Drug

Action

Indication

Contraindicati on

Dosage

Side Effect

Nursing Responsibilitie s

Generic Name: -Diazepam Brand Name: -Diastat -Antenax -Valium -Vivol

-A benzodiazepin e that probably potentiates the effects of GABA, depresses the CNS, and suppresses the spread of seizure activity.

-Anxiety -Acute alcohol withdrawal -Before endoscopic procedure -Muscle spasms -Preoperative sedation -Cardioversion -Adjunct treatment for seizure disorders -Status epilepticus, severe recurrent seizures.

-Contraindicat ed in patients hypersensitive to drug or soy protein; in patients experiencing shock, coma, or acute alcohol intoxication; in pregnant women, and in children younger than age 6 months. -Diastat rectal gel is contraindicate d in patients with acute angle-closure glaucoma. -Use cautiously in patients with liver or renal impairment,

Adults: 2 to 10 mg P.O b.i.d to q.i.d Children: 1 to 2.5 mg P.O t.i.d or q.i.d.

-Drowsiness -Bradycardia -Hypotension -Nausea -Skin Rashes -Urine Retention -Blurred Vision -Headache -Insomnia -Constipation

-When using oral solution, dilute dose just before giving. -Monitor periodic hepatic, renal and hematopoietic function. -Use of this drug may lead to abuse and addiction. Don’t withdraw drug abruptly after long term use; withdrawal symptoms may occur. -Monitor elderly patients for dizziness, ataxia, mental

depression, or chronic openangle glaucoma. Use cautiously in elderly and debilitated patient

status changes. Patients are at increased risk for falls.