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GROUP MEMBERS

Attiqa Imtiaz (Group Leader)

OBJECTIVES
Mitosis and Its Phases Meiosis and Its Phases Differences Between Mitosis and Meiosis Cell Cycle

MITOSIS
Defination: Cell divides into two daughter cells with identical copies of its DNA . Functions: 1. Formation of multicellular embryo from a fertilized egg. 2. Tissue growth. 3. Replacement of old & dead cells. 4. Repair of injured tissues.

PHASES OF MITOSIS

Prophase

Metaphase

Anaphase

Telophase

PHASES OF MITOSIS (cont)


Prophase: Condensation of chromosomes Disappearance of nucleoli Formation of mitotic spindle Division of centrioles Metaphase: Migration of mitotic spindle towards the center Formation of Equatorial plate or Metaphase plate Disappearance of nuclear envelop Pole to pole alignment of centrioles

PHASES OF MITOSIS (cont...)


Anaphase: Separation of chromatids Migration of chromosomes from the Equatorial plate At the end of this phase chromosomes cluster at the spindle poles Telophase: Appearance of cleavage furrow leading to division of two cells Appearance of Misbody Reappearance of nuclear envelope and nucleoli Uncoiling of chromosomes