1

Reconciliation of core and log data
In comparison of log, core and well test data number of
issues must be considered an appreciated
• Scaling issues (micro, macro, etc.)
• Measurement physics (linear flow, hemi-spherical,
radial, …..etc.)
• Resolution
• Methods of averaging (arithmetic, harmonic or
geometric
• Depth matching
Scaling issue
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2
Core-log depth matching
Before any comparison between core and log derived
parameters, depth matching must be made
Core-log depth matching is made in number of
ways:
•By comparing gamma ray measured on cores and
gamma ray measured downhole
•By comparing core porosity vs depth and log
porosity vs depth profiles
•Core derived bulk density and log bulk density
•Core permeability and log resistivity
Core-log depth matching by gamma ray
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10250 10260 10270 10280 10290 10300 10310 10320 10330 10340 10350
Depth, ft
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Log SGR Core SGR
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10250 10260 10270 10280 10290 10300 10310 10320 10330 10340 10350
Depth, ft
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Log SGR Core SGR
Before shift
After shift
z=3.5ft
Petrophys¡cs Petrophys¡cs
3
Core-log depth matching by RHOB
In carbonates where gamma ray level is low, comparison
using gamma ray is difficult if not impossible. Using
RHOB-core and RHOB-log sometimes useful for core-log
depth matching
0
50
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150
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300
10200 10210 10220 10230 10240 10250 10260 10270
Depth, ft
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Petrophys¡cs Petrophys¡cs
Core-log depth matching by RHOB
2
2.1
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3
10200 10210 10220 10230 10240 10250 10260 10270 10280 10290 10300
Depth, ft
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Log RHOB Core RHOB
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2.1
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2.8
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3
10200 10210 10220 10230 10240 10250 10260 10270 10280 10290 10300
Depth, ft
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LogRHOB CoreRHOB
Before shift
After shift, z=4.5ft
Petrophys¡cs Petrophys¡cs

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