Import bans Bribery and corruption Corrupt and/or lengthy customs procedures Seasonal import regimes Restrictive licenses

General or product-specific quotas Rules of Origin
by the importing country

Quality conditions imposed

on the exporting countries

Sanitary and phyto-sanitary conditions

Intellectual property laws Over-valued currency Packaging conditions "Buy national" policy Inadequate infrastructure Foreign exchange controls and multiplicity


Examples of Non-tariff barriers

Labeling conditions Product standards Complex regulatory environment

Quota shares
of an exporting country

Product classification Fixation of a minimum import price Export subsidies Import licenses
Examples of Non-tariff barriers.mmap - 18/04/2009 - Carlos Mondragón

Determination of eligibility

by the importing country Certificate of Origin

Additional trade documents like

Certificate of Authenticity

Occupational safety and health regulation Employment law