By I Gd Ngr Dharma Setyawan, S.Pd Drs.

Hariyanto

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By Dharma Setyawan -Hariyanto

Click the following boxes to observe animation SODIUM CHLORIDE SOLUTION

ACETIC ACID SOLUTION

SUGAR SOLUTION

DATA OF OBSERVATION RESULT -Hariyanto By Dharma Setyawan

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-Hariyanto By Dharma Setyawan

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DATA OF OBSERVATION
NO
1.

SOLUTION
Sodium chloride (NaCl)

CHEMICAL BONDING
Ionic

OBSERVATION
Bulb lights brightly

ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY
Electrolyte

Bubble of gas is produced  Bulb lights but it

2.

Acetic acid (CH3COOH) Sugar (C12H22O11)

Covalent Polar

3.

Covalent Non Polar

is not so bright  Bubble of gas is produced  Bulb does not light  No bubble of gas

Electrolyte

Non Electrolyte

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-Hariyanto By Dharma Setyawan

Classification of solution based on the electrical conductivity
ELECTROLYTE
1. It can conduct the electricity 2. 3. It will be ionized Bulb lights brightly or not so bright Bubble of gas is produced 1.

NON ELECTROLYTE
It cannot conduct the electricity

2. It will not be ionized 3. Bulb does not light Bubble of gas is not produced
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By Dharma Setyawan -Hariyanto

Classification of solution based on the electrical conductivity
Solution PROPERTIES AND OBSERVATION RESULT EXAMPLE OF SUBSTANCE
NaCl, HCl, NaOH, H2SO4, dan KCl

IONIZATION
NaCl  Na+ + ClNaOH  Na+ + OHH2SO4  H+ + SO4KCl  K+ + Cl-

Strong Electrolyte

- Totally ionized - Conduct electricity current - Bulb lights brightly - produce bubble of gas - Partially ionized - Conduct electricity current - Bulb lights but not so bright - produce bubble of gas - Not ionized - Not conduct electricity current - bulb does not light - not produce bubble of gas

Weak Electrolyte

CH3COOH, NH4OH, HCN, dan Al(OH)3

CH3COOH  H+ + CH3COOHCN  H+ + CNAl(OH)3  Al3+ + 3OHC6H12O6 C12H22O11 CO(NH2)2 C2H5OH NEXT

C6H12O6, C12H22O11, CO(NH2)2, dan C2H5OH

Non Electrolyte

By Dharma Setyawan -Hariyanto

THE ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY OF IONIC COMPOUND
NaCl is ionic compound, it will be ionized totally NaCl
(s)

 + water Wate r

Na+(aq) + Cl-(aq)
Process

NaCl
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By Dharma Setyawan -Hariyanto

THE ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY OF COVALENT COMPOUND
CH3COOH is a covalent compound (polar molecule), it will be ionized partially in the water αα+

CH3COOH

 CH3COO

H

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