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Dharma (Jainism) - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

Dharma (Jainism) - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

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Published by Aung Kyaw Moe
Dharma (Jainism) - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia
Dharma (Jainism) - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

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Published by: Aung Kyaw Moe on Jun 12, 2013
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Dharma (Jainism) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jain texts assign a wide range of meaning to the word Dharma (Sanskrit: धम) or Dhamma (Prakrit: ध म). It is often translated as “religion” and as such, Jainism is called Jain Dharma by its adherents. The word Dharma encompasses the following meanings in Jainism: 1. The true nature of a thing 2. Rationality of perception, knowledge and conduct 3. Ten virtues like forgiveness, etc. also called ten forms of Dharma 4. Ahimsa – protection to all living beings 5. Two paths – of the monks and the laity 6. Dharma as a dravya (substance or a reality) (the principle of motion)


This article is part of a series on Jainism

Jain Prayers Ṇamōkāra mantra · Micchami Dukkadam Philosophy Anekāntavāda · Syādvāda · Nayavāda · Cosmology · Ahimsa · Karma · Dharma · Nirvana · Kevala Jñāna · Mokṣa · Dravya · Navatattva · Asteya · Aparigraha · Gunasthana · Samsara Major figures The 24 Tirthankaras · Rishabha · Mahavira · Acharya · Ganadhara · Siddhasena Divakara · Haribhadra Sects Digambara · Śvētāmbara Texts Kalpa Sūtra · Āgama · Tattvartha Sutra · Naaladiyar · Sanmatti Prakaran Other Parasparopagraho_Jivanam · Jain symbol ·

1 The nature of a substance 2 Samyaktva - Rationality of perception, knowledge and conduct 3 Ten Virtues as Dharma 4 Ahimsa as Dharma 5 Two fold path of Ascetics and Laypersons 6 Dharma-tattva and Dharmastikaya 7 References

According to Jainism, Universe and its constituents are uncreated Jain flag · Timeline · Topics list and everlasting. These constituents behave according to the natural Festivals laws and their nature without interference from external entities. Mahavir Jayanti · Paryushana · Diwali Dharma or true religion according to Jainism is vatthu sahāvo dhammo translated as "the intrinsic nature of a substance is its true Jainism Portal dharma." Kārtikeyānupreksā (478) explains it as : “Dharma is nothing but the real nature of an object. Just as the nature of fire is to burn and the nature of water is to produce a cooling effect, in the same manner, the essential nature of the soul is to seek self-realization and spiritual elevation.”[1]

Main article: Ratnatraya According to Jainism, Samyak darsana (Rational Perception), Samyak jnana (Rational Knowledge) and Samyak caritra (Rational Conduct) collectively also known as Ratnatraya or the "Three Jewels of Jainism" constitute true Dharma. According to Umasvati, Samyak Darsana, Jnana Caritra together constitutes
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right knowledge and right conduct and engaged in complete self-restraint and penances. 7.e.e. Dharma is the twofold path of Sravakadharma i. Since Dharma as a substance extends and pervades entire universe. 2 of 3 6/12/2013 7:22 PM . and indefiniteness. where mediatation and study of scriptures is their primary duty. It itself is not motion.e. 5.[3] Samyak Jnana or rational knowledge is the right knowledge of true and relevant knowledge of the reality. Adharma (medium of rest). The religion of monks consists of five Mahavratas or great vows. Dharma is one of the six substances constituting the universe. It consists in following austerities.[2] Samyak Darsana or rational perception is the rational faith in the true nature of every substances of the universe. Ahimsa is the greatest Dharma and there is no religion equal to the religion of non-violence. carefulness and controls. the tattvas. kala (time). 3. 2. Akasa (space).htm moksamarga or the path to liberation. Sramanadharma is the religious path of the virtuous ascetics. 6. engaging in right activities and observance of vows. 9. it is also known as Dharmastikaya.[6][7] Sravakadharma is the religious path for the virtuous householders. where charity and worship are the primary duties. 10. 8. it assists the substances like soul and matter to rest. delusion. the path of the ascetics or mendicants. They are endowed with right faith. 4. It incorporates the two principles of Anekantvada or non-absolutism and Syadvada or relativity of truth. the path for laypersons and Sramanadharma i. Adharma is opposite of Dharma i. It helps the matter and souls in movement. Samyak Caritra or rational conduct is the natural conduct of a (soul) living being.e. Right knowledge must be free from three main defects: doubt. The dharma of a householders consists of observance of twelve vows i.Dharma (Jainism) . Pudgala (matter) and Jiva (soul). Supreme forgiveness Supreme humility Supreme straightforwardness Supreme truthfulness Supreme purity Supreme self-restraint Supreme penance Supreme renunciation Supreme non-possessiveness Supreme celibacy Main article: Ahimsa in Jainism According to Jain texts.[8] These substances are – Dharma (medium of motion). but is a medium of motion. the free encyclopedia file:///C:/Users/akmoe/Documents/JAINISM/Dharma_(Jainism).Wikipedia. five minor vows and seven disciplinary vows.[4] The following ten virtues constitute true Dharma [5]1.

3 of 3 6/12/2013 7:22 PM . Ed. Verse 262 . 3. Samaṇ Suttaṁ. Sagarmal Jain. K. K. ^ Acarya Haribhadra. Karma. Prof. ^ Kuhn. K. Sagarmal Jain. Translated Justice T. Jinendra. Prof. ^ Varni. Tukol and Dr. Dixit (1993).K. See Terms of use for details. Wunstorf. ^ *Varni.K. Jinendra. ISBN 81-208-1578-5. Tukol and Dr. Sagarmal Jain. Translated Justice T. Hermann (2001).wikipedia. K. ISBN 3-9806211-4-6. Ed. Translated Justice T. New Delhi: Bhagwan Mahavir memorial Samiti. ^ Jaini.K.. Samaṇ Suttaṁ. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation.K. Translated Justice T. additional terms may apply.K.php?title=Dharma_(Jainism)&oldid=483877910" Categories: Jain philosophical concepts This page was last modified on 25 March 2012 at 18:09.K. verse 296 7. Dixit (1993). Germany: Crosswind Publishing. verse 84 6. ^ Varni. a non-profit organization. 4. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. New Delhi: Bhagwan Mahavir memorial Samiti. Jinendra.Wikipedia. Ed. ^ Kārtikeyānupreksā 2. Prof. The Jaina Path of Purification.htm 1. Jinendra.K. Tukol and Dr. Verse 624 Retrieved from "http://en. Inc. Dharmabindu 8. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.Dharma (Jainism) . Sagarmal Jain. New Delhi: Bhagwan Mahavir memorial Samiti. Samaṇ Suttaṁ. Dixit (1993). the free encyclopedia file:///C:/Users/akmoe/Documents/JAINISM/Dharma_(Jainism). Dixit (1993). Padmanabh (1998). ^ Varni. Samaṇ Suttaṁ. The Mechanism : Create Your Own Fate.4 5.K. New Delhi: Bhagwan Mahavir memorial Samiti. Tukol and Dr. Ed. Prof.org/w/index.

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