10-5 Tangents

• tangent: a line that intersects exactly one point on a circle

Z

• If a radius is drawn to the tangent point, then the tangent line is perpendicular to the radius.

Y Z

And if a line is perpendicular to a radius of a circle at its endpoint on the circle, then you KNOW the line is a tangent !
DUH !

Y Z

If two segments from the same outside point are tangent, then they are congruent. X W

Y

How far is point Y from point X ?

Pythagorean Theorem…
X
6 8

Y Z

• That’s it!

TANGENT !!!