Calcimetery The discrimination between limestone and dolomite or the identification of rare carbonate minerals may be very important

in well-to-well correlation. Sometimes the client wants to know the proportions of calcite, dolomite and non-carbonate material in a section of mixed carbonates. This requires the use of a calcimeter. The calcimeter is a simple gas reaction cell in which carbonates react with hydrochloric acid to produce carbon dioxide. CaCO3 + 2HCl -> Ca(Cl)2 + CO2 + H2O Or CaMg(CO3)2 + 4 HCl -> CaCl2 + MgCl2 + 2CO2 +2H2O

To do calcimetery: 1. Ground up some sample from the metal tray using a mortar and pestle. 2. Weigh 0.5 gram of sample. 3. Place the sample into the reaction cell. 4. Put 10 ml of dilute 10% HCl into the plastic basket. 5. Lower the basket into the reaction cell. 6. Carefully close the reaction cell. 7. Close the knob. 8. Tip the reaction cell so that the HCl will spill and react with the sample. Shake vigorously.

9. Record the amount of calcite and dolomite as read from the chart. Dolomite reacts much less actively than calcite with HCl. Because of this, it is possible to recognize the two phases of gas evolution: early from calcite and late from dolomite. Calcite will give a steeper curve. Where the curve starts to change its slope that is where the reading for dolomite is taken.
Courtesy of James Bujang S

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