# St. Xavier’s College, Autonomous DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS SYLLABUS UNDER AUTONOMY FOR SEMESTER VI Course: S.PHY.6.

01 Statistical Mechanics [ 60 LECTURES] Learning Objectives: To study statistical behaviour of many particle systems. UNIT I (15 Lectures) 1. Probability: combining probabilities of events, probability distributions moments, the moment generating function, the characteristic function, cumulants. Examples and problems. The central limit theorem and its proof [Computer experiments with the central limit theorem] (Chapters on probability from “Berkeley Physics Course vol 5” by E. Reif and “Mathematical Methods of Physics”, by J. Mathews and R. L. Walker) 2. Review of description of a system, thermal and adiabatic interactions, classical gas (chapters 1, 2, 3 from statistical and thermal physics by S. Loknathan and R.S. Gambhir) UNIT II (15 Lectures) 1. Kinetic theory: phase space formulation, binary collisions, the Boltzmann transport equation, the postulate of molecular chaos, the H theorem, the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution (emphasize the connection with the proof of the central limit theorem), the most probable distribution, Liouville's theorem and its connection to the H theorem, Poincare's recurrence theorem. (Chapters 3 and 4 of “Statistical Mechanics” by Kerson Huang.) UNIT III (15 Lectures) 1. The methods of statistical mechanics: the postulate of equal a priori probability in phase space, the microcanonical ensemble, entropy, the equipartition theorem, classical ideal gas, Gibbs paradox. The canonical ensemble, the partition function, the Helmholtz free energy, energy fluctuations in the canonical ensemble. UNIT IV (15 Lectures) 1. The grand canonical ensemble, density fluctuations in the grand canonical ensemble, first order phase transitions, the meaning of the Maxwell construction. 2. Quantum Statistics of ideal geases: Bose – Einstein statistics, black-body radiation, The Rayleigh-Jeans formula, The Planck radiation formula, Fermi – Dirac statistics, comparison of results, Transition between states. References: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Statistical and thermal physics – S. Loknathan, R. S. Gambhir Statistical Mechanics - Kerson Huang (Indian edition exists) Statistical Mechanics (Berkeley Physics Course, vol 5) - E. Reif Statistical and thermal physics - F. Reif Mathematical Methods of Physics - J. Mathews and R. L. Walker

CIA: Problem solving/ MCQs

02 Atomic & Molecular Physics [60 LECTURES] Learning Objectives: To study atomic structure and atomic and molecular spectra. Atomic Spectra . UNIT I : Structure of atom (15 lectures) 1. Vibrational Raman. X-ray spectra: Characteristic. Intensity of Vibration Electronic Spectra. Review of Hydrogen atom problem.St. Quantum Theory. External magnetic field: Normal Zeeman Effect.Rotational Spectra. Frank – Condon Principle. Raman Effect: Classical Theory. Hund’s Rule. Autonomous DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS SYLLABUS UNDER AUTONOMY FOR SEMESTER VI COURSE:S. External Electric Field: Stark Effect. Experimental Techniques. JJ Coupling. Bieser. Unit II: Atomic spectra (15 lectures) 1. Molecular spectra . Pauli’s Exclusion Principle. Vibrational . CIA: PROBLEM SOLVING/MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS .White. 3. UNIT IV: Molecular Spectra (Diatomic Molecule) (15 lectures) 1.C. Alkali Spectra. 3.1. M. 2. Spin Orbit Coupling. 3. Role of rotation symmetry 2. Perspective of Modern Physics – A. Pure Rotational Raman Spectra.6.PHY. Analomous Zeeman Effect. Vibrational Spectra. Continuous. 2. Symmetric & Antisymmetric Wave Function 1. Raman Activity of CO2 and H2O. M Series. Xavier’s College. Electronic Spectra. Banwell. L. References: . Review concepts of quantum mechanics . Rotational Spectra. Born Oppenheimer Approximation. Physics of LASERs (3level system). Mosley’s Law. Visible spectra. 2. Infrared Spectrometer. Paschen Back Effect (Principal Series Doublet). 4. Origins of Spectral Lines & Selection Rules. LS Coupling. Experimental Verification. Lande’s Factor. UNIT III : Atoms in External Fields (15 lectures) 1. 2. Vector Atom Model . K. Microwave Spectrometer.

2. Velocity and energy of beta particles. Yukawa Potential. Alpha decay : Range of alpha particles. Emission of delayed neutrons. Solid State detectors . Alpha decay paradox: Barrier Penetration.PHY. Autonomous DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS SYLLABUS UNDER AUTONOMY FOR SEMESTER VI COURSE:S. conservation laws and symmetry. Ionization and stopping power. elementary idea of quantum chromo-dynamics.M. energy levels and decay schemes. internal conversion. UNIT-III (15 LECTURES) 1. Fission chain reaction. nuclear safety and hazards. Ionization chamber. nuclear isomerism. Pauli’s neutrino hypothesis. grand unified theories. Neutron cycle in a thermal nuclear reactor (Four Factor Formula). energy levels&decay schemes. energy release in fission. Fission of lighter nuclei. Xavier’s College. Elementary particles : Introduction. Mossbauer effect. 3. nuclear accelerators and detectors. standard model. G.Binding Energy and Mass formula: (Review of Liquid drop model & Weizsacher’s semiempirical mass formula). Asymmetric fission . energetics. 6. energetics. detection and reactions. The Fundamental interactions. Proportional counter. Magic numbers. UNIT II (15 LECTURES) 1.Mass yield. Classification of elementary particles based on conservation laws. Continuous beta ray spectrum-Difficulties encountered to understand it. Applications of nuclear energy : nuclear reactors. Measurement of nuclear radius by Hofstadter experiment. UNIT-IV (15 LECTURES) 1. Cloud and Bubble chamber. . UNIT I: (15 LECTURES) 1. Scintillation counter. Detection of neutrino. Meson theory of nuclear forces. particles and antiparticles.Properties of the nucleus: Rutherford scattering & measurement of nuclear size. Review conservation laws. Gamow’s theory of alpha decay and Geiger-Nuttal law. Counter. Nuclear energy : Introduction. Velocity and energy. Nature of fission fragments. Disintegration energy. Radioactive decay: Decay chains. elementary particle quantum numbers. Beta decay: Introduction. Absorption of alpha particles: Range. their properties. Comparison of fission and fusion processes. Gamma decay. Nuclear forces and their properties. 2. nuclear power generation.03 NUCLEAR PHYSICS [ 60 LECTURES] Learning Objectives:-To Understand the constituents of the nucleus. Energy released in the fission of U235. quark model. Mass parabolas . Stability limits against spontaneous fission. unification of interactions .Prediction of stability against beta decay for members of an isobaric family.St.

C. crystal structure. Effect of temperature on Fermi distribution function. Concepts of modern physics 2.04 Solid State Physics [ 60 LECTURES] Learning objectives: To understand the fundamental properties of materials and devices UNIT I : (15 lectures) 1. CsCl. basis. N. Nuclear Physics 4. Mean energy of electron gas at 0 K.) D. Theory of metals : Classical free electron theory of metals. A B Gupta & Dipak Ghosh( Books & Allied (P) Ltd. Modern Physics 2.II (15 lectures) 2. Ch.) CIA: PROBLEM SOLVING/MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS St. Ch. Hall effect. atomic packing factors in cubic system and hexagonal lattice.)( John Wiley & Sons).Nuclear Physics 6.) Kenneth Krane (2nd Ed. Collision time and mean free path. Electrical conductivity from quantum mechanical considerations. (Revised by Jivan Seshan. TMH) S. Fermi-Dirac statistics and electronic distribution in solids. Miller indices. Relaxation time. Patel (Wiley Eastern Ltd.Kittle 5th ed . Modern Physics Additional References. Crystal structures of diamond. Drawbacks of classical theory. Nacl. derivation of scattered wave amplitude.6. Chand & Co.). Crystal physics: Introduction. The Fermi distribution function. Density of energy states and Fermi energy. Autonomous DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS SYLLABUS UNDER AUTONOMY FOR SEMESTER VI COURSE:S. Nuclear Physics 3. 1. Bravais lattices. 1.References: 1. Ghoshal (S. 2 . Experimental diffraction methods. Xavier’s College. lattice. Chand & Co. unit cell & primitive cell.PHY.6 – Kittle 5th ed UNIT . Quantum theory of free electrons.)(S. S. Fourier analysis of the basis.B. Irving Kaplan (2nd Ed. Atomic & Nuclear Physics 3. Brillouin zones . ZnS.Chand&Co). Nuclear Physics 5.) (Addison Wesley). N Subrahmanyam. Tayal (Himalayan Publishing House) Murugesan & Kiruthiga Sivaprasath ( S. crystal classes & crystal systems in two & three dimensions. Heat capacity of the electron gas. Brij Lal. Inter-planar spacing. Atomic & Nuclear Physics Arthur Beiser (6th edition.

P. Comparison of the Weiss theory with experiment. Conductivity. Solid State Physics ( Problems and solutions) S. 7. Pillai (New Age International). 18. O. Carrier concentrations.UNIT . the Weiss field. Charge densities in a Semiconductor. Carrier lifetime.Penney model (Omit eq. Donor and Acceptor impurities.III (15 lectures) 1. Band theory of Semiconductors: Electrons and Holes in an Intrinsic Semiconductor.Kakani and Amit Kakani(New Age International). Magnetic properties of Matter: Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism. 19 . Solid State Physics S. 2. Ch. Diamagnetism and Larmor precession. Ferromagnetism. The origin of permanent magnetic dipoles. The static paramagnetic susceptibility. The continuity equation. Number of wave functions in a band.the Weiss molecular field. 8 – Kittle 5th ed UNIT . the anisotropy energy. Pillai (New Age International). the Bloch wall. Fermi level in extrinsic semiconductors. Dekker (Macmillan India Ltd).188).IV (15 lectures) 1. O. insulators and intrinsic semiconductors. Brillouin zones. Distinction between metals. coercive force and hysteresis. Quantum mechanical theory of paramagnetism. Diffusion. J. Band theory of solids: The Kronig. Solid State Physics A.Dekker References : Introduction to solid state physics Charles Kittel (Wiley Eastern international). CIA:PROBLEM SOLVING/MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS . Motion of electrons in a onedimensional periodic potential.184 to 6. 6. Ch. Additional References : Solid State Physics S.