REPORTED SPEECH

(Statements and Questions)

‘Reported speech’ is when we say or write what another person said.
• Tenses usually change:

PRESENT PAST
PRESENT PERFECT PAST SIMPLE

WILL WOULD PAST PERFECT

Modal verbs:
some change: can → could may → might must → had to some stay the same: could, might, should

Attention!: must → had to mustn’t → mustn’t

Direct Statements
‘I like going shopping.’ ‘I’m going tomorrow.’ ‘I’ll always love you.’ ‘I passed the exam!’ ‘I’ve forgotten my keys.’ ‘I can’t come.’ ‘I may be late.’ ‘I must go.’

Reported Statements
She said (that) she liked shopping. He told her he was going the next day. He said he would always love me. She told him_______ the exam. He said he _______ hid keys. She said ________ come. He said __________ late. She said _________ to go.

Direct Questions ‘Are you married?’ ‘Did she phone?’

Reported Questions She asked him if he _________. He asked me whether she _____________.

‘What’s your I asked him what his name name?’ ‘Where do you They asked me where I live?’ ______.

MORE EXAMPLES
“ We moved house last year.” >> They said that they had moved the house the year before. “Did you see Jack?” >> She asked whether I had seen Jack.

“What's your address?” >> He asked us what our address was. “We can’t come” >> They said they could not come. “I have finished” >> He said that he had finished.

“Are you typing the fastest you can?” >> She asked me if I was typing the fastest I could.

COMMANDS:
Direct speech ‘Go away.’ ‘Don’t worry.’ ‘Can/Could you help me?’ Reported speech She told him to go away. The doctor told me not______. . I asked the shop assistant ___________ me.