From ACTIVE to PASSIVE step 1

This is our ACTIVE sentence: My mother buys chocolates every Friday. Find the SUBJECT and the OBJECT. My mother buys chocolates every Friday. The object in our active sentence (chocolates) will be the subject in the passive sentence. And the subject in our active sentence (my mother) will be the 'agent' in the passive (by + person/s). Chocolates (verb) every Friday by my mother.

From ACTIVE to PASSIVE step 2
Now let's concentrate on the VERB. My mother buys chocolates every Friday. BUYS: Present simple. Now we need to replace it with the present simple of the verb BE, is/are. If the subject is singular we'll use IS, if the subject is plural we'll use ARE. Let's go back to our passive sentence: Chocolates are … every Friday by my mother. Now fill the gap with the past participle of the verb BUY, which is bought. Chocolates are bought every Friday by my

From ACTIVE to PASSIVE step 3
Sometimes the 'agent' is not important, so we don't need to write it. They used pencils to complete the exercise. Pencils were used to complete the exercise by them. So, remember that THEY or PEOPLE are not important enough to write them in the passive!! :-) Nothe that 'used' is simple past, so to write the passive voice we write the simple past of BE + the past participle of the main verb USE. Were used.

Revision. Follow the 3 steps
Find the SUBJECT and the OBJECT. Find out which VERB tense is used. Is the 'AGENT' important enough to include it in the sentence?

EXAMPLE 1
My cousin William studied Maths the whole summer. Step 1 My cousin William studied Maths the whole summer. Step 2 My cousin William studied Maths the whole summer. PASSIVE: Maths were studied the whole summer by my cousin William.

EXAMPLE 2
The school will held a Science competition this weekend. Step 1 My school will held a science competition this weekend. Step 2 My school will held a science competition this weekend. PASSIVE: A science competition will be held this weekend by my school.

EXAMPLE 3
Is your brother walking the dog this afternoon? Step 1- Is your brother walking the dog this afternoon? Step 2 - Is your brother walking the dog this afternoon? PASSIVE Is the dog being walked by your brother this afternoon?