# SOLVING A SIMPLE CURVE Problem 2 Find the length of curve and the station at PT if the degree of curve is 5° and

the central angle is 72°30’. Solve also the radius, tangent distance, external distance and middle ordinate. Use 20 meter full station. Solution:

PI E T PC M C LC

I = 72°30’ T PT

R

R

Solve for the length of curve,

C=

20 I D

C=

20(72°30' ) 5°

C = 290m

Solving for station at PT, Sta @ PT = sta at PC + C

= (1 + 040) + 290
= 1 + 330

Solving for R,

R=

10 D sin 2

R=

10 5 sin 2

R = 229.256

024m Solving for the middle ordinate. T = R tan I 2 T = 229. C = 2 R sin I 2 C = 2(229.256)sin 72°30' 2 C = 271. Solution: C 105.256⎜1 − cos ⎟ 2 ⎠ ⎝ M = 44.Solving for T.374m A 5° curve intersects a property line CD. at point D.690.256⎜ sec ⎟ 2 ⎠ ⎝ E = 55. The back tangent intersects the property line at point C which is 105. I ⎞ ⎛ E = R⎜ sec − 1⎟ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 72°30' ⎞ ⎛ E = 229.720 m from the PC which is at station 0+612.720 m 110°50’ α PC ß θ D PT x Ф O .097 m Solving for the long chord. I⎞ ⎛ M = R⎜1 − cos ⎟ 2⎠ ⎝ Problem 3 72°30' ⎞ ⎛ M = 229. PI (b) Determine the stationing at CD.123m Solving for the external distance. The angle that the property line CD makes with the back tangent is 110°50’. (a) Determine the distance CD.256 tan 72°30' 2 T = 168.

183m Solving for CD: CD 229.183 = sin θ sin 45°30' θ = 57°43' .183 = sin 82°47' sin 45°30' CD = 318.183)(107°27')⎜ ⎟ ⎝ 180° ⎠ C = 429.8 sta @ CD = 1 + 042.490 105.Solve for R: R= 1145.776m Solving for Ф: tan φ = 105.916 D Solving for x: x = 180° − 45°30'−51°43' R= 1145.8m α = 180° − 90° − 24°40' α = 65°20' Solving for ß: Solving for Station @ CD: β = 110°50'−65°20' β = 45°30' Solving for OC: OC = sta @ CD = Sta @ PC + C sta @ CD = (0 + 612.183 φ = 24°40' Solving for α: Solving for C: C = R (φ + x) ⎛ π ⎞ C = (229.720 sin 24°40' OC = 254.720 229.690) + 429.916 5 x = 82°47' R = 229.241m Considering ΔOCD: OC 229.

Route Surveying Unit 2.T.C. What is the stationing of the P. If the transit is set up at the P. and the sharpness of the curve. For next week: Tuesday – continue with the lecture discussion Thursday – Pre Midterm Examination Coverage: Unit 1.T.C.) and new point of tangency (P.Methods of Laying Out Simple Curves Type of Exam: Objective Type. 2. The class will be divided into 10 groups with 5 members each. Railroad and Highway Curves Unit 3.I. The angle of intersection is 34°.2. Write down the things which the group doesn’t understand in a ¼ yellow paper. Determine the stationing of the new point of intersection (P.Instructions: 1. 5. 3. 4. Horizontal Curves -Geometry of Simple Curves . Try to answer problems 4 and 5. Each group will read. Without changing the location of P.C. Write the group’s solution in a 1 whole yellow paper. The curve is to connect two tangents with an intersection angle of 32° and a radius of 240 m. discuss and understand the lecture notes especially the sample problems. which is at station 5+767.? Problem 5 Two tangents intersect at V at station 12+705. The stationing of P. Essay Problem 4 It is required to layout a simple curve by deflection angles. . Remember to list all the names of the group members. Problem Solving. Submit the papers after the class period at the CE Department. is 12+628. it is desired to shorten the length of curve by 50 meters.84.). Compute the deflection angles to each 20 m full stations on the curve.

C. and the sharpness of the curve.60m .Problem 4 Two tangents intersect at V at station 12+705.84m Solve for Radius: R= T I tan 2 R= 77.I. Solution: T V or PI PIN TN I = 34° PTN L1 50m PT PC θ 34° α R Solve for Tangent Distance: T = stationV − stationPC T = 12705. The stationing of P. it is desired to shorten the length of curve by 50 meters.84.T. Determine the stationing of the new point of intersection (P.) and new point of tangency (P. is 12+628. Without changing the location of P.84 34° tan 2 R = 254. The angle of intersection is 34°.84 − 12628 T = 77.C.).

09 .22m Solve for PIN or VN: PI N = stationPC + TN Solve for L1: L1 = Rα L1 = ( 254.Solve for θ: L = Rθ 50 = ( 254.22 Solve for stationing of PTN: PTN = stationPC + L1 PTN = (12 + 628 ) + 101.60 tan 22°45' 2 TN = 51.09 PTN = 12 + 729.22 PI N = 12 + 679.60 ) θ θ = 11°15' Solve for α: α = I −θ α = 34° − 11°15' α = 22°45 ' Solve for TN: TN = R tan α 2 TN = 254.09m PI N = (12 + 628 ) + 51.6 ) 22°45 ' L1 = 101.