung. Ta c th hiu F# chnh l nt nm chnh gia F v G. gim cao xung cung ngi ta dng du ging. K hiu l b.

Nh vy nt Fb thp hn nt F cung.

Bi tp 3: By gi chng ta tp ln dy n. Cc bn dy 6 nh ln nghe bnh thng, ty tai nghe ca bn thch nghe nh th no th th y, nu mun dy cng ln (ting cao ln), hay trng xung (ting thp i) bn c th vn cht ca dy u n. Tip theo bm phm th 5 ca dy 5, nh dy 5, ri nh dy 6 sao cho hai ting ku nghe ging ht nhau l c. Nu khng ging nhau bn vn cht ca dy 5 iu chnh cao ln hay thp xung. Tip theo bm phm th 4 ca dy 4, nh dy 4, ri nh dy 5 sao cho hai ting ku nghe ging ht nhau l c. Nu khng ging nhau bn vn cht ca dy 4 iu chnh cao ln hay thp xung. Tip theo bm phm th 5 ca dy 3 , nh dy 3, ri nh dy 4 sao cho hai ting ku nghe ging ht nhau l c. Nu khng ging nhau bn vn cht ca dy 3 iu chnh cao ln hay thp xung. Tip theo bm phm th 5 ca dy 2 , nh dy 2, ri nh dy 3 sao cho hai ting ku nghe ging ht nhau l c. Nu khng ging nhau bn vn cht ca dy 2 iu chnh cao ln hay thp xung. Tip theo bm phm th 5 ca dy 1 , nh dy 1, ri nh dy 2 sao cho hai ting ku nghe ging ht nhau l c. Nu khng ging nhau bn vn cht ca dy 1 iu chnh cao ln hay thp xung. Tng kt: Cc bn lm quen vi Nt, Cung, Thng, Ging. Dy n, Phm, Ngn tay no nh dy no ri. Nh bi tp 2 trong phn 1 cc bn bit 4 nt u tin ca dy 1. Cc dy n tng ng vi nt no cn ghi nh. Cui cng cc bn cn thuc lng cao gia cc nt. Ngun: http://haiduongvui.vn/forum/threads/17159-Tu-hoc-ghita-Bai-1-Co-ban T hc ghita - Bi 2 Mi phm n cch nhau 1/2 cung. Nh vy vi kin thc v cao ca cc nt, cng vi vic bit cc dy tng ng vi nt no cc bn c th xc nh tt c cc nt trn n ghita. T v d: vi dy 4 cc bn khng (khng bm g c) s c nt Sol (G), bm phm u tin dy 4, gy dy 4 cc bn c nt G#, bm phm th nh gy dy 4 cc bn c nt A, bm th ba c nt A#, th t - B, th nm - C, th su C#, th by - D, ....

By gi chng ta nghin cu v Trng . Trng chnh l di ca mt nt nhc. V d cc bn nh nt A vang trong 2 giy, trng khi l 2 giy, nh nt E vang trong 10 giy trng khi l 10 giy. Vy lm sao ta bit khi no mt nt nh vang di hay ngn, vang trong bao lu? Trong m nhc ngi ta quy nh di cc nt nhc (hay trng ) bng "hnh dng" (ni cho d hiu!) cc nt. C cc hnh dng sau y: Trn Trng, Trn en, Mc Trng, Mc en, Mc Kp Trng, Mc Kp en, Mc 3 Trng, Mc 3 en, ... (Cc hnh dng khi bn nhn trn bn nhc s d dng nhn ra). di quy nh nh sau: (nh ton hc thi) 1 Trn Trng (di bng) = 2 Trn en = 4 Mc Trng = 8 Mc en = 16 Mc Kp Trng = 32 Mc Kp en. (1) 1 Mc Trng (di bng) = 3 Mc 3 Trng. (2) Vy cc bn t ra cu hi khi gp mt nt Mc en chng hn phi nh di l bao nhiu? Cu tr li di bao nhiu l ty bn thch, mun bao nhiu cng c. Nhng phi lun lun tun th theo (1) v (2), c ngha l nu bn nh nt Mc en vang 10 giy chng hn th khi gp Mc Kp Trng bt buc cc bn phi nh vang trong 5 giy, khi gp Mc Trng bt buc phi nh vang trong 20 giy. i khi cc bn gp mt nt thm mt du chm pha sau, c ngha l nt s c trng bng 3/2 nt khng c du chm. Tr li V d trn, nu bn nh Mc en vang trong 10 giy th Mc en c chm ng sau s vang trong 15 giy (10x3/2=15). By gi chng ta s cp n khung nhc. Mi khun nhc gm 5 dng k nh sau: 1 2 3 4 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cc bn cn ghi nh iu ny: 1. Cc nt nhc c th nm trn dng k hoc gia cc dng k. 2. Dng th 4 bao gi cng l nt Sol (G) (Tt nhin ch dng cho cc bn nhc kha Sol nhng iu ny cc bn cng cha cn quan tm lm g). 3. Cc nt nm lun phin theo th t C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C-D....

Nh vy t 2. v 3. cc bn c th suy ra c rng nt nm gia dng 3 v 4 l A, nt nm trn dng 3 l B, nt nm gia dng 2 v 3 l C, nt nm trn dng 2 l D, ... nt nm gia dng 4 v 5 l F, nt nm trn dng 5 l E, .... Ngoi 5 dng k chnh c th c thm cc dng k ph ngn hn pha di hay pha trn. Vai tr, v tr cc nt c hiu khng c g phn bit vi dng k chnh c. Bi tp 1: Nh vy by gi nhn 1 bn nhc cc bn c th bit c u l nt no, di bao nhiu (tt

nhin ty bn 1 ci lm chun di bao nhiu). Cc bn cng bit trn cn ghita nt nm u. Vy bn ly bt k mt bn nhc no , nhn vo cc nt. Tp gy li cc nt trn n ghita. (Cc bn nn chn nhng bn nhc no mnh quen bit - Nhng k hiu no trn bn nhc cc bn cha bit c b qua. Ch yu l gy li tng nt trn bn nhc cho ngi khc nghe th nu h nhn ra bi ht mnh nh l OK (khng nhn ra th c ngha l tp tip tra tn h cho n khi h nhn ra !!!). Ngun: http://haiduongvui.vn/forum/threads/17160-Tu-hoc-ghita-Bai-2-Co-ban