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( Reaffirmed 1997 )
SPECIFICATION FOR MILD STEEL WIRE FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES
( Third Revision )
Third Reprint AUGUST 1997
0 Copyrigltt 1978 BUREAU
9 BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI 110002
. RS ( IRON & STEEL ). New SERI A. K. M. CHATTERJEE SHRI K. BHRANY Members Bokaro Steel Plant ( SHRI H. K. CAATTERJEE SHRI V. G. PAREKR ( Alternate ) Central Boilers Board SHRX S. KIJMARASWAMY ( Alternate ) Durgapur Steel Plant ( SAIL ). N. Basu SRRI A.~$IRECTOR Ministry of Railways ( WAQOX )-I. DECZANI SHR~ R. K. JOINT DIRECTOR. C. BISWAS Tata Iron & Steel Co Ltd. S. Guii. RAILWAY ( Alternate ) BOARD Sectional Committee. Keen. Rourkela DR N. Calcutta SHRI B. Howrah Saxr S. Y. RA&IASWADIY ( Alkmatc ) Rourkela Steel Plant ( SAIL ). Durgapur SHRI G. RDSO JOINT DIRECTOR ( MET ). Jamshcdpur Sam P. S..4 Delhi SRRI K. TUDBKAR ( Al&mats ) Steel Re-Rolling Mills Association of India. Bombay DR A. CXAKRAVARTY SHRI M. B~NERJEE Guest.. ASWATH . ROYCEOWDHURY ( AItcmatc j National Test House. S&I S. Bombay ( Continwd dn page 2 ) This publication is protected under the Indian Copyright Art ( XXV of 1957 ) and reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the publisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act. IMATHEJ~ ( AItcrnatr ) Ministry of Defence ( DGI ) SHRI P. RDSO ( Alternate ) Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals. Representing SMDC 5 Modella Steel & Alloys Ltd. V. TANEJA ( Alternate ) JO. Bokaro Steel City \ SAIL J.1978 Indian Standard SPECIFICATION FOR MILD STEEL WIRE FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES ( Third Revision) Wrought Steel Proaucts Chairman DR U. 2. DEY Ministry of Railways DIRECTOR ( M St C ). SINQH ( Alternate ) Mukand Iron & Steel Works Ltd. S. Williams Ltd. K. C. DATAR SHRI K. C. Calcutta SHRI S.IS : 280 .
BANERJEE LT-COL S. Iron & Steel Control.. C. MAEAJAN SHRI J. K. RAMA RAO. MITTAL ( Alternate ) Joint Plant Committee. KASHYAP SHRI S. MAHAJAN Tamsheduur SRRI A. SEN SHRI Y.IS :280-1978 ( Confinued from page 1 ) Representing Members Special Steels Limited. R. Calcutta SHRI M. M. P. Dastur & Co Pvt Ltd. K. M. hS?dyAP Members ADDITIONAL Curer ENQINEER SHRI K. GHOSH ( Alternate ) M. Bhilai SERI M. Produrts The Indian Steel & Wire SERI R. Jamrhedpur Tensile Steels Ltd. KATAIX ( Alternate ) ” . Golmuri SHRI N. DATTA ( Alternote ) Hindustan Shipyard Limited. Ranchi The Indian Steel & Wire Products Ltd. R. Burnpur DR D. BANERJEE ( Alternafe ) Limited. SKTBRAMANY ( Alternate ) The Metal Box Co of India Ltd. SOM ( Alternate ) The Indian Iron 8: Steel Co Ltd. C. KUL~ARN~ SSRI R. K. Calcutta SHRI L. SIKAND S&r K. Visakhapatnam SHRI P. L. Vadodara 2 . Calcutta Ministry of Defcncc ( DC1 ) Modi Steels. Bombay Posts k Telegraphs Department. ISI Panel Convener for Steel Wires for General Engineering SMDC 5/P-38 Purposes. DUTTA ( Alternute ) Laboratory ( CSIR ). C. N. C. R. Bombay DR V. PATEL Special Steels Limited. N. Ds v. Director ( Strut & Met ) Secretary SHRI SRANTI SWARUP Deputy Director ( Metals ). C. SRINIVASAN SERI B. M. KHANNA SERI K. Jabalpur Hindustan Wires Ltd. Metallurgical National SHRI RAGEUBIR SINC+H Jamshedpur Ministry of Defcnce ( DGOF ) SBRI D. N. S. GUPTA SERI M. Modi Nagar Usha Martin Black ( Wire Ropes ) Ltd. K. LAKHIANI SRRI T. PRAMANIE SHRI B. S. VAIDYANATIXAN Director General. SRINIVASULU SERI A. C. MURANJAN ( Alternate ) Bhilai Steel Plant ( SAIL ). MACOTRA SHRI P. P. K. C. Calcutta SHRI K. Calcutta SERI D. LAXM~NARAYANA The Tinplate & Co of India Limited. K. NARA~IMEAN ( Afternate ) Bharat Heavy Elcctricals Limited SHRI A. IS1 ( Ex-oficio Member ) SERI C. KHUL~AR Saztx V.
56 l Ru!es for rounding off numerical values ( revised ). both 0. in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the spccificd value in this standard.1 This Indian Standard ( Third Revision ) was adopted by the Standards Institution on 1 August 1978. after the draft finalized Wrought Steel Products Sectional Committee had been approved Structural and Metals Division Council. in alignment with the nationally and internationally. the final value.1 This standard covers the requirements for mild steel wire sizes 0.1 For the purpose ( Part V )-1975t of this standard. shali be rounded off in The number of significant places retained accordance with IS : 2-1960*. observed or calculated.IS : 280 . TERMINOLOGY 2. 3 . As a result of experience gained during these years.1978 Indian Standard SPECIFICATION FOR MILD STEEL WIRE FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES ( Third Revision ) 0. the definitions given in IS : 19.1 In this revision. of 2. SCOPE 1.3 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with. 0. expressing the result of a test or analysis. shall apply. tGlossary of terms relating to iron and steel: Part V Bright steel bar and steel wire. it has been decided to revise this standard aligning the requirements of tensile properties with the practices being followed in the industry in this field. FOREWORD Indian by the by the 0. 1.125 mm to 12’5 mm diameter for general engineering purposrs. has been specified in terms of adoption of SI units. the tensile strength MPa ( N/mm’).2.2 This standard was first issued in 1951 and revised in 1962 and 1972. 0.
55 400 4’50 shall be l of mm the YOO 5’60 6.400 0.IS : 280 .140 0.315 0.10 8’00 9’00 10’00 11.90 1.wirc rods for general engineering purpoacr.450 0.710 engineering mm 0. permitted on the diameter of wire shall be as given in 8.80 0.25 1.00 1.1 The wire shall 1975t.30 7.50 2.280 steel wire diameters: for general mm 0.5 subject to 6.1 Tolerances Table 1. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES The tensile 8.250 0.2 12. 5. strength of wire when tested shall be within the limits given ). 7.1 Tensile Test accordance with IS : 1521-1972: Table 2.355 0.1 The conform 6.200 0’224 0.! Mild following mm 0125 0.12 1. CHEMICAL 5. SUPPLY OF MATERIAL of mild steel wire shall 3. 4 . TOLERANCES 7.1 General requirements relating to the supply be as laid down in IS : 1387-1967*.00 2’24 2.560 0’630 0.15 3.1978 3. purposes mm 2.80 3. MANUFACTURE 4. 4.160 0. in in *General requirements for the supply of metallurgical materials (Jrrf r&ion +Specification &mild stcel.180 0.40 1’60 1’80 be drawn from the wire rods conforming to IS: 7887.500 0. SIZES S.2 Sizes other than those mentioned above shall be supplied agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer. COMPOSITION for the wires shall requirements for chemical composition to those given in IS : 7887-1975t. SMethods fof’tttisiic testing bf steel wire (&I revirion ).
04 0.1 ) SIZE OF WIRE TOLERANCE* MAXIMUM DIF’BERENCE BETWEEN Two READINGS TAKEN ON ANY Two DIAMETEBSON THE CROBB-SECTION (1) mm All finishes other than galvanized: up to 0.00 up to 1’50 Over 1’50 up to 2’50 Over 2. 0’01 0’015 0.102 0 kgf/mm*.04 0’05 0.25 up to 050 over 0. NOTE be agreed Restricted ranges to at the time of enquiry of tensile strength and order.06 2.IS:280TABLE 1978 1 TOLERANCES ON DIAMETER OF WIRE ( Clourc 7. in case of galvanized wire may 5 .5 percent with a minimum of f 0’025 only to coils of wire.50 up to 1.1 ) CONDITION c TENE:LE STBENQTH. Mpa *--_-_~ Finishes Other Than Galvanized Galvanized (2) 500 Max 550 Max 450-650 600.02 0’03 0.950 (3) 300-550 (1) Annealed Soft drawn l/4 hard l/2 hard Hard 550-900 1MPa = lN/mm* = lMN/m* = 0.05 0’06 2.50 up to 5’00 Over 5-O Galvanized: All sizes (2) mm (3) mm f f f f f * f f 0’01 0’015 0’02 0’03 0.5 percent with a minimum of 0’025 *The tolerancea shall be applicab!e TABLE 2 TENSILE PROPERTIES (CbtU68.800 700.00 over 1.25 Over 0.
The wire shall withstand being bent through an angle of 90” round a former of diameter equal to twice its own diameter without breaking or splitting.1 The galvanized coating of steel wire shall conform to the requirements for any one of the types of coatings given in IS : 4826-19687 as per agreement with the purchaser. copper or zinc ). The wire shall be sound. free from splits. FREEDOM FROM DEFECTS 12. 4 Dull grey ( dry drawn ). h) 18.Wire smaller than 5 mm diameter shall be subjected to wrapping test in accordance with IS : 1755-1961*. the method of drawing representative samples of the material and the criteria for conformity shall be as prescribed in Appendix A.1 Unless otherwise agreed to.3 Bend Test . SAMPLING 11. 11.2 Wrapping Test . 4 Bright drawn. 12.Wire of 5 mm diameter and over shall be subjected to this test. The wire shall withstand without breaking or splitting being wrapped eight times round its own diameter and subsequently straightened. cleaned and limed. 9. rough jagged and imperfect edges and other harmful surface defects. EdTinned. 10. 8. *Method for wrapping test of wire.1 All finished wires shall be well and cleanly drawn to the dimensions specified. surface flaws. COATING and Coated and drawn ( coating may be of tin.IS:280-1978 8.1 The wire shall have one of the following finishes as specified purchaser: by the 4 Annealed. b) Annealed. tSpecificati6n for’galvanized coatings on round steel wires. 6 . f) Coppered. FINISH 9. copper coated or tinned shall be subject to agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer.2 The coating test for finishes other than galvanized. TEST 18. 4 Galvanized.
each coil shall and fastcncd be protected compactly.1. MARKING 14. PACKING 13-l Each If required wrapping.1978 13. l Methodr for random sampling. APPENDIX ( Clause 11. 7 to by . 14.2 BIS Certification size of Marking The product may also be marked with Standard Mark.1968*).1 In any consignment.1 Samples shall be taken from each lot and tested for conformity to the standard. A-1. LOT A-l. shall be grouped together to constitute a lot.1 The number of coils to be taken from a lot shall be according co1 1 and 2 of Table 3. lot number and trade-mark or the name of the manufacturer. A-2. 1986 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder.1 The use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of the Bureau of Indian Standards Act. by suitable 14. 14. These samples shall be taken at random using number tables ( SCI IS : 4905. wire. SAMPLING A-2. all the coils of wire of the same grade and diameter. The details of conditions under which the licence for the use of Standard Mark may be granted to manufacturers or producers may be obtained from the Bureau of Indian Standards.IS : 280 .1 ) A SAMPLING AND CRITERIA FOR CONFORMITY A-l.2. manufactured under essentially similar conditions of manufacture. coi! of wire shall be suitably bound by the purchaser.1 Each coil of wire shall be marked legibly with the finisfl.
These samples shall be tested for all the chemical requirements.1 Tests for Physical Requirements -From the coils selected from co1 1 and 2 of Table 3. If a test piece fails to meet the respective The lot shall be chemical requirement.1 and A-3.1 A lot shall be considered to have conformed the specification if A-3.Unless otherwise agreed. considered to have conformed to the chemical requirements if all the individual test pieces tested for chemical requirements pass the test. it shall be called a defective. A test piece failing to meet any one of the requirements.IS : 280 . A-3. shall be called a defective. OF TESTS FOR CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTS (4) (2) 2 3 5 8 13 (3) 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 A-3. 50 51 .2 are satisfied..1 and A-3. bend. further test pieces shall be selected at random according to co1 4 of Table 3. CRITERIA FOR CONFORMITY to the requirements of A-4. 150 151 .2 ) PERMISSIBLE No. OF COILS IN A LOT (1) up to 25 26 . If the number of defectives found is less than or equal to the permissible number of defectives specified in co1 3 of Table 3. tensile. . 300 301 and above No.wr TABLE 3 SCALE PERMISSIBLE NUMBER OF A-2. OF DEBECTIVE COILS No. the lot shall be considered to have conformed to physical requirements. adequate length of test piece shall be cut from each end and subjected to physical tests.1978 OF SAMPLING AND DEFECTIVES ( Ch. A-4.. surface condition. namely. the following procedure shall be followed for chemical requirements: From those test pieces which have conformed to physical requirements. A-3. wrapping and coating tests. PREPARATION OF SAMPLES AND NUMBER OF TESTS A-3.2 Tests for Chemical Requirements . size.1.. OF COILS FOR PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS I)Io.
9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. 91 11 3239399. PATNA 800013 Institution of Engineers (India) Building 1332 Shivaji Nagar. 20/Q. Bhadbhada Road. Road.323 3375. Unit VI. Andheri (East).P. Site IV. BANGALORE 560002 271085 309 65 28 222 39 71 Reprography Unit. BIS. Uni\~ersityP. L.I.Scheme. 91 11 3239382 Telegrams : Manaksanstha (Common to all Offices) Telephone Central Laboratory : Plot No. GUWAHATI 54 11 37 201083 37 29 25 21 68 76 5-8-56C. Campus. V. Sector 34-A.BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS Headquarters Manak Bhavan. 2389 23 52 51 71 26 23 05 32 36 35 621 17 NIT Building. NEW DELHI 110002 : 1I1 4 CIT Scheme VII M. C. Palayam. Sector 16 A. 62-63. Princep Street. 2nd Floor. Second floor. R. Gupta Marg. Behind Marol Telephone Exchange. No. Unity Building. Sahibabad Industrial Area. Road. FARIDABAD Savitri Complex. 14/l 421. CHENNAI 600113 twestern : Manakalaya. Grant Road. AHMEDABAD SPeenya Industrial Area. EQ. Behind LUCKNOW 226001 Leela Cinema. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM 695034 *Sales office is at 5 Chowringhee Approach. Chitaranjan Marg. CHANDIGARH Southern : C. Sarvodaya Nagar. India . New Delhi. Maniktola.N.C. 670 Avinashi Road. Gokulpat Market. 380001 5501348 839 49 55 55 40 21 40 36 27 21 01 41 8-28 88 01 8-71 1996 Gangotri Complex. Barua Road. Sahibabad 201010 Regional Central *Eastern Offices: 3237617 337 86 62 60 38 43 235 23 15 832 92 95 8-77 00 32 : Manak Bhavan. 43.323 9402 Fax : 91 11 3234062. COIMBATORE Plot No. 1 st Stage.T. Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg. BHUBANEgHWAR Kalaikathir Buildings. PUNE 411005 T. 0. Nampally Station Road. Nagar. T. P. Khanpur. MUMBAI 400093 Branch Offices:: ‘Pushpak’. CALCUTTA 700072 TSales Office is at Novelty Chambers. MUMBAI 400007 . 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. Bangalore-Tumkur BANGALORE 560058 Road. JAIPUR 302001 117/418 B. BHOPAL 462003 Plot No.O. 5th By-lane. CALCLJTTA 700054 160022 Northern : SC0 335-336.T. 116 G. NEW DELHI 110002 Telephones: 323 0131. HYDERABAD E-52.I. $3des Office is at ‘F’ Block. NAGPUR 440010 Patliputra Industrial Estate.29. Narashimaraja Square.T. IV Cross Road.G. 5th Floor. Ganga Nagar. GHAZIABAD 201001 781003 500001 751001 641037 121001 5315 Ward N6. KANPUR 208005 Seth Bhawan. Mathura Road. Naval Kishore Road.
1 TO JULY 1954 IS:280-1978 GENERAL ENGINEERIIIG PURPOSES SPECIFICATION FOR BILD STEkL WIRE fOR (ThirdRevision) Alterations ------ (Page 6. clauses 10.1 The galvanized coating of hot dip galvanized steel wire shall conform to the requirements for any one of the types of coatings givenin IS:482G-1gT9t 4s agreed between the contracting parties.AMENWlENT "JO. New Delhi. 10. The coating requirements for electro-galvanized wires shall be as agreed to between the contracting parties.' (Page 6. foot-note with 't' mm&) . 10.Substitute the following for the existing foot-note: ttSpecification for hot-dipped galvanized coatinrls on round steel wires (first revision) (MC 5) / ReprographyUnit. BIS.Substitute the following for the existing clauses: '10.1 and 10. COATING REQUIREMENTS 10.2) . India .2 The coating requirements for 'finishesother than hot dip galvanized shall be subject to agreement between the contracting parties .
2 APRIL 2002 TO IS 280:1978 SPECIFICATION FOR MILD STEEL WIRE FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES ( Third Revision) ( Page 4. ( Page 4.1) — Substitute ‘IS 1608:1995$’ for ‘IS 1521:1972$’.1 ) — Substitute ‘IS 1387: 1993*’j& ‘IS 1387: 1967*’./lrst $Mecharricaitesting of metals — Tensile testing ( second revision). clauses 4. clause 3. clause 8. AMENDMENT ( Page 6. ( Page 4.1 and 5. (MTD4) Renmmmhv I hi t RIS New Wlhi India . [ Page 6. clause 8. Npecitication for mild steel wire rods for general engincwringpurposes (. revision). footnotes ) — Substitute the following forthe existing footnotes: *General requirements for the supply of metallurgical materials ( second revision ). ( Page 4.No. footnote with (*) mark] — Substitute the following for the existing footnote: *Method for wrapping test for metallic wire (first revision ).2) — Substitute ‘IS 1755: 1983*’ for ‘IS 1755: 1961*’.1) — Substitute ‘IS 7887: 1992~’~or ‘IS 7887: 1975j-’.
3 For all the tests specified in this standard (chemical/physical/others). the method as specified in relevant ISO standard may also be followed as an alternate method.3 NOVEMBER 2002 TO 1S 280:1978 SPECIFICATION FOR MILD STEEL WIRE FOR GENERAL ENGINEERING PURPOSES ( Third Revision) ( Page 3. ‘0.2.’ (MTD4) Reprography Unit.1 ) — Insert the following renumber the subsequent clause: new clause after 0.1 and AMENDMENT NO. India . New Delhi. clause 0. BIS.2.