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PRESIDENT U THEIN SEINS SHAM CEASEFIRE AND PEACE PROCESS NO.117

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PRESIDENT U THEIN SEINS SHAM CEASEFIRE AND PEACE PROCESS NO.117

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| June 11, 2013 irrawaddy

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Monday, June 10, 2013 IRRAWADDY
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Wednesday, June 5, 2013 IRRAWADDY

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UWSA Wants Autonomous State, Not


Independence
By NYEIN NYEIN / THE IRRAWADDY| Wednesday, June 5, 2013 |

Panghsang is the Wa capital and headquarters of the United Wa State Army (UWSA).
(Photo: Sai Zom Hseng / The Irrawaddy)
The United Wa State Army (UWSA) is pushing to upgrade its territory from an
autonomous region to an officially recognized autonomous state in northeast Burma,

but is not aspiring for complete independence from the national government, the
ethnic armed group said.
Its not to split the Wa area from the mainland, Sam Khun, a spokesman for the
UWSAs political wing, the United Wa State Party, told The Irrawaddy recently. The

UWSA, one of the strongest armed groups in Burma, was granted an autonomous
region in a remote area that borders China in the 2008 Constitution, which was
backed by the former junta. But its leaders say the region is not enough
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We guarantee we are not asking for an independent state, a Wa representative


told The Irrawaddy in the Kachin State capital of Myitkyina, while attending peace
talks last week between ethnic Kachin rebels and the government in Burmas
northernmost state.

Sam Khun said the UWSA wanted autonomy to administer their own land and
improve rights conditions for the 500,000 or so ethnic Wa people, who like many
ethnic minorities in the country were oppressed by the former junta.
Were asking for state autonomy, he said. They gave us a Wa-owned

administrative region, which we cannot accept because a region is smaller than a


state.
The Wa leader said the group faced problems over land distribution, with demands
from the national government to hand over the southern Wa area.
We cannot move from the area, which we occupied by fighting, he said. If they
want it, fight us. We cannot leave for free.
The UWSA, which is legendary for its involvement in the drug trade, agreed to a
ceasefire with Burmas military regime in the 1990s but did not disarm or give up
controlled areas.
Sam Khum denied that opium plantations existed in Wa-controlled areas.
Drug plantation hasnt been happening there since 2005, but the drug trade is there
because of traders, he said.
He said Wa and Chinese anti-drug forces regularly swept through the region. If
people were caught growing opium poppies, he said, they would be sentenced to
seven years in prison.

He also denied recent allegations that the armed group received weapons from
China.

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The weapons werent purchased recently, they were already there, he said, adding
that engineless fighter planes had been shown in public parks to attract tourists,
including from Laos, China and inland Burma, but that the planes could not fly.
He said the Wa had a good relationship with China, their sole trade partner, but
were independent from the giant East Asia neighbor.

Wa works for its people and its development, he said. We stand on our own feet
for the betterment of the Wa ethnic people. We do not have support from other
foreign countries.
The Wa autonomous region, which comprises six townships in Shan State, runs for
about 500 kilometers along the China border. The Wa restrict access to their
territory, but any Burmese citizen can enter freely as long as they do not carry

weapons or ammunition. They must hold a Burmese identification card to travel in


the Wa region, Sam Khun said.

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Wednesday, June 5, 2013 IRRAWADDY

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Sunday, June 2, 2013 IRRAWADDY

(-/)


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Thursday, 13 June 2013 11:05


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KIA

KIA soldiers aim their machine gun at Burmese government troop positions during
fighting in January 2013.

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KIA

KIA

Tuesday, May 28, 2013 irrawaddy

www.irrawaddy.org/archives/35635
KIA

- /

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UN Special Envoy, Chinese Observers


Attend Kachin Peace Talks
By NYEIN NYEIN & SAW YAN NAING / THE IRRAWADDY| Tuesday, May 28, 2013 |
IRRAWADDY

The UNs special envoy to Burma, Vijay Nambiar, attended peace talks on Tuesday
between the Burmese government and Kachin rebels in Myitkyina, the capital of

Kachin State, the first time the UN high official has participated in such
negotiations.Reporters from The Irrawaddy in Myitkyina reported that Chinese
observers as well as representatives from eight of Burmas armed ethnic groups,
including the Wa, Karen, Shan, Karenni and Mon, were also present for Tuesdays

meeting. All ethnic and foreign observers who attended the meeting were invited by
the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO).It is the first time the KIO agreed to

attend peace talks in the government-controlled region of Myitkyina, with the

previous two rounds of talks held in neighboring China.We come to hold talks here
[Myitkyina] not because there is peace in our state, but because it is necessary to
come and hold such a meeting, said Gen Sumlut Gun Maw, the vice-chief of staff of

the KIOs military wing, the Kachin Independence Army (KIA). We come here
because we need to discuss political matters.In previous rounds of peace talks, the

KIO had pushed for the presence of a monitoring team of Western and UN
representatives to observe the negotiations. However, China strongly rejected the
proposal, fearing such observers would interfere with the peace process. According

to sources close to the Burma governments peace delegation, China even


intervened in the wording of previous statements released jointly by the two parties.
According to representatives of both the KIO and the government peace delegation,
military affairs will also top the agenda during this weeks negotiations, part of which

includes a plan to open liaison offices in Kachin State where on-and-off hostilities
have broken out in the past, in order to ease military tensions between the two
parties.The KIO will also hold a meeting with Kachin civilians in Myitkyina on
Wednesday. They expect to conclude the talks on Thursday.

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Aung Min, who is the governments key peace negotiator, said he was also trying to
arrange an ethnic conference in Naypyidaw in July, where he would invite all ethnic
representatives to participate in the gathering.A high-ranking government army
official, Lt-Gen Myint Soe, who commands the Bureau of Special Operations-1

overseeing military operations in Kachin State, also attended the Kachin peace talks,
where he delivered opening remarks.Other ethnic representatives including the

Karen National Union (KNU) were also present as observers. Civilian representatives
such as Kachin States Chief Minister La John Ngan Hsai, the KIOs education chief
Sumlut Gam and other local Kachin observers were also presented for the talks.
KIO leaders arrived in Myitkyina on Monday, greeted by thousands of Kachin
supporters who took to the streets to welcome the KIO delegations convoy.Many

supporters waved KIO flags while others chanted an ethnic Kachin national anthem
and played Kachin traditional instruments. The KIO have held several rounds of
peace talks with the government peace team in an attempt to reforge a 17-year-old

ceasefire agreement that was broken two years ago. The two sides have yet to
produce tangible results.The KIO, the nations second largest armed ethnic rebel

group with an estimated 10,000 fighters, signed a ceasefire agreement with the
former Burmese military regime in 1994, but the agreement broke down in June
2011 when fighting erupted between the government army and KIA soldiers.

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KIO-Govt Peace Talks to Resume Next


Week in Kachin State
By NYEIN NYEIN / THE IRRAWADDY| Tuesday, May 21, 2013 | IRRAWADDY

The Kachin Independence Army (KIA) standing committee is pictured at a briefing


before setting off to a previous round of peace talks. (Photo: The Irrawaddy)
Stalled peace talks between the rebel Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) and
government negotiators will resume next week in northern Burma, according to
sources from both parties.The talks, which will be the first held inside the country, in
Kachin States capital Myitkyina, have been planned since March but beset by
postponements.We agreed in principle to meet in Myitkyina on May 28, said Min

Zaw Oo, director of the ceasefire negotiation team at the government-led Myanmar

Peace Center.Speaking to The Irrawaddy on Tuesday, he did not reveal the agenda
or who will act as observers at the meeting, and said those details would be
announced as soon as they were agreed upon by both parties. These are still being
discussed with Laiza [location of the KIOs headquarters], Min Zaw Oo said.Fighting

has ceased around the KIOs Laiza headquarters following an offensive by

government troops in December and January, during which they seized control of
several strongholds outside the city that were held by the KIOs militant wing, the
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Kachin Independence Army (KIA). The two sides began peace talks in February and
met again in March in Ruili, China.A third round of talks has reportedly been delayed
due to questions about third-party participation. There were rumors that China had

pressured the KIO to deny Western observers access to the talks, but the Chinese
Embassy refuted those claims.
While the full roster of third-party observers is not yet known, UN representation at
the May 28 meeting has been confirmed.KIO leaders in Laiza were not available for
comment when contacted by The Irrawaddy on Tuesday.James Lum Dau, a KIO

executive committee member and the KIOs representative to the ethnic alliance
known as the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC), told The Irrawaddy that

arrangements for the talks were being managed by the KIO headquarters, which he

said even he had been unable to contact in recent weeks.But, he said: It is really
good that we can meet in our own land, and we have to build mutual trust among
us.The KIO-KIA remains Burmas only major ethnic armed group that has yet to
reach a ceasefire agreement with Naypyidaw.

Although fighting has subsided over the last few months, a timetable for the return
of Kachin internally displaced persons (IDPs) to their homes in Laiza remains
unclear. According to local aid workers, thousands of Kachin IDPs are still unwilling
or unable to return to their homes and are in desperate need of food.The priority is
food, as we have to support these IDPs who have lost their homes or who are afraid

to go back to their villages due to the insecurity, said Salang Kaba Doi Pi Sa, head
of the Kachin IDP and Refugee Relief Committee (IRRC).He said shelters for the

IDPs have been repaired and are nearing completion ahead of the coming monsoon
season. Aid workers stressed that schooling for refugee children remains a
concern.Despite the absence of gunfire in the Laiza region of late, James Lum Dau
said clashes continued to occur in Shan State, where Brigade No. 4 of the KIA

controls territory. He said the violence there could negatively affect the achievement
of a genuine peace.Kachin leaders confirmed that many IDPs are waiting to return
home until a more permanent peace settlement is reached.
Min Zaw Oo said that in addition to a reaching a formal ceasefire agreement,
collaboration between the local commanders from both sides was necessary in order
for refugees to be able to safely return to their homes. He cited ongoing
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collaboration in areas currently controlled by the Karen National Union (KNU) as


exemplary.Refugees return is not only [an issue] in the KIO areas, but also in
Karen State, he said.In talking with Karen refugees, Min Zaw Oo said there were
some who wanted to return to their homes and others who planned to wait and see
how peace talks progressed before deciding whether to return.

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Kachin Ceasefire Talks Postponed Because


of China, NGOs Claim
By LAWI WENG / THE IRRAWADDY| Monday, April 8, 2013 | IRRAWADDY

Government peace negotiators and KIO leaders hold peace talks in Ruili, China, on
March 8, 2012. (Photo: The Irrawaddy)
RANGOONThe postponement of ceasefire talks between the Burmese government
and Kachin rebels on Friday has led to complaints from Kachin civil society groups,

which claim that the talks were cancelled because China had objected to the
presence of Western observers.The Chinese Embassy in Rangoon has denied that it

caused the postponement of the talks.A government peace team was scheduled to
meet with the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) in the Kachin State capital

Myitkyina on Friday, but the event was cancelled a few days earlier.Hla Maung
Shwe, a peace broker from the government-affiliated Myanmar Peace Center, said
on Monday that the KIO had asked for a postponement.From our side, we are

ready to hold the talks. But, they [the KIO] asked to postpone and this is why we
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agreed with them, he said, adding that the negotiations would take place soon after
the Burmese Water Festival, which will end on April 15.
However, a group of 13 Kachin non-governmental organizations alleged that the
event was cancelled at the behest of China, which they said had threatened to

withdraw support for the ceasefire talks because UN, US and UK officials were due
to attend.The groups said in a joint statement that chief government negotiator
Aung Min had agreed to a request by the KIO, made on March 29, to let Chinese
and Western observers attend the talks at a venue in Myitkyina.Hla Maung Shwe, of

the Myanmar Peace Center, also told The Irrawaddy last month that Western

observers would attend future ceasefire talks.Two previous rounds of talks were held
on Feb. 4 and March 8 in the Chinese border town Ruili, but no formal ceasefire
agreement was reached. Chinese observers were the only third-party participants at

these talks.China disagreed with letting the UN, US and UK participate in this [April
6] meeting, said Mar Khar, executive director of the Kachin Legal Aid Network,
whose organization helps internally displaced civilians in Kachin State.

His organization and the Kachin Peace Network, the Kachin Lawyers Group and the
Kachin Womens Peace Network were among the groups that issued the joint
statement.KIO leaders told me that they dont want to say bad things about China,

so they had to postpone. And thats why they say that their representatives could
not arrive on time, he told The Irrawaddy by phone on Monday.The Chinese

Embassy however, denied that China had objected to presence of Western


observers. In a post on its Facebook page on Sunday the embassy said it regrets the
report which lack a factual basis.

As the close neighbor and truly friend of Myanmar, China fully respects the
independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Myanmar and support Myanmar

government in its efforts to maintain national unity and ethnic harmony, the

embassy said.Mar Khar said the presence of Western observers could help expedite
the ceasefire talks, as Western countries and the Burmese government are in the
process of improving their mutual relations.It is sad to see China want to control

our sovereignty even though this is the affairs of Burma, and not China, he
added.On Sunday, Burmese President Thein Sein wrapped up a three-day visit to
China during which he met with his new Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping.According to
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Chinese state media, the leaders discussed the Kachin conflict and Xi told Thein Sein
that China was willing to continue to play a constructive role in solving the ethnic
conflict taking place on the Burma-China border. Thein Sein reportedly assured Xi
that his government would advance the peace process.The government has been

fighting ethnic Kachin rebels in northern Burma since June 2011 and from December
to early February this year the fighting escalated. China has been concerned that the

conflict could spill over into its territory and it has strengthened its security presence
along the border.

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Govt Troops, KIA Engage in Fresh Clashes


By KYAW KHA/ THE IRRAWADDY| Wednesday, March 27, 2013 | IRRAWADDY

KIA soldiers aim their machine gun at Burmese government troop positions during
fighting in January 2013. (Photo: Steve Tickner / The Irrawaddy)
The Kachin Independence Army (KIA) engaged in fresh clashes with government
troops on Monday morning in an area under the control of KIA Brigade 4 in northern

Shan State, according to KIA sources.La Nan, the spokesperson for the KIAs political
wing, the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO), told The Irrawaddy that Infantry

Battalions (IB) 145 and 290 of the Burmese armys Northeastern Command
approached outposts belong to the KIAs Battalion 17 on Sunday evening and
fighting broke out for about an hour. Fighting resumed the next morning when the
Burmese forces launched an offensive with three columns, he said.It was like a

threat when the government troops approached our outposts the other day. We felt
that we were pushed into a tight corner, so we were forced to fight, said La Nan,
adding that the government troops used heavy weapons in the exchange.
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Based on ground information his headquarters had received, he said that the
Monday clash that started at around 6 am was quite furious. No casualties were
reported from either side, he added.Armed engagements between the two armies
have reportedly decreased in most KIA-controlled areas since preliminary meetings
for political talks between the KIO and the government were held on Feb. 4 and
March 11-12. The KIA said it welcomes such developments.

However, it claims that at least five small-scale clashes have occurred since those
meetings because of government troops approaching areas in its Brigade 4 and 2

territories and carrying out road construction.The Irrawaddy contacted the


Presidents Office and the governments peace committee for comment about the

incident on Monday morning, but did not receive a response.The KIO spokesperson
also added that the recent clashes will not have any impact on the next meeting
between the KIO and the governments Union Peacemaking Working Committee,
which the two sides agreed to hold before April 10.However, he said that the coming

meeting should cover situations in frontline areas as well as focusing on other


issues.These clashes are the consequences of their military movement, so this

needs to be addressed in order to proceed to the next level of talks between the KIO
and government, stressed La Nan.

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Road to Kachin Peace is Long and Rocky,


Observers Say
By SAW YAN NAING / THE IRRAWADDY| Friday, February 15, 2013 | IRRAWADDY

Kachin soldiers carry the body of one of their comrades after an aerial bombardment

destroyed a bunker where four KIA soldiers had taken shelter during fighting. (Photo:
Steve Tickner / The Irrawaddy)
Independent Burma observers expressed concern about the ongoing Kachin conflict
at a meeting at Chiang Mai University, Thailand, on Friday and many doubted that

the government was committed to achieving peace with the ethnic Kachin rebels any
time soon.Guy Horton, a research fellow at the School of Oriental and African

Studies, University of London, said the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) had
been singled out as a target by Burmas military because of the groups persistent
demands for political autonomy through the creation of a federal Kachin
State.According to Horton, Burmas former military supremo Than Shwe said in mid2009 that they [the KIO] dont agree to our terms. And so, we must fight against
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them.He warned that if Burmas military would try to crush remaining Kachin rebel
strongholds in Laiza and Majayang the war could escalate even further, as the rebels
could deploy many more Kachin civilians who had received military training.It would
be a blood bath if they attack Majayang and Laiza,Horton said in a conversation on

the sidelines of a public forum on the Kachin conflict.The KIO and the government

have been involved in a bloody war in Kachin State since June 2011, when a 17year-old truce broke down. Since December, the war has escalated as the
government deployed heavy artillery and air strikes against the rebels.The KIOs
headquarters in Laiza, a town on the Burma-China border, was surrounded by late
January and on Feb. 4 both sides met in the Chinese city Ruili where they began
ceasefire discussions.

The governments chief peace negotiator Aung Min is due to meet with KIO leaders
and the United Nationalities Federal Councilan alliance of Burmas 11 ethnic
militiasin Chiang Mai on Feb.20.Many of the assembled Burma analysts believed
however, that a permanent solution to conflict would remain elusive as the KIOs
political demandsfederal autonomy and enshrining ethnic groups rights in the
Constitutionwould be unacceptable to the Burmese government.

The government wants peace on its own terms only, i.e. basically surrender and
accept the 2008 Constitution, which is neither democratic nor federal in character,
said Bertil Lintner, a veteran Swedish journalist and Burma expert.According to

Lintner, the government had made detailed plans to attack the Kachin rebels and
reduce their influence in northern Burma. The current offensive against the KIA
has been planned for a long time. At least half a year, with exercises and drills
elsewhere in Burma, he said.Ryan Libre, an American photographer who has
covered the Kachin conflict, said that despite the recent military gains by the

Burmese government the KIO would not be easily defeated, as the rebels could
regroup to continue low-intensity guerilla warfare. I think there will not be an end
to the fighting, he added.

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KIO and Govt Peace Delegation Start


Peace Talks
By THE IRRAWADDY and THE ASSOCIATED PRESS| Monday, February 4, 2013 |
IRRAWADDY

Burmese government negotiators meet with a delegation from the Kachin


Independence Organization in Ruili, China, on Feb. 4, 2013. (Photo: Hla Maung Shwe)
Kachin rebel leaders and a Burmese government delegation led by Presidents Office
Minister Aung Min met at the Jin Cheng Hotel in Ruili, China, on Monday for a fresh

round of peace talks aimed at ending a bitter war in Burmas north.The meeting,
which was hosted by Chinese authorities, was attended on the Kachin side by Kachin

Independence Organization (KIO) peace negotiator Sumlut Gam and Gen Sumlut
Gun Maw, the vice chief of the Kachin Independence Army (KIA), who is regarded as
a key military decision maker.Also in attendance were Chinese officials, peace
brokers such as Hla Maung Shwe of the Rangoon-based NGO Myanmar Egress, and

senior leaders of the Karen National Union (KNU), including Chairman Mutu Say Poe
and General Secretary Kwe Htoo Win, according to Aung Kyaw Zaw, a well-informed
source in Ruili who is close to the KIO.
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This is the first time the two sides have met since a KIO peace team led by Sumlut
Gam held talks with a government delegation in Ruili on Oct. 30 of last year. Sources
close to the government said that Naypyidaw was unhappy at that time because the
KIO did not send senior representatives for the talks.After that meeting, the

government army stepped up its offensive against the KIA, using fighter jets,

helicopter gunships, bombs and intense artillery barrages to seize rebel outposts
around Laiza, a town on the Chinese border that serves as the KIO
headquarters.The current meeting comes after the government army captured
several strategic guerrilla-held positions last month in the hills surrounding Laiza.
The area has been relatively quiet since the government army took control of Hkaya
Bhum, the highest hill in the area, on Jan. 26, although KIA officers say that

government troops still sporadically shell rebel posts.Khon Ja, an activist with the
Kachin Peace Network, said the army fired four artillery shells at one rebel post a
few kilometers west of Laiza on Sunday. A day earlier, they attacked a rebel post at

Lawa Yang, just to the southwest.Government forces are trying to harass us, said
Sgt Brang Shawng, who is deployed at Lawa Yang. They are trying to draw us into
a fight, but we are under strict orders not to fire back.

He said army troops on a hilltop overlooking Lawa Yang attacked his position with

rocket-propelled grenades, mortar rounds and bursts of gunfire twice on


Saturday.Referring to Mondays talks, Brang Shawng said: We hope there will be a
truce so peace will come, but nobody thinks this is going to end soon.Since the

conflict resumed in June 2011 after a 17-year ceasefire, the two sides have held at
least 10 rounds of talks to try to end it.

Mondays meeting was confirmed by a KIA officer and a civilian official working with

the governments negotiation team. The officials declined to be identified because of


the sensitivity of the subject.The Kachin, like Burmas other ethnic minorities, have

long sought greater autonomy from the central government. They are the only
major ethnic rebel group that has not reached a truce with President Thein Seins
administration, which has been praised by world powers for making political and
economic strides toward democratic rule over the last two years.

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Govt, KIO to Meet for Third Round of Talks


By NYEIN NYEIN / THE IRRAWADDY| Wednesday, April 3, 2013 | IRRAWADDY

Lt-Gen Myint Soe, left, of Burmas Ministry of Defense talks with Gen Gun Maw of the
KIA in Ruili, China, on March 11, 2013. (Photo: The Irrawaddy)

The Burmese governments peace team is expected to hold a third round of talks
with the ethnic rebel Kachin Independent Organization (KIO) later this month,
according to sources close to the two sides.Although a venue has yet to be agreed

upon, it is believed that the talks will be held in the Kachin State capital Myitkyina,

making this the first time that negotiations started earlier this year have been held
inside Burma.Two previous meetings, held on Feb. 4 and March 10, both took place
in the Chinese border town of Ruili.According to peace broker Hla Maung Shwe, the
Burmese governments chief peace negotiator, Presidents Office Minister Aung Min,
invited the KIO to meet before April 8.However, the KIO says it will wait a few more

days before deciding how to reply.We havent made any decision yet, but it will
come in a couple of days, KIO spokesperson La Nan told The Irrawaddy on
Tuesday. We have to assess the situation. It also depends on the extent to which
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international observers will be allowed to participate in the talks.A later response


will probably mean that the talks will be held in the last week of the month,
following the Thingyan water festival in the second and third weeks, said Hla Maung

Shwe.The peace brokers say that government negotiators and their Kachin
counterparts have been able to build some degree of mutual trust since the talks

began following a fierce offensive launched by the Burmese government army


against the KIOs stronghold of Laiza at the end of last year.
To further improve trust, Hla Maung Shwe said that Aung Min had agreed to accept
any venue for talks proposed by the KIO.In addition to the two formal meetings that

have so far taken place, the two sides have also held several informal talks, he
added.It was not clear what the agenda will be for the next round of talks, but high-

ranking Burmese military officials are expected to be among those present. The KIO
spokesperson also confirmed that representatives of the groups military wing, the
Kachin Independence Army (KIA), will attend the next meeting.Military tensions in
Kachin State have diminished considerably since the talks began in February, but

occasional clashes between the KIA and government troops were reported in several
areas last month, including northern Shan State and near Pangwa, north of Laiza in

Kachin State.The KIO said that it has also been actively engaged in efforts to

establish a political dialogue with Naypyidaw through the United Nationalities Federal
Council (UNFC), an ethnic alliance group. The UNFC and government peace team are
expected to meet later this month, after UNFC representatives return from a trip to
Japan.

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Laiza Peace Marchers Greeted by Kachins


By LAWI WENG & ZEN MYAT LAHPAI / THE IRRAWADDY|
Wednesday, March 20, 2013 | IRRAWADDY

The peace marchers arrive in Laiza on Monday. (Photo: The Kachin Net)
LAIZA Thousands of ethnic Kachins welcomed dozens of peace activists who
arrived in Laiza, the besieged stronghold of Kachin rebels, on Monday evening after

walking for 57 days from Rangoon.Residents of Laiza came out in force as Kachin
Independence Army (KIA) fighters lined the streets, forming a welcoming procession
that reportedly cost around 60,000 yuan (about US $9,600).Col Zau Tawng of the
KIA said: We have been following the news about these peace activists, so we

knew they were arriving. We have been waiting with great interest.Buddhist
residents of Laiza said they were encouraged by the arrival of 10 Buddhist monks,

who were preparing to give a religious sermon on Wednesday night, residents


said.We are very happy to have the monks come here to talk, said Shan Ma, who

lives in Laiza, adding that there had been no Buddhist religious events in the town
since the start of the fighting.The conflict in Kachin State has raged since
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government forces began an offensive in the area in June 2011. The activists made
the journey to Laiza to try to end the violence.The marchers raised a flag bearing a
white dove symbolizing peace.
The marchers leader, Yan Naing Htun, said: If we look at how much the people

support our movement, this has been a success. The success of our movement has
been decided by the people.Without having good intentions, we could not walk to
Laiza and when we found a lot of people welcoming us, we are very happy about

that.The activists said many people donated food and money to their cause along
the way, even donating 17 million kyat ($19,000) to Kachin refugees.
I thought we would have many difficulties on this trip, not having enough food
sometimes and having to sleep on the street without shelter. There were even
people who criticized us for attempting the impossible, he said.But we found lots
of support along the way, which gave us hope. We never went without food.The

government and the KIA recently re-opened peace talks, something the activists say
is a positive outcome from their efforts.We believed that this is one benefit from our

movement, said Yan Naing Tun.The activists also thanked the Burmese army, which
helped them get to the embattled city, and Armed Forces Commander-in-Chief Min
Aung Hlaing.

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Kachin Prisoners Accused of Bomb Plot


By LAWI WENG / THE IRRAWADDY| Monday, March 18, 2013 | IRRAWADDY

Kachins protest for the release of a farmer detained for alleged links to the KIA.
(Photo: KDNG)
RANGOON Two Kachin men arrested last year and allegedly tortured for spying
for the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) are now facing charges of plotting to blow

up a bridge.The men, who last year told a court in the Kachin State capital Myitkyina
that they had been forced to engage in sexual acts with each other while in custody,
told their lawyer about the new charges last week after the prosecution presented
photos in court of them allegedly setting explosives.The lawyer, Mar Khar, told The

Irrawaddy on Monday that the two men now stand accused of attempting to blow up
the Balamingyi Bridge, the main railway bridge between Myitkyina and Wai Maw

townships.Myo Win Naing, the deputy township officer, made the allegation against
my clients on March 14 at the court in Myitkyina. They told me that the photos show
them after they were blindfolded and handcuffed by the police and taken by car to
the bridge, where they were forced to pretend to lay explosives, said the lawyer.

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The two suspects, La Htai Gam, 52, and Drang Gyung, 25, were detained last June
by government troops from Infantry Battalion No. 37, which is based in Thar Lao
Gyi, a village in Myitkyina Township.They said that while they were in custody, the

were forced to have sex with each other, perform traditional Kachin dancing while
naked, and also to act as if they were being crucifieda crude allusion to their
Christian faith.They were initially accused by the Burmese government of coming to

Myitkyina to spy on the Burmese militarya charge for which they could face a

sentence of between two and three years in prison. The new charges against them
come with a possible prison sentence of up to 10 years.The current government
says that it is trying to bring peace, but what they are doing is destroying peace,

said the lawyer, referring to the alleged abuse of prisoners suspected of having ties
to the KIA.According to Tomas Ojea Quintana, the UNs human rights rapporteur for
Burma, who visited Kachin State last month, human rights abuses continue in the
state despite recent renewed efforts to end the conflict.The families of the two men

are among the 100,000 people who have been displaced from their homes in Kachin
State since fighting broke out between government forces and the KIA in June
2011.There are currently estimated to be at least 60 ethnic Kachin detainees being
held in Myitkyina jail cells accused of being members of the KIA. Another 40 are

being detained in northern Shan State, according to Mar Khar.The police here
continue to regard refugees as a threat. Whenever there is an explosion, the local

authorities here always say that it is because there are refugees in the city, said the
lawyer.

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Unlawful Association Law Hindering Peace


Process: Shans RCSS
By NYEIN NYEIN / THE IRRAWADDY| Friday, May 17, 2013 | IRRAWADDY

The Shan State Army-South (SSA-South), left, and Burmese government meet for

peace talks in Kengtung, eastern Shan State, on May 16, 2012. (Photo: The
Irrawaddy)
The Restoration Council of Shan State (RCSS) is urging the government to rescind a
provision of a law related to unlawful association so that ethnic groups in the area
can more effectively carry out a political dialogue.RCSS spokesman Maj Sai Lao

Hseng said RCSS and Shan State Army-South (SSA-South) representatives raised the
issue of Section 17/1 of the Unlawful Association Act, which allows for the arrest of
anyone deemed a participant or linked to unlawful groups, during a meeting with

Myanmar Peace Center chief Aung Min earlier this week.Section 17/1s removal was

among a list of points first brought up at a meeting between government peace


negotiators and the SSA-South in May of last year in Kengtung Township. That
meeting saw the signing of an ostensible ceasefire agreement.
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For political talks, we also need to meet with the public, Sai Lao Hseng said. But
the political parties are afraid to even communicate with us [due to the law].Aung
Min said they would think about it when ceasefires can be reached nationwide. He

said President Thein Sein was of the same mind.The rebel spokesman said even
locals who merely provide food to the ethnic armed groups are being targeted,
making the ordinary people uncomfortable with having relations with [the RCSS and
SSA-South].The government troops still use the old means to solve the problem in

Shan State; they [the troops] raided and then treated the villagers badly, as you
may know, Sai Lao Hseng said, referring to an attack last week in Nam Kham
Township, in which about a thousand villagers from three villagesNaw Ma, Naw
Kham and Man Khumwere forced to flee to the nearby Sino-Burmese border.

Troops from the Burmese Army, also known as the Tatmadaw, took over the No.
701 base of the RCSS/SSA-S in Nam Kham on May 9.We have liaison offices in
northern Shan State, they can talk to us, said the RCSS spokesman. If our troops

run afoul, we can control [them]. But they [the Tatmadaw] just started the attack
soon after they accused us.The attack was reportedly traced back to the alleged
arrest of four Burmese citizens by Shan rebels.They still use the old method in Shan

State. So the public is living in fear of military control. They are still afraid of having
relations with us, Sai Lao Hseng said.Sai Mong, a senior journalist at the Shan
Herald Agency for News, said clashes in Shan State have been frequent despite the
ceasefire agreement between the government and ethnic armed forces in Shan

State.There have also been heavy clashes between government troops and the Shan
State Progressive Party and the Shan State Army-North (SSA-North) over last two

months, displacing thousands of villagers in Tang Yang Township even as the ethnic
armed groups engage in peace talks with the government.Fears have spread to the
residents of Muse, not only due to the recent fighting, but also over a bomb blast

that rocked the city on Thursday night, leaving one person dead. Local police said
they were investigating the incident but have released no details. Another

undetonated bomb was found on Friday morning.A week after the government army
raided the villages in Nam Kham, which is located in the district of Muse, the
displaced have begun returning to their homes, according to local sources.

Some houses and grocery stores in the villages were reportedly destroyed by
government troops. The townships director, Aung Kyaw Soe, refuted those reports
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and said the military was only searching for weapons. He added that the villagers
could now return to their homes as the fighting had ceased.But a female resident
from the village of Naw Ma, who is currently seeking refuge in China, said on
Thursday that she went back to the village yesterday [Wednesday], but the doors
of our houses are destroyed. She added that villagers were reluctant to return to

their homes because they feared they might be forced to serve as porters for the
Tatmadaw.So we are still living in China, she said.Lower house MP Sai Kyaw Ohm,
from the Shan Nationalities Development Party, told The Irrawaddy on Friday that
many villagers had returned to their homes and that authorities planned to pay for
the restoration of those houses that were damaged.

The Irrawaddy reporter Nang Seng Nom contributed to this report.

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On Salween River, Growing Signs that


Work on Hat Gyi Dam Resumes
By SAW YAN NAING / THE IRRAWADDY| Wednesday, May 22, 2013 |

Karen communities calling for the protection of the Salween River release a bamboo
raft on the river in Papun District, Karen State, on Friday. (Photo: Karen Rivers Watch)
There were further signs this week that construction on the controversial Hat Gyi
hydropower dam on the Salween River in Burmas Karen State has resumed, as
representatives of the Thai dam developer visited Thai villages that would be

affected by the planned 1,200-megawatt project.After Burmas government and the

Karen National Union (KNU) reached a ceasefire in January 2012, there has been an
increase in activity at the planned construction site, even though Karen rebel groups

strongly oppose the dam.On Wednesday, a team of researchers, consultants and


company representatives of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT)
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visited several Thai villages on the banks of the Salween River that would be flooded
due to their location in the planned dam reservoir. The group carried out a survey
among

the

affected

the

villagers

about

the

potential

impacts.Watsan

Namchaitosapon, the deputy headman of Ban Mae Sam Leap village in Mae Hong
Son Province on the Burma-Thai border, said the delegation, comprising researchers
and students from Chulalongkorn University, consulted local community leaders
about the impacts of the dam and sought villagers opinions on the project.Local

residents, he said, didnt like the construction of the dam, but they were told that
the Burmese government was determined to go ahead with the project, which is
located about 50 km (30 miles) from the Thai border.
The EGAT delegation told the villagers that if Thailand doesnt help build the dam
China would step in to complete the project, according to Namchaitosapon.We can

do nothing, even we dont like [the dam] they will build it anyway. So, we told them
that the authorities have to find a new relocation site for us and provide us with
proper compensation, the village deputy headman told The Irrawaddy.Ban Mae

Sam Leap is a Thai village located on the bank of Salween River and most
inhabitants are ethnic Karen hill tribe. Many rely on local border trade for their

livelihoods, while some are fishermen and farmers.According to activist group

Salween Watch, the US $2.6-billion project is being planned by Chinas Sinohydro


Corporation and EGAT, a Thai government body, which signed a deal for the project
with Burmas Ministry of Electric Power in 2006.The Hat Gyi dam is supposed to be

built on the Salween River in Karen State, but it has long been opposed by the KNU,
especially by KNU Brigade 5 which is based in the region. Due to past attacks
launched by Brigade 5, construction work at the dam site has repeatedly stalled.

In 2007, one Thai worker from EGAT died and several others were injured when a
group of unknown men conducted a grenade attack on a workers camp at the dam

construction site.Last month, the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) clashed
with the Burmese army and a government-affiliated militia, called the Karen Border

Guard Force, nearby the Hat Gyi dam site.Fighting had erupted after the DKBA, a

breakaway Karen rebel group, had refused to follow an order by government forces
to abandon one of its bases near the site.DKBA Maj. Wai Htoo said the Hat Gyi
dams construction site also bordered on the KNU Brigade 5 area of control.Both
Karen rebel units oppose construction of the dam, and although the groups have
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fought against each other in the past, they are likely to cooperate in attacking
government troops and workers if they go ahead with the dam project.The groups
not only oppose the government forces incursion into their areas as the dam
proceeds, but they also disapprove of the dams far-reaching impact on local Karen
communities and the environment.
The Hat Gyi power plant is one of six large-scale dams which have been planned on
the Salween River by the Burmese government, which will have a combined installed

capacity of 15,000 megawatt, according to Salween Watch.Deputy Minister of


Electric Power Myint Zaw told the Lower House on Feb. 27 that the six dams would
be built using foreign investment, state-run newspaper The New Light of Myanmar
has reported.

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Outlawed ABSDF Meets Govt to Discuss


Ceasefire
By NYEIN NYEIN / THE IRRAWADDY| Wednesday, May 22, 2013 | IRRAWADDY

A delegation from the All Burma Students Democratic Front (ABSDF) at the Myanmar

Peace Center in Rangoon on Monday to meet with the governments peace


negotiation team. (Photo: Min Zaw Oo/Facebook)
An outlawed student armed group fighting against the governments army in ethnic
border areas met government officials on Tuesday, hoping to set the stage for a

ceasefire and political dialogue.Representatives from the All Burma Students


Democratic Front (ABSDF) and the government said they were satisfied after two
days of meetings in Rangoon.Our meeting focused on the technical issues of the
ceasefire and the ABSDFs role in the peace process, said Kyaw Ko, part of the

ABSDFs negotiation team, which was led by the groups general secretary.Hla
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Maung Shwe, the governments peace broker at the Myanmar Peace Center, said the
two days of talks went well.We discussed the groups participation in the political
dialogue in the future, he said. And they are prepared for this platform.
It is the second time the student group has met the governments peace negotiation
team, led by Minister Aung Min. After joining the Kachin Independence Army (KIA)

to fight government troops in north Burmas Kachin State, the student armed group
also met with government peace negotiators in Rangoon four months ago.Kyaw Ko

said both sides spoke openly this week and were optimistic, agreeing to schedule a
future meeting after reporting back to their respective leaders. The schedule of the

next talk is not yet known exactly, he added.The ABSDF formed in 1988 after
nationwide pro-democracy uprisings, as students fled their homes to the border

areas. The group fought against the former military regime for more than two
decades.The meetings on Monday and Tuesday included a government team from
the Myanmar Peace Center led by Col. Kyaw Soe Win and five ABSDF
representatives who will return to the border on Friday.

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2013-05-25 RFA

RFA

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28.05.2013 VOA
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KIA KIA


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z v z {

z z v

RCSS

z OIC

v v z

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z { OIC v { z v
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v v

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RCSS/SSA

wz | z

OIC

'Organization of Islamic Countries' z v v z


v
z { v z

RCSS

v |

v v

v v v z wz z v v v wv
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Created on Saturday, 18 May 2013 18:12
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v z  wv   { z   z 
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2013-05-18 RFA


energy tribune

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2013-05-19 RFA

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RFA

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2013-05-18 RFA

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Nphoto: RFA/ Min Thein Aung
Mr. Li Junhua


CNPC
RFA

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2013-05-16 RFA

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NLD
2013-05-20 RFA

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RFA

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NLD

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NLD

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NLD RFA

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..

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PUBLIC ENEMIES OF MYANMAR



KIO/KIA
KACHIN STATE AND KIO/KIA


KIO/KIA

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Public Enemies

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BURMA: BATTLE FOR DEMOCRACY

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MYANMAR FOREIGN POLICY 1948 2010

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The Calm ( ) The Dignity (


) The ability ( ) The Grace (

) The Order ( ) The


Sacrifices ( ) The Kindness
() The Conscience (

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( )
EDITOR THAKHIN VACAKA ( RIT RANGOON INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY )

POLARIS BURMESE LIBRARY


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INDEX

()
()
SSPP

(SNLD)
(SNDP)

(UNFC)

UNFC

z { wz v z { (ANC) wz (CNF) v wz
w (KIO) v z { (KNU)
v

w (PNLO)

v /

(SSPP/SSA) z wz v (ALP) z
v z {/ (RCSS/SSA)

/ () RCSS/SSA
KNPP
(KNU)

Tomas Ojea Quintana


(SSPP)
(ALD)

(RNDP)
(UWSA)

TNLA
AHRC
{

i i

y n
i m

{


(DKBA)

()
(TNLA) - TNLA

(NBF) - National Brothers Federation-NBF (NBF)

(AAPP)
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(KBC)
(PCG)
(MPC)

(PWO)
PSLF - PSLF
TNLA

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