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The Teaching Profession: An Overview "If your plan is for one year.....

plant rice; if your plan is for ten years....plant a tree; but if your plan is for eternity...EDUCATE children." (Confucius)

A. Basic Concepts STRATEGY OF TEACHING---refers to the science of developing a plan to attain goal and to guard against undesirable results. It means the art of using psychological plan in order to increase the probabilities and favorable consequences of success and to lessen the chances of failure.

METHOD OF TEACHING-----refers to the series of related and progressive acts performed by a teacher and the students to attain the specific objectives of the lesson. It is a plan involving sequence of steps to achieve a given goal or objective.

TECHNIQUE OF TEACHING--refers to the personalized style of carrying out a particular step of a given method. It is a skill employed by the teacher in carrying on the procedures or act of teaching.

DEVICE----is a teaching aid or tool to facilitate instruction. Examples: pictures, flash cards, etc. Direction: Choose the best answer from the choices given. 1. The characteristic of instructional plans allow the parts to have a smooth flow of transition. A. Clarity C. Coherence B. Symmetry D. Conciseness 2. Realia is used whenever it is A. Available C. Affordable B. Feasible D. Plausible 3. To show how blood circulates in the heart, which of the following devices will be the best choice A. Model C. Replica B. Mock-up D. Realia 4. An activity to help students activate prior knowledge before beginning a new topic. A. LINK C. SQ3R B. 2x4x8 teaching D. One on one teaching 5. When a teacher is fair, caring and approachable, she is exercising her _________power. A. Referent power C. Reward Power B. Legitimate power D. Expert Power

1. A. B.

2. A. B.

3. A. B.

4. A. B.

5. A. B.

CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT Yuan always waits at his neighbor Gerald every morning. He enjoys seeing him while biking and imitates the actions of Gerald while he rides his own bike. Who is the proponent of Social Learning Theory which applies in the situation? Bandura C. Bruner Kohlberg D. Skinner RATIONALIZATION: A- Albert Bandura developed the Social Learning Theory and advocated that children learn from what they see in the environment. A child submitted a poor written report but packaged with brightly colored paper. This showcases_______. Art over academics C. art over science Substance over porma D. porma over substance RATIONALIZATION: D- When a student focuses more on designs and embellishments rather than of content of a report, then it shows porma over substance. With the use of mnemonics, the students are able to _____information. Analyze C. understand Apply D. remember RATIONALIZATION: D-mnemonics like My Dear Aunt Sally to mean multiplication, division, addition and subtraction help students remember information easily According to Krathwohls affective domain of objectives,________ is the lowest level of affective behavior. Valuing C. responding Organization D. characterization RATIONALIZATION: C-the arrangement of Krathwohls affective domain is responding, valuing, organization and characterization. A boy is closer to his mother and a girl is close to her father. These instances are under_. Oedipal complex C. phallic stage Latent stage D. Pre-genital stage RATIONALIZATION: C-when a boy is closer to the mother (Oedipus complex) and a girl is closer to her father (Electra complex), these instances are under Freuds phallic stage in the Psychosexual Development Theory. Click to read more>>>>>>>>>

1. A. B.

2. A. B.

3. A. B.

4. A. B.

SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF EDUCATION Teacher Abi asks one of her students, What do you want to become when you grow up? This question is an indication of what kind of philosophy? Progressivism C. Existentialism Naturalism D. Idealism RATIONALIZATION: D-idealism because it stresses the existence of ideas independent from the material world. Ideas that which exist in the mind are the only reality. Teacher Jessy has not only explained the concept of Philosophy of Education but also imparted this to her students. This demonstrates what kind of philosophy? Naturalism C. Realism Idealism D. Perennialism RATIONALIZATION: C-realism concerns with what is real, actual. For ideas to be realized, they must be transferred or demonstrated. Which pillar of learning aimed in the acquisition of the instrument of understanding in order to develop the students learn-to-learn skills? Learning to do C. learning to live together Learning to know D. learning to be RATIONALIZATION: B- learning to know implies learning how to earn by developing ones concentration, memory skills and ability to think, acquiring the instrument of understanding. In his class, Teacher Jakob always presents principles and values so as to encourage his students to examine them and decide for themselves whether to accept them or not. What kind of philosophy does he practice? Idealism C. Humanism Essentialism D. Existentialism RATIONALIZATION: D-Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes subjectivity, freedom and responsibility.


When a teacher emphasizes that mans sense should be trusted because they are the only way to acquire knowledge, the teacher can be regarded as____. A. Naturalist C. Empiricist B. Realist D. Pragmatist RATIONALIZATION: C-empiricism upholds that the only source of knowledge is the senses and sense-based experience. Click to readmore>>>>>>>>>

1. A. B.

2. A. B.

3. A. B. 4. A. B.

5. A. B.

PRINCIPLES AND STRATEGIES OF TEACHING The school conducted a general student election for the Supreme Student Council. The election is patterned after the COMELEC system. The school is using what kind of technique? Symposium C. Panel discussion Simulation D. Dramatization RATIONALIZATION: B-simulation is an activity that simulates almost real-life situation. Other applications of simulation are the following: simulated flight for aviation students, assigning student to be the mayor of the day. During problem solving method, the teachers primary role is: Director C. lecturer Clarifier D. judge RATIONALIZATION: B-during problem solving activities, the teacher acts as a clarifier especially when students are in doubt how to go about the problem. Which among the following devices can be a scaled replica of a certain object? Mock ups C. globes Models D. maps RATIONALIZATION: B- models like Heart Models are scaled replicas. Which of the following would be the best choice if a teacher would like to focus on attitudinal change? Dramatization C. role play Field study D. simulation RATIONALIZATION: C-role playing allows the child to shows his own personal emotions and therefore is a good option when focusing on attitudinal change. This method relies heavily upon showing the learners a model performance. Activity C. reporting Demonstration D. field study RATIONALIZATION: B- demonstration includes Teacher-Directed Demo, Student-Directed Demo, Teacher-Student Directed Demo and Resource Person-Directed Demo.

The adoption of scientific techniques to control and manipulate environment such as modem methods for farming and fishing is called

A. social change B. cultural change C. technological change D. discovery change

2. Heavily sanctioned folkway which no one dares to question because they embody moral laws are called

A. beliefs B. mores C. customs D. tradition

3. What is that inevitable force in history which takes place from time to time?

A. change B. progress C. development D. evolution

4. Nora Aunor became a legend in the showbusiness because of her talent,determination and hard work. What role does this illustrate?

A. achieved role B. ascribed role C. hereditary role D. temporary role

5. Pinning veil around the bride and the groom / exchange of rings, releasing ofdoves, etc. during wedding ceremony show that culture

A. symbolic

B. historical C. continuous D. changeless

6. Aling Maria has taught her daughter how to prepare good and delicious desserts from local fruits and vegetables. What cultural transmission process is this?

A. observation B. acculturation C. enculturation D. indoctrination

7. Mr. Francisco was teaching something on mores, folkways, customs and beliefs in his Social Studies class. What was his lesson about?

A. material culture C. tangible culture B. non-material culture D. hereditary culture

8. It was the first day of school . Miss Dale Rosa prepared activities which will make her Grade III children sing, play, talk, learn and introduce themselves to the class. What process did the teacher emphasize?

A. enculturation B. indoctrination C. socialization D. acculturation

9. Mildred, an accountant, who now lives with a married man was disowned by her family and friends. This punishment is a form of _____________.

A. isolation B. ostracism C. deportation D. character assassination

10.When a certain culture is acceptable to one group and questionable to others, it shows that: A. culture is borrowed B. culture is varied C. culture is a shared product D. culture is relative

11. The teaching and learning of religion and values mostly make use of

A. enculturation B. culturation C. indoctrination D. acculturation

12. Which of the following situations presents a value conflict?

A. The teacher pressures the student to get higher grades. B. The teacher and his students have better class standing as their priorities.

C. The teacher and the administrator follow a set of criteria in giving grades D. The teacher has students whose parents want their children to obtain higher grades than what they are capable of getting.

13. Miss Santiago is a stickler for cleanliness and orderliness in the classroom. For this, she asks her students to

A. do the same even when they're at home B. remove their shoes in entering the classroom. C. formulate norms and remind them often to follow these norms. D. bring cleaning materials and clean the room before, during, and after classes

14. Which situation shows that a sense of nationhood is exemplified?

A. When Miss Aguas asked her Grade II students in what country they wish tolive, most of them chose Australia. B. The class was asked which brand of chocolate they would rather have, no onechose "chocnut." C. There is a class program. The girls volunteered to do a "balagtasan' D. The boys opted to make a choral rendition of the theme song of the movie "Titanic."

15. Which statement best indicates a balance between responsibility and authority? Miss Soriano has just provided a group activity to her class. While the class is at it, she says...

A. You can talk as much as you want. B. You are forbidden to talk with each other. C. I'll send you out of the room if you so much create noise.

D. You can talk provided you finish the work on time and do not disturb the other group

16. Which of the following behaviors bespeaks of a professional teacher?

A. Speaks ill of the Filipino ways B. Advocates the theme of nationhood C. Imparts his personal beliefs and ideology D. Seeks the cooperation of the parents for her own interests

17. Which situation shows a desirable relationship between teachers and other groups of people?

A. Mrs. Magsino, a newly-assigned principal to Barangay San Andres, calls on the barangay chairman. B. The new teacher was requested to help the barangay council in a case involving one of his students. He declined. C. Mr. Tiglao feels that the barangay council is against his plans; so, he does notconsult the council even if there is a need for it. D. The principal does her own way of campaigning for cleanliness in and outside the school; she never gets involved with the same campaign of the barangay officials.

18. If you were Mrs. Norman, which action would you take to show a balance between balance and accountability?

A. Give them more free time during the camping period. B. See to it that the older boy scouts take charge of the safety of the group C. Let the boy scouts do the scheduled activities during the camping while he had a drinking spree with the other scout masters. D. Prepare structured activities that allow independent work among the boy scout them according to the agreed criteria. groups and rate

19-20. Which two characteristics of eastern philosophies might have influenced Philippine education?

A. Focus on the individual. B. The group is above self. C. Knowledge comes about through meditation. D. Man's way of life must be characterized by harmony.

21. Which situation shows that action is legal but not moral? Public official, entitled to specific privileges from the government

A. Takes the most economical fare in going about his duties. B. Does his job without getting favors from the client he serves. C. Reverts back to the public coffers the 10% commission due him. D. Buys the latest and the most expensive car model for his department.