Module 22

Objectives At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to: show understanding on the rules of subject-verb agreement. apply these rules in constructing sentences. compose an essay using the correct subject-verb combination.

Rule I. A predicate (verb) agrees with its subject in person and in number. Ex. He agrees to water the plants. The girl puts on her ID upon entering the CEU campus. She sees the signs of God’s grace. They place their things on the flatform when taking a test. NOTE: Singular = S-form verb Plural = Base form verb

Rule 2. A verb should agree with the subject, not with the word/phrase that intervenes between it and the subject. The intervening words or phrases do not affect the number of the subject. Ex. His property, including the two farm houses and a beach, is sold to his brother. Miss Pegenia, as well as the other members of the faculty, was assigned a research work. Centro Escolar University, along with the other members of the Mendiola Consortium, agrees to a “NO INCREASE” in tuition fee. Intervening words as well as along with loaded with together with with including in addition to accompanied by of phrase


Most of the jewelry in the pawn shop has at least 18 k gold. On the other hand. and someone. Every man. neither.Rule 3. anyone. Two-thirds of the class have computers. Everything in this world is for free. Rule 4. 88 . Singular verb is used if the fraction or indefinite pronoun is used in the sense of a unit or if the ofphrase is a mass noun. Three-fourths of the class have scored 80-90 in the exam. Ex. ex. one. nobody. each. somebody. a plural verb is used if the fraction or indefinite pronoun/adjective is a regarded as individuals or if the of-phrase is plural or collective noun. Two fifths of the area is under water. Most of the teachers show their class records to their students. no one. None of the information I received was true. anybody. Some of the meat is eaten raw. anything. Ex. Either of the students has a chance to get a perfect score. some are not. Fractions and some indefinite pronouns/adjectives may either take singular or plural verb. Singular indefinite pronouns require singular verbs. everything. everyone. everybody. Some subjects are difficult. many a one. woman. either. The following indefinite pronouns are singular : another. All of the transportation in Metro Manila has adopted a new coding scheme. and child has a birthday.

. proceeds refreshments Rule remains headquarters riches wages valuables 6. Nouns ending in “s” but singular: physics. works. the verb agrees with the nearer subject. 89 . politics. means. My best friend or his parents are coming to get the card. Neither they nor I am responsible for the loss of your book.nor require a singular verb. Either the children handkerchief inside the drawer.. The news has shocked my family. economics. Ex. neither.. but singular in meaning. mumps.. semantics.or. The proceeds of the show were distributed to the desolate individuals. Physics is my favorite subject. Other nouns that are plural in form require a plural verb even if they are singular in meaning.Indefinite pronouns that may take either singular or plural verbs are the following: Rule 5. mathematics. Ex. summons. or their mother leaves her Ex. either. Singular subjects joined by or or nor. require a singular verb. mechanics. news. Nouns plural in form. If the subjects differ in number or person. whereabouts. His remains have been smoldered. dramatics. civics.

the verb is singular or plural according to the number of the subject that follows. dozen. Over the years. flock. clergy. Relative pronouns “who. team. mob. One of the reasons … One of the students … Rule 8. within a group are regarded. He is the only one in this class who listens attentively. army." A group is considered But if we're talking partying with our friends. herd. squad. assembly. After the expletive there. The word following the phrase one of the (as an object of the preposition of) will always be plural. The jury come in and take their seats. Other examples The jury delivers its verdict. personnel. couple. there stands a towering monument. Who refers to persons. fury. and that refers to persons or things. He is one of the most able representatives who have ever joined this training. Ex. there exist barriers between us. family. that. It has come to our attention that you frequently arrive late. Common collective nouns are class. Individuals acting The family were discussing their problems. pair. orchestra. If only precedes one. Ex. we could say: "A dozen is probably not enough. Ex." "A dozen are coming over tonight. committee. which” referring to plural antecedents generally require plural verbs. Rule 9. the verb in the subordinate clause is singular. we could say. union. group. crowd. Collective nouns are singular when we think of them as groups and plural when we think of the individuals acting within the whole. company. band. audience 90 .Rule 7. which refers to things. Inside the campus. multitude. A singular verb should follow after the expletive it. crew. Thus. if we're talking about eggs.

A number are here to see the president. on the other hand. Thirty thousand pesos is a lot of money. “A number. “Seven Dwarfs” is the name of the new restaurant downtown. themselves. The families kept watch over their herds and flocks. was first used to describe the residents of Oklahoma during the 1930s. names the title of something. it is singular whether the word takes a singular form or not. Ex. Rule 12. but can be plural if the individuals within a numerical group are acting individually." which means many. “Creatures” is my favorite novel. The number of applicants is steadily increasing. Numerical expressions are usually singular. When a noun. can be pluralized: Ex.Collective nouns are count nouns. “Okies. is plural. Rule 11. Fifty percent of the students have enrolled already. Ex. Centro Escolar University has several athletic teams and classes. The number of students in my record is quite big. Ten meters of lace is quite short for the decoration.” which most people regard as a disparaging word. Ex. which means they. We could say: 91 . "The number. A number of students pass the examination. “The Three Sisters” was the best moving company in town." which refers to an arithmetical number is singular. Rule 10.

not I. fruit juice. "River Maya” is my favorite band. Generally. a plural subject can be linked to singular predicate: 92 . Rule 14. Sometimes. She. Not the teacher. the number (singular or plural) of the subject. Ex. The secretary and the treasurer are important positions.” Rule 15. Take note of the repetition of the determiner “the. Ex. make the grades. not the predicate. The segment I like most in the newspaper is the cartoons. and gulaman. A compound subject joined by “and” is singular when the subjects refer to the same person or thing. band names and musical groups take singular or plural verbs depending on the form of their names: "The Mamas and the Papas” were one of the best groups in the 70’s. the verb agrees with the subject used affirmatively. If one subject is used affirmatively and the other negatively. too. When a singular subject is linked to a plural predicate. and plural when the subjects refer otherwise. My teacher and adviser calls us by our first names. but the students. Ex. My favorite dinner is rice with vegetables.The Lemon and Orange is one of the popular band ensembles in the Philippines. Rule 13. is going to replace you. determines the number of the verb.

html 93 .html Challenge Board: Although some subjects are clearly singular or plural. Summary While the subject and verb are bound with rules.html Quiz: http://www. Games and quizzes: Rags to Riches : http://www. some depend on the thought or meaning.Mistakes in subject-verb agreement are the only problem they also have exemptions.

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