a,½Ic&pfawmf\ tHhMozG,foufawmfpOf

a,½Ic&pfawmfonf vGecf ahJ omESpaf ygif;rsm;pGmu touf&iS af exdik cf ahJ om
omrefvlom;wpfOD;rQomr[kwfyg/ or®musrf;pmvmt& olonf zefqif;½Sif
bk&m;ocifjzpf½HkrQru vlom;tm;vHk;wdkYudk tjypf? pmwef\ aoG;aqmifrIESifh
aojcif;w&m;wdkYrS u,fwif&eftwGuf toufaoG;udkay;qyf&ef þurÇmajr
ay:wGif vlom;wpfOD;tjzpfaexdkifcJholjzpfonf/ olonf ,aeYwdkiftouf&Sif
aeí olYxo
H Ykd vma&muforl eS o
f rQ xm0&toufwmudk ay;pGr;f Edik o
f jl zpfonf/
a,½Ic&pfawmftm; vufcH&ef (odkY) jiif;y,f&efonf uREfkyfwdkY\b0
(odkY) aojcif;w&m;ESifh qufpyfaeayonf/ ]]om;awmfudk&aomolonf
toufudk&\/ bk&m;ocif\om;awmfudk r&aomolrlum; toufudkr&}}
(1 a,m[ef 5;12) ]]ocifa,½IrSwpfyg; tb,folrQ u,fwifjcif;trIudk
rjyKEdkif/ xdkocif\emrawmfrSwpfyg; igwdkYudku,fwifEdkifaom emrwpfpHk
wpfckrQ aumif;uifatmufvlwdkYtay:wGifr½Sd}} (wrefawmf 4;12)
a,½Ic&pfawmf\ tHhMozG,foufawmfpOfudk zwf½Ijcif;jzifh bk&m;ocif\
ppfrSefaombkef;wefcdk; oifhtay:üxif½Sm;ygap/ ]]xm0&toufwm &½Sdjcif;rl
um; ppfreS af om? wpfqw
l nf;aom bk&m;ocifjzpfawmfral om ud,
k af wmfu¤kd if;?
apvTwfawmfrlaom a,½Ic&pfudk¤if; oduRrf;jcif;aywnf;}} (a,m[ef 17;3)
a,½Itm; u,fwif&SifESifhociftjzpf oif\ESvHk;tdrf0,f vufcHNyD;NyDvm;/
vufrcHao;ygu ,aeYyif vufcHvdkufavQmufyg/
usr;f csurf sm;udk q&m,k'oefjyefqakd om or®musr;f rS xkwEf w
k x
f m;onf/
tzHk;'DZdkif; - Edwin B. Wallace
bk&m;ocif\ EIwfuywfawmfudk ,ckxufydkrdkavhvmvdkygu
WMP, Inc.
P.O.Box. 120, New Paris
Indiana 46553 - 0120.
U.S.A.

a,½Ionf vlUtjzpfrcH,lrDuyif wnf½SdcJhjcif;
tptOD;ü EIwu
f ywfawmf½\
dS / EIwu
f ywfawmfonf bk&m;ocifEiS t
hf wl
½Sdawmfrlí bk&m;ocifvnf; jzpfawmfrl\/ xdkEIwfuywfawmfonf tptOD;ü
bk&m;ocifESifhtwl½Sd\/ cyfodrf;aomt&mwdkYudkvnf; zefqif;awmfrlí
EIwfuywfawmfzefqif;jcif;rS uif;vGwfaomt&m[lí wpfpHkwpfckrQr½Sd/
EIwu
f ywfawmfonf vlYZmwdtjzpfuckd ,
H íl aus;Zl;awmfEiS ¤hf if;? opömawmfEiS ¤hf if;
(a,m[ef 1;1-3?14)
jynfhpHkvsuf igwdkYwGifwnfaeawmfrl\/
a,½Ionfcyfodrf;aomt&mwdkYudk zefqif;awmfrlí t&mcyfodrf;wdkYonf
vnf; xdo
k ciftzdYk imS zefqif;vsujf zpfMu\/ olonf cyford ;f aomt&mrjzpfrDS
(aumavmoJ 1;16-17)
wnf½Sdawmfrl\/
a½S;vGeaf vNy;D aomtcg ya&mzufrsm;tm;jzifh bd;k ab;wdYktm; enf;rsK;d pHjk zifh
Asm'dwaf y;awmfral om bk&m;ocifonf þaemufq;kH umvüvnf; rdro
d m;awmf
tm;jzifhigwdkYtm; Asm'dwfay;awmfrlNyD/ xdkom;awmftm;tvHk;pHkwdkY\ tarGcH
ocift&mü cefYxm;awmfrlNyD; þurÇmavmuudk zefqif;olvnf;jzpf\/
(a[NAJ 1;1-2)
a,½Iuvnf; ]]igtrSeftuefqdkonfum;? tmjA[HrjzpfrDS igjzpf\}}
(a,m[ef 8;58)
[k rdefYawmfrl\/
om;awmfa,½Iudkum; ]]tdkbk&m;ocif? udk,fawmf\yv’ifonf edpö
xm0&yv’ifjzpfyg\/}} wzefusrf;pmvmonfrSm ]]tdkxm0&bk&m;? udk,fawmf
onfOD;pGmü þurÇmajrBuD;udkwnfawmfrlí rdk;aumif;uifonfvnf;
udk,fawmf\vufawmfESifh zefqif;aomt&mjzpfawmfrl\/}}
(a[NAJ 1;8?10)

odkY qufoG,fpHkprf;Edkifygonf/
1

ya&mzufrsm;u a,½IarG;zGm;rnfhtaMumif;
a[mMum;jcif;

a,½Iaumif;uifbHkudk pGefYcGmí vlUtjzpf
cH,lawmfrljcif;

]]xm0&bk&m;onf udk,fawmfwdkif edrdwfvu©Pmudk oifwdkYtm;ay;awmf
rlrnf/ Munfh½Iavmh/ owdkYorD;unmonfy#doaE¨pGJ,lNyD; om;a,musfm;udk
(a[&Sm, 7;14)
zGm;jrifí {rmaEGv[k rSnfhac:vwåHU/}}
]]td k A uf v if {z&uf N rd K U? tpd k ; &aom,k ' Nrd K Uwd k Y w G i f oif o nf
NrdKUi,fNrdKU,kwf jzpfaomfvnf; £oa&vtrsKd;udk tkyfpdk;&aomocifonf
ightzdkY oifwdkY\txJrSm ay:xGef;vwåHU/ xdkocifonf a&S;cwfurÇmrSpí
(rdu©m 5;2)
ay:xGef;aomocifjzpf\}}
]]taMumif;rlum; igwdkYtbdkY oli,fudkzGm;jrif\/ igwdkYtm; om;awmfudk
oem;awmfrl\/ xdkolonf tkyfpdk;jcif;tmPmpuf&Sdvdrfhrnf/ emrawmfrlum;
tHhMozG,f? wdkifyifzuf? wefcdk;BuD;aom bk&m;ocif? xm0&tz? Nidrfoufjcif;
t&Sif[k ac:a0:orkwfjcif;udk cHawmfrlvdrfhrnf/ tmPmawmfwdk;wufjcif;ESifh
(a[&Sm, 9;6-7)
Nidrfoufawmfrljcif;onf edpötNrJ½Sdvdrfhrnf/}}
xdkolonf olwpfyg;ursufESmvTJí rxDrJhjrifjyKjcif;cH&aomol?
,kwfnHholtjzpf NidKjiifcH&ol? emusifjcif;a0'emESifh uRrf;0ifaomoljzpf\/
olonf igwdYk\tema&m*ga0'emESihf ylaqG;rIrsm;udk cH,al omfvnf; bk&m;ocif
qkH;rí 'Pfcwfawmfrljcif;udk¤if;? ESdrfhcsawmfrljcif;udk¤if; cH&oltjzpf
igwdkYxifrSwf MuavNyD/ xdkolonf igwdkYvGefusL;jcif;tjypfrsm;aMumifh
(a[&Sm, 53;3-5)
emusifpGmxdk;jcif;? ESdyfpufjcif;udk cH&av\/

a,½Ic&pfawmfonf bk&m;ocif\oP²mefawmfESifhjynfhpHkawmfrlí
bk&m;ocifESifhNydKifaomtrIudk vk,ljcif;trI[krxifrSwfbJ? rdrd*kPfodu©mudk
pGefYí tapcHuRef\oP²mefudk,laqmifvsuf vlYtjzpfudk cH,lawmfrl\/ xdkodkY
vl\*kPt
f *Fgvu©PmESihf jynfph v
kH suf taocHjcif;omr[kw?f vuf0g;uyfwikd f
wGif taocHonfhwdkifatmif tapuRefcHí udk,fhudkudk,fESdrfhcsawmfrl\/
(zdvdyÜd 2;5-8)
a,½Iuvnf; ]]igonf bk&m;ocifhtxHawmfrS xGuf<ua&mufvm\}}
(a,m[ef 8;42)
[k qdkav\/
a&S;OD;vlom;tm'Honf ajrBu;D ujzpfaomaMumifh ajrom;jzpf\/ 'kw,
d vl
a,½Irlum; aumif;uifbHkrSjzpfaom ocifjzpfawmfrl\/
(1 aum 15;47)
c&pfawmfþavmuodkU <uvmaomtcg ]]tdb
k &k m;ocif? ud,
k af wmfonf
,ZfESifh ylaZmfouúmtvdkawmfr½SdbJ tuREfkyftzdkYudk,fcE¨mudk jyifqifawmfrlNyD}}
(a[NAJ 10;5)
[k qdkav\/
xdo
k il ,fwYkdonf taoG;tom;ESihf qufqMH uaomaMumifh c&pfawmfonf
taocHawmfrlaomtm;jzifh aojcif;w&m;udktpdk;&aomolwnf;[laom
rm&fewf\ wefc;kd udk csK;d zJzh suq
f ;D jcif;iSm¤if;? aoab;udak Mumufí wpfoufv;kH
uRefcH&aom olwdkYudk u,fvTwfjcif;iSm¤if;? xdkoli,fwdkY\taoG;tom;udk
(a[NAJ 2;14-15)
aqmif,lawmfrl\/

2

3

urÇmajrodkY oufqif;vmaom a,½I\
&nf½G,fcsuf

a,½Iu omrefxufxl;jcm;aom arG;zGm;jcif;
cH,ljcif;

taMumif;rlum; vlom;onf olwpfyg;udk appm;jcif;iSmrvm? olwpfyg;
tapudck jH cif;iSm¤if;? rdrt
d oufupkd eG Yfí vlrsm;udak ½G;jcif;iSm¤if; <uvmawmfr\
l /
(rmuk 10;45)
vlom;onf aysmufaomolwdkYudk½Smí u,fwiftHhaomiSm <uvmonf/
(vkum 19;10)
bk&m;ocifonf avmuDom;wdkYtjypf&apjcif;iSm om;awmfudkapvTwf
onfr[kwb
f ?J ud,
k af wmftm;jzifh u,fwifjcif;odYk a&mufrnft
h aMumif; apvTwf
(a,m[ef 3;17)
awmfrljcif;jzpf\/
a,½Iu ]]or®mw&m;bufü oufaocHjcif;iSm igonf arG;zGm;jcif;udkcHí
þavmuodkY <uvmNyD/ or®mw&m;ESifh pyfqdkiforQaomolwdkYonf ighpum;udk
(a,m[ef 18;3)
em;axmifMuonf}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
a,½Ic&pfonf tjypf½SdaomolwdkYudk u,fwifjcif;iSm þavmuodkY
(1wdarmao 1;10)
<uvmawmfrlonf/
om;awmftm;jzifh igwdkYtouf½Sifapjcif;iSm bk&m;ocifonf wpfyg;
wnf;aomom;awmfudk þavmuodkYapvTwfawmfrl\/
(1 a,m[ef 4;9)
tcsdefumvaphaomtcg igwdkYonf om;\tcGifht&mudk cH&rnf
taMumif;? ynwfw&m;vufü½Sdaom igwdkYudk a½G;EIwfapjcif;iSm? rdef;r0rf;ü
y#doaE¨,lí ynwfw&m;atmufü zGm;jrif&aomom;awmfudk bk&m;ocifonf
(*vmwd 4;4-5)
apvTwfawmfrl\/

*gvdvJjynf emZ&ufNrdKUü 'g0d'ftrsKd;om;? a,moyftrnf½SdaomolESifh
xdrf;jrm;aqmifESif;&ef r,Sufwifao;aom owdkYorD;unmqDodkY bk&m;ocif
onf aumif;uifwref*gajAvudk apvTwfawmfrl\/ xdkowdkYorD;unmum;
rm&dtrnf½Sd\/ aumif;uifwrefu ]]rm&d? aMumuf½GHUjcif;r½SdESifh/ oifonf
bk&m;ocifa½SUawmfü rsufESm&NyD/ oifonf y#doaE¨pGJ,lí om;a,musfm;udk
zGm;jrifvdrfhrnf/ xdkom;udk a,½Itrnfjzifh rSnfh&rnf/ xdkom;onfum;
BuD;jrwfaomoljzpfí tjrifhjrwfqHk;aom bk&m;ocif\om;awmf[k ac:a0:
orkwjf cif;udck &H vdrrhf nf/ ol\Edik if o
H nftqH;k r½S&d }} [k ajymqd\
k / rm&duvnf;
]]þtrIt&monf tb,fodkYjzpfvdrfhrnfenf;/ tuREfkyfonf a,musfm;ESifh
rqufqHyg}} [k aumif;uifwreftm; jyefajym\/ aumif;uifwrefuvnf;
]]oefY½iS ;f aom0dnmOfawmfonf oif\tay:rSmoufa&mufawmfríl jrifjh rwfaom
bk&m;ocif\ bkef;wefcdk;tmEkabmfonf oifhudk vTrf;rdk;vdrfhrnf/
xdkoefY½Sif;aom om;onfvnf; bk&m;ocif\om;awmf[k ac:a0:orkwfjcif;
udkcH&vdrfhrnf/ bk&m;ocif rpGrf;aqmifEdkifaomtrIr½Sd}} [k ajymqdkav\/
(vkum 1;26-27?30-37)
]]'g0d'ftrsKd;a,moyf? oif\ZeD;rm&dudk xdef;odrf;&rnftcGifhudk
rpd;k &drEf iS /hf þy#doaE¨onf oefY&iS ;f aom0dnmOfawmfaMumifjh zpfí om;a,musmf ;
udk zGm;jrifvdrfhrnf/ xdkom;awmfonf vlom;wdkYtm; tjypfrSu,fwifrnfhol
jzpfaomaMumifh a,½I[k trnfrSnfhac:&rnf}} [k aumif;uifwrefuqdk\/
(róJ 1;20-21)

4

5

a,½IarG;zGm;jcif;cH,ljcif;

a,½I\ oli,fawmfb0

uJombk&ifMo*kwåKonf wpfEdkifiHvHk;udk vlOD;a&pm&if;,lapjcif;iSm
trdefYawmf½Sd\/ vltaygif;wdkYonf pm&if;0ifjcif;iSm rdrdwdkYNrdKU½GmtoD;oD;odkY
oGm;Mu\/ a,moyfonfvnf; rdrdxdrf;jrm;aqmifESif;aom ZeD;rm&dESifhtwl
pm&if;0ifjcif;iSm AufvifNrdKUodkYoGm;\/ xdktcg rm&donf y#doaE¨
t&ifhtrm½Sd\/ zGm;tHhaomaeYvaphvQif om;OD;udkzGm;jrifí t0wfESifh&pfywfNyD;
{nfhonfwnf;cdk&mt&yfü olwdkYaep&mr½SdaomaMumifh oli,fudk EGm;pmcGufü
odyfxm;av\/ xdkjynfrSodk;xdef;wdkYonf nOfhtcg awmt&yfüwnf;cdkvsuf
rdrdwdkYodk;tkyfpkudk apmifha&SmufMuonf/ xdktcdkuf xm0&bk&m;\ aumif;uif
wrefonf olwdkYtem;rSmay:vmí ywf0ef;usifü xm0&bk&m;\bkef;awmf
xGe;f awmufojzifh olwYkdonf tvGeaf Mumuf½UHG jcif;odYk a&mufMu\/ aumif;uif
wrefuvnf; ]]aMumuf½UHG jcif;r½SMd uESi/hf vltaygif;wdYk twGuf tvGe0f rf;ajrmuf
p&mowif;aumif;udk oifwYkdtwGuf igaqmif,v
l m\/ ,aeYwiG f 'g0d'\
f NrKd Uü
ocifc&pfawmfwnf;[laom u,fwif½iS o
f nf oifwYkdtzdYktvdYkimS zGm;jrifjcif;udk
cHawmfrlNyD/ oli,fonf t0wfESifh&pfywfí EGm;pmcGufüodyfxm;vsuf½Sdonfudk
awGUMuvdrrhf nf}} [k qdak v\/ xdt
k cdu
k f xdak umif;uifwrefEiS t
hf wl aumif;uif
Adkvfajctrsm;wdkYonf csufjcif;xif½Sm;í ]]aumif;uifbkH0,f bk&m;ocifonf
bkef;BuD;awmfrlapownf;/ ajrBuD;ay:üvnf; Nidrfoufjcif;&Sdapownf;/
vlwdkYtm; arwåm*½kPm&Sdapownf;}} [k csD;rGrf;í >rufqdkMu\/
(vkum 2;1-14)

xdkoli,ftm; ta&zsm;vSD;jcif;udk ay;&onfhaeYrS ½Spf&ufajrmufaomaeY
a&mufvQif y#doaE¨pGJawmfrrlrD aumif;uifwrefrSnfhaom a,½Itrnfjzifh
(vkum 2;21)
rSnfhMu\/
xdt
k cgu a,½k½v
S ifNrKd Uü ½Iarmiftrnf½adS om ajzmifrh wfaomol?w&m;udk
½dkaoaomol? £oa&vtrsKd;wdkYoufomjcif;taMumif;udk arQmfvifhaomol
wpfOD;½Sd\/ oefY½Sif;aom0dnmOfawmfonf olYtay:üwnfonfjzpfí olonf
xm0&bk&m;\ ]c&pfawmfudk rjrifrDS rao&} [laom Asm'dwfawmfudk&\/
xdktcg olonf 0dnmOfawmftm;jzifh AdrmefawmfodkYoGm;í ocifa,½Itm;
ol\rdbrsm;u ynwfw&m;xHk;wrf;twdkif;jyKjcif;iSm aqmif,lvmpOf? ½Iarmif
onf a,½Iudk vufESifhcsDydkufí bk&m;ocif\aus;Zl;awmfudk csD;rGrf;vsuf
]]tpdk;&awmfrlaomt½Sif? Asm'dwfawmftwdkif; udk,fawmf\uRefonf Nidrf0yfpGm
pkaw&aomtcGifhudk udk,fawmfonf ,ckwGifay;awmfrl\/ udk,fawmf\
£oa&vtrsKd;udk csD;ajr§mufapjcif;iSm¤if;? wpfyg;trsKd;om;wdkYudk xGef;vif;
apjcif;iSm¤if;? vltrsKd;rsKd;wdkYa&SUarSmufü jyifqifawmfrlaom tvif;\t½Sif
ocifudk uREfkyfonf rsufpdESifhwyftyfjrif&yg\}} [k >rufqdk\/ xdkpum;udk
a,moyfESifh r,fawmfonfMum;vQif tHhMojcif;&SdMu\/ ½Iarmifonfvnf;
(vkum 2;25-34)
olwdkYudk aumif;BuD;ay;av\/

6

7

a,½ItylaZmfcHjcif;

a,½IrarG;zGm;rDuxJu pmwefrSxm;½Sdaom
trkef;w&m;rsm;

,k'jynfAufvifNrdKUü a[½k'frif;BuD;vufxuf a,½Ionf zGm;jrifjcif;udk
cHawmfrlcsdef? usrf;wwfynm½SdwdkYonf ta&SUjynfa,½k½SvifNrdKUodkY a&mufvm
MuvQif ]],ckzGm;jrifaom ,k'&Sifbk&ifonf tb,frSm½Sdawmfrloenf;/
ta½SUjynfü ol\Mu,fukd igwdYk jrif&onfjzpfí zl;awGUylaZmfjcif;iSma&mufvmNy}D }
[k ar;jref;ajymqdkMu\/
xdpk um;udMk um;vQif a[½k'rf if;Bu;D onf a,½k½v
S ifNrKd UolNrKd Uom;taygif;
wdYkEiS w
hf uG pdwyf yl efjcif;odYka&mufojzifh ,Zfya&m[dwt
f Bu;D tuJwYkdEiS hf usr;f jyK
q&m½SdorQwdkYudk pka0;apí ]]c&pfawmfudk tb,ft&yfrSm zGm;jrifvdrfhrnfenf;}}
[k ar;jref;awmfrl\/ xdkq&mwdkYuvnf; ]]ya&mzufwpfOD;a&;om;csuft&
,k'jynf AufvifNrdKUü zGm;jrifygrnf}} [k jyefMum;avQmufxm;Mu\/
xdkolwdkYonf rif;BuD;pum;udkemcHNyD;vQif xGufoGm;Muí? ta&SUjynfü
jrif&aomMu,fonf olwdkYa&SUuoGm;ojzifh oli,fawmf½Sd&m t&yftay:odkY
a&mufvQif wnfvsufae\/ xdkMu,fudk jyefjrif&aomtcg tvGef0rf;ajrmuf
0rf;omjcif;½SdMuav\/
xdkrStdrfodkY0ifavaomf r,fawmfrm&dESifhwuG oli,fawmfudkawGUjrifvQif
0yfwGm;udk;uG,fí rdrdwdkYbP²mOpömwdkYudkzGifhNyD;rS avmAefESifh rk&efwnf;[laom
eHUomrsKd;udk¤if;? a½Tudk¤if; qufuyfylaZmfMu\/ (róJ 2;1-5?9-11)

8

aumif;uifü tjcm;aomedrdwfvu©Pm ay:vmonfum;? tqif;eDaom
e*g;BuD;(pmwef)onf acgif;ckESpfvHk;? csKdq,facsmif;ESifhwuG acgif;ay:üo&zl
ckESpfqludk aqmif;vsuf½Sd\/ ol\tNrD;onf aumif;uifMu,foHk;pkwpfckudk
qGJiifí ajrBuD;odkYcsvdkufav\/ om;udkzGm;vkaomrdef;ronf zGm;aomtcg
e*g;onf xdkom;udk udkufpm;rnfhtBuHESifh rdef;ra&SUü &yfae\/ xdkrdef;ronf
vlrsKd;wumwdkYudk oHvSHwHjzihftkyfpdk;vwåHUaom om;a,musfm;udkzGm;jrif\/
(Asm'dwfusrf; 12;3-5)
a,moyfonf tdrrf ufujkd rifrufonfrmS xm0&bk&m;\aumif;uifwref
onf xif½Sm;í ]]oifxavmh/ r,fawmfESifh oli,fawmfudk aqmif,lNyD;vQif
tD*spfjynfodkYajy;í wpfzefigajymqdkonfhwdkifatmif xdkjynfüaeavmh/ a[½k'f
rif;BuD;onf oli,fawmfudk owfthHaomiSm&Smvdrfhrnf}} [k qdkav\/
xdktcg a,moyfonfxí r,fawmfESifholi,fawmfudk nOfhtcsdefü
aqmif,lNyD;vQif tD*spfjynfodkYxGufoGm;í a[½k'frif;BuD; tedpöa&mufonfh
wdkifatmif xdkjynfüaeav\/
xdktcg a[½k'frif;BuD;onf usrf;wwfynm&SdwdkY vSnfhjzm;onfudkodvQif
jyif;pGmtrsufxGufí ynm&SdwdkYtm; aphaphpyfpyfar;jref;NyD;aomf Mu,f\
tcsed u
f mvudak xmufí AufvifNrKd UrSpí aus;vuf½o
dS rQwYkdü ESpEf pS t
f ½G,rf pS í
xdkatmufi,faom oli,fa,musfm;taygif;wdkYudk vlvTwfíowfap\/
(róJ 2;13-15?16)

9

a,½I\ uav;b0

a,½Ivloltrsm;ESifhawGUqHkjcif;

oli,fonfvnf; Bu;D yGm;í ynmOmPfowåEd iS hf jynfph \
kH / bk&m;ocif\
aus;Zl;awmfonfvnf; olYtay:üwnf\/ a,½I\ rdbwdYkonf ESppf OfEpS w
f ikd ;f
yocgyGcJ cH sed af &mufvQif a,½k½v
S ifNrKd UodYk omG ;Mu\/ a,½Ionf wpfq,fEh pS Ef pS f
½Sdaomtcg yocgyGJxHk;pHtwdkif; a,½k½SvifNrdKUodkY wufMuav\/ yGJaeY&uf
vGeNf y;D rS rdbwdYk onfjyefMuvQif oli,fa,½Ionf a,½k½v
S ifNrKd Uüae&pfav\/
a,moyfESifhr,fawmfonf xdktaMumif;udkrodí taygif;tazmfpkxJrSm oli,f
ygonf[pk w
d x
f ifEiS hf wpfaeYc&D;oGm;Ny;D vQif taqGtrsK;d todtuRr;f wdYkwiG ½f mS í
rawGUaomtcg a,½k½SvifNrdKUodkYjyefí &SmMu\/ oHk;&ufMumrS oli,ftm;
Adrmefawmfü q&mrsm;tv,fwiG x
f ikd íf olwYkdEiS hf aqG;aEG;ar;jref;vsu½f o
dS nfukd
rdbwdkYonfawGUMu\/ ol\pum;udk Mum;aomoltaygif;wdkYonf ol\
ynmudk¤if;? pum;tajzudk¤if; tHhMoMu\/ rdbwdkYonfom;udk jrifvQif
rdef;armawGa0í r,fawmfu ]]ighom;? tb,faMumifhigwdkYtm; þodkYjyK
oenf;/ n§dK;i,faMumifhMuaompdwfESifh igwdkYoifhudk ½SmMuNyD}} [k qdkaomf
a,½Iu ]]rdbwdkY? tb,faMumifh tuREfkyfudk½Sm&ygoenf;/ tuREfkyfonf
tz\tdrfü aeaeonfudk rodygoavm}} [k ajymqdkavonf/
a,½Ionfvnf; tpOftwdkif;BuD;í ynmwdk;yGm;vsuf bk&m;ocifa&SU?
(vkum 2;40-49?52)
vlwdkYa&SUü rsufESm&awmfrl\/

bk&m;ocifonf a,m[eftrnf½Sdaomolwpfa,muf apvTwfawmfrl\/
a,m[efu ]]igonf ya&mzufa[&Sm,a[majymonfESifhtnD xm0&bk&m;\
vrf;c&D;awmfudk ajzmifhapMuavmh[k awmü[pfaMumfaomol\ toHjzpfonf}}
[kqdk\/
aemufwpfaeUü a,½I<uvmonfukd a,m[efonfjrifvQif ]]þavmu\
tjypfudkaqmifoGm;aom bk&m;ocif\ odk;oi,fudkMunfhavmh}} [kqdk\/
xdYkaemuf a,m[efonf ]]xdrk w
S pfyg; 0dnmOfawmfonf aumif;uifrcS sK;d iSuu
f o
hJ Ykd
qif;oufí xdkol\tay:ü em;awmfrlonfudk igjrif&NyD/ tpu xdkoludk
igrod/ a&ü AwådZHudkay;apjcif;iSm ighudkapvTwfawmfrlaomolu ]0dnmOfawmf
onfqif;oufí wpfpHkwpfa,mufaomoltay:ü em;awmfrlonfudk oifjrif&
vdrfhrnf} [k rdefYawmfrlonfESifhtnD igonfawGUjrif&í þolonf
bk&m;ocif\ om;awmfjzpfawmfrlaMumif; oufaocHonf}} [k qdkav\/
(a,m[ef 1;6?23?29?32-34)
a,½Ionf AwåZd u
H ckd aH wmfrNl y;D vQif a&xJrx
S í xdt
k csed af umif;uifziG v
hf pS f
ojzifh? bk&m;ocif\0dnmOfawmfonf csKd;iSufuJhodkYqif;oufí udk,fawmf
tay:ü em;awmfrlonfudk jrif&NyD; ]]þolum; igESpfoufjrwfEdk;&m ig\
cspfom;aywnf;}} [k aumif;uifrS oHawmfonf vGifhysHvmav\/
(róJ 3;16-17)

10

11

a,½Iu pmwef\jzm;a,mif;aoG;aqmifrIudk
ausmfvTm;jcif;

a,½Iu ol\wynfhawmfrsm;udk a½G;cs,fjcif;

xdktcg jzm;a,mif;aoG;aqmifaomolonf csOf;uyfí ]]udk,fawmfonf
bk & m;ocif \ om;awmf r S e f v Qif þausmuf c J w d k Y u d k r k e f Y j zpf a pjcif ; iS m
trdeUf &Sad wmfryl g}} [k avQmufav\/ a,½Iu ]]vlonf rkeYftm;jzifo
h mtoufukd
arG;&rnfr[kwf/ bk&m;ocifrdefYawmfrlorQtm;jzifh toufudkarG;&rnf[kom
usrf;pmvmonf}} [k jyefvnfajzMum;\/
xdktcg rm&fewfonf a,½Iudk oefY&Sif;aomNrdKUawmfodkY ac:aqmifoGm;í
Adrmefawmf\txG#fü wifxm;NyD;vQif ]]usrf;pmvmonfum; aumif;uifwref
wdkYtm; oifhtbdkYiSmxm;awmfrlonfjzpfí oif\ajcudk ausmufESifhrxdcdkufap
jcif;iSm olwdkYonfoifhudk vufESifh rpcsDyifhMuvdrfhrnf[kvm\/ xdkUaMumifh
bk&m;ocif\om;awmfrSefvQif atmufodkYckefcsawmfrlyg}} [k avQmufav\/
a,½Iuvnf; ]]oif\bk&m;ocif xm0&bk&m;udk oifonfaoG;aqmif
jcif;rjyK&[k usrf;pmawmfwGifyg&Sd\}} [k rdefUawmfrl\/ wpfzefrm&fewfonf
a,½Iudk tvGefjrifhrm;vSpGmaom awmifay:odkYac:aqmifoGm;í þavmuü
½SdorQaom wdkif;EdkifiHwdkYudk¤if;? xdkwdkif;EdkifiHwdkY\ bkef;pnf;pdrfudk¤if; nTefjyí
]]udk,fawmfonf ighudk OD;ñTwfudk;uG,fvQif ,ckjyavorQwdkYudk igay;rnf}}
[k qdkav\/ a,½Iuvnf; ]]tcsif;pmwef? ighaemufodkYqkwfavmh? oif\
bk&m;ocifxm0&bk&m;udo
k m ud;k uG,0f wfjyK&rnf/ xdt
k &Si\
f tapudo
k mvQif
(róJ 4;3-10)
cH&rnf[k usrf;pmvmonf}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
udk,fawmfonf xdkodkYjzm;a,mif;aESmifh,Sufjcif;udkcHí 'ku©qif;&Jjcif;ü
usifvnfaomaMumifh xdkodkY jzm;a,mif;aESmifh,Sufjcif;trIESifh awGUBuHKaomol
(a[NAJ 2;18)
wdkUudk rpjcif;iSm wwfEdkifawmfrl\/

12

a,½Ionf *gvdvJa&tdkifem;wGif vrf;avQmufoGm;pOf &SdrkefESifhtdajE´
wHigonfnt
D pfuEkd pS af ,mufonf tdik w
f iG yf u
kd u
f eG jf zefYcsonfukd jrifawmfrv
l Qif
xdkolwdkYtm; ]]ighaemufodkYvdkufMuavmh/ oifwdkYonf vludkrQm;aomwHigonf
jzpfapjcif;iSm igjyKrnf}} [k trdefYawmf½Sdav\/ xdkolwdkYvnf; csufjcif;
ydkufuGefudkpGefYí aemufawmfodkYvdkufMu\/ xdkrStenf;i,fvGefjyefvQif aZaA'J
\om; ,mukyfESifha,m[ef nDtpfudkESpfa,mufwdkYonf avSay:wGif ydkufuGef
jyifaeonfujkd rifí csucf si;f ac:awmfr\
l / xdo
k w
l Ykdonfvnf; avSay:rSm&Sad om
oliSm;wdkYESifhwuG tbaZaA'JudkpGefYí aemufawmfodkYvdkufMu\/
(rmuk 1;16-20)
aemufwpfaeYü a,½Ionf *gvdvJjynfodkY<ujcif;iSm tvdkawmftwdkif;
a&mufí zdvdyÜdudkawGUvQif ]]ighaemufodkYvdkufavmh}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
(a,m[ef 1;43)
a,½Ionf vrf;ü<uawmfrlpOf tmvAJ\om; a0vdonf tcGefcH&mxJü
xdkifaeonfudkjrifaomf ]]ighaemufodkYvkdufavmh}} [k rdefUawmfrl\/ xdkolonf
(rmuk 2;14)
vnf; xí aemufawmfodkYvdkufav\/
udk,fawmfonf wpfnOfhvHk; bk&m;ociftm; qkawmif;yXmemjyKvsuf
aeav\/ rd;k vif;aomtcg wynfah wmfwYkduakd c:awmfríl xdx
k rJ S wpfusyd Ef pS yf g;
wdkYudk a½G;aumufí wrefawmftrnfjzifh orkwfawmfrl\/
(vkum 6;12-13)

13

a,½Iu owif;aumif;udk a[mMum;jcif;

a,½Iu Adrmefawmfudk oefY½Sif;jcif;

a,½Ionf 0dnmOfawmfwefc;kd ESihf *gvdvjJ ynfoYkdjyefí ol\owif;aumif;
onf ywf0ef;usiftESHUtjym;wdkYü ausmfapmav\/ w&m;Z&yfwdkYü qHk;rMo0g'
ay;awmfrlí vltaygif;wdkYonf udk,fawmfudkcsD;rGrf;Mu\/ arG;zGm;BuD;jyif;&m
emZ&ufNrKd UodYka&mufjyefvQif xH;k pHtwdik ;f Oykoaf eYü w&m;Z&yfoYkd0ifí usr;f pmudk
½Gwfzwf&ef xawmfrlvQif Z&yfapmifhonf ya&mzufa[½Sm,\ usrf;pmudk
ay;av\/ udk,fawmfonf usrf;pmudkzGifhí ]]xm0&bk&m;\ 0dnmOfawmfonf
ightay:üwnfawmfrl\/ taMumif;rlum; olqif;&JwdkYtm; 0rf;ajrmufp&m
owif;udk Mum;apjcif;iSm ighub
kd o
d u
d af y;awmfrNl y/D ESv;kH aMuuGo
J w
l Ykd \temudk
aysmufapjcif;iSm¤if;? zrf;qD;csKyfaESmifxm;olwdkYtm; vGwfajrmufap&efESifh
rsufpduef;aomolwdkYudk rsufpdjyefjrifapjcif;iSm¤if;? n§if;qJcH&aomolwdkYudk
u,frapjcif;iSm¤if;? xm0&bk&m;onf rdrdvlpkawmftm; u,fwif&mumv
a&mufvmNyDjzpfaMumif; aMujimapjcif;iSm ighudkapvTwfawmfrl\}} [laom
usrf;ydk'fudk zwfawmfrl\/ xdkUaemufusrf;pmawmfudkvdyfí Z&yfapmifhtm;
jyefay;NyD;aemuf xdkifawmfrl\/ w&m;Z&yfü½Sdaom vltaygif;wdkYonf
ud,
k af wmftm; pdu
k Mf unfah eMu\/ ud,
k af wmfu ]]þusr;f pmygtrIt&mrsm;onf
oifwdkYMum;em&onfhtwdkif; ,aeYtaumiftxnfay:NyD}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
vltaygif;wdkYonf udk,fawmf\taMumif;udk csD;rGrf;ajymqdkMuvsuf
EIwfawmfxGufpum;rsm;udkvnf; wthHwMo&SdMuukef\/
(vkum 4;14-22)

udk,fawmfESifhwynfhawmfwdkYonf a,½k½SvifNrdKUodkY a&mufMuaomtcg
udk,fawmfonf AdrmefawmfodkY0ifawmfrlí AdrmefawmftwGif; ta&mif;t0,f
jyKaeolwYkdukd ESix
f w
k af wmfr\
l / aiGvv
J ,
S o
f w
l Ykd\ pm;yGrJ sm;ESihf csK;d iSuaf &mif;ol
wdkY\ xdkifcHkrsm;udk arSmufvSefypfawmfrl\/ udk,fawmfu ]]ig\tdrfawmfudk
vlrsKd;wumwdkY qkawmif;&mtdrfawmf[k ac:a0:&vwåHU[k usrf;pmvmonf
r[kwfavm/ odkY&mwGif oifwdkYonf xdktdrfawmfudk "m;jycdkatmif;&m jzpfapNyD
wum;}} [k vlwdkYtm; qkHk;roGefoifawmfrl\/
(rmuk 12;15?17)

a,½Iu tjypftaMumif; oifMum;ay;jcif;
oifwdkYonf jyifyoP²meftm;jzifh vlwdkYa½SUwGif olawmfaumif;rsm;[k
xif&aomfvnf; pdwftwGif;üum; olawmfaumif;a,mifaqmifrIESifh qdk;npfrI
(róJ 23;28)
rsm;jzifh jynfhESufaeawmh\/
cHwGif;uxGufaomt&mrlum;? pdwfESvHk;xHrS xGufvmaomt&mjzpf\/
xdkt&mrsKd;onf vludknpfnrf;ap\/ vlYtoufudkowfjcif;? olYtdrf&mudk
jypfrSm;jcif;? umr*kPfvdkufpm;jcif;? olYOpömcdk;jcif;? rrSefaomoufaoudkcHjcif;?
olYtoa&udkzsufjcif; tp&Sdonfh npfnrf;onfhtBuHtpnfrsm;onf pdwfESvHk;
(róJ 15;18-19)
xJrSxGufvm\/
ocifa,½Iu ]]trSeftuefoifwdkYtm; igqdkonfum; tjypfusL;ol
wdkif;onf tjypf\uRefjzpf\/ oifwdkYtm; om;awmfuvGwfvyfapvQif
oifwdkYonf {ueftrSef vGwfvyfMuvdrfhrnf}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
(a,m[ef 8;34-36)

14

15

a,½Iu b0topfudk ay;urf;jcif;

a,½Iu toufprf;a&udk ay;urf;jcif;

ocifa,½Iu ]]trSeftuef oifwdkYtm; igqdkonfum; topfwzef
arG;zGm;jcif;rcH&olonf bk&m;ocif\EdkifiHawmfudk rjrifEdkif/ ]topfwzef
arG;zGm;jcif; cHMu&rnf} [k igqdkonfudk rtHhMoESifh/ tb,faMumifhqdkaomf
bk&m;ocifonf avmuom;wdkYudk vGefpGmcspfawmfrlojzifh om;awmftm;
,HkMunfoltaygif;wdkYonf ysufpD;qHk;yg;jcif;r½SdbJ xm0&toufudk&apjcif;iSm
rdrd\wpfyg;wnf;aom om;awmfudk pGefUawmfrl\}} [k rdefUawmfrl\/
(a,m[ef 3;3?7?16)
a,½Iu ]]igrlum;oifwdkYtouf½SifMuap½HkrQomru <u,f0jynfhpHkaom
toufudk ½SifEdkifMuap&efvmownf;}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
(a,m[ef 10;10)
xm0&toufwm[lonf wpfqlwnf;aom bk&m;ocifjzpfawmfrlaom
udk,fawmfudk¤if;? udk,fawmfapvTwfawmfrlaom a,½Ic&pfudk¤if; oduRrf;jcif;
(a,m[ef 17;3)
yifjzpf\/
c&pfawmfonf olaorsm;udk toufjyef½SifapawmfrlouJhodkY om;awmf
onfvnf; rdrdtvdk½Sdolrsm;udk touf½Sifapawmfrl\/ ocifa,½Iu ]]trSef
tuefoifwdkYtm; igqdkonfum; ig\pum;udk Mum;emí ighudkapvTwfawmfrl
aomt&Sifudk ,HkMunfolonf xm0&toufudk&\/ olonf w&m;pD&ifawmfrl
jcif;udk rcH&bJ aojcif;rS touf&Sifjcif;odkY ul;ajrmufaomoljzpf\}} [k
(a,m[ef 5;21?14)
qdkav\/
c&pfawmfESifh wpfvHk;wpf0wnf;½Sdaomolonf owå0gopfjzpf\/
olonf b0a[mif;udkpGefYí b0opfodkY0ifpm;NyD/ (2 aum 5;17)

a,½Ionf &Srm&djynf ½Icgemtrnf½SdaomNrdKUodkYa&mufawmfrl\/ xdkae&m
a&mufvQif c&D;yef;awmfro
l jzifh a&wGi;f teD;wGif xdik af wmfrpl Of &Srm&dtrsK;d orD;
wpfOD;onf a&cyf&efa&muf&Sdvm\/ ocifa,½Iu ]]ightm;aomufa&wpfcGuf
ay;yg}} [k xdktrsKd;orD;tm; rdefYawmfrl\/ &Srm&dtrsKd;orD;u ]]oifonf
,k'trsK;d om;wpfa,mufjzpfygvsuf &Srm&dtrsK;d orD;jzpfol uRerf xHraS omufa&
udk tb,faMumifhawmif;ygoenf;}} [k ar;\/ taMumif;rSm ,k'vlrsKd;ESifh
&Srm&dvlrsKd;wdkY qufqHrIr½SdaomaMumifhjzpfonf/ ocifa,½Iu ]]bk&m;ocif
ay;oem;awmfrlaom qkaus;Zl;awmfudk¤if;? oifhtm;aomufa&wpfcGufawmif;
aeolonf tb,foljzpfonfudk¤if;? oifodvQif xdkol\xHrS toufprf;a&udk
awmif ; vd r f h r nf / xd k o l o nf v nf ; oif h t m; xd k a &ud k a y;vd r f h r nf /
,ckoifay;onfh a&udkaomufolwdkif; aemufwpfzefa&iwfvdrfhOD;rnf/
igay;rnfha&udk aomufol rlum; tb,ftcgrQ a&iwfawmhrnfr[kwf/
xdka&onf ol\cEÅmwGif;ü xm0pOfprf;aygufvsuf olYtm;xm0&toufudk
(a,m[ef 4;5-10? 13-14)
&apvdrfhrnf}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
a,½Iu ]]a&iwfolonf ighxHodkYvmí aomufavmh/ ighudk ,HkMunf
aomol\ pdwfESvHk;xJrS toufa&onf prf;acsmif;ozG,fpD;xGufaevdrfhrnf}}
[k a<u;aMumfawmfrl\/ ocifa,½Ionf rdrdudk,HkMunfí cH,lMu&rnfh
0dnmOfawmfudk &nfñTef;í a<u;aMumfawmfrljcif;jzpf\/
(a,m[ef 7;37-39)

16

17

a,½Iu yHkOyrmrsm;udk toHk;jyKí oifMum;jcif;

a,½Iu rnfodkYaumif;BuD;cH&rnfudk oifMum;jcif;

iga[majymaom þw&m;pum;udkMum;í vdkufavQmufolonf ausmuf
ay:wGiftdrfaqmufonfh ynm&SdESifhwl\/ rdk;onf;xefpGm½Gmí jrpfa&vQHum
rkew
f idk ;f xefvsuf xdt
k rd u
f w
kd u
kd cf wfaomfvnf; xdt
k rd o
f nf ausmufay:rSmwnf
aomaMumifh rNydKrvJay/ iga[majymaom w&m;pum;udkMum;NyD;aemuf rvdkuf
ravQmufolonf oJay:rSmtdrfaqmufaom vlrdkufESifhwl\/ rdk;onf;xefpGm
½Gmí jrpfa&vQu
H m rkew
f ikd ;f xefvsuf xdt
k rd u
f w
kd u
kd cf wfonf½adS omf xdt
k rd o
f nf
NydKvJíoGm;\/ xdktdrf\tysuftpD;rSm BuD;vSpGmwum;/
(róJ 7;24-27)
oifwdkYwGif wpfpHkwpfa,mufolonf odk;taumifwpf&m½Sdí wpfaumif
aysmufvQif rnfoYkdjyKrnfenf;/ olonf useu
f ;kd q,fu
h ;kd aumifukd pm;usuw
f iG f
xm;chíJ aysmufaomod;k udk rawGUrcsi;f &Smrnfr[kwaf vm/ xdo
k ;kd udak wGUaomtcg
½Tiv
f ef;0rf;ajrmufpmG jzifh ycH;k xufwiG w
f ifí xrf;vmvdrrhf nf/ tdro
f Ykdjyefa&muf
aomtcg rdwfaqGESifhtdrfeD;csif;wdkYudkac:um ]]aysmufaomodk;udk igjyefawGUNyD/
igESifhtwl aysmf½Tif0rf;ajrmufMuavmh}} [k qdkvdrfhrnf/ xdkenf;wlpGm aemifw
&&efrvdkaom *kPfoa&½Sdol udk;q,fhudk;a,muftwGufxuf tjypfusL;ol
wpfa,muf aemifw&onfhtwGufaumif;uifbHkwGifydkí ½Tifvef;0rf;ajrmufjcif;
(vkum 15;4-7)
½Sdvdrfhrnf/

udk,fawmfonf vly&dowfwdkYudkjrifawmfrlojzifh awmifay:odkYwufawmf
rl\/ xdkYaemuf udk,fawmfonfolwdkYtm; atmufygtwdkif; a[majymoGefoif
awmfrl\/ ]]pdwfESvHk;ESdrfhcsaomolwdkYonf r*Fvm½SdMu\/ aumif;uifEdkifiHawmf
onf xdkolwdkY\ EdkifiHjzpf\/ 0rf;enf;ylaqG;aomolwdkYonf r*Fvm½SdMu\/
bk&m;ocifonf xdo
k w
l Ykd tm; pdwo
f ufomrIukd ay;awmfrv
l wåUH / oem;Muifem
wwfaomolwdkYonf r*Fvm½SdMu\/ bk&m;ocifonf xdkolwdkYtm; oem;
MuifemawmfrlvwåHU/ Nidrf;csrf;a&;twGuf aqmif½GufaomolwdkYonf r*Fvm
½SdMu\/ xdkolwdkYonf bk&m;ocif\om;rsm;[k tac:cH&MuvwåHU/ bk&m;
ocif\ tvdak wmftwdik ;f aqmif½u
G o
f jzifh ESyd pf ufni§ ;f qJjcif;cH&aomolwYkdonf
r*Fvm½SdMu\/ aumif;uifEdkifiHawmfonf xdkolwdkY\EdkifiHjzpf\/ vlwdkYonf
ighaMumifh oifwdkYudk uJh&JUn§if;qJvsufr[kwfrrSefbJ trsKd;rsKd;jypfwifpGyfpGJ
Muaomtcg oifwYkdonf r*Fvm½SMd u\/ 0rf;ajrmuf½iT jf rL;Muavmh/ aumif;uif
bHkwGif oifwdkY cHpm;&rnfhtusKd;onf BuD;vSay\/}} (róJ 5;1-12)
bk&m;ocif\ EIwfuywfawmfudk Mum;í vdkufemolonf r*Fvm½Sd\/
(vkum 11;28)
ighudkrjrif&bJ ,HkMunfolwdkYonf r*Fvm½SdMu\/ (a,m[ef 20;29)
ightay:ü ,HkrSm;jcif;uif;olonf r*Fvm½Sd\/ (vkum 7;23)

18

19

a,½Iu qkawmif;enf;udk oifMum;jcif;

a,½Iu aemufvdkufwynfhawmfjzpfvdkolrsm;tm;
oGefoifjcif;

,HkMunfolwdkYonf tb,ftcgrQ pdwftm;ravsmhbJ tcgcyfodrf;
(vkum 18;1)
qkawmif;yw¬emjyKoifhonf/
vlESpfa,mufonf qkawmif;yw¬emjyK&ef AdrmefawmfodkYoGm;Mu\/
wpfa,mufu zm&d½SJ? tjcm;wpfa,mufu tcGefcHoljzpf\/ zm&d½SJonf
wpfa,mufwnf;&yfvsuf ]]tdb
k &k m;ocif? tjcm;aomolwYkdonf avmbBu;D ol?
r½d;k ajzmifo
h ?l olYtrd &f mudk jypfrmS ;olrsm;jzpfMuyg\/ tuREykf o
f nf xdo
k w
l Ykduo
hJ Ykd
r[kwfojzifh¤if;? þtcGefcHoluJhodkY r[kwfojzifh¤if; udk,fawmf&Sif\aus;Zl;
awmfudk csD;rGrf;yg\/ tuREfkyfonf &ufowåwpfywfvQif ESpfBudrfwdkifwdkif
tpma&Smifyg\/ &&SdorQOpömypönf;\ q,fzdkYwpfzdkYudkvnf; vSLyg\}} [k
qk a wmif ; yw¬ e mjyK\/ ok d Y & mwG i f t cG e f c H o l r l u m; ta0;wG i f & yf v suf
aumif;uifokdY armfírQrMunfh0hHbJ ]]tkdbk&m;ocif? tjypfusL;oltuREkfyftm;
oem;awmfrlyg}} [k &ifbwfukdwD;cwfvsuf qkawmif;av\/ oifwkdYtm;
igqko
d nfum; þolonf bk&m;ocif\a½SUawmfwiG f olawmfaumif;tjzpfjzihf
td r f o d k Y j yef & \/ zm&d & S J r l u m; xk d o k d Y r [k w f / tb,f a Mumif h q k d a omf
rdrdukd,fukdcsD;ajr§mufolonf ESdrfhcsjcif;cH&vQuf rdrdukd,fukd ESdrfhcsolonf
(vkum 18;10-14)
csD;ajr§mufjcif;cH&rnf jzpfaomaMumifhwnf;/
avmuwGif oifwYkdteuf vlEpS af ,mufrQ pdww
f o
l abmwl&ef qkawmif;
yw¬emjyKygvQif aumif;uifbHk&Sif ig\crnf;awmfonf oifwdkYawmif;avQmuf
orQaomt&mudk ay;oem;awmfrv
l rd rhf nf/ tb,faMumifq
h akd omf vlEpS af ,muf
oHk;a,mufwdkYonf ighemrudk trSDjyKí pka0;vQif pka0;&mwGif olwdkYESifhtwl
(róJ 18;19-20)
ig&Sdrnf jzpfaomaMumifhwnf;/
oifwYkdonf ,HMk unfjcif;jzifh awmif;avQmufvQif awmif;avQmuforQwYkdukd
(róJ 21;22)
&½SdMuvdrfhrnf/

a,½Iu ol\wynfah wmfrsm;tm; ]]ighwynfjh zpfvo
kd o
l nf ud,
k u
f sK;d udpk eG Yf
&rnf/ udk,fhvuf0g;uyfwdkifudkxrf;í ighaemufodkYvdkuf&rnf/ rdrdtoufudk
u,fvdkolonf toufqHk;½IH;&vdrfhrnf/ ig\twGuf toufqHk;½IH;&olonf
toufudk&vdrfhrnf/ vlonf avmuwpfckvHk;udk tpdk;&aomfvnf; rdrd\
toufqHk;½IH;vQif tb,ftusKd;&Sdrnfenf;/ rdrdtoufudk tb,ft&mESifh
(róJ 16;24-26)
vJvS,fEdkifrnfenf;}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
xdkenf;wlpGm oifwdkYteuf rnfolrqdk rdrdü½SdorQudk rpGefYvQif
(vkum 14;33)
ig\wynfh rjzpfEdkif/
oifwdkYonf ighudkcspfvQif ighynwfwdkYudk apmifhxdef;vdrfhrnf/
(a,m[ef 14;15)
ighynwfum; igonf oifwYkdukd cspo
f nfeh nf;wl oifwYkdonf tcsi;f csi;f
(a,m[ef 15;12)
cspfMuavmh/
oifwdkYtcsif;csif;cspfcifMuvQif vltaygif;wdkYonf xdkarwåmudkaxmufí
oifwdkYonf ig\wynfhrsm;jzpfaMumif;udk odMuvdrfhrnf/
(a,m[ef 13;35)
ocifa,½Ionf ,HkMunfolwdkYtm; ]]oifwdkYonf iga[majymoGefoif
onfhtwdkif; jyKusifhMuvQif ig\wynfhtrSefjzpfMu\}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
(a,m[ef 8;31)
oifwdkYonf rsm;pGmaom toD;oD;jcif;tm;jzifh ighcrnf;awmf\
bkef;toa&awmfudk xGef;awmufap\/ þenf;tm;jzifh oifwdkYonf ig\
(a,m[ef 15;8)
wynfhrsm;jzpfvmMu\/

20

21

a,½Iu aumif;uifbHkESifh i&JtaMumif;
oGefoifjcif;
ighukd ]ocif?ocif} [k ac:aomolwikd ;f aumif;uifEikd if aH wmfoYkd 0if&vdrhf
rnfr[kw/f aumif;uifb&kH iS f ightz\tvdak wmftwdik ;f vdu
k af vQmufoo
l mvQif
(róJ 7;21)
0if&vdrfhrnf/
oifwYkd onf pdwaf jymif;vJí uav;oli,fuo
hJ Ykd jzpfro
S mvQif aumif;uif
(róJ 18;3)
EdkifiHawmfodkY 0if&vdrfhrnf/
usOf;ajrmif;aom wHcg;aygufudk 0ifMuavmh/ i&JodkY ydkUaqmif&mvrf;\
wHcg;aygufonf us,f0ef;ojzifh xdkvrf;udkvdkufolwdkYonf rsm;Mu\/ xm0&
toufodkY ydkYaqmif&mvrf;\ wHcg;aygufonf usOf;ajrmif;aomaMumifh
(róJ 7;13;14)
xdkvrf;udk awGU&SdolwdkYonf enf;Mu\/
uyfurÇmukeq
f ;kH csed üf vnf; xdek nf;wljzpfaytH/h aumif;uifwrefrsm;onf
vmí ol,w
k rf mrsm;udk olawmfaumif;rsm;xJrS cGx
J w
k Nf y;D vQif awmufavmifaom
rD;zdkxJodkY ypfcsvdrfhrnf/ xdkolwdkYonf idka<u;jrnfwrf;í tHhoGm;cJBudwfMu
(róJ 13;43- 50)
vdrfhrnf/
ocifa,½Iu ]]oifwYkd pdwrf ylyefMuESi/hf bk&m;ocifukd ,HMk unfMuavmh/
ighuv
kd nf; ,HMk unfavmh/ ighcrnf;awmf\tdrw
f iG f tcef;rsm;pGm½S\
d / odYkr&Syd grl
igonf oifwdkYtwGufae&mudk oGm;íjyifqifrnf[k ajymqdkygrnfavm/
,if;odkYoGm;íjyifqifNyD;rS oifwdkYxHodkYigjyefvmí ig&Sd&mt&yfwGif oifwdkY&SdEdkif
Muap&ef oifwdkYudk ighxHodkYac:aqmifrnf}} [k rdefUawmfrl\/
(a,m[ef 14;1-3)

a,½Iu olrnfoljzpfaMumif; zGifh[ajymMum;jcif;
igonf aumif;uifbHkrSqif;oufonfh touftm[m&jzpf\/ xdktpm
t[m&udk rSD0Jolonf tpOfxm0&touf½Sifvdrfhrnf/ igay;rnfh tpmt[m&
onf urÇmolurÇmom;wdYk touf½iS Ef ikd Mf uap&efay;aom ig\tom;aywnf;/
(a,m[ef 6;51)
igonf wHcg;aygufjzpf\/ xdkwHcg;aygufjzifh0ifolonf ab;ESifhvGwfí
0ifxGufoGm;vmvsuf usufpm;&mudk awGU&vdrfhrnf/ igonf odk;xdef;aumif;
jzpf\/ odk;xdef;aumif;onf odk;rsm;twGuf toufudkpGefUwwf\/
(a,m[ef 10;9?11)
igonf c&D;vrf;jzpf\/ or®mw&m;vnf;jzpf\/ toufvnf;jzpf\/
ighudk trSDrjyKbJ tb,folrQ crnf;awmfxHodkY ra&mufEdkif/
(a,m[ef 14;6)
igonf avmu\tvif;jzpf\/ ighaemufoYkdvu
kd af omolonf touf\
tvif;udk&í tb,ftcgrQ tarSmifwGifoGm;vm&vdrfhrnfr[kwf/
(a,m[ef 8;12)
igonf touf&Sifjcif;? &Sifjyefxajrmufjcif; t&Sifjzpf\/ ighudk
,HkMunfaomolonf aovGefaomfvnf; &Sifvdrfhrnf/
(a,m[ef 11;25)
oifwdkYonf ighudk q&m[lí¤if;? t½Sifocif[lí¤if; ac:wwfMu\/
þtwdkif;vnf;[kwfrSefojzifh oifwdkYac:onfrSmavsmufywfay\/
(a,m[ef 13;13
13;13))
xdkolwdkYu ]]okdYjzpfygrl oifonf bk&m;ocif\ om;awmfjzpfygoavm}}
[k ar;Mu\/ udk,fawmfu ]]igonf bk&m;ocif\ om;awmfjzpfonf[k
(vkum 22;70)
oifwdkYyif qdkacsonf}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/

22

23

a,½Iu tema&m*grsm;udk aysmufuif;apEdkifpGrf;
½Sdjcif;

a,½Iu obm0w&m;tay: atmifEdkifjcif;

ta&jym;a&m*gpGJuyfol vlwpfa,mufonf udk,fawmf\a&SUarSmufodkY
vma&muf';l axmufvsuf ]]t&Si?f t&Sit
f vdak wmf½v
dS Qif tuREykf t
f m; þa&m*grS
oefYpifapEdik yf gonf}} [k avQmufxm;awmif;yef\/ ocifa,½Ionf vufawmf
udq
k efYí ]]igtvd½k \
dS ? oefYpifap}} [k rdeYfawmfrNl y;D vQif xdo
k u
l w
kd Ykdxad wmfr\
l /
csufcsif; xdkolonf ta&jym;a&m*grS oefYpifíoGm;avonf/
(róJ 8;2-3)
w&m;Z&yfwGif wq,fh½SpfESpfywfvHk; ewfrdpäm0ifyl;ojzifh roefrpGrf;
jzpfvsufaeaom trsKd;orD;wpfa,muf½Sd\/ olonf ausmukef;í rdrd\cg;udk
vHk;0rqefYEdkif/ ocifa,½Ionf xdktrsKd;orD;udkjrifaomtcg txHawmfodkY
ac:awmfrlvsuf ]]tcsif; trsKd;orD;? oifha&m*gaysmufNyD}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
ol\tay:wGif vufawmfuw
kd ifawmfro
l jzifh olonf csucf si;f yifcg;qefYomG ;í
bk&m;ocif\aus;Zl;awmfudk csD;rGrf;av\/ (vkum 13;11-13)
vly&dowfrsm;onf ajcrpGrf;roefolrsm;? rsufrjrifrsm;? udk,ft*Fg
csKUd wJo
h rl sm;? qGUH tolrsm;ESihf tjcm;a&m*gonfrsm;udk ac:aqmifum ud,
k af wmf\
ajcawmf&if;wGif csxm;Mu\/ udk,fawmfonf xdkolemwdkY\ a&m*grsm;udk
(róJ 15;30)
aysmufuif;apawmfrl\/
½Sdrkef\ a,mu©rawmfolonf tdyf&may:wGif zsm;vsuf½Sd\/ ol\
taMumif;udk udk,fawmftm; csufcsif;yifavQmufxm;Mu\/ udk,fawmfonf
olUxHodkYoGm;ívufudk udkifqGJxlrawmfrl\/ xdktcg olonf tzsm;aysmufí
(rmuk 1;30 -31)
{nfhonf0wfudkjyKav\/

24

udk,fawmfonf vly&dowfwdkYudk jrufcif;ay:wGif xdkifapawmfrl\/
xdkYaemuf rkefYig;vHk;ESifh ig;ESpfaumifudk,lí aumif;uifodkYarQmfMunfhvsuf
bk&m;ocif\aus;Zl;awmfudk csD;rGrf;awmfrlNyD;vQif rkefYrsm;udkzJhí wynfhawmf
wdkYtm; ay;awmfrl\/ wynfhawmfwdkYonfvnf; vlwdkYtm; a0ay;Mu\/
vltaygif;wdkYonf t0pm;Mu&onfomru rkefYESifhig;t<uif;tusefrsm;udkyif
wpfq,hEf pS af wmif;tjynfh aumuford ;f &ao;\/ trsK;d orD;ESihf uav;rsm;rSty
rkefYpm;ol a,musfm;OD;a&rSm ig;axmifrQ½Sdownf;/
(róJ 14;19-21)
rdk;aomuf,HtcsdefcefYwGif udk,fawmfonf a&ay:rSm pufawmfjzefYí
wynfah wmfwYkdxo
H Ykd <uvmawmfr\
l / þodYk a&ay:rSm ud,
k af wmfpufawmfjzefYí
<uvmonf u d k j rif v Qif wynf h a wmf w d k Y o nf x d w f v ef Y u m ]wapä } [k
tvefYwMum; [pfatmfMu\/ xdktcg ocifa,½Iu ]]tm;ri,fMuESifh/
igyifjzpfonf/ raMumufMuESifh}} [k rdefYawmf\/ (róJ 14;25-27)
xdktcsdefü ½kwfw&ufavrkefwdkif;usa&mufvmum vIdif;½dkufoGif;ojzifh
avSonf a&ESifhjynfhvkrwwf½Sdav\/ udk,fawmfum; avSyJhydkif;wGif rSDtHk;wpfck
ay:ü tdyfpufvsufaeawmfrl\/ wynfhawmfwdkYonfudk,fawmfudk EId;Mu\/
]]t½Sifbk&m;? tuREfkyfwdkYa&epfaoqHk;rnfudk *½kjyKawmfrrlygoavm}} [k
ar;avQmufMu\/ udk,fawmfonf tdyf&mrSEkd;awmfrlí avESifhvIdif;rsm;tm;
]]wdwq
f w
d af eavmh? Nird o
f ufavmh}} [k trdeYfay;awmfr\
l / avonf Nird o
f mG ;\/
(rmuk 4;37-39)
vIdif;vnf; rxawmhay/

25

a,½Iu raumif;rItjypfrsm;udk cGifhvTwfEdkifpGrf;
½Sdjcif;

a,½Iu raumif;qdk;0g;rsm;udk atmifEdkifjcif;

ocifa,½Iu ]]odYk&mwGif vlom;onf avmuwGif tjypfajzvTwEf ikd o
f nf
udk oifwdkYtm;odjrifaptHh}} [k qdkvsuf avjzwfoltm; ]]xavmh? xrf;pifudk
(róJ 9;6-7)
xrf;í tdrfodkYjyefavmh}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
xdkYaemuf udk,fawmfu ]]oif\ tjypfudk ajzvTwfNyD}} [k trsKd;orD;tm;
rdeYf awmfr\
l / ud,
k af wmfEiS hf npmpm;aeMuolwYkd onf ]]tjypfuykd ifajzvTwaf om
þolum;tb,folenf;}} [k tcsif;csif;ajymqdkMu\/ (vkum 7;48-49)
nDtpfudkwdkY? xdkt½SifudktrSDjyKí tjypfajzvTwfjcif;taMumif;udk oifwdkY
tm; igajymMum;vsuf½Sdonfudk¤if;? xkdt½Sifudk ,HkMunfoltaygif;wdkYonf
arma½S\ ynwfw&m;u rajzrvTwEf ikd o
f nfh tjypf[o
l rQrS ajzvTwEf ikd af Mumif;
(wrefawmf 13;38-39)
udkvnf; odrSwfMuavmh/
igwdkYonf c&pfawmftaocHawmfrljcif;aMumifh tjypf\taESmiftzGJUrS
vGwfajrmufMuí bk&m;ocif &ufa&mpGmcsay;awmfrlonfh aus;Zl;awmftm;jzifh
({zuf 1;7)
tjypfajzvTwfcGifhudk &½SdMu\/
odkY&mwGif tjypf0efcsMuvQif bk&m;ocifonf uwdwnfawmfrlí
w&m;rQwawmfrlaom t&Sifjzpfawmfrlojzifh igwdkY\tjypfrsm;udkajzvTwfí
igwdkYtm; 'kp½dkuftnpftaMu;taygif;wdkYESifh uif;pifapawmfrlvdrfhrnf/
(1 a,m[ef 1;9
1;9))

w&m;Z&yfxw
J iG f npfnrf;aom ewfy;l 0ifaeolwpfa,muf½\
dS / npfnrf;
aomewfu ]]emZ&ufNrdKUom; a,½I? t&Sifonf tuREfkyfwdkYESifh tb,fodkY
oufqdkifawmfrlygoenf;/ tuREfkyfwdkYtm; aoaMuysufpD;ap&ef <uvmawmf
rloavm/ t&Sio
f nf rnfojl zpfonfukd tuREykf o
f yd g\/ t&Siu
f m; bk&m;ocif
xHrS <uvmawmfrlaom oefY&Sif;jrifhjrwfoljzpfygonf}} [k us,favmifpGm
[pfatmf\/ ocifa,½Iu ]]wdwfwdwfaeavmh/ olYtxJrSxGufcJhavmh}} [k
rdeYfawmfr\
l / ewfrpd mä onf xdo
k w
l Ykda&SUrSm vScJ svu
kd \
f / xdYkaemuf ab;tEÅ&m,f
rjyKbJ olYtxJrS xGufoGm;\/ vltaygif;wdkYonf tHhMovsuf ]]þol\trdefY
pum;um; tb,fodkYenf;/ olonf npfnrf;aomewfrsm;tm; xGufoGm;&ef
wefcdk;tmPmjzifhtrdefYay;í olwdkYonf xGufoGm;Muygonfwum;}} [k
(vkum 4;33-36)
tcsif;csif;ajymqdkMu\/
oli,fwpfOD;vmaepOf ewfrdpämonf olYtm;ajray:odkYvSJí wkefwuf
ap\/ ocifa,½Ionf ewfrdpämtm; trdefYay;í oli,fudk usrf;rmapawmf
rlNyD;aemuf zciftm;jyefvnfay;tyfawmfrl\/ vltaygif;wdkYonfbk&m;ocif
xHrS r[mwefcdk;awmfudkjrif&í tHhMoMuukef\/ (vkum 9;42-43)
emZ&ufNrKd Uom; a,½Ionf bk&m;ocifxaH wmfrS oefY&iS ;f aom0dnmOfawmf
ESiw
hf efc;kd awmf tb,foYkd c,
H &l ½So
d nft
h aMumif;udk oifwYkd oMd u\/ bk&m;ocif
onf ud,
k af wmfEiS t
hf wl½adS wmfro
l jzifh ud,
k af wmfonf t&yf&yfoYkd vSnv
hf nfí
vlwYkdtm;aus;Zl;jyKvsuf rm&fewfEydS pf ufot
l aygif;wdYktm; usr;f rmapawmfrcl \
hJ /
(wrefawmf 10;38)

26

27

a,½Sku aojcif;w&m;udk xdef;csKyfekdifpGrf;&Sdjcif;

a,½I\ trIawmfaqmifrItay: wkefYjyefrIrsm;

ocifa,½Iu ]]ausmufw;Hk ukad ½TUvku
d Mf uavmh}} [k rdeYfawmfr\
l / aovGeo
f l
\tpfr rmou ]]t½Sifbk&m;? ,cktcgqkdvsSif teHYxGufaeygvdrhfrnf/
olaoonfrmS av;&uf½ySd gNy}D } [k avsmS uf\/ ocifa,½Iu ]]oif,MkH unfvQif
bk&m;ocif\ bkef;toa&awmfudk jrif&vdrfhrnf[lí igajymonfr[kwfavm}}
[k rdeYfawmfr\
l / xdYkaemuf ]]vmZ½kxu
G cf ahJ vmh}} [k us,af vmifpmG trdeYfay;awmf
rl\/ xdktcg aovGefaomolonf ajcvufüt0wfjzifhywfvsuf rsufESmü
y0gjzifh pnf;vsufxGufvmavonf/ ocifa,½Iu ]]olYtm;ywfxm;onfh
t0wfrsm;udk ajzay;Muavmh}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
(a,m[ef 11;39-40? 43-44)
w&m;Z&yftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;wpfOD;onf a,½IxHodkYvmí ]]tuREfkyf\
orD;onf ,ckyifaoqHk;oGm;ygonf/ odkY&mwGif t&Sif<uawmfrlí olYtay:rSm
vufawmfukd wifawmfrv
l Qif olonf touf&iS v
f mygvdrrhf nf}} [k avQmufxm;
awmif;yef\/ udk,fawmfonf vlwdkYudk tjyifodkYxGufapNyD;aemuf tcef;xJodkY
0ifí oli,fr\vufudkudkifvsuf xlrawmfrlaomtcg oli,fronfxav\/
(róJ 9;18?25)
NrdKUwHcg;teD;odkY udk,fawmfa&mufcsdefü vlwdkYonf rkqdk;rwpfa,muf\
wpfOD;wnf;aomom;\tavmif;udk oN*ØK[f&ef NrdKUjyifodkY xkwf,lvmMu\/
xdkrkqdk;rESifhtwl NrdKUolNrdKUom;wdkYonf vdkufydkYMu\/ udk,fawmfonf
xdktrsKd;orD;udk jrifaomtcg oem;awmfrlojzifh ]]ridkESifh}} [k olYtm; rdefYawmf
rl\/ xdkYaemuf teD;odkY<uawmfrlNyD;vQif tavmif;pifudk vufawmfjzifh
wdkYxdawmfrl\/ udk,fawmfu ]]tcsif;vli,f? xavmh? oifhtm;igtrdefYay;\}}
[k rdefYawmfrl&m olaoonf xdkifNyD;vQifpum;ajymav\/
(vkum 7;12-15)

ocifa,½Ionf wynfhawmfwdkYtm; ]]vlwdkYonf ighudk tb,fol
jzpfonf[k ajymqdkMuoenf;}} [k ar;awmfrl\/ ]]vltcsKdUu t½Sifonf
AwådZHq&ma,m[efjzpfonf/ tcsKdUu {vd,jzpfonf/ tcsKdUu a,&rd
(odkYr[kwf) tjcm;ya&mzufwpfyg;yg;jzpfonf[k ajymqdkMuygonf}} [k
avQmufMu\/ udk,fawmfu ]]oifwdkYu ighudk tb,fol[kqdkMuoenf;}}
[k ar;awmfrlvQif ayw½ku ]]t½Sifonf touf½Sifawmfrlaom bk&m;ocif\
om;awmfwnf;[laom c&pfawmfjzpfygonf}} [k avQmufav\/ a,½Iu
]]a,m[ef\om;½Sdrkef? oifonf r*Fvm½Sd\/ þtaMumif;udk omrefvl
wpfa,muftaejzifh oifrodEdkif/ aumif;uifbHk½Sif ig\crnf;awmfu
azmfjyawmfrlíom oifodownf;}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
(róJ 16;13-17)
vltcsKUd wdYku ]]þolonf ewfrpd mä pGu
J yfaom ol½;l jzpf\/ tb,faMumifh
olYpum;udk oifwYkd em;axmifMuoenf;}} [k qdMk u\/ odYk&mwGif tjcm;olwYkdu
]]ewf r d p ä m pG J u yf o l o nf þod k Y aompum;ud k rajymrqd k E d k i f & m/
ewfrpd mä pGu
J yfoo
l nf tb,foYkdvQif rsurf jrifrsm;udk rsupf jd rifapEdik yf grnfenf;}}
(a,m[ef 10;20-21)
[k qdkMu\/
xdktcg ,k'vlrsKd; tajrmuftjrm;yif ocifa,½IjyKawmfrlaomtrIudk
awGUjrifMuojzifh udk,fawmfudk ,HkMunfvmMu\/ odkY&mwGif tcsKdUwdkYonf
zm&d½SJrsm;\ xHodkYoGm;í ocifa,½IjyKawmfrlaomtrIudk ajymMum;Mu\/
xdkYaeYrSpí ,k'tmPmydkifwdkYonf ocifa,½Iudkowf&ef wdkifyifBuHpnfMu\/
(a,m[ef 11;45-46?53)
olwdkYonf ighudk taMumif;rJhrkef;Mu\/ (a,m[ef 15;25)

28

29

a,½Iu ol\aoqHk;jcif;ESifh ½Sifjyefxajrmufrnfh
taMumif; BudKwifedrdwfzwfjcif;

a,½Ionf aornfudkraMumufbJ a,½k½Svif
NrdKUawmfodkY 0ifa&mufjcif;

ud,
k af wmfu ]]jrifjh rwfaomvlom;onf 'kua© 0'emrsm;pGm cHawmfr&l rnf/
bmoma&;acgif;aqmifrsm;? ,Zfya&m[dwfBuD;rsm;? usrf;wwfq&mrsm;onf
xdkvlom;udk ypfy,fMuvdrfhrnf/ olonf towfcH&rnf/ odkYaomf towfcH&
NyD;aemuf oHk;&ufMumaomf ½Sifjyefxajrmufvdrfhrnf}} [k wynfhawmfwdkYtm;
(rmuk 8;31)
oGefoifawmfrl\/
udk,fawmfu ]]igonf ajrrSajr§mufxm;jcif;cH&aomtcg vlcyfodrf;wdkYudk
ighxHodkY qGJaqmifrnf}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/ þodkY rdefYawmfrljcif;rSm rdrdonf
tb,fodkYtowfcH&rnfudk t&dyft>ruftm;jzifh azmfjyawmfrljcif;jzpf\/
(a,m[ef 12;32-33)
ocifa,½Iu ]]þAdrmefawmfudk NzdKzsufMuavmh/ oHk;&uftwGif;
igjyefvnf wnfaqmufrnf}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/ ,k'trsKd;om;wdkYu
]]þAdrmefawmfudk av;q,fhajcmufESpfwdkifwdkif wnfaqmufcJh&\/ oifu
oH;k &ufEiS hf jyefvnf wnfaqmufEidk yf grnfavm}} [k ar;Mu\/ ud,
k af wmfum;
rdrd\ udk,fcE¨mwnf; [laom Adrmefawmfudk &nfpl;í rdefYawmfrljcif;jzpf\/
odkYrSom wynfhawmfwdkYonf udk,fawmfaojcif;rS ½Sifjyefxajrmufaomtcg
udk,fawmfrdefYawmfrlcJhonfudk jyefvnfowd&Murnf jzpfonf/
(a,m[ef 2;19-22)
a,meonf ig;BuD ; \0rf ; xJ w G i f oH k ; &uf w d k i f w d k i f a e&ouJ h o d k Y
jrifhjrwfaom vlom;onfvnf; ajrBuD;xJwGifoHk;&ufae&vwåHU/
(a,m[ef 12;40)
odkY&mwGif igonfaojcif;rS ½SifjyefxajrmufNyD;aemuf oifwdkYtvsif
(róJ 26;32)
*gvdvJjynfodkYoGm;ESifhrnf/

aemufwpfaeYü yocgyGJawmfodkY vmMuukefaom vly&dowftaygif;
wdkYonf a,½k½SvifNrdKUodkY ocifa,½I<uvmawmfrlrnf[k Mum;ojzifh
pGeyf vGecf ufrsm;udk udik af qmifum xGuo
f mG ;Ny;D vQif ]]bk&m;ocif\*kPaf wmfukd
csD;rGrf;Mu avmh/ xm0&bk&m;\emrawmfESifh <uvmaom £oa&vt½Sifonf
r*Fvm &Sdapawmfrlownf;}} [k a<u;aMumfvsuf udk,fawmftm;BudKqdkMu\/
usrf;pmawmfwGif ]]tdk? ZdtkefNrdKUom;wdkY? raMumufMuESifh? Munfhavm/
oifwYkd \t½Sio
f nf jrnf;uav;udpk ;D vsuf <uvmavNy}D } [k yg½So
d nfEiS t
hf nD
ocifa,½Ionf jrnf;wpfaumifudkawGUí xdkjrnf;udkpD;awmfrl\/
(a,m[ef 12;12-15)
ud,
k af wmfonf a,½k½v
S ifNrKd UodYk 0if&mwGif vly&dowfrsm;u pdw½f iT v
f ef;
0rf;ajrmufpGmjzifh BudKqdkMuaomfvnf; rdrdtm;t½Sifociftjzpf vufcH&efudkrl
jiif;y,fvdrfhrnfjzpfaMumif; od½Sdavonf/ a,½Ionf þvly&dowfrsm;u
rdrdwdkYxH Nidrfoufjcif;udkay;rnfh wpfyg;wnf;aomt½Sifudk vufcH&ef jiif;qef
onft
h wGuf a,½k½v
S ifNrKd Uom;wdYk tay: usa&mufrnf'h u
k u
© akd wG;rdwikd ;f idak <u;
rdavonf/
udk,fawmfonf a,½k½SvifNrdKUteD;odkYa&mufí xdkNrdKUudkjrifawmfrlvQif
idka<u; awmfrl\/ udk,fawmfu ]]tcsif;NrdKU? oifonf Nidrf;csrf;om,mrI
ud&k aponfv
h rf;udk ,aeYojd rifvQif r*Fvm½S\
d / odYk&mwGif xdv
k rf;udk oifonf
rodrjrifEdkif/ &efolrsm;onf oifhtm; tbufbufrS 0dkif;&HydwfqdkYonfh
tcsdefumva&mufvQif oifonf ausmufwpfcsyfrQwifí aevdrfhrnfr[kwf/
taMumif;rSm oifonf rdrt
d m;u,fwif&ef bk&m;ocif<uvmonfh tcsed u
f mv
udk rodrjrifaomaMumifhjzpf\}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/ (vkum 19;41-44)

30

31

a,½I - yocgyGJawmf\ ,Zfaumifodk;oli,f

a,½IopömazmufcH&í tzrf;cH&jcif;

a,m[efonf rdrdxHodkY ocifa,½I<uvmonfudkjrifvQif ]]avmuom;
wdkY\tjypfudk ,laqmifoGm;awmfrlaom bk&m;ocif\odk;oli,fudk MunfhMu
(a,m[ef 1;29)
avmh}} [k qdkav\/
waq;rJhrkefYyGJawmfwGif yocgodk;i,fudkowfí ylaZmf&maeY&uf usa&muf
vm\/ ud,
k af wmfu ayw½kEiS hf a,m[efwUkd tm; ]]igwdYk pm;&ef yocgyGn
J pmudk
oGm;í jyifqifMuavmh}} [k qdkí apvTwfawmfrl\/ xdkYaemuf udk,fawmfonf
rkefYudk,lí bk&m;ocif\aus;Zl;awmfudk csD;rGrf;awmfrlNyD;vQif rkefYudkzJhí
wynfhawmfwdkYtm; ay;awmfrl\/ udk,fawmfu ]]þrkefYum; oifwdkYtwGuf
pGefYaom ig\udk,fcE¨mjzpf\/ ighudk atmufarhowd&&ef þodkYjyKMuavmh}}
[k rdefYawmfrl\/ pyspf&nfcGufudkvnf;,lí bk&m;ocif\aus;Zl;awmfudk
csD;rGrf;NyD;aemuf ]]þpyspf&nfum; vltrsm;twGufoGef;aom bk&m;ocif\
y#dnmOfawmfudk wHqdyfcyfESdyfaom ig\aoG;jzpf\}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
(vkum 22;7-8?19/ rmuk 14;23-24)
xdkolonf n§Of;qJjcif;ESifh ESdrfhcsjcif;udkcHí EIwfudkrzGifhbJae\/
taoowfjcif;iSmaqmifoGm;aom odk;oli,fuJhodkY olYudkaqmifoGm;í odk;onf
tarG;n§yfaomola½SUrSm toHrjrnfbJaeouJhodkY olonf EIwfudkrzGifhbJae\/
(a[½Sm, 53;7)
tu,fpifppfc&pfawmfwnf;[laom yocgodk;oli,fonf igwdkYtwGuf
(1 aum 5;7)
,Zfwifjcif;udkcHavonf/
a½T? aiG tp½Sdonfh azmufjyefysufpD;wwfaomt&mu oifwdkYudk
rvGwfajrmufapbJ tjypftemtqmuif;pifonfh odk;oli,fESifhwlaom
c&pfawmf\toufawmfudk wifvSLylaZmfjcif;u oifwdkYtm; vGwfajrmufap
(1 ayw½k 1;18-19)
aMumif; oifwdkYodMu\/

wynfhawmfwpfusdyfESpfyg;wGif tygt0ifjzpfaom ,k'&Sum½kwfonf
udk,fawmfudk &efolYvufodkYtyf&ef ,Zfyka&m[dwfBuD;rsm;xHodkYoGm;\/
xdkolwdkYonf olvm&onfhtaMumif;udk Mum;odaomtcg 0rf;ajrmufojzifh
(rmuk 14;10-11)
olYtm;aiGay;&ef uwdjyKMu\/
xdYkaemuf ocifa,½Ionf wynfah wmfwYkdEiS t
hf wl a*oa&Sreftrnf½adS om
t&yfodkY a&muf&Sdawmfrl\/ udk,fawmfu ]]igonf xdkae&modkYoGm;í qkawmif;
aepOf oifwYkdþae&mwGif apmifah eMuavm}h} [k wynfah wmfwYkdtm; rSmMum;awmf
rlNy;D vQif ayw½kEiS hf aZaA'J\om;ESpaf ,mufwYkdukd ac:oGm;awmfr\
l / odYk&mwGif
udk,fawmfonf pdwfrcsrf;romjzpfawmfrlvsuf vGefpGmaomua&mufawmfrl
av\/ xdkYaemuf a&SUodkYtenf;i,f<uawmfrlí ajray:wGifysyf0yfawmfrlNyD;vQif
]]tdkuREfkyf\ tz? jzpfEdkifygu þ'ku©a0'emcGufudk tuREfkyfxHrS
vTJz,fay;awmfrlyg/ odkY&mwGif uREfkyf\tvdktwdkif;r[kwfbJ udk,fawmf\
tvdkawmftwdkif;om jzpfapawmfrlyg}} [k qkawmif;awmfrl\/
(róJ 26;36-37?39)
odYkjzpfí ,k'onf a&mrppfwyfcw
JG pfwyfu¤kd if;? ,Zfyak &m[dwBf u;D rsm;ESihf
zm&d½SJrsm;\ tapmifhwyfom;rsm;udk¤if; OD;aqmifí olwdkYonf rD;tdrfrsm;?
rD;wkwrf sm;ESihf vufeufrsm;udk udik af qmifvmMu\/ xdYkaemufa&mrwyfom;rsm;
ESihf ,k'trsK;d om; tapmifw
h yfom;rsm;onf ud,
k af wmfuzkd rf;qD;í csnaf ESmifMu
(a,m[ef 18;3?12)
av\/
,Zfyak &m[dwBf u;D rsm;ESiw
hf uG ,k'w&m;vTwaf wmftzGUJ 0iftaygif;wdYkonf
ocifa,½Itm; ao'Pfay;Edik &f ef oufaoud½k mS aomfvnf; rawGUMu/ vltrsm;
yif vdrfvnfoufaocHMu\/ odkY&mwGif olwdkY\xGufqdkcsufrsm; udkufnDrI
(rmuk 14;55-56)
r½Sday/

32

33

a,½Ionf jypfwif½IwfcscH&í um;wdkifwGif
towfcH&jcif;

a,½IaoqkH;jcif;ukd rsufjrifoufaorsm;rS
tpD&ifcHjcif;

eHeufapmapmü ,Zfyak &m[dwBf u;D rsm;ESihf bmoma&;acgif;aqmifrsm;onf
ocifa,½Iudkowf&ef wdkifyifMu\/ xdkYaemufudk,fawmfwdkY csnfaESmifí a&mr
bk&ifcH ydvwfrif;xHydkYaqmifí tyfvdkufMu\/ ydvwfrif;u ]]odkYjzpfvQif
c&pfawmfqdkoludk igtb,fodkYjyK&rnfenf;}} [k ar;\/ xdkoltaygif;wdkYu
]]olYtm; vuf0g;uyfwdkifwGifwifí owfyg}} [k qdkMu\/
(róJ 27;1-2?22)
ud,
k af wmfukd vuf0g;uyfwikd w
f iG w
f ifí owfonft
h csed rf mS eHeufu;kd em&D
jzpf\/ udk,fawmf\jypfrIudk uAÁnf;a&;xkd;í vuf0g;uyfwdkiftxufwGif
wifxm;onfum; ],k't½Sif} [líjzpfownf;/ udk,fawmfESifhtwl "m;jy
ESpfa,mufudk vuf,mbufwGifwpfa,muf? vuf0JbufwGifwpfa,muf
vuf 0 g; uyf w d k i f w G i f w if í owf M u\/ vrf ; oG m ;vrf ; vmwd k Y o nf
acgif;ndwv
f suf ]][Jh AdrmefawmfuNkd zKd zsuíf oH;k &uftwGi;f jyefvnfwnfaqmuf
rnfhol? vuf0g;uyfwdkifay:rS qif;cJhavmh/ oifhudk,fudk oifu,fwifavmh}}
[kqdkí udk,fawmfudk oa&mfMu\/ xdkenf;wlpGm ,Zfyka&m[dwfBuD;rsm;ESifh
usr;f wwfq&mrsm;uvnf; ]]þolonf olwpfyg;udu
k ,fwif\/ rdru
d ,
kd u
f rkd l
ru,fwifEdkifygwum;}} [k ajymifavSmifMu\/ (rmuk 15;25-31)
ocifa,½Ionf ]]tkt
d z?uk,
d af wmf½iS \
f vufawmfodk t
h uREyfk \
f 0dnmOfudk
tyfyg\}} [k us,favmifaomtoHjzifh [pfatmfa<u;aMumfNyD;aemuf touf
(vk u m23;46)
csKyfawmfrl\/

rGef;wnfhcsdefrStpjyKí rGef;vGJokH;em&Dwkdifatmif ajrwpfjyifvkH;wGif
arSmiftwdusav\/ ocifa,½Ionf wpfzefus,favmifpGm [pfatmfawmfrlNyD;
vQif toufcsKyaf wmfr\
l / xdt
k cg ajrivsiv
f yI íf ausmufaqmifrsm;NyKd uMJG u\/
wyfrSL;ESifhwuG ocifa,½IukdapmifhMunfhaeMuaom ppfom;rsm;onf ajrivQif
vIyfonfukd¤if;? tjcm;tjzpftysufrsm;ukd¤if; awGYjrifMuaomtcg vGefpGm
aMumufvefYMuí ]]þolum; tu,fyif bk&m;ocif\om;awmfjzpf\}} [k
(róJ 27;45?50-51?54)
qdkMu\/
xdkYaMumifh ppfom;rsm;onfvmí ocifa,½IESifhtwl vuf0g;uyfwdkif
wGif twifcH&aom yxrvl\ajcrsm;ukdcsKd;NyD;vQif tjcm;wpfa,muf\ajcrsm;
ukdvnf; csKd;Mu\/ ukd,fawmfxHokdY a&mufMuaomtcg toufcsKyfawmfrl
NyD;aMumif;ukd awGU½Sdojzifh eH½kd;udkxkd;vkduf&m csufcsif;yifaoG;ESifha&xGufvm\/
þokdhjzpfysuf&jcif;rSm ]]ol\t½kd;wpfacsmif;rQrusKd;ap&}} [kusrf;pmawmfwGif
yg½Sdonfhtwkdif;yifwnf;/ tjcm;usrf;pmwpfydk'fwGifvnf; ]]xkdolwkdYonf
rdrdvSHjzifhxkd;azmufaomolukd Munfh½IMu&vdrfhrnf}} [kyg½Sdao;\/
(a,m[ef 19;32-37)
oifwkdYonf uREkfyfwkdYukd,fwkdifrsufpdjzifhawGYjrifcJhNyD; bk&m;ocifu
aojcif;rS &Sifjyefxajrmufapawmfrlonfh oefY&Sif;aumif;jrwfawmfrlaom
toufydkif&Sifudk owfjzwfcJhMu\/ (wrefawmf 3;14-15)

34

35

a,½Ionf oN*ØKvfjcif;cHí oHk;&ufajrmufaom
aeYwGif ½Sifjyefxajrmufjcif;

a,½Iuaojcif;udk atmifEdkifjcif;

,Zfya&m[dwfrsm;ESifh zm&d½SJrsm;onf ydvwfrif;xHodkYoGm;NyD;vQif ]]t½Sif?
xdkvlvdrftouf½SifpOftcgu ]igonf oHk;&ufMumaomfaojcif;rS xajrmuf
rnf} [k ajymqdkcJhonfudk tuREfkyfwdkYrSwfrdyg\/ odkYjzpfí oHk;&ufajrmufaom
aeYtxd ocsKiØ ;f *lukd vHNk cKH pmG ydwíf apmifMh uyfap&ef trdeYfay;awmfryl g/ odYkr[kwf
ygrl ol\wynfhrsm;onf vmí ½kyftavmif;udkcdk;,lum olonf aojcif;rS
xajrmufavNy[
D k vlwYkd tm;ajymMuvdrrhf nf}} [k avQmufxm;Mu\/ ydvwfrif;
u ]]tapmifhwyfwpfwyfudkac:í ocsKiØ f;*ludk twwfEdkifqHk;apmifhMuyfapavm}h}
[kqdk\/ odkYjzpfí xdkolwdkYonf ocsKØif;*lodkYoGm;NyD;vQif ausmufwHk;udk
csdyfwHqdyfcyfESdyfum ocsKiØ f;*ludk vHkNcHKpGmydwfxm;Mu\/ xdkYaemuf apmifhMuyf&ef
(róJ 27;62-66)
tapmifhwyfom;rsm;udk csxm;Mu\/
OykofaeY ukefvGefNyD;aemuf we*FaEGaeY rdk;vif;pjyKaomtcg rm*'v
NrKd Uolrm&dEiS hf tjcm;rm&daemufwpfO;D wdYkonf ocsKiØ ;f awmfoYkdvmMu\/ xdt
k csed üf
ajrivsijf yif;pGmvIyaf vonf/ bk&m;ocif\ aumif;uifwrefonf aumif;uif
bHrk q
S if;oufvmí ocsKiØ ;f *l0rSausmufw;kH udk vSrd zhf ,fvu
kd Nf y;D vQif xdak usmufw;kH
ay:rSm xdkifae\/ ol\tqif;oP²mefonf vQyfppfvufouJhodkYjzpfí ol\
t0wftxnfonf rdk;yGifhuJhodkYjzL\/ tapmifhwyfom;rsm;onf vGefpGm
aMumufvefYojzifh wkefvIyfum aoouJhodkYjzpfMu\/ aumif;uifwrefu
trsK;d orD;wdUk tm; ]]raMumufMuESi/hf vuf0g;uyfwikd w
f iG w
f ifí towfc&H onfh
a,½Iudk oifwdkY ½SmaeaMumif;udk igod\/ udk,fawmfonf ,cifurdefYawmfrl
onfhtwdkif; aojcif;rS&SifjyefxajrmufawmfrNlyD}} [k qdk\/
(róJ 28;1-6)

36

udk,fawmfonf usrf;pmvmonfhtwdkif; oHk;&ufajrmufaomaeYü
(1 aum 15;4)
aojcif;rS &Sifjyefxajrmufawmfrlonf/
igonf toufwpfzefjyefvnf&½Sdap&ef udk,fhtoufudkpGefYawmfrlonf/
tb,folrS ightoufudk pGefYaponfr[kwf/ ightvdktavsmuf pGefYjcif;jzpf\/
ighrSm toufudkpGefYydkifcGifh? jyef,lydkifcGifh½Sd\/ (a,m[ef 10;17-18)
xm0&bk&m;ocifonf aojcif;udk epfreG ;f qH;k ½H;I apawmfrv
l rd rhf nf/ xdYk jyif
cyfodrf;aomvltaygif;\rsufESmwdkYrS rsuf&nfudkokwfawmfrlvdrfhrnf/
(a[&Sm, 25;8)
igonf tpESifh tqHk;jzpf\/ igonf touf½Sifawmfrlaomoljzpf\/
igonf aocJh\/ ,ckrSmrl urÇmtqufquf touf½Sifvsuf½Sd\/ igonf
aojcif;w&m;ESifh r&PEdkifiHudk tpdk;&\/ (Asm'dwf 1;18)
]]tdk r&PEdkifiH? oif\ atmifjrifjcif;um; tb,frSmenf;/ tdkaorif;?
oif\ tpG,u
f m; tb,frmS enf;}} odYk&mwGif t&Siaf ,½Ic&pftm;jzifh igwdYktm;
aojcif;udk atmifjrifciG ahf y;awmfral om bk&m;ocif\aus;Zl;awmfonf Bu;D vSpmG
(1 aum 15;55?57)
wum;/
þtjcif;t&mudk oifwdkYrtHhMoMuESifh/ ocsKiØ f;rSolaowdkYonf om;awmf
\toHawmfuMkd um;í xGuv
f mMurnfh tcsed u
f sa&mufvrd rhf nf/ tusiahf umif;udk
jyKco
hJ w
l Ykdonf xajrmufí touf&iS Mf u&vdrrhf nf/ tusiq
hf ;kd udjk yKco
hJ w
l Ykdru
l m;
xajrmufí tjypfpD&ifjcif;udk cH&vdrfhrnf/ (a,m[ef 5;28-29)

37

a,½I½SifjyefxajrmufNyD;aemuf udk,fxifjyjcif;
we*FaEGaeYeHeufapmapmtcsdefü udk,fawmfonf aojcif;rSxajrmufawmf
rlNyD;aemuf OD;pGm rm*'v½Gmol rm&dtm;udk,fxifjyawmfrl\/ xdkrm'*v½Gmol
rm&dxHrS ewfrdpämckESpfOD;udk udk,fawmfonfESifxkwfay;cJh\/ xdkYaemuf
wynfhawmfESpfa,muf awm½GmodkYoGm;MupOf udk,fawmfonf jcm;em;aom
toGifudkaqmifvsuf olwdkYtm; udk,fxifjyawmfrl\/
(rmuk 16;9?12)
wynfhawmfwdkYonf ,k'tmPmydkifwdkYudk aMumufojzifh we*FaEGaeYnOD;
tcsdefü tdrfwHcg;ydwfí pka0;aeMu\/ xdktcg ocifa,½Ionf <uvmawmf
rlí xdkolwdkYtv,frSm &yfawmfrlvsuf ]]oifwdkYü Nidrfoufjcif;½Sdapownf;}}
[k rdefYawmfrl\/ odkYrdefYawmfrlNyD;aemuf udk,fawmfonf vufawmfESifheHawmfudk
wynfhawmfwdkYtm; jyawmfrl\/ wynfhawmfwdkUonf ocifbk&m;udk awGUjrif&
(a,m[ef 20;19-20)
aomtcg 0rf;ajrmufMu\/
udk,fawmftm; ayw½kuzl;jrif&NyD; aemufvdkufwpfusdyfESpfyg;wdkYuvnf;
zl;jrifMu&\/ xdkYaemuf c&pf,mefnDtpfudk ig;&mausmfwdkYonf wpfNydKifeuf
zl;jrifMu&\/ xdYkaemuf ud,
k af wmftm; ,mukyzf ;l jrif&\/ xdYkaemuf wrefawmf
(1 aum 15;5-7)
taygif;wdkY zl;jrifMu&\/
odkY&mwGif wwd,aeYü bk&m;ocifonf udk,fawmfudk aojcif;rS&Sifjyef
xajrmufapawmfríl ud,
k x
f ifjyapawmfr\
l / vlwikd ;f ud,
k af wmfukd zl;jrifciG &hf Mu
onfr[kwf/ todoufaorsm;tjzpfjzifh bk&m;ocifBudKwifa½G;cs,fxm;ol
igwdYkomvQif zl;jrifMu&\/ igwdYkonf ud,
k af wmfaojcif;rS &Sijf yefxajrmufawmf
rlNyD;aemuf udk,fawmfESifhtwl pm;aomufcJholrsm;jzpfMu\/
(wrefawmf 10;40-41)

38

a,½Iu wynfhawmfwdkYtm; trIawmfaqmif&ef
rSmMum;NyD; aumif;uifbHkodkY<ujref;awmfrljcif;
xdkYaemuf wpfzefocifa,½Iu ]]oifwdkYü Nidrfoufjcif;½Sdapownf;/
crnf;awmfonf ighudkapvTwfawmfrlonfhenf;wl oifwdkYudk igapvTwf\}}
[k rdeYfawmfr\
l / xdYkaemuf wynfah wmfwYkdtay: wefc;kd awmfoufa&mufapvsuf
]]oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmfudk cH,lMuavmh}} [krdefYawmfrl\/
(a,m[ef20;21-22)
ocifa,½Iu ]]aumif;uifbHkü¤if;? urÇmajrBuD;ay:ü¤if; ½SdorQaom
wefcdk;tmPmwdkYudk igcH,l&½Sdxm;avNyD/ odkYjzpfí oifwdkYonfoGm;í vlrsKd;
wumwdkYudk ighwynfhjzpfapMuavmh/ olwdkYtm; crnf;awmf? om;awmf?
oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmf\emrudk trSDjyKí AwådZHr*Fvmudkay;Muavmh?/
oifwdkYtm; igay;orQaomynwfwdkYudk apmifhxdef;Muap&ef olwdkYtm;oGefoif
Muavmh/ igonf uyfurÇmukefqHk;csdefwdkifatmif oifwdkYESifhtwl tpOfrjywf
(róJ 28;18-20)
&Sdawmfrlrnf}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/
odkY&mwGif oifwdkYtay:odkY oefY½Sif;aom0dnmOfawmf oufa&mufaom
tcgü oifwYkdonf wefc;kd udck ,
H &l ½SMd uvdrrhf nf/ xdt
k cg oifwYkdonf a,½k&v
S if
NrdKU? ,k'jynfwpfjynfvHk;ESifh ½Srm&djynfrSpí urÇmajrBuD;tpGeftzsm;wdkifatmif
ig\taMumif;udk oufaocHolrsm;jzpfMuvdrfhrnf/ þodkY rdefYawmfrlNyD;aemuf
wrefawmfwdkYMunfhvsufaeMupOf udk,fawmfonf aumif;uifbHkodkYaqmif,l
jcif;udkcHawmfrl\/ xdkYaemuf rdk;wdrfonf udk,fawmfudkzHk;uG,fav\/
(wrefawmf 1;8-10)
þodkY wynfhawmfwdkYtm; rdefYawmfrlNyD;aomtcg ocifa,½Ionf
aumif;uifbHkodkYaqmif,ljcif;udk cHawmfrlNyD;vQif bk&m;ocif\vuf,mawmf
bufwiG f xdik af eawmfr\
l / wynfah wmfwYkd onf ocifb&k m;\ ulnv
D yk af qmif
rIjzifh t&yfwumodkY oGm;a&mufí w&m;a[majymMu\/
(rmuk 16;19-20)
39

a,½Iuwdawmfxm;½Sdonfhtwdkif; oefY½Sif;aom
0dnmOfawmfoufa&mufawmfrljcif;

a,½Ionf ,aeYwdkif ,HkMunfolrsm;\
ESvHk;tdrf0,f ½Sifoefaejcif;

igonfcrnf;awmftm; awmif;avQmufojzifh oifwdkYESifhtwl tpOftNrJ
½Síd oifwYkdtm;rpawmfral om tjcm;t&Siw
f pfyg;udk ay;awmfrv
l rd rhf nf/ xdt
k &Sif
onf bk&m;ociftaMumif;qdkif&m or®mw&m;udkazmfjyaom 0dnmOfawmfjzpf\/
avmuom;wdkYonf xdk0dnmOfawmfudk jrifvnf;rjrif? odvnf;rodojzifh
rcH,El ikd /f xd0k n
d mOfawmfonf oifwYkd EiS t
hf wl wnfaeawmfríl oifwYkd pw
d Ef v
S ;kH
wGif usdef;0yfawmfrlojzifh xdkt&SifudkoifwdkYodMu\/ igonfoifwdkYtm;
cdkudk;&mrJhjzpfaprnfr[kwf/ oifwdkYxHodkY igvmOD;rnf/
(a,m[ef 14;16-18)
yif a wuk a wå y G J a wmf a eY u sa&muf a omtcg wynf h a wmf w d k Y o nf
wpfae&mwnf;wGifpk½Hk;vsuf½SdMu\/ xdktcg avjyif;rkefwdkif;wdkufcdkufoHESifh
wlaomtoHonf txufaumif;uifrS ½kwfw&ufay:vm\/ xdkUaemuf
wynfhawmfwdkUaexdkif&mtdrfonf xdktoHjzifh jynfhav\/ olwdkYonf
rD;vQHrsm;ESifhwlaom t&mrsm;udkvnf; jrifMu\/ ,if;rD;vQHwdkYonf
tjzmjzmuGJum xdkolwdkY tay:wGifwnfae\/ xdkolwdkYonf oefY½Sif;aom
0dnmOfawmfjzifjh ynf0h vQuf 0dnmOfawmfay;tyfawmfro
l nfh wefc;kd pGr;f &nftwdik ;f
bmompum;trsKd;rsKd; a[majymMuukef\/ (wrefawmf 2;1-4)
xdkocifa,½Itm; bk&m;ocif&SifjyefxajrmufapawmfrlaMumif;udk igwdkY
tm;vHk;yif oufaojzpfMu\/ udk,fawmfonf bk&m;ocif\vuf,mawmf
bufwiG f pHy,f&ef cs;D jri§ jhf cif;cHawmfrNl y;D aemuf? crnf;awmfuwdxm;awmfro
l nfh
oefY&Sif;aom0dnmOfawmfudkcH,lí oifwdkY,ckawGUjrifMum;odaeMuonfh
0dnmOfawmfudk igwdkYtay:odkY oGef;avmif;awmfrlownf;/
(wrefawmf 2;32-33)

igESifhwpfvHk;wpf0wnf;aeMuavmh/ igonfvnf; wpfvHk;wpf0wnf;
wnfaernf/ pyspfudkif;onf tyifüwnfraevQif toD;roD;oD;EdkifouJhodkY
oifwdkYonf igüwnfraevQif toD;roD;EdkifMu/ igonf pyspfyifjzpf\/
oifwdkYu tudkif;tcufrsm;jzpf\/ igESifhuif;vQif oifwdkYonf tb,ft&m
udkrQ rwwfEdkifMuaomaMumifh rnfolYrqdk igüwnfaeí? igonfvnf;olUü
wnfaevQif rsm;pGmaomtoD;udk oD;vdrfhrnf/ (a,m[ef 15;4-5)
bk&m;ocif\ ynwfawmfwdkYudk apmifhxdef;olonf bk&m;ocifESifh
wpfvHk;wpf0wnf;jzpfí bk&m;ocifonfvnf; xdkolESifh wpfvHk;wpf0wnf;
jzpfawmfrl\/ ,if;odkYjzpfawmfrlaMumif;udk udk,fawmfay;oem;awmfrlaom
(1 a,m[ef 3;24)
0dnmOfawmftm;jzifh igwdkYodMu&\/
odkYjzpfí igonf toufr&SifawmhyJ? c&pfawmfomvQif ighü½Sifawmf
rl\/ ,ckighü½Sad omtoufonf bk&m;ocif\om;awmfukd ,HMk unfjcif;tm;jzifh
½SifoefvQufaeaomtoufyifjzpf\/ om;awmfonf ighudkcspfawmfrlojzifh
(*vmwd 2;20)
ightwGuf rdrdtoufudk pGefYawmfrl\/
udk,fawmfonf oifwdkYtm; pdwf"gwfBuHhcdkifappdrfhaomiSm 0dnmOfawmf
tm;jzifh wefcdk;pGrf;&nfudk ay;oem;awmfrl&ef igonf qkawmif;yXmemjyK\/
oifwdkY,HkMunfjcif;tm;jzifh oifwdkY pdwfESvHk;wGif usdef;0yfawmfrl&ef
({zuf 3;16-17)
igqkawmif;\/
rdrdwdkYZmwdoabmtvdktwdkif; jyKusifholwdkYonf bk&m;ocif\pdwfawmf
ESirhf awGUEdik /f odYk&mwGif bk&m;ocif\0dnmOfawmfonf oifwYkdtxJü tu,fyif
usdef;0yfawmfrlvQif oifwdkYonf Zmwdoabm vIHUaqmfonfhtwdkif;r[kwfbJ?
0dnmOfawmfoGefoifonfhtwdkif; jyKrlusifhBuHMu\/ c&pfawmf\0dnmOfawmf
rusdef;0yfaomolonf c&pfawmfESifh rnfodkYrQroufqkdif/
(a&mr 8;8-9)

40

41

a,½I\ bkef;usufoa&awmfudk csD;rGrf;jcif;

a,½Iu toif;awmfrsm;xHodkY Mo0g'ydkYojcif;

odkYaomf igwdkY awGUjrifMu&olum;? umvtenf;i,frQ aumif;uifwref
rsm;xuf ESdrfhcsrIudkcH&NyD; rdrdtaocHawmfrlonfhtwGuf bkef;toa&? *kPf
toa&ESifh jynfh0vQuf½Sdawmfrlaom ocifa,½Iyifjzpfawmfrl\/
(a[NAJ 2;9)
tBuD;jrwfqHk;aom bkef;toa&a&mifjcnfawmf½Sifu ]]þolum;
igESpfoufjrwfEdk;aom ig\ cspfom;jzpf\}} [laom toHawmf rdefYawmfrlaom
tcsdefü crnf;awmfbk&m;ocifxHawmfrS udk,fawmfonf *kPftoa&awmfESifh
bkef;toa&awmf cH,lawmfrl\/ xdkpOftcgu igwdkYudk,fwdkifyifvQif
udk,fawmfESifhtwl oefY½Sif;jrifhjrwfaom awmifawmfay:wGif½Sdí rdk;aumif;uifrS
xGufay:vmaomtoHawmfudk Mum;&ayonf/ (2 ay 1;17-18
1;17-18))
xdkrD;cGufESpfckpvHk;tv,fü vlESifhwlolwpfOD;udkawGU&\/ xdkolonf
ajczsm;wdkifatmifa&mufonfh 0wf½Hk&SnfNcHKí a½T&ifpnf;udk0wfqifxm;\/
ol\ qHyifonf rD;yGifhuJhodkU¤if;? odk;arT;uJhodkY¤if; jzL\/ ol\
rsufvHk;rsm;onfvnf; rD;vQHrsm;uJhawmufyvQufae\/ ol\ajcwdkYonf
rD;jzihcf Rwx
f m;onfh awmufyaomaMu;0gESiw
hf \
l / ol\toHrmS a&wHceG Bf u;D \
toHESifhwl\/ olonf vuf,mvufjzifh Mu,fckESpfvHk;udk udkifíxm;\/
ol\cHwGif;rS xufaomoHvQufxGufvm\/ ol\ rsufESmonfvnf;
rGef;wnfhaeuJhodkYawmufy\/ xdkt½Sifudk awGUaomtcg igonf olaoozG,f
ajcawmf & if ; üvJ u soG m ;avonf / ud k , f a wmf o nf ig\tay:od k Y
vuf,mvufawmfudk wifawmfrlNyD;vQif ]]raMumufESifh? igonf tpESifh
(Asm'dwf 1;13-17)
tqHk;jzpf\}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/

oifonf ,cktcgü ighudk rcspfawmhojzifh oifhtm; tjypfqdkp&m&Sd\/
odkYjzpfí oifonf tb,frQavmufusqif;vmonfudk qifjcifavmh/
aemifw&í tpujyKusifhcJhonfhtwdkif; jyKusifhavmh/
(Asm'dwf 21;4-5)
oifcH&rnfh qif;&J'ku©rsm;twGufrpdk;&drfESifh/ aoonfhwdkifatmif opöm
apmifhavmh/ odkYrSomoifhtm; toufo&zludkigay;rnf/
(Asm'dwf 2;10)
atmifjrifaomolonf 0wfjzLpifMu,fudk 0wf&vdrfhrnf/ igonf ol\
emrnfukd toufpmapmifrS zsuyf ,frnfr[kw/f olonf ig\wynfjh zpfaMumif;?
(Asm'dwf 3;5)
ig\crnf;awmfa&SUwGif igxkwfazmf0efcHrnf/
oifonf cGet
f m;pGr;f &nftenf;i,fom&Sad omfvnf;? ighMo0g'udk vdu
k ef m
um ig\opömudkapmifhcJhaMumif; igod\/ oif\a&SUü wHcg;udkigzGifhxm;NyD/
(Asm'dwf 3;8)
xdkwHcg;udk tb,folrQrydwfEdkif&m/
odkY&mwGif oifonf rylrat; aEG;½Hkom&Sdojzifh oifhtm; ig\cHwGif;rS
(Asm'dwf 3;16)
axG;xkwfrnf/
igonf rdrdcspfaomoltaygif;wdkYtm; qHk;rí tjypf'Pfay;wwf\/
igonf atmifjrifí ighrcnf;awmf\yv’ifay:rSm udk,fawmfESifhtwl
xdkifaeouJhodkY atmifjrifoltm; yv’ifay:rSm igESifhtwlxdkif&aomtcGifhudk
(Asm'dwf 3;19-21)
igay;rnf/

42

43

,aeYwGif a,½Irnfonfudk vkyfaqmifaeoenf;

a,½Iu jyefvnf<uvmawmfrlrnfhtaMumif;
uwdawmf xm;&Sdjcif;

odkYaomf c&pfawmfrlum; tjypfrsm;udkajz&ef tcgcyfodrf;twGuf
,Zfwpfck wnf;udk ylaZmfawmfrlNyD;aemuf bk&m;ocif\vuf,mawmfbufwGif
(a[NAJ 10;12
xdkifawmf rl\/
10;12))
igwdkYü bk&m;ocif\ om;awmfocifa,½Iwnf;[laom aumif;uifbHk
odkY <u0ifawmfrlonfh BuD;jrwfaom,Zfya&m[dwfrif; ½SdawmfrlaomaMumifh
igwdkYonf rdrdwdkY\bmomw&m;udk pGJNrJpGm qkyfudkifxm;MuukeftHh/ igwdkY\
,Zfya&m[dwfrif;onf igwdkY\tm;enf;csufrsm;twGuf rMuifemEdkifolr[kwf/
igwdYkenf;wl pHpk rf;aoG;aqmifjcif;trsK;d rsK;d udk cHc&hJ oljzpfaomfvnf; tjypf'pk ½du
k f
ESifh uif;vGwfawmfrl\/ odkYjzpfí ulnD&efvdktyfcsdefü u½kPmawmfESifh
aus;Zl;awmfudkcHpm;jcif;iSm igwdkYonf &J&ifhaompdwfESifhaus;Zl;awmf½Sd&m
bk&m;ocif\yv’ifawmfodkY wdk;0ifcsOf;uyfMupdkU/ (a[NAJ 4;14-16)
odkY&mwGif ocifa,½Irlum; edpöxm0&touf½Sifawmfrlojzifh ol\
,Zfya&m[dwf&mxl;onfvnf; tjcm;vufodkY rul;ajymif;Edkifawmhay/ odkYjzpfí
ud,
k af wmfonf rdru
d t
kd rSjD yKí bk&m;ocifawmfoYkd csO;f uyfMuoltaygif;wdYk tm;
tcgcyfodrf;u,fwifawmfrlEdkif\/ tb,faMumifhqdkaomf udk,fawmfonf
xdkolwdkY twGuf bk&m;ocifxHawmfwGif toem;cH&ef xm0pOftouf½Sifvsuf
(a[NAJ 7;24-25)
&SdawmfrlaomaMumifhwnf;/
bk&m;ocifu ]]igonfoifhudk tb,ftcgrQrpGefY? tb,ftcgürQ
ypfírxm;}} [k rdefUawmfrl\/ xdkYaMumifh ]]xm0&bk&m;onf ighudkrpawmf
rlaomt&Sifjzpfawmfrlojzifh igonf aMumufvefYvdrfhrnfr[kwf/ vlonf
ighudk tb,fodkYjyKEdkifoenf;}} [k igwdkYonf &J&ifhaompdwfESifh ajymqdkMupdkY/
(a[NAJ 13;5-6)
a,½Ic&pfonf raeY? ,aeY? aemifumvtpOftNrJ rajymif;rvJ aeawmf
(a[NAJ 13;8)
rl\/
44

a,½Iu ]]oifwdkYxHodkY igjyefvmí ig&Sd&mt&yfwGif oifwdkY&SdEdkifMuap&ef
oifwdkYudk ighxHodkYac:aqmifrnf}} [k rdefYawmfrl\/ (a,m[ef 14;3)
a<u;aMumftrdefYay;oH? aumif;uifwrefrif;\ [pfoH? bk&m;ocif\
wHydk;awmfrIwfoHudkMum;&aomtcg ocifbk&m;udk,fawmfwdkif aumif;uifbHkrS
qif;ouf<uvmawmfrlvdrfhrnf/ c&pfawmfudk,HkMunfí aovGefolrsm;onf
OD;pGm ½SifjyefxajrmufMuvdrfhrnf/ xdkYaemuf touf½Sifvsufusef&pfaom
igwdkYonf tmumowGif aovGefolwdkYESifhtwl ocifbk&m;ESifhawGUqHk&ef
rdk;aumif;uifodkY ,laqmifjcif;udk cH&Muvdrfhrnf/ þenf;tm;jzifh igwdkYonf
(1 ouf 4;16-17)
ocifbk&m;ESifhtwl tpOftNrJae&MuaytHh/
vQyfpD;vufí ta½SUt&yfrS taemuft&yfodkYwdkifatmif aumif;uif
wpfjyifvHk;xGef;vif;apouJhodkY vlom;<uvmawmfrlvdrfhrnf/ xdktcg vlom;
<uvmawmfrlrnfh edrdwfvu©Pmonf rdk;aumif;uifwGif ay:xGef;vmvdrfhrnf/
rdk;wdrfudkpD;vsuf BuD;pGmaombkef;wefcdk;awmfjzifh vlom;<uvmawmfrlonfudk
urÇmay:½Sd vltaygif;wdkYonf jrifMuaomtcg idka<u;jrnfwrf;Muvdrfhrnf/
xdYkaemuf vlom;onf Bu;D rm;aom wHy;kd c&mudk rIwaf pNy;D vQif rdr\
d aumif;uif
wrefrsm;tm; t&yfav;rsuEf mS odYk apvTwíf urÇmajrBu;D wpfpeG ;f rS wpfpeG ;f txd
&Sdaom udk,fawmfa½G;cs,fxm;awmfrlaomolwdkYudk odrf;apawmfrlvdrfhrnf/
(róJ 24;27?30-31)
vlom;onf crnf;awmf\ bkef;toa&udkaqmifvsuf aumif;uifwref
rsm;ESifhtwl <uvmawmfrlvwåH/ xdktcg vltaygif;wdkYonf rdrdwdkY\ tusifh
tavsmuf tusKd;tjypfudk ay;qyfawmfrlvdrfhrnf/ (róJ 16;27)

45

a,½Ionf urÇmavmuudk w&m;pD&ifawmfrl
vdrfhrnf

a,½Ionf urÇmavmuudk xm0&tkyfpdk;awmfrl
vdrfhrnf

bk&m;ocifonf ,cktcgü ae&mt&yf&yfrS vltaygif;wdkYtm; aemifw
&apjcif;iSm trdeYf ay;awmfrNl y;D tb,faMumifq
h akd omf ud,
k af wmfa½G;cs,cf efYxm;
awmfrlaom t&Siftm;jzifh avmuom;wdkYudk ajzmifhrSefpGmw&m;pD&ifawmfrlrnfh
aeU&ufudk owfrSwfawmfrlNyD;aomaMumifhwnf;/ xdkodkYjzpfrnftaMumif;udk
xdt
k &Sit
f m; aojcif;rS &Sijf yefxajrmufapawmfral omtm;jzifh vltaygif;wdYk tm;
(wrefawmf 17;30-31)
cdkifvHkaom oufaojyawmfrlNyD/
w&m;pD&if&maeY&ufa&mufaomtcg ]]ocif? ocif? tuREfkyfwdkYonf
ud k , f a wmf \ emrawmf u d k trS D j yKí bk & m;ocif \ EI w f u ywf a wmf u d k
a[mMum;cJhMu onfr[kwfygavm/ udk,fawmf\emrawmfudk trSDjyKí
ewfrdpämrsm;udk ESifxkwf cJhMuonfr[kwfygavm/ udk,fawmf\emrawmfudk
trSDjyKí tHhMozG,ftrIt&m rsm;udk jyKcJhMuonfr[kwfygavm}} [k vltrsm;yif
ightm;ajymMum;Muvdrrhf nf/ xdt
k cg ]]qd;k oGr;f olwYkd? oifwYkdukd tb,ftcgurQ
igrod/ ighxHrS xGufoGm; Muavmh}} [k xdkolwdkYtm;igajymrnf/
(róJ 7;22-23
7;22-23))
igwdkYtm;vHk;onf rdrdwdkYjyKcJhorQudk bk&m;ociftm; tpD&ifcHMu&rnf/
(a&mr 14;12)
nOfo
h ef;acgifwiG f olc;kd vmouJo
h Ykd xm0&bk&m;\aeY&ufonf usa&muf
vmvdrfhrnf/ ,if;aeY&ufü rdk;aumif;uifonftoHjrnf[D;vsuf? aysmufuG,f
oGm;vdrfhrnf/ Mu,fwm&mrsm;onfvnf; uRrf;avmifMuvdrfhrnf/ xdktcg
urÇmajrBuD;ESifhwpfuG ajray:wGif&SdorQt&mwdkYonf aysmufuG,foGm;vdrfhrnf/
þt&mtm;vHk;wdkYonf þodkYysufpD;oGm;&rnfqdkygrl oifwdkYonf tb,f
odkYaomolrsm;jzpfoifhMuoenf;/ odkY&mwGif igwdkYonf bk&m;ocifuwdxm;
awmfrlonfh ajzmifhrwfjcif;w&m;wnf&m rdk;aumif;uifopfESifh ajrBuD;opfudk
(2 ay 3;10-13)
apmifharQmfvsufaeMu\/

bk&m;ocifonf udk,fawmftm; txufb0*fodkYwdkifatmif csD;ajr§mufí
bGJYemrwumwdkYxufBuD;jrwfaom bGJYemrudk ay;oem;awmfrl\/ xdkYaMumifh
rdk;ESifhajratmuf½Sd owå0gtaygif;wdkYonf ocifa,½I\emrawmfudk ½dkao
OD;nGwfvsuf a,½Ic&pfonf t&Sifocifjzpfonf[k EIwfjzifh0efcHojzifh
crnf;awmf bk&m;ocif\ bkef;toa&awmfudk xGef;awmufapMuvdrfhrnf/
(zdvdyÜd 2;9-11)
nOfhoef;acgif,Hcsdef igonf tm½HkjyKaepOf vlom;ESifhwlaomol
wpfOD;onf rdk;wdrfudkpD;vsuf a&mufvmawmfrl\/ wdkif;EdkifiHwumwGif
aexdik af om bmompum;trsK;d rsK;d ajymqdak om vlrsK;d wumwdYk ut
kd yk pf ;kd apjcif;iSm
xdkolonf EdkifiHESifh wuG tmPmpufwefcdk;udk&\/ xdkol\tmPmpufawmf
onf ysufpD;aysmufuG,froGm;bJ urÇmtqufqufwdkifatmifwnfí
EdkifiHawmfonfvnf; ysufpD;jcif;odkYra&mufEdkif&m/ ('Ha,v 7;13-14)
taoowfjcif;cH&aom odk;oli,fawmfonf wefcdk;? pnf;pdrfcsrf;om?
OmPfynm? cGeftm;pGrf;&nf? *kPfoa&? bkef;tmEkabmf? csD;rGrf;jcif;wdkYudk
(Asm'dwf 5;12)
cHxdkufawmfrlyg\/
xdkpOf rdk;aumif;uifrS us,favmifpGmaomtoHjzifh ]]urÇmavmuudk
tk y f p d k ; aomtmPmonf igwd k Y t &S i f E S i f h ud k , f a wmf a r&S d , vuf x J o d k Y
a&mufvmavNy/D ud,
k af wmfonf urÇmtqufquf pd;k pHawmfrv
l rd rhf nf}} [laom
(Asm'dwf 11;15)
toHudk Mum;&\/

46

a,½Ionf oifhtm;olUxHodkY vma&mufapvdkonf
0efav;í yifyef;aomoltaygif;wdkY? ighxHodkYvmMuavmh/ igonf
okccsrf;omay;rnf/ igonf El;nHhodrfarGUí pdwfESvHk;ESdrfhcs\/ xdkYaMumifh
igwifaom xrf;ydk;udkxrf;í ig\xHwGif enf;emcH,lMuavmh/ oifwdkYonf
(róJ 11;28-29)
okccsrf;om&&SdMuvdrfhrnf/
igonf wHcg;a&SUwGif&yfí wHcg;acgufvsufae\/ ig\toHudk Mum;í
wHcg;udkzGifhaomol\tdrfodkY ig0ifNyD;vQif olESifhtwlpm;aomufrnf/ olonf
(Asm'dwf 3;20)
vnf; igESifhtwl pm;aomuf&vdrfhrnf/
vltcsKdUwdkY xifrSwfouJhodkY xm0&bk&m;onf rdrd\uwdawmfudk
taumiftxnfazmf&ef aESmifah ES;vsuaf eawmfro
l nfr[kw/f rnforl Qrysupf ;D bJ
vlwdkif;aemifw&ap&ef tvdkawmf&Sdí oifwdkYudkonf;cHawmfrlayonf/
(2 ay 3;9)
crnf;awmf ightm;ay;tyfawmfrlaom oltaygif;wdkYonf ighxHodkY
vmMuvdrfhrnf/ ighxHvmaomoludk igonf ypfy,fvdrfhrnfr[kwf/
(a,m[ef 6;37)
xm0&bk&m;\emrawmfudk trSDjyKí qkawmif;ywåemjyKMuoltaygif;
wdkYonf u,fwifawmfrljcif;udk cHMu&vdrfhrnf/ (wrefawmf 2;21)
u,fwif&m aeY&ufumvonf ,aeUyifjzpfonf/ (2 aum 6;2)
a&iwfolonf ighxHodkY vmygap/ toufa&udk tvdk&Sdolonf tcrJh
(Asm'dwf 22;17)
,lygap/

48

47

oifocifa,½IESifh rnfuJhodkY aexdkif&rnfenf;/
om;awmfu,
kd MkH unfoo
l nf xm0&toufu&kd \/ om;awmf\pum;udk
em;raxmiforl u
l m; toufurkd &bJ bk&m;ocif\trsuaf wmfoifo
h jl zpfvrd rhf nf/
(a,m[ef 3;36)
þrQxl;jrwfonfh u,fwifjcif;w&m;awmfudk igwdkY*&krpdkufbJaeMurl
tb,fodkYvQif igwdkYonf tjypf'PfpD&ifjcif;ESifh uif;vGwfEdkifMuygrnfenf;/
(a[NAJ 2;3)
odkY&mwGif vltcsKdUwdkYonf ukd,fawmfudk,HkMunfvufcHojzifh bk&m;ocif
(a,m[ef 1;12)
\ om;orD;rsm;jzpfcGifhudk&Mu\/
odkYjzpfí oifwdkYonf npfnrf;onfhtavhtxESifh qdk;,kwfonfhtusifh
rSeforQwdkYudk y,f&Sm;Muavmh/ oifwdkY\pdwftwGif;ü bk&m;ocifoGif;ay;
awmfral om w&m;awmfonf oifwYkduu
kd ,fwifEikd \
f / w&m;awmfukd odraf rGUpGm
(,mukyf 1;21)
cH,lMuavmh/
oifwdkYonf ocifa,½It&SifocifjzpfawmfrlaMumif;udk EIwfjzifh0efcHí
bk&m;ocifonf xdkt&Siftm; aojcif;rS &SifjyefxajrmufapawmfrlaMumif;udk
pdwEf v
S ;kH xJü,HMk unfMuvQif bk&m;ocifonf oifwYkduu
kd ,fwifawmfrv
l rd rhf nf/
tb,faMumifq
h akd omf igwdYkonf ,HMk unfjcif;tm;jzifh bk&m;ocifEiS hf rSeu
f efpmG
qufoG,fcGifh&í EIwfjzifh0efcHjcif;tm;jzifh u,fwifjcif;cH&aomaMumifhjzpf\/
(a&mr 10;9-10)

49

Amazing Life of Christ (Burmese)

Circulation within the Church

Burmese ALC

1-12