Chapter 11 419-421

Reasons for Intelligence Testing
 The

modern intelligence testing movement began with Alfred Binet. The French Government dictated that all children must attend school. Binet devised the test to help place special needs children.  Binet thought that children all develop the same but just at different rates, he differentiated between the child’s actual age, and their mental age.

Origins of Intelligence Testing
 Lewis

Terman at Stanford University later revised Binet’s test for students in California and renamed it the Stanford-Binet test which is still used today.

  

Another psychologist derived the term IQ from these tests IQ stands for Intelligent Quotent originally because of its equation: IQ = mental age x 100 --------------actual age Today’s IQ is calculated differently using 100 as a mean having 2/3rds of the population getting between 85 and 115.

Today’s Intelligence
 Intelligence

– mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.  Factor analysis – statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one’s total score.

 Example:

some people might score high in vocabulary might also score high in paragraph comprehension, both would be factors under verbal intelligence. However, many scientists believe in one over-riding factor that helps define all others – General Intelligence. There is a great debate over whether a single score can accurately describe someone’s intelligence.

Multiple intelligences
 See


Successful Intelligence
 Analytical  Creative  Practical

Emotional Intelligence
 Perceive

emotions  Understand emotions  Regulate emotions