An internal- combustion engine has a minimum combustion temperature of 1500oC. The exhaust-gas temperature is 450oC.

What is the maximum possible efficiency of the engine? When an exhaust-gas supercharger is fitted, the exhaust-gas temperature drops to 250oC. What effect does this have on the maximum possible efficiency?

SOLUTION
Temperature in kelvins of the working substance when heat flows in from the source (hot temperature)
Th  1773.15K
1500°C  1773.15 K

c 

Th  Tc Th

Temperature in kelvins of the working substance when heat flows out to the sink (cold temperature)

Tc  723.15K
450°C  723.15 K

c  0.592

(a) The maximum possible efficiency of the engine is 59.2%

Exhaust-gas temperature drops to
Th  Tc.drop Th

250°C  523.15 K

Tc.drop  523.15 K

c.drop 

c.drop  0.705

(b) The maximum possible efficiency of the engine increases to 70.5%