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House on Fire Final

House on Fire Final

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Published by Anirban Chandra
Reflection on house on fire-subject Indian social and political science
Reflection on house on fire-subject Indian social and political science

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Published by: Anirban Chandra on Jun 12, 2013
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House on Fire-India’s ecological security Undermined

Submitted to:

Prof Vandana Swami

Submitted By: Anirban Chandra(122011) Section B

Submitted On March 30th, 2013

Removal of restriction violates such requirements only to meet global demands. rights of local communities. Exploited Local populace: All these developments did not contribute to the welfare of local-population.Anirban 122011 INTRODUCTION The reading emphasizes the link between the ecological problems. nature of development. Extent and nature of development: we agree on the importance of development in mining. and consumerism LEARNING AND TAKEAWAYS FROM THE READING 1. 6. Coal landscapes of eastern India). policies. We understood the different facades of globalization (demand. 5. crises arising out of it and globalization. 7. and laws to stop the trends during 1970s and 80s after which rampant. And it failed to ensure the access to such materials by its own citizen. industries. and also without substantial contribution on the employment front. import. 2. imports but we need to question the extent. Orissa)contributing 8-10% of GDP but with low growth rate and low per capita income. policies encourage exports. spawned the need for cheap extraction of natural resources keeping the law of demand in mind evident in the urban infrastructure. Effect on Employment and Agriculture: Mining industry decreased the agricultural area. the sustainability. mineral production which had the impact on rural and forest areas with rich biodiversity (bauxite plateau of Goa. Page 1 . the problem is that environmental problems are created faster than the generation of resources to tackle them. 4. power stations. export. unsustainable consumption of natural resources was intensified by globalization. Regulations violated to encourage investment: Even though Environmental safeguards were in place but were violated to encourage foreign Investment and tools like environmental impact assessment (EIA) were eased for private organizations to invest. 3. The historical trend and Globalization: There were examples.(Jharkhand. Even though sustainable development is the official stand in India. Demand driven economy: The pursuit of double digit economic growth. rich in mining resources. Incentives for investment. Reasons of exploiting natural resources. In States. Export Driven Economy: Annual production of minerals shows tendency for exports.

Anirban 122011 8. dislocation of livelihood-situation exacerbated with globalization as it had direct effect on soil degradation. 1% of population) per capita emission and energy consumption is more than the world average. we need a shift in mind-set of citizens and strict implementation of the policies. Page 2 . incentives for sustainable development will pave the way. but it is riddled with problems for implementation. vulnerable workers. CONCLUSION The reading highlights the importance of equilibrium between the Man and Nature through consumption and production for a developing country like India. detergents (non-bio degradable products).3 times energy of comparable world average. along with electronic waste were another impact of consumerism. higher literacy level.Though policies can be in place. agricultural productivity. decreased food grains. We depend on ecologically damaging water dams. Crises: food insecurity. We have more energy consumption in electric appliances like air conditioners. and we have to frame policies to support its own bio-capacity. not according to the ‘right to development’ . stronger and fair media. chemical fertilizers. Indian using twice of what natural resources can sustain.Hazardous waste. with good initiatives is there. according to me. costing 10% of GDP 2. For that. Climate change-CO2 emission doubled since 1985 resulting in increased temperature. 9. and less technological advances in waste treatment made India the dumping ground of the West for deregulated corporate globalization. water shortages.coupled with lack of standards for care for disposal of waste. EFFECT OF UNSUSTAINABLE PATH TO GLOBALIZATION 1. 3.We also have the production process for polluting industries (produced here for consumers in the west-like foreign pharmacy companies). Import Liberalization: Import of hazardous waste(like metal ashes. The richest (with per capita income of more than 30k per month. depleted uranium) for recycling(100 broad kinds of waste). Even though National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). washing machines. proper awareness programs. Consumerism: Globalization leads to change in life style like usage of plastics. Survey by Greenpeace shows a well-off Indian consumes 2. and increased importance of cash crops (resulting in food insecurity). Rules like Hazardous waste rules were with loopholes (like they were not applicable to Export processing Zones).

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